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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 28, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Light Snow Tonight, Colder Friday The Proof of FM Superiority Is in the Listening VOLUME 50, NO. 265 FIVE CENTS PER COPY THURSDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 28, 1950 WINONA, MINNESOTA, EIGHTEEN PAGES H oar of 55 War Items Banned Mac Arthur Sees Chinese Attack By January 10 Commander Charges China Mobilizing For All-Out War By Olen Clements Tokyo United Nations forces manning the 150-mile de- fense line across Korea's midsec- tion braced today against the ex- pected flood of massed Red man- power. Bat there was little action. General MacArthur predicted that more than 19 Red divisions to men would rush against his tightened new in the next two weeks. The U. N. commander said Com- munist China has mobilized its "war effort on a national scale." In his war summary, MacArthur said the last known location of the 19 divisions, which compose the Chinese Communist Fourth field army, placed them in a position to hit the Eighth army sometime between January 1 and 10. He said there were six Chinese corps in the area and that limited attacks in lesser strength of one or more armies (corps) could be launched at any time, but a co-ordinated at- tack could be expected by the tenth of next month. Two Chlneie Armiei Committed "The character of a major mili- tary effort by the Chinese Com- munist government, though initial- ly masked under the treacherous ruae of a "volunteer participation" is only too apparent in the deploy- ment of all elements of the Third and Fourth field armies, which represent two out of the five field armies constituting the entire mil- itary structure of the com- munique said. "This war effort on a national icale is recognizable in their mil- itary budget. According to reliable lources, the Chinese Reds in Peip- inj have approved the spending of eight billion dollars for war pur- poses in 1951, This is probably the biggest military budget in Chinese history. It is estimated that it is times greater than the Chi- nese Nationalist government has ever spent in one year." 35 Miles From Seoul said Monday the Communists' war budget was Chinese Uunngthe trial previ- silver dollars. On the pre-World ous criminal matter in which Lor- War II exchange basis, that would be approximately U. S. Chinese currency is virtually worthless, about to one dol- Further State Aid Sought for Elba District Would Compensate For Loss of Land To Wildlife Refuge The Air Force has disclosed that lightning-fast F-94 Lockheed interceptors like this one are on 24-hour standby alert to guard New York City and the industrial east against enemy bombers. The new jets, equipped with radar and devices to give them additional power for combat or faster climbing speed, are operating above McGuire Air Force Base at Fort Dix, N. J., and other bases of the eastern air defense force. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Lorenz Plea Taken Under Advisement A motion for a new trial for Charles Lorenz, convicted by a district court jury earlier this month on a first degree murder charge, has been taken under ad- visement by District Court Judge Karl Finkelnburg. The motion to have the verdict set aside and a new trial granted was drafted by John and Dan Foley of Wabasha, the court-ap- pointed attorneys who represented the 62.-year-old Minneiska man at the trial. A hearing on the motion was held in Judge Finkelnburg's chambers this morning and was attended by Dan Foley and Wabasha County At- torney Arnold W. Hatfield, repre- senting the state in the matter. Claims Errorn In support of the motion for the new trial, Mr. Foley alleged errors of the court in receiving testimony County Treasurer Arrested, Funds Short Long Prairin, A. Coiling, state public examiner, j today continued his investigation into the alleged embezzlement of in comity funds by George Lehner, Todd county treasurer. A wan-ant signed by one of Golling's examiners has been issued by County Attorney Frank L. King charging Lehner with misappropriat- ing, public funds and falsifying public records and accounts. Lehner is under arrest. Men To Be Drafted In March Golling said that Lehner has con-j night December 22, an increase of ifessed peculations totaling at least! over the cumulative total The alleged shortages j reported in the previous week. came to light when the county I The of Defense, in releasing the figures today, em- phasized that- they represent only the number >of notifications sent to next of kin 'and do not reflect all casualties suffered through Decem- ber 22. The total included 6.432 deaths. By Al Olson Financial assistance from, the state was recommended Wednes- day afternoon as a means of pro- viding tax relief for townships, vil- lages and school districts within the Whitewater Wildlife refuge in the Elba area. A resolution passed at a special meeting in Winona seeks legisla- tion whereby the state will pay 30 I cents' an acre to the three groups for all lands purchased in the re- jgion. I The money would be divided on a 60-40 basis, with school districts getting 60 per cent and township and villages, the remaining 40 per i cent. Township Officers Meet i The resolution and several I more dealing with the same prob- lem were passed by about 60 i school district and township offi- cers gathered at the city building I here. It was the third such meeting held recently and presided over by J. B. Jestus, county superintendent I of schools. j Action was taken when it be- i Washington Announced apparent earlier this year that school districts in Whitewater, Elba and Mount Vernon townships were seriously threatened by lack Korean War Casualties Up in Week Washington Lfl Announ U. S, casualties in the Korean war rose to through mid- With the White House an- nouncement that the U. S. is re- suming full diplomatic relations with Spain after a lapse of five years, it is learned President Truman has selected Stanton Griffis, 63, of Boston as Am- bassador to Madrid. Griffis, former ambassador to Argen- tina, has also served in Poland and Egypt. Washington The Army to- day issued a draft call for in March. a check he was expecting from, the Great Northern railway in payment of repairs to a bridge maintained joinfly by the county and the railway company. Check Deposited The check, dated November 17, 1950, actually had been deposited by the county treasurer, but no Of these, were killed in ac- tion, 684 died of wounds and six record of its receipt had been en- n tered on the county books, Golling deaths were recorded among men been reported missing This will bring the total of Ar-1 said. The county auditor is requir- lar when there was an official ex- change rate months The vanguard of a Com- munist force, mostly Chinese, was only 35 miles north of Seoul Thurs- day night. A U. S. Eighth army briefing officer said two Chinese armies of about men were massing 35 miles north and northwest of the apprehensive South Korean capi- tal. Little ground action was re- ported. Patrols from both sides probed lines for weak spots and strength. 1'n the air. Far East Air Forces and Fifth Air Force planes ham- mered at Red troops immediately behind the enemy lines. Two Rus- sian-made MIG-ISs were reported destroyed and a third damaged in a series of three engagements with U. S. F-80 jets over North Korea. The Communists have apparent- ly thrown more airpower into the area. Onp fighter group reported sighting 35 MIGs Wednesday. General MacArthur's summary said United Nations patrols, oper- ating in the western sector of the Eighth army, supported by air strikes, destroyed and dispersed enemy groups in the Chang- dong area Wednesday afternoon. Allied troops continued to repulse enemy attempts to penetrate de- fense lines in the area southeast of Taedong. One South Korean unit pushed the enemy back several thousand yards in that sector. Air strikes in the Taedong sec enz was involved. The defense attorney contended that the testimony touching on an armed assault to which Lorenz previously pleaded guilty and was sentenced to a prison term was prejudicial to the defendant. Mr. Foley also charged that the county attorney was guilty of mis- conduct during his closing argu- ments to the jury. He cited speci- fically to references made by Mr. Hatfield that Lorenz was a "mur- derer" and a "killer." The appeal also is based on an allegation that the evidence of the case did not justify the verdict. During this morning's 80-minute my requests for draftees to 000 since the outbreak of the Ko- rean war. The asked for March is the same quota requested in Jan- uary and February. The Defense department an- nouncement said the Navy, Air Force and Marines '.'do not plan to place calls upon the selective serv- ice system in March." Only the Army has used the draft up to now. First Quotai Railed The original quotas for January and February were boosted on De- cember 12 to provide draf- tees in each of the two months. The first call for January was on- ly and the original call for February was The draft calls are part of a ed to issue a receipt for all such payments, but this particular check -was not called to his atten- tion, the public examiner pointed out. "Lehner at first passed the transaction off as an Golling said, "but after prolonged silence, finally admitted that he had been taking cash from the drawer since June, 1950, without re- turning it. His first peculation, he confessed, was in the amount of and he continued, according to his statement, to embezzle when- ever he needed money." William L. Thompson, Lehner's predecessor, had resigned after the public examiner also found short- ages in his accounts. On June 6, 1950, he pleaded guilty to the offense and paid a fine of S200. hearing in Judge build up to give the Army a com-1 chambers, Mr. Foley recalled that1' after the jury had deliberated for about 20 hours, it notified the court that it was "making no progress" toward a verdict and that three jur- ors were holding out for acquittal. Verdict Cited Several hours later, the court called the jury into the courtroom to determine what progress had been made and there were indica- tions that the jury poll still was 9-3 for conviction. bat force equal to 24 divisions when it reaches its current expansion goal next July 1. Although the figure used by the Defense department involves only 18 divisions, an Army official told a reporter today that the fighting force will be augmented by the so-called regimental combat teams to equal the strength of 24 full divisions. When the Korean war started, the Army had ten divisions, with o lur IULIUU. Mr- Foley said that little of them at. full war strength t verdict {ind. I except for a division in Germany, man an nour later me leraici iino about thrpp rlivkinrs ing Lorenz guilty was returned and .laefe 6 J m the United States. Only one of these, the 82nd airborne, had any- tor destroyed and routed Commu- that it seemed to him that there was "a possibility of a coerced verdict in view of the fact that these jurors who had voted for ac- quittal for 20 hours suddenly re- versed their positions in one hour." Mr. Hatfield today denied the al- legations of the appeal and after both attorneys had been heard. Judge Finkelnburg requested that Ex-Ku Klux Leader Takes Case to Top The wounded total was including those who later died of wounds. Air Barrier At Altitude Of 60 Miles Haverford, Pa. Discovery, high above the stratosphere, of an unexpected air barrier to rocket and interplantary ships was report- ed to the American Astronomical society today. The astronomers are holding their 84th meeting at the Straw- bridge observatory at Haverford college. The disc, very was made by Richard N. Thomas of the Uni- versity of Utah and Fred Whipple j of Harvard observatory. j The barrier is the heating effect of the upper air at 60 miles and higher. The heating is about twice as much as has been previously calculated. The practical meaning is that Of funds. Load on Fewer People The state has purchased acres to date for its Wildlife Refuge in the Whitewater valley. As more land is bought up each year, the tax load for support of schools, villages and townships falls heavier on the shoulders of fewer people. It has reached the point where in one school 45 near mill rate for 1951 has soared to 141.17, as compared to an average of 27.14 mills else- where in the county. Worried residents have set up a special committee to see that something is done about this mat- ter. Yesterday that committee was given the formal title of: "The Whitewater Area Taxpayers Com- mittee." Headed by Edward Benedett of Elba township, the committee is ago and now is training for com- bat. The army said some 50 of the advance parly's 345 men would remain in Korea to handle the battalion's administrative prob- lems. Keller, Rollingstone, and Repre- sentative George Daley, who have promised to introduce legislation at the 1951 session in St. Paul. The taxpayers Wednesday rec- ommended that the state maintain j roads and bridges on land purchas- ed by the state, thereby easing j the township budget for such work, i Also recommended was payment of the 30 cent per acre fee on a I retroactive July 1, 1948. No Action on Protests j Discussion at the session yester- j day and at two previous meetings here revealed that petitions pro-1 testing loss of taxable land have been sent to state officials but) with no results. Township officials declared they could not continue to operate much j longer and maintain present stand-1 Post-Intelligenc. ards expected unless new sources j cr sairj today a shipment of furs Imprisonment, Fines Ordered For Violations Resale at Prices In Excess of Market Value Prohibited Washington The National Production authority today banned hoarding 55 scarce materials essential to defense and civilian production. The order makes it illegal for businessmen, consumers or house- holders to accumulate these prod- jucts in excess of the "reasonable It also specifically pro- hibits acquiring the products for resale at prices in excess of pre- vailing market provision aimed at "black marketing." The 55 items include cement, softwood lumber and plywood, paper and paperboard. cast iron soil pipe, and a long list of metals and chemicals. Finti Any violation of the order is punishable by up to fine and year's imprisonment. The anti-hoarding decree extends and re-enforces an earlier NPA inventory control order which ap- plied only to business and industry and covered only 26 materials. The new order, effective at once, NPA accomplishes these ends: 1 1. It sets up a ban against house- hold hoarding and starts a list to which NPA later could add such items as automobile tires, cars and other consumer goods though (none of these is named in the present order. 2. It plugs a loophole in the orig- inal order, by eliminating the chance that a businessman might hoard materials with the excuse that they were for personal con- sumption. 3. It discourages the entry of in- dividuals into the business of speculative buying in hopes making resales to industrial con- sumers later at higher prices. Materials Covered The list of materials covered includes: Building materials Cast iron soil pipe and pressure pipe; gyp- board, lath and sheathing; men wouM "be 'used to strengthen I insulation material made of pulp; the defenses of Western Europe. insulation board which contains paper; Portland cement. Lumber and hardwood lumber (except hard- Canadian Force Expected to Be Sent to Europe OMawn Conviction grew in capital circles here today that the bulk of Canada's troops recruited for United Nations, sup- port would serve in Europe', not in Korea. These circles based their opin- ion, voiced frequently in recent months, on the Army's announce- ment last night that it had ordered home most of an advance party sent to Korea to set-up a training area for the Canadian force. These sources said the entire force still was available to General MacArthur if he wanted them, but they believed most of the One Canadian battalion, howev- plUM LUW1J3U1LT, LUC IV1U1U11LCI; .12 I" l_j. closely with Senator James er, the Princess Patricia s light in- fantry, arrived in Korea a. week St. Paul, Minn. OB D. C. Stephenson, former leader of the Indiana Ku Klux Klan who is fight- ins extradition as a parole violator. today took his case to the Minne-1 rocket ship engineers will have to 1 plan to limit the ship's speed in sola supreme court. Indiana authorities are trying to return Stephenson to that state, contending he came to Minneapolis without permission following his those altitudes so that the metal or whatever else the ship is made of will not melt from the friction of the air. WlLiiUUl. ._ _ _. j parole from the Indiana state pris-1 Even now. Dr. Thomas reported, on, where he served 25 years of a j the metal noses of high altitude life sentence for murder of Madge rockets some times get red hot m Oberholtier, Indiana statehouse this friction. Dr. Whipple explain- employe. At the time of his parole j ed that the heating will not pre- by U. N. briefs in the matter be filed. nist groups located ground patrols. i MacArthur said elements of the i Chinese Communist Third field i Tr army, consisting of the 20th, 26th J 3 AirDOrt Projects i strength after being inducted into armies and elements of] [the federal Army, the 24th, 30th and 32nd armies j Madison, Wis. State funds! Another regular Array division j were on the U. S. Tenth corps per- j for three airport projects in j will be formed in late spring or j imeter in northeast Korea in mid- j consin were released by Governor! early next summer. December. Oscar Rennebohm Wednesday. Second Armored in Texaj "The projection of Chinese Com- j Largest job will be expansion of j This, it was learned, will be an munist units to positions imir.edi- j the Outagamie county airport at j armored outfit. Currently the Ar- ately in the rear of the present Appleton. It will cost approximate-! my has only one armored division, line" of contact is based on ths as- i ]y S139.000. with the state and i the second which has been based sumption that the enemy will con- j county paying S37.000 each and the j at Camp Hood, Texas, tinue to employ these same federal government An infantry division units." MacArthur said. Fort Atkinson will buy and im- j is a self-contained fighting unit, "However, other Chinese Com- i prove a privately owned airport with supporting weapons, including munist units reportedly have cross- j for S38.675. The state and city will tanks and artillery. A regimental ed the border from Manchuria. pay a total of and the fed- While not fully confirmed, the 55th, i eral government 56th, 67th and SSth (armies) and j A new airstrip will be built at thing approaching effective strength and that was only 60 or 70 per cent of full strength, UFVlSIOnS MOW Clllpiujc. v.. i I i t At the present time, the Army i last March. Steohenson was permit- j vent rocket travel but tne speea has 11 regular divisions, plus four j ted to go to Illinois. He came to while leaving the earth must be National Guard divisions and two j Minnesota later. 1 adjusted to fit the excess heat. Guard regimental combat teams which have been brought into fed- eral service. Two more Guard di- visions will be federalized next month. All Guard units must be trained and brought up to full New Year s Holiday Mishaps to Kill 330 British Ship Brings Russian Furs to U. S. wood flooring, railroad softwood ties and plywood; of revenue were found. In some school districts there are only two farms left and those families are expected to maintain a school, with the rate more than 100 mills. It was. suggested that a possible mine woodpulp. Paper products All converted paper and board products; paper, paperboard and construction paper and board materials. Iron and steel Pig iron; gray iron castings; carbon, alloy and stainless steel products ranging from ingots to sheets, strip, rods and wire; rough forgings; iron and steel scrap. Other metals and minerals Aluminum in crude and semi- fabricated form, and scrap; anti- mony; asbestos; cadmium; cerium; chromium; cobalt; coium- bium; copper; industrjal dia- monds; lead: magnesium: man- ganese; mica; molybdenum; nickel; platinum; talc; tantalum; tin; tungsten; vanadium; ?.inc; zircon nonferrous scrap. Chemicals Benzene; carbon te- trachloride; dichlorobenzene; 'gly- Court in the foreign trade zone Cerin; methanol; methyl chloride; here yesterday. j methylene chloride; phthalic an- The newspaper said the furs re- hydride; polyethylene; styrene and portedly were to be used for lining polystyrene; titanium pigments; i for the U. S. Air Force from Rus- sia via England was unloaded from the British freighter Dorrington remedy might be to obtain distress I heavy weather clothing for the Air I tri'chloroethylene. funds from the state for the school' districts. Consolidation was men- tioned too. Also brought up was the matter j were" of skjns eight of Force. The shipment bales of raw skins. Twelve bales Miscellaneous Hog bristles, consisted of 20 j An NPA spokesman said the ban against accumulating paper and of consolidating townships. But the remedy favored by all present was the one whereby the state would pay revenue each year comparable to taxes paid into townships and school district funds when the owned. Schools are beginning to be clos- bear skins. The shipment totaled about pounds. The article said another fur ship- ment via Vancouver, B. C., is ex- pected shortly, and that a ship- ment a few weeks ago was divert- land was privately ed from Seattle to San Francisco after longshoremen here refused to handle the Russian furs. There was elements of the 37th and 44th Chi nese Communist armies are re- ported now as being in Korea, or on the move thereto." Soloa Springs in Douglas county, for The federal government will contribute S4.375 and the state and town the balance. team- is a small-sized infantry di vision, usually consisting of about men. Depending on the mis- sion assigned to it, it may include elements of infantry, artillery and armor, in varying proportions. Chicago three-day New Year's holiday week-end will take 330 lives in traffic crashes, the National Safety council estimated today. The forecast, covering imme- diate deaths occurring between 6 p.m. Friday and midnight Monday, came on the heels of one of the bloodiest Christmas holidays in history when 545 motorists or pedestrians lost their lives. Ned H. Dearborn, council president, said he hopes the tragic Christmas wfll shock the public into safer driving this week-end. He offered some suggestions to those who want to be alive in 1951; 1. Leave the car in the gar- age and use public transporta- tion, especially if you intend to drink. 2. Go on the theory that the' other fellow, driver or walker, may be woozy and allow him plenty of room. 3. Refuse to ride with a drinidng driver. 4. Double your caution in bad weather and bold down your speed. recent years throughout the area because of the increased cost of operation, of funds, and families moving VaSeattle firm under gov- away. There no word of unloading difficulty yes- i terday. Jack l The paper sajcj fllrs are con- are 18 school districts (Continued on Page 14, Column 2.) ELBA WEATHER ernment contract to supply the Air Forca. Churches Plan Peace Prayers Several hundred St. Paul paper products in excess of "rea- sonable demands" applies to news- print and other printing paper. Woman Injured In Crash Near Mondovi Dies Minneapolis, Minneapo- lis woman injured in a car crash near Mondovi, Wis., September 12 died today. Mrs. Maude A. Berdan, injured critically when her auto collided FEDERAL FORECAST JT. raui Winona and churches throughout the Northwest i head-on with another car, died at light snow early tonight, beconv; will observe President Truman's St. Barnabas hospital, Minneapolis, ing colder late tonight. Friday j caii for peace prayers by partici-! She suffered numerous fractures m partly cloudy and colder. Low j pating in the universal week of tonight 8 above in city, 5 above in prayer set for January 7-14. country. High Friday 16. The Rev. -Gerald B. Smith, St. LOCAL WEATHER sajd the prayer week is be- i Official observations for the 24 ing sponsored by the National As-1 in the _ i hours ending at 12 m. today: Ration of Evangelicals. He is i autopsy it was believed that Foster Maximum, .22; minimum, 6; j chairman of vhe board of directors suffered a heart attack just before (noon, 22; precipitation, none; sun Upper Midwest. ;the crash. His car veered across [sets tonight at sun rises to- j States planning to participate in morrow at Additional weather on 14. the accident. She was believtd to be about 65. The driver of the other car, Har- PauT said the prayer week is be- Foster, 68 Madison Wis., died