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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 28, 1948, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 265 WINQNA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 28, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES Egypt's Premier Assassinated Ice Cap Airmen Safely Rescued men who have been stranded on a frigid Greenland icecap up to three weeks were rescued today, the Air Force announced. They were picked up by a C-47 operating from an air base which is 270 miles northwest of the crash scene, the announce-' ment said. The rescue came as the U.S.S. Saipan drove northward through] the storm-swept Atlantic in an effort to reach the men with helicopters. The Navy carrier sailed 1 rom. unsuccessful rescue operations. Ruhr Control Authority Set Norfolk, Va., on Christmas day. The Air Force said it had been The rescuing C-47, which had Jet- assist takeoff equipment and slds, in error in previous on the crusted snow at that 13 men were stranded on thej ice peak. It had assumed, it said, that two men were aboard a glider which made the last previous rescue at- tempt, when in reality only one man men when were their a. m., loaded the men aboard, and took off at a. m. Air Force officials said, however, that If the men are In good condi- tion, they may remain at Blule West Eight until they can be returned to Bluie West One. All of them were stationed there, Allies Hope To Bar Its Use for War Russia Omitted As Partner by Western Powers By Alex Singleton London The western pow- ers set up today a strict Interna- tional control system to bar Ger- was aboard. Seven stranded December 9 plane was forced down. Five others'and flve of them have their industrial Ruhr valley from Joined them from time to time in'at that base. jwar The Ruhr was ordered to produce! solely for peace. Their decision was announced In a formal communique as the climax of a six-week conference liere at- tended by representatives of the United States, Britain, France, the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxem- bourg. It contained no admission of Rus- sia as a partner In the International control board to be known as the 'Ruhr Authority.' The agreement offered Germany a place on the board as soon as It i ruman Won't Name Russians He Says Want World Peace By Ernest B. Vaccaro Kansas Truman declined to elaborate to- day on his disclosure that "certain leaders" behind the Russian Iron curtain are anxious to end the "cold war." Presidential press Secretary Charles G. Ross told reporters Mr. Truman does not intend to name the men within the Soviet gov- ernment advocating an "understanding" with the United States. The President's surprise revelation In a luncheon speech yesterday and his new Indictment of the Russian government for blocking peace ef- forts spawned widespread specula- tion as to whether it heralded new moves on the diplomatic front. Ross said the President told him he had nothing to add to his off- the-cufl luncheon address before approximately 200 Missourians gath- ered to honor Eddie Jacobson, form- er partner of Mr. Truman In a haberdashery store. The press secretary would not answer inquiries as to whether there was any information indicating a (Continued on 14, Co'umn 4.) TRUMAN WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity: Cloudy, some freezing rain early tonight. Clear- ing and becoming colder after mid- night. 'Wednesday fair and a little colder. Low tonight 22; high Wed- nesday 28. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m, today: Maximum, 35; minimum, 21; noon, 32; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 14. develops a legal government. It set up an international system of Inspection the framework of an industrial police to keep the Ruhr from becoming once again a war-making industrial machine as it did under Hitler and Kaiser j Wilhelm. Concession to France It left unsettled the dynamlte- Taden question of ultimate owner- ship of the Ruhr's industries a plain concession to France. The French want International ownership. Britain prefers German public ownership. The United States favors private enterprise. The agreement was for an inde- finite term. This, too, was a concession to the French often the victim of Ger- man aggression who argued that Germany's Industrial might' was developed in the coal, coke and steel (Continued on Page 10, Column 3.) STUDENT ASSAILANT ARRESTED The Cupola, center, of a south side Chicago apartment building leans precariously, as section of wall, to right of cupola, collapses during early morning flre today. The blaze left many homeless; four flre- men were Injured fighting the fire. (AP. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Seven Quakes Man Killed CL i n r-i Snake Reno, City 7 Council Quits RUHR A Youthful ear-muffed companion, 11-year-old Davle Kohlman, left, trudges along through the slush and snow with President Truman at Independence, Mo., as the chief executive takes his morning walk. The President is flanked by newsmen and members of his Secret Service staff. Heavily overcast skies made the setting appear as night in the morning light. (AJP. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Reno, Nev. Seven earth- quakes hit Reno within four and a half hours last third one causing "a good deal of Jiggling" in Reno's 42-year-old city hall and bringing prompt adjournment of a city council session. There were no reports of damage. Frank McCulloch, city hall re- porter covering the council session for the Reno Gazette, said the "jig- gling" shock was accompanied by; a slight rumble. At least two of the earlier tremors were "relatively he reported. The second of the series "made our whole house creak, caused cap. dies on our dinner table to swaj violently, and almost upset our Christmas he related. The first noticeable tremor swung chan- Ideliers and rattled doors and win- dows. Sumner Welles' Condition Better Washington The con- dition of Sumner Welles, former under secretary of state, was called satisfactory today, bar- ring complications that could cost him some 'of his fingers and toes. Welles was found unconscious In a frozen field about a mile from his Oxon Hill, Md., home early Sunday morning. Police, who earlier had planned to question him, dropped the case last night. They said Mrs. Welles told them she is satisfied that there was no foul play. Friends believe that the 56- year-old former diplomat may have suffered a heart attack or a bad fall during a late- night walk seeking relief from insomnia. He Is being treated in Casual- ty hospital here .for shock and exposure. fingers and toes were frozen. A medical bulletin last night said his condition continued "satisfactory" with the "chief hazard possible complica- tions from exposure." Minneapolis One man was killed and seven were injured to- day in a gas explosion at 39th street and Cedar avenue. The men, members of a Minne- apolis gas company work crew, were tapping a gas main at the time of Actress Wife of Elliott Roosevelt Slashes Wrist Fonghfceepsie, N. Y. Paye Emerson Roosevelt, beautiful actress Slaying Believed Linked With Crackdown on Group Cairo Prime Minister Man- mound Fahmy Nokrashy Pasha was assassinated this morning. Police said he was shot by a student disguised as a police offi- cer. They declared the assassin was a member of the Moslem brother- hood association, a nationalist group recently outlawed by the prime min- ister. The slaying occurred in the min- 'istry of interior where the prime minister was on the way to his office. Witnesses said the assassin fired five times at Nokrashy Pasha and 'then tried to shoot himself. The prime minister died five minutes later without uttering a word. Other persons in the building at the time said the assailant ap- proached Nokrashy Pasha and shook hands with him before draw- ing the gun. Killer Arrested The killer was arrested imme- diately. In outlawing the Moslem brother- hood, the prime minister charged the group with responsibility for vio- lence which caused several deaths. The order followed a series of ex- plosions in Cairo business estab- lishments. Nokrashy Pasha had been prime minister most of the time since the end of World War II. Last year he went to the United Nations ses- sion in New York to plead Egypt's case for evacuation of British troops wife of Elliott Roosevelt, slashed the" Wast. "The explosion occurredjher left wrist with a razor early as a streetcar passed, causing con-j Sunday in the couple's Hyde Park Jecture as to whether trolley Sheriff C. Fred CJose said sparks may have touched It off. The dead man was Melker Smith, 62. Among those Injured and taken to Lutheran Deaconess hospital were: Raymond Nohner, John Ondlch, Charles Prokofieff, John Bucko, Harry Boyd and Hopkins ther. and William Young. All suffered last night. The sheriff quoted Dr. H. Sher- man Hirst, who treated the 31-year- old Mrs. Roosevelt, as saying he un- derstood the wound was self-in- flicted and that she had to be re- strained from injuring herself fur- by tele- aoju iiiJUAjr from an accident. Fall Down is nothing to he added. Of Elevator cut was described as superficial. It requires no stitches. Delores treating the blond actress, 18, was injured fatally yesterday when she fell down an elevator Hirst sent her to Vassar Brothers hospital here where she spent at the J. Greenbaum Tanning night under observation. She pany where she was employed released at noon yesterday. drive a gasoline informed of Roosevelt's The county medical examiner that the wound was in- Miss Becker's buggy started up accidentally, the sheriff expectedly after she had driven It a freight elevator. The motion can't help what Elliott says. ed her backward and she Is what Dr. Hirst told Deputy through an opening between the! Sheriff (Hugh) Brennan. elevator and the elevator Is my Impression that the She plunged 14 feet to the was deliberate and I am 1 of the Elliott Roosevelt to appear Miss Becker suffered a skull the district attorney's office ;ure and died three hours later at morning at 10 o'clock further details." Miami-Bound Air Liner With 28 Aboard Missing Miami, Fla. A charter plane was made by overseas plane with 28 persons on board at New Orleans at a. m. j missing today on a flight from plane at that time gave itsj-j position as 50 miles south of Miami. I j Juan, Puerto Rico, to Miami. San Juan at p. m great aerial search was under the craft was due in MI- t The plane, a twin-engined about a. m. i charter craft, carried a crew missing plane is owned by hree and 25 passengers. It was Knight of Miami, but was op- i han five hours overdue at a. under lease to Airborne i Its fuel supply was Inc., a New York charter hausted about a. Knight said he had nothing The Coast Guard air-sea do with the operation of the E service said the last contact craft. 5; Co Id War to Cost 21 Billions Next Year {Editor's Note: "How much does OUT foreign policy cost and why? John 31. Hightower, Associated Press diplomatic reporter, undertakes to answer that queston in a series of three stories. The first one, which follows, discusses basic cold war strategy and the over-all cost. Tomorrow's story will deal loith probably heavy new foreign military spending by the United States. On Thursday Hightower will discuss the effect of this country's foreign policy on the domestic economy, in- cluding the possibility of a return to rationing and other controls.) By John M. Hightower, Associated Press Diplomatic Reporter cost of the cold wUr is heading up- ward by about next year to a total of around That total is the minimum sum President Truman is ex- pected to recommend to Congress next month for financing American foreign policy. It includes predictable expenditures for this country's "security own Army, Navy and Air all kinds ol foreign aid. For the American taxpayer, the demands on his pocket- book would be far less were it not for the conflict with Russia. On the other hand, if the cold hot in China and bursts into flame elsewhere, even these figures would go tip astronomically. According to the most reliable estimates now available from official sources, foreign policy financing will make up approp- riately half of Mr. Truman's billion budget for the year beginning next July 1. Comparable costs in the present fiscal year will amount to around barring any sudden change in the world situation. All these figures are approximate since the China aid pro- gram is still a question" mark, and the cost of military aid to western Europe can only be guessed now. The figures are based, however, on such facts as these: The United States military establishment (land, sea and air) is costing about this fiscal year. It will cost in actual cash outlays about year. The United States is spending about for relief and help to the civilian populations in Germany-, Japan and other Army-occupied areas this year. Taken altogether the American military program amounts to approximately twice the cost of all other foreign policy spending. A total of this year will cover European recov- ery, Greek-Turkish civilian and military aid, relief in occupied countries, China military and civilian aid, and a variety of lesser expenditures. Next year the actual outlay of cash for European recovery will rise by several hundred million dollars and a billion or (Continued on rift 1, Colomn 5.) COLD WAR