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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 27, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Not So Cold Tonight And Thursday The Proof of FM Superiority Is In the Listening VOLUME 50, NO. 264 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WEDNESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 27, 1950 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FOURTEEN PAGES State Law Enforcement Unit Urged Lorenz Aggeni, left, and Edward Dethke try out their skis on State street in downtown Chicago dur- ing the height of a snowstorm. They were en route to a railroad station for a trip to ski grounds the Indiana dunes when they decided skiing was easier than walking. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald.) AIM TO STAY' New General Reassures Koreans of U.N. Support TODAY- Acheson Ouster Forecast By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington No experienced observer of Congress can any long- er doubt that a major turning point is fast approaching. The mounting neurosis of the senators and representatives was all too clearly disclosed in the squalid cir- cumstances of the Republican vote on Secretary of State Dean G. Acheson. If this mood is not im- mediately dispelled, an actual ma- jority will be converted to the pol icy of scuttle-and-run of former President Herbert Hoover, or even to the adject program of surrender of Joseph P. Kennedy. Unjust as this must seem to any- one who knows his real record, the rapid retirement of Secretary Acheson is the only cure in sight. In the present circumstances, when the survival of this nation and of freedom in the world hang upou the outcome, the misfortune of the individual cannot be considered. Nor is it defensible, when the stakes are so great, for any man to take the purely personal view that he "will not quit under fire." Trouble for Successor Only one question thus remains to be answered, in the controver- sy about Acheson that ranges in the White House and everywhere else in the administration. This is the question, whether the President is right in repeatedly asserting that there is no use replacing Ache- son, because anyone who follows Acheson and advocates the same policy will get into the fame trou- ble. This is the final argument, the clincher, as it were, that Tru- man uses to answer the innumer able Democratic leaders and high officials who press for a change at the State department. There is a simple way to .see the complete falseness of the Pres- ident's argument. Imagine the po- litical situation that would now ex- ist, if Truman had done everything that obviously needed to be done about foreign and defense policy ic the past two crucial years. By November, Soviet war preparations already visibly threatened world peace. But the President rejected the late James V, Forrestal's rearmament budget, brought in Louis A. Johnson, and made a hollow mockery of the whole Forrestal-Lovett program for Western' strength, typified by the Atlantic pact. Again, in Sep- tember, 1949, the explosion of the Soviet atomic bomb obviously de- manded most urgent consideration of measures to maintain a safe world power balance. But the President soothingly claimed that (Continued on Page 8, Column 5.) ALSOPS I By Olen Clements Tokyo United Nations forces beat back light Communist attacks today but the Reds still held off their threatened second in- vasion of South Korea. The new Allied field commander in Korea set the motto for his troops. Lieutenant General Mat- thew B, Ridgway met President Syngman Rhee for the first time and said: "I aim to stay." His remark, coupled with ployment Of the U. S. 10th corps in southeast Korea and regrouping of U. S. Eighth army troops all along the 150-mile bor- der, gave mounting indication that the Allies' intend to make a strong fight for the republic. Chinese and Red Korean patrols probsd restlessly for soft spots along the 250-mile border. This is a customary Communist prelude to battle. Await Massed Attack Military sources said the Reds when they hit likely will throw massed thousands into battle as they did in North Korea. There they crushed by sheer weight of numbers an Allied offensive and turned the U. S. Eighth army back down the road into South Korea. Now the Eighth army, includ- ing its British, South Korean and other units, is strung along the mountainous defensive terrain fronting the parallel 38 border. Sharp valleys and broken moun- tain terrain stretch along the bor- der. Before the war erupted, both Vorth and South Koreans maintain- ed strong defensive positions there. Military sources in Tokyo said Allied troops can command all ap preaches to South Korea. The said it was unlikely that any siz" able force of Chinese or Red Ko reans could launch a southward drive without being hit hard. Reds Build Up Forces The Reds pushed their buildup of power in central North Korea springboard for the offensive whicl General MacArthur's headquarters has said for the past several days is imminent. Allied troops Wednesday beat back light probing attacks north east of Chunchon, in the center 01 the peninsula. The Eighth army reported Chi- nese Reds massing north am northwest of Seoul, the South Ko- rean capital. Allied airplanes hammered at the Lt. Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway New Security Rules for Port, Ship Workers Coast Guard Aims To Screen Reds By New Edict By Charles Molony Washington The Coast Guard today laid down new port and ship security rules designed to screen subversives from the ranks of the nation's maritime workers. The security regulations were ordered into immediate effect by Coast Guard Commandant Merlin O'Neill. He acted in the face of a strike threat at West coast ports, the embarkation point for men and supplies to Korea. Heads of two unions both e: pelled from the C.I.O. this ye: on charges of following the Com munist party program threa ened a strike at Coast Guard heal ings here a month Ego unless th then-proposed regulations wer changed to suit them. The final regulations put out b Admiral O'Neill differ in many re spects from the initial proposals but whether the changes go fa enough to loll the danger of strike could not be determined im mediately. Threatening The strike-threatening u n i o leads were Harry Bridges of th International Long Shoremen and Warehousemen's ur on (I.L.W.U.) and Hugh Bryson Jr., of the Marin 3ooks and Stewards union Both unions are chief y active on the West coast. Bridges and Bryson centerec much of their fire on a proposa o empower the Coast Guard to leny any worker the "securit; ard" to be required for employ ment on U. S. vessels or water front facilities. This would have allowed denia f a card to a worker: "When reasonable grounds are ound to warrant the belief that uch person is affiliated with, or ympathetic to, any organization group or combination of person; ubversive or disloyal to the gov- rnnsent of the United States." That provision was rewritten ex- ensively in the wake of arguments by the two union chiefs that such harges are top vague and no man ould defend himself against them, contended that security card enials should apply only to per- ons convicted of or proved to be for spying or sabotage. As put into effect by O'Neill, the provision now reads that the Continued on Page 9, Column 7.) NEW SECURITY Communist gathering close behind the front lines. The Far East Air (Continued on Page 8, Column 6.) KOREA WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Increas- ing cloudiness, with slight rise in temperature tonight and Thursday. Some drifting with increasing winds. Low tonight zero, high Thursday 18. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 tours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 8; minimum, soon, 6; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Army Calls Junior Officers Array has dipped into National Guard and Organized Reserve units for the first time to order individual junior officers to duty in March. And the Navy has stowed away plans for releasing Reservists next summer. Those two actions were announced yesterday as the Army also disclosed: 1. It will call up (it didn't say when) 100 Women's Army Corps lieutenants and captains. 2. It is ordering to active service 890 additional medical officers; 850 dental officers; and 415 medica service corps officers. These wil report in two groups, February 5 and March 15. The Army said the Guard and Reserve lieutenants and cap- tains will report between March 1 and March 22. It is the first time the Army has reached into the National Guard and Organized Reserve units for individual of- ficers since the Korean crisis be- gan. The announcement said the num- ber of officers called from units will be small and that they will not De called up until officer material from four other sources has been exhausted. The Navy announced last No- t'ember 1 that enlisted Reservists recalled involuntarily would be re- leased at the rate of a month and Reserve officers at the rate of a month beginning next July. A Navy spokesman said yester- Jay that plan has been abandoned, le told a reporter the Navy does not know when or how many Re- ;ervists will be released. Naval Re- erve call-up plans have not chang- ed, he said. Before plucking individual offi- :ers from Guard and organized Re- erve units, the Army said, all sible of the officer quota will be taken from: 1. The National Guard and Or- ganized Reserve volunteers. 2. Organized Reserve officers (Continued on Page 9, Column 5.) ARMY Oilman Silent On Daughter's Wedding Report Houston, Texas The fam- ilies of Wealthy Oilman Glenn Mc- Carthy and Rice Football Player George Pontikes refused to com- ment on reports McCarthy's teen- age daughter and young Pontikes had been married. Justice of the Peace Nash Oliver of Waco said he married Miss Lee McCarthy and George Pontikes on December 2, several hours after the Rice-Baylor football game. Pontikes said "no" Sunday night when asked if he was married to Glenna Lee McCarthy. He is the son of Angelos K. Pontikes, who has a shoe repair shop here. Justice Oliver said he married the couple after they had signed an affidavit that Miss McCarthy was over 18 and that Pontikes was 19. The justice said the elder Pon- tikes signed the affidavit also, giv- ing parental consent for his son's marriage. Mrs. Angelos Pontikes said last night she could not comment "now" on reports of her son's mar- riage to the'daughter of the mil- lionaire. Red China Aims At Army in 1951 By Stanley Rich Hong Kong Communist China, with her vast reservoir of manpower, may have a fighting force of men by the enc of 1951. That seems a fair estimate on less something unexpected happen to the plans for Red China's war machine. New additions to the Communists luge army are reported daily, Bu t is becoming increasingly diffi cult to keep track of mobilization statistics. Available figures and curren news dispatches give this size-up of Red China forces, actual and potential: She now has a regular army of men. Irregulars "Irregular" forces are under- Little Hoover Commission Makes Report Other Changes En State Government Recommended stood to number another Hany of these "irregulars" are being shaped into fighting form. The Chinese Communists' total nobilization it con- tinues at its indicated ex- acted to add another in he coming year. The Reds announced their mobil- :ation campaign December 12. 'eiping called for all workers and tudents to enter military training chools. They should prepare themselves, le Peiping government declared, or keeping "the dirty swines' lips rom sticking into the fence of our eautiful garden." Such expres- ions are common in the Chinese ieds' "hate America" campaign. Enroll Student Volunteer! Incomplete official figures dis- lose an enrollment of student volunteers" in the three- week period. It is probably safe to presume lat enlistment from the ranks of abor, which heavily outnumber hina's students, is at least equally s high. A Nanking dispatch by the offi- .al New China news agency yes- erday .said "young 1 recent graduates of the Com- unists' East China military and olitical university, are to be as- gned soon to the army, navy and IT force. It added that another stu- ent volunteers at Shanghai had nswered the government's call to rms" by December 23. What To Do If you must go outside in cold weather like this: Dress warmly and be active. These North Western section men had no trouble keeping warm. Republican-Herald photo 24 Below Lowest Since The mercury dropped down to 24 degrees below zero over Tuesday coldest reading since January 22, 1936. The coldest official weather in 15 years was recorded in the wee hours of the morning, and by sunrise the mercury was on the way backup At 8 o'clock it was 22 below zero, and by noon it was six above. IB Above Thursday The Weather bureau predicts a low of zero tonight and a high of 18 above Thursday, Drifting snow is expected tonight. The 24 below reading here was mild in comparison with the cold indications in some other commun- ities. An early-morning traveler from Dodge, Wis., said it was 35 below there. The extreme cold was centered in southern Minnesota, western Wisconsin and northern stead of northern Minnesota, as is the usual situation. Minnesota's cold spot was Aus- :in, with 33 degrees below zero Rochester reported 31 below, Red- wood Falls 26 below, St. Cloud 25 jelow, Albert Lea 23 below and he Twin Cities 20 below. In relative contrast, Bemidji had 16 below and Duluth 14 below. La Crone 20 Below In Wisconsin, Lone Rock, south and east of here, reported 34 be- ow, Darling 33 below, Eau Claire 27 below, Madison 21 below, La ?rosse 20 below and Milwaukee 11 >elow. In Iowa, Decorah reported 35 be- ow and Mason City 23 below. But it was cold in other places oo. The ten below reading in Chi- ago was the coldest December day ince 1924. It was 14 below at tolumbus, Ohio, and 12 above in New York city. As a matter of fact, the cold cov- ered all parts of the country east of the Rockies to the Atlantic sea- board. But in Denver, which is in the Rockies, homeowners were advised (Continued on Pagt 9, Column 4.) 24 BELOW 80 Passengers Escape Injury In Derailment Hamilton, empty :ars and a box car of a Cincinnati- o-Chicago passenger train were derailed about a mile north of Somerville (Butler county) early this morning, but no passengers were reported hurt. The Pennsylvania railroad at Cincinnati identified the train as No. 237 and said the empty cars were lying across the track. Thir- teen other cars and the locomotive stayed upright, the system report- ed. Deputy Sheriff, Louis Fritz of Butler county estimated that some 80 to 100 passengers were aboard. the derailment, cause of which was unexplained, occurred about a. m. Fritz said the box car plunged off the track and landed in a creek. Passengers aboard the train were transferred to another train, he sidded. This is a 25-Cenr Week Since no paper was published Monday, Christmas day, the Republican-Herald carriers will collect for only five days or 25 cents this weekend from all subscribers receiving their papers by carrier. St. Paul Creation of a de- partment of law to take over jaw enforcement activities now scatter- ed among several state depart- ments is recommended in the re- port of the Minnesota Little Hoover commission, it was learned last night. The 19 member commission, for- mally known as the "Efficiency in Government Commission" was ap- pointed under a resolution adopted by the 1949 legislature. It was dir- ected to study all state depart- ments and divisions and make rec- ommendations aimed at eliminat- ing over-lapping and inefficiency to save money. The commission members said that if all the changes recommend- ed were put into effect, that there would be a net saving to taxpayers of not less than a year. The major items would be savings Of in equalization aids for schools, and through tightening up laws which provide that relatives must support in state institutions. Duties Outlined The new law department would take over investigatory and liquor control functions of the liquor con- trol commissioner, the arson in- vestigation functions of the state fire marshal, duties of the athletic commission, and enforcement of the fair trades practices law, which is now the duty of the de- partment of business research and development. Other highlight recommenda- tions: Establishment of a welfare de- partment to take over the work of the divisions of social welfare and public institutions, the youth, conservation commission, the sol- diers home board, the board of parole and relief activities of the department of veterans affairs. Urge Revenue Department Assignment of treasury duties and custody of state funds to the department of administration. Pre- auditing and all general account- ing activities now performed by the public examiner aiso would be moved to the department of ad- ministration. The commission also recommends establishment of a de- partment of post auditor to place control of expenditures of state funds with the legislature. Creation of a department of rev- enue. It would take over all major tax collection functions including auto licenses (now under the sec- retary of insurance taxes (now under insurance commission- sale of liquor stamps (now un- der the state and han- dling airplane licenses (now under the aeronautics Discontinuance of dedicated funds "because they are incon- sistent with a sound government tax policy." Transfer of powers and duties of the state railroad and warehouse commission to the department of When Water Bolls, stram rises from it. "Steam" was rising this morning from, the open water below the Mississippi river bridge. However, it probably not was boiling, according to The Republican- Herald photographer. commerce, which would have a new, single head over the present three members. The commission now is made up of commissioners of banking, insurance, and secur- ities. Functions of the business re- search department, the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Tidewater commission, the Upper Mississippi- St. Croix Improvement association, the Iron Range Resources com- mission and the department of aeronautics would be given to the commerce department. Double Highway Petrol Double the size of the highway patrol and extend its jurisdiction to all roads in the state. Increase drivers' license fees enough to finance the highway patrol and the drivers' license division. Transfer the job of issuing chauffeurs' li- censes to the highway department from the secretary of state. Substitute a nine-member board appointed by the legislature for the present state board of educa- tion of five members appointed by the governor. Transfer to the de- partment of education duties of the teachers college board. Set up a department of labor and industry, headed by a com- missioner appointed by the gov- ernor in place of the present three man industrial commission. Trans- fer the Division of employment and security from the division of social welfare to the new depart- ment. consolidate and reor- ganize all state health and sanitary inspection activities in the depart- ment of agriculture to improve the service, reduce the cost and elimi- nate all unnecessary overlapping and duplication. The formal report is to be sub- mitted to the legislature which convenes January 2. ;