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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 27, 1949, Winona, Minnesota SNOW TONIGHT, COLDER WEDNESDAY VOLUME 49, NO. 264 WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 27, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WATCH THIS PAPER FOR FAN TWENTY PAGES TODAY- Truman Maps Plans For 1950 By-Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington The legislative strategy that President Truman has brought back from Key West has two strikingly Interesting fea- tures. It is, first of all, a strat- egy based upon the rigidity, not to say stupidity, of the Republicans. And second. It is aimed, not to! pass any great program in the closing session of the1 81st Con-] gress, but to gain for the White House unchallenged control of the 82nd Congress. In essence, the President means to present himself as the fighting champion of three great voting groups, and to make the Republi- cans seem to be the enemies of these groups. The three -voting labor, the farm- ers and the then ex- pected to evince their gratitude to the administration, and their dis- pleasure with the Republicans, at the polls next November. And all this is to be accomplished without the passage of any legislation whatever. The instruments of this political miracle are of course to be the re- peal of the Taft-Hartley act, the civil rights program, and the farm plan of Secretary of Agriculture Brannan. The President will strongly insist upon all three, in his forthcoming message on the state of the union. THE CONGRESS, still dominat- ed by the Republican-Southern Democratic coalition, will then re- fuse to take action on any of these great measures. (Nothing could upset the White House more, In- deed, than for the lawmakers to bow to the presidential will at this Holiday Deaths Pass 550 Mark M. H. White Now Sole Owner of Republican-Herald Through a stock purchase consummated today, M. H. White, pub- lisher of The Winona, Republican-Herald; became sole owner of this 94-year-old newspaper. Mr. White has purchased the interests held by Mr. and Mrs. H. R. Wlecking of St. Paul, formerly of Winona. Crackdown On U.S. Tax Evaders Urged Washington Congress may call for a crackdown on tax evad ers and close some tax law "loop holes" before it considers any leg- islation to raise tax rates on in- dividuals or corporations. Representative Forand imember of the tax framing House ways and means committee, today Mrs. Wiecklng is the former Marian White, sister of Mr. White. The White family entered the newspaper field in Winona In 1903 when H. G. White, father of Mrs. Wiecking and M. H. White, became one of the owners of The Morning Independent which had been estab- lished in 1898. On May 29, 1919, the publishers of the Independent, H. G. White and F. J. Rucker, acquired The Republican-Herald and suspended told newsmen: "If every tax legally owed the government were collected, I be- lieve the budget could be balanced without resorting to any tax in- creases." Treasury and congressional tax UIJW LU LLIC wuiu the workers and the Negroes to the Democratic cause. It Is quite openly admitted that the President will only renew his demand for repeal of the Taft- Hartley act as a mere matter of form. In fact, administration tacti- cians do not want the Senate and House to become embroiled In a long effort to write a substitute labor law, which the President will veto In any case. The labor groups themselves are resigned to waiting out this session, and then getting the hated statute expunged from the books, and an entirely new law written, in 1951. As lor the civil rights program, the position is a. bit more compll- a.year by tax eva- sion and by the so-called loopholes. These permit some taxpayers to work the tax laws In a manner to trim-down their tax obligations. If that amount were collected it would Just about cover what the government needs to balance the budget. Meanwhile, Republicans on Cap- itol-hill Blaze Wrecks Theater at Spring Grove Patrons File Out As Smoke Billows From Basement Sprinf Grove, Interior of the Spring Grove theater! wrecked by fire Monday night! in the worst blaze this community j has had sines the high school burn- ed down some 25 years ago. Discovered about p. m. yes- terday, just after the boxofflce had opened for the evening show, the Downtown Blair Threatened As Fire Ruins Store publication of the morning news- paper. The Republican-Herald, fire spread from the basement and burned the newly-remodeled struc- ture. the pioneer newspapers About ten patrons had purchased 'tickets when smoke was noticed) one oljcurling up from beneath the seats. In the I one of the theatergoers ran outj Northwest and second oldest dailyjto the lobby and told Doris Oakes, in Minnesota, was established No- vember 20, 1855. At that time it was known only as The Repub- lican but in 1901 it absorbed the old Winona Herald which had been founded In 1869. Spring Grove, popcorn and candy counter salesgirl, who alarm. The people walked calmly out ofj the building as It rapidly fijled with j heavy smoke. Garland Mr. Rucker sold his interests In relief The Republican-Herald to H. G. Wliite in 1926 and the latter con- tinued as editor and publisher un- til his death in March, 1934. M. H. White, meanwhile, had started his newspaper career as a carrier boy for The Independent. until his enlistment in the Navy in April, 1917. At the end of the war he resumed his education at Winona High school and the University of Minnesota until 1923 when he join- ed the staff of The Republican- Herald. He served In various capacities 1st, came down from his booth. The movie had not started. Relief Attendant Mrs. Walter Akre, relief boxofflce attendant, was also on duty when the fire broke out. Mr. and Mrs. Sig Bergsrud, regularly in charge of the theater, had the day off, !In a short time after the Spring Grove fire department arrived, dense clouds of smoke prevented at- tempts to enter the basement. Flames spread to the wooden joists and flooring within the brick structure on the town's main street. Within three hours, the entire In- side had been burned out with gap- ing holes in the floor. Only the until his appointment as business projection booth flreproofed manager in 1931, which position he1 up for battle against any proposal fle President Truman may make for _ Mr White, whc> ILveaat WWes tax increases. Representative Joseph W, Mar- tin, Jr., the House G.O.P. leader, issued a formal statement saying he expects the President to pro- remained undamaged. An remodeling project had just been completed this fall, at which time a new front was erected, a wood paneled lobby installed, new Sanborn street, Is married and has candy counter added and new lights one son, William F. White, who installed. j he became publisher. U1C UU31HVH UAU iHUiti i 1.11 cated. Some of the White House's pose a multibillion dollar tax-Jiik- allies on the left, particularly in the ranks of labor, would prefer the less controversial antlpoll tax bill to be given first priority. THIS IS BECAUSE an increas- ing number of southern members of Congress, especially in the House, are voting for the Fair Deal on labor legislations, for In- stance, the astonishingly high pro- portion of almost half of the South- ern representatives had good rec- ords at the last session, by the C.I.O. count. It Is desired to en- courage this trend, which will nat- urally be reversed by another Vio- lent civil rights fight. None tne less, the temptation to press the exceedingly controversial fair employment practices act now appear to be almost irresistible. Among the Northern Negro voters, this Is the real shibboleth. At the White House, they will tell you that the Negro Democratic vote in each of the key states that gave Truman the election ex- ceeded the majority by which he won in those states. Senator Rob- ert A. Taft and other leading Republicans are on record against FEPC and making FEPC the issue Is the easiest way to pin the Dixiecrat label on these Re- publicans, who are already some- what compromised by the Wher- ry-Russell alliance of last session. Pressing FEPC will of course lend to nothing but an interminable Senate filibuster, but that does not matter. FINALLY, on the Brannan farm plan, the administration apparent- ly means to take the offensive in the most decisive way possible. A direct attack will be made upon the Farm Bureau federation, the farm group which has led the op- position to the Brannan plan. The Republican-tinged Farm Bu- reau, dominated from the first by the large farmers, has long enjoy- ed an extraordinary privilege. The Farm Bureau by law nominated the county agents who represent the Agriculture department in ev- ery rural county in America. President Truman will now ask for the abrogation of the Farm Bu- reau privilege, quite reasonably arguing that It Is too much like letting the C.I.O. name local of- ficials of the Labor department. Here again, the President Is un- likely to win this round, but that does'not worry the White House. There is, In truth, only one ques- tion still open about the validity of the White House strategy. Will it really rally the large voting groups at which it is aimed? If Dr. Gallup's poll has regained any reliability, the President's hopes nre certainly well-founded. A re- cent test showed that immense ma- jorities of every voting group ex- cept the business and professional class are now convinced that the Democrats are their champions and the Republicans are their ene- mies. And if this is already true, the President has only to strength- en these voters' conviction, and the Republicans will have a very hard time indeed. jag program "so that the adminis- tration can proceed with its extrav- agant and illiberal plan to social- ize America." 'A tax increase at this he said, "would have a depressive effect on economic conditions gen- erally and might precipitate the country into a tail spin which would cost millions of workers their jobs." He predicted defeat for any tax- upping bill. Martin renewed his plea for a slash of around to a year in the war-im- posed excise rates on such things as furs, jewelry, luggage, commu- nications and transportation. Such legislation now is backed by a sub- ias been a member, of the re- portorial staff since his graduation from the school of journalism at the University of Minnesota last June. No changes in personnel of the newspaper are planned, said Mr. White. Democrats Plan Middle-Income Housing Drive Washington Democratic Heating System At that time a new heating sys- tem of coal-burning hot air was put in. It is believed the fire orig- inated In the theater's heating sys- tem. All the 250 seats were destroyed by the blaze, representing a loss of at least Total loss, however, has not been estimated. Mrs. C. D. Mersereau, Minneapolis, owner of the theater since 1940, was en route to Spring Grove this morning. Flames were confined to the theater itself, and did not spread to the hardware and dry goods stores located on either side of the owned by Mrs. Matilda jBersing and Helmer Benrud at plan to push for action by and Democrats. Mr. Truman has said studies are being made to see; if the excises can be reduced. Nationalists to Cut Size of Government Taipeh, Formosa Official! sources said today China's Nation- session begins January 3. alist government will be peeled 1933, the theater had a small stage, one center aisle and no balcony. Restrooms and heating plant were in the basement. Worst Since 1924 Clarence Ike said this a.m. Sunday. Grocery Store The fire broke out in the gro- cery store' operated by Wendell Galster and spread to the second floor apartment occupied by Mrs. to Congress. Mr. Truman reportedly will set forth the general objectives of the morning that last night's blaze was Berslng and her son, Phillip. worst to hlt here Since about Botn BerslnS and her S0n> when the high school was de- however, were visiting relatives program in the State of the Unionimen on message he sends to the lawmak- a day or two after the new jstroyed. Crews from nearby Caledonia helped fight the fire with local fire- about 4 a. m. down to six essential ministries shortly. These sources said the ministries would be foreign affairs, finance, communications, national defense, a commission on Chinese overseas affairs would function. Senate sources who have been consulted by the White House said a preliminary draft of legisla- tion already has been completed. They said the bill Is being keyed to spur the building of homes by education and Interior. In addition private industry at a price which Flames ate big holes in the thea- ter's floor at the center of the build- ing. The new tile front was not damaged by fire, although a small during the holidays and were not at home. Making rapid headway, flames roared through the first floor, de- stroying all merchandise and rec- ords. Galster had just taken over ownership of the business in July. Unable to find living quarters chopped "at one' place r to Here had been making his home m Taylor. About half an hour be- eet at the btee Mr. Bergsrud has worked at the the fire was discovered Gal- theater since it was opened le'ster had driven to Blair to fix the years ago. He and his wife have [stove m his store and had return- families of moderate income can operated it together the past nine ed home: iafford. years. Two-Foot Opening The 50 by 30 foot building, of brick veneer, has an alley on one side and is separated from the Bluske Corner store on the other by a two-foot opening. This opening, plus tin siding on the Bluske building, is believed to have prevented the fire from spreading. When firemen arrived, the blaze had made such headway they con- centrated their efforts almost en- tirely on saving near-by structures, since within the Galster store the fire was out of control. and water damage was (Contained on Page 9, Column FIKE WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS and vicinity Mostly cloudy tonight with occasional light clearing toward morning; 14 in Minnesota Dead in Mishaps; 9 in Wisconsin Fire Claims Many Over Weekend; Girl Chokes on Candy By The Associated Press Black crepe replaced the green holy in the homes of more than 550 persons killed in violent acci- dents across the nation over the extended Christmas holiday. This included 14 accidental deaths In Minnesota and nine in Wisconsin. Nearly 400 of the deaths resulted from traffic accidents. The traffic toll 397 was under the esti- mated 435 made by the national safety council for the period from, 6 p.m. last Friday to midnight Monday. But the total soared far above 500 with other violent deaths. Six- ty-five persons were killed in fires and 92 others lost their lives in accidents of miscellaneous causes. These Included shootings, falls, electrocutions, plane crashes, ex- posure and asphyxiation. Tragedy came to many homes in place of Santa Claus. A mother md her six children perished in a. fire which swept their small lome in San Antonio, Texas. Anoth- er Texas family of five was wip- ed out in an automobile gasoline .ruck accident. Texas led the nation with 55 vio- lent deaths. There were many simple little tragedies. Girl Chokes to Death A two-year-old girl in east St. Louis, HI., choked to death on Christinas candy. In Clearwater. Fla., a 12-year-old boy riding a bicycle collided with an automo- bile and was killed. The driver of the car, enacting the role of Santa Claus, was driving to Largo, Fla.r to distribute Christmas gifts to needy children. A 14-year-old boy In Martinton, HI., was fatally shot by his teen-age brother when 'ho shotgun their father bad givra them for Christmas accidentally discharged. But highway accidents took the heaviest toll. The safety council's records show that the toll over the i three-day holiday was above tho (average. The council said that in the first ten months of 1949 auto accidents killed an average of 83 persons every 24 hours. The aver- age covers deaths occurring long after the acci-lents in which the victims were Injured. There were 3SS accidental deaths over the 1D48 two-day Christmas holiday, Includ- ing 277 traffic fatalities. Deaths by states, listing traffic, fires and miscellaneous causes: Alabama 9. 1. 1; Arizona 3, 0, 1; Arkansas 5, 0, 0; California 36, 0, 4; Colorado 3, 0, 1; Connecticut 1, 4, 1; Florida 8, 0, 2: Georgia 8, 1, 2; Idaho 1; 1, 1; Illinois 29, 0, 7; Indiana 14, 1, 4; Iowa 6, 1, 1. Kansas 4, 1, 0; Kentucky 7, 0, 3; Louisiana 4, 1, 0; Maryland 1, 1; Massachusetts 8, 3, 5; Michi- gan 15, 0, 1; Minnesota 13, 1, 0; Mississippi 4, 1, 0; Missouri 6, 2, 1; Montana 0, 0, l; Nebraska 4, 0, 0; Nevada 1, 0, 1. New Hampshire 3, 0, 0; New Jcr- sey 6, 8, 0; New Mexico 3, 0, 2; New York 24, 2, 7; North Caroli- na 16, 2, 7; North Dakota 0, 0, 1; Ohio 28, 1, 4; Oklahoma 2, 0, 1; Oregon 6, 3, 0; Pennsylvania 18, 4, 3; Rhode Island 2, 0, 0. South Carolina 10, 1, 4; South. Dakota 3, 0, 0; Tennessee 10, 4, 1; Texas 34, 11, 10; Utah 0, 0, 3; Virglnia 13, 1, 2; Washington 5, 0, 0; West Virginia 3, 2, 5; Wiscon- sin 5, 2, 2; District of Columbia 1, 5, 2. ____ Minnesota Toll High for Holidays By The Associated Press Minnesota tabulated 14 accident- al deaths today for the long yule holiday weekend. 13 of them oc- in traffic. South Dakota auto deaths and a North froze to death. Latest victim was Mrs. Elizabeth Douthitt, 57, Minneapolis, struck down by one of two cars that col- lided near her home. The victim's public's sovereignty and independ- hegal by the Dutch during the fourjhusband, 59, was reported in seri- ence by Queen Juliana. years of bloody strife leading up ous condition in a hospital. Police The solemn but congratulatory to daV] tjjg streets. Identified driver of the speech by Queen Juliana was heard in a three-minute broadcast during the ceremonies here. Republican-Herald photos A Cash Register among the charred ruins is shown in the interior of the Wendell Galster grocery store at Blair, Wis., where a fire broke out Sunday morning. The above pictures, taken from the front of the store, show the burned out Interior of the first floor. A stove in the rear is believed to have become overheated and started the blaze. The store is located in the heart of Blair's business dis- trict in a building owned by Mrs. Matilda Berslng and Helaier Benrud. 3 Communities Send Firemen To Battle Blaze Blair, Wis. Only the charred walls of a two-story building remain standing today fol- lowing a spectacular fire that for a time threatened-the en- tire Blair business district Christ- mas morning. Nobody was Injured In the blaze which broke out just as scores of Blair residents were heading for church Fire departments from, three neighboring communities fought the raging conflagration along with the Blair department and succeed- ed in preventing the flames from jumping to other buildings. Jerome Mattison, local business- man, discovered smoke and flames coming from the first floor of a Walls Remain that's about all, following Sunday's spectacular fire at Blair, Wis., where flames burned out the building above. A grocery store on the first floor and an apartment above were wrecked. Fire departments from three neighboring communities helped battle the conflagration which was discovered at a. m. Sunday. Dutch Turn Indies Over to Natives Baiavia. By Kenneth Likes By _ curring Tricolor, symbol of three centuriesof M. rule In the East Indies, fluttered down today over the palace of the commissioner. The flag 'ceremony followed the signing of the protocol of tnnsfer of authority within the palace almost simultaneously with the proclaim- ing in Amsterdam of the new re-1 _ _ _ _ car that ThT sultan and his Indonesian I hit the Douthltts as Harold Tuttle delegation had ridden to the palace in a motorcade from home in the The man of the hour was dashing PeEanKsaan district where Indone- 37-year-old Sultan Hemangku leaders originally declared in- wono, deputy premier of the States of Indonesia. from Dutch Aug- Hjalroer Haffevik found himself surrounded by tombstones as he crawled out of his wrecked car after a Christmas morning accident at Ortonville, but he felt good and knew he didn't need one. He was not hurt. Damage to the display of stones approximated (AJ. Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald.) sftssv SKI LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 41; minimum, 10; noon, 41; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Monday: Maximum, 41; 3; noon, 14; precipitation, trace. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: 4; noon, Inch of Maximum, 27; 27; precipitation, .06 sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at Additional, weather on Page 18. sioner A. H. J. Lovink. utatlon for prince, who has a rep- liberal and dem- jocratic, had been one of the few ocr, Outside the palace and through- iDdependence seeking leaders out the capital, republican whom Dutch never jailed dur- troops under the sultan's command bitter tlmes before the and armed with machine agreement kept law and order and watched; finally signed ta The Hague for possible attempts by commu- nists and a few diehards to heckle the ceremony. Celebrate Independence day for people, occupying a vast necklace of some southwest Pacific and Indian ocean islands, dawned warm in the tropical sun. Already the new nation's revol- utionary bunting, once declared 11- Jast October Buwono deiegation were 39, Minneapolis. Other Minnesota deaths: Lyle Rosenwinkle, 24, Fairmont, killed when his car skidded and overturned Into a row of trees. John Janezicb, 70, of Hooper near Virginia, struck by a car. Mrs. Louise E. Martinson, 43, St. Paul, hit by an auto. John W. Poneroy, St. Paul, kill- ed as his car hit icy spot In high- way near Moorhead. Mrs. Roland Schultz, 21, Fargo, N. D., killed in a two-car crash near Detroit Lakes. Robert Grams, 19, Virginia, met in the great central hall of whose truck overturned near Cook, the palace by the high commis- sioner. Before the formal signing, which gives the republic the status of a sovereign republic linked with, the (Continued on Page 9, Column L) DUTCH and seven others whose deaths were reported Saturday. South Dakota had three traffic fatalities, all resulting from two cars overturning. Victims were (Continued on Face IS, Column 2.) 550 DEAD ;