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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 27, 1948, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 264 WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 27, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES 395 Violent Deaths Over Holiday The Alsops Big Easy On Berlin Cargo Run By Joseph Alsop Berlin At Welsbaden this mom- ing, a steely haze hung very low over the steel-cold ground. On the swarming airfield, the German workers clapped their ehapped hands to warm them, as their truck moved away from Big Easy 103. Thirty-five minutes earlier Big Easy 103 had come in from Temple- hof. How the C-54 was loaded again with another Berlin cargo ten tons of dried ap- ricots, canned applesauce, ce- ment and roofing paper. "We're ready to i said the pi-' lot briskly. Pilot, co-pllo and engineer per formed the complicated ritual o: starting the engines and wanning them up. The big airplane lumbered down the field and took Its place In the line of other waiting C-54's at the end of the runway. Takeoffs were spaced only three minutes apart, and it was not long before the pilot called the tower. "Hello, tower. Big Easy 103 in No one position." "Roger. Big Easy 103. You are cleared for Templehof at feet standard departure. You're No. two to off." Then, three minutes after the plane across the runway had roared into the air. the final came: "Big Easy 103 cleared .tor rolling takeoff." said the pilot, and in what seemed no more than a few seconds the big plane was airborne and totally enveloped In the chill gray haze. For ten minutes the trio in the cockpit worked with concentrated precision, flying the prescribed three sides of a rectangu- lar course that would bring Big Easy 103 Into the flight path to Berlin. THEN THE TURN Into the flight path was made. We were above the1 clouds now, between the pale sunny blue of the winter sky above and the serrated, brilliantly lit expanse of white wool below. Ten miles away and a thousand feet below us, there was a speck which was an- other C-54 carrying another ten- ton load to Berlin. And ten miles behind and a thousand feet below us, the chatter on the radio an- nounced the presence of still an- other. The co-pilot picked up a Templehof announcement that the ceiling there was 200 feet and visi- bility was half a mile. "It's way below minlmums said the pilot. "But it will probably get a little better before we get in. We can make It with a GCA." Once In the flight path, the trio in the cockpit relaxed. History and the Air Force had casually assem- bled them Captain Clinton Hank- Ins, from Humboldt, Iowa: Second. Lieutenant John B. Duvall. from Fennville. Mich., and Sergeant Ker- mit Green, from Los Angeles for the job now in hand. On the Ber- lin air lift no crew assignments arej permanent, but the three had flown together often enough to be friends. Several Of The 11 Air Force men stranded on a Greenland Icecap stand by the glider in which an attempt to rescue them was made by a C-54 making a "snatch" pickup the glider with a tow rope. Attempt failed when glider plowed into deep snow (note tracks upper causing tow rope to break. Further attempts to rescue men have been hindered by stormy weather. This picture was made by Associated Press Staff Photographer Peter J. Carroll from a' plane which flew over scene dropping supplies. (A.P. Wlrephoto) Plan to Block German Rearmament Drafted By Wes Gallagher long range plan to prevent German rearmament Is reported to have been, agreed on by the United States, France and Britain. General Lucius D. Clay, American military governor in Ger- many, said last night the three western occupation powers had reached "substantial agreement" on creation of a military security yesterday, said a study'disclosed that Sanatorium Burns At Eau Claire, 80 Clients Evacuated Ean Claire, Wis. About 80 board." Clay disclosed in a radio interview that the western powers have been working on creation of such a board. The discussions heretofore have been top secret. Other sources disclosed that the Intended duties of the board are to make sure that Germany remains j disarmed after the military govern- iments stop functioning. As the military governments of the three western powers, in Ger- jmany are reduced, the military se- ubercular patients of Eau Claire jcurity board will take over many ounty'sMt. Washington sanatorium! their functions. The board is displaced persons today. to have military inspec- iv. v-j.jj ition Police who will tiearcn for vlo- patients, most of them of were evacuated early Christmas day' They smoked and talked, mostly on cruelly funny imitation of an "ex- treme left-wing newspaperman" who had flown into Berlin with him last week. "He wanted me to tell him I s fire swept a frame annex. The flames did not enter the! brick wing which housed the pa- itents, but there was smoke and ajthe entire sanatorium was in dark- ness. There panic as the pa- tients were removed in ambulances and buses to local hospitals. Some of them were taken to their homes. regulations. Drastic Cuts Seen i It was announced last week that military August S. Gafz Killed by Train; Rites Tuesday Hurled 150 Feet Near Mankato Ave. Saturday Might August S. Gatz, 70, 465 St. Charles street, was killed early Saturday night when he was struck by a westbound Milwaukee railroad train near the Mankato avenue crossing. I He apparently was walking along the tracks when the accident oc- curred at about p. m. He was hurled more than 150 feet by the impact. Police were notified of the acci- dent by Bernard Gerson, operator of a tavern near the scene, and Coroner R. B. Tweedy ruled the death accidental. A resident of this city for mor? than 65 years, Mr. Gatz was barn m Waseca December 30, 1877. I In addition to his wife he is i survived by seven children, Mrs. Elsie Prisby, Bernard, Robert and Margaret of Winona; Mrs. Carl Haedtke, Stockton; Elizabeth, Min- neapolis, and Raymond, Anchorage, Alaska. Also surviving are two brothers, George of Dallas, Ore., and John of Cochrane, Wis., and a sister, Mrs. Anna Maisel, Marion, N. D, Funeral services will be held Tues- day at 2 p. m., at St. Martin's church, the Rev. A. W. Sauer of- ficiating, and burial will be in Wood- lawn cemetery. Friends may call today from 7 to 9 p. m., at the Breitlow funeral home. Poll Takers Had Poor Judgment New York Poll takers who failed to foretell the outcome of the recent presidential election "acted in good faith but showed poor judg- a Social Science Research Council committee says. The committee's report, released was said the sergeant, with rich scorn. 'Mister.' I said, 'do I look oppressed, do I talk op- pressed, do I act That fixed him." OVER THE FDLDA beacon, the quarters of the institution's staff of about 40. Inez Johnson, 40, a book- keeper, who suffered a broken arm and fractured pelvis when she fell from the roof after climbing through during the coming year. Clay also said that recovery In western Germany "has been amaz- ing" since currency reform was in- stituted last June but that the three western occupation zones still are far from becoming self-sufficient. "The deficit between imports es- The annex contained the living sential to life and exports, being first report went from Big Easy 103 The fire was discovered at to Templehof airways. Fifty minutes m- Saturday by a night nurse, j out of Fulda, the pilot again called cause was not determined borne by the United States during the present fiscal year, exceeds he said, "While this deficit will be substantially less dur- ing the next fiscal year, there will remain in large deficit for several years." Questioned as to whether the west- in. The city was utterly invisible John Lindner, chairman of the beneath the overcast, but we wereisanatorium's board of trustees esti- nearing Berlin. Templehof replied! mated damage at and said that the celling was now 600 feet, it would take ten days before the and visibility was "about to the end j patients could be returned, of the runway about to the endj- of the runway." A moment later we! were cleared dowr from to feet. said Captain Hanklns, "Big Easy 103 descending." Again the trio in the cockpit got (Continued on 10, Column 2.) ALSOPS Rural Co-op Push Planned trade journal serving rural electric cooperatives said yesterday it has polled members of the new Senate and they seem "Near unanimity in favor of push- 'ing the rural electrification program to full completion." The publication, "Co-op said about 31 per cent of U. S. farms remain to be electrified. Much of this continuing program has been financed with federal loans from the Rural Electrification Administration A number of the lawmakers polled by the publication noted'In their comments that they want to avoid duplication of power lines, and at the same time want farms every- where to have the benefit of elec- tricity. arm a Clay said: Would Arm Police the forecasters "could have seen the possibility of a close contest had they looked more closely at their data and past errors." The council is a privately main- tained organization with reports on social and economic matters. Expressing doubt that election predictions can be consistently ac- curate "in the present state of the report added: "In interpreting the results of the pre-election polls and presenting ;hem to the public the pollsters went far beyond the bounds of sound reporting. They attempted the spec- .acular feat of predicting the win- ner without qualification." committee said its survey errors on the part of the pollsters: "Errors of sampling and Inter- viewing. "Errors of forecasting, involving failure to asses the future behavior of undecided voters and to detect shifts of voting intention near the end of the campaign." The pollsters, the committee said, were led by "false assumptions into Minnesota Has Ten Fatalities, Wisconsin 19 Auto Mishaps, Fires Take Heaviest Toll A Car Stands Stalled and abandoned just inside the Middletown, Calif., city limits as a snowstorm which started Christmas eve continues. The town was isolated for many hours by the 28-inch snow- fall and line crews are still trying to restore telephone service to this resort town which had its first white Christmas In history. By The Associated Press The death toll in traffic and other accidents over the Christmas week- I end had mounted to 377 early today, including ten in Minnesota and 17 in Wisconsin. The 267 traffic fatalities were two more than the estimate for tho period by the National Safety coun- cil. Of the 110 deaths from miscel- laneous accidents, at least 32 were from flres. At New Brunswick, N. J., seven members of one family perished In a flre which destroyed their home Christmas day. A family of six died in a flre at Barre, Mass., and a mother and two daughters died in a blaze at Terre Haute, Ind. Other fires took the lives of four members of one family at Kansas City, and five Negroes at Bessmer, Ala. A woman and her granddaughter died as the result of a fire which de- stroyed a trailer at Philadelphia, and three persons died in an auto- mobile fire near Falmouth, Ky. Three other persons were frozen to death, two in Maryland where tha temperature dropped to near zero, and one in Tennessee. Fires and traffic accidents helped swell the toll of violent deaths in Canada during the Christmas holi- day weekend to 54. Minnesota Fatalities The Minnesota holiday death toll stood at ten today, traffic mishaps San Francisco A treacher- accounting for five of them. One ous pattern of snow, rain and died in a plane crash, one storms added to the hazards to death and another burned Rain Storms Lash California holiday travel in California to- day. Automobile accident casualties mounted as Icy or rain slicked high- ways added to the perils in heavy traffic. There .were 39 traffic fa- talities up to midnight. A violent wind and dust storm whipping Mississippi river. across highway Inland route to death. The dead: John M. Liggett, 21, and his brother, Jerome, 23, both of St. Paul who drowned after their car plunged through a guard rail at the Great Northern railway station in Minne- apolis and dropped 40 feet Into the Neal A. Gauw, 25, Newport, killed when his car and a South St. Paul leading to Los so blinding that motorists were de-l street car collided. toured around the danger area. I Joseph Sauser, 75, Farmlngton The lake county resort area some 75 miles north of San Francisco was digging out of the, heaviest snowfall In years, with one sizable still isolated by drifts blocking all connecting high- by a car. village assessor, who was struck and killed by a car near his home. Daniel Hompon, 85, who died in Minneapolis General hospital from injuries received when he was struck. ways. Paul Bjork, 29-year-old exhibition A Road Grader brought into play as a snow plow bucks drifts on, the road out of Middletown, Calif. (A.P. Wirephotos to The Republi- can-Herald.) Sand Plugs Gap In Lead Supply By Howard W. Blakeslee Associated Press Science Editor New York Sand Is now plugging one of the biggest leaks in America's shortage of lead. Fire Brings Mercy Killing For Livestock of the Milan, Wis. Twenty-nine head of cattle and five horses burned to death or were killed by the mercy rifle shots of neighboring farmers as a barn was destroyed by fire early today. The stock resisted the efforts of j the owner, Chester Bunkelman, to method of I drive them from -the barn, which more accurate than in fact they are. The election was close. Dewey could have won by carrying Ohio, California and Illinois, which he scribed today by officers of the Na-, lost by less than one per cent of loss at Middletown, near Lakeport, wasiflier, killed when his small piano cut off all of yesterday, but today crashed on Lake Mmnetonka. His regained contact with the outside. For a time telephone communica- tions also were disrupted in this mountain-surrounded area. In the high Sierra, drifts piled deep on the highways leading over the passes to Nevada. Motorists, all using' chains, traveled these roads at their own risk. Insurance Company Denies Dewey Slated As Ifs New President New that Gov- ernor Thomas E. Dewey would be- come president of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company when his term of office expires in 1950 were denied by the company today. companion, Everett Clinton Cook, about 30, was critically injured. Gilbert P. Oakland, 55, Spicer fill- ing station operator who was found frozen to death near his home after a fall. Lawrence Hesse, 36, Brooten mo- tion picture theater operator, killed when a blast wrecked the projec- tion room at the Brooten theater. A flre that followed destroyed tho theater, a cale and a store before it was brought under control eight hours later. Twenty theater patrons escaped unharmed. The Liggett brothers were headed east on Hennepin avenue. Police said the driver apparently lost con- ,rol of the car when it struck an cy patch near the Great Northern station. Firemen recovered the bodies. Bjork, the airplane victim, had A report to that effect receivedjgone up cook and were over national circulation recently in ajjennmgs bay on the west arm of radio broadcast by Walter Winchell Lake Minnetonka when the plane It apparently was believed by the vote. "In such a close election no polls, no advance Information of any kind, could have predicted a Truman or Dewey victory with confidence. The I failure of the polls was due to 'neglecting the possibility of a close tfonal CHAIRMAN recent picture of Former Presi- dent Herbert Hoover, who is chairman of a commission con- sidering organization of execu- tive branch of U.S. government. be limited to local needs." He added that the police force should be armed only with light caliber re- volvers and carbines. The British-American airlift yes- terday completed its first six months of operation. A statistical survey showed that the Allies had flown tons of food, coal and other supplies over the Soviet blockade in that period The daily average was tons Clay set tons daily as the tar- 'get when the operation started. Nine fatal accidents have been re- ported; seven of ihem American and two British. A total of 17 Americans and seven Britons lost their lives. 12-Year-Old Saves Drowning Sister, Dad Madison, Wis. Twelve- year-old Helen Brigham pulled her sister, Evelyn, 17, and her father, Robert, 45, to safety after their ice boat sank in Lake Monona yester- day. After the boat hit a crack, broke through and submerged, Helen reached safe ice, then pulled her sister out of the water. The girls then assisted their was treading water, to safety. just before the election to determine Company. vi me "en mem iruin -uie IMIU, wmwi many empioves of the flrm a com substituting sand for lead was preaching the retiring age of 70 In 1950. In Albany, N. Y., the governor's office said Dewey had no comment. Winchell was not available for com- ment on the Metropolitan's state- (Continued on Page 7, Column 5.) Lead is one of America's strategic war minerals. It gives extra power to gasoline and juice to batteries. The nation is using more than a million tons annually, but supplies only two-thirds of this. The sand plug is used in the lead that makes outdoor paint. This paint lead has been taking whether a flat forecast could be about seven per cent of the annual made with confidence." i supply. Wisconsin Mails Income Tax Blanks Milwaukee (IP) A. note in keeping with post-holiday letdown State income tax blanks were mail- ed today to taxpayers In the seven counties of the Milwau- 'kee area. Operation Ice Cap Carrier Saipan Battles Storm In Effort to Reach Stranded 13 By James J. Strebij-, Associated Press Aviation Reporter Aboard U. S. S. Saipan En Route to ed almost to a snail's pace by lashing winds, carrier hoped for better weather today as it ploughed toward Greenland to attempt the rescue of 13 strand- ed Air The Saipan, which left Nor- folk Saturday, is due off the rescue launching point Wednes- day. Even with improved weath- er, however, there is doubt that it can keep that schedule. The Saipan was moving along at 27 knots (more than 30 mph) until it encountered winds up to around 100 miles an hour yester- day. The skipper, Captain Joseph L. Kane, first ordered the carrier slowed to 22 knots. The storm roared on and at 6 p. m. Kane reduced speed to 15 knots. Still later he cut down to ten knots. Better weather was expected today. But it seemed likely to get worse again when the Saipan passes Cape 'Race, possibly to- night. While the Saipan took a i'ierce battering, five helicopters and two torpedo ,bombers lashed down, with cables on the hangar deck escaped damage. The ship's doctor reported a third of the crew seasick. Through it all, officers In charge of "operation ice cap" continued confident that their helicopters can effect the rescue of the stranded, airmen. But this confidence did not mean the officers felt they had an easy job. Captain William V. Davis, Jr., in charge of the actual flying operation, said rescue flights will be made only in clear weather. And the as the hell- copters are called, will go up only if winds do not exceed 40 miles an hour. (Poor visibility yesterday pre- vented any attempt by the Air Force to rescue the stranded airmen, it was announced in Washington.) Seven of the airmen originally were stranded December 9. The other? joined them at Intervals more on Christmas irjiiutile plane and glider rescue attempts. iment. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and Vicinity: Mostly cloudy tonight and Tuesday, contin- ued rnild; low tonight 15, high Tues- day 28. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Saturday: Maximum, 20; minimum, 1; noon, 10; precipitation, none. Official observations for the.24 hours, ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 19; minimum, noon, 14; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 25; minimum, 17; noon, 25; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min, Prec. Chicago 25 16 Denver 44 12 Des Moines 22 15 International Falls 13 I Kansas City .......30 29 Los Angeles 60 44 .8 Miami 69 64 .2 Paul .....22 13 New Orleans ......48 43 New York .........20 15 Seattle 42 23 Phoenix 61 50 Washington .......27 14 Mmonton .........28 13 BAKE Prince Carl Gustaf, 3, of Sweden fashions a cake at Stockholm palace v, sister, Christina, ;