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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 26, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Very Cold Tonight, Wednesday The Proof of FM Superiority (s In the Listening VOLUME 50, NO. 263 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TUESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 26, 1950 WINONA, MINNESOTA, EIGHTEEN PAGES ig Drive Under Way Snowplowi On Main Street have pushed a high bank of snow, which keeps falling and falling it gets colder and colder. Republican-Herald photo TODAY- No Time To Talk c Surrender By Joseph and Stewart Aliop and New Year's are good times think about the American responsibility. If we do not acquit ourselves bravely and well, the new god- state will triumph in the World, This is a deity merciless as Mo- loch, served by a grim priesthood, buttressed on a bleak theology, tol- erating no competing thought or worship to distract the minds of men from their harsh labors as state-slaves. Even today, the final crisis in the vast struggle be- tween this new god-state and the Iree part of the world is rushing down upon us with gathering speed. It is a curious reflection that if we in America fail now., the gen- eration now being born will be the last trained in the Christian ethic, knowing the Christian story. To remake the past in its own ruth- less image, is one of the tasks the god-state confers upon its pricts. And if we now fail, the last, dim, precious memory will be fading from the last poor, once-free mind, just two millenia after Herod was troubled, and the shepherds saw the Star, and the Three Kings of .the East made their hard, cold journey. After years, all will be darkness then, and the night of the soul, and the silence broken on- ly by the crack of the lash. Future Menaced Such is the future that men- aces our children, and our chil- dren's children. One has seen that future already, in the chilly glit- ter of fear in the eye of a man, once brave, now wholly cowed, in abandoned by the U. S. "Tenth Prague: in the children waiting to corps last week in the Allied with- V W V Next Weather: Ten Below Zero It'll be ten below zero tonight. That's the forecast of the Weather bureau, which adds that, in the country, the mercury may drop to as much at 15 or 18 below The drop began this morning already. At o'clock it was eight above; at o'clock it was only three above. Truman Cuts Vacation for Defense Talks Secret Communist Decisions Reported Found by MacArthur Kansas defense problems in the Far East, in Eu- rope and on the home front forced President Truman .to cut short his Christmas vacation and head back to Washington today for top level conferences. The White House said firmly, that no new crisis was in the making. Mr. Truman, who arrived in Missouri last Friday for a holiday visit with the home folks, intended to stay until tomorrow morning but decided to return to the capi- tal today at 3 p. m. instead. The announcement of his change in plans late yesterday was fol- lowed closely by General Mac- Arthur's statement in Tokyo that Communist "secret political and military decisions of enormous scope" had been discovered as a result of the short-lived U. N. No- vember offensive in North Korea. Fear New Red Offensive Immediate speculation arose that the President might have cut short his holiday because of a possible new Red offensive in the Far East The Wrecked Jeep in which Lieutenant General Walton H. Walker met his death lies along the roadside between Seoul and the northwest Korean front. At the far right, partly hidden, is the truck involved in the collision fatal to the Eighth army commander. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) or elsewhere. Presidential Press Secretary Allied Planes Blasting Reds In North Korea Tokye flying weather brought Allied fighters and bomb- ;rs out in force today to blast Red TOOPS and supplies throughout That kind problem of clearing away eight inches of snow which fell here over the long Christmas weekend wiLh- put advance Weather bureau warn- ing. Eight Above Wednesday The soft, light snow sifted down i of General Dwight D. Eisenhower Christmas day; and, in open spots, to head the new combined Western a brisk wind whipped it around. European defense force, current No unusual winds are forecast, however, for overnight. North Korea. B-28 Superforts dropped 176 tons of bombs on a variety of targets. flit hardest was Chorwon, a main rail and highway center SO miles northeast of Seoul. Smaller B-29 flights hit railroad iridges and communications lines near Hwangju in western Korea and north and south of Wonsan, big east coast port. Bomber pilots reported no oppo- and light bombers military targets in 'yongyang and Sinanju, in west- Tn Korea, Chorwon, Kumchon and Iwachon in the central sector, and Vonsan and Hamhung on the east iition. Fighters ;truck at It will be still and cold tonight and Wednesday. A of eight above is forecast for tomorrow. In Winona the street depart- ment's rotary snowplow will be out in the downtown area. Mo- torists are requested to remove their ears after 1 a. m. in the area bounded by Washington, Franklin, Second and Fourth streets. This morning Bemidji, with 29 below zero, was the coldest spot in the nation, but chilly readings were taken as far south as Texas. Snow whitened New York city, and Chicago awakened to knee- deep drifts and found more snow Mass Prayer Greeting to 1951 Planned New York A call for mass prayer on the eve of a new half century spread today across a troubled United States. With the nation caught in the tightening coils of world conflict, hundreds of thousands of Ameri- cans planned to begin the new year with an invocation rather than revelry. To them, December 31, 1950, will be a day of prayer. The National Council of Churches of Christ of America, representing more than members in 29 orthodox and Protestant denom- inations, said yesterday that its call for the special prayer day has brought nation-wide response. "At the same said the Rt. Rev. Henry Knox Sherrill, council president, "spontaneous movements for daily prayer are developing in all parts of the coun- try and reflect a recognition of the need of mankind for God's guidance. Sherill yesterday telegraphed his appreciation to President Truman for endorsing the December 31 day of prayer in his Christmas eve message. From the offices of great re- ligious organizations and from the pulpits of village churches came _ word that they would join in the Besides the State of the Union day's plea for divine help in an message, to be delivered imme- hour of crisis Joseph Short told newsmen, how- ever, that no new development prompted Mr. Truman to pack his bags 20 hours ahead of time. Short said the President would Secretary of State Acheson, Secre- tary of Defense Marshall and Gen- eral Omar N. Bradley, chairman of the joint chiefs of staff. "The topics to be covered, Short said, are the forthcoming departure Communist activities in Korea and preparedness at home. Short told reporters: "The President had only so much time to give to all his problems, and it was decided it would be bet- ter if he could clear up some of these matters before he began de- voting himself to the State of the Union message and the other two messages he is preparing for' the new Congress." Confers With Leaders 515 of 664 Killed Over Holiday Die In Traffic Mishaps By The Associated Press The nation counted a staggering death toll of 664 today from violent accidents over the three-day Christmas holiday. Traffic fatalities soared to above 500, the highest since the all-tune record of 555 in 1936. Mishaps on the many ice-coated and others made slippery by freshly falling 515 persons, was more than 100 above the 1949 Christmas holiday toll.- Accidents from miscellaneous causes fires, drownings, falls, etc. took an additional 149 lives. The grim total, one of the largest for any three day holiday period, covered the 78 hours from 6 p.m. Friday to last midnight. Last year's total for the Christmas holi- day was 580, including 167 in a variety of accidents. That Six Men Perish In Hotel Fire At Buffalo, N. Y. Buffalo, N. Y. Six men diately after the 82nd Congress con venes January 3, Mr. Truman plans to deliver an economic mes- sage and the annual budget mes- falling. Falls ranged from four to I Mr. Truman's decision to hurry oast. Hamhung, industrial city six miles inland from the coast, was prostitute themselves for some synthetic nastiness that will fill their "poor bellies, outside the taw- dry foodstore for party members in Leipzig; in the naked terror of the broken-bodied, half-c razed wretch who escaped from the se- cret police in Berlin. Those who have seen and understood that fu- drawal from northeast Korea. The withdrawal was completed at Hungnam Sunday. Red troop casualties were esti- mated by fighter pilots at 550. De- stroyed or damaged were 309 eight inches in other areas of a snow belt that spread from Mon- tana and the. Dakotas to the east- ern seaboard. 37 at Jacksonville Jacksonville, Fla., gateway to' the winter resort land, had 37 above, while Miami, Fla., report- ed 56. It was 30 during Monday night at Amarillo, Texas, and 32 at El Paso, Texas. A reading of 76 at Phoenix, Ariz., Monday tied the previous high marks on Christmas day in 1919 and 1933. In Minnesota. Monday's storm dumped about eight inches of snow buildings, 51 vehicles, five supply on the area around Willmar. Min- dumps and one tank. neapolis had five inches. ture all answer: not fail." What has happened to America, one asks oneself, listening to the craven voices, the squalid little men who would throw away the future for an hour's partisan suc- cess, the trembling grave-diggers of freedom who would betray man- kind for two more years' low taxes. And then one remembers what America is, and takes heart again. The great land of broad valleys and proud mountains; the land's fat farms, its industry of infinite variety, its rich cities reaching to- wards the sky; the good life of this land, kindly, easy, pleasant and warm all these flash through the mind. The great past rises up, the first comers clearing the forests to live a free life, the na- tion begotten of a passion for free- dom, its men fighting for freedom, its freedom beckoning millions to these shores. And then one sees, like a procession in the mind, the people of this land, children of latecomer and children of the old stock, poor and rich, worker and farmer, Northerner and Southern- er and men of the Western plains, every man differing from his neighbor, yet all one people, bold, ingenuous, brave and free. This is not the land, these are not the poople, to heed the crav- en voices, to say farewell to all (Continued on Page 9, Column 4.) ALSOPS Four F-80 jet pilots reported 65 International Falls, on the Cana- "America can- j Red soldiers killed or wounded in the strafing of trenches along a ridge in the mountainous eastern section of the front. Lieutenant John B. Dacust of Berkeley, Calif., reported Allied troops took over the ridge after his jet fighter Eight "poured pounds of 50 caliber ammunition and 65 100-pound bombs into the trenches." Another pilot, Lieutenant Stanley G. Houghtby of Shabbona, 111., said, "It was one of the best support missions I have ever flown and this was my 99th mission." Kernel of Corn Chokes Child, 2 Atwatur, Minn. A mercy flight to Minneapolis failed to save the life of a two-year-old Atwater baby aftsr a kernel of corn lodged in his windpipe Christmas day. The child, Sumner, son of "Mr. and Mrs. Sumner Carlson, appar- ently swallowed the com while playing in the yard with his older brother, Dale. He was taken to Spicer and then to Willmar where X-rays showed one lung already collapsed. Then a plane was ordered and the child put aboard for a flight to Univer- sity hospital in Minneapolis. The child died soon after an emergency operation was performed by a. Min- neapolis specialist. dian border, had 28 below zero. Contrasting sharply with this rugged Arctic weather was the 57 above zero mark at Rapid City, S. on Christmas day to take back to Washington was made as a result of telephone conferences with Acheson and Marshall. j Yesterday's announcement didn't j say so but an exceptionally heavy volume of preparedness and other business followed him on his Christmas trip to his native Mis- souri. He didn't get much time to work on official business. In less than five full days away from Washington Mr. Truman at- tended a dinner, a luncheon, a church dedication, two Masonic lodge installations and various other functions. Yesterday he spent a quiet Christmas as his Independence home with his wife and daughter Margaret whose gifts to him in- Leaders of the Methodist, Amer- ican Baptist, Presbyterian, Protes- tant Episcopal and International Convention of 'lie Disciples of Christ have added their own cal for prayer to that of the nationa council. First Quadruple Amputee of Korean War Reaches U. 5. Travis Air Force Base, Wl Colonel A. H. Corliss, com manding officer of the air base hos- pital here, said today Private First Class Robert L. Smith, 20, of Mid- dleburg, Pa., had arrived here as "a quadruple amputee" as a result eluded clothing and books. Among the books was Will Durant's "The Age of Faith." The first family had a dinner of northwest honors as the warmest "turkey and ham and all that goes spot. This was only six degrees with as the President describ- t_ _ 1 _ i- .._ n J 1-1 T-tnT-f Hfl-r- OM below Los Angeles, Calif, ed it to reporters. Mr. Truman N. D. In Wisconsin, eight inches of snow fell at Milwaukee, five at Madison and La Crosse, three at Lone Rock and about two at Eau Claire. Low reading at Superior early today was -IS, Eau Claire a -7, Grantsburg and Lone Rock -6 and Wausau Milwaukee's low was ten degrees above zero. Scientists Meet At Cleveland Cleveland The largest sci- ence- meeting of 1930, the Jl7th an- nual meeting of the American As- sociation for the Advancement of Science opened here today. Thousands of scientists, many of whom gave up Christmas at home to attend, will hear some re- ports on new advances in know- ledge in almost every field of scientific work. The association represents near- ly American scientists. i Duluth had Cloud -15 itook i4 eas7 ae rest of .day' and Bismarck and Devils Lake' He did hls Christmas package unwrapping to message congratulations to MacArthur and other leaders of the newly com- pleted evacuation of Hungnam. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity: Fair and very cold tonight. Ten below in city, 15 to 18 below in country. Generally fair and not quite, so cold Wednesday, high 5 to 8 above. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 43; minimum, 8; noon, 12; precipitation, trace. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at- 12 m. Monday: Maximum, 15; minimum, 2; noon, 4; precipitation, .20 (4 inches of Official observations for the 24 in a statement to newsmen, said the young soldier was leaving by plane today for Walter Reed hospital, Washington, D. C. "His morale and condition are the hospital command- er said. "His chances of rehabilita- tion are very good." The colonel said young Smith telephoned his mother in Middle- burg on Christmas eve, to exchange greetings. The hospital declined to say just how much of Smith's four limbs had been amputated. Vandals Slash Sheriff's Tires Manitowoc, Wis. Several youths who must have known Sheriff Clarence Baryenbruch had a broken ankle slashed his tires Sunday while the sheriff sat in the car. Baryenbruch was hurt while deer hunting several weeks ago and has been hobbling around with a cane, his ankle in a cast. The sheriff rode out to the Night- ingale Club near Two Rivers Sun- hours ending at 12 m. today: Maxi- day with deputies to quell a dis- mum, 9; minimum, 3; noon, 3; turbance. He remained in the back precipitation, .25 (4 inches sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on page IS. seat of the car. The youths ap- parently responsible for the disor- der left the tavern, as the depu- ties arrived. the National Safety council's es- timate of 440, which was the high- est it ever had predicted for the extended Christmas holiday. It more than doubled the number kill- ed in motor accidents over a sim- ilar- period December .8 to 11. In that period, an Associated Press survey showed 245 traffic fatal- ities, equivalent to 75 a day. Deaths Average 92 a Day The council figures show traffic deaths in the first ten months this year, equivalent to 92 a day for the 304 days. They how- ever, included delayed deaths not a spot survey. The holiday toll averaged approximately 156 a day. California, Texas, New York and Illinois led the nation in accidental deaths. There were more than 1, 000 auto mishaps in Los Angeles alone, with a death toll of 11 and 900 injured. Police arrested 362 drunken drivers. There were tragedies from other accidents. Six elderly men perish- ed last night in a fire in a four- story hotel near the downtown dis- trict of Buffalo, N. Y. In Paris, Ky., four small children drownet when an old boat hit a sandbar and sank in the Red river. The children had gone to the river on a Christmas afternoon outing. Deaths by States Deaths by states, traffic miscellaneous: Alabama 19-0; Arizona 3-0; Ar- kansas 6-0; California 40-11; Col orado 5-2; Connecticut 7-2; Dela- ware 1-0; Florida 5-3; Georgia 12- 3; Idaho 4-0; Illinois 34-3; Indiana 13-1; Iowa 6-1; Kansas 18-8; Kentucky 16-4; Louisiana 10-1; Maine 6-1; Maryland 8-5: Massa- chusetts 15-2; Michigan 24-4; Min- nesota 7-1; Mississippi 5-9; Mis- souri 15-2; Montana 3-1; Nebraska 2-2; Nevada 0-1; New Hampshire 3-0; New Jersey 11-1; New Mexico 4-4; New York 27-21; North Caro- lina 20-4; North Dakota 2-0; Ohio 20-6; Oklahoma 11-1; Oregon 4-0; Pennsylvania 22-2; Rhode Island 2; South Carolina. 14-4; Tennes- see 9-6; Texas 41-18; Utah 1-0; Vermont 2-1; Virginia 18-3; Washington 9-0; Vest Virginia 3-1; Wisconsin 5-5; Wyoming 1-0; District of Colum- >ia 1-3, St. Paul Truck Terminal Damaged St. Paul Fire damaged a truck loading terminal at 812 Berry treet, St. Paul, early today. The ire was believed started by an verheated stove in a warming oom Flames and smoke damaged merchandise and a portion of the .erminaL The structure houses the Vatson Brothers Transportation Company and Albrent Freight "torage Corporation. flashed through the top floor of a small east side hotel here. An Erie county morgue official identified four of the victims to- clarence F. Wagner, John Edward Shea, Jack Swain Charles E. Hollis. From Hungnam Land InPusanArea United Nations Forces Reunited For New Stand By Olen Clements Tokyo South Korea and Chinese Communist troops tonight tangled in a fierce battle just south of the 38th parallel and 28 air miles northeast of Seoul, the en- dangered South Korean capital, Seoul itself was being rapidly emptied by citizens fleeing the gathering storm of combat. The clash between Reds and Re- public of Korea troops was fought in the Korangpo area, ten miles east of Kaesong, transportation center on the route from, Pyong- yang to Seoul. Republic of Korea (ROK) force headquarters described the action as "fierce." It also announced that Red patrols were sparring with United Nations forces all along the ROK-held section of the front lines. Enemy South of Parallel The U. S. Eighth army, guarding ihe western end of the U.N. de- fense positions, also reported Com- munist patrols edging south of the parallel. The Communists :empting to determine U.N. posi- uons, Tense U.N. forces continued to await a full scale attack by the enemy forces. While Allied defenders regroup- ed for battle, new threats came from Red China's high command for all foreign troops to get out of e country entirely. The Allied force after abandon- ing its last stronghold in North Korea had a new commander on the job. Lieutenant General Matthew B. Ridgway arrived by plane Monday ifternoon from Washington via To- cyo. He succeeded Lieutenant Gen- eral Walton H. Walker, who was tilled Saturday in a jeep accident. "There isn't much to say now. have to get to Ridgway aid as he came down the plane amp at a South Korean airport. Ridgway, a paratroop general in World War II, took over command s the Eighth army in new posi- The others were identified only by first names Thomas and Mike. All were burned badly. No ages or background on the men were obtainable. All were residents of Sam's ho- tel (Michigan and a few blocks from the downtown busi- ness section. A hotel spokesman said there were about 35 bedrooms on its four floors, all occupied by elderly white men. Police said many were pensioners. The other occupants escaped. Rescuers carried or led some out. A number fled barefooted and lightly clad into 11 degree night air. None of the survivors was re- ported injured. and !tions along the border to South Ko- rea was awaiting an imminent Communist offensive. Matted for Attack Chinese and Korean Reds, sup- plies and artillery were massed all along the front. Their patrols jabbed at numerous points along a 120-mile front stretching three- fourths of the way across Korea. They awaited only the signal to strike in force. A.P. Correspondent Stan Swinton reported Ridgway had been given command of all troops in Korea. This included the U. S. Tenth corps, strong. The Tenth corps' evacuation was completed Sunday from Hungnam, (Continued on Page U, Column I-.} KOREA U.N. In Korea were manning defenses in central Korea (dark arrows) after an historic withdrawal (ship markings) from Hungnam. There was little action in Korea today but reports said the Reds were moving to battle positions aad Allied troops were dig- ging in to repel them. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) ;