Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 24, 1948, Winona, Minnesota
VOLUME 48, NO. 263 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 24, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY THIRTY-FOUR PAGES End Indonesian War. U. N. Orders New Truman Budget Near 43 Billions Change in Taxes Needed to Avoid Deficit Next Year By Charles Molony Tru- man's new budget is taking shape within the 42-to-43 billion dollar range. Something between those two fig- ures was listed as a good bet in high quarters today, although the final decisions on the precise amount have yet to be made. Another bet was that Mr. Truman will predict a is, more outgo than from one to two billion dollars unless Con- gress votes to increase taxes. These figures apply to fiscal year 1950, which begins next July 1. Government spending in the cur- rent fiscal year now is being esti- mated at around Less Than Expected This figure, as well as the forecast for next year's budget, is some below previous state- ments but only for technical rea- Rescue-by-Christmas Hopes of If Dimmed Washington The res- cue-by-Christmas hopes of U men marooned atop a Green- land icecap dimmed today with word that a Navy flattop is Join- ing the sizeable air fleet now in the area. The Navy is sending an air- craft carrier to help get 11 men off a frigid icecap Jn Greenland. The Navy rushed the helicop- ter crews to Norfolk, Va., where the currier Saipan was aiming to get under way by nightfall. But officials said the vessel will take at least five days to reach Greenland. What's more, forecasters in- dicated that bad weather, which has stalled air rescue operations all week, may last into Christ- mas day. Seven of the men stranded atop the Icecap have been there since December 9, when their C-47 cracked up. Two more men joined the cast- aways four days later, when they made a rescue attempt in a B-17 but were grounded by snow drifts. The last two land- ed a glider in the area after another four-day interval, and then were unable to maintain contact with a plane attempting to. snatch them off the ice. The Air Force said alt 11 men still "are getting along very nicely.' A dismantled plywood shelter has been parachuted to them, to augment the snow huts in which they have been living. Pood, medical supplies and heating equipment also have been dropped from planes. A Christmas dinner delivery was planned If rescue attempts don't succeed by tonight. sons. The explanation is that revised As Jolly Old St. Nick peeks through the window, a talks to her dolly. "Tonight's the night, dolly dear. If you've been a good little dolly and I've been a good little girl why Santa's sure to stop here." Five-year-old Faye Barry, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Matthew Barry, 410 Liberty street, reassures her cherished toy in words that echo and re-echo throughout the entire world as Chrlst- The Alsops Upheaval mas Eve once again comes. It comes to delight eager and excited youngsters and to remind everyone that peace and good will toward men are qualities as precious as Jewels. The scene above which typi- fies the occasion was created at Central grade school in the kinder- garten department. Republican-Herald photo Yuletide Weekend Hailed Pre-Christmas Fever Subsides as Citizens Prepare for Holidays CHRISTMAS chimes will sound their timeless, holy call to wor- v> ship tonight as Winona hails the Yuletide weekend. At noon today, the nervous, bustling pre-Christmas fever hadi subsided. The downtown streets were quiet and only a few last- would affect some electrlc Due in State Department By Stewart AIsop Joseph Alsop lias for Europe and his reports from. Berlin, Paris, Rome, Belgrade and London will shortly begin appearing in this space. Washington There is now at the flood of genuine kindness and that quality of concern for least a chance that something win others which tritely is termed the Christmas spirit, actually be done to bring order out Dairyland Co-op Strike Called For January 2 Ban Claire, WIs. Negotia- tors worked today to head off a accounting method will be put hi eSect January 1. Under it, tax refunds will be de- ducted from total tax collections to show the government's net tax re- ceipts. To' compensate -for "that, refunds will be dropped from the expenditures column. But since the same amount will be taken out of both sides of the budget, there will be no difference in the surplus or deficit figures. Putting the new system into ei'- fect now actually will shrink cur- rent year figures more than those for next year, because the refund amount is bigger this year. Refunds will amount to over this year against around next year. This year's total shot up because of the re- troactive feature of the income tax cutting bill passed last spring. The new accounting system was announced jointly last night by Budget Director James E. Webb, Secretary of the Treasury Snyder 15 Jap War Crime Suspects Released Tokyo A surprise amnesty order freed 15 high ranking Japanese war criminal suspects this Christmas eve. General MacArthur let them out of Sugamo prison, wher Hideki Tojo and six other top war criminals were hanged only a few hours earlier. The amnesty order cleared 19 names, leaving only two major war crimes defendants, who are now on trial. Three of those freed were members of Tojo's Pearl Harbor cabinet Two others joined his cabinet later in the war, and two more served In previous Japanese cabinets. and Comptroller General Lindsay to Ma'drid betweerl 1940 and me Shumei Okawa, who slapped on his bald head at the beginning of the war crimes trials, was In- cluded. The propagandist is In an Insane asylum where he has been since charges' against him were dropped in 1946, The amnesty order extended post- humously to Hayao Tada, former commander In chief of the Japa- nese armies in China who died December 16 and Kumataro Honda, former ambassador to China who died two days later. In Prison 3 Years The 19th Suma under house arrest. Once spokesman for the foreign offices, he served as ambassador Pope Warns War Dangers Menace World By Frank BruUo Vatican Pope Pius XTI drawing a sorrowful balance for declared today that once again Warren. the world is menaced by war. Dutch Asked To Release All Captives Council Rejects Plan Demanding Holland Withdraw By Joseph E. Dynan Paris The security council today ordered an immediate end to the fighting in Indonesia and prompt release of Indonesian lead- ers captured by tha Dutch. The council's Christmas in these two Issues was seven for and nons opposed. Four .bstained. The council turned down tin olnt TJ. S.-Colomblan-Syrian de- mand for withdrawal of Dutch orces from areas seized sines Netherlands attack on the Indo- nesian republic started Sunday. Five nations voted for It snA none against, but six abstained. Seven are needed for passage In ouncll. Condemnation Asked Russia asked that the Netherlandf je condemned as an aggressor. Soviet Delegate Jacob A. Malik submitted the resolution proposing hat it be adopted Instead of tho tf. S.-Colombla-Syrlan resolution which he termed too lenient. The American-Colomblan-Syrian esolutlon proposed that the security ouncll call for withdrawal of Dutch roops from newly occupied areas f Indonesia and an immedlata ease fire. The Russian resolution, In addl- on to terming the Netherlands an ggressor, would order the wlth- rawal of Dutch troops to icy held before the attack Sunday, mmedlate cessation of hostilities nd Immediate release of President oekarno and other republican aders captured by the Dutch rces. It directed the council to appoint commission of all council mem- ers to enforce compliance with ese orders. This was a proposal which France arren. Most the 15 who outj The Pontiff said in a Christmas Refunds of receipts, they ex-j0f Sugamo had been imprisoned 'message to the world that the past plained, are not true operating Christmas council's first discussion of Indonesian situation. years awaiting trial on war minute shoppers were hurrying in their quest for gifts. There was a lull that precedes the holiday. But with it came of the chaos in which the State department oper- ates, although ev- ery previous such attempt has fni'.od abysmally since the days of John Adams. A Hoover commission sub- turn of money which the govern- ment Is not entitled to keep. New Method "The new method will reflect more threatened January 2 strike which (accurately the total costs of car- rying out government programs." Here is the way it works for the budget estimates the President pre- sented last August for the current costs but merely represent the re-icrlmes charges. They were among power subscribers In four states. Neither representatives of the Dairyland Power Co-Operative of La fiscal year, and which he will bring Bedell Smith Quits Russ Post Moscow U. S. Ambassador At 8 a. m. today Boy Scouts as- Crosse nor local B-953 of the Inter- national Brotherhood of Electrical would comment sisted members of the Elks in dis- Workers trlputing 130 boxes of Christmas immediately on the results of the meeting. The union filed notice yesterday of its intent to strike January 2. John E. Fitsgifabon, of the Wisconsin food and gifts to families fortunate than most. Piled in trucks. that spirit contributions of Winonans to their townsmen. less high the boxes represented of Christmas and the Charity Gronps Active committee, in a yet unpublished re- Walter Bedell Smith 'said Thurs-j port, has recommended a long over- day, "I have handed In my resigna- up to date next month: Old system: Receipts 000; expenditures a large number of so-called major suspects arrested early in the oc- cupation. Twenty-eight originally were accused of war crimes. The parade from Sugamo includ- ed these members of Tojo's Pearl Harbor cabinet Nobusuke year, which at first had appeared to be the start of a surge toward true peace, today "seems instead opening up the edge of a The forces of the world, he said. the All sections of the Soviet resolu- tion condemning Holland for ag- gression failed to get the seven votei needed for adoption. The cease fire order was based on proposals originally made by tho are moving toward two opposed !Unlkd States, Syria and Colombia. Pples, both desiring peace but order to release Presldent Soe- Iwa- Ken or commerce minister; Michiyo mura, justice minister, and Terashima, communications min- ister. Kisaburo Ando, who later became Tojo's home minister and! Premier Mohamed Hatta and lmost of ranking republican leaders ej.bi-wu.1 QII- came from Rn amend- ment which Syria sponsored. ferences. he said, "are taking the old which lends itself to misunderstand New system: Receipts (the old sys- tem total minus in tax expenditures 000 (the old total minus the re- employment relations board, said deficit (un- deficit (excess of spending over in-l (Continued on Pag-e 3, Column 2.) ing and is frequently abused, tha come) 15 JApS ''if you want peace, prepare for war.' due and far-reaching reorpaniza- "on according to form; what days of preparation. Their tion of tho department. And per- 'new year will bring I don't know." I charity would be felt in many homes. m ivin h at Milwaukee he had received a copy of the notice. But John Madgett, others capped long La Crosse, manager of the Dairy- haps this time some sort of Smith, ambassador to will result. jsince March, 1946, was The basic problem which the re- port m packing i tKns giving, those organlza- that Christmas land Co-Op, said he had received only indirect notice of the impend- ing walkout. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Jd Dairyland SJIIMM fiS nnn nf nirn.liiair tomSnc ana oa-turuiy, a lew in i Winona had responded, too, western Wisconsin, eastern! [the annual call of the Good Fellows, i Minnesota, northwestern Ulln 'northeastern Iowa. elgn policy in any of Us aspects and in any part of the world. These are the secretary, the under secre- tary. the counselor and the chief planning officer. J on Page 3, Column 8. CHRISTMAS AT PRESENT, all four of these officers, George C. Marshall. Rob- ert A. Lovett. Charles E. Bohlen and George Kennan, are men of great ability and energy. But thej are badly overburdened. And this concentration of authority in so few hands has led to a sort of par- alysis in the lower ranks. One consequence is that. In order to spread responsibility where no Individual can make final decisions a grotesque committee system, fan- tastically time-consuming, has de- veloped. (One wag has suggested that the theme song of Foggy Bot- tom, as the State department is not very affectionately known, should be "Set Up Another Committee." sung to the tune of "Give Us An- other Old This com- mittee system has inevitably led to a tendency to shove all but the (Continued on Page 9, Column 1.) ALSOiPS B-50 Crashes in Alaska, Ten Aboard Craft Perish Fairbanks, Alaska Ten men, who would have flown to the States for Christmas, were found dead yesterday victims of the first crash involving the Air Force's new B-50 bomber. The four-engined craft, a rad- ically improved version of the B-29 Superfort which carried atomic bombs to Japan, had been missing since Wednesday night on a flight from the Eilson Air Force base. The burned wreckage of the plane was located by another Air Force plane yesterday In a tim- bered area ten miles south of the base. The 60-ton ship was one of five B-50s from the Davis-Monthan Air Force base at Tucson, Ariz., which had flown north for rigid testing under Arctic conditions. All five were to have flown to the home base In Arizona today so the crews could spend Christ- mas there. Ground parties were schedul- ed to reach the crashed plane some time today. Helicopters flew to the scene and confirmed that all aboard the ship had died. The B-50 varies little in de- sign from the B-2fl's which flat- tened Japanese industry, but can carry a heavier load of bombs faster than the older model. The Air Force ordered a stantial: number" of the craft two months ago from Boeing Airplane Company and an- nounced its plans to make the B-50 the backbone of its heavy bombardment fleet. He said the union had advised the company November 2 It was ter- minating the contract as of Janu- ary normal expiration date. He said one meeting had been held with the union, December 15, at Crosse, "solely for clarification' of the union's contract demands." Beca.use of this, he added, the co- op "has not yet had an opportun- ity to present a counter offer." He listed the union's wage demand as "averaging about per man per year and reaching a maximum of about per year." Clifford Elliott, business manager of the local was advised of Madgett's statements at a break in last night's meeting, but declined comment on them or upon the course of the ne- ;otiations. country. High Saturday 21. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 18; minimum, 0; noon, 12; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at EXTENDED FORECASTS Minnesota, Wisconsin Temper- atures will average three to six de- grees below normal. Normal maxi- mums 17 northern Minnesota to 28 southern Wisconsin; normal mini- mums two below zero northern Min- nesota to 12 above southern Wis- consin. Precipitation generally less than one-tenth inch, occurring as I snow in southern sections Saturday into Sunday and more general light snows Monday or Tuesday. TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. MIn. Prec. Madgett, however, asserted, "I am amazed by the union's abrupt and unprecented action in calling Chicago 26 Denver jioines strike tions. this early in the negotia- "Negotiations have usually extend- over several months in the past, sometimes into March, and In every 26 27 12 18 11 18' 3 .21 .16 International 2 Los Angeles 53 Miami 84 Mpls-St. Paul 13 New Orleans 64 case, wage Increases have been madeJNew York......... 38 retroactive to the contract expira- tion date on January .L" Seattle Phoenix 36 57 29 69 1 59 24 18 32 Suzanne, Three-Tear-Old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Therild Jacobsen, Minneapolis, snatches a surreptitious preview of Santa Claus, impersonated by 400-pound Douglas Roes, whose holiday season is filled with Yule party appearances. He claims to be one of the biggest U. S. Santas. (AJP. Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) Be a Good Fellow The following is a list of contribu- tions to the Good Fellows fund to date: Previously listed Steak Shop and employes 6.50 A friend 25.00 Two friends 2.00 Dr. and Mrs. M. M. Zeches 5.08 Mrs. Levi Veuro 1.00 In memory of Mr. W. A. E............. 20.00 William Reiland, RoUinprstone 1.00 Mississippi Valley Public Service Company employes 62.00 Prudential Insurance Company employes 10.00 Marigold Dairies and employes W. D.................. 10.00 A friend 2.00 Liberty Paper Box Company 15.00 David and Jaffey....., 2.00 Sleinbauer Shoe Company 10.00 W. F. K............... 5.00 E. J. Simon 5.00 Skipper Angst......... 1.00 A friend Carol Breza 3.00 Fur 1.00 Henry Polachck 5.00 Karen and Camilla Kryzsko shoes. SMfes Corset A overcoat. Richard Three Frie Friends from Alma canned goods. Inner Circle, Winona Senior High school clothing and toys. A Bailey and bozM of new clothing.