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View Sample Pages : Winona Republican Herald, December 23, 1950

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 23, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Continued Mild Over Weekend VOLUME 50, NO. 262 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SATURDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 23, 1950 WINONA, MINNESOTA, Listen to KWNO Christmas Programs FORTY-FOUR PAGES era Kill in Korea Ton Patients of the Wallor Convalescent home a t Amarillo, Teaxs, trapped as they laughed ova.1 Christmas gifts, died in the flames licking the remains of this old Army barracks which housed them, Thirty-seven patients escaped, but only two of them wern from the barracks above. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Hepubllcan-Herald.) Bullets Punctuate Christmas Prayers By The Associated Prayers for peace punctuated by the rattle of sabers will go up throughout the world this Christmas, celebrated in an atmosphere of dread' reminiscent of the Christmases just before World War II. For many people, not long ago tortured by a great war, this will be the best and most prosperous Christmas in years. But the threat i of a new conflict has put a damper I on what otherwise would be a joy- TODAY- Kennedy Digs Grave For U. S. By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington Back in 1940, Jo- seph P. Kennedy returned from the London embassy to advocate giving the world to Nazi Germany. He did not put it quite that way, but total triumph for Hitler would still have been the result of his program. In the same manner in 1950, Kennedy has just crawled out of his richly upholstered burrow to advocate giving the world to the Soviet Union. Again, he does not put it quite that way, but his program, contained in a recent speech at the University of Vir- ginia, insures total triumph for Stalin. Under normal circumstances, there would be no great interest in the political views of a success- ful stock market speculator who makes it a habit to propose sur- render whenever surrender is feas- ible. At present, however, when the threat of Soviet triumph is ac- tually greater than the threat of Nazi triumph ten years ago, the Kennedy program deserves analy- sis. Withdrawal Talk Flayed In a nutshell, Kennedy calls for complete American withdrawal from Europe and Asia, including the British Isles and the British and European dependencies in Af- rica. Allies he deplores; friends overseas he dislikes; and he con- signs them all to their inevitable fate in an unaided contest with the Kremlin. After this gigantic betrayal, he projects defense of the United States as a world island, with the .most advanced outposts at such points in the sur- rounding oceans as Iceland and the Philippines. This he calls "fac- ing the facts." The facts he has not faced may be left to indict Kennedy. To begin (Continued on Page 9, Column ALSOPS ous celebration. In the Holy land, Christians were begged to pray that peace once again will reign on earth. Pilgrims making the journey from Jerusa- lem to Bethlehem the route travelled on the first Christmas by Joseph and Mary will pray at the Church of the Nativity, the manger of their civilization. In Nazareth, where the boy Jes- us lived, a midnight mass will be celebrated at the Church of the Annunciation, scene of Mary's visitation by the Angel Gabriel. Again their prayers will be for peace. But around these wor- shippers will be reminders of war. Under Military Rule Nazareth still is under Israeli military rule, as it has been since the days of the Arab-Israeli war in 194S. The road to Bethlehem has to be cleared of dragon-tooth tank traps and barbed wire at the Is- raeli frontier with Jordan before pilgrims a limited number but many more than last year can press on the storied road to Beth- lehem. In far-off Tokyo, the Christmas spirit somewhat confined by the proximity of the Korean war was evidenced by Christmas trees, in store displays and colored pa- per streamers decorating restaur- ants frequented by Americans as well as strictly Japanese establish- ments. Western Europe was to celebrate its most prosperous Christmas in years, and seemed doggedly determined to make it a happy holiday, despite the gath- ering clouds. Italy, prospering as she has not done since the war, was hopeful. Hundreds of thousands of pilgrims poured into the country during 1950 to take part in the celebration of the Roman Catholic church's holy year, and a steady stream of tour- ist dollars poured into the Italian economy, making for a flourishing holiday. But Italy was nervous, too, under the glares of the Com- munists to the east Ten Elderly Patients Die In Texas Fire Amarillo, Texas feeble old people, trapped as they laughed over Christmas presents, died late yesterday in a blaze that devoured their barn-like barracks home. It was the worst fire in the Texas panhandle's history. All the victims were bedridden. Three were blind. guess I've lost them cried Mrs. J. W. Wright, attendant in charge of the barracks. "I should have saved them." Then she collapsed. But she had saved one patient. Another saved himself. A a woman badly burned trying to save her got out. Those four were the only survivors of the barracks. The visitor was the only one injured. Thirty-five patients in other units of the four-unit frame and stucco home were saved. Rescuers Digging Rescue workers dug for hours in darkness before they freed the last body from the gutted barracks, part of the Walker convalescent home six miles northeast of here. Veteran reporters, old hands at scenes of fear in panhandle towns, said the concen- trated hysteria and panic at the some was terrible. They said it was extremely difficult to get coherent accounts from survivors or officials. Final Action On Tax Bill Due Jan. 1 Measure Imposes 77 Per Cent Levy On Excess Profits By Francis M. Lemay Washington Final action has been scheduled for New Year's day on a tax bill which would slap ,a 77 per cent levy on excess profits and boost federal tax income to the highest level in history. The compromise measure agreed to unanimously by Senate- House conferees sped through the Senate yesterday on a voice vote, and without opposition. But .the House, with a home-for- Christmas exodus underway, post- poned its vote to January 1. Since the bill has both Republican and Democrat backing, there appeared no doubt that it will be tossed to President Truman on that day. Biggest Tax Intended to help prepare the na- tion to resist Communist aggres- sion, the bill raises the annual tax load to or more. The previous record federal collections was in 1945, during World War H. The bill: 1. Puts a 77 per cent tax on ex- cess to July 1, 1950. Excess profits are defined as earnings that exceed 85 per cent of a corporation's average profits for the three best years from 1946 i through 1949. j 2. Increases the top "normal" I tax on corporation profits from the I present 45 per cent to 47 per cent. The normal rate will be 25 per cent on the first of corporation net earnings and 47 per cent on profits over up to the area of excess profits. The 77 per cent would then apply. 62 Per Cent Ceiling 3. Places a ceiling of 62 per cent of taxable income on the total tax bill any corporation would be re- quired to pay. 4. Establishes an alternate plan for computing excess profits, using a corporation's invested capital in- stead of its record of earnings as the base. The alternative provides that, before the big 77 per cent excess profits rate shall apply, a company can earn 12 per cent on the first of invested capi- tal, ten per cent on the second and eight per cent on all invested capital over 5. Provides that the excess prof- its super levy shall end July 1, 1953, unless Congress revises or renews it. State's Quota 109 In Call for Nurses St. Paul Minnesota has a quota of 109 in the Army's call for professional nurses who are needed immediately to care for the increased number of casualties in Army hospitals. The Minnesota Nurses associa- tion has started action to fill the quota. Prediction: Merry, Mellow Christmas It'll be a merry and a mellow Christmas. The weatherman, after alternate- ly beating the area with snow and cold for a month, has relented. He says the kind of mild weather prevailing today will undoubtedly continue over the long Christmas weekend. It was 36 at noon today, just a mark under the previous high for December. Just about everybody is taking off to enjoy and observe the reli- gious holiday. Government offices in Winona closed at noon today for the long Christmas weekend. However, mail deliveries will continue to be made. It's expected that the last regular mail delivery of Christmas greetings and pack- ages will be made Sunday, Post- master Leon L. Bronk said today. Deliveries Monday will be made only for special delivery and per- ishable parcel post. City and county offices closed at the regular Saturday noon hour to- day until Tuesday morning. Most Stores wiE be closed until then, too. The Girl Scout office will be closed next week. Civil Defense Program lo Hit Stride in'51 past its two major congressional hurdles, the administration's, civil defense program appeared set today to hit its stride early next month. All signs pointed tqwards the House and Senate getting together I on a compromise bill and sending it to the White House before the new Cor.gress takes over Janu- ary 3. The bill would establish a new independent Civil Defense admin- istration in the government and give its civilian head vast powers in time of an imminent or actual enemy attack. Present plans call for a outlay over a three-year period to bolster the na- tion's home defenses. Mr. Truman already has laid the organizational base for the program by setting up a civil de- fense agency headed by Millard F. Caldwell, former governor of Flor- ida. Senate Approve! Bill The Senate approved its version of the bill yesterday without a rec- ord vote. The measure now goes to a Senate-House conference to compromise differences between this version and one passed earlier by the House. Before the Senate voted, it agreed to strike out two sections objected to by Senator McCarran One of these would have, in effect, permitted the new agency to operate without any court re- view of its actions. The other, Mc- Carran said, would have violated the fifth amendment regarding the right of individuals to sue to re- dress a wrong. General Walton W. Walker, seated, commander of the Eighth Army, who was instantly.killed in a head-on collision of his jeep and a truck in Korea, is shown.above conferring with his aide, Lieuten- ant Colonel Layton C. Tyner, who was injured in the accident. (A.P. Wirephoto to The'Republican-Herald.) Christmas Attack Feared in Korea Tokyo The bereaved U. S, Eighth army, with its fighting commander dead, faced up .today against the growing probability of a bloody Red Christmas in battle. The first staggering blow of the season was the loss of Lieutenant General Walton H. Walker, who was killed in the forenoon in a jeep smashup while driving to the front Eighth Army Commander Dies In Jeep Crash General Ridgeway Named Successor By Mac Arthur By Wlllam J. Waugh _ Seoul Lieutenant General Walker, U. S. Eighth army com- mander, was killed almost instant- ly today in a head-on collision of his jeep and a truck. Walker, a fighting protege of the late George S. Patton, Jr., died while en route to the western Ko- rea front where his forces are) bracing against a threatening new Chinese Eed offensive. There were some conflicting ver- sions of the fatal jeep smashup and the moment of Walker's death; The first official army version was given out to his stunned staff officers who were called into what some thought would be a routine 600 Children Wiil Say: No Paper Monday The Republican-Herald will not be published Monday, Christmas day, to employes can spend the occasion with their families. Business will generally suspended through- out the nation. THANKS GOOD FELLOWS HE Good Fellows organization to- day f or m a 11 y thanked the hun- dreds' of kind hearted citizens in. this area who have made Christ- mas possible for needy boys and girls. Warm shoes, overshoes, snow- suits, mittens and many other es- sential articles of winter clothing have been purchased for more than 600 needy children in the Winona area. The Good Fellows was only one of the many organizations busy today helping the needy. The Elis club distributed 110 baskets of Christmas food to unfortunate fami- lies and the Salvation Army took care of 60 more. Other charitable organizations, such as churches, lodges and vari- ous societies, also were distributing today to the needy Christmas re- membrances of food and clothing. Because of the great number of children who needed help this year, there still are some who have not been taken care chil- dren "too young to go to school. The Good Fellows office will be kept open until New Year's, and all needy children will get the tilings they need. The Good Fellows club especially thanks Mrs. Thomas Lightfoot and Mrs. L. E. Harris, who have con- tributed their services almost full time for more than month to take care of the buying and outfitting of the children. Warm thanks also go to the school principals and teachers who selected the school children who needed help and 'assembled them in groups to go to the Good Fel- lows headquarters. Much help was given to the Good Fellows by the city poor office and the county welfare department. Many thanks to Clark Clark for providing free office space for the Good Fellows headquarters and to Attorney John McGill, who as- sisted the Good Fellows workers. Thanks also to the Winona Mu- sicians' association which put on the Good Fellows dance; to the Association of Commerce which keeps the Good Fellows records, and to the Winona stores which aided the Good .Fallows workers in making their purchases and grant- ed discounts on the merchandize. To all of these and any others who assisted in any way, the Good Fellows say: Thank You and a Merry Christmas. Be a Good Fellow Previously listed B and B Electric Com- pany and employes 14.00 Babette 10.00 Anonymous.......... 2.00 Minnesota City 4-H club................ 2.00 A Good Fallow 2.00 Dave Mertes .....___ 1.00 Linda, Burr, Judy and Tom 10.00 A friend movie pro- jector and......... A friend .................2.00 Winona Senior High school 44.55 Reinhord Brothers employes 5.00 Terry and clothing and....... 1.00 In memory of S. J. D. 3.00 R and R, St. Charles 1.00 Plumbers and Steam- fitters Union Local 6 10.00 Fremont Birthday club, Utica 3.00 Jim, Tom, Pat and Mike............... Liberty Paper Box Company 20.00 Gordon and Paul Fakler 10.00 Standard Foundry Company C. P.................. 1.00 Jerry Arthur T....... 1.00 "Pal" 5.00 J. M. and J. R....... 2.00 A friend, Harmony clothing and 1.00 Anonymous 1.00 lines. The second is expected to be Mother Told Belton, "I'll be II right, It something I hive to Many other mo- then have had bear the thing." So frail S. X. Walker, more than 10 old, early today. She had been Informed that her Lleuten. ant General Walton Walker, had been killed In a [eep acci- dent In Korea. death a tevere b'low to In thlt central town who had watched him grow to manhood and prldefolfy followed hit Army career. The widow tele- phoned mother from Tokyo with the of death. briefing or a hearing of the gen- eral's Christmas message to his troops. The staff was called to order by massive onslaught by Red Chinese who may already have fought mjor Generai C. Allen who their way in force across the bleajc j tnMJ 38 boundary into South Korea. B and B trim- mings and guns. Susan From clothing. Buege and Husman, Pickwick Winona Senior High school clothing, toys and books. Madison Cub Pack No. Allyn and Valley Wholesalers, load of candy and toys. Anonymous complete outfit- ting of a family of seven in- eluding new snowsuits, trous- ers, dresses, shoes, overshoes, toys, Christmas tree, groc- eries and two chickens. A friend from ing. General MacArthur's headquar- ters quickly announced the appoint ment of Lieutenant General Mat- thew B. Ridgway to succeed Walk- er as Eighth army chief. The new commanding general of the United Nations force in the northwest comprising American, British, Filipino, Turk and South Korean troops is a much decorated U. S. airborne corps general offi- cer of World War II. Beat Rust in Air Only in the air was the news good. Six American F.-86 Sabre jets shot down six Russian-built MIG-15 jets Friday in a battle that flared from tree-top level to the thin air six miles up. The Sabres damaged one other MIG and chased eight to 18 across the border to the Reds' Manchufian sanctuary. The Far East Air Forces said no American Sabres were lost in the greatest jet battle ever fought. There was virtually no news from the Hungnam beachhead in northeast Korea where U. S. loth corps elements last were reported holding a tiny pocket on the Sea of Japan. MacArthur's headquarters said U. N.'forces there repelled Com- munist attempts to crash the Hungnam perimeter Saturday. W.qrplanes, naval and artillery fire (Continued on Page 10, Column 6.) KOREA WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy and a little warmer to- night. Lowest 24. Sunday general- ly clear, turning a little colder in the afternoon. High for day 35. Continued mild Monday.. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: axirjum, 36; minimum, 20; noon. 36; precipitation, none; sun set', tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 9. told the officers: "I have shocking state- ment to make. General Walker was virtually Instantly killed at It this morning when his jetp collided head-on with truck." Associates said General Walker had planned to decorate his only son Captain 'Sam Sims Walker, 25, and British forces under his com- mand on the trip to the front. Dies in Field Hospital The general died in a field hos- pital near Seoul soon after he was taken there. Captain Walker, a member of the U. S. 24th divi- arrived after his father's death." Several high ranking officers met Captain Walker when he reached Seoul. One broke down with emotion. Major General Frank E, Mil- burn, who took over as temporary commander after General Walk- er's death, told Captain Walker: "Sam, I want you to know that this is still your father's army." "This will be hard on my grand- Sam Walker said. The body was taken to Seoul municipal airport to be flown to Tokyo. Senior officers in Gen- eral MacArthur's command pre- pared to meet the plane at Tokyo'! Haneda airport at 11 a.m. Sunday. Staff officers investigating death were told by witnesses that General Walker died soon after the smashup. Some believed he died almost instantly. Aide Injured The general's aide, Lieutenant Colonel Layton C. Tyner, wag in- jured. He may have been driving the jeep. Young Walker, who had pleased the general by turning down the father's offer of a comparatively safe commander's aide job, is a combat officer by choice in the U. S. 24th division. He wept after viewing the body shrouded in the same kind of rough G. I. blanket that coven any dead soldier. A medic at the hospital where the general was taken to said: "He was -alive when picked up he (Continued on Page U, Column 2.) GENERAL WALKER DOWNTOWN STORES OPEN UNTIL 9 O'CLOCK TONIGHT ;