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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 21, 1948, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 260 WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 21, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES M. V. P. S. Franc Exte Eire Breaks Last Tie With Britain Trade Relations With England Will Continue Board to Reconsider School Bus Problem By Gordon Holte The Winona board of education Monday night agreed to re- consider its decision to curtail school bus service to the western limits of the city. But the board also reaffirmed its conviction that it had acted in the best interests of Winona taxpayers when it sold its school buses earlier this fall. Meeting Rollinger Named Mayor Of Goodview Dublin Eire became a free and independent republic today. Ireland's centuries-long and often bloody struggle for freedom came to a peaceful end as President Sean T. O'Kelly signed Eire out of the British Commonwealth. O'Kelly approved a bill of the Irish parliament repealing the ex- ternal relations act which had em- powered the British king to accredit Irish diplomats. The act was the last slender con- stitutional tie between Eire and the British crown and commonwealth. The repeal actually becomes ef- fective on an "Independence day" which Prime Minister John A. Cos- tello's government is expected to proclaim early in the spring. The delay will give the two na- tions time to work out a new alignment of economic and political relationships. The English conquest of Ireland began with an Invasion in 1169 and was helped by a rift among Irish chieftains. But it ran into stiff resistance. The Irish fought for freedom In 1598, 1641, 1649 and 1690. Then tho rebels went, underground for more than 100 j'e'ars. They rose again in 1803, 1848 and 1867. Series of Rebellions But it was the bloody rebellion of 1816 and the guerrilla war of 1919-1921 which finally broke Brl- chosen mayor of the oi Good- tlsh authority. The rebellion waslview at a meeting of the village Hoffman Goes Over Aid Plan With Truman Aid to China May Be Restricted If Reds Take Over in special session with the director of the Winona Transit Company, the principal of the Jef- ferson school and a committee rep- resenting West End parents, the board heard four proposals for the man and his foreign aid chief, Paul restoration of transportation. ItiG. Hoffman, took a global look to- promised to discuss the recom-1 day at America's efforts to put most mendations in regular session at a of the world on its economic feet Tru- later date. Reporting to the White House at Taken under advisement following a. m., Hoffman presented a last night's three-hour parley first-hand account of what Is hap- _ __ _ tA tho nnn nnn Anthony A. Rollinger, above, was planned by the citizen army and the left wings of the volunteers and Sinn Fein. The actual fighting, which was chiefly street fighting in Dublin, lasted a week after It broke out on Easter Sunday 1916. Fifteen rebels were executed. In the guerrilla war that followed council Monday night. A resolu- 1. An unqualified request that school bus service be made avail- able to the 130 to 175 students in the West End who formerly were afforded bus transportation. 2. A board member's com- promise suggestion that trans- portation be restored with the condition that half of the cost be borne by the parent and half by the school. 3. A proposal that bus serv- ice be afforded children from the kindergarten through Sfth grades. 4. A proposal that the Winona Transit Company provide exact- ly the same service afforded pre- viously by school buses. This would be more or less of a temporary arrangement to be administered on a year-to- year basis. 5. A proposal that transporta- tion in city buses be made avail- able to children In the kinder- garten through fifth grades from, January through April of 1949. Approximately 100 chil- dren would be transported under this plan a; an estimated cost of th6 Asia. Hoffman said the EGA had sus- pended all reconstruction projects in China. It had allotted 000 for the purpose. Hoffman said the decision to hold up the reconstruction spending in China until the situation clears in that strife-torn country was made during his recent visit to Shanghai. The Economic Cooperation ad- ministrator returned to Washington late yesterday after a 15-day flying trip around the world to check EGA operations in England, China, Ko rea and Japan, Both on his arrival at National airport and later in his office, Hoff- man turned aside all questions from newsmen on what he called "con- troversial matters.' He listed these as: (1) The ques- tion of future aid to China; (2) Whether American merchant; ships will continue to get 5b per cent of EGA-financed recovery cargoes aft- er January 1, and (3) Reported Eu- ropean profit-making on scrap aluminum and lead bought with EGA funds. Although Hoffman refused to dls- Both of the last two proposals cuss the Chinese situation, he did J Vi Ulic LAW .Jibudfull, lie U1U tion of memorlam was passed for jwere made with the stipulatlon that the new republic of Korea December 7. Harold M. Englund, Justice of the peace, administered the oath of office to Mr. Rollinger and to the following other appointed Britain used the hated black-and- jMaurlce Miner, trustee for three tans in an effort to hold her posi- (Continued on Page 9, Column 5.) Never Too Late to Be Good Fellow tion. (Their name came from the GOODVIEW color of their uniforms. In 1918 Bri- tain passed a military service bill which applied to Ireland. It was never enforced .but it rekindled in- dependence fervor. The Irish fought against British authority wherever it raised its head. The counter-terrorism and activities of the black-and-tans greatly helped the revolutionaries for they created a hatred of British rule where It did not exist before and strengthened it where it did. "ihe Sinn Feiners won the 1916 elections, and, meeting in Dublin as the Dail (national passed a declaration of Indepen- dence. British public opinion forced Prime Minister David Lloyd George to enter Into negotiations with the _ ____ then president of the Dail. Eamon urns" are" of ten the" days'that det'er- de VaJera. In December 1921 a'mine whether there treaty was signed giving Eire the' political status of the Dominion Canada. To Continue Trade Links such time arrangements would permit for the further study of in Asia. become the "bastion of democ- transportation problem in the hope that a satisfactory permanent plan might be evolved during the inter- im, Pehrson Presides In the absence of Board Presi- dent A. G. Lackore, Vice-President H. C. Plehrson presided at the meeting. Those attending were Board Members A. L. Kitt, John Borzyskowski, Miss Effle Bean, G. W. Huntley, James McConnon and Dr. P. A. Mattlson; Cecil Gordon of the Winona Transit Company; He toid newsmen EGA hopes to take over Korea's economic aid pro- gram from the Army "shortly after January I." About was earmarked for Korean recovery this year from Army occupation funds, Hoffman said, and Congress prob- ably will be asked for a similar amount for next year. Published Hoffman sion" of ANOTHER LOAD OF CHRISTMAS mountainous Wagon load of Yiile packages just unloaded from a Milwaukee road mall train today is shown above. The mall bags are bulging with parcels for Winonans from points west. Pulling the load is B. J. Billckl, 656 West Fifth street, and push- ing is Charles Cole, 621 Lafayette street. Republican-Herald photo Ex-State Department Official Plunges to Death in New York Laurence Duggan Called by Grand Jury in Spy Quiz New York A former State department official, listed in con- gressional testimony as one of six persons in the department who allegedly handed out secrets for red spies, died last night" in" a" 16-story plunge. Laurence Duggan, 43, an expert on Latin-American affairs who iserved in the State department from reports from 1930 to 1944, dropped to death from said, gave a "false impres-a window of his Manhattan office EGA plans for continued las espionage probers planned to Hanging Near for Tojo, Six Other War Criminals By Kussell Brines death watch began again today on wartime Premier Hideki Tojo and six other Japanese war makers. A 13-minute conference today between General Douglas Mac- Arthur and his top Army commander probably determined how long the seven condemned for war crimes have to live. Superintendent of Schools L. S. Harbo; Superintendent of Buildings and Grounds John Timmons; Sher- man A. Mitchell, Jefferson school I principal; and Harold Briesath, Al Berg, William Holden, Carrol Syver- It is never too late to be a aid If the communists take over In such an event, he emphasized EGA plans to continue food ra- tions for the population of five major cities with "pretty tough' restrictions. Fellow. The Good Fellow workers stay on the job until Santa comes down the chimneys to bring gifts to the needy children of this com- munity. So the final days before Chrlst- Durward Kiral of the protesting committee. P. F. Loughrey repre- (sented the Winona Automobile Club Safety council. McConnon opened the meeting byj presenting a comprehensive review of the school bus controversy since empty stockings from this commun-1 Pehrson asked whether all mem- ity. They hope to bring Joy to every Ibers of the visiting committee Quenfin Roosevelt Feared Among 33 Air Crash Victims Shanghai Quentin Roose- velt, 29-year-old grandson of Theo- dore Roosevelt, was reported aboard question him. The medical examiner's office saidj the circumstances of his death were "undetermined pending further in- vestigation." Police said Duggan "either jumped or fell" the usual preliminary report pending inquiry. Representative Mundt acting chairman of the House mlttee on un-American activities, revealed in Washington that a wit- ness had named Duggan in secret testimony as one of six people in with'the' For 20 years Eire pondered the _ iiui ivuii desirability of walking alone, out-i needy child "and make "his Christ-1 parents of children attending Jeffer- j of Til 3 "aboard side the empire. But the final step mas a brighter day of hap- son school and was told that allj Three sources ot Lunzhwa __t-J-ip rpnPOl Tint i_____Inroro fVia i _ _ T _ vu duced in the Eire parliament until last November 17. A probable factor In the delay was the hope that and help these workers attain their Senior High school. piness and rejoicing in each home.'were, with the exception of Whitten I f xhe Associated Press that So you still can be a Good Fellow whose_ child was a student at was seen to board the m. fated plane. A friend at the Roose- velt home said the family had "all but given up for him. The family's hope had been pin- ned on the knowledge that two goal by mailing to or bringing your The Republican- Tells Appreciation Loughrey explained that he was unable to stay for the entire meet- time Is and asked that he might make the six northern counties might contribution join in a united Ireland. But today Herald. the so-called Protestant counties re-1 However, the _ _____________o_ ___ main steadfast with Britain. short. Many children can now tell Mis statement In behalf of "the safe- j other planes had taken" off for Hong Despite the formal severance ofiyou how many minutes remain un-Jty council the last political link, both Britishjtil_the great day. I the floor, Mdoone Murder Gun Sought in River Marsh La Crosse, Wis. Police are going fishing here with an electro- Tight military secrecy permitted only vague clues as to the time of execution. They indicated the hang- ings would come any time after midnight, but possibly not before tomorrow afternoon. The Buddhist priest who will ac- company the condemned men on their walk'to the gallows entered Sugamo prison this morning for the first time in two weeks. (General MacArthur called a halt to execution plans two weeks ago when appeals carried cases of two GO-AHEAD SIGNAL FOR EXPANSION Unanimous Approval Given Request By City Council The franchise of the Mississippi Valley Public Service Company was extended to 1982 by the city council Monday go-ahead sig- nal for the start of an expansion project that the utility officials estimate will cost Extension of the power and light company's franchise by 25 year's was unanimous, except that First Ward Alderman Ben Decren, who is re- covering from a serious Illness, was absent. However, the extension of the franchise, which had been slated to expire June 17, 1957, is hinged to a contingency: The company must construct additional generat- ing capacity at its Winona steam plant. Assurance Granted Company officials and their at- torney, Harold K. Brehmer, agreed to that provision In a committee- of-the-whole meeting last night. Mr. Brelimer said It would be in- cluded In the company's formal ac- ceptance of the ordinance. In a letter to the council, E. 8. Pinkelnburg, vice-president and manager, said "If something now unforeseen arises which will pre- vent us from constructing additional generating capacity in our Winona steam plant, we agree that any ex- tension to our existing franchise that you make at this time can be disregarded until the additional generating capacity is actually pro- vided." The possibility of "something un- foreseen" was discounted, however, by Mr. Pinkelnburg. When Council President William P. Theurer sug- gested that a war might interfere with the construction, the manager replied that the company would have sufficient "priorities." Except for extending the tion date, the franchise remains same. The city will continue to collect a five per cent tax on the jross earnings of the company on ts Winona electrical sales, and tha seople retain the right to purchase the property at any time. In extending the franchise, tho council turned down a suggestion that it be amended to Include a provision which would have brought the company under the control of a state utilities commission should it be formed during the life of the franchise. City Attorney 8. D. J. Bruskl, al- (Conttaued on Pag-e 9, Column 7.) CITY COUNCIL testimony as one 01 six peopie m t th hoDe of Catchmi7 a of the condemned men to the Su- the State department who another m tne nopes OI cawnmB %reme court oj the Unlted states had said passed out con- murder weapon. The court yesterdajp Jt was' none of its business. That reopened j fidential information. Called by Jury Duggan died on the eve of the schedued appearance before a spy- lunting federal grand jury of Fran- cis B. Sayre, former assistant secre- tary of state, whose office secrets alleged were filched, according to gstimony In another phase of the inquiry. At the time of Ms death, Duggan president of the Institute of International Education. The in- stitute, devoted to promoting inter- national understandings and the District Attorney John Coleman said the waterproofed magnet would ibe used to drag the La Crosse river and an adjoining marsh for the .38 calibre gun which was used, to kill Dr. James E. McLoone last year. The body of the 49-year old so- cially prominent physician was found on highway 16 just outside the city limits November 14, 1947. Three .38 calibre slugs were recov- the way for the executions.) The Japanese press said the priest, Shinsho Hanayama, was prepared to stay, in the prison "two or three nights." After the conference with MacArthur Lieutenant General Walton H. Walker, commander of the Eighth Army, who will super- vise the hangings declined to dis- cuss them. Details of the execution were completed somo time ago, and Spring Pig Crop Will Be Larger Agriculture department today forecast that next be ten per 1948 spring .ou siusc. were completed sorao lime ago, ana at nresent ered from the body, but the murder jail that remained was for MacAr- _. spring's pig crop will cent larger than the crop. If this prediction is borne out, the supply of pork a year from now would be roughly ten per cent larger weapon never was located. jthur to set the day. Spring pigs are fattened during UI1UCIOUU1UU163 anil LJJGj i----- i ulllAJ. w Ulll- AH.4 I t J ll_ exchange of students among various] Several times since then the in- MacArthur received a copy of farketed the nations was founded with aid has flared to a point Supreme court's decision that it had following fall and winter. the Carnegie endowment for inter-1 where authorities forecast an "early no jurisdiction. This cleared the The spring crop was forecast at immediately. Gran ted j Kong at about the same time. Air 5 pointed out that "we field sources said Roosevelt passed and Irish leaders have forecast con- So hurry, make up your mind i appreciate that whatever you (the up these two planes, both of which ttnued close cooperation. But therejnow. Join this happiness board) do you sometimes nndlwere loaded with high priority pas- are some obstacles ahead trade I that makes Christmas a real day in! and political issues not the least! the lives of the needy children. (Continued of which is the divided south and north which De Valera refers to as "the partition of Ireland." British government leaders say they propose to grant Eire special tnfde privileges just as though she had remained in the commonwealth. But the countries with "most fa- vored nation" clauses in their trade treaties with .Britain might claim I the same privileges on the ground thnt their legal connection with Britain was just as strong as Eire's. Five Minneapolis Persons Injured Mankato Five Minneapolis persons en route to a Christmas party were injured, one seriously, in a head-on automobile collision eight and a half miles north of Mankato last night on highway 169. Peter F. King, 46, director of labor relations. Graphic Arts Industry, Inc., Minneapolis, suffered a frac- tured vertebrae, and other injuries. His condition was reported fair to- day at St. Joseph's hospital here. Also hospitalized is Miss Agnes Craven, 47, manager of the Walter S. Booth Company, Minneapolis. She is suffering a broken ankle and bruises. Treated for minor injuries at Joseph's hospital and released were! Miss Anna Fenton, 46; Paul Ocken, vice-president and manager: of Graphic Arts Industry, Inc., andi Mrs. Grace Downing, 43, Graphic' Arts secretary. Be a Good Fellow, now! Be a Good Fellow The following is a list of contri butlons to the Fellows fund to date: Previously listed Robert and David Accola 2.00 A friend 2.00 Sir, and Mrs. Raymond Mussell 2.00 Circle No. 1 Central Methodist church......5.00 Winona Republican-Herald 50.00 A friend ..................10.00 "Gilmore Ave" 1.00 Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Amande Aarestad ........5.00 A friend .................10.00 M. In Memory of A. H. ......25.00 Winona Business and Pro- fessional Women's Club .15.00 Galesville Good Fellow 1.00 A friend of children......1.00 A. and C. M. 5.00 Mr. and Mrs. P. E. L.....2.00 Mrs. E. F. Heim ..........5.00 Pozanc Trucking Service Mrs. John H, Hrokken 2.00 Employes of Froedtert Grain and Malting Co. ..40.00 Western Coal and Supply Co..............25.00 Total Gladys. Edna and Gladys Canned goods C. R. M.............. Clothing Gordon Seitz Two boxes of clothing. on Page 3, Column SCHOOL BOARD 6.) WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity: Clearing and much colder tonight, low 15. Partly cloudy and continued cold Wednes- day; high 22, LOCAL WEATHER Officials observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 35; minimum, 25; noon, 26; precipitation, .02 inch of sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on page 18. sengers, and took the one which crashed. Air field sources said the plane was piloted by Charles Sundby, a Danish national. All the crew was Chinese and the air field believed i Courier Whittaker Chambers. national peace. The president of the Carnegie foundation, Alger Hiss also a former State department official, was indicted on perjury charges re- cently on the ground that he lied when he denied before a federal grand jury that he passed out gov- ernment secrets to Ex-Communist all others aboard beside Sundby ani Roosevelt were Chinese. No Paper Saturday Because Christmas falls on Saturday, there will be no issue of The Republican-Herald on that day. News for the usual Saturday church and society pages, which will be published Friday, roust be in this office by early Thursday afternoon. 3-Power Government Set Up for Berlin Berlin The United States, Britain and France announced to- day a three-power government for without Russian participa- French commandant, Gen- ral Jean Ganeval, read a three- Dower statement saying: "If Soviet authorities either now Berlin tion. The western allies will exercise the pow- ers of the Allied kommandatura al- though realizing that owing to the Soviet obstruction It will only be possible for them to carry out their administration in the western sec- tors for the present." The western commandants re- called that the Russians disrupted r at some future date, decide to four power government by with- abide by the agreement to which j drawing from the kommandatura ths four powers are committed, July 1. They said the kom- quadripartite administration of "can only be altered or line can be resumed. i abdicated by agreement of all the "During their abstention the three1 governments which set it up." Mundt said Duggan, who was an adviser to former Secretary of State Cordell Hull, was named by Isaac Don Levine, editor of the anticom- munist magazine Plain Talk In testimony on December 8. In a partial transcript of Levine's testimony, released by Mundt, the witness said Chambers had told former Assistant Secretary of State Adolf A. Berle, Jr., that Dugganj feres with their school activities, was one of six persons in the State j They want the curfew extended but the leads, thus far, have flickered out. Coleman did not disclose why the hunt for the weapon was being resumed at this for notifying the prisoners. Some sources said at least 24 hours would elapse between the time the defendants were notified and the head. This compares with the 1948 spring crop of and a 1937-46 spring crop average of Students in Orderly a in La 25 Young People Tell Council Present Curfew Works Hardship High school students have a prob- exception arose when they spoke to the curfew Isn't "exactly fair' lem: The 11 o'clock curfew inter- the council. Only mass demonstra- recent experience a group had ___ ___ ..j ____ ____ ___ ___ attending a basketball game department who allegedly had fun- neled out confidential information at various times. Mundt, who revealed the trans- cript a few hours after Duggan's death, said "the speak for itself." testimony should 3 DAYS BUY CHKISTMA; SEALS 352 or abolished on Friday and Satur- day nights and on "special occa- At least that's what about 105 of them want, according to their spokesman at the city council Mon day evening. Said Spokesman Ross Butenhoff 759 West Fifth street, a high school junior, "The curfew Is not exactly fair to us in high school." He and other of .his teen-age cur- few objectors said 'the 11 p. m. cur- few interfered with full enjoyment of out-of-town athletic events, dances after local basketball games, ;he prom, Ta-Ho and the Job's Daughters dance. Orderly at Meeting Ross said that a petition circu- lated among Senior High school, Jathedral and Cotter High schools against the present curfew drew over 100 names. About 25 of the teen-agers were at the meeting. They were orderly, and with one tions, mild ones, came when they guffawed the suggestion of Fourth Ward Alderman James youngest their par- ents meet them at bus stops if the suggestion of First Warder Loyde! Pfeiffer that they start their eve- j councilmen would talk the curfew Crosse. He said the bus driver had been instructed to have the group back in Winona before 11, and con- sequently the group had missed part of the game. After hearing several of the teen- agers, the president told them the ning activities one hour earlier and shut them down one hour earlier. The curfew ordinance provides that any child under 17 years old cannot be on the public street or in a public place between 11 p. m. and 6 a. m. unless accompanied by par- ents or authorized person. Until November, 1945, this five' year-old curfew set the get-home deadline at 10 p. m. Recalling that change, Council President William P. Theurer said, 'You know, we changed that from 10 o'clock for the benefit of the high school, students. We thought that solved the problem." And Alderman Pfeiffer added par- enthetically, "In most towns it is Ross cited as an example of how They did. In committee session, Alderman Pfeiffer declared, "Leave it and added, "Those little bits of girls should be Second Ward Al- derman Joseph Dettle said, "Forget President Theurer contended, "That's something for the school and Third Ward Alderman Howard Baumann said, "The schools tell us to enforce it." Privately several of them said they believed the police department used discretion in enforcing the cur- few on such nights as the high school prom. Both aldermen and teen-ageri seemed to agree that the mechanics of working out an Identification card system for special nights were tre- mendous. ;