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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 17, 1948, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 257 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 17, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES Rail Pay Army Gets Men, Total Strength Washington The arm- ed forces picked up men in November, bringing their total strength to The Army gained for an estimated total of in- cluding draftees. An of- ficial said all selective sen-ice figures were not in when the list was made up. That set the Army's gain In volunteers at slightly over compared to the October figure of The Navy gained for a December 1 total of and the marine corps gained ten men for a total of Expiring enlistments, mean- while, cut Air Force strength almost from on November 1 to at the end of the month, including new men. 'Kitty Hawk' Welcomed Back To America Wright Brothers Given Full Credit For Invention By James J. Strebijr, Associated Press Aviation Reporter Washington An official welcome home was arranged today for the clumsy craft which first propelled man into the air and changed the pace of peace and war, The ceremony comes 45 years to the hour after Wilbur and Orville Wright went aloft in their popularly known as the "Kitty Hawk" for the North Carolina town near which it flew. t Chief Justice Vinson was sched-; eralagents. station's two tall transmitting tow- uled to accept the wood, wire and The House un-American activities committee also: jay shattered in the French sec- cloth biplane from Milton Wright Showed signs of reopening the Alger Hiss case by of Dayton, Ohio acting for the: Francis B. Sayre, former assistant secretary of state and Hiss' orfe-1 Radio Berlin's personnel refused Suspect Questioned In Bomb Sight Leak By Douglas B. Cornell Washington Congressional spy hunters said today the man accused of getting the Norden bomb sight secret for Russia is a ballistics expert who has been spotted and questioned by fed- Jnd apparently with r broadcasting power, even though the RIGS Promise Reprisals in Radio Warfare Station Back on Air Despite Loss Of Berlin Towers By Thomas A. Reedy Berlin Radio Berlin was doing business at the same old stand again today. Russia's most powerful propaganda voice in Germany went back on the air only 12 hours after j the French had blown up its giant ;ransrnission towers. Soviet Commentator Heinz. Schmidt began broadcasting again last night on the same wave length his uncle, Orville died last January decades after he had sent the plane to London because American au- thorities had been reluctant to give him and his brother full credit as discoverers of the1 principle of mechanical flight. But Orvllle's papers disclosed that he had asked the museum of South Kensington to return the relic after his death for deposit in the Smithsonian institution. Vinson, as chief justice, is chan- cellor of the Smithsonian. Vice-Presldent-Elect Barkley ar-j ranged to make the acceptance speech. President Truman prepared a message to be read by his Air Force aide, Colonel Robert B. Lan- dry. The British ambassador, Sir Oliver Franks, planned a discussion of his country's relations with the Wrights. The 600-pound plane was hoisted into position In the north hall of the arts and industries building Monday. It hangs from cables as the first exhibit to greet visitors beyond the main entrance. The spot was occupied for many years by Qharles A. Lindbergh's "Spirit of St. Louis." now moved back in the: same hall. The "Kitty Hawk's" flying ex- perience covered a span little longer than the scheduled ceremonies. The brothers made four hops within an hour and a half. The plane was damaged on the fourth landing, and was completely wrecked a few min- utes later when the wind rolled it over and over on the hard sand. Much of the original plane was saved, however, and stored at Day- ton, Ohio. Then Orville crated it time boss, to be a witness Monday or Tuesday. British Soldier Slain by Soviets, Eight Captured Berlin (JP) A British army spokesman said today one British soldier was killed and eight others early in 1928 and sent it to London, expressing despair of getting proper recognition at home. were captured by Russian troops when they accidentally crossed into the Soviet zone Wednesday night. The eight soldiers still are held by the Russians. Captain John Pugh, the British spokesman, said the men were hunt- ing rabbits in the heavily wooded area near the zonal border and strayed unwittingly into the Rus- sian zone. Although Assigned Representative McDowell to go to New York as a one- man subcommittee and question oth- er witnesses about Hiss' activities back in the 1930's. to say how they managed it. Ger- man engineers said they might be using another tower at Potsdam. Schmidt declared in his broadcast that an "order from Washington" not the French had been responsible ...iror the dynamiting. Kept its furious feud going with Taouiir.he Rund President Truman and the Justice department. Mr. Truman isn't changing a bit his stand that the committee spy case is a "red her- ring." That's what he told a news conference late yesterday. Further Study Hoped Committee members jeered at that, especially since a New York grand Jury indicted Hiss on a per- jury charge on evidence turned up Taegliche Rundschau, official Soviet army newspaper, hinted at reprisals. barbaric demolition will be' entered in future accounts and ail necessary conclusions drawn from Editor S. Timofejew wrote. "German public opinion fully and completely supports the decisive protest of Soviet authorities in Ber- lin against the high-handed act of the French military Bad Weather Balks Greenland Rescue Efforts St. John's Nfld. Ef- forts to rescue nine U. S. air- men, stranded on a wind-swept Greenland ice cap, were bogged down today by bad weather, but the men remained in good spirits. "We're the group mes- saged over its portable radio transmitter. The men asked that food and fuel for their small heater be parachuted to them. Gliders and ski equipped planes have been stationed at Narsarssuak, 100 miles from the group's emergency camp, to car- ry out the rescue operation. A helicopter was prepared for pos- sible use. Clark Wants Laws Against Spies Tightened Gen- eral Clark said today the admin- istration will ask for tightening of the nation's espionage laws as soon as the new Congress meets next j month. as a result of the .committee's spy i the Russian editor said. hearings. The communist-led Socialist Unity party issued a manifesto to all Ber- to that same grand jury and that the Incident occurred Wednesday, news of it did not leak out until last night. A British army statement describ- ed it today as a "minor frontier Incident of a quite harmless origin." The shooting, however, empha- a new grand jury will go more deep ly Into the case. It was set up aft- er the other jury expired at mid- night Wednesday. Representative Mundt acting committee chairman, has said the man is a civilian employe of the army at Its Aberdeen (Md.) proving ground but Is temporarily on leave because of Illness. The proving ground tests weapons and all sorts of equipment. The man is described as an its henchmen" planned "further! Clark made the statement after attending a meeting of President Truman's cabinet at the White House. Mr. Truman told his news con-j ference yesterday, in reply to question, that he had asked Clark to look into the possibility of tightening up the espionage laws. He said the Justice department had been studying the matter for some time, but that It was a difficult matter to handle and still stay Constitution's bill of Non-Operating Personnel Would Benefit 7-Cent-An-Hour Wage Increase Retroactive to Oct. 1 By Norman Walker Washingtsn A presidential board today recommended that the railroads give their "nonopcrating" employes a seven-cents an hour wage increase immediately and put them on a 40-hour week next Sep- (tember without loss in pay. j The nonopernting employes I the clerks and mechanical workers who do not operate trains now work 48 hours a week. The board proposed that the sev- en-cent increase be retroactive to October 1. Under the proposal, the shift to the 40-hour week would be made without any change In "take home" sabotage acts." It called on Berliners to institute rights. Today, Clark was asked what was 'security measures" in all industrial being done by his department along plants of the Soviet sector to lines Mr. Truman mentioned. in unity with the Socialist Unity party against destroyers of the Ger- man capital." Communist controlled trade unions and cultural organizations in Berlin Joined in heaping denuncia- tions on both the United States and France. Brigadier General Jean Ganeval, The label placed on the plane jpected no repercussions from the today gives the Wrights full incident. Negotiations for return of however, for inventing and devel-jthe arrested men are now going on, oping the first man-carrying said, ine. sized for many Allied observers the wmttaKer unamoers, wno nas strained atmosphere now prevailing testified that he was a courier for between the Russians and the west- a red SDV before splitting with I the communists in 1938, apparently supplied the man's name to the com- mittee as something of an after- thority on such things as said bombing tables and projectiles general, but not anyone with fancy title or salary. Whittaker Chambers, who has ern powers. The army spokesman said he ex- Will Rogers, Jr., Endorsed for U. 5. Indian Commissioner Denver The National Con- gress of American Indians Thurs- day endorsed Will Rogers, Jr., for atom master today gave a shot in the post of U. S. Indian commis-'the arm to hopes for a new source Atomic Energy Prospects Good Denver America's chief thought. Secrets Reported Copied Chambers named Hiss as among his sources of secret documents he says were sneaked from government because a they menaced American and British airlift planes flying into nearby Tegal airfield. The Russians had ignored a no- tice last month that the demolition would be carried out. Major General Alexander Kotikov, the Russian commander In Berlin, protested the French action. He de- clared the dynamiting was "illegal and arbitrary" and said he was not satisfied with explanations that the towers menaced airlift planes. The demolition climaxed a long He replied: "We'll have some recommenda- tions right at the beginning of the to the present statutes on espionage." He refused to go into detail. 'Deflation Senator Says Washington Senator Elmer Thomas (D.-Okla.) said today "de- It's Her Majesty, Queen Virginia of the Tournament of Roses. Blue-eyed, blonde Virginia Bower, above, 18, Pasadena City college coed, was chosen yesterday to preside over this city's colorful Rose parade and Rose bowl football game on New Year's day. The daugh- ter of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph C. Bower, Arcadia, Calif., was selected from among of this area's loveliest. nation Is on." "We are not in inflation Thomas told a reporter. Congress Set to Step Up Military Efficiency Washington Whatever the Hoover commission suggests to step up the military's efficiency and pare its costs will ge 350inWinona Benefit The proposed change in the work week for the ing railroad workers would af- fect about 350 at the North Western shops here alone. Approximately 170 of those are in the motive department, where the employment is rela- tively stable, while the re- mainder arc in the car depart- ment, which has been at that ]cvcl since June. At work on ft 500 car rebuilding; program, North Western officials expect employment in the car depart- ment to remain at a high level throughout the winter. Last winter about 100 were laid off in October. quick and careful study in Congress. The next chairman of the Senate armed services committee said so today. He is Senator Tydlngs whose committee will have a big say on any new laws' that may be proposed by the government reorganization commission headed by former President Herbert Hoover. A commission "task force" report- ed to the full group yesterday that this country's defense costs are too high and that the law which uni- fied the Army, Navy and Air Force "is not working well." Will Study Findings It remains to be seen what the commission itself will say in its copesoe on cnuld be turned over to He later in the Interview referred to the condition as.a "slight defla- 'Deflation I report due next month, but Tyd- ings said the findings will be given Party Plans Welcome for Dixiecrats and predicted it would con- tinue for a period unless Congress sioner. tof power. In addition, the congress adopted) David E. uuenthal, chairman in 1938. a resolution recommending v s, Atomic C0mmis- the post of commissioner always said prospects for atomlc given to a person of Indian ln Iuture are good Rogers, who addressed the con-i vention at its closing session is part Cherokee Indian. n pback Hiss has denied having any part in such activity and has said he told the truth to the grand jury. Sayre was an assistant secretary of state in 1938. Some of the secret documents the committee obtained from Chambers carried the stamp Ration's studio is located In appropriates more money than can the British sector. Radio Berlin has been pounding communist propaganda over the air- waves since 1945. Meantime the future brightened today for Germany newspapers in the American zone. The U. S. military government announced last night the papers increase, prices will drop, can use their present publishing! "Buying power figures are based plants for at least eight more years. on 800 commodities. The average be raised by taxes. "The dollar has been as low as 57 cents in buying Thomas said. "It now is back up to 61.1 cents. In the last six months the buying power has Increased three cents on the dollar. "As supplies of scarce materials of his office. Hiss worked in Sayre's lice in 1938. An AMG spokesman said in a [decrease shows that while some of e___ v broadcast German papers can signithe 800 may have increased, a ma- It appears clear that atomic' (Continued on Page 4, Column 3.) leases at a reasonable cost jority of them have decreased in The son of the late humorist told tht convention he believed that Dillon S. Myer, former war reloca- 1 tion authority head, should be given the commissionership. However, should Myer continue to' refuse has done so Rogers would accept, he said, and "do everything possible to justify the great honor you have paid me." energy is on a sound basis for an indefinite period in the he said in a statement prepared for! a press conference. I Lilienthal explained that a wet blanket was tossed on hopes for atomic power by recent estimates that known reserves of uranium would last only 30 years and not more than 40. SUSPECT Farmers Back From Europe New York Four Midwest- "As explicitly as national security ern fanners said last night a month's with a renewal option of another three years. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST WInona and vicinity: Pair to- night. Saturday partly cloudy and warmer. Low tonight ten in the city, Rogers, a Beverly Hills, Calif., he declared, "the atomic tour of Europe convinced them! 30, eight in rural areas. High Saturday top priority by his committee. "Without doubt there is much By Jack Bell Washington Prodigal fol- room for increased efficiency, econ- lowers Oj the states. move. price." The senator added: omy, coordination and unification, he told a reporter, adding: "Any Hoover commission proposals that fit into these categories will be pushed." Among other things, the task force report suggested that the sec- retary of defense be given greater power over the three services now represented by separate secretaries within the defense establishment. Law Needs Tightening Senator Russell of Georgia, who will be the No. 2 Democrat on iTydings' committee, said results to ment may find the welcome mat out for them when the Democratic party stages its annual Jefferson- Jackson day dinners early next year. pay. The board calculated that it would take the equivalent of a 20 per cent base rates to preserve the "take home" pay un- changed. Cost The board estimated its proposals would cost the railroads 000 In 1949. This would includo for the cost of the 40- hour-week from September to tho end of 1949, plus the seven-cent In- crease for all of 1949, The workers had asked a cut In the work week to 40 hours, without any reduction hi "take home" pay, and on top of that a 25 cents an hour wage increase. The so called "nonoperating" railroad workers are those who do not operate trains. The board's recommendations, made today to President Truman, are not binding on the carriers or unions. But such recommendations made under terms of the railway abor act usually form the basis for dispute settlements. The board was headed by Wll- iam M. Leiserson, with David L. Cole and George Cook as members. Part of National Policy The board said that it felt the nonoperating rail workers should ;et the 40-hour week because "all Democratic officials are said interstate industries have had "I don't think this country could j date of the unification law "are bear much deflation as the national disappointing." "But I can't blame Secretary For- income would fall and that would mean tax collections needed to op- restal or the separate services for Russell said. "When we final- ly drafted the unification act it was largely a series of compromises between the forces and members of Congress. newspaper publisher and former congressman, said that although most of the bureau's employes are Indians, few of them rise to posi- tions of importance. He called for repeal of the which prohibits sale of whisky to Indians. energy commission wishes to state that it finds no basis in fact for these statements about extremely limited uranium ore supplies. "Instead, the contrary uranium supplies." European nations are thriving un- der the Marshall plan. They said after 1950 most of the countries will, be economically independent. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations -for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 22; minimum, 10; is true The farmers arrived at New York noon, 15; precipitation, none; sun 'international airport Thursdayfromisets tonight at sun rises to- Low-grade camotite ore found in Paris. The group was the first at western Colorado is now the only turning of 25 farmers who left No-j sri-ronm source of uranium production in the United- States. Be a Good Fellow The following is a list of con-jTwo Firemen Hurt tributions to the Good Fellows fund', to date: Previously listed Kiwanis club A friend 1.00 A friend 2.00 E. P. J. Altura......... 3.00 Mrs. B. F. Kressin..... 2.00 Marv Glason 1.00 C. W. Scnty 1.00 K. S................ 5.00 Coca-Cola Bottling Co. 5.00 Jones Kroeger Co., and Employes 51.40 EXTENDED FORECAST vember 16 to study conditions ini Minnesota and Wisconsin: Tem- iperatures will average 2-5 degrees group of fanners below normal north to near normal Europe. The entire __ ______ from Nebraska, Iowa, South Dakota south.. Normal maximum 18 north, and Kansas visited England 39 south. Normal minimum zero north, 15 south. Warmer Saturday. i S1509.09 Mrs. Georye clothing. David A Carman A friend canned goods, toys and footwear. In Milwaukee Blaze Milwaukee (JP) Two firemen were injured last night battling a two-alarm fire at the Hartung Mo- tor Company. Damage was estimated at by District Fire Chief Karl Schuh and at between and by L. P. Hartung, owner of the! garage. The fire was believed to have started in a defective hearing unit above a showroom ia the sales agen- cy. It damaged two new cars be- ing held for Christmas delivery and the roof above the salesroom and garage. One new car, wrapped in cellophane as a Christmas gift, was undamaged in a show window. The injured firemen were not hurt seriously. France, Denmark, Holland, Ger- many, Switzerland, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and Monaco. Slightly colder Monday. Much colder Tuesday. Precipitation will average one-fourth to one-half inch southeast occurring as rain south and snow north beginning south portion Saturday night overspread- ing entire area Sunday. Snow flur- ries north Monday. ____ TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prec. Chicago 39 27 Denver............. 32 10 Des Moines ........32 17 Duluth 9 2 International Falls Kansas City .......43 25 Los Angeles .......50 42 Miami 79 73 Mpls.-St. Paul .....20 6 New Orleans.......81 63 New York.........42 38 Seattle .............45 30 Phoenix 42 erate and maintain the government! would decrease." 300 Known Dead In Brazil Floods Rio de Janeiro, Brazil More than 300 are known dead, hundreds are rrngsing and thou- sands are homeless in two states of Brazil today in the wake of heavy rains which sent torrential floods over wide areas. The rains had beat down with deadly monotony for 15 days on the state of Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais, topped off by a cloud burst two days ago. Authorities of boih states said hundreds were Injured Communications and transport stm were disrupted today and offi- cials of the two states were unable to assess the full toll of damage and casualties. The state authorities asked the federal government to rush military planes to the worst-hit to parachute medicines and foodstuffs T for the many persons who evacuated flooded towns and sought refuge in jthe hills. Damage and casualties extended .jto an area of about sqUfcre miles In the southeast part of Minas 1.49 Gerais and the northern part of ialRio de Janeiro state. The rains came after a dry period ..Iwhich had lasted eight months, be planning to send Invitations as a sort of indirect peace gesture to many who strayed somewhat afield in the election campaign. In fact, one Democratic official who didn't want to be named told a reporter: "You may be surprised at how many of the so-called Dixiecrats attend these dinners as good Demo- crats." the 40-hour week since 1938 'when the fair labor standards act was adopted." The board said the 40-hour week "is now firmly a part of our na- tional industrial policy." The board recommended that the railroads be given until September 1, 1849 to prepare for Inauguration of the shorter work week. Meanwhile, it said, an immediate It was emphasized, however, thatjseven cents hourly wage increase there will be no peace moves be granted retroactive to Oc- the party toward those who took leading roles in the civil rights revolt which cost President Truman 39 southern electoral votes. For instance, no one expects the third round wage increases in 1948. The five operating railroad unions. to either I Governor J. Strom Thurmond of "The whole act needs tightening Carolina or Governor Field- ing L. Wright of Mississippi to come back Into the fold. They were the standardbearers for the states' rights ticket. On the other hand, it was indi- cated that a lot of other some of whom took lusty cracks at the President's civil rights proposals find that most, if not all, is forgiven. President Truman has said hej up and I'm certain that will be of the first orders of business in the new Congress." Israel Refused U.N. Membership bid for mem- ibership in the United Nations fail- ed to win security council approval today. Five nations voted to admit Israel. Five abstained and one voted against the new state. An affirma- tive vote of seven is needed for approval by the 11-nation council. Syria, one of the Arab nations at war with Israel, voted against the application. Voting for Israel were the United States, Russia, the Soviet Ukraine, Argentina and Colombia. Abstaining. were Britain, China, France, Canada and Belgium. Earlier, the council sidetracked for the day an Egyptian protest iiat Israelis attacked trapped Egyp- ian. forces yesterday at Faluja In Negev desert of southern Pales- tine, j tober 1. The board said the seven-cent in- crease would be "considerably low- er" than the general pattern of isn't mad at anyone. While that may not be strictly true of some of his followers, the general trend among Democratic leaders has been _ _ toward patching up, rather than composed of approximately workers who actually run the trains, settled for a ten-cent hourly In- crease several months ago. Boy Locked In Theater not much fun to wake up in a darkened and locked theater, Richard Peterson, eight. widening, the party break. For this reason, most politicians hers think there is a lot of smoke but very little fire in the movement io thump the states fighters' heads by denying them important com- mittee assignments in Congress. m Resigns School Job Miss Mabel Robin- son resigned today as Mower county superintendent of schools after 14 years of service. She has accepted a post in the public relations sec- tion of the Minnesota Education association in St. PauL Her resigna- tion will be effective some time be- tween January 15 and February 1. Richard went to the Lyceum theater after finishing classes yester- day at the Bryant school and fell asleep while watching a movie. He woke up about midnight last night to find he was the only per- son left in the theater. The boy groped his way to the front of the building where he attracted the at- tention of people walking by. Patrolmen Frederick J. Williams and F. I. Ylinen, summoned to the scene, explained to the boy from the outside of the theater how he could make his way to the Fifth avenue west fire escape and get out of the building. The trapped boy followed their nstructions and was taken home by the police squad. ;