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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 16, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Continued Cold Tonight, Sunday VOTE TODAY for TOPS IN OUR TOWNl VOLUME NO. 256 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SATURDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 16, 1950 WINONA, MINNESOTA, SIXTEEN PAGES TRUMAN PROCLAIMS STATE OF EMERGENCY; UNIT CALLED JANUARY 16 Officer! Of Winona'i National Guard company this morning inspected the unit's equipment. Look- Ing over the 57-millimeter recoilless rifle and a .30 caliber machine gun (in the foreground) are, left to right, First Sergeant Tom Buscovick, Captain Lucian Grupa, commanding officer of Company A; Sergeant Thomas Wood, leader of the machine gun section, and First Lieutenant Douglas Streuber, executive officer of Company A. Republican-Herald photo Company A to Train At Camp in Alabama The "sweating out" period has come to an abrupt end for the 80- odd enlisted men and officers of Winona's National Guard com- pany. On the heels of Friday night's Army announcement that two Na- tional Guard divisions including the 47th of which Company A, 135th Infantry regiment here, is a be federalized January 16, came official word this morning alerting the unit for train- ing nt Camp Rucker, Ala. By a suprising coincidence, the State Guard St. up of a state guard to replace units of the 47th division, which has been called to active duty, was announced today by Governor Youngdahl. The governor said the new guard units will assume homo defense duties along with thoit units of the National Guard which have not been called to active military serv- ice. company will leave Winona exactly ten years tc the day after its pre- decessor Battery H of the 216th Coast Artillery (anti-aircraft) en- trained for defense training prior to U. S. entry into World War II The 153 officers and men of Bat- tery H entrained January 16, 1941, for March Field, Calif. Personnel of the unit later were split up to provide cadres for other outfits, but the battery saw service in Europe and Okinawa during the war years. 1st Friday Although the call to duty last August of four other Guard divi- sions throughout the nation had led personnel of the local unit to anticipate a similar call, Friday night's government announcement was the first notice received here of the action. As a matter of fact, it was not until this morning that Captain Lu- cian Grupa, commanding officer of Company A, received a telegram from divisional headquarters re- garding the mobilization. Generally speaking, most mem-1 (Continued on Page 13, Column 6.) COMPANY A I Company A Roster This is the complete roster of Company A 135th Infantry Regiment of the Minnesota Na- tional Guard which will leave Wi- nona January 16, 1951 for active duty at Camp Rucker, Ala.: Captain Lucian S. Grupa, com- pany commander. First Lieutenant Douglas W. Streuber, executive officer. Master Sergeant Thomas M. Buscovick, first sergeant- Sergeant First Class Clifford H. Brown, unit Maintenance care- taker. Sergeants First Class Victor J. Foster. Ray A. Haggen. Rudolph H. Laak. Robert J. Tullius. Sergeants Lester H. Berg. James V. Niggle. Allen L. Osborne. Arnold J. Smith. Victor C. Stensrud. Roman Weilandt. Lee R. Williamson. Thomas H. Wood. Robert E. Young, unit admin- istrator. Richard C. Zenk. Corporals Willard D. Anderson. (Continued on Page 3, Column 3.) COMPANY A ROSTER Affectionate Goodbyes like this one will be common January 15, when Winona's National Guard unit is scheduled to leave for training exactly ten years to the day after Winona's pre-World War II National Guard unit (Battery H) went into federal service. This picture was taken at the Mil- waukee railroad station January 16, 1941. Switchmen End Strike After Truman's Plea Settlement Announced in Washington Washington The train- men's strike, which has tied up railroad service in widespread parts of the nation, appeared to be ending today but there was some question as to whether the underlying issues have been set- tled. The Postoffice department today canceled its embargo restrictions on Christmas parcel post. Trainmen went back to work in i a number of cities where yard service has been disrupted, and a union official who figured in the talks here reported agreement on the issues was reached late last night. However, others who were in. on the discussions said that while the strike appeared to be over, there actually had been no agreement on issues. These persons said rep- resentatives of the union the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen were told that the men would have to go back to work first, be- fore there could be further nego- tiation. President Truman in his speech to the nation last night urged that the trainmen return to work in the interests of national defense. Neither the union official who reported agreement nor those who said tie issues are still unresolved would authorize newsmen to quote them by name. The trainmen have been in a wage-hour dispute with the car- riers for 21 months. The lines have been in custody of the Army since August, when the government took them over to avert a general rail strike. Basically, the union asked 48 hours pay for a 40-hour week for men in yard work, to match gains won by other rail unions earlier. An end of the strike was count- ed on to ease quickly the situation which has affected Chicago, Wash- ington, Cleveland, St. Louis and other cities, and tied up Christmas mail packages and express mat- ter. Three federal courts have order- ed the workers to return. So had Union President W. P. Kennedy. Yesterday the government started contempt of court proceedings against the union. Government represent- atives have been striving for months to effect a peaceful agree- ment. Loss In Building Fire At Fond du Lac Fond du Lac, spec- tacular half-million dollar fire des- troyed the big three-story brick office and storage building of the Sanitary Refrigerator Company in three hours this morning. The blaze, described by Fire Chief Henry Grunenwald as one of the worst in the city's history, des- troyed scores of finished refrigera- tors and all the office facilities. Edward Roll, a vice-president of the firm, estimated the loss at approximately Gasoline Rationing Appears Unlikely Washington The govern- ment's deputy oil boss said yes- terday that gasoline rationing doesn't appear likely in the forsee- able future. Bruce -K. Brown, deputy admin- istrator of the petroleum adminis- tration for defense, told aewsmen that the stepped up mobilization program including plans for an 84-group Air Force has not changed prospects that there will be ample supplies of gasoline. The military currently uses less than five per cent of the petroleum consumed in this country, Brown said. Governor Youngdahl, second from right, and Minnesota National Guard officers study plans for mobilizing units of the 47th division, which has been ordered into federal service, at St. Paul this morning. Also pictured, left to right, are Lieutenant Colonel John Irons; Brigadier General J. E. Nelson, state adjutant general; Lieutenant Colonel Leon H. Hagen; Youngdahl and Colonel Harland ByneU, Irons, Hagen and Bynell are officers in the 47th Wirephoto to The Republi- can-Herald.) Yanks Quit Hamhung, Hold on at Hungnam Tokyo Allied beachhead forces abandoned Hamhung today to the Chinese Reds pounding against them in masses of "sea wave" sttflcks The defenders withdrew from the wrecked industrial city into a tight ring around Hungnam port on the Sea of Japen, six miles to the Charles Wilson Named Head Of Mobilization Charles Wilson Tru- man today created a new Office of Defense Mobilization to "direct, control and co-ordinate all mobili- zation activites." Its director will be Charles E. Wilson, president of General Elec- tric Company. Mr. Truman gave the new mob- ilization chief authority over all the powers contained in the de- fense production 'act of 1950. Mr. Truman's executive order said the activities directed by the new agency will include, but not be limited to, production, procure- ment, manpower, stabilization and transport activities. Duties in these fields will be per- formed by the various agencies and officials to whom they were previously assigned, Mr. Truman specified, but they now are "sub- ject to the direction and control of the director." The President handed Mr. Wil- son a virtual blank check to abol- ish, create and reshape the de- fense agencies and to merge most of them into a single powerful mobilization agency when and if he chooses. southeast. Demolition charges blasted the heart of Hamhung before the pull- out. Terror-stricken North Korean refugees swarmed by tens of thou- sands across frozen fields and down roads toward the Allied beachhead. As the last American soldier-left Hamhung at p.m. a Red Ko- rean flag flapped out over one house. The city lay open to Chinese Communists who watched from outlying ridges as demolitions cas- caded towering clouds of black smoke into the sky. Then the Chinese swarmed in- to the Hamhung suburbs. The Chinese pressed Allied de- fenders into their shrinking beach- head with attacks that overran forward positions by sheer weight of manpower masses. 'They are throwing great groups of people in columns at one point in our Major General Ro- bert H. Soule said. "It is the same 'sea wave' tactic they used in China (to rout Chiang Kai-shek's "They try to overrun one par- ticular position. It's a ferocious at- tack. They blow bugles and whist- les and suddenly strike in such numbers they are bound to overrun some of us. "You just have got to kill them. That's the only thing stick and kill them." Soule is commander of the U. S. Tnird division. Its American, Puer- to Rican and South Korean with their backs to the sea are defending the tiny U. S, 10th corps toehold in the Hamhung- Hungnam port area. An Army security blackout con- tinued to blanket reports of Allied troops not engaged in combat op- erations. Auto Prices Frozen at Dec. 1 Level government today froze the price of new auto- mobiles at the level of December 1, 1950. The action rolls back price in- creases averaging five per cent an- nounced by General Motors, Ford, Chrysler and Nash on their 1951 models. The order was issued by the Economic Stabilization Agency, which said the freeze on manufac- turer's prices will last until March 1. "Wage and salary stabilization within the industry is being stu- ESA's announcement added, "and action on it will be taken at the earliest possible moment." The order is the first price ceil- ing established since the death of OPA in 1946. The ESA explained that it is suspending all price ad- vances for the temporary period, pending a study on whether labor Top Production, Inflation Curbs Planned for U. S. Rapid Expansion Of Armed Services Will Be Ordered Washington President Tru- man today proclaimed a state of national emergency, summoning the nation to marshal its strength against the threat of "Communist world conquest." Mr. Truman signed the proclam- ation at a.m. His action was announced by Stephen Early, act- ing press secretary, five minutei later. The proclamation called Americans to a united effort to build up the nation's armed forces and throw the "full moral material strength" of the country into the protection of its freedom. The White House released a Jong list of laws, carrying extraordin- ary powers, which it said automat- ically became effective upon sign- ing of the declaration. But many of them were merely reassertions of powers already held by Mr. Truman under the de- fense production act and other postwar legislation. Urge RUM to Further, Early said, it is uncer- tain whether Mr. Truman will use some of the emergency powers. The proclamation is part of Mr. Truman's effort to get produc- tion-speeding, inflation-curbing ma- chinery in motion behind a rearm- ament program aimed at forcing Russia to choose peace instead of war. In a major address last night, Mr. Truman heralded the proclam- ation as intended to call on "every citizen to put aside his personal interests for the good of the coun- try." He called it a first step to- ward "rapid expansion to full mo- bilization if that becomes neces- sary." The White House said powers in an emergency include authority to lengthen hours in Army arse- nals, to requisition ships, call the Coast Guard reserve to active duty, make temporary promotions in the armed forces, waive com- petitive bids on defense contracts, and authorize war-risk insurance. Call to All "I summon every person and every community to make, with a spirit of neighborliness, what- ever sacrifices are necessary for the welfare of the Pre- sident Truman said in his procla- mation. and other cost increases price boosts on new cars. The order is effective imme- Events in Korea and elsewhere, justify j he said, constitute a "grave threat to the peace of the world and diately. ESA announced that "other effective action necessary to achieve stabilization" presum- ably, other price fol- low. F.B.I., Madison Police Catch Escaped Thug Madison, Wis. Morris Gu- ralnick, at 35 one of the nation's "ten most wanted was arrested Friday night after bat- tling F.B.I, agents and three po- licemen in a clothing store. He faces arraignment before U. S. Commissioner A. J. MacNanamy on a charge of unlawful flight to avoid prosecution for aggravated assault at Kingston, N. Y. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Partly cloudy and continued cold tonight and Sunday. Lowest tonight five above in city, near zero in coun- try. High Sunday 16. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 20; minimum, 2; noon, 5; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 9. imperil the efforts of this country and those of the U. N. to prevent aggression and armed conflict." The President added: "World conquest by Communist imperialism is the goal of the forces of aggression that have been loosed upon the world." If this goal is achieved, he said, I Americans will forfeit the "full i and rich life" they have built, the (Continued on 13, Column 7.) TRUMAN President Truman signs a proclamation of a state of na- tional emergency in his White House office at Washington this morning summoning the nation to marshall its strength against, the threat of "Com- munist world conquest." P. Wirephoto to The Republi- can-Herald.) DOWNTOWN WINONA STORES OPEN UNTIL 9 O'CLOCK TONIGHT ;