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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 9, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Russia May Decide: NOW IS TIME TO STRIKE Here's What Mobilization Means to You Dollar Slated To Lose 10% Of Value in Year By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington To most people, government decisions have only a rather distant and unreal meaning. Yet certain decisions made during these last terrible days, in smoky conference rooms in the White House, the Pentagon, the old State department building and else- where, will most closely and in- timately affect every American. For these decisions add up to na- tional mobilization. This is the price we shall have to pay for the years of incredible self-delusion, which will certainly puzzle future historians, when the United States permitted the world balance of power to be weighted ever more heavily in favor of the Soviet empire. And no one can be sure that a greater price will not have to paid. FOR NO ONE CAN BE SURE THAT THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN HAVE NOT CON- CLUDED THAT NOW IS THE TIME TO HAVE A WAR, NOW THAT THE L'NITED STATES IS WEAK AND ITS ALLIES DE- FENSELESS. Here is what national mobiliza- tion is likely to mean to you. If you are a young man, and not now in service, the chances are very high that you soon will be, either through a rapidly stepped up draft or through universal mil- itary service. In the latter case, you may expect to spend two years in uniform, including a year of training and another year of serv- j ice with a regular unit. Longer Work Week If you are worker in an in- dustry now producing civilian goods, you may be out of a job temporarily in the near future, while industry is converted to war production. You can then expect Jo work at least a 48-hour week, rather than the present 40-hour week. It is quite possible that your labor will ultimately be directed by the government. If you are a business man, your business may be ordered, if nec- essary, into defense work. You can expect price control s.oon as an adequate enforcement staff can be organized probably in about two months. But this will bis only the prelude to controls which may in the end be a good deal more rig- orous that in the wur. Whoever you are, you can ex- pect that your dollar will lose value rather rapidly, even with the most rigid controls about ten per cent a year, according to one informed guess. At the same time, the chances are that you will soon be paying taxes higher than dur- ing the last war, in whatever in- come bracket you may be. In. short you can expect a considerable low- ering of your standard of living. The government decisions which justify this set of dreary predic- tions may be briefly listed. In the first place, the er limit for the armed services es- tablished so recently by President Truman has been hastily discard- ed. No new limit has been set. This will depend on what training cadres can be salvaged from the tragic wreckage in Korea; on the rate of production of new arms and equipment; and on the man- power needs of industry. But cer- tainly the new figure will be very much higher than any yet con- templated. Similarly, the limit of billion or thereabouts for military expen- ditures which Defense Secretary George Marshall and Deputy Sec- retary Robert Lovett were trying to establish before disaster struck, lias also of course been abandon- ed. A good guess is that the an- nual rate will soon be pushed up to between and billion. At the same time, planned expendi-! hires for strengthening our Allies have been quadrupled, to between and S24 billion. 5100 Billion Budget This means an annual budget edging up rapidly toward a stag- gering billion, to be imposed j on an economy already bursting: at the scams. Yet dollars have ceased to be the true yardstick, j The only true measure of the na-! tional mobilization which is now! in prospect is how quickly this country and its Allies can exchange strength for weakness. If the job is to be done, and if the na- j tional economy is not to burst j once and for all, something pretty I close to an economic dictator- ship is required. Plans for scrapping the present cumbrous, incoherent and tenta- live mobilization machinery and j creating a new organization sort of streamlined War Produc- tion board, with very great author- ity over 'lie whole economy already been drawn up within the National Security Resources board. These plans await only the approval of President Truman. i Powerful pressure groups and advocates of business-as-usual will j no doubt try to soften the hard j program outlined above. Yet as! every passing day makes it more clear that simple national survival is at stake, it becomes more un- likely that they will succeed. In short, about the best we can look forward to, for the indefinite fu- ture, is a full war economy. This means a standard of living which, although still less than Spartan, will be decidedly lower than that to which Americans are accustom- ed. Snow Flurries Tonight and Sunday SATURDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 9, 1950 WINONA, MINNESOTA, SIXTEEN PAGES TRUMAN MAY PROCLAIM NATIONAL EMERGENCY Solid Arrows Indicate Lines Of Effort of U. S. Marines and doughboys to escape a Communist trap south of the Changjin reservoir as well as the northward drive of the rescue column. Open arrows represent Red encirclement efforts. Allied ships are standing off the port of Hungnam and the interior city of Ham- hung (underlined) in readiness for any Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald.) RED SABOTAGE IN U. S. Valuable Secrets Easily Available To Enemy Agents (Copyright, Wtnona Republican-Herald and New Yorfc Herald Tribune, Inc.) By Yerxa and Ogden R. Reid The ease with which any saboteur or enemy agent can gather in- telligence information in the United States has aroused committees of the National Security Council in Washington. Internal security experts under the President's National Security Council have met during the past few days in a search for practical measures to shut down on "open sources" of vital information that are at present available to anyone. These so-called "open sources" include government offices, li- braries and private organizations. Many of them make available to the general public such things as Red China Wants To End Fighting, India Chief Says Lake Senegal N. Rau, India, said today General Wu Hsiu-chuan of Communist Chi- na told him that the Peiping government wants to stop the fighting in Korea as "quickly as possible." Wu also said Peiping is giving careful consideration to a peace appeal by 13 Asian and Middle East nations. The report on Rau's conversa- tions with Wu, ambassador of Red China, in Manhattan was issued by Rau after he told his fellow Asian and Middle East delegates about the meeting. The 13 delegates will meet again Monday, Rau said. Storms Abate Over Midwest By The Associated Press The storm-swept Midwest got a measure of relief today from near- I DUren- ly a week of rough weather. geographical layouts of industries, municipal plans, technical and scientific data, patents, operation- al details of transportation sys- tems, engineering plans and simi- lar material which might be of great assistance to operatives bent on wide-scale sabotage. Threat to Security This threat to the nation's se- curity has been under discussion in government circles for a long time, but little has come of it. The internal securities committees of the N.S.C. are now seeking ways to solve the problem without inter- fering more than is necessary with the tradition of open information in the United States. A typical example, though not necessarily a serious one, of how Communist party requests for in- formation are dealt with in gov- ernment circles, is revealed by cor- respondence recently brought to light between a Department of De fense officer and a well-known Pennsylvania Communist. A letter was written by Colonel J. B. Lind- sey, executive officer in the Arm- ed Forces Information and Educa- tion Division, to James H. Dolsen, of 426 Blakewell building, Pitts- Ships Stand By for Mass Evacuation Trapped Americans Fighting Way to Coast By Olen Clements Tokyo Allied warplanes and artillery pounded hard today in renewed efforts to blast out Chinese Red forces blocking the icy road of escape for trap- ped American troops. Chances o f the Marines and doughboys to escape were report- ed improved. .Clear weather brought back their air support and a rescue column of foot soldiers coming inland was reported near the trapped force. Major General Edward M. Al- mond, U. S. 10th Corps comman- der, said at p.m. Saturday that the fighting southward from Koto were near a lineup with the northbound rescue column from the Third infantry division. The objective is to get the to Hamhung port and possible evacuation by sea. A spokesman said a few of the soldiers and Marines may have joined but there still was a gap between the main forces. The lo- cation was not given. Ready for Evacuation Ships of the United Nations fleet stood ready to meet any eventual- ity off Hungnam, 45 winding miles from the trapped Americans' kick- off point at Koto town in the.deep mountains south of Changjin reser- voir. The Navy appeared to be prepar- ing for a mass evacuation of Unit- ed Nations troops from the north- east sector, now infested with 000 or Red Chinese. New th'eats mounted for the Al- lied colu-nns both the surround- ed Americans and British Marines and their rescuers. A. P. Correspondent Stan Swin- (Continued on Page 2, Column 1) KOREA A Four-Story Flat Building on Chicago's south side belches smoke as firemen seek to control a fire that raged through the building early this morning, killing at least eight Negroes. More than 100 persons resided in the stone and frame structure. Damage was estimated by firemen at (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Winds diminished, snow stopped falling and temperatures moderat- ed over the snow-covered area. But there remained much digging of the snow-clogged roads. Falls ranged as high as 44 inches in northern Michigan. Driving in many parts of the snow belt remained hazardous. There were a few snow flurries early today in the upper Great Lakes region. Temperatures also were around normal levels over other parts of the country. There was no zero weather and no severe cold was in prospect immediately, federal forecasters said. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and to- night and Sunday with some occa- sional flurries of snow. No decided change in temperature. Low to- night 15 in city, 12 in country. High Sunday 24. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations' for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 29; minimum, 16; noon, 21; precipitation, none: sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on Page 2. The address -was the headquar- ters of District No. 5, the West- ern Pennsylvania District of the Communist party, at 417 Grant (Continued on Page 2- Column 3) SABOTAGE Be a Good Fellow Prsviously Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Lehnert 1.00 Newman club of W.S.T.C............. 5.00 A friend 2.00 A friend 1.00 Ladies Auxiliary, Fra- ternal Order Eaglet 5.00 Employes of Mer- chants National Bank 37.50 From a friend 1.00 Jane Fuhlbrugge 5.00 First National Bank Employes 50.00 For the Christ Child 2.00 Craig Currier, toys and 1.00 JO Phelps School 7th Grade 15 model PT boats 3illie Ann Greenwood, clothing A friend overshoes Miss Sutherland blanket Four kids from Centerviile clothing F. C. A friend, overshoes rubcsrs Agreement on Formosa Arouses Republicans By Jack Bell Washington Three Republican senators proposed today that the United States go beyond the Truman-Attlee agreement on Formosa and arm Chinese Nationalists to fight Chinese Reds, Senators Taft of Ohio, H. Alexander Smith of New Jersey and Knowland of California said in separate interviews they are not satis- fied merely to submit the fate of Nationalist-held Formosa to the United Nations as President Tru-1 man and British Prime Minister I Attlee indicated they plan to do. Formosa, an island off the coast of China, is the last remaining stronghold of the Chinese Nation- alists. All three Republicans suggested that the United States furnish arms to the Chiang Kai-shek gov- ernment to carry on guerrilla war- fare on the continent against the Chinese Communists. In a statement which Secretary of State Acheson was scheduled to explain at a closed session of the Senate foreign relations commit- tee today, President Truman and Prime Minister Attlee called for peaceful settlement of the conflict- ing claims to Formosa. "We agreed that the issues should be settled by peaceful means and in such a way as to safeguard the interests of the peo- ple of Formosa and the mainten- ance of peace and security in the Pacific and that consideration of this question by the United Na- tions will contribute to these they said. Since the outbreak of the war in Korea, the American Seventh fleet, acting under a presidential order, has patrolled Formosan waters to prevent armed strife between the Nationalists and the Reds on the mainland. The new Formosa decision was only one of several attacked by Re- publicans in commenting on the joint communique. Democrats gen- Eight Perish In Chicago Flat Fire In Itself The Above Picture doesn't tell much of a story. It's simply a pair of Army cots placed in drab surroundings. The story is told by the people who live here. A mother and six children sleep in these two cots and one more. Two of the cots don't even have mattresses. Can you imagine sleeping three in an Army cot? This family of seven lives In an old trailer which has an addition built on one side. The father does not contribute to the support of the family. The only income is in the form of aid to dependent children from another county. Nearly all of the winter clothing the children have is worn and threadbare. Won't you help the Good Fellows see that this family and others like it are taken care of this Christ- mas? Send or faring your contribution to THE GOOD FELLOWS in care of The Republican-Herald. erally praised the accomplishments of the five-day Truman-Attlee meeting. 5 Killed in Head-on Crash in Michigan Pontiae, Mich. Five lives were claimed today by a terrific, middle-of-the-road collision of two cars near here. A sixth person was critically injured. Dead are: Susan Price, 20, of Pontiae; Shirley Harmon, 20, of Waterford township; Harold Mackey, 19 of Pontiae; Russell Gale, 27, of Pon- tiae, and Marvin Rathbun, 19, of Detroit Chicago Fire swept a crowded four-story flat building on the south side today, killing at least eight unidentified Negroes. Firemen searched the ruins for other victims and said the death toll may be higher. One woman reported her hus- band and five children missing. Of the bodies recovered, one was that of a baby. The fire was raging through the third and fourth floors when first equipment arrived. Several of the more than 100 persons living in the stone and frame structure at 124 East 31st street already had fled from their rooms. The build- ing was destroyed at a loss es- timated by firemen at Several leaped into fire nets. One woman jumped from an upper story of the blazing structure and was killed. Two other unidentified women perished in the flames. Truman Prayer Made Public New York iff) "Give therefore thy servant an un- derstanding heart." President Truman repeated this prayer in a letter to the newly-formed National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U.S.A. Made public here yesterday, his letter was a reply to "p r a y e rful remembrance" message sent him last week from Cleveland by the coun- cil's constituting convention. The President said that "these grave days" prompts him to "reiterate the prayer which I uttered before the Con- gress when I was called to so unexpectedly to assume the duties of the presidency." "Wit h true the thoughtful body perceives that the United Nations, under God, is the world's last, best hope for peace and for the welfare of the human race. "Only through an honorable and enduring world peace can we hasten the day when the kingdoms of this world shall become the kingdom of God and his law the law of ca- Step Would Put U. 5. on War Footing General Marshall Reports Move Under Consideration Washington Secretary of Defense Marshall said today Pre- sident Truman "is seriously con- sidering announcement of a decla- ration of national emergency." The secretary told reporters this as he emerged from a three-hour closed-door session wi'Ji the Sen- ate appropriations committee. The committee is considering the latest request for nearly of additional defense funds. Top ranking uniformed officers accompanied Marshall, former secretary of state and a general of the Army. Senators Back Move Marshall refused to say whether he had made a recommendation to the President for a declaration of an emergency, nor did he go into details of what such a decla- ration could cover. Several senators who heard Se- cretary Marshall and the gold- braided officers who accompanied him told reporters they favored declaring a national emergency. Such a step, senators said, would enable quick action on application of controls and a speedy buildup of the nation's fighting and de- fense production facilities. The cabinet member reportedly told the senators that he feels a base for all-out mobilization would be laid with a production cpeed-up planned under a pending military funds. He was quoted by senators as saying, however, that no decision yet had been reached on the ques- tion of full mobilization. Urges Full Mobilization Senator McClellan (D.-Ark.) told reporters he had spoken out in the closed meeting urging the declara- tion of a national emergency be- cause of the Korean war situation and the possibility that fighting would spread. "The time for full mobilization, is at McClellan declared. "In view of any intelligent inter- pretation of world conditions, timo I is wasting. I "We ought to gear our economy to all-out production and do it now. I'd rather make a mistake in that j direction than in the opposite di- rection." Senator Maybank (D.-S.C.) told reporters he had urged immediate I imposition of selected wage-price 1 controls. He said Marshall and other military leaders testified that costs of equipment were rising steadiiy. The committee was reported to have been furnished with casualty figures not yet made public, indi- cating large losses as a result of the Chinese Communist attack. Lawmakers said they were told that the United States has lost 119 airplanes in the Korean fighting thus far. Anti-aircraft Units Sent to England London Britain's defense ministry today announced three battalions of U. S. Army antiair- craft troops are expected io arrive soon at Worcester, in England's midlands. The announcement said the units were drawn from Fort Bliss, Tex- as, Fort Meade, Md., and Fort Winfield Scott, Calif. ;