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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 8, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Mostly Cloudy and Somewhat Colder Let Advertisements Be Your Shopping Guide VOLUME 50, NO. 249 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 8, 1950 TWENTY PAGES ion on Korea Left to U. N. Yanks Ba ttle Down Escape Corridor TODAY- Reds Set For Drive On French By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington The appropriate commentary on the Truman-Attlee meeting is provided by a set of facts more significant than any de cision taken by the President and Prime Minjster. At Nanning, in south China, a "liberation" army of about 200.- 000 seasoned Chinese troops, with a face-saving sprinkling of parti- sans of the Indo-Chinese Commu- nist leader, Ho Chi Minn, now stands posed to move. Thirty In- do-Chinese Communist battalions, trained in China and salted with Chinese artillerymen and techni- cians, have "crossed the Indo-Chi- na border. And a Russian military mission headed by a Soviet major general has already arrived at Nanning to supervise this new en- terprise of the Kremlin's. Thus every element of the pat- tern of preparation for the Chi- nese onslaught against Korea is now visible again in this even more important region to the southward. Moreover, as one examines the facts, it becomes clear that the in- dicated onslaught against Indo-Chi- na may occur rather soon. Raids Protested Indo-China and Korea were ori- ginally coupled as the first two targets of Communist expansion in Asia, at the celebrated Peking meeting last year. In April, Ho Chi Mini tnd Mao Tse-tung agreed up- on the present preparations, A few weeks ago. the Chinese Communist government protested "violations" and "raids" on the Indo-Chinese border in language reminiscent of their Korean pro- tests. And at the Security Council, Chinese Communist representative Wu Hsiu-chuan has actually stated in plain language that the Chinese would "liberate" Indo-China as Ko- rea has been "liberated." If these facts mean what they help to Marshal Tito. appear to mean, there is no real The meaurse was approved by hope that the battered French col- onial army of men can withstand E Chinese "liberation" effort for very long. If Indo-China is thus swept into the Soviet em- pire, every informed observer These Cars, parked outside an apartment house when Duluth's snowstorm began, are still buried today under drifts piled up by winds which accompanied the 31-inch snow. Plows engaged in clear- ing the streets merely sliced at the fringe of the drifts and actually heaped more snow onto the cars. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Senate to O.K. New Food Loan For Yugoslavia Senate Demo- cratic Leader Lucas of Illinois pre- dicted today the Senate will ap- prove a food aid au- thorization for Yugoslavia. Arranging to have a committee- approved bill called up, Lucas told reporters he sees no barriers ahead to speedy Senate action on what some administration experts have called the calculated risk cf giving the foreign relations committee with Senator Hickenlooper (R.- Iowa) withholding his vote. He did not say why. A companion measure was up for rules committee clear- ance in the House today. The United States already has made in food supplies available for drouth-stricken Yugo- slavia, which has broken with the I Kremlin but still maintains a Com- munist form of government. These I funds came from the Economic Co-opera tion administration and from military assistance voted for Europe. President Truman's request for additional funds is expected to provide enough food to carry the Yugoslavs through until the next harvest. War Trade With Russia, China Banned New York Plans What to Do When A-Bombs Fall New York -MFv- If New York Is atom bombed, every vessel in the harbor, from small launches to huge ocean liners, will be pressed into service, city officials say. They would be used to evac- uate casualties and as tempor- ary hospitals. "Arrangements have already been said the hospitals commissioner, Dr. Marcus D. Kogel, and Edward F. Cav- anagh, Jr., commissioner of marine and aviation. Cavanagh said: "The harbor usually has from, four to seven liners in port at one time. All are cally floating cities, with their own power plants, food sup- plies, and other utilities. "They could be used moor- ed as temporary hospitals, as well as for possible evacuation of injured to other cities, should the need arise." Price, Wage Curbs Called 'Self Defense' agrees that Asia will go down, na- tion by nation, like a set of nine pins. And if Asia thus goes down, it is impossible to expect prolong- ed resistance by the weaker na- tions in Western Europe. Outlook Grim Such is the possible or even pro- bable future, by which the talks of the President and the prime minis- ter must unhappily be judged. Per- haps the most revealing fact about these discussions is that the Amer- ican policy makers insisted the Chinese aggression in Korea could not be "passively yet had no positive course of action to propose when Attlee reached Washington. Their difficulty was summed up in the case for and against bomb- ing in China and Manchuria. This would appear the natural retalia- tion for the gross and flagrant ag- gression by the Chinese. But in fact our air forces in Japan, Ko- rea and Okinawa arc considerably outweighed by the Soviet air forces in eastern Siberia and Manchuria. The intelligence has uncovered un- doubted evidence of a Sino-Soviet agreement that if we bomb Chi-1 the international Communist move-1up the necessary administrative, nese and Manchurian targets, i ment. these local Soviet air forces will enter the fray. Hence the questions arose: If we bomb now, what will be the fate of the convoys carrying our troops away from the beachheads? And (Continued on Page 12, Column 6.) ALSOPS Washington By Sterlirifl F. Green Washington Senator O'Ma- honey (D.-Wyo.) today urged the American people to demand "in self defense" that the administra- tion invoke at once the wage and price controls which top officials Senator May- i conceded are inevitable. Senate, House Conferees Get New Rent Bills By Barney Livingstone Washington The federal rent control program, due to ex- pire in some areas December 31, was assured today of at least an- other two months of prob- ably more. Bills temporarily extending the rent law whipped through the Sen- ate and House yesterday, and to- day went to conference to compro- rn< Under I Fierce Fire of Chinese Reds Eighth Army Below Pyongyang Setting Up Natural Defenses Tokyo Twenty thousand trapped U. S. Marines and dough- boys crunched desperately down a steep, snow-covered canyon trail in northeast Korea today under blazing Red Chinese attack. The going was slow and tough. Thousands of Chinese mounted on dominating ridges along both sides of the twisting road swept them with gunfire. A swirling snow- storm deprived the Americans of air support. Forward elements of this bloody retreat from icy Changjin reser- French Plan Last Stand at Haiphong By Seymour Topping Haiphong, Hanoi fall before the impending Chinese Communist offensive, this Indo-Chinese seaport will become the final beachhead and possible evacuation point for the French army in northern Indo-China. The status of Hanoi and its perimeter defense has compelled the French high command quietly to ready Haiphong for any eventuality. The defenses are being ened and part of the main air force base for north Indo-China has been shifted here from Hanoi. Haiphong also would become the evacuation port in the event of a large scale Chinese Communist in vasion. The outnumbered French north Indo-China garrison would fight a delaying action while fall- ing back on the coastal center. Threatened by Reds Like other French positions in North Indo-China, Haiphong is seri- ously threatened by a poised and Communist-1 e d Vietminh army. Military and civilian leaders here say that Haiphong will be ready for any event if it can hold out until New Year's day. The French are bulwarking Hai- phong defenses, taking advantage of the waterways that make the city area virtually an island. Reinforcements are en route for the garrison. Women and children of the Third was north in an effort to clear the road be- ated 400 or more French women I and children will come here to up diV6rted Weak Rail Link and link survivors from Changjin. Eighth in New Line Haiphong is linked to Hanoi by rail and road. But the vulnerable 65-mile communications corridor is controlled fully by the French only in daylight hours. Outwardly, life appears normal in this city of half of them Chinese. Haiphong's airfield is the only one in north Indo-China which will take medium heavy bombers. Its runways are being improved pres- mise differences. As Senate-House conferees ar- ranged to meet, all advance indi- cations pointed to a 75-day exten- sion of the present control law with inclusion of a provision simplifying decontrol procedure. Provide Extensions The Senate version, passed by a vote of 55 to 28, provides for a two- month extension. The House voted 221 to 152 for a three-month exten- j the convoy were nearing Pohujang, sion- about six miles south of Koto. The Far to the southwest of this bit- ter action, the U. S. Eighth army consolidated positions on its newly formed West Korean defense line. Only patrol contact was reported with the forward units of an es- timated million Chinese Reds com- mitted to the intervention in Ko- rea. The breakout attempt -by the Ma- rines and doughboys came after Jiey had smashed through one trap n a battling, eight-mile drive to Koto from Changjin reservoir j become'T Thursday. At Koto, the weary Fifth and Seventh regiments of the U. S. Marine First division and the U. S. Seventh division's 31st and 32nd regiments joined other elements of both divisions. With them were around 50 Brit- ish commandos who were rescued from the reservoir area Wednes- day after being spotted by Marine planes. The push from Koto began early Friday, with elements of the Ma- rines' Fifth regiment fighting a rearguard action north of Koto. A tank-led convoy rumbled south- ward from the town. Under Heavy Fire U. S. Eighth army headquarters reported that forward elements of Be a Good Fellow listed 1.00 2.00 Previously M. S................ A Good Fellow Kathleen, Joey, Rita, Veronica and Casey William New Dolvin Boardman Neville-Lien Auxiliary, V.F.W. 1287 Areni Shoe Company employes 25.00 From Santa.......... 1.00 From a Minister 1.00 L.B.M................ 5.00 Two Little Sisters, Galesville 3.00 5.00 3.00 5.00 Total Mrs. Robert Henry bank (D.-S.C.) said today the U.S. I Key officials who are in daily government is about to issue an contact with President Truman order prohibiting any American i said last night that the date when ship or plane from carrying any j controls are imposed depends prl- cargo to nations under control of marily on the time required to set i lUP the I j forces. Maybank told reporters that Sec-! O'Mahoney, chairman of the Sen- retary of Commerce Sawyer had j ate-House economic committee, In effecting a compromise, Sen- ate-House conferees were expected to split the difference and accept a Senate amendment allowing a city council to decontrol local rents by a simple council resolution rath- er than a formal ordinance. The House rejected a similar decontrol amendment. As the law now stands, the main :ontrol feature of the rent law dies NTew Year's eve. Thereafter, there would be no compulsory controls except in those cities and ,ocal communities now under con- ls which elect to retain them un- al June 30. Discuss Mobilization Extension of the compulsory con- xol feature was requested by President Truman to allow the in- coming Congress time to review the road ahead drops feet in a few miles. High ridges providing excellent Chinese ambush positions make the road a death trap for some. Elements of the U. S. Third di- vision moving north to meet the forces from Koto were stalled by fierce Chinese resistance south of Majon. Majon is eight miles south of Pohujang. Even if they run this gauntlet, the Americans are threatened with forces gathering north of Hamhung for a drive on the escape port. General MacArthur's war sum- mary estimated Chinese oc- cupied the town of Sinhung, ten miles north of Hamhung and east of the Koto-Hamhung road. Anoth- General J. Lawton Collins 6) Collins Confident Army in Korea Can Take Care of Self Washington The Arm; chief of staff said on his return from Korea today that "our. forces there will be able to take care o themselves without further serious General J. Lawton Collins tol( reporters he based his belief upon a personal inspection of the war ently since it is scheduled to soon i front and conferences with Genera become a stopover on the direct air route between Hong Kong and Paris. Port facilities are limited to ves- sels of less than tons. There are blueprints for a deepwater port at adjacent Hongay, site of the richest coal fields in the Far East. Train Collision Kills Driver At Necedah By The Associated Press Blinding snow which belted most of Southern Wisconsin Thursday night claimed at least one life di- rectly, two others indirectly and tied up traffic and closed schools over a wide area. Killed as a direct result of the storm was Stanley E. Schultz, 33, of Necedah, the father of four small children. Schultz, driv- ing a new car, apparently failed to see a speeding Milwaukee Road train in the swirling snow At for some more! {Continued on Page 12, Column 4. KOREA House yesterday, Acting Press Secretary Stephen T. Early said there bad been general discussion within the administra- advised him of the forthcoming or- j said quick action is imperative be-1 tion of all-out mobilization and der. which would be in line with cause this nation's free enterprise I declaration of a state of emergency, legislation the senator introduced system is locked in a struggle with two days ago. The executive order, Maybank said, will prevent any American vessel or plane from hauling car- goes from any place in the world to a country within the Soviet or- bit. totalitarianism and Stalin expects this country to defeat itself by failure to lick the inflation prob- lem. He said all economic groups will suffer if there is further delay in i invoking controls. He emphasized, however, that no decisions had been reached. In the event such an emergency program is put into effect, strong arguments undoubtedly will be made to the new Congress for a rent law tougher than the present i one. Good Fellows Help Children In Families When Illness Hits Much of the aid the Good Fel- lows give at Christmastime goes up to the children in large fam- ilies where illness has struck. In many cases the father is working steadily, but the wages are not ample to provide the needs of his family when misfortune occurs. This letter is from a child in such a family: Dear Good Fellows: "I have a little sister, five- years-old, who is in need of a scowsuit and mittens and other clothes if she could get them. "There are seven of us in the family. Dad is working but not making very much. Moth- er is ill. "If we would receive that for my little sister, we would be very happy and would ap- preciate it very much." These children and hundreds like them in this community are forced to wear inadequate winter clothing through no fault of their own. Won't you help the Good Fellows in their task of seeing that every needy Winona child is properly clothed this Christmas. Send or bring your contribution to The Good Fellows, in care of The He- publican-Henild. Eisenhower, In Uniform, Warns Recruits Camp Pickett, Va. General Dwight D. Eisenhower warned troops in train- ing here that the United States soon may have to call "all our young men" back to military service. "We cry for peace and there is no Eisenhower in uniform, said here yesterday in an impromptu address as he visited the camp with Gen- eral Mark W. Clark, com- mander of Army field forces. "But remember this: You are members of a free coun- try. A United States, united in spirit, aware of its task and determined to do it, is the strongest force on earth." He told the soldiers, mem- bers of the 43rd infantry divi- sion and other units, that they should "demand" a rigorous training period. "If you have to fight, you must be prepared to he said. and (jrove Directly into its path. The accident happened in the vaillage of Necedah in central Wis- consin. Three men riding home with Schultz from a shuffleboard Douglas MacArthur and his pirn cipal field commanders. Collins left hurriedly a week ago for the Far East immediately aft- er the sudden reversal of Allied fortunes. At the airport where he com- pleted the trip today, he repeated what he said in Seoul several days ago that the "situation that has developed in Korea was caused by the intervention of strong Chinese Communist forces." Collins said he could not disclose publicly the details of his findings or his conversations in Korea, but that he would report fully and im- mediately to the joint chiefs of staff. Army Cancels Holiday Furloughs Washington day canceled te Army to- general ten-day Christmas furlough for soldiers in training camps. The announcement said train- ing will continue through the holi- day season at all camps in the United States except on Christmas day and New Year's day. Anti-Communists Ask Acheson Be Fired Washington A delegation representing the American anti- Communist league presented to game were injured. Charles Mora-1 Senator McCarthy (R.-Wis.) Thurs ay a petition urging President vec, 27, and Frank Bagnowski, 41, were in critical condition at Maus- ton hospital Friday. The third man, Carl Mucha, suffered less severe injuries. Two other men died as indirect results of the heavy snow, one of them of a heart attack induced by a traffic crash on a snow-covered highway and the other of burns suf- fered in flames which destroyed his home as fire equipment battled to reach the scene. Einar Christensen, 55, of Route 1, Tomahawk, suffered a heart at- tack on highway 51 near Rhinelan- der Thursday night. He and a truck driver with whom be was riding had stopped in the snow to clean the windshield of the vehicle when they saw a car coming at them. They jumped into a snow bank as the car careened into the rear of the truck. Christensen, climed back into the vehicle and suffered the attack, dying before help could be summoned. The fire death took place at Be- _ loit, where Edward Hollis, 48, died somewhat colder. Low tonight 18 Truman, Aitlee End Conference, Hope for Peace British Reported Opposing Action Against China By John Hightower Washington President Tru- man and Prime Minister Attlee said today they hope for a peace- ful settlement of the Korean crisis but that if the Chinese Commu- nists do not share this attitude the United Nations will decide what actions to take. "For our the two asserted in a final communique on their week long folks here, "we de- clare in advance our firm resolve to uphold" the principles of the U. N. charter. The communique an- nounced: 1. President Truman told he hoped it would never be necessary to use the atomic bomb ind that he intends to keep Attlee informed "ot de- velopments which might bring a change in the situa- tion." 2. The British and Amen-" can leaders agreed that con- sideration of the Korean ques- tion in the U.N. will contribute to the maintenance of peace and security in the Pacific. This has been the American position all along and Attlee now supports it, 3. The two frankly recogniz- ed their policy split over Bri- tain's recognition of Commun- ist China and recog- nition cf Chinese National- ists on Formosa but expressed determination "to prevent it from interfering with our unit- ed effort In support of our united objectives." 4. British and American troops will continue to carry out their U. N. missions of op- posing aggression in Korea and "there can be no thought of ap- peastment or of rewarding ag- gression, whether in the Far East or elsewhere." 5. Agreement was reached that the military power of the U. S. and Britain "should be increased as rapidly as pos- sible" because adequate de- fense forces are essential if war is to be prevented. The production capacity of other Allied nations also must be ex- panded. 6. They agreed that when plans for creating an integ- rated Western European de- fense force are approved a supreme commander should be appointed. They expressed hope the appointment could be made "soon." This apparently meant the British view that a com- mander should be named at once, even before completion of the plans, had made no head- way with Mr, Truman. 7. Agreement was also reach- ed that international action for allocation of raw materials to meet defense and essential ci- vilian needs throughout the world is necessary. The prin- ciple was adopted while defense production "must be given the highest practicable essential civilian re- quirements for scarce mate- rials must be met as far as possible, There was no reference directly to a Big Four but there was a virtual call on Russia and MMJ U fWbAUlUU i i I Jl Truman to fire Secretary of State i Chma to thcir ways and cn- Acheson courage the development of a more McCarthy told reporters he plans j to send the petition to the White House today. Mrs. Renata E. Le Gant St. Louis, Mo., 'said the petition, roll- ed on a wooden spindle, stretches "a block long." She said it con- tains uncounted thousands of sig- natures gathered in the 43 states. Captioned "remove white lettering on a red back- ground the petition charged he be fired for "his co-operation with the Communists of the Orient" and "his notorious left wing associa- tions." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and flurries of snow early tonight with gradual slackening of wind late to- night. Saturday mostly cloudy, on the davenport in the garage in which he lived as flames gutted the cement block structure. Beloit fire equipment was buffeted by high winds and snow in reaching tie scene on the edge of the city. Fire 7hief Glenn Davis, who said Hol- ds' body was found on the dav- enport, blamed an overheated stove pipe for the blaze. in city, 15 in country. High Sat- urday 26. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 37; minimum, 22; noon, 25; precipitation, .22 (three inches sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at (Additional weather on Page 17.) "We the communique said, "that the Communist leaders of the Soviet Union and China could, if they chose, modify their conduct in such a way as to make these (Allied) defense preparations unnecessary. "We shall do everything that we can, through whatever channels are open to use. to impress this view upon them and to seek a peaceful solution of existing is- sues." ;