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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 7, 1949, Winona, Minnesota COLD TONIGHT, FAIR THURSDAY Basketball Tonight KWNO-FM VOLUME 49, NO. 248 W1NONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 7, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES TODAY- European Union Still Far Ahead By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington It is time to re cord that the State department has sheared away from the scheme for closer union between the United States and the British .common- wealth, which was put forward by George Kennan last summer in the heat of the British monetary crisis This development is of crucia importance, as representing a ten tative choice between the depart ment's two major schools o: thought about American foreign re lations. Kennan, the department's chief planner. Is the most irnportan figure in the school which mus now be considered the minority Crudely speaking, the Kennan view is that the Anglo-American part- nership is the central element in the strength of the western world and that maintaining this partner ship should have first priority. FOR THIS REASON, Kennan has long believed that the Anglo American partnership ought to be given more organic expression. As long as two years ago, when the gravity of Britain's difficulties first became apparent, he prepared studies on the subject. And the famous "Kennan plan'1 for some- thing like an Anglo-American un- ion, which was put up to Secretary of State Acheson when Sir Stafford Cripps and Ernest Bevin came to Washington in was no more than the logical outgrowth of the State department planner's previous work on the problem. So far as could' be judged at that time, the State department here was then strongly inclined to accept the Kennan arguments. In- deed, the Kennan plan would prob- ably have been discussed with the British ministers in September, if Secretary of the Treasury John Snyder had not disliked the idea. On the other hand, when the ex- istence of a project for closer An- glo American relations became known, the repercussions were vio- lent. The French government, al- ways fearful of being left out In the cold, gave voice to the most, bitter protests. And what was ac- tually more important, the leading American officials abroad strongly concurred. IN FACT, EUROPEAN EGA chief Averell Harriman, Ambassa dor to Paris David Bruce and Min- ister to Paris Charles E. Bohlen subsequently all denounced the pro- ject In the strongest termfi. Their Alibi Claim in rson ase This Cartoon Inspired Good Groves Denies Hopkins Asked Atomic Data Hard Coal Operators Ask Longer Week New York anthracite operators today asked John L. lect in Lne ujJcruLurs cuutiy wuiiii arguments were that nothing could united Mine Workers to Tin W- _ _ scind the three-day work-week In lie hard coal fields, coal nego tiatlons sources said. The anthracite operators and a TJ.M.W. negotiating committee met today fov the first time in a Forg often The cartoon pictured above, similar to one published for a number of years in The Republican-Herald, was drawn in 1907 by Tom May, a Detroit Journal cartoonist. Credit for the establishment of Good Fellows organizations all over the country is generally given to this touching picture of a little girl who had been forgotten on Christmas. May wrote this story about how the cartoon happened to be drawn: "The day after Christmas, 1907, our German laundress arrived at our home before breakfast. It was not our washday. She answered our looks of surprise by telling how she had spent a large part of her own Christmas in watching met today fov the first time in a session which both sides hope so might lead to a settlement inj disturb Paris more than any lateral arrangement between Bri- tain and this country, and that such an arrangement would also destroy all hope of effective Euro- pean union. The chief men in the State department here, who are always easily impressed by pro- tests' from Paris, were already shaken by the French govern ment's reaction. The support given the French viewpoint by Harriman Bruce and Bohlen was apparently decisive. The project for giving or- ganic form to the Anglo-American the TJ.M.W. repress being. a This in turn indicates a larger a little girl who lived in a hovel across the street. With the coming of nightfall she had crossed the treet and asked the child what she had been looking for so pa- tisntly all day. "With tears hi her eyes, the lit-, tic girl answered that she mustj have been very naughty because] Santa had not brought her onej Be a Good Fellow Previously listed the soft coal fields. Never Too Late "And I am sure the recording! a Week I ?irl that u was 'for Santa to reach everyone onj (Continued on 17, Column 3.) CARTOON be ended in their territory. A un ion spokesman confirmed this. He tendency of American foreign pol icy, to pursue the shadow rather than the substance. After all. some- thing very like n working partner- Thc anthracite workers have been on a five-day week. John L. Lewis, U.M.W. head, put them on three-day week last week when ,hl" he sent striking soft coal miners ship already exists between country nnd Britain. If the partner- for Ule same ship is ever dissolved (us it may well be, by the consequences of Britain's economic the whole western front, against Soviet imperialism will collapse in ruins.: The object of the Kennan plan was precisely to avert this danger. FURTHERMORE, if there is to be a European union, which must be considered (tvr from certain, its best reinsurance would consist of a; ;viankato. Minn. An strong Britain nnd a strong {jjat ripped the roof off a Man- ion, further strengthened by a'.kato home Tuesday hospitalized close woikincr relationship, and Mrs> Harvey Marriner and her two standing as the now union's three, and Bruce, leiv-renblc guarantors. Far month. leaving France naked before Ger-: Mrs Marriner suffered extensive! many, a European union Eimran-, anfl second dggiee burns, buti teed bv a united Britain and Amer-. ica would bo France's best hope Rex Beach Kills Self Mankato Blast Hospitalizes 3 in fair condition. burned less seriously. Soviets. Finally, the formation of a closer relationship between this country nnd Britain is a practical project. which can be carried through rap- idly nnd will bear immediate fruit. yot this project lias now been sac- rificed, if the signs mean nr to the project of European union, on the supposiiion that this i? coni petitivo. And this has been done Nancy nfni-. his mother an the hospital. Next door, ten feet from the Mar- riner home, one-year-old Terry Flynn napped through, the blast, ;although it shook the neighborhood: for blocks around. Mrs. Marriner said she carried i her infant son from the home after j explosion caved in the front j lot the dwelling and started a small j reaTc'ompetinon between these two) A carpenter working nearby, projects, and although effective'mer 56, ran to the house; European union still looks like dip- with Ws sorli Ken. eider John-! throat lomatic pio in 'he sky. This is an- SOQ entered building and Stevle and Butoh Lillian and Leo........ Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Young........ "Wlnona, Printing Press- men and Assistants Union 237 Winona Boiler Company Chnrch of Jesus, Sun- day School, Dresbacb. Elizabeth Torgcrson, From a friend......... Mavis Langum, Plain view Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Rasmussen Melody and Candy----- A Good Fellow Louise C. Sutherland A Good Friend from St. Charles Arenz Shoe Company Military Order of Lady Bufrs Carol Louise Bell...... Sharon Kreher........ Boynm, Schubert and Sorcnscn Billy Bunneister, Ron- ald Ritter, William Ritter, and Mary Dujfan A. F. Gahnz Carol Breia 2.00 5.00 1.00 5.00 10.00 3.00 1.00 5.00 5.00 1.00 3.00 2.00 5.00 1.00 1.00 25.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 Senator Hubert Humphrey (D.-Minn.) has been helping in the Humphrey drugstore at Hu- ron, S. D., since his father's death. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Russ Obtained A-Bomb Material, General Claims Washington (JP) Lieutenan General Leslie R. Groves testified! today that neither Harry Hopkins nor Henry A. Wallace ever tried to get any atomic secrets or materials from him for the Russians. Groves, who headed the wartime atomic bomb project, told House in- vestigators that he had never, in fact, met Hopkins or had any cor- respondence with him. As for Wallace, Groves said the former vice-president never brought any direct pressure on him in con- nection with the atomic energy pro- ject and, as far as he knows, never I put on any indirect pressure. Groves was a witness before con- i gressional investigators digging intoj a story of atomic materials going j to Russia in lend-iease planes ing the war and of a mysterious note signed "H.H." saying "had a lell of a time getting these away irom Groves." G. Racey Jordan, a former Air Force major, told the House un- American activities committee on Monday that he opened a Russian suitcase at Great Falls, Mont., In the winter of 1943-44 and found "Oak Ridge" materials and the note. Jordan first told his story last week on the radio program of Com- mentator Fulton Lewis, Jr. Lewis later said Wallace used his influ- ence, to help the Russians get what they wanted. Groves, while he said Hopkin' and Wallace never pressured him, said pressure was being exerted in. wartime Washington for the Rus- sians to be given everything they asked. He said he did not know where this pressure came from. Groves said no high official in the government ever tried to pressure him into supplying either atomic documents or materials and that he does not know of any case where secret atomic documents were re- moved from project flies. After getting Groves' testimony, Representative Walter act- ing chairman, said the committee would give Wallace a chance to tes- tify later. The committee broke off its hear- At Wife's Parents Night of Murder, Defense Asserts By Gordon E. Closway La Crosse, Larson claims an alibi lor the night that Dr James McLoone was murdered and lie set out today to prove it. Defense Attorney Arthur Sheridan told the jury this morning: that hell show in testimony that Larson was at the home of his wile's parents durinc the murder hours and that his wife, Nola, has even said so. Sheridan said Nola told Larson's A. A. Rollinger Re-elected to Goodview Post Rollinjcr Goodview, Minn. One year after the death of Good view's mayor, Herman J. Dunn his appointed successor has beer elected to two-year term. parents that her husband was home from 6 to 9 p. m. the night of No- vember 14, And Larson, if he takes the stand, will deny that he told his wife that he murdered Dr. McLoone. As a matter of fact, the defense will claim that after the park conversa- tion Nola wrote Larson: "You're not as bad as I thought you were." The attorney made the statements Jin his briefing before the jury as the defense opened its case to free Larson from the murder charge, Defense Outlined Thirty-five-year-old Lin-son, dress- ed smartly in a blue suit with a bright red tie, sat nearby, nervously chewing gum, while Sheridan out- I lined the defense testimony. Relatives of Larson dominated the defense's presentation this morning after completion of the opening I They testified before an overflowing courtroom and Cir- cuit Judge Roland J. 6teinle. All denied the state's contention I that on the day of his boy's funeral February IS, had jmade the statement he was going J to kill Dr. McLoone. The relatives, all present at the funeral and at the home ol Mrs, Larson's parents later, were Mr. and Mrs. Michael J. Campbell. Waukon, Iowa, sister and brother- in-law; Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Lar- son. Waukon, his parents: Miss Moraine Larson, Lansing, Mich., his sister; Mrs. Virginia Larson Rumbaugh, Chicago, a sister; Wal- ter Larson, Waukon, a brother, and Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Ask, Decorah, Iowa, an uncle and aunt. Anthony A. 119 votes in Bellinger received election here, winning out over C. R. Hauge, 73 votes, and Russell Boland, 30 votes. Bellinger was named to the: posi- tion by the village council Decem- ber 20, 1948. He had been serving as trustee. was selected as McCarthy Likes Bob La Follette For AEC Post mcnts many Henry Gellerson, 15 Its. of nuts A friend from Susar A friend from the country clothing A friend............ five dolls A friend clothing- A friend................ shoes From a friend A friend clothing and chairs One of the nurses baked goods and clothing Evan Davies (trustee to fill Mrs. Campbell also nervously de- nied saying "Oh, no" and crying after Larson's alleged threat against the life of the doctor. On cross-examination of Assistant yesterday's village District Attorney Robert Jones, Mrs. Campbell also denied tearing up a letter to Dr. McLoone, given to her by Larson, but did admit tearing up a hospital statement given to her by Larson. Behavior Defense attempts to introduce Mrs. Campbell's testimony on later 1. The Russians got some atomic material during the war, but that he doesn't know how many ship- 'because we don't know how through. trustee to fill Rollmger s position with Mrs! Larson and Davies was formally elected renmrriage plans were sty- terda. He JJI4U. Uil V1CS was -iu.1 iiiiiiij v to a three-year term yesterday. He received 37 votes, beating his op- ponent. Don by one vote A in the" de- third candidate, Gregory Majerus, of Mrs. m.ed_ proper Judge foundation for such ques- lany iicnse t 2 He found evidence of 26 votes. j Larson, spying within a month of the timei Elected justice of the peace for Mf a he took charge of the atomic bomb two years was Harold Englund, project in 1942. 3. He knows the Lend-Lease ad- ministration was under "pressure" to give the Russians "everything ----m ----o----- they sought" and that a "great deal COnstaWe with 189 votes, lor a two- of influence" was brought to term. He defeated Earl Bol- n know I with 209 votes. Fred Thompson and Richard Berg each received one vote for the job. Junior Odegaard was elected But he said he did not know 15 pred Thompson, exerted the pressure. and Boy Rose, one vote. Hopkins was at one time lend-j A' total Of 222 ballots was cast lease administrator. A close yesterday. of President Roosevelt, Hopkins, Milwaukee Former Wis- went to Russja to consult with the consin Senator Robert M. La on needs to hold their i-. r I lette would be a good man to against the Germans. !r3tl16r JldyS the Atomic Energy Major Jordan's wartime job was] Senator Joseph McCarthy (R.-to aid in lend-lease movement planes to Russia. :kf Wis.) said Tuesday night. Great Falls was a Said J-UCbUay pla.lcb A McCarthy said he had not seen main basing point on the air route La Follette recently and did not to Russia via Alaska, know if La Follette was interest- He has told of the Russians tak-, ed in succeeding David Lilienthal, ing out suitcase after suitcase load gauge as head of the AEC, lot documents as well as atomic ma- ed_his tnree Alexandria, Va. cally reloading a __...... But he added, he would be He said some of the docu- to support La Follette should hisiments were State department pa- named be placed in nomination, Ipcrs. here. Tlie man, John Conner, 40, then surrendered to police. Mr. and Mrs. Campbell also de- scribed Larson's visit with them in Minneapolis the day after the mur- der. They described his behavior as normal. Mr. Campbell denied making statements to detectives later that Larson had appeared "very emo- tional." There was one nonrelative wit- ness this Conk- lin. La Crosse county highway de- partment testified as to distances involved at the murder scene. This morning's witnesses were the I first among 25 to 30 to be pre- jsented by the defense. m i At the opening of the session De- -W) {ense Counsel PMlip Arneson told single shot no reference would hi made immediately to an alleged (Continued on Page 17, Column 2.) LARSON Chambers' Wife Tells Hiss Trial jury of Friendship was. pronounced York Sebring-, Fla. Rex 12, nationally known novelist, was! wound in near here; r other instance of the habit of hop-; inu for the best without preparing! for-the worst. also Nancy through jjay by the bee! to'which able m on. detense policy dooru.ay, then ran out. Neitherisiept through the night. was mjured. its. is more perrjcious than this. WEATHER FF.DERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Clearing! and colder tonight with cold wave; i low eight to ten above in the city.; near zoro in the country. Thursday; fair nnd quite cold; highest in thei afternoon 20. LOCAL WEATHER I Official observations for the 24[ hours ending at 12 m. today; I Maximum. 32: minimum. 25: noon. T precipitation, .06 unch of sun sets at sun. rises tomorrow at i Additional weather on Page 17. i This summer, Beach's life was story ot a friendship that into a grim duel between Esther Chambers, whose _____Whittaker, has accused Hiss of helping red At one time, she said. Hiss was such a close pal that he was like a 15 where he had gone for treatment and so was Hiss' wife, Priscilla. his Throat I "The Hteses were famil5' us'" At a much of Amer-U.Charnbers testified yesterday. me wen muc iican fiction was indebted .to Eng- "They were Wends lish influences, Mr. Beach chose i to write adventure-packed action stories based on scenes and peo- But that was back in the years between 1934 and 1937, she said. Today, Hiss is on trial for per- BUY stories oasea on scenes iiuu jjcu- pie he had known in Alaska. His Jury for the second time, largely favorite authors were Jack London on the basis rf charges made against land O. Henry. London was prob-him by Chambers, ex-communist labli the greatest literary influence'spy courier. ion him Hiss, one-time high staw aepart- He went to work, and the result ment official, is accused, of lying was "The his first best-lwhen he told a federal grand jury seller The "Victor Hugo of thejUe never gave US. secrets to Cham- North as some reviewers and when he denied seeing him was quick to follow up his'Chambers after January 1, 1937. advantage with two more popular The case, as aired to court last favorites, "The Barrier" and "The summer, hinges on the bluntly con- __ ._._ ji_t__ mpn Silver Horde." tradictory clatais ol the two men. Assistant Prosecutor Robert Johns, left, tells Larson trial jurors at La Crosse that the accused man's threats to Mrs. Larson are "boastful statements of a kffler." can-Herald.) (AJP. Wirephoto to The Republi- ;