Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 5, 1950, Winona, Minnesota
Very Cold Tonight and Wednesday Avoid the Rush! Do Your Christmas Shopping Now VOLUME 50, NO. FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 5, 1950 TWENTY PAGES Military Defeat Looms in Korea; Evacuation Plan Ready if Need This Cartoon Inspired Good Fellows Forgotten RED SABOTAGE IN U. S. Communists Pushing Into Big Factories Members Urged to Prolong Strikes, Tie Up Production By Fendall Yerxa and Ogden R. Reid (Copyright, 1950, Winona- Republican-Herald and Ncto York Hernid Tribune. Inc.) THE national committee of the Communist party recently ordered all state party committees to conduct an intensive "concentration" drive to place party members in heavy industry. Subversive infiltra- tion of key labor unions is now a top priority. The cartoon pictured above, similar to one published for a number of years in The Republican-Herald, was drawn in 1907 by Tom May, a Detroit Journal cartoonist. Credit for the establishment of Good Chinese Reds Moving Into Pyongyang Americans May Try for Stand Around Seoul Tokyo Overwhelmed Al- lied troop columns beat a war- weary retreat south from abandon- ed Pyongyang today, wondering where they might stand and defend against Red China's onrushing swarms. The Reds rolled across Pyong- yang's airfield and possibly al- ready were in the old Red Korean capital itself, a big prize to the Communist world. The first Communist satellite capital to be wrested from Red control, Pyongyang was open for the return of its Red masters. Masses of Chinese Red troops, the vanguard of more than 000 which General MacArthur said had been committed to the Kore-1 an campaign, had turned the tide of battle. In the northeast, Marines and doughboys fought out of a deep Red Chinese trap clamped south of Changjin reservoir. Oth- er Chinese masses mounted twin drives to cut off. the entire 10th Corps of five divisions, British, ROK'i Shield Retreat- On the northwest front, British and South Korean troops in a rear guard shield protected the fleeing Eighth army which less than two weeks ago was rolling northward Fellows organizations all over the country is generally given to this within 50 miles of the Manchurian touching picture of a little girl who had been forgotten on Christmas. j border. May wrote this story about how the cartoon happened to be drawn: "The day after Christmas, 1907, our German laundress arrived at our home before breakfast. It was not our washday. She answered our looks of surprise by tell- ing how she had spent a large part of her own Christmas in watching a little girl who lived in a hovel across the street. With the coming of nightfall she had crossed the street and asked the child what she had been looking for so pa- tiently all day. "With tears in her eyes, the lit- tle girl answered that she must have been very naughty because Santa had not brought her one sin- gle thing. Never Too Late "And I am sure the recording angel winked and smiled when that ui .wvv- t T WLUKCU aliU a The national order directed, for example, Communists m New lady Ued and to join the auto and machine tool unions, those in Ohio to concentrate Sixth of A Series Of Ten on the rubber workers, those in California to in filtrate the steel and auto uniors. Communist in- Infant Killed, Three Injured In Flash Fire Janesville, A flash fire swept through a three-room cot- tage today, causing the death of a five-months-old boy and injury to three other persons. The dead child was Jack Wayne Deuel, son of Mr. and Mrs. Rol- _____ land F. Deuel, both of whom were girl that it was impossible for San- j burned severely. The baby was ta to reach everyone on Christmas j dead when firemen carried its tdd and there wgre ftuence in these and other union, had been beaten day X" down in the last three years. At about the same time a secret squad of 25 men. known only to the party organizers of the machine tool industry, were sent into the Mid- west "to strengthen" the party's group" on this industry. Earlier in the year, the top leadership of the California district "And the next morning, through the nip of the frost and the swirl of the storm, she walked most of the way across town to ask us to help make her word good. of is to our 01 uit fdii.t rhristmas tree was strmned. as throughout the state. It was decided that, these concentrations must be in areas where they could carry out "effective" work in the event of an emergency. Work to Prolong Strikes The race1 in" discussed the best means for the promulgation and prolonging of strikes and work stoppages, how best to agitate labor sertion and assurance, disturbances, and finally the ability of their activists to conduct wide- scale sabotage "shouli the international position call for it." Christmas tree was stripped, and clothes to vindicate ihe of that good old souls as- I bassinette from the flaming house. Also burned was four-year-old Ronald Deuel. The only occupant of the house to escape injury was Janet, age two years, who was tossed out a window by Mrs. Deuel. Fire Chief Frank Murphy said a stove which was being used to heat water overflowed, spewing flames over entire kitchen. Mrs. Deuel smashed a kitchen window with her fists and lifted Janet through it to safety. j "I have always liked youngsters, the horror of that whole situ- Due to the mounting public awareness of the Communist conspi- ation hit me like a terrible ham- racv top functionaries on the West coast met within the last two weeks mer blow. Here was a little child to caution their members within the ranks of labor that they should :_and unfortunately her name is above all else not do anything overtly that could bring charges of legion too young to understand sabotage against them. the why, too young to be in any The leaders reiterated, however, that the current situation might j way responsible, with all the be drastically changed in the near future and through acts of direct yearnings of a childish heart, with sabotage "we Communists then will have to stand up and be counted." During the last week at a West coast party meeting a Communist waterfront leader outlined what U. S. labor could expect from the Russians. He said. "The Soviet Union plans to continue warfare of the Korean type in order to drain United States adding optimistically that this tactic will eventually turn the people against the government and they will then be ready to accept the opposition program of the party. j Oppose Labor Leaders I Th' party is unrelenting in its fight against the oppositions of labor leaders in the A.F.L. and" C.I.O. The C.I.O. United Steelworkers of America, one of the bitterest and most successful foes of Communism in the labor movement, staged a steel strike last year. Just before the strike was scheduled to start, the Communist party chairman in an eastern state steel region met with units and clubs in the industry- "Our he to start a real militant Marxist strike, and begin taking the strike out of the hands of the incompetent labor lerders." Communist persistence in labor infiltration is based on precise tactics. Orders issued to a Communist club in one of the nation's largest steel mills in Pittsburgh at one time demonstrated how Cora- munist "fractions" fervently espouse the progressive aims of the union itself, and use them to hoist the political and economic doctrines of Communism. They called for a course of "action to achieve greater unity." centering upon the steelvrorkers union and the C.I.O They urged "full support to the 14 point program of demands adopted by the wage policy committee of the steel and for backing of the C.I.O. legislative "program on "housing, rent control, veterans' needs, health program, FEPC." Using the union's program as a base, the club was ordered to cam- paign to" increase Communist party membership "among the most (Continued on Page 18, Column 1) RED SABOTAGE all the patient waiting for Santa, and that day had passed without a single present. "The cartoon, was born right there. Too late for pub- (Continued on Page 17, Column 4) GOOD FELLOWS Be a Good Fellow Previously listed Republican-Herald Employes 83.00 Standard Lumber Com- pany Yard and Gen- eral Office Employes 100.00 H. Choate Company 150.00 G'Ji and Chubby 1.00 Mr. and Mrs. W. L. H. 10.00 Hi-News, Wiriona Se- nior High School ___ 10.00 A Friend.............. 1.00 Miss Suzan G. Arntson, Wabasha, Minn..... 2.00 From Friend........ 20.00 Mary Therese 2.00 A Friend from Foun- tain City, Wis....... 1.00 A and overshoes. General J. Lawton Collins, right, U. S. Army chief of staff, confers with Lieutenant General Walton Walker, in command of the U. S. Eighth army, at an airfield somewhere in Korea during a short visit to the fighting front. General Collins flew from Wash- ington for an on the spot inspection of the military situation. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Threatened Marshal Mabel Farmer Shooting Investigated Mabel, Slifka, middle-aged area resident, Withdrawal By Sea, Air Considered Return Determined On if Communists Oust U.N. Forces By John M. Hightower Washington The possibility that United Nations forces may suffer total military defeat in Korea, necessitating a Dunkerquc- like withdrawal by sea and air, was said today to be figuring in crisis conferences here. Although hope has not been abandoned that the onrushing Chinese Communist hordes can be stopped, it was reported that Gen- eral Omar Bradley told President Truman and Prime Minister Attlee of Britain yesterday that evacua- tion plans are ready if they have to be used. A hint of possible impending dis- aster came from Mr. Truman him- self today when he took time out from his talks with Attlee to tell a Washington audience that the troops in Korea are fighting against "tremendous odds." Wilt Continue Struggle But he added that this nation will continue the struggle for free- dom "no matter how the imme- diate situation may develop." So far as could be learned here, no firm decisions looking toward specific immediate action were reached at the first conference yesterday between the President and prime minister. They were reported working toward an agree- ment that the West must build up There was no maior contact re- was being' held in the Fillmore county jail without charge today as j heavy military forces in Europe ported with the Chinese. The authorities investigated a shooting which reportedly took place near witii all possible speed to offset Eighth anny's retreat on wheels I here early this morning. t -i !tne reverses m Korea, was too fast for the foot-slogging I Sheriff Donald Cook was called to the Raymond Ford farm a mile north of Mabel on highway 43 about 3 a. m. today and took Slifka m Chinese. There was no ma.ior contact re- ported with the Chinese. The Eighth army's retreat on wheels was too fast for the foot-slogging Chinese. There was no indication as to where or when the Eighth army would make a stand. A.P. Corre- spondent Leif Erickson, at Eighth army headquarters, suggested it might go all the way to the Seoul- Inchon area in South Korea, 165 road miles south Pyongyang. The Eighth army faced the mounting threat of a flanking move by Chinese swarming down the rugged and lightly defended cen- ter of the Korean peninsula. Guerrillas Active Allied airmen reported hammer- ing a concentration of Red Chinese Tuesday afternoon at Koksan, 50 miles southeast of Py- Eighth army headquarters said this force posted a potential en- veloping threat to Allied troops in the area. The Chinese force was only 35 miles from the retreat route of the Eighth army. Guerrillas mounted harassing at- (Continued on Page 17, Column 3) KOREA custody. The sheriff had been called by Lester Sinclair, Mabel marshal, who allegedly was held at the point of a loaded gun by Slifka, made to undress partly and then allowed to flee, after having his gun taken from him. Two Shots Fired Two shots had been fired before Sinclair arrived, Sheriff Cook said. No one was injured, though. The shells were found by the sheriff on the floor of the downstairs apartment. Ford and his mother, Mrs. Mar- tha Ford, lived on the first floor; Siifka, his wife and three-year-old child rented an upstairs apart- ment. According to the sheriff, Mrs. Ford was allowed to leave the house. She fled in nightclothes to the S. M. Trygstad farm a quarter of a mile away. Both Mrs. Ford and her son re- portedly had been held at gun point by Slifka. They had watched him re-load the pistol, Sheriff Cook said. Marshal Sinclair was called to (Continued on Page 17, Column 6) MABEL MAN Hundreds oY Korean Refugees line the Taedong river at Pyongyang, North Korean capital, and climb across girders and broken spans of a bridge, as they flee before advancing Chinese Communist troops. The Communist forces were reported entering Pyongyang today. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) Kaiser Gets Big RFC Loan Reconstruc- tion Finance Corporation today granted another to Kai- ser-Frazer Company, to help it maintain output and get into de- fense production. Simultaneously, Henry J. Kaiser, announced the auto-making con- cern plans to open a plant in the San Francisco-Oakland area to make military products and is getting ready to go into ship- building. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Clearing and much colder tonight. Wednes- day fair and very cold. Low to- night eight below in city, 14 be- low in country. High Wednesday five above. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 23; minimum, 4; noon, 23; precipitation, .13 (1% iuitca inches snow; sun sets tonight at Korea was one of hard ques- Arthur Gavshon of the London Associated Press staff quoted a British informant, who did not wish to be identified, as saying Mr. Truman and Attlee had also determined that United Nations forces should return to Korea in the event the Chinese Communists drive them out. This informant said they agreed, too, that the United Nations should do every- thing possible to avoid open war with Communist China. Oppost Major War The thought back of that is this: The Western powers should not be drawn into making a major military effort in the Far East, leaving a weak Europe at the mercy of Russia's western armies. No government official had yet given voice to the thought that if the Chinese Communist hordes can't be stopped, the fighting forces of the United States and her U.N. Allies will have to pull out. Scattered Republican cries in Congress that a "Dunkirk" was in the making have steadily grown and yesterday Senator Hoey (D.- an administration stalwart, flatly demanded the withdrawal of all American troops. He was not alone in his suggestion. Senator Taft (R.-Ohio) said to- day the administration was trying to handle the Korean crisis with- out any help from the Republicans. Just why there was no warning of Chinese Reds building up vast forces to attack U.N. troops in sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on Page 17. tions for Lieutenant General Wal- ter Bedell Smith today. Red China Demands Full Say in Korea New Delhi, India Com- munist China has demanded a "full voice" in any Korean set- tlement, sources close to In- dia's foreign ministry said to- day. These sources said India's delegate to the United Na- tions, Sir Eenegal N. Rau, aft- er talks in New York with Peiping Representative Wu Hsiu-chuan, reported that the Chinese were insistent that they participate as an equal party in deliberations on the Korean question. Rau, these sources said, told his government peace for Asia perhaps for the whole on the United Nations acceding to Peipicg's demand. The Indian delegate report- edly advised that it was vital that the U. N. decide on the matter as soon as possible. Wu arrived at Lake Success at the end of last month, the first representative of his gov- ernment to go there. He went in answer to a Security Council invitation for a Peiping representative to participate in discussions on the Chinese Communist charge of aggres- sion by the United States in China. Wu, made it clear, however, that he would discuss the situ- ation in Korea and China only in relation to the Communist charges. He said he would not speak on American charges that Peiping was guilty of ag- gression because of interven- tion of Chinese troops in Ko- rea.