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View Sample Pages : Winona Republican Herald, December 04, 1950

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 4, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Snow Flurries, Continued Cold Who Is Tops In Our Town? VOLUME 50, NO. 245 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 4, 1950 RED SABOTAGE IN U. S. Communists Encourage Appeasement Seek to Bring About Return Of Isolation in America (Copyright, 1950, Winona Republican-Herald and New York Herald Tribune, Inc.) By Fendall Yerxi and R. Reid THE Communist party is using the Korean war as propaganda dy- namite to change the foreign policy of the United States to one of appeasement, force American troops out of the Pacific Ocean area, and encourage the American people to scuttle their government and all it stands for. Party documents and directives, which have "leaked'- out of vari- ous with startling clarity the origins of the party -------------------------1 line on Korea and its use by leaders of the Com- munists for subversion and ideological warfare throughout the country. The line decrees that the United States has embarked on a new phase of foreign policy to "enslave the whole world" with the "launching _________________ of a war of murder and plunder against the peo- and it implies the hope that American troops take a S It party's stock answer tc United Nations charges that the North Koreans made the opening attack in the war, and at- tempts by artful dodging to explain away embarrassing questions to which top Communist leaders admit "there are no easy answers. It calls for a specific program of Communist agitation on broad fronts economic, social, racial and. political all with the objective of securing the "immediate withdrawal of American troops, planes and ships from Korea and the whole Pacific." The documents indicate a number of subjects for Communist ex- ploitation in the near future, a few of which have already been culti- vated. Among the probabilities are: A campaign will be conducted along diverse channels for a "change" in the "naked aggressive character" of U. S. foreign policy in favor of appeasement and isolationism. Subtle propaganda, linking prices and domestic shortages with the Korean war and the defense program, will stir up dissension, par- ticularly among women. .1 A new organization, the "Congress for Repeal of the Draft, may be organized, probably without any mention ot Communist backing, to attack the draft and universal military training proposals scheduled to come before Congress. Plan Protest by Mothers A "mothers' delegation" against war and defense may be organized for a pilgrimage to Washington. "Mothers" will also protest to the De- fense department against the draft of their sons. The role of women in agitation was forecast last Thursday by tne sit-down of members of American Women for Peace at the United Nations at Lake Success. Renewed appeasement campaigns may be started, calling for U. Soviet "agreements" for "peaceful co-existence and competition of the two social systems." Resolutions demanding withdrawal of troops from Korea may find their way under pretext into veterans' organizations, voicing tneir protest against American intervention in Korea and Asia. Congress will receive a mass mailing. Any labor-management committees or governmental co-operation plans with labor to further the defense effort will be denounced as at- tempts by the "labor lieutenants of imperialism" to crush tne Te- Attlee in Washington; i Crisis Worsens orea Allies Plan Stand Around Seoul Mr. And Mrs. Alois Schneider read a telegram, informing them their second son (inset) has become a casualty of the Korean war. Republican-Herald photo Kumors oaseu ou uiBluluuu and outright fiction will be circulated that the war has its basis in a drive by American interests to obtain "oil, coal, rubber, tin, magnesium and cheap slave labor, and specific corporations will be charged with such aims. There will be intensified campaigns to build up anti-war sentiment among the ranks of labor. Accused of Aggression Incidents akin to Korea will probably break out under Soviet in- stigation elsewhere on the world's anti-Communist Perimeter, and in every case United States or United Nations troops rushed to the defense will be accused of "imperialist aggression. Such seeds may grow into widespread propaganda and whispering campaigns all disguised in half-truths and falsehoods. They can take shape in such insidious forms that unwary persons will be duped into supporting them, and thus unwittingly aid the march of Communism. These conclusions are drawn from a study of the new party line laid down on July 13, 1950, at Communist party headquarters in New York and expanded in other documents. In a "report to the national committee conference of the party last July 13, Gus- tavo Hallberg, alias Gus Hall, national secretary and a chief party policy maker, told the top leaders in secret session: "This conference must deal with a number of new political and tactical problems arising from the new world situations." Hall drew a fine distinction between the old basis for party action, and that brought on by the Korean war. "This new he said, "emerged when U. S. imperialism moved from one stage in its imperialistic drive, from the stage of intensive war preparations to a stage of open military aggression What we must fully understand is that this military aggression is now a key peg in U. S. foreign policy, and that this policy will be pursued not only in Korea and Asia, but throughout the world. Hall one of the 11 top Communists convicted of conspiracy to overthrow the government, expected some skepticism over U. S. "open military Korea, and to meet it he contorted himself into ius'ifying the view that the Communist North Koreans were mere- ly defending "themselves. He anticipated that some audacious questions would be asked of Communist leaders trying to ram down this view questions to which he said in his report: "By the way, there are no easy answers." Distorted Facts With transparent cynicism, he distorted facts even in advance, so that his faithful party-liners will be ideologically prepared to accept Communist invasions in other parts of the world. He named the Philippines, Indo-China and Formosa as possible future "We should he said, "that not only in Korea, but in every other place that American forces are sent, they will meet up with this type of resistance. Therefore, every victory or dufeat by the American forces will exact a heavy price." In hi-; long report, tantamount to a party-wide order, although be- fogged by Communist "Aesopian" language, Hall placed the whole party organization on an alert basis for agitation and subversion, and cataloged the list of specific issues which Communists should stir up in this country. His line was passed down to rank-and-file members through several mediums a lengthy "Outline Guide for marshalling all the distorted arguments that will be needed; a "Plan of Work for the National a pamphlet, for instruction on "Some Ideological Questions on the Struggle for and through another million and a quarter copies of pamphlets and leaflets. The principal aims attributed to U. S. "imperialism" by Hall were: to "crush the national liberation movements in Asia" and "take over" Asian resources: to speed a peace treaty with Japan, "transforming Japan into a military base" for "further expansion and the launching of a third world to "sidestep the developing economic crisis" at home and "speed up the fascization of and "finally to use this entire development generally to speed up preparations for world war." Attack Foreign Policy The ideological diatribe, published a month after Hall spoke, drummed away at the "imperialism" theme, and even accused the United States actually a military weakling compared with Russia of encircling "the globe with 500 war bases" where armed forces were supposed to be "poised for attack throughout the world." On the reiteration of this line of attack, Hall and the party pro- pagandists seek to foment domestic troubles which will weaken our economy and resistance. Hall himself set the stage for party attacks on American foreign policy: "The only real way America can get out of this mess is a change in foreign policy, which means either a temporary retreat forced by the people, or a more basic change in government, which (Continued on Page 12, Column 2) RED SABOTAGE Winona Family s 2nd Son Becomes Casualty The North Koreans have hit the second son of a Winona farm fam- Jap Premier Bans Volunteers For U.N. Army By Russell Brines Tokyo Prime Minister Sbi- geru Yoshida declared today that Japanese be permitted" to volunteer in the Korean cam- paign. He made the statement during a question period in Parliament. Yoshida said the Japanese gov- ernment, is firm in its constitution- al ban on armed forces and war. The premier said he did not ex- pect fee Korean campaign to de- velop into a third world war. Japan's police force, he added, is sufficient to insure "domestic peace and security" despite the hostilities on the nation's doorstep. Answering a specific question, he said a strong national police reserve is maintained on Hokkai- do, the northernmost of the four main islands, a short distance from the Russian-held Kurile is- lands. Yoshida added "the greatest con- cern and anxiety of the govern- ment with regard to domestic se- curity is over Hokkaido." The island's proximity to the Communist-held Kuriles has long bothered the Japanese, alarmed by increasing turmoil in Asia. formed that their son, Private First Class Ralph C. Schneider, 20, has been wounded in action in Korea. An older son, Corporal Arley B. Schneider, was killed in action Au- gust 12. Private Schneider was wounded by a piece of shrapnel above his right eye November 5, and was removed to a Korean hospital, his parents were informed. The parents believe that Private Schneider was able to return to his unit with the 24th division by No- vember 10. They received Depart- ment of Defense notification of his injury last week. Before that they had received two letters .from their son, dated November 6 and 8, in which he told of his injury and of being in Korean hospital. He attended Winona Senior High school and worked at home before enlisting in the Army for three years in November, 1348. After training at Fort Riley, Kan., he was sent to Japan in February, 1949, and to Korea last August. Kohler Decides On Simple Inauguration New Year's day inauguration of Governor-Elect Walter Kohler and other state of- ficials will be simple and unpreten- tious. "The state officers are elected to do a job for all the people and neither brass bands nor sweet mus- ic is necessary to get us Kohler said Saturday. There wfll be no inaugural ball and no formal- invitations, only a warm welcome which is extended to every citizen of the state to be present for the ceremony, be said. "I want to be a governor for all the people and I do not intend to grant special favors or privileges to any individual or any group. That policy begins with the inaugu- Kohler added. The ceremonies will begin in the Capitol at nocn with Chief Justice Oscar Fritz of the state supreme court administering the oath. Others to be sworn in include Lieutenant Governor George M. Treasurer Warrent R. Smith, Secretary of State Fred Zimmerman and Attorney General- Elect Vernon W. Thompson. Five Chinese Divisions Drive On Pyongyang Marines Battling To Escape Trap In Northeast Tokyo Heavily outnumber- ed Allied troops behind a rear guard shield retreated south today from the former Red capital of Pyongyang in northwest Korea. Front dispatches said the with- drawal was orderly. In the frozen northeast, hordes of reinforced Chinese mounted a grave threat to five United Na- tions divisions. They were driving on the twin east coast industrial cities of Hamhung and Hungnam and threatened to isolate the entire Tenth corps. Marines and doughboys were fighting desperately to break out of deep traps. The worst was just south of Changjin reservoir, sup- plier of power to Manchuria. Five Chinese armies totaling 15 divisions up to men- were reported south of the Chong- chon river and driving toward Pyongyang Monday night. Skillful Retreat But A.P. Correspondent Leif Erickson, at Eighth army head quarters, reported Lieutenant Gen eral Walton H. Walker was direct ing an apparently skillful escape of the Allied forces. It appeared that the Eighth ar- my eventually might deploy in a defense perimeter around the re- public capital of Seoul and its port of Inchon. It seemed unlikely that a solid line across the peninsula could be erected against such mas- sive forces. General MacArthur estimated Chinese are in North Korea and along the Yalu river boundary of Red Manchuria. He said anoth- er Chinese are moving to the area from central China. Thus, China appeared to have committed one-fourth of her armed strength of some men to her undeclared war in Korea. Mac- Arthur said preparations for this elbowing into the U. N. campaign (Continued on Page 12, Column 1) KOREA British Minister Clement Attlee, in Washington, D. C., for a crisis conference, was greeted at National Airport on his arrival in Washington this morning by President Truman, at the left. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Wagef Price Curbs Near of the Treasury Snyder said today he believes general wage-price con- trols will have to be put on "to avoid damaging Snyder made the statement to the Senate finance committee in response to a question from Sena- tor Millikin (R.-Colo.) as to whe- ther "in your judgment general controls are inevitable." McCarthy Demands Truman Authorize Chiang to Join Fight Washington -tfV- Senator McCarthy (D.-Wis.) declared Saturday that President Truman ought to be impeached unless the administra- tion sanctions the use of Chinese Nationalist troops against the Lom- munists in Korea. In a statement directed to the President, McCarthy said: "In this treasonable farce of insisting that only American boys can die, while refusing the help of the soldiers of our Allies continues, then the time is long overdue for the Congress, in the name of America, to stand up and be counted and immediately impeach you." McCarthy added it "is beyond conception that your State depart ment, which either bungled or planned us into this war, now bars the use of any" of Chiang Kai- shek's troops in Korea. The Wisconsin senator said Chiang has well train- ed and well equipped soldiers on the island of Formosa, and that they are "willing and eager to fight the hordes of Chinese Com- munists who are killing our young men." When the Korean war started WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Mostly cloudy and continued cold with oc- casional snow flurries late tonight and Tuesday. Low tonight 5 in city, near zero in country. High Tuesday 20. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 33; minimum, 15; noon, 18; precipitation, .05 (1 inch of Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 19; minimum, 4; wnen uie .n-uieau wai Maximum, ia; minimum, last summer, Chiang offered to noon> 13. precipitation, none; sun ohlftlff It Aflfl Ttfu tjnTl H 1 1 Sf tl'OODS n 4- A-lfl- TMCrtC tn_ send about Nationalist troops (Continued on Page 3, Column 4) MCCARTHY sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 13. These Children Need Good Fellows Will Give It Would you think of Christ- mas as the most wonderful time of time of joy and good you were in the position of this family? Seven people (four adults and three children) living in a house without plumbing not quite 20 feet moth- er, father and three children all sleep in one hus- band is chil- dren lack adequate clothing for the long, cold old- est boy who is four and a half has only a thin pair of cotton trousers and a thin, worn, long- since-outgrown has no mittens. This is just one case. There are far more in Winona this year than most people realize. It is in families like this that the Good Fellows help out by seeing that the children at Be a Good Fellow Previously lilted Mr. and Mrs1. E. C. Anderson Mr. and Mrs. Christ Kiee Myrtle f. Jensen 3.00 ..10.00 least nave proper winter cloth- ing. Some people have criticized the Good Fellows and other or- ganizations' for giving aid to "people who won't help them- selves." It is true that in a few cases laziness, mismanagement, drinking and other factors are partly the cause of the poverty the family faces but the Goad Fellows maintain that the children are not respon- sible. Regardless of WHY the chil- dren are inadequately clothed, thuy are entitled to warm win- ter clothing as a matter of right, just as they are entitled to an education in the public schools. The Good Fellows workers already have started p u r- chasing warm clothing articles for Winona's needy children. Today the first group of school children will come to the Good Fellows headquarters to be fitted with ihe warm clothing they need so much. Won't you help see needy Winona child has to face Christmas with nothing but a tragic, hollow emptiness? Send your contribution to THE GOOD FELLOWS in care of The Republican-Herald. I Conferences With Truman Under Way Wiley Warns Next Few Days May Determine History By John M. Hightower Washington British Prime Minister Attlee came here today to talk over the world crisis with President Truman, and their first conference was promptly set for this afternoon a day earlier than originally planned. The White House announced that he two government heads, with their staffs advisers, began their talks at 3 p.m. The sched- ule, when Attlee left Britain, had called for a meeting tomorrow noon. The earlier meeting gave an in- creased air of urgency to the talks which Attlee described as aimed "to align our policies in the new and troubled situation in the world and to find the of upholding what we know to be right." Cabinet Room Meeting The cabinet room at the White House was chosen for the confer- ence because it can accommodate a large group. Attlee's four-engined British air- liner "Cathay" rolled up on the National Airport apron where Pres- ident Truman, Secretary of State Acheson, Defense Secretary Mar- shall and other officials were wait- ing at about After the greetings, Attlee made a statement for the newsmen there. He said his aim in the talks with .Mr. Truman "is to align our poli- cies in the new and troubled situa- tion in the world and to find the means of upholding what we both know to be right." Attacks Communist! He accused the Communist bloc of trying to "drive a wedge be- tween our two peoples." Senator Alexander Wiley (R.- a top ranking Senate minor- ity member, and Chairman Con- nally (D.-Tex.) of the Senate for- eign relations committee were briefed on the Korean crisis Sun- day in a meeting with Acheson and Undersecretary of Slate Webb. When asked for a comment on the meeting Wiley replied: "The situation is very rioui. This is no time for any- one to be shooting off their mouth. The belt thing to do is keep silent. The ntxt few days may determine history." A harsh, cold wind, driving low wet clouds swept over the port as the British and American leaders talked for a minute or so before the President returned to his wait- ing automobile. In the meantime the British lead- er had greeted all the American officials he knew, such as Ache- son, Marshall and W. Averell Kar- riman, the President's foreign af- fairs adviser, and also Ambassa- dor Sir Oliver Franks and other diplomats from the British Com- monwealth countries. From the airport, President Tru- man returned to his office where he had an engagement to see Sen- ate Democratic Leader Lucas Illinois and other party leaders. His schedule for the day also includ- ed an early afternoon conference with Secretary Acheson. Attlee and his party of advisers went to the British embassy. In his statement, Attlee said: "I am very glad to come to Washington at this critical time to confer with President Truman. "For many years past Great Bri- tain and the United Stales have been agreed on the broad objec- tives of their international policy the maintenance of peace, resist- ance to aggression, the improve- ment of living standards in all countries, the upholding of the democratic way of life. "These objectives are again im- periled and we must take coun- sel together on how we can stand firm in their defense. "Trouble always brings us to- gether more closely than ever. "The latest propaganda attempt of the cominfcrm is to drive a wedge between our two peoples. "The? are wasting their effort. And never more so than at this time when we are waging together, under the United Nations, the struggle in Korea, in which the United States is carrying so heavy a share of the burden, but where we and other members of the Bri- tish Commonwealth are playing our part. "My aim in these talks is to align our policies in the new and troubled situation in the world and to find the means of upholding what we know to be right." ;