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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 3, 1948, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 245 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 3, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES Eight Hurt in Two Collisions Mme. Chiang Visits Secretary Marshall By John M. Hightower Washington Madame Chiang Kai-shek was making progress today in her campaign to carry to top American officials her urgent appeal lor aid against Chinese communists. The first lady of China saw Secretary of State Marshall for about an hour late yesterday. At about the same time President Truman announced that he will receive her on a date to be dis- closed later. Mme. Chiang's meeting with Marshall; at whose Leesburg, Va., home she is staying, occurred at Walter Reed hosptal, where the secretary Is undergoing a physical examination. the The Aisops Rearmament Req High uires er Tax By Joseph and Stewart Alsop is now going on Is a crisis within the adminis- tration comparable to the crisis that preceded Secretary Marshall's Har- vard speech. At that time, the question was whether to pretend to Ignore the increasing menace of Soviet policy, or to adopt the coun- ter measure of the European Re- covery Program. And at that time, President Tru- man made his choice boldly, firmly and with wise vision. Adoption of EJR.P., passage of the draft, launch- Ing of rearmament, last year seem- ed to commit the President to an sll-out effort to stabilize the des perately dangerous world situation. But even then, it was clear that the Increasing costs of American rearmament, plus the need for such further steps as the Atlantic: pact and peacetime lendlease for West- ern Europe, would eventually con- front the President with another difficult choice. This choice Is the issue In the present crisis. Up to now, foreign and defense policy have been fin- anced out of surplus as it were. ..But now the time has come, as predicted, when taxes must be in- creased heavily perhaps by as much as controls must be Imposed to prevent foreign Kiel defense spending from pre- cipitating a serious further Infla- tion. We can either have buslness- as-usual, or a developing foreign and defense policy. We cannot any longer have both. And if we do no go forward on the foreign and defense fronts, we shall automatical- ly go backward, losing ground dis- astrously. THE CHOICE is essentially the same that confronted Stanley Bald- win, when Winston Churchill and other British leaders visited him, In solemn deputation, to warn of Hitler's rearmament. The curious thing Is, in view of the President's past record, that he seems to be seriously considering making Bald- win's comfortable, easy, but ulti- mately suicidal mistake of choosing business-as-usual. Such, at least, Is the practical Implication of the (Continued on Page 4, Column ALSOPS Before the visit had been dis- closed, State department officials said the two probably would meet in a day or so. This was taken as an Indication that the first session, at which Mrs. Marshall was present, was largely social, and that another meeting with Marshall would be held later. The Chinese embassy still had not announced Mme. Chiang's itin- erary, however, and her plans for the two weeks or so she will stay In Washington were for the momen udefinlte. Truman Quizzed Several questions concerning the China heightened by the communist drive toward Nan- put to Mr. Truman al his news conference late yesterday But the President gave no him of what his decision on China aic will all-out help, none at all, or further limited assistance comparable to the pro- gram now in effect. His final decision may be based, at least In part, on a report frorc foreign aid Administrator Paul Hoffman later this well as on State department recom- mendations which have not yet been presented. Hoffman is due to leave today on a world circling trip which will taie him to Britain, China, Korea and Japan by December 20. Nothing to Add To reporters who asked about Bogus Money Floods Nation As lease-holder, Kaiser-Frazer has New York A flood Of coun- terfeit and bills has been been manufacturing automobiles Ir loosed on the country, the total run- the plant since taking occupanc ning Into possibly "millions of dol- after the war's end lars" according to government offi- Chlna, Mr. Truman said he Had nothing to add to his previous policy statements, favoring the develop ment of a stable Chinese That American policy has been jased on continued dealings with Chiang's nationalist government But the President gave no hint as to how that policy may be carried out at a time when the nationalists are rapidly weakening and their communist foes are steadily gaining strength. m While Mr. Truman said he would see Mme, Chiang, he did not say when. He said a White House ap- pointment was the first thing she asked for when she reached Wash- ington Wednesday. At another point, Mr. Truman was asked whether he would send General Douglas MacArthur to China. His reply: An emphatic no Chiang reportedly had asked the President to send a military leader of great prestige to take over vir- tual direction of the war against the description in- terpreted by Chinese diplomats to mean MacArthur. Kaiser-Frazer Firm Buys Willow Run Five Persons Were Injured when a pickup truck and an auto- mobile collided at Broadway and Market street Thursday evening. Carl Marg, Mlnnelska fanner, and three members of his passengers in the truck driven by injured in the mishap which also resulted in Injury to James Sobotta, 751 East King street, the driver of the car shown Jn the above photo. Republican-Herald photo by Merritt Kelley 4 Germans Hanged for War Crimes Cor- xiratlon announced today it is buy ng for the famous, gov irnment-owned former Willow Kur bomber plant. It cost the government to build the factory, accordin to unofficial figures. Munich, Germany A Ger- man navy lieutenant who led the Borkum Island massacre of seven inarmed American airmen was hanged today with three other Ger- man war criminals. to 81 the number of men executed In groups on eight consecutive Fridays for the slaying of concentration camp In- mates, captives and prisoners of war. Lieutenant Erich Sentzel, 46-year- old antiaircraft officer was station- ed on the Island off the German North sea coast when an American bomber made a forced landing there In August, 1944. Seven American crew members were shot to death after being led through a gauntlet of workmen who beat them with fists and shovels. Beaten by Workmen U. S. Army statement said Wentzel volunteered to accompany the guard detail that took the fliers through the town of Borkum. The statement said the route "sig- nificantly led through a densely town" Canton, Hokah, Preston Plan Sewage Projects Canton, Hokah and Preston are among the Minnesota com munities planning sewage disposal facilities, according to an nouncement made today In Kansas City, Mo., by the bureau of th community facilities, Federal Works agency. C. W. Anderson, division engineer, said that these communlti already bad plans completed or to the planning stages for sewag disposal facilities when the water pollution control act was passe last June by the 80th" Congress. In some cases the agency. has ad the preparation of drawings and- specification ,l.. to.- area an status o) ilearby com- munities, as reported by Anderson: Sewer systems. Including disposal plans completed. Cannon plans In process. Sewage disposal plants- plans completed. plans com- pleted. plans In proc- be marched down a promenade along the sea wall where 80 to 100 men In a German workers' corps formed two toes as a gauntlet through, which the filers had to The airmen were kicked and beat- en by the civilian population with- out interference by Wentzel or the guards, the Army reported.. "A soldier shot the fliers to death clals. Secret sen-ice agents and federal reserve bank officials reported yes- terday that the main dumping ground for the counterfeit money, York city. They said the biggest Influx of been New occupied it under 'a 20-year lease The purchase is being madi bogus bills in history has hit the metropolitan area. The bogus bills, which first arous- ed the suspicions of a woman clerk about a week ago, were described by bank officials as masterful Imita- tions. They said the woman clerk no- ticed that a large number of bills, marked with a "G" Jn one section, were coming in from New York dis- trict banks. Usually, the "G" Indi- cates bills are Issued by the Chica- co federal reserve bank. Examina- tion by experts showed the bills were fake. K-F said is is buying the plan from the government on a 20-year Installment plan. Uncle Sam built the mammoth factory for the production of B-2 Liberators in the war. Kaiser-Frazer through the war assets admlnistra tion. Involved are approximately 320 acres of land and 35 buildings with total manufacturing and office space of more than square feet, Kaiser-Frazer said. Kaiser-Frazer said terms call for an Immediate initial payment o: WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and Fair and mild tonight and Saturday except Increasing cloudiness Saturday aft- ernoon. Low tonight 32; high Sat- urday 50. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the hours ending at 12 m. today: 24 45; 26; noon, 45; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at The great bomber plant, completed n 1942, was operated by the Ford Motor Company for the Army. It turned out bombers for the Air Forces. Sister Kenny Drive To Open at Blair Blair, The Aux- iliary unit of the Knudtson-Mattl- son post of the American Legion is sponsoring the Sister Kenny fund drive In for funds for the Sister Kenny foundation for infan- tile paralysis. The drive wffl be arriea on beginning Monday. Aux- iliary members will canvass the village. Mrs. George Larson has been ap- chairman of the campaign. after they had been severely beat- the statement said. Others Hanged Hanged with Wentzel In Lands- erg prison courtyard were: George Eickstein, 46, medical lieu- tenant, accused of. shooting an un- ess. plans completed. plans com- pleted. "The fact that certain communi- ties already have prepared plans for abatement of stream pollution does jot mean necessarily that they will have priorities when the Minnesota pollution control commission he U. S. Public Health service of need as a mm, M Utah Businessman Heads Association Of Manufacturers New York Wallace F. Ben nett, 50-year-old head of a Sa Lake City paint and varnish manu facturing firm, is the new preslden of the National Association o result of the Anderson said. Practically all of Minnesota is within the area designated as the Upper-Mississippi-Red River of the North River basin, one of 14 drain- age areas set up by the Public Health armed American flier to death In March, 1945. Hans Eichel, 58, police director a Offenbach, accused of giving th order which resulted in the death o an American flier in February, 1945 Josef Remmele, 45, sergeant Dachau concentration camp wh 'selected invalids for exterminatio transports" and "was in charge o executions." War crimes officials said 48 men still are scheduled for hanging bu the cases are being reviewed. Armed Force Budget Comment Cut Off By Truman Order Washington On instruc- Jons from the' White House, the armed forces have ordered all per- sonnel to stop talking about the effect of the proposed budget on the military. The fact-that President Truman has stepped In to shut off such talk was disclosed today when the Air Force Issued a statement which said: "The Air Force is circulating to all Air Force personnel the letter from President Truman which di- ected that extreme caution be exer- cised in statements on items which nay be included In the budget and egislative programs." It was learned the secretaries 'of IB Army and Navy have sent sim- ar instructions to personnel under them. The White House move came in ic wake of publication of views by he individual services on the effect the President's proposed cfillng for the military bud- service. The area also Includes parts of North Dakota and extends Into Iowa and Missouri. The FWA advances for planning were Intended to provide a reserve shelf of local public works with blueprints and specifications ready to go to contract bidding whenever economic conditions warranted. The advances are to be repaid Into the U. S. treasury when construction Is started. The Federal Works administrator is authorized to make grants for preparation of drawings and speci- fications for sewage treatment works and to make loans bearing two per cent Interest for construction of such facilities. Grants for plan preparation and loans for construc- tion may not be made, however, un- til the project Is approved by the state water pollution authority and the Public Health service. The act also provides for the au- thorization of up to a year for the next five years to the Fed- eral Security agency to be used as research and investigation grants to state and interstate water pollution control agencies. Another a year for five years is authorized to the Federal Works agency to be granted to municipalities to aid iem in paying for surveys prelim- inary to the construction of treat- ment projects approved for loans. The new law is the first specific federal legislation aimed at clean- ing up the streams of the country. Manufacturers. His election was announced las night at the close of the secon day of the N.A.M.'s 53rd annua congress of American industry. "My selection as president of th Bennett said, "is a recog nition of the growing importanc of western Industry. This Is first time the presidency of th th N.AiI. has gone west of Chicago. Bennett, whose paint compan employs about 225 workers, sal his election also is "a recognition of the importance of small busl ness." Bennett, who has served as a regional vice-president and director of the NAM., succeeds Morris Sayre of the Corn Products Re- ining Company. Sayre becomes chairman of the N.A.M. board on January 1. In addition to heading the Ben- nett Glass and Paint Company Bennett .beads the Bennett Motoi Company, Salt Lake. He is presideni of the Cardon Jewelry Company, ol Logan, Utah, and vice-president of the Clayton Investment Company of Salt Lake. Missouri School May Admit Negroes Jefferson City, Mo. The University of Missouri board of curators has recommended that Missouri Jaws be revised to let state- supported colleges admit Negroes on a restricted basis. The board suggested Negroes be admitted not offered at Lincoln University for Negroes at Jefferson City. itrength of the Suchow garrison at men. The forward elements were stalled by red columns 25 miles reported the south of Suchow. Military sources communists entered Suchow only to find huge supply depots destroyed. Ammunition and gasoline dumps Police Arrest Drivers of Two Vehicles Number Injured Sets Record For One Night Eight persons were of them two traffic accidents Thursday night and this morning. Two motorists were ar- rested. Five were Injured when a pickup truck driven by Carl Marg, route one, Mlnnelska, and an automobjjs driven by James Sobotta, 751 East King street, collided at Broadway and Market streets. The crash oc- curred at p. m. Thursday. Injured in that accident were: Mrs. Carl Marg, 59, route one, Mlnneiska, who was treated at the Winona General hospital for a possible skull fracture. Carl Marg, 49, her husband, who suffered a sprained arm, Donald Marg, 24, son of Mr. and Mrs. Carl Marg, also re- ported to have suffered a frac- tured skull. Bonnie Marg, 21, treated for head bruises. James Sobotta, 21, 751 East King street, who suffered head and leg bruises. Three others were Injured at a. m. today in the collision of cars driven by Raymond J. Feehan, 451 East King street, and Brendan Raseth, 24, of Minneapolis. The accident was at West Broadway and Main streets. The Injured were in the Raseth vehicle. Their names: Brendan Minne- apolis, treated for an arm injury. I Herbert Leler, 40, St. Paul, 1 who suffered head cuts. Dolores Gottschalk, 21, 521 Chestnut street, treated for head cuts and bruises. Highest Recorded Last night's accident toll was the highest recorded this year during a single 24-hour period in the city and was equal to the number Injured in traffic mishaps during the enttro month of November this year. Still confined In the Wlnona eral hospital this morning were Mrs. Marg and her son Donald1, two of four persons who were In the cab of the Marg truck when It collided with the Sobotta machine. Mr. Marg was arrested and charg- ed with having violated a trafflo regulation by permitting four peo- Suchow Fall Confirmed By Chinese By Seymour Topping communist capture of Suchow was confirmed today by government military ources. They said evacuation of the big nationalist base 214 miles northwest of Nanking was completed' at :rioon Wednesday. The red radio an- nounced capture of the city at 10 p. m., local time, last night. Three government army groups totalling men pulled out of Suchow In an effort to relieve the trapped 12th army group to the south, In the Sunslen sector. Foreign military observers, how- ._, ever, estimated the effective combat e of his truck.. He forfeited ft deposit when he failed to appear In muni- cipal court to answer the charge before Judge E. D. Libera tfcis ing. According to police who Investi- gated the mishap, Marg was driving east on Broadway and was turning were blown up. Air observers said north on Market street when his smoke pillars reached above Suchow. Those sources said the Suchow feet truck collided with the Sobotta car. Treated at Hospital army groups would have to fight ;hrough a 30-mile belt to make con- act with the troops trapped at Suhsien and about 60 miles to reach Occupants of both vehicles were brought to the hospital in the po- lice ambulance and a squad car but only the Injuries of Mrs. Marg and _.. ___________ Donald were found to be serious he sixth and eighth nationalist army enough to demand extended hospital ;roups which have formed a defense treatment. ine on the Hwal river, 100 miles northwest of Nanking. Meanwhile, seven red columns to- talling about men eased their way to another car at an intersec- assault on the Hwai river line. They were reported to have moved north Hon. Feehan told police that he was driving east on Broadway and evidently to help stop the Suchow had stopped for a traffic signal Just arrison) and to have left only a before the accident occurred. small holding force opposite the Hwal river armies. Government quarters reported the army of about, men had central China command to bolster he Nanking garrison. Except for the forces in the Suchow-Hwal river oops to defend Nanking and langhaL Earlier today, the government in- icated it would make a fighting re- eat to mountainous South China II reds overrun this area. In the developing battle for North titoa, the government admitted the ojnmunists had cut the railroad be- tween Felping and Kaigan, capital Charar province in Inner Mon- Raseth, whose' car was Involved in the second crash, was charged with failure to yield the right of When the signal light flashed green, Feehan began to make a left turn just as Raseth, traveling east on Broadway attempted to pass the Deen ordered from the Palchungshi Feehan car. The two machines col- lided, police said, and after the im- pact, Raseth's automobile skidded across the Intersection, struck a ilia. Kaigan is about 100 miles irthwest of Peiping. However, headquarters of Ration- alist General Fu Tso-yl asserted that reds had been beaten in a fight the Kaigan area, with com- unlsts killed and 380 captured. SHOPPING LEFT Six Small Children Die in Oshkosh Fire Oihkodi, small children died In a fire which, de- stroyed their home last night. The fire struck the home of Mr. and Mrs. Arnold Carpenter shortly before midnight. Police said Carpenter told them an oil heater Ignited the kitchen and he was prevented by flames from Teaching the bedroom where the children were deeping. Mrs. Carpenter was at the time on her night Job at a man order bouse. The dead were Mary, (seven; Charlotte, Russell, four; Kenneth, Barbara, two, and Sandra, four months- They were burned and suffocat- ed, police said. Carpenter was treated by a physician for bums on hands and face and Mrs. Carpenter was taken to a hospital with shock after, she was informed of the tragedy, police said. The only entrance to the wooden frame house was the front door, police said, since the outside door lead- Ing to the bedroom was locked for the winter. Firemen conquered the blaze within an hour after it started, police The bedroom walls were left standing but the in- terior was gutted. street and overturned. Three An three occupants of the Braseth car were taken to the hospital In a police squad car but only Raseth's Injuries required hospital treatment. A momentary hazard to other motorists and spectators at the accident scene was caused by gaso- line which spilled over the pave- ment from the two cars. The Wi- nona fire department was called to flush the gasoline from the street before traffic was resumed. Two other minor traffic accidents were reported to police Thursday. The first Involved automobiles driven by Sylvan M. Thlel, Lafayette street, and Miss Viola R, Otis, 528 East Mark street, which collided at Fifth and Wilson street! Thursday at p. m. Damage to the Thiel car, which was traveling west on. Fifth street, was estimated at and to the Otis car proceeding north on Wil- son, At Fourth and Franklin streets Thursday at p. m., cars driven jy Ned Bellerue, La Crosse, and John Schneider, 323 East Fourth street, collided. Bellerue was ar- rested for failing to stop fox an offi- cial stop idgn. Btllerue estimated damages to car at while Schneider report- ed damage to his machine. Clara City Store Damaged by Blaze Clara City, Minn. fire starting from an overheated stove pipe caused approximately damages to the Jack Rudd general store Monday. A. ;