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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 1, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Snow Ending Early Tonight, Warmer Tuesday Be a Goodfeilow VOLUME 52, NO. 243 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 1, 1952 TWENTY PAGES TODAY Dec! ision On Korea Awaited By JOSEPH ALSOP D. Eisenhow- er's trip to Korea, plus the reac- tions to it here in London, add up to an interesting composite sym- bol. In fact the Korean problem stands for a whole class of prob- lems which will be sitting on the presidential doorstep, ticking away" like so many time bombs, when Eisenhower enters the White House. First of all, overestimating the explosive political possibilities is really impossible. Whatever deci- sion Eisenhower takes at Seoul, unless it is a decision to do noth- ing at all, is quite likely to touch off a major explosion in Britain and on the continent. Loss of con- fidence in American good sense and good intentions has gone very far and very deep. Bad trouble can only be avoided if Eisenhower ex- plains what he means to do in frank detail and in advance of do- ing it. Since his decision can hardly be published to the whole world, Ei- senhower will necessarily have to limit these advance consultations to our major allies. This will run counter to the State Department's passionate belief in the prime rule for being a bad invite anyone to a party unless you in- vite everyone. But the fact re- mains that unilateral American action in Korea, taken without ad- vance; Allied discussions, is now capable of shaking the Western Alliance to its foundations. Bold Program Welcome Second, however, there are signs that an intelligent and bold pro- gram of action in Korea, if wisely presented, will be welcomed and supported in London. Among the small number of British govern- ment leaders who know the facts, the feeling is reluctantly growing, so to speak, that it will be down- right dangerous to prolong the present Korean stalemate indefin- itely. The reasons for this are highly practical. In brief, during the last year- and-a-half of stalemate, our own power in Korea has not been im- portantly augmented, while the enemy power has been massively continuously built up. In Korea proper, the Chinese No.'th Korean armies have beta brought to full strength. They been deeply dug in. They hare been provided with great quantities cf armor and artillery they previously lacked. They have accumulated huge forward stocks of supplies of all kinds. Above the Yalu, meanwhile, the Chinese armies in position to en- ter the Korean fighting have been increased to at least half a mil- lion men, by the always conserva- tive British estimate. And the Sov- iet-Chinese air forces- have been strikingly augmented, by at least 200 of the new Russian twin jet medium bombers among other ele- ments. Enemy Gaining Power The continuity of the enemy build-up is the impressive point. Recruitments of additional South Korean forces will of course some- what redress the balance. But the fact remains that the enemy look; like it is gaining power much faster than we can gain power. Obviously if this is allowed to go on indefinitely, a time will come when the enemy power will be dangerously preponderant. At that time, the enemy will be able to think about breaking the Korean k stalemate by the simple expedient of throwing us bodily out of the Korean peninsula. Those who know these facts in London will therefore not be shock- ed if President Eisenhower pro- poses what may be called a pre- ventive offensive, limited to Korea, and intended to bring the enemy to terms before his build-up has gone too far. Furthermore, the same inner group of informed men here are also hoping that President Eisen- hower will note the existence of the same dangerous pattern in other areas. In Indochina parti- cularly, the position is even more threatening than in Korea. In brief, the French and Viet Namese forces had a hard job on their hands to contain the Communist forces of the Viet Minh, even when the Viet Minh armies were purely guerrilla armies. Now, however, the Vist Minh commander, Gen, Vo Nguyen Giap, disposes of no less than five organized divisions, trained and equipped for him across the Chinese border. The en- try of these divisions explains the difficulties the French are now having. Need American Aaid Furthermore, while the French cannot increase their strength in Indochina without American help, Vo Nguyen Giap is increasing his strength importantly. Three Viet Minh additional divisions are known to be in training, and may easily be ready for combat at the end of six months. Certain intelli- gence sources have discerned the cadres of six further Viet M'inh divisions which may be ready in about a year. If the Viet Minh are thus reinforced while the French are not, an eventual victory for (Continued on Page 9, Column 5) ALSOft Mri. Harry S. left, greets Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower at the White House entrance today in Washington as the wife of the president-elect calls to look over the residence she'll occupy after Jan. 20. Story on page 6. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) Broad Gaps in North Defenses By ELTON C. FAY AP Military Affairs Reporter (Editor's note: Elton C. Fay, Associated Press Military affairs writes the following article from a background of first- hand experience. Fay has -visited the North Pole, the remote Alas- kan and Greenland air bases, and other defense projects m the icy wastelands of the Far North.) WASHINGTON LW-Broad gaps appear in the outer arc 01 me defense system along the North American continent over which bombers from Russia could fly toward targets in the Lmted States. Although the joint and intensive, efforts of this country and Canada have succeeded in getting a radar system Mo operation, which, Officials Probe Refinery Blast Killing 7 Men NEDERLAND, Tex. of Pure Oil Co tried to figure out today why a key unit of its huge refinery here blew up Saturday night killing seven men and injur- ing three others. "All we know is there was a big said Max Sniffen, staff as- sistant to the plant manager, be- fore the probe began. All that was left of the 200 foot high petroleum cracking unit was a bunch of twisted, blackened beams. The tower, which used "both S cr'uVof exploded with a roar. The flames were visible for 25 miles. All seven men in the control room of the cracking unit were killed. Juke Box, Pinball Controls Lifted WASHINGTON Wl Juke boxes and pinball games are now ex- empt from price controls. The Office of Price Stabilization, explaining that juke boxes and pin- ball games are not significant in the cost of living, Sunday lifted ail controls on sales of coin-operated amusement machines, and on fees and charges paid by the public for their operation. detect an approaching enemy, bases are lacking from which in- terceptors could challenge raiders at some points along the vast per- imeter. On the basis of recent official disclosures and visits by newsmen, the Far North defense picture looks like this: Fields in Alaska At the northwest end: A system of major and secondary airfields, troops to defend them, now ex- ists in Alaska, where the United States is a next door neighbor of Russia. Neither complete comple- ments of planes nor of ground forces are there, but present strength can be augmented swiftly by flying men and planes from the United States. At the northeast corner: Virtual completion of a huge bomber and fighter base at Thule brings to three the number of American- operated air fields in Greenland. Together with those Greenland units of the Northeast Air Com- mand are other bases, in Laborador and New Foundlancl. But along a stretch of wasteland and frozen sea be- tween Greenland and a point in Canada near Alaska there exist few if any fields capable of send- ing up a substantial force of in- terceptors. The radar eyes might see an enemy along the rim, but it would remain up to fighter bases farther down in Canada and in the United States to provide the interception. Bases in Greenland A somewhat similar situation ists in Greenland. The three pres- ently operating USAF bases are located at Narsarssuak, at the southwestern corner; at Sondes- trom Fjord just north of the Arctic (Continued on Page 17, Column 4.) DEFENSES Aldrich New Ambassador to Great Britain Trio Named to Represent Ike in Government Survey By MARTIN POST NEW YORK UP) President- elect Dwight D. Eisenhower turns bis attention to international af- fairs again today after a busy weekend during which he named two top foreign staff officers. His appointment list for today, as announced by Secretary Arthur Vandenberg Jr., is composed al- most exclusively of the men who will carry the burden of the in- coming administration's foreign problems. It contains these names: John Foster Dulles, secretary of state-designate; Republican ban- ker Winthrop -W. Aldrich, named yesterday to be U. S. to Great Britain; Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. of Massachusetts, who will head the American delega- tion to the United Nations; and Harold E. Stassen, whom Eisen- hower has selected to head the vast Mutual Security Agency. To See Dulles Lodge is also to huddle with Dulles separately, if possible, with Ambassador Warren R. Aus- tin, the Vermont Republican whom Lodge will succeed at the U. N. In addition, Gen. Lucius D. Clay is due to see the President-elect. Clay, now chairman of the board of the Continental Can Company, was an early advocate of Eisen- i bower's nomination. I Eisenhower's weekend also in- eluded consideration of adminis- trative problems of operating a I government. A hush-hush meeting at Eisen- hower's Columbia University resi- dence with Nelson A. Rockefeller and two college presidents, Dr. Arthur S. Flemming and Dr. Mil- French Retain in BUY AS FUNDS PERMIT Goodfeilow Workers to Outfit First Group of Needy Children Tuesday The Winona Goodfellows workers i months. The gifts are practical, will start their purchasing Tues- day. But they must proceed slowly. Although the Goodfellows fund to date) is not large enough to indicate how much money can be spent on each child, Goodfellows workers must start now in order to serve between 800 and 900 needy Winona children before Christmas, which is only 24 days away. Goodfellows workers are starting now with the hope that moire and more people will make early con- tributions to. the fund. Tuesday morning Goodfellows will take a small group of needy boys and girls into clothing stores where the youngsters will be out- fitted with new articles of warm clothing paid out of the Goodfel- lows fund. If you're downtown shopping Tuesday morning, chances are that you'll see the Goodfellows at work. The children will be accompanied by their school teacher or principal to the Goodfellows headquarters where workers wilt determine what clothes each child will need. -When this is finished, the children will be taken to the stores. Every youngster will be fitted with all the articles of clothing he must have to face the cold winter bought not for glamor but rather for warmth and wear. Shoes and overshoes are fitted correctly on the child's feet; he tries on several coats until fitted correctly. When you see a child helped in this way, you know he's bundled-up in sturdy clothes that will protect him from the snow and sub-zero weather. Without this help, hundreds of underprivileged Winona youngsters won't have the clothes to play out- doors with the other boys and girls or withstand the cold trip to school. So won't you be a Goodfeilow today? Bring or mail your con- tribution now to the Goodfellows in care of The Republican-Herald. Make checks payable to "The Goodfellows." Be A Goodfellow Following is a list of contribu- tions to the Goodfellows fund to date: Previously Two friends, Arcadia 2.00 The Republican-Herald 500.00 Walter F. Sullivan..... 5.00 Mr. and Mrs. W. L. H. 10.00 AFriend................ 1.00 Winthrop W. Aldrieh ton Eisenhower, was followed by announcement of appointment of I the three as a committee to repre- sent the President-elect in a pri- vately conducted study of govern- mental organization. Rockefeller is a former 'assistant secretary of state and co-ordinator of inter-American affairs. Flem- ming, president of Ohio Wesleyan University, is chairman of the Manpower Policy Committae of the Office of Defense Mobilization. Milton Eisenhower, the general's brother, is president of Pennsyl- vania State College. Succeeds Gilford The naming of Aldrich yester- day to succeed Walter S. Gifford, former board chairman of the American Telephone and Tele- graph Company, followed by a day the designation of Lodge as head of the American U. N. delegation. Lodge, defeated in his bid for re-election Nov. 4, has been Eisen- hower's liaison man with the out- going Truman administration. Vandenberg, announcing Eisen- hower's intention to send Aldrich to Great Britain, said the Presi- dent-elect would respect "with re- luctance" a wish expressed by Gifford to resign. A Harvard graduate, Aldrich is chairman of the board of the Chase National Bank of New York; chairman and director of the Chase Safe Deposit Company; and a di- rector of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company., Interna- tional Paper Company, Metropoli- tan Life Insurance Company, West- inghouse Corp., the New York Cen- tral Railroad and the Discount Corp. of New York. The ambassador-designate, 67, said in a statement that he is "extremely glad to have the priv- ilege of serving my country" and that he is "particularly proud" to succeed bis old friend, Gifford, also 67, "who has occupied that post with such distinguished suc- cess." An embassy statement said Gifford wrote President Truman last September advising him he intended to- retire in 1953 "regard- less of the outcome of the elec- tion." Two Children Asphyxiated NASHWAUK, Minn. W) Two Pengilly, Minn., children died of asphyxiation here as they waited for their father in a car with the motor running. Ruth and Howard Conners, 10 and 12 respectively, died as they waited for their father, Lawrance Con- ners, outside a combination liquor store and bar. According to author- ities, Conners was absent four 9 p. m. Saturday to 1 a. m. Sunday. Eben Henderson, assistant Itasca County coroner, placed the time of death at p. m. Conners, a crane operator at a mine near Pengilly, had picked up the children after a movie and left them in the car while he entered the establishment. Adult Believed Mutilator of Five Churches TONKAWA, Okla. UP) A State Crime Bureau agent and Baptist minister agreed today they do not believe the group which broke into I five churches last week end, muti- lating the interiors of some and burning others, was just a bunch of prankish youngsters. Instead, they hinted it might be the work of a subversive group or possibly a deranged mind. On the wall of one of the churches the penciled words "Go to hell" were scribbled grotesquely. Ministers and aroused towns- people in this city of aided by state authorities, mapped plans to nab the vandals in the event off another raid. Guards were placed in churches in this and neighboring cities. "We've got to catch said Crime Bureau Agent Sid Wilson. "We want to save other churches in this area from the same treat- ment." American flags, Bibles, and reli- gious furniture appeared to be the I prime targets of the vandals. The i Rev. J. M. Gaskin of the Baptist Church theorized: "The only motive, we believe, is a subversive action aimed prima- rily at the flag of the United States, the Bible and the church." Father J. Robert Henshaw of the Catholic Church, the most badly damaged of the five, revealed there was a fire two weeks ago under similar conditions. He said damage to his church from both fires would reach the mark. Previous estimates put damage to all buildings at nearly The Catholic and Methodist Churches were set ablaze Satur- day, and while they burned, the interior of the Baptist Church was mutilated. Friday, the Christian and Presbyterian Churches re- ceived ths same treatment, but no fires were set except to American flags on their staffs. Faye E. Mugge, 15, of Cleghorn, la., stands with her Aberdeen Angus calf "Shorty" after the animal was chosen junior champion steer at the International Livestock show in Chicago. The sum- mer yearling was picked from among more than 400 entered in the junior feeding contest. (AP Wirephoto) Iowa Girl's Over First CHICAGO A delighted young farm girl whose calf was. named junior champion at the Internation- al Livestock Exposition Saturday, today advanced a step closer to the show's most coveted award of champion steer. Fay E. Mugge, 15, a 4-H Club girl from Cleghorn, la., successfully led her pound Aberdeen-An- gus calf, through its first hurdle in open class judging which commenced today. Big Smile A big smile broke through her worried countenance, when the chief steer judge, A. D. Weber of Kansas State College, named her calf first of the breed's summer yearlings. The pretty, dark-haired girl beat out 23 male adult competitors to win the top award of the class. To make the finals, her steer must win over summer yearlings of the Hereford and Shorthorn breeds and then be named chajn- pion of Aberdeen-Angus. In the first two days of grain and hay competition, these are among the "Kings" and reserve champions who have been selected: Wheat: Spencer Dunham, Caro, Mich., first; R. P. Robbins, Shaun- avon, Sask., second. Barley: George S. Snow, Milk River, Alta., first; George Gwyllt, Kelvington, Sask., second. Alfalfa: Murray W. Coverdale, Cayuga, Ont, first; Sam H. Bober, Newell, S. D., second. Field beans: Betty Lou King, Caro, Mich., first; Albert Robbins, Laura, Sask., second. Steer Hurdle 5-Ytir-Old Dachshund, became too enthusiastic while chasing a rabbit. He slipped a disc in his spine. His back legs were pairalyzed. His future looked dark indeed, for the vet said there'was no hope. Then Esky's master, Billy Bower, 10, of South Bend, Ind., and Billy's father designed this walker. .Esky took to it with glee. And now the yet is giving him shots that may help him recover. Here Billy adjusts the harness on the sling. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) J. Spencer Dunham (above) of Caro, is the new wheat-growing champion of North America. Dunham's wheat samples won top honors at the International Livestock Show in Chicago, Nov. 29. (AP Wirephoto) tornado Kills 35 Africans JOHANNESBURG, South Africa estimated 35 Negroes were killed and more than 400 injured Sunday night by a tornado that flattened a flimsy mud and brick squatters settlement, Albertyns- ville, on the edge of Johannesburg. Witnesses said the howling wind hit the mile square suburb of persons like an atomic blast. Houses collapsed and buried peo- ple before they could escape. Resi- dents in the" streets were bowled over and struck by flying debris. The government's strict racial segregation policy was forgotten as whites rushed to help. They turned their car lights on the wreckage. Then, by the hundreds, they dug through the rubble for hours to free the injured and take out bodies. SHOPPING 'DAYS LEFT People's Party Retains 29 of 50 House Seats Blank Ballots Cast by Fourth Of Voters By DON DOANE SAARBRUECKEN, The Saar W This disputed border French-backed government was re- turned to office today with a clear majority in parliamentary and with only one-fourth of the voters casting blank or invalid bal- lots to show a desire to rejoin Germany. Complete official returns from yesterday's balloting gave the Christian People's party (CVP) of Prime Minister Johannes Hoffmann 55 per cent of the valid vote, com- pared with 51.4 per cent at the last election in 1947. The party probably will hold 29 of the 50 seats in Parliament. The Social Democrats held on to second place with 33 per cent of the legal votes and likely will get 17 seats. Communists, with a 9 per cent vote, rate four seats. Three per cent of the votes went to a new faction, the Democratic party. To' Resume Talks Hoffman predicted in a victory statement that France and Ger- many soon will resume previous talks seeking a peaceful settlement of the Saar issue. The talks down during the campaign preced- ing the elections, the holding of which the Germans bitterly opposed. Parties favoring a return of small coal-rich Saar to Germany were barred from the ballot. But 24 per cent of the votes cast were invalid or unmarked. This was a clear re- sponse to West German that Saarlanders protest against their close ties with France but not the massive boycott which the Germans bad sought. Ninety-three per cent of the eli- gible Saar voters went to the amazing turnout for a day that was chilly and wet. Hoffmann claimed his victory was a decisive one, and Gilbert Grandval, French ambassador here, himself "highly pleased" with the results. The am- bassador said it served not only the interests of France and The Saar but of all Europe by smooth- ing the path toward European integration. Strong Ties France takes the position that the densely populated industrial barn with its population of about should keep its strong eco- nomic ties with France or become a "Europeanized" international zone." Germany contends The Saar, with its German language and cul- tural heritage, is and should be a part of the "fatherland." The bitterness of the French-Ger- man dispute had aroused fears it might keep Germany from joining the proposed European army. H o f f m a n n's victory today strengthened France's position in the struggle but left the issues un- settled. Pro-Germans claimed their 903 blank votes of protest made them rather than the Socialists the "second largest party." The complete official vote: Chris- tian People's party, Social Democrats, Communists, Democratic People's party WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Cloudy, snow ending early tonight; clear- ing Tuesday morning. Tuesday partly cloudy and somewhat warm- er. Low tonight 24, high Tuesday 35. 4 LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 26; .minimum, 5; noon, 26; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 30; minimum, 6; noon, 30; precipitation, trace of snow; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (Wis. Central Observations) Max. temp. 29 at a.m. to- day, min. 8 at p.m. Sunday. Noon overcast feet, visibility five miles, wind eight miles per hour from south- east, barometer 30.18 steady, hu- midity 79 per cent. ;