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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 1, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Winona at2P.M Snow Tonight and Saturday Who Is Tops In Our Town? VOLUME 50, NO. 243 FiVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 1, 1950 EIGHTEEN PAGES LINCOLN SCHOOL CONTRACT LET Elevator Bums at Rushford Flames Light The Early Morning Sky at Rushford, Minn., as the Johnson Elevator Is engulfed by fire. The large frame struc- ture, dating back mnny years, was burned to the ground, but wrr- rounding buildings, Including lumber warehouse, Fire was discovered about 5 a. m. and was brought under control by a. m. No one was hurt in the blaze which destroyed coal, a large truck, considerable feed corn and all office records. Rees Johnson operates the elevator, having taken control from his RED SABOTAGE IN U. S. Stockholm Peace Appeal Directed By Communists Red Party Members Directed To Fight Use of Atomic Bomb (Copyright, 3950, Winona Republican-Herald and New York Herald Tribune, Inc.) By Fendall Yerxa vnd Ogden R. Reid THE infamous Stockholm Peace Appeal, a master sabotage stroke on the ideological front calculated to weaken and disarm the West, was planned and put across in the United States by the Communist party. Secret files of the party itself testify that the Communist arch con- spiracy not only lured thousands of loyal Americans into signing the subversive Stockholm petition under false pretenses, but also sparked the maneuver with a militant offensive, and even supplied some of the funds needed to make it a success. their the present day Com- munist equivalent of Munich's "peace in our with the same results of disastrous ap- peasement, this time in the face of Red Fascism. Some of its objectivts have already been attained, and the results measured. Recent reports from Europe ominously relate that political pressures, resulting from a fear-inspired sentiment for have undermined the Western World's alliance and threaten it with collapse. Buck Use of Atomic Bombs Similar results are sought here at home. Tne Communists seek to build up such revulsion to atomic bombs as to make it politically impossible to use them, thus nullifying America's most potent weapon. They seek to withdraw public support from military preparedness and to "change the whole atmosphere of the country" to one of abject isolationism which would leave the world defenseless. At the same time, the Russians remain uncommitted to direct action for peace, continue their huge armament buildup while their large atomic pro- gram goes unchecked, and endeavor to blunt the swords of any whc would stand in their way. Directives and reports to the Communist party leadership in the United States disclose that the peace program, underestimated by the State department as a scored its gains in this country solely because of the activities of the party. They show how the party mustered its forces for a "single gigantic peace effort" which was to be an. "all-out unprecedented" drive. They reveal the Communist plans to penetrate non-Communist organizations of all unions, women's clubs, Negro organizations, even the ram the peace petition and its ideology down the throats of unsuspecting Americans, who believed until it was too late that they were participating in a spontaneous uprising fostered by "men and women of goodwill." Funds Provided The Communist files show that when funds were necessary for the drive they came directly from the party's coffers. The party, which admits within its own circles that "Communists are not pacifists" and that there is a distinction between "just" and "unjust" wars, unmasked the hypocrisy of its peace program in a recent "party line" report of Gus Hall, one of the chief Communist policy makers in the United States. Hall told the party's national committee last July "We must make clear that the struggle for peace, as understood by Marxists, does not mean accepting the status quo in the world, does not mean accepting colonial bondage, does not mean postponing the struggle for Socialism (Russian That was never our concept of the struggle for peace, nor can this be the concept of the Marxists. For such a concept means buying peace by accepting slavery, and that cannot be the outlook for Communists." He declared that "liberated peoples" are still the greatest force RED SABOTAGE (Continued on Page 13, Column 3.) te father, Magnus Johnson. Loss; City's Second Bad Fire in Year By Al Olcon Ruihford, Minn. Fire swept through the Johnson Elevator company's main building here early this morning, leveling 'the frame landmark in a blaze. It was Rashford's second bad elevator and feed company fire this year. In March a new feed mill at the Farmer Elevator com- pany was destroyed and loss es- timated at Today's fire was discovered shortly after 5 a.m. and an alarm was turned in by Carl Huseboe who lives near-by. Located a block from the main business district, the elevator is owned by Mrs. Elizabeth Johnson. Her son, Rees, manages the busi- ness. Undetermined Origin Starting from an undetermined origin, the blaze roared through the 45-foot high frame elevator and threatened a near-by lumber yard warehouse and other buildings. But the Rushford volunteer fire- men, headed by Chief Arthur Swenson, worked rapidly and (Continued on Page 9, Column 4.) FIRE Photo by James Eggen Truman Asks 18 Billion More For Defense Tru- man today asked Congress for to speed a buildup of the armed forces and vastly ex- pand the atomic energy program. Mr. Truman called congressional leaders of both parties to the Whive House for a conference on the grav- est crisis since the end of World War II and then told them the government needs: for a quick build- up of the Arrny, Navy, Marines and Air Force. to speed up the atomic energy nrogram, which expected to run between means increasing" the stockpile of j and M Pledges Full Support Of War Effort Military, Diplomatic Leaders Confer With President By Jack Bell Washington Full-scale Re- publican support of the Korean war effort was promised by Senator Taft (R.-Ohiu; today as President Truman called Congress leaders in- to grim conference on the military crisis. The President summoned the na- tion's.military and diplomatic chief- tains to sit in with the lawmakers for a review of what Mr, Truman has decribed as a fight for "our own national security and surviv- al." Further pointing up the urgency of the world situation and the im- pending threat of a new full-scale world war was an early personal meeting between Mr. Truman and Prime Minister Attlee Great Bri- tain. The Washington talks, which probably will start this weekend, were suggested by Attlee. The White House said they will cover Korea and other problems. Problems at Issue At issue in today's White House conference may be such moment- ous possibilities as (1) Use of the atomic bomb against Chinese Communist troops, (2) Permis- sion for General Douglas MacAr- thur to send bombers blasting north of the Manchurian border and (3) How fast to step up manpower and industrial mobilization at home. The President already had made clear one vital point come what may, U. S. forces won't voluntar- ily be withdrawn from Korea. As word came from top officials that the expanding defense effort is going to start hurting all seg- ments of the civilian economy, there were these other develop- ments: 1. Mr. Truman named Mayor Mi- chael V. DiSalle of Toledo to be price administrator an action which many lawmakers took to mean that wage and price controls will be imposed at some point in the not too distant future. 2. The administration offered its long-awaited civil defense bill, pro- viding for an administrator Who would have vast powers in event of an attack on this country. Its fate in Congress was uncertain. To back up the forces in Korea and his pledge to intensify U. S. efforts to help other free nations rearm, the President planned to give Democratic and Republican legislators available details on a request for speedy action on addi- tional atomic and military funds High School Band To Welcome Santa Mind your manners, kiddies Claus is coming to town Saturday! Jovial Santa's visit this week is the first he'll make here this Christmas season. All children of Winona and sur- rounding area are expected to turn out for the big event. Arriving via the Reindeer Special early Saturday after- noon, Santa will be ushered into the downtown shopping district at 2 p. m. by the Winona Se- nior High school band. He'll ride on a specially decorated Ch'istmas float, The Christmas parade is scheduled to proceed east on Third street to Franklin street, then west on Second street to Center street. The caravan will stop on Center street between Second and Third streets where Santa will distribute gift pack- stockings fill- ed with candy. Children who wish an oppor- tunity to tell Santa what they'd like for Christmas will be able to speak to him while the float is parked on Center street. It is expected that Mr, S. C. will stay in Winona until about p. m. before he must leave to make a stop at another city. For those children who can't get down to see Santa Claus this .Saturday, there's good news. He'll be in Winona the after- noon and evening of each day on which stores are open eve- 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 21, 22 and 23. The Merchants Bureau of the Association of Commerce is sponsoring Santa's trip to Wi- nona. George Fish is chair- man of the arrangements. Bomb Not Needed, Allied General Says MacArthur's top intelligence officer said to- day atom bombs are not needed now against the Chinese Reds mauling United Nations forces in North Korea. He reported the Allied line in the critical northwest is being stabil- ized. The U. S. Eighth army retreated to this shortened line extending from the Yellow Sea after its se- vere setback by the Chinese in the past week. Eighth army sources expected strong new Red attacks on that front Friday night or Saturday. A spokesman said enemy strength was building up south of the Chong- chon river. In the northeast across the pen- insula's mountainous United Nations forces were reporttj mak- ing a fighting retreat southward on both sides of the big Chongjin reservoir. Willoughby Quizzed Major General Charles A. Wil- loughby, MacArthur's 5-2 boss, as- sessed the war situation for cor- respondents in a state- ment in Tokyo, and then submitted to questioning. Army to Call Men In February Washington WV- The Army to- day issued a draft call for men in February. The February call brings the total of Army draft requests to men since September. The first call was for men Asked if there were any targets in September. It was followed by atom bombs. This money is on top of prospec- tive government outlays of to during the fiscsl year, ending next June 30, and or more in the [next 12 months, Taft, who heads the SenateG.O.P. policy committee, said he thinks Republicans will go all out for any measure calculated to bring relief to hard pressed United Is7ations (Continued on Page 9, Column S.) TAFT Dense Clouds Of Steam BiSew from the ruins of the Johnson Elevator at Rushford. Taken from the Chicago and "itirrausei; railroad tracks, the picture shows the charred end of the Botsford Lumber Company at the left, mias-of the elevator, and coal sheds at the right owned by the Johnson company. The blaze was fcngit for slightly more than an hour before being brought under control. Firemen coniiaued to spray water on the debris at noon today. Republican-Herald photo in North Korea suitable for attack "with the A-bomb, Willoughby said: I would prefer not to answer. In any case, I am not prepared to accept this situation as one of a desperate nature calling for des- perate measures." The question was prompted by President Truman's declaration Thursday that atomic weapons are under consideration for use if nec- essary against the Chinese. This briefing of war correspond- ents in Tokyo came as the retreat- ing U. N. forces on the northwest took positions on a line 30 miles north of the former Red Korean capital, Pyongyang. 38th Parallel Aim WiUoughby said prisoners in- dicated the Chinese, possibly under the command of Red General Lin Piao, were trying to drive the Al- lies back below the 38th 100 air miles south of the present northwest line. In the northeast, two Marine pi- lots reported American Seventh in- fantry division elements were re- treating south along the east side of Changjin reservoir. The fliers said the U. S, First Marine division's fifth regiment was fighting its way southward on the west side of the lake. Both columns were trying to break through to the road junction of Hagaru, seven miles south of the reservoir which is part of the hydro-electric power complex for North Korea. The Marines were cut off Thursday. A.P. Correspondent Tom Stone said the pilots predicted both the Marines and doughboys would reach Hagaru. The forces attacking the Marines and Seventh division were part of an estimated or more Chi- nese in the northeast sectors. Another Red force of undeter- mined size ?nd supported by armor was reported across the river at Kunu, 17 miles inland from the Yellow Sea. Be a Good Fellow Previously listed O and K 10.00 Bethany Friends 3.00 A Friend.............. 1.00 James Stubstad 5.00 Winona Boiler Company 10.00 Marie Ehrenbcrg, Toys. a call for the same number in October. The figure was raised to for November, but was dropped to for December and for January. One reason for the in calls, it was explained, was tnat the Korean war WES absorbing so much of officer strength that there was a shortage of officers to train men. Heavy Snow Clogs Roads in New York State Ine Associated Presz The cbilly ?..i'T wet weather tern (A late .member showel litf> uhauge Lc-Jay December wide parts of the country. Thers was some relief, how-3vsi-, in the Great Lakes region, was no heavy snow-onjy fta-ies winds diminished. Heavy snow fell in western and central New York state yesterday, ilpg- ging secondary roids and closing many rural schools. Temperatures moderated over the southeastern states and it look- s ed like the end of the coW snap for Florida, The nearly cold sp2ll caused more than damage to Florida crops, chiefly truck gardens. W.M.C.'sBid Low, Work To Start Soon Two Other Winona Firms Get Electrical, Plumbing Awards By Cordon The long-awaited construction of a new Lincoln school building was assured Thursday night with the awarding of contracts for the erec- tion of a 12-classroom school plant at a cost Of Contracts for the new installation were awarded to three Winona firms each of them low in the respective bidding for general con- struction, plumbing and heating work and electrical installation. The contract for general con- struction was awarded to W.M.C., Inc., whose net bid of was low among six general contractors bidding for the Job. Under Closest Competitor On the basis of base bids for construction, W. M.C. was slightly more than lower than its closest competitor, the Johnson Construction Company Winona, and there was spread be- tween the lowest and highest bid for this part of the project. Seven firms bid for the plumb- ing and heating installation with Frank O'Laughlin of Winona win- ning the contract on a net bid of O'Laughlin's base bid for plumb- ing and heating was about lower than the bid received from Grudem Brothers of.St. Paul. The Winona Electric Construction Company -was the only firm bid- ding for the electrical work and received the contract on its base bid of 50 Attend Bid Opening Nearly 50 persons, most of them representatives of the firms bid- ding for contracts, were present for last night's bid opening which preceded a special meeting of the nine-man school board. At last night's meeting, B. 0. Boyum of the architectural firm of Boyum, Schubert and Sorensen who drew up the plans and specifica- tions for the building, commented he was "very satisfied" with the bids. Almost unanimously, the board felt the same way about the bids received. Although the total for the con- tracts awarded last night was about higner than the ori- ginal estimate made by the board for the Lincoln school construc- tion, current world conditions had led some members to fear in re- cent months that the project might be stymied by rising costs and la- bor shortages: School Sorely Needed Board President John Borzy- skowski, at the" conclusion of the session last night declared, "I'm awfully happy to see that we're fi- nally started on the new building. It's something we've needed sorely for a long time and it's a real sat- isfaction to me to see that the new school is at last assured." Immediately after the board had voted to award the bid for general construction to W.M.C., Borzyskow- ski called a representative of the firm to learn when construction would get under way and was told that "we're ready to begin any- time." This, too, cheered board mem- bers who had expressed hopes that the new building might be ready for occupancy by January 1, 1952. Boyum had told the board that for a project such as this, a year is usually required for construc- tion. Discussed At last night's meeting, the board spent little time in discussing whether or not the bids received shoujd be accepted at the present time and devoted a major share of the session to determining wheth- er or not certain wbieh alternate bids had been pre- (Continued on Page 9, Column 4.) SCHOOL WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Snow to- night and Saturday. Somewhat warmer tonight with low tempera- fcire of 22 in city and 18 in coun- High Saturday 28. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maxi- mum, 24; minimum, 12; noon, 24; precipitation, trace snow; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Addition weather on page 15. ;