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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 1, 1948, Winona, Minnesota v--. VOLUME 48, NO. 243 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 1, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES Top U. S. Officials Absent As M me. Chi A On The Spot Is the Jury In the Garvln Brook court case now being tried in district court. Members of the jury journeyed to Stockton Tuesday to inspect the Stockton Roller Mills Company dam which has been blamed for flood damage to surrounding farm lands. R. R. Mademann is a defendant In the case and Judge Paul S. Carroll of Minneapolis is presiding. The Jury was equipped with notebooks for their tour of inspection, a procedure unusual in civil cases. Republican-Herald photo by Merritt Kelley The Alsops U. S. Budget Tied to Atom Bomb By Joseph and Stewart AIsop the real issue Is Just about life or death, the cur- rent row about next year's defense expenditures deserves serious atten- tion. Very briefly, the President be- gan the row by setting a billion limit on Army, Navy and Air, Force outlays in 1949. The limij, cut straight across the plans for Am- erican rearma- ment so urgently adopted last spring. And now the services are simultaneously squabbling about whether Air, 'iava! or ground force plans are to be Garvin Brook Jury Takes Trip to Dam By Bob Stevenson Alter two days of testimony, the jury in the Garvln brook case (Rollingstone creek) shrugged Into -winter coats and were driven to Stockton late Tuesday afternoon. At the Stockton Roller Mills Company dam, the Jury, equipped with notebooks, familiarized themselves with the exact workings of the dam, alleged to have been a factor In flooding of sur- Fog Covers Europe for Fifth Day roiAding farm lands. Recognizing as unusual procedure s. Jury tour of inspection on a civil case, Judge Paul .3. Carroll, Minne- apolis, warned members, "you sim- ply can't all be talking and com- paring and don't go off on is no longer sacrificed, and pleading with the White House for more money. If OIT rearmament plans are to be radically revised, moreover, there can be only one result. We shall fall to build the strength which Is needed for minimum national secur- ity. Meanwhile Secretary of De- fense James Forrestal, attempting to implement White House policy, has just issued a stringent secret order to the service chiefs, forbid- ding any discussion of the problem. THE EXPLOSIVE implications of this situation can be very easily demonstrated. Last spring, the Congress wisely reversed the Admin- istration, and authorized completion of the famous 70-group air program by 1952. There was nothing mystical about either the size of the 70-group pro- gram or the choice of 1952 as the date for its completion. On the contrary, the prospective 70-group air force will give the bare mini- mum of strength for an air offen- sive against the Soviet Union. And air strength should be created by 1952, because this Is the first year In which the American experts be- lieve the Soviets re ay perfect peoples' democratic atomic bomb. The President may of course lift the budget ceiling imposed on the services. Or the ceiling may be re- tained, while other defense cuts are made and the 70-group air program is left intact. The wind, however, has been setting in the other direc- tion. THE FIRST intention, In was not merely to abandon the 70- group program, but to cut back what Air Force has done already. Up to the enough air London The heaviest fog hi a generation blanketed western Europe for the fifth consecutive day today. Traffic hazards and accidents In a dozen mist-swathed countries in- creased hourly. Planes were ground- ed and bus, train and streetcar schedules disrupted. Southampton was an exception, however, The fog lifted and sunlight gleamed through the clouds. The skippers of the British liners Queen Elizabeth and Aquitanla seized the opportunity to leave the docks at which the ships had been stranded. The Queen Elizabeth slipped out on. the tide for New York 14 days behind schedule. Sixteen hundred passengers who had been aboard since November 20 lined the rails cheering and singing. The giant luxury liner first was delayed be- cause her crew refused to ship out while the American longshoremen's strike was on. Then the fog kept her berthed at Southampton. The Aquitania set sail for Halifax after a one-day delay. Elsewhere In Britain, the fog bung over cities and countryside. Condi- In the London area were des- cribed as chaotic. Members of Parliament bedded down in the House of Commons. Railroad sta- tions were Jammed with thousands of stranded travelers and commu- ters. A crew of London firemen ran in relays for a mile to guide their engine to a blaze in a bomb-dam- aged building. Three British railroad accidents your own." Doubles Warning The court stressed, the fact that none of the Jurors should stop in Stockton to conduct Ms own In- vestigation because "such an act would constitute a basis for a new save the nation's capital city. groups have been commissioned to bring our total to 58 or 59. The new groups have of course not bees (Continued -on Pasre 12, Column 5.) ALSOPS were set down to the fog. A total of four persons were killed and 45 injured In the accidents. The Berlin airlift still was ground- ed. The last American supply planes landed at Tempelhof airfield Mon- day afternoon. Only seven British planes have been able to get through to Gatow airport same time. Grenades Banned In Mayalan Club Koala Lumpnr Guests at the Selangar club, leading social center of the capital of the Federa- tion of Malaya, henceforth must leave their hand grenades outside.; Many of the planters and busi-1 ness men who make up the Selang- er club's membership have regularly Educators Appoint Minnesotan to Post Milwaukee Harry C. Sehmid, St. Paul, was named secretary- treasurer by the national associa- tion of state directors of vocational education, in convention here yes- terday. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Increasing cloudiness and warmer tonight. Thursday partly cloudy with- mild carried arms since communist-led temperature. Low tonight 25; high Thursday 36. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: trial." After doubling the warning Judge Carroll asked them to return at 10 a. m. Wednesday to resume trial. For a second day, Tuesday, the Winona district courtroom was filled with spectators. Seven Stockton complainants sought damages from the Stockton Roller Mills Company and R. R. Mademann, proprietor, for alleged losses foUowIng a storm, July 26, 1947. Garvin brook In- undated the land in the valley. The plaintiffs assert that Mademann did not open the gates of his dam to allow water release until too late to avoid destruction to their homes and property. The second day of the trial was marked with squabbles between th opposing attorneys. John R. Foley o Wabasha and Harold S. Streater o Sawyer Gurnee, Wiaona, are rep resenting'the plaintiffs and Tyrrell and Thompson, Winona, are coun sels for the defendant. Judge's Inquiry After waiting patiently for several minutes while attorneys conferred, the court broke the silence by in quiring, "Is the case all The China Girds For Defense Of Nanking By Harold K. Milks Nanking Two nationalist army groups were reported today j desperately trying to establish a new defense line to save this jit- tery capital .from advancing Chi- iang rvrnves 110 DEER HUNTING DEATHS Other Associated Fatalities Boost Toll to Over 200 least 110 persons In 21 states have been killed so far this season by gunfire .while hunting deer. Other fatalities in connection with the deer hunting ings, auto accidents and heart ail- the death toll to more than 200. The gunfire toll probably will surpass last year's, when 141 hunt- ers were fatally shot. In some states this year's hunting season has not ended or has not begun. A survey by The Associated Press showed Maine leading the list of reported gunfire casualties with 17. New York counted 16, Colorado 11, Michigan 10, Wisconsin 10, Idaho 9 and Oregon 7. The New York, Colorado and Idaho totals are rec- ord highs. In Texas, where an average of 28 deer hunters are killed each year, only three have been fatally shot this season. But the season began only last Friday and doesn't end until December 31. Texas ToU High The Texas toll in' the past has been among the highest. In Penn- sylvania, where the number of II- Madame Chiang Kai-shek, left, first lady of China, and Mrs. George C. Marshall, left, wife of the secretary of state, prepare to leave Washington National airport today after Madame Chiang's arrival in Washington by plane. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republi- can-Herald.) nese communists. Diplomats expect to hear from the within 24 safe for them. Despite government denials, it was.learned reliably such a warning is being prepared. These developments came as the government abruptly cut its air link with isolated Suchow from 20C miles northwest of Nanking and deployed its force for a battle to A new defense line was-reported under construction on the southern bank of the Huai river, athwart the approaches to the lower Yangtze valley and 100 miles northwest of Banking, Army Encircled The line Is anchored to Pengpu, on the i ail line midway between Hanking and Suchow, and is being manned by the bulk of some insurgency broke out In Malaya last June. Because there have been cases of "careless handling of weapons inside the the by-law on weapons recently was amended. Weapons in the future must be completely unloaded. Hand gren- ades or other explosive weapons may not be taken into the premises.! 37; 38; minimum 15; noon, precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises iomorrow at Additional weather on page 7. question brought laughter from spectators, attorneys and principals Frank Hill, plaintiff asking the most damages to a partially built home at the west 2nd of Stockton, testified at the close of Tuesday's proceedings. The witness said that the base- ment and most of the first floor wans had been completed. When asked by Mr. Stsasater to explain Jie result of the flood, he replied It was aU down, flattened. There was nothing there, it was washec away." Hill testified that his property had been worth before the storm and that he had lost 25( barrel? of gasoline, 600 sacks of cement, 15 gallons of fly spray umber, nails and other equipment He said that difference in the value of his real estate was Seeks Mrs. Rosa E. Roseneau, seeking testified as to the damage at her farm home on highway 14. She admitted .some damage from previous floods. She testified, how- ever, that when the dam gates were open, loss by flood was negligible. Neil Jore, LaCrescent, formerly of Stockton, testified as to the amount of rainfan on July 26 and said that he had noticed the rise of water In a creamery can standing in his farmyard. Two witnesses caned to the stand described conditions that night as Sad with every indication of a heavy storm piling up. They said It broke loose between 8 p. m, and p. m. Fred Luhmann, Stockton, former employe of Mademann, declared (Continued on Page 13, Column 2.) GARVIN BKOOK Those groups are the last major nationalist force standing between communist armies and Nanking. The government's 12th army group, of some troops, was reported still tightly encircled by seven red columns about 50 miles south of Suchow, in the Suhsien sector. Three other red columns were reported massed about 25 miles south of Suchow to block the south- ward movement of the Suchow gar- rison. The garrison, of some men, was Suchow in year to this year, the worst year was in 1931, when 72 game hunters died. The season opened Monday. It will close December 11 Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Washington, Oregon and Wisconsin have reported record high totals from ten to 21 recent hunter deaths The death toll is more than dou- bled by causes Incident For instance, in Washington'this year the 13 dead from various .caus- es included three shot when mistak- en for deer; three drowned; four dead of heart failure, two asphyxi- ated in automobiles, and one who was accidentally shot before he left iome. In Wisconsin this year, one .hunt- er was killed when became the ;arget of four or more other hunt- ers, all of whom mistook him for a deer. Another hunter killed two others when, he said, he "fired at woodpecker." Hunters There are at least licensed deer hunters in the nation. This is slightly below last year's >ut some states have shown large icreases. Among states with large numbers of licensed hunters are Pennsylva- nia, with Michigan York California Inflation, Insecurity, Inadequate Thrift U. S. Economy Flaws New Bunting, managing director of the" Na- Association of Manufacturers, said today the American economy lias three flaws that the people want Insecurity and Inadequate thrift. 1 Bunting, opening the keynote session of the NAM's 53rd annual congress of American industry, called for cooperation between Industry and government and between management and labor to solve the nation's economic problems. The three-day congress Is NAM's first national meeting since the Democratic victory in the Novem- >er elections. Virginia Wisconsin Texas Maine reported abandoning an attempt to rescue Washington Minnesota 000; Colorado Utah and Idaho in some Illi- nois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Ne- braska, Rhode Island, and Tennes- the trapped 12th army group, With the nationalist armies thus separated In three pockets and threatened with destruction by nu- merically superior red forces, Nan- king circles found little comfort in the preparations being undertaken along the Yangtze river itself. General Tan Gen-Po has set up a Nanking-Shanghai defense area command headquarters at Wushln, midway between the two cities. He has a total combat force of about troops. Urging "all groups and all oppos- ing forces to put teamwork first, with the public interest as the one paramount Bunting de- clared: "Capital and labor would be lost without each other. Capital is a primary factor in Increasing the volume and value of the workers' output. Only where there is strong incentive for each essential factor in production can the total product available for rewards be Increased." Value of Savings Bunting said that "today's thrift is Inadequate for the tremendous- ly expanded needs of the American people in the renewal and expan- sion of productive equipment and to start whole new industries." Savings, he asserted, can be "a substantial means of checking in- flationary pressures on prices." Bunting told industrialists and hunting Is not allowed, -businessmen from .all sections o But that doesn't always prevent the country that the NAM congres fatalities. In Connecticut this year a woman was killed when her hus- band took an illegal shot at a deer. Long Life Recipe Teddingion, England Re- cipe for long life, by sprightly Mrs. G. Turner, 100. Smoke plenty of cigarettes and play the wits nimble." 'Is dedicated to the belief that th common ground upon which al men stand is Immensely greater than any differences, any conflicts. Java Red Arrested Batavia, Java. The Indo- nesian news agency Antara reportec today the arrest of Amir Sjarifoed- din, Indonesian communist leader. Reuther Suggests Price Cut Instead Of Pay Increase Berkeley, Walter P. Reuther says his C.I.O. Unit- ed Auto Workers' union would prefer rollback in prices to a rise in pay. "I mean It when I say we don't care about dough but what It will the U.A.W. president said in a talk yester- day at the University of Cali- fornia. "What we are looking for is a wage .that will give us a 1944 standard of living. We don't care how we get a roll- back of prices or a wage in- crease. We would prefer a price rollback, however, because we believe lower would help everyone." Reuther Is attending the qnar- terly meeting of his union's ex- ecutive board in San Francisco. Winners In The 1348 National 4-H Food Preparation contest, staged in conjunction with the 49th annual International Livestock Exposition in Chicago, group around Executive Chef Henry Wagner as he Judges one of their exhibits. The winners are, left to right, Kuth Bert, 16, MIddletown, Md.; Dona Hendry, 16, Blackwell, Texas; Mae Meineo, 18, Marilyn Nelson, 17, Coteau, N. D., and Boris June Black, 15, Crossroads, N. M. Deer Take Runs Light In Wisconsin Madison, Wiscon- sin deer hunting season which clos- ed Sunday may be recorded as pro- ducing one of the lightest deer kills n. many years, the state conserva- tion department said today. William F. Grimmer, game man- agement head, based the observa- tion on reports from fleldraen. Fig- ures on tag sales and successful bags will not be known until later. Heavy, wet snow In the northern jart of the state and lack of snow n other deer hunting areas got the blame for the kill described as 'very light." The kill in the northeast counties was estimated Ho from one-half two-thirds of the 1947 bag, "It was the dullest season in many Leif Stelro, Trout Lake, lupervisor for the area, reported. Pressure during the closing weekend was "very Steiro said. Xallen Hanson, Ladysmith, north- west supervisor, estimated the kill n counties in his area as one-third of last year. He also noted, light weekend pressure. L. D. Jones, Black River Falls, central area supervisor, said the kUl was "down a little" compared with last year, although Wood and Eau Claire counties reported increas- ed buck taking. The region was without deer hunting snow for the first time In memory, he said. Mississippi river area deer counties described bags as "pretty j Mrs. Marshall Host to First Lady of China Increased Funds For Nation Shunned By Administration By John M, Hlghtowcr Washington VP) Madame Chiang Kai-shek, first lady of China, arrived today tc seek new American backing for .China's hard- pressed nationalist government. The Chinese first lady was met at the airport by Mrs. George C. j Marshall, wife of the secretary of j state. Ambassador Wellington Kon and other embassy officials also greet- ed her. Madame' Chiang arrived at 9 a. ra. (CST) from San Francisco aboard President Truman's former personal plane, the Sacred Cow. Top American administration of- ficials were missing. The State de- partment sent Walter Butterworth, chief of its office of far eastern af- fairs. Plans Uncertain Madame Chiang left immediately with Mis, Marshall for the Mar- shall home at nearby Leesburg, Va., without a word to reporters on her unofficial mission or any other sub- ject. She will be Mrs. Marshall's guest there for the time being. There was no immediate announcement of her plans. As she stepped from the plane, Madame Chiang was greeted first by Ambasador Koo and by Dr. H. H. Kung, former Chinese prime min- ister who is her brother-in-law. Then she was welcomed by Mrs. Marshall. They exchanged greet- ings and almost immediately drove away, accompanied by Stanley chief of protocol for the White House and State -'de- partment. Marshall now Is In Walter Reed hospital for a physical checkup. State department officials predict he will be away from his office at least several days. What effect this may have on Madame Chiang's plans was not immediately known. So far no time has been set for conferences with either Marshall or President Truman. While American officials un- doubtedly will show Madame Chiang every courtesy due the wife of a nation's leader, behind their sinning welcome they are not too happy about the visit. They expect Madame Chiang not only to appeal to government offi- cials for aid, but also to try to stir up greater popular Interest In the Chinese cause. Her mission comes at a time when Mr. Truman and Marshall appar- ently have concluded that any aid which would Involve this country deeply in the Chinese war is out of the question. Some new program of carefully limited help still seems probable. But whether it will be designed to furnish strong support to the Chiang regime still is uncertain. American authorities appear to have little confidence in his ability to make a comeback no matter what help he gets. Economic cooperation Adminis- trator Paul G. Hoffman meanwhile scheduled a flying inspection trip to China. He leaves Friday for Lon- don, then will proceed to Shanghai, arriving December 11. After his China conferences with EGA. Supervisor Roger D. Lapham, Hoffman plans to visit Korea and Japan. He is due to return home December120. Minnesotan Heads Attorney Group Houston J. A. A. Burn- qulst of Minnesota was elected president of the National Associa- tion of Attorneys General, ending its annual meeting here last night. Soviet Beer Cheaper radio flash- ed the glad news throughout Rus- sia: Beginning today the price of beer is reduced by 25 per cent. The bulletin didn't why or report the price of a mug, today or yesterday. SHOPPING LEFT BUY CHRISTMAS ;