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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 30, 1949, Winona, Minnesota FAIR TONIGHT, WEDNESDAY VOLUME 49, NO. 165 WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 30, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY VELVET VOICE OF RADIO ernes eals Infantrymen, Marching in close formation, swing along Phila- delphia's Broad street in the American Legion's big parade today. (AJP. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) The Alsops U. S. Policy In Europe Hard Hit By Stewart Alsop conclusion ap- peals reasonable to the traveller returned from a Journey of political observation around the world. This is that American foreign policy, both in Europe and in Asia, is now faced with failure. The danger is not apparent here, because Secre- tary of the Treasury John Synder and other administration advocates of business as usual are sitting on the crisis, like so many nervous hens hatching time bombs. Yet it Is important to try to understand what is happening. The first danger is in Europe. Unless bold counter-measures are taken, the British are now expect- ed to go bankrupt within the next six to 18 months. This means the end of Britain as a great power. And this means in turn the destruc- tion of the whole painfully built Western front of resistance to So- viet aggression. The British reaction to the threat of bankruptcy is already apparent. It is. first, to try to erect an au- tarchic economic system within the sterling bloc, insulated against the United States and the rest of the world. It is, second, to cut Bri- tish commitments abroad to the bone. And it is, third, to make barter deals with the Soviet union and the Soviet sphere. As final bankruptcy approaches, these reactions will be intensified. The attempt to insulate Britain from the United States will in it- self rupture the Anglo-British part- nership which is the strategic basis of American policy. With British economic and strategic commitments cut much further, the long arc of (Continued on Page 13, Column 1.) ALSOPS Uncle, Niece Wed In Rhode Island_ "Providence, E. Is- land law made it possible for an uncle and a niece from Brooklyn, N. V., to wed here last night. Kendel Rosenbloom. 55. a sales- man, and his sister's daughter, Mrs. Regina Pofstrong, 36. were married by Rabbi Morris G. Silk at Ahavath Sholom synagogue. They chose Rhode Island because, they said. the only state in the union which sanctions a marriage approved by levitical law. Both had spouses who died in Ger- man concentration camps'during the World War II. Mrs. Pofstrong was penniless. Rosenbloom had insufficient means to support her separately. The mar- riage was the only alternative. While Jewish law says that a nephew may not marry his aunt, it holds not only that an uncle may mary his niece but that, if the niece is in need, such a marriage is a good and worthy deed. Attack by Rooster Causes Woman's Death Ellwood City, peck byj a rooster caused the death today of Mrs Ella Francis, 69, of nearby Fris- co She was attacked by the fowl ten days ago. The infected wound on her leg was blamed for her death in Ellwood City hospital. 12-Hour Legion Parade Rolls in Philadelphia By Lee Linder Philadelphia A gay task force of gaudily-dressed American Legionnaires began a 12-hour pa- rade maneuver today to capture Philadelphia. Drums rolled, bugles blared. Strutting girls in pretty costumes twirled batons. Martial tunes filled the air. So did confetti and ticker the cheering applause of a million Philadelphians and visi- tors. The Quaker city surrendered hap-j pily to the Legion's! 31st annual convention parade. Hours- before the march began crowds gathered along the five-1 mile route, The sun shone brightly' in the cloudless sky. Area Big Corn Contest Cash Prizes Cash prizes totaling for the biggest and best ears of corn grown in the Winona area this season were announced today by The Repub- lican-Herald. The prizes are divided into two groups, one set for the best ear of corn and one set for the biggest ear of corn submitted during the con- test which closes at midnight November 5. There is only one prize in the biggest corn entry list. It is i which will be awarded to The Re- publican-Herald subscriber submit- ting the biggest ear of corn. If the person submitting the biggest ear is a nonsubscriber to The lican-Herald, the prize will be half .that amount or For the best ear of corn submitted there are three cash prizes: First, second, and third, 526, if the persons submitting these ears of corn are Republican-Herald sub-j scribers. Half these amounts will paid if the persons are nonsub-j scribers. j The best ear of corn shall be the] most perfect ear of high quality j corn judged by the standard corn 'judging rules of the agricultural departments of the Universities of Minnesota and Wisconsin. The biggest ear of com shall be the one having the greatest length, distance around the butt, and weighing the most. It must be good quality corn. Area Designated Under the rules announced today, the contest is open to every man, woman and child in Fillmore, Hous- ton, Olmsted, Wabasha and Winona counties in Minnesota, and Buffalo, Jackson, Pepin and Trempealeau counties in Wisconsin. The winning ears of corn must be grown in these counties. There is no limit on the number of ears any one person may submit Senate Economy Drive Beaten By Three Votes Question Put Over Until Congressional Elections in 1950 during the contest. If you send in First Color For the first time in the 94- year-old history of The Repub- lican-Herald, this newspaper to- day is using a color process in its printing. It will be found in the "Big Corn Contest" adver- tisement on page 7 and in- volved the printing of black over Yellow. Color, so far as we are concerned, is still in the ex- perimental stage but soon will be available to advertisers. Before the parade ends, about one ear and later find a bigger or midnight, more than persons better one, you may submit thai and some 160 drum and bugle corpsjtoo, and all others up to midnight will have filed past the reviewing 'November 5, the time the contest stand. I closes. Marchers from Minnesota wore) The judges of the contest, who Indian costumes, complete be after the contest feathered headdress. closes, will be corn authorities and Legionnaires boast there s no big-jmen ger parade anywhere else in the world. It snarled downtown traffic to a standstill. Day's Official Activity The parade is the sole official Legion activity on this second day of the convention. President Truman, the nation's No. 1 Legionnaire and a delegate- at-large from Missouri, came from the White House yesterday to key- note the opening sessions. He de- scribed his address as one that will (Continued on Page IS, Column 4.) LEGION in this field, To Be Displayed All corn received in the contest will be placed on display in The Republican-Herald lobby, and the name of the person submitting 'each entry will be published immediately in The Republican Herald. This method will be used to notify those entering corn that their entry reach- ed The Republican-Herald office.. At the close of the contest, The Republican-Herald will stage a brie) corn show at which the judging will (Continued on Page 15, Column 4.) CORN eminent troops they were sent to pick up had deserted to the rebels. Second Lieutenant Robert E. Farley, center. 25, from Selah, Wash., is helped from the Army helicopter at( Indio, Calif. The helicopter set down Jn rough terrain on the mountainside near Desert Hot Springs, Calif., yesterday and rescued him after his jet fighter plane crashed. Farley bailed out and suffered minor injuries. The two Army men are .unidentified. (AJP. Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald.) V By Edwin B. Haakinson Washington A Senate econ- omy drive which had built -up I steam for months appeared bogged j down at last today following final j Senate billions of dollars in appropria- tions. In the final voting yesterday on a defense money bill, ieconomy advocates actually showed a good-sized majority. Pushing an j amendment which would have re- iquired President Truman to cut I government expenses five to ten jper cent, they summoned a total of 49 votes against only 28 for the opposition. But that was not enough. It fell three .votes short of the two-thirds margin 'which Vice-President Bark- ley, the Senate's presiding officer, had ruled necessary. That appeared to put the whole economy question over until the 1950 congressional'campaigns, in which it is expected to be a major issue. The proposed rider would have required Mr. Truman to chop from two to four and a half billion dol- lars from the estimated 000 he asked Congress to authorize for government spending this fis- cal year, which started July 1. Its defeat marked a hard-won victory for Democratic Leader Lu- cas who must run for re-election next year in Illinois. It was a major setback for two southern Democrats, Senators Mc- Clelan of Arkansas and Byrd of Virginia, and two top Republican leaders, Senators Wherry of Ne- braska and Taft of Ohio. With the economy amendment out of the way the Senate quickly defeated an antioleomargarine ri- der sponsored by Senator Wiley (R- Wis.) and a last minute ,'send-it- back-to-committee economy move by Senator Douglas Then it sent the huge defense appropriation bill back to The Girl Gets Dog To Replace One Beaten to Death Indianapolis A blond- haired little crippled girl got a sandy-colored cocker spaniel yesterday by court order. Municipal Court Judge Alex M. Clark ordered the puppy for six year old Audrey Pearl Thompson to replace one bru- tally beaten by a caller at her home in southeast Indianapolis Sunday. The dog had to be de- stroyed by police. The judge also sentenced James Purdy, 32, to 60 days on the state farm and fined him for cruelty to animals. He was accused of beating Audrey's first pet so hard that1 .the dog's neck was broken. The little girl, who wears a brace on her left leg.-as a.result of polio, hugged her new pet tearfully. She named it Judy, II, in honor of her dead com- panion. Bolivia Invokes Draft in Move To Quell Revolt La Paz, for survival against a spreading right- ist revolution, the government to- day began a draft of all citizens. Reservists, 20 to 24, were called to the colors in La Paz-and orders House for action on Senate changes for mobilization have been issued! slashing nearly from to all men 19 to 50. They will be called upon to fight the revolt against the middle-of- the-road government which broke out in scattered sections Saturday and now controls all Bolivia's large cities except La Paz. Cochabamba Attacked Greatest government efforts so ar have been directed against Cochabamba, a city of south- east of La Paz, where the rebels are strongly entrenched. Air force planes bombed the the House-approved total. Major General Harry Vaughan scratched his head with one hand, held a cigar in the other as he pondered the answer to a question during interrogation by members of the Senate investigating com- mittee at Washington today. In his testimony he made a blanket denial of any wrong-doing in the help he gave firms doing business with the government. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Admits Firms He Aided Gave Campaign Cash President Unaware Of My Actions, He Tells Probers By Oliver W. De Wolf Washington General Sarry H, Vaughan acknowledged today that he coollected campaign money in 1946 from seme of the business men he helped in dealings with the government. He said he got or from Race Track Owner William Hells, who sought Vaughan's aid in 1948 in getting a permit for scarce building materials for the Tanforan (Calif) race track. And, Vaughan c-id, he "prob- ably" got from John Mara- ?on, .Washington man about town and one time employe of a Chica- go perfume company. Yaughan, the President's mili- tary aide, was In the witness chair of the Senate investigations sub- committee. Flatly and repeatedly, he denied that there was anything improper Czechs Condemn 6 To Death for Plot Against Communists By Richard Kastschke Czechoslovak government announced today it had crushed an anticommunist underground movement just as the group was preparing to begin an. armed revolution. The official press bureau linked the underground members with "a certain Western imperialistic pow- er" but did not .identify the West- ern power. Details of the purported plot were announced after a secret trial at which six persons were condemned to death, ten given life life impris- piling strategic materials. town yesterday for the third time, but reports said they did little dam- age. The raids terrorized the in- habitants, however, and indignation against the act seems to have add- ed new recruits to the rebellion. The planes, after dropping their bombs on Cochabamba, flew on to the garrison town of Camiri to pick up troops for an attack on Sucre. In a lightning reverse play, the planes themselves were seized at Camiri by the insurgents; the gov- may cause damage reductions, although the. 21, The biggest Senate slice in unds. The Senate also dii tary of Defense Johi from the onment and an unspecified number prison terms. Ten of House is i tried were acquitted. Truman Signs Wheat Aid Bill Washington President Tru- man has signed into law a bill de- In Warehouse Revolutionists Control The revolutionists, members of burned out of control early in an office and warehouse ing of Safeway Stores, Inc. the National Revolutionary party iafter it was discovered, the blaze are apparently still shooting flames high into the control of Santa Cruz, Potosi from tne center...... Sucre, all southeast of La Paz, !square building, reports yesterday said the garri-j FOUI. firpmpn were sons in the extreme north had alsojsmoke_ jone over to the rebels, which, it ;rue, spread the revolt countrywide. Labor unions, which normally 'igure prominently in unrest here, lave declared a policy of strict The warehouse, neutrality in .what they 'purely political" fight. call a I way stores, warehouse h early summer by "j v-. ICJ.O. warehousemen All political parties except the j distributors in a, wage dispute. Revolutionary Left (P.I.R.) havej interior fire walls in the 600-foot pledged support to President l'-'a-iiong bride structure were entirely merto Urriolagoitia. The P.I.H. the fire department said. a Marxist group which denies any connection with world communism. The present government was elected following a violent uprising against the M.N.R., then in con- trol, in 1945. It governs persons living in this landlocked country high in the Andes moun- tains. Oil Man's Death Termed Suicide Seven Oaks, England A coroner's inquest decided today that Hiram 42-year-old American oil man, committed sui- cide by cutting his throat with a penknife. Norcross was found dead in a ditch last Friday between Hever and Edenbridge, Kent, where he ived with bis wife and two small daughters. He was a research chemist and lad been vice-president of the Shell Development Corporation since 1942. won't be announcement termed especially to aid wheat itil of the group spies and in western Kansas, eastern cut was an i Air and said they were tried on charges of high treason and spying on behalf of the Western and some other states where wheat plantings have in which they had been in in recent years. reeled wheat provision is included nson to cut totals Watched The government claimed its a bill dealing also with cotton ind Air had played a peanuts. dered a with the alleged of Agriculture Brannan inds for waited until they were all set the 1950 wheat acreage goal begin the revolution before moving in to nab just under acres. This of those sentenced to with some Josef Charvat, identified planted to the grain this year as chief of security new law says the acreage 16 during the first republic. The government said the of wheat for the 1950 crop of the planned putsch any farm shall not be less than Jaroslav Borkovec, larger A fire which of 1 early today the brother of a former chief of the Prague police's criminal investigation section. His brother was ousted when the communists took over the government in Fifty per cent of (A) The acreage on the farm seeded for the production of wheat in 1949, and (B) Any other acreage seeded for the production of wheat in 1948 s, Inc. three hours ed, the blaze high into the of the J Informed sources said those sentenced included army and police personnel, as well as civilians. Lengthy was fallowed and from which no crop was harvested in the calendar year 1949, or 2. Fifty per cent of (A) The acre- trial of the group was on the farm seeded for the overcome to have lasted several weeks fa the Prague state court. The of wheat in 1948, and (B) Any other acreage seeded for lit ten years npletely filled ivery to said many of the accused pleaded guilty. A "large group" of production of wheat in 1947 which was fallowed and from which no crop was harvested in the cal- ion from said to have been involved year 1948. blocked abortive figures would be the farm- ie strike of against of the attempted coup was not base and his cut below this would be equivalent to the reduc- wage dispute. ji the spokesman at the American embassy said "We don't know in the national acreage allotment below average plantings dur- were about this. It is just as the past ten years, or seven Dartment to us as to everybody cent. Detectives Posing as Fishermen Reel in Suspected Safe-Crackers Milwaukee Nine Mil- waukee detectives posed as fishermen yesterday and reel- ed in a suspected gang of safe- crackers at Pewaukee lake. Three men, all Milwaukeeans. were caught in the .police net. Detective Captain Adolph Kraemer, who led the masquer- ading officers, said the arrests were made on an Iron Moun- tain Mich., warrant. -The trio was being questioned today about recent safe robberies in Milwaukee and Waukesha coun- ties and a lumber company burglary at Chippewa Falls May 1, he added. The detectives, dressed and equipped as anglers but carry- ing rods with triggers, mov- ed in on a cottage where the three were known to be stay- ing. They entered with drawn guns but found only one man, sleeping. His companions, he said, were out on the lake. The pseudo fishermen took to boats and, again with their guns in readiness, interrupted the ac- .tual fishermen. Kraemer said the three were C. R. Peszlewicz, 37, alias Richard C. Tessler, who has a record of 23 arrests for bur- glary, larceny and miscellane- ous offenses; Bernard H. Paz- ewski, 24, alias John Madjik, and Raymond Hensen, 34, who has 'a record of 22 arrests' for various offenses. Robert Van Beek, also of Mil- waukee, arrested last Thursday at Iron Mountain when police interrupted three men during a burglary at a garage there, also is a member of the gang, said Kraemer. The other two men, who fled while Van Beek was being captured, were Pes- zlewicz and Pazewski, he stat- ed. Yesterday's arrests followed a week of patient waiting- at the rented cottage. When the three men appeared there ear- ly yesterday the officers don- ned the fishing suits. Testimony Studied Washington The Sen-; ate committee investigating: ac- tivities of "five percenters" in Washington has sent official transcripts of its hearings to the Justice department and In- ternal Revenue bureau for study on possible law violations. It recommended a look at the tes- timony of John Maragon. Committee members have ac- cused Maragon of perjury and failing to report all his income. They said Maragon reported making yearly for a pe- riod of five years but his bank records showed deposits. Chairman Hoey (D.-N. C.) said the committee was "not making any recommendations" to either agency, but merely providing them with the mate- rial "for such action as they wish to Senator Mundt (R.-S. D.) lastFriday publicly said a "clear cnt case of perjury" was involv- ed in the Maragon ease unless Maragon could clear this up in his testimony. Be also suggest- ed the possibility of income tax evasion. in anthing he did for any business that he fever received any fee, gift or favor hi return for his aid. Senator McCarthy (R.-WIs.) said at one point he felt that "Vaughan did not personally profit financial- ly" from his assistance to persons who have figured in the inquiry. But he demanded that Vaughan produce for the committee the james of all persons from whom he received money for campaign purposes, the exact amounts and lie disposition of the money. Campaign Contribution Vaughan testified after reading "rom a .lengthy statement, that he .bought the Maragon and Helis con- ;ributions had gone to the Missouri Democratic campaign. He was still being questioned about- this "when Chairman Hoey (D.-N.C.) ordered a recess until a.m. (C. S. T.) Wednesday. Vaughan will return to the witness chair then. Vaughan came in for rugged questioning from members of the Senate subcommittee looking into the question of whether there has been improper influence in letting of government contracts. Much of it revolved about his re- lations with John Maragon, the mysterious man-about-Washington who stood on his constitutional rights and refused to tell the com- mittee last week about his finan- cial affairs. An accountant had test- ified that Maragon banked during a five-year period in which had said his income was about Vaughan acknowledged he had been helpful to Maragon from time to time, but he swore he had nev- er authorized Maragon to "repre- or speak, for me or the White House." Under a fire of questions from Senator McCarthy Vaughan denied specifically that he ever told the State department ;.hat President Truman was "personally interested" In a trip Maragon pro- (Continned on Pape 15, Column 5.) VAUGHAN WEATHER FEDEEAli FORECASTS Winona and '.vicinity: Fair and copier tonight; ilow 52 in the city, 48 in the country. Fair and con- tinued cool Wednesday; high 74. LOCAL 1 WEATHER Official obserVations for the 24 hours ending afi 12 m, today: Maximum, 71; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at 'sun rises tomorrow at (Additional Weather on Page 11.) ;