Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 29, 1950, Winona, Minnesota
Partly Cloudy, Warmer Wednesday The Proof of FM Superiority Is in tne Listening VOLUME 50, NO. 164 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 29, 1950 SIXTEEN PAGES Truman Raps, Praises MacArthur Induction Sept. 1 4 I For 14 in County By Adolph Brcmer Winona county's first quota for the armed forces is 14 men. The 14 men. the first to be inducted since the start of the Korean war, are to report at Minneapolis for induction September 28. An order to send the men was received today by the Winona county draft board. Mrs. P. R. clerk to the board, said that there are new in the files 29 physically-eligible men who are classified 1-A. However, the 1-A classifications of some subject to revision. Those 29 eligibles are the residue1 of 45 men sent to Minneapolis for preinduction physical and mental' examinations late in July and early this month, Sixteen more were sent Sat- Conrad En Route To New Jersey Red Attacks On Korea Lines Port of Pusan Safe From Flanking Drive which no report has been 42 more will be sent The draft board is to meet within a few days to select the 14 for in- duction on September 23. Recruiting Business Meanwhile, the recruiting busi-j taking off early in the morn- ness is good. Last week the Army! ing jrom Winona. En route he and Air Force recruiting station! encountered some difficult fly- Winona's Max Conrad, who aims to visit his family in Europe in a light plane, was flying to Teterboro, N. J., to- day. He landed at 5 p. m. yestreday at Grand Rapids, Mich., after enlisted five men and women andj the Navy recruiting station including four from the La Crosse! vicinity. j In Washington a high govern-] ment spokesman unidentified has said that the recruiting services should revise its appeals from thei lieves that better combat menj would be secured if the appeals; were revised. I Recruiters in the field, how- ever, have quotas to meet and i prefer the sales talk that gets j recruits. There was another point to be considered. Since most of the re- cruits are in the draft age bracket through appears to little difference whether the young men are drafted or enlisted; they're still the same men. During World War II. for a time, all enlistments were closed. Top Age Group In Winona county, the draft ing conditions. At Grand Rapids he refueled his Piper Pacer and checked the radio equipment in "Thirty Three-Okay." On the side of that little airplane are some of the lines from his published song, "It's True." Its publication is fin- ancing his trip to see his wife and nine children at Vevey, Switzerland. After a short stay in New York city, Conrad is scheduled to start flying the stops of Lab- rador, Greenland, Iceland and Scotland. C.I.O. Expels 2 Red Unions process is rapidly working over the! Washington The C.I.O. ex- By Relman Morin Tokyo Allied troops beat back Red attacks in two wil'd bat- tles at opposite ends of the curving Korean warfront Tuesday. That apparently ended Commu- jnist chances of a quick end-run Pusan, the Reds' August 31 goal. But ttie North Koreans were building up at the center of the line for 'a major stab at United Nations forces. The bloodiest battle was on a hill at the southern anchor of the line. There American Ne- groes and South Koreans turned back a North Korean bayonet Icharge in hand-to-hand combat. One American machinegun nest was wiped out by Bed bayonets. At the other end of the bat- tlefront a Red force whipped behind Allied troops and cut a road three miles southwest of Pohang at the east coast an- chor. The Pohang sector still was con- trolled by United Nations troops. The attacking Red troops there were pushed back around re- captured Kigye, nine miles north- west of Pohang. Near the center of the line an- other Red force attack- ed Souii Korean infantrymen IS miles north of Taegu. the rail hub. I Ta_egu and Pusan, principal j m m Republicans Seize 'Gag on MacArthur As Campaign Issue By Jack Bell I hoisted es a congressional campaign issue today what they called a presidential "gag" order against General 'Douglas Mac Arthur's views on Formosa. Accepting this as inevitable. Senator Lucas of Illinois, the Demo- icratic leader, told reporters that while he thinks MacArthur is doing wonderful job" as the Pacific military commander "it is my under- jstanding that the President is the! and makes the policies." While congressional reaction gen- erally followed party lines, some Democrats backed MacArthur and at least one Republican supported Formosa Policy i Data Dispatched To UN General President's Note Seen as Msans Of Easing Sting I By Edward E. Bomar Tni- jman today sent General Douglas Dark Arrows show where North Koreans are exerting pressure against Allied units (open arrows) in South Korea. Reds (1) knifed behind lines to set up a roadblock on the highway southwest of Pohang. In this area South Koreans retook Kigye, Communists (2) pushed 'defenders back four miles south of Uihung to a point IS miles from Taegu. In the Waegwan area, Reds stopped Allies Mr. Truman. The President canceled a Mac- Arthur message to a Chicago vet- erans meeting obviously be- the general's could be interpreted as calling for perma- nent American defense of the Is- land, now in the hands of the Chi- nese Nationalists. Policy Conflict i This went beyond the adminis- tration policy to neutralize the is- Hand from Communist attack di ling the Korean fighting and to i leave its eventual disposition to in- Iternational action, probably through the Uniied Nations. The MacArthur statement, which had been widely distributed in ad- vance of its scheduled and then canceled reading at Chicago yes- terday, soon became public. In it, the general said that war is inevitable if Formosa falls into unfriendly hands. Ic was obvious that the White from putting patrols across the Naktpng river. The bridgehead at House viewed the incident with Hyonpung, underlined, is quiet. U. S. forces beat off two enemy j concern. Js'ewsmen attempts to cross the Naktong river near Changnyong. U. S. troops (4) regained lost ground near Hamam. South Korean Marines Gen. MacArthur U. N. seaport at the southeastern j landed near Kosong and are engaged in heavy- righting. (A.P. Wire- men in of 25. The men reporting lor; board today expelled the last two of 11 unions it marked'lor purge a year ago on charges of hewing to the Communist party ber will pick up the 22-year-olds, Mrs, Birdsall. Union, headed by Harry Bridges, As the process works toward the and the Marine Cooks and Stew- preinduction physical examinations tomorrow will cut down to about the middle of the 22-year-olds, and the preinduction calls in Septem- teen-agers, many of whom are al- ready enlisting, the board is finding fewer married men, who are auto- matically exempt. ards, headed by Hugh Bryson. Bridges' union was kicked out first by a 41 to two vote. The dis- senting votes came from J. W. Ro- Marriage, or other dependency, bertson, vice-president of Bridges' Is the commonest form of anci Brvson merit at many others: lege thpre i Next Bryson s union was ousted, (41 to 1, with Bryson casting Those actually in school or col-ioniy opposition vote, ge can obtain a 1-A postponement -_., Anniversary of Crash j-in the southeast. Pusan Safe An official spokesman safS the Communists had lost all chance of seizing Pusan in a quick end- run thrust. American troops approached the main area of battle around Po- hang. But they had not gone into the battle. S. artillery ringed the airfield six miles southeast of I Pohang and supported hard press- ed South Koreans. The Pohang sector battle i was developing; into a see-saw action. While one force of Reds was pushing southward anoth- er was forced back by the South Korean Capitol division. It moved north more than a mile and retook Kigye. Klg-ye itself is not important, but! around iti NWA Airliner Plunged Into Bluffs 2 Years Ago Bridges and n l f 1 rt -DIIUKCS M11U -DlVSUli L.UU1U 2-A classification (upper exKecutive action of class, scholastically if they arejc IQ convention in Chicago No- Member 20. But it is highly unlike- Birdsall said. Letters certifying to that attendance must be presented, alter the student :s actually at- tending the classes, she added. to of its supplies through Fo- port. A U. s. Eighth Army commu- could appeal nique said the Heds controlled the hills around Kigye and had block-, ed one highway southwest of Fo-i hang. A spokesman for General Mac-1 Arthur warned that the east coast! The convention last year author-jarea sti11 offers the possibility for that the convention would upset Today was a quiet day In the newsroom of the Republi- can-Herald. Korean war news clicked off the teletypes bringing; the top news stories of the day, while locally city boards were meet- ing in routine sessions, the us- ual parking- deposits were for- feited in municipal court and the skies were clearing after a two-day spell of rain and murk. Not so two years ago today. August 29, 1948 the day a Minneapolis-b o u n d North- west airliner faltered over the Wisconsin bluffs and ground it- self into the rocky ridge mid- way between here and Foun- tain City. sequence on U. S. policy toward Formosa. A top White House official who asked that he not be named said the affair would at least prevent any recurrence of such public air- ings of divergent views. Effect Uncertain What effect the incident would have on (A) This country's' pres- tige abroad and (B) MacArthur's future remained to be seen. So far as MacArthur is concern- led, the White House said Mr. Tru- man considers the matter closed. 'MacArthur remained silent. Paralleling the reaction In Washington, newspapers across the nation differed sharply. Some criticized the President for what they called a gag on the general. Others said Mac- Arthur had interfered with for- eign policy. The text of the general's state- ment was widely printed, although MacArthur's Political Prospects Dim MacArthur a statement of Ameri- can policy on Formosa, and a commendation of the general's di- rection of the Korean campaign. Mr. Truman's move, following up jhis weekend order for MacArthur to withdraw a statement on For- mosa, appeared to have a two-fold purpose although there was no offi- cial comment. 1. To clarify MacArthur's own understanding of the whole situa- tion and give him an implied re- jmlnder not to get out of step again. 2. To ease the sting of the inci- dent to the general and also help maintain MacArthur's prestige in j the Far East. j I Presidential Secretary Charles O. Boss gave out Mr. Truman's mes- sage without comment and refused to answer questions us to why Mr. Truman sent it, (In effect, the policy pledged U. efforts toward maintaining tha status QUO In the conflict between China's Nationalists and Commu- nists. The U. 3. Navy was ordered to prevent any attack on the island of Text of Letter The text of Mr. Truman's letter: "I am sending you lor your in- formation the text of a letter which I sent to Ambassador Austin dated August 27. I am sure that when ivou examine this letter, and the letter which Ambassador Austin 'addressed to Trygve Lie on August and belonging to opposing par- ties, have become an issue In the congressional political campaign. It isn't the first time the names of General Douglas MacArthur and Secretary of Defense Louis Johnson have figured in political news. MacArthur is the focal point of the growing congressional 'you will understand why my action lof the 28th in directing the with- jdrawal of your message to the Vet- ierans of Foreign Wars was neces- jsary "General Collins and Admiral Sherman have given roe a compre- hensive report of their conversa- tions with you and of their visit to the United Nations forces now fighting under your command in Korea, Their reports were most This was in the late after- jsome newspapers omitted its con-j wrangie over President Tru- isatjsfactory ana highly gratifying mrt Rv rlnck- hiillMin Ipnt.c ontirnlv i _ ,7 o j D Mrs. said there are no such classifica- ized the removal of all leaders major breach in the United Na- unions found to be following munist policy. lions in Winona county at present. or other deper.den- c> North Mankato veteran who served a Voting OH School year in the armed forces before: June, 1048. i Xorth Mankato, 4 D Mien lters in tne North Mankato school objector. in olds or National Guard. ;to a new junior high school. State selective service headquar- ters acts on ail ID applications. and or physical Miners to Ignore No-Strike Pledge Washington John L. Lew- wall, which 40.000 to Reds have been probing for a soft spot for days. The Reds kept pressure on 'adja-L F r iPreilten'- Wil. cent sectors west of the east coast J advlsed A'1'Jj- wii- Tbe Eighth Army Green today that coal (reported an attack on the South I miners won't be bound by any A.- Korean Sixth division by units of JF.L.-inspired no-strike pledge. South Korean Eighth! has not asked division attacked to straighten itsilabor groups to fol'ego stnkes dur' At an election Monday, a wa" hit bv ito consolidate five rural who have their 20th birthday. was defeated. The proposal i.ii'1-iori 1.1 NnrtV, MtvnL-nm hut was ana in North Mankato but was; !defeated in the rural areas. after some earlier losses. jin? the Korean fighting and de- Central Front Bombed ifense-building period ahead, but The big Red buildup on the cen- Green and some top C.I.O. officers iiave indicated that such a pledge would be given if it was asked. The United Mine Workers made public a sarcastically worded memorandum from Lewis to; Green. j Lewis said the newspapers re- ply centers to try to weaken them, (ported Green "as plodding about _. _. and west of Taegu, may shift their [forces either to the east or south. B-29 bombers plastered Red sup- From the southern front A.P. Correspondent Stan Swinton re- ported the U. S. 24th Negro regiment and South Koreans fought a bloody, close-quarter battle against a battalion of bayonet wielding Reds on a So- oufc battlefield. Swinton said the Beds made two ,'the country seeking someone to whom you can give a 'no strike pledge'. Lewis commented: "Restrict your pledges to your own outfit. We do our own no striking." He also told Green: "I am sure that you will par- unsuccessful attacks before me when I suggest that the prising the TJ. s. Negroes and'mine workers are not yet ready South Koreans with a bayonet at-ifor 5'ou to sel1 them down the tack. Iriver." A wild battle ensued. The Reds The mine workers are now an Americans and South Koreans independent union, but at various were so mixed that U. S. in the past have been affili- ing- weapons could not fire witn tne C-LO- A.F.L. j fear of hitting Allied troops .1 Lewis pulled them out of the Twelve G.I.s and South Koreans IA-F-L- in December, 1947. [were wounded by a Navy 'called for close'support. A portion of the force was cut off for four hours but reinforce- ments finally got .through. At noon. Tuesday the mountain top was safe Swinton reported. noon. By dusk, bulletin reports of Minnesota's greatest airline disaster had shocked the entire nation and newsmen from throughout the northwest had begun to arrive in Winona to write the story that was head- lined on page one of newspap- ers around the world. It doesn't seem like two years, does it? Lights burned throughout the night in the Fountain City civ- ic auditorium where the first of the 37 bodies removed from the wreckage were taken by hearse and ambulance to await identification. Lights also burn- ed late in homes throughout the Winona area as families sat silently near their radio sets to hear the latest reports from the crash scene. Until long: past midnight, too, the lights burned in The Re- publican-Herald office where last-minute crash stories were being- filed to meet deadlines across the nation and Wirepho- to installations were being: es- tablished to brinjr pictures of the tragedy wherever press association lines probed, That ivas two years ago to- day. tents entirely What was certain was that the! whole incident would be threshed] over at length in the doming po-j litical campaign this fall. I Republican reaction to the presi- dential order took several forms. Senator Morse tR.-Ore.) called for "a clear statement from the administration as to exactly what its program in the Pacific is going man's cancellation of a propos- ed statement by the general on the subject of Far East policy and Formosa. Johnson is in it, too. because it is his department that has differed With Secretary of State Dean Acheson's department on Far Eastern policy. MacArthur, who is 70, made one tentative excursion to the to be.' Senator Brewster of Maine, who; edge of the national political heads the Republican senatorial i scene two years ago, then turn- campaign committee, predicted to! ed his attention back .0 mii- a reporter that most Republicans! itary affairs and the >ar i-ast. will back MacArthur's contention On the other hand, Johnson is (hat Formosa must be kept out of a seasoned and astute veteran hostile hands as a key link on the of the political arena, island chain which the general said After 45 years of being strict- could form "an invincible defense ]y a soldier, MacArthur decid- ed to allow his name to be entered in the Republican pres- idential primaries in. 1948, a year of high hope for the G.O.P. It was a testing ground. The results convinced the general. He took no furth- er active or passive part in the campaign. Rockford-Milwaukee Air Service Set American Soldiers watch from a hill overlooking Waegwan on Korean front as their patrol flushes North Koreans from the rice paddies in the valley, in the group, left to right, are: Lieutenant Willis E. Honeycutt. Indianapolis, Ind.; Sergeant Clifford Phillips, Ragiand, Ala., and Corporal Walter Ceason, La Crosse, Wis. (A.P. Wirephoto from U. S. Army photo.) I Kansas Airlines, Incorporated, announced (today plans to inaugurate service over the Sioux City-Chicago and iRockford-MUwaukee portions of its 'new route 10S on September 26. For Winona and vicinity: FartlyjThat is five days earlier than ori- [cloudy tonight and Wednesday.jginally planned. jWarmer Wednesday. Low tonight Tne Civil Aeronautics board WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS 55, high Wednesday 75. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum. 66: minimum, 57; noon, 70; precipitation, 1.16; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at awarded the airline a certificate for the route August 1, to be effec- tive September 26. Senator McCarran jsaid he thinks every American io'jg-fit 10 know MacArthur's views. j "There is a man who is on the [ground and knows what be is talk- fine McCarran said. "He (has the confidence of the Ameri- jcan people and they should know his views fully." Such administration stalwarts as Chairman Connally iD.-Texas) of the foreign relations committee avoided comment on both the Mac- Arthur statement and the Presi- dent's suppression of it. One administration Demo- crat who didn't want to be named said he thought the President had only emphasiz- ed the MacArthur statement by banning it. A Republican who wanted to remain anony- mous took the President's side, saying that MacArthur spoke with only one theater ic mind the whole world. Canada to Act On Rail Strike Ottawa Canada's Farlia- jto me." The letters Mr. Truman enclosed were those officially stating Am- erican policy toward Formosa as communicated by Austin to Lie. the secretary general of the United Nations. Genera] J. Lawton Collins, Army j chief of staff, and Admiral Forrest iP. Sherman; chief of naval opers- jtlons, recently returned from a visit j to Tokyo and Korea. i Deep Concern American officials are watching with deep concern the reaction abroad to the conflict of views be- tween the President and MacAr- jthur oiuFormcsa. j They feared possible loss of con- jfidence in the sincerity of Amer- iican support of the United Nations, land even more so among the peo- ples of Asia where Communist pro- Ipagar.da is expected to exploit the incident to the full. There also was the question, which only foreign reaction can answer, whether MacArthur's value as the JNo. 1 American figure and military I leader in the Far East may be im- jpaired. In Asia, "face" ranks high in the 'motivations and reactions of the people. Would the Japanese, the South Koreans and the unfriendly Com- of Asia interpret the inci- dent to mean that MacArthur had been reprimanded by_his superior? ;if so. it might endanger the vast prestige that has built up around ment assembles today to act on the general. He might "lose face." government legislation intended to start the nation's trains again. There were indications the country's first general railway Senator Sparkman re-istrike might be over by the week- cently named to the U. S. United enci One week ago today non- Nations delegation, said he doesn't think MacArthur's views are far out of line with those held by Pres- ident Truman. Sparkman said he thinks the President's order to the fleet to Hedy Lamarr, with a single earring dangling-, attends a par- ty at Southampton, N. Y., with Intermediate stops will be'made at friends. Police plan to inter- defend Formosa the die" as far as this country is concerned and must be backed up by Amerl- ready have been can action to keep the island of fresn Iood operating rail workers struck for higher wages and shorter hours. Since then a like number of work- ers have been laid off hi industries Fire at Virginia Routs 4 Families Virginia, Minn. Four fami- lies were driven from their homes today by fire which damaged 2. brick veneer building housing four f, WiiUIW VUlJCti JJULOUUC iUUi dependent on rail .transport. business establishments and isolated areas in the dominion al- several sec0nd floor apartments. by short- chief Leonard Larson said falling in hostile hands. the lire started in the basement, Special legislation to end the i apparently from spontaneous corn- Waterloo and Dubuque, Iowa, and Rockford, 111., The Rockford-Mil- waukee service will be a shuttle op- eration, Miller said. U. S. to Expand Output of Tanks Washing-ton Representa- tive Vinson said today President Truman has approved an expanded tank production program, estimated to cost about Vinson, the chairman of the i strike was expected to be passed by tomorrow. Such action, observ- ers said, would permit resumption of rail transport by the end of the week. Strike leaders were prepared to yield to parliamentary action un- der certain conditions. "If a law is passed ordering the men to go back, they will obey view the actress about S250.000 j House armed services committee, worth of her jewels she has re- told reporters a special request for (A.P. Wire- i the money will be sent to Congress, ported missing, photo.) it but the won't like said Frank H. Hall and A. R. Mosher, rail union spokesmen. bustion. It spread to the second floor through a back stairway. Lar- son estimated the loss at The brick veneer building houses ihe White- Pastry shop, the Economy Clothing shop, Iver's barber shop and Cvek's paint store. Those driven from their homes were Mr. and Mrs. John Thomes, Mrs. Charles Malenfant, John So- derholm and Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Peterson. The Thomes and Peterson apartments were burned out. "If the law requires the resump-j Mrs. Thomes was credited with tion of negotiations, the unions the residents in time for but may not come until January, no doubt they added. them to flee.