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  • Location: Winona, Minnesota
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  • Years Available: 1947 - 1954
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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 29, 1947, Winona, Minnesota w BATHER (Ttnodr tonlrht and 141 Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations DAYS Klnro Pool C VOLUME 47. NO. 164 WINONA, MINNESOTA. FRIDAY EVENING, AUGUST 29. 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES German Industry at 1936 Pace Sought War Remote, Eisenhower Tells Legion Army Chief Strength to Impress Possible Aggressors By Allan Fisher New York General of the Army Dwlght D. Elsenhower, army chlrf of staff, told American Lo- gionnalrrs today he juiw no Im- mediate threat of a global war but added that United States armed forces should be strong enough to milk'1 an aggressor realize war would "likely be fought over his territory-" The wartime lender of Allied said that "No great nation today In position deliberately to provoke n long and exhausting con- flirt with any hope of gain." Eisenhower spoke to mussed thousands of l-rgloiinalrc.i at the vco.nd session of their 20th annual ronventlon In the "1st regiment Nimltx, Spiiatz Talk Two others of the nation's top military men. Fleet Admiral Chcs- :rr W. Nlmltz and General Carl A. Spaau, commanding general of the army ixtr force, also were speakers. Nlmltz a.vked the Legion to net us a sentinel to sec that no one 'Spick and New York One drum and hujtle cortw which attracted at the American Le- gion convention herr Thuntduy WM an outfit from the Spam pmt Nn. 570. nf Auntln, Minn. The w.xt composed en- tirely of former nervlcewomen of World War II. branch of the armed forces Is per- mitted to dechnc to tho point where it. cannot curry out Its share of rr.ipon.iibiIIty for national security. "Trre creation last month of a unified defense establishment Is an important step towards the attain- ment of tho proper combination of military and civilian strength with rlrarly defined (Continued on 3, Column 4) LEGION 6Tame9 Atomic Bomb Developed for Research Los Alamos, N. M. The development of a "tame" .atomic bomb for research into ways to get useful power from nuclear fission was announced today by the Atomic Energy commission. Instead of a devastating blast, the toned-down bomb produces a steady output of fast neutrons, needed for experi- ments to determine what kind of chain reaction is best for practical power purposes. It Is a new type of chain reaction plant or "pile" utilizing high energy neutrons for atomic fission of plutonium. The commission's announcement described it as In a sense "a. con- trolled version of the atomic bomb itself." Dr. Norris E. Bradbury, director of the commission's Los Alamos scientific laboratory, said tho new unit has been in successful operation at low power since November, 1946. Declaring the reactor gives a more intense source of "fast neutrons" than physicists heretofore have been able to ob- tain, except during the brief time of the test of the first A-bomb in New Mexico in July, 1945, Bradbury said: "It Is hoped that such a source will make possible the study of fast neutron chain reactions in more detail, and thus be another step toward finding the best type of chain reactor for the production of useful power. The Atomic Energy commission's release on the subject said: "It Is the first (pile) to employ the fission of the man- made element plutonium, instead of normal uranium and it is the first to use fast neutrons. Other chain reactors at other atomic energy commission installations utilize slow neutrons." Fast neutrons are produced in the explosion of an atomic bomb, but physicists had only a limited opportunity to study these high-speed nuclear bullets during the New Mexico bomb explosion. In other chain reacting piles employing uranium, the neu- trons produced by the "splitting" of atoms are slowed down before they themselves cause the splitting of other atoms to maintain the chain. The deliberate slowing gives the neutrons a better chance to stick in the .nucleus of a uranium atom. It is accomplished by mixing some other as graphite or the nuclear "hael. But the Los Alamos reactor uses no such diluting material, and thus shares with the atomic bomb the property of using the neutrons from fission almost as soon as they are emitted. Operators can control the rate of energy release of the reactor, the heart of which is a small vessel containing an amount of nuclear explosive plutonium sufficient to start a chain reaction. The heat produced in the core of the reactor is no greater than that given off by a kitchen oven. But, while the over-all energy release is comparatively small, the concentration is intense. A "very large quantity" of neutrons and other radiations are produced during operation of the reactor, and a thick shielding wall of concrete and steel has been provided to prevent the escape of radiations. Original design, testing and construction of the reactor were undertaken by a group working with Dr. Philip Morri- son, now of Cornell university, and the late Dr. Louis Slotin, who was fatally injured in a radiation accident while en- gaged in a different project at Los Alamos in May, 1946. Doctors Davis B. and Jane Hamilton Hall, a husband and wife team, are supervising operation of the new unit. Oil Tanks Blasted Prime Beef Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS For Wlnonn and vicinity: Con- siderable tonight and Saturday, somewhat warmer Satur- day. Low tonight CO; high Satur- day 78 to 80, Minnesota Variable cloudiness tonight with Bcallered nhowern or thundershower.n north and central portions Saturday. Fiilr north, part- ly cloudy of the Mueller Oil Company, gutted an abandoned warehouse and gave the city Its worst flru scare, s hurt. No one Hits At So. St. Paul South St. Paul, Minn. A new 1947 high price for prime beef animals was reached nt the South St. Paul market Thursday when two loads of steers from Walnut Grove, Minn., sold for a hundred- weight. The steers. sent to market by morrow KXTKNDED FORECASTS The (Ire and explosions, less than I Ivan Carlson, averaged pounds. The new 1047 top was 25 cents below St. Paul per previous adjacent to the MUwau- railroad's right-of-way, start-! hundredweight over the Minncsom-Wl.scon.sln Tempera- tures will average about de- grees above normal north to around 10 degrees above south. Normal maximum 7.1 north to B5 south. Normal minimum 4M north, M .south. Cooler .Saturday. clinngn Sun- diiy. Warmer Monday and Tues- day. Cooler Wednesday. Precipita- tion will nvenige about one half inch, occurring nx rather frequent MuiHlay or! HX u Dun Dugun Transport Com- pany truck was being unloaded at the Mueller firm's pumphotise. Sportsmen for tho company today sulcl It was believed possible the fire st.uitoil with sparks from an electric motor In tin: pumphouse. The driver of the truck, Jack Carlson 54, Sioux Falls, succeeded In getting the tractor section of the big transport out of the way of the the stn- hlgh this year. restal takes the oath: Arthur M. Hill of Charleston, W. now chairman of the board of ;ho Atlantic Greyhound Coryora- ;lon, us chairman ol the National Security Resources board. Sidney W. Souers, a native o Dayton, Ohio, and retired rear ad miral, as executive secretary of thi national security council. He Js n 'ovmer director of central iritelli Igence agency and is now engagec In private business with firms ii Atlanta and St. Louis. Rear Admiral Roscoe H. Hlllen- koctter, n native of St. Louis, in, director of the central intelligence I agency. He occupies that position under the present setup of the arm- ed forces. Thomas J. Hargrave, president ol the Eastman Kodak Company, as. chairman of the munitions board. Major General Alfred M. Gruen- ther, a native of Platte Center, Neb., ,whose home Is now In Omaha, as director of the joint staff of the joint chiefs of staff. The White House said this appointment was made by the joint chiefs of staff nnd the President merely announc- ed it for them. nnd rr-r-1-ivlm: the ion. TK-MTKUATITRES with northern m "L LnL' Umc Ule wcrc larger amounts 'Krmrst, Uuntllng and Lawrence Me- landor, Mueller employes. Both men they were nearly knocked from Chinik-o...... Jjuluth....... :.-itl. Falls___ Kan.Mis City Mpls -St. Vork BS !H (i.'i 07 10.; Mill. 51 4-1 ret. ,28 .13 their feet. Firemen, aided by lato afternoon niln, kept three other tanks from exploding. Cousins, Given Head Start by Judge, Surrender York. young cous- ins have surrendered here a week after a Baltimore, judge gave them a head start on Pennsylvania police seeking to- arrest the pair on a charge of taking- airplane parts from the Hanover, airport. Judge Michael J. Manley permit- ted the H. Miller, 18, nnd George Miller, leave his courtroom 15 minutes ahead of police. Pin Balls Which Never Pay Off Declared Legal St. I'uul Pin ball machine's which return to the players only free replays are not in violation of cither the lottery or the gambling laws of the state, Attorney General J. A. A. Burnquist held today. In a legal opinion to Bruce J. Broady, St. Paul corporation coun- sel, the attorney general said that a reading of Minnesota's gambling statutes requires the conclusion that the legislature intended that a free replay shall not be deemed to be a thing of value within the mean- ng of the gambling laws. about early Independence fo Korea." The demand for a four-powe conference follows two unsucccss fill attempts to settle Korea's poll tlcal future through bilateral talk Copies of the note, signed b Under Secretary of State Robei Lovctt, were sent to Britain ani China. TJ. S. PropoHnN With It went a summitry of til United States proposals on Korea urging: 1. Early election In both tlv Soviet and United States li Korea to choose "wholly reprc tentative" provisional legislators fo each zone. Under the proposal voting would be by .secret, multl- mrty ballot on a basis of unlvcrsn suffrage. 2. The provisional y.onal Icgisla- ;ors then would choose representa- ;ives in numbers based upon the copulation in. the two zones with hcse choices to constitute a na- legislature to meet at Seoul o establish a provisional govcriiv nent. for a united Korea. 3. That government would meet n Korea with representatives of he United States, Russia, Britain .nd China to discuss what steps .re necessary to place Korean inde- icndence on a "linn, economic and lolltical foundation." 4. The United Nations would have power to supervise the elec- tions and the forming of a central government, along with the talks upon long-range Korean independ- Korean provisional gov- ence. 5. The ernment and the big four powers would agree upon a dale for with- drawal of all occupation forces. be B. The 7.onal legislature would be J cluc m It's Either Aid Europe or Fortify U. S., Dirksen Says By Alex II. Singleton Washington Chairmai Dirksen (R.-I1U of a special Hous investigating committee said toda- Congress must decide next yea between bolstering world freedom and abandoning Europe "to hus band our strength at home." Tha decision, he. said, will be made in terms of money. Dlrksen's group, made up o members of the appropriations and armed services committees, authorized by the House to study both military and economic con- ditions in Europe and lhi> Near and Middle East. It is one of sev- eral similar inquiries cither in Jrogress or contemplated. 'No Early Tn Interview which he speci- leld wns not to be made public until after his departure, tho Illi- nois lawmaker declared that it is jecoming dully more obvious that 1. "There appears to be small likelihood of nny early intimacy between Ilusslii and the Vnlteil States. 2. "Our efforts abrreul will at make strivntrc IwdfclloWN. 3. "Freedom nnd human dig- nity arc an indivisable fabric and (o forsake it abroad except for the most extraordinary cir- cumstance may be to lose it at liome. 4. "Collapse in Eurone is im- minent; a sharp recession at home could carry tlie whole world clown with it. 5. "The real responsibility before us at (he moment is moral. G. "ForeiRii policy will be determined not so much by words, but by a conscious, co- operative effort on the part of labor, industry, agriculture anil government to le.ave no stone unturned to keep the nation slronjr. serene and prosperous." Ingot Tons Set As Goal Man Gets Life for Killing Boy Chicago Bortnyak, ,1 twice-convicted sex offender was under sentence of life imprisonment today for the strangulation murder July 30 of three-year-old o hnrfv wax found Pawty to Be .ctaincQ in tne u. a. Bizonal Area in Western Reich to Double Production By Richard Ka-sisclike wosurm Gcrzuacy wfth an industrial capacity abouc equivalent to 1936 was envisaged today by the Ur.iwd States and eat Britain in a new Jevcl-of-ic- dustry plan providing for annual production of ingot tens. Under the plan, the U. S. and British zones, lo-relieve. the bur-den, on American nnd British taxpayers. would produce 15 per cent more ex- ports than the some areas did in years before Germany World War bring in a year. The new plan was a revision, of he four-power level -of -industry nd reparations agreement of March. 046. In announcing it. the C. fi- nd British military Jenernl Lucius D. Clay and Air Ihlef Marshal Sir Sholto crmed the low ceiling .set In greement "unrealistic." Tons of Steel Under the four-power plan, the ;CP! ceiling for aJl Germany was tons. Under the Britlsh- merlcan plan, the British and S. war zones alone would produce early double that. Disclosure of the plan followed y two days the close of a six-day onferencc of the U. S.. Britain id France in London during which, crman industry was discussed. Tn Dint conference, the French olccd objections to the plan based n their fears of .1 Germany with renewed power for warmaking. Be- fore the conference. Russia protest- ed that leaving her out of the tnlks violated the 1945 Potsdasi agreement. Xo Coiling- Set The Clay-Douglas announcement Bradley whose nude body was found under a porch near his home. A criminal court Jury returned the verdict of guilty wllh the llfe term penalty last night. Taft, Dewey Differ on Conscription Washington The question f compulsory military tralnng pu Sovcrnor Thomas E. Dcwcy of New 'ork and Senator Robert Taft o Ohio on opposite sides of a potcntla 9-18 campaign issue today. Although neither has announced penly for the Republican prcsl- entinl nomination, both have been oing through nil the customarj lotions but, until yesterday, with- ut a clear-cut difference of poll- cnl opinion. Then Dewey, in an address before ic American Legion convention at New York, declared that he is solidly behind the organization's and British zones, bus. it was re- ported reliably that this would be about tons a year. drive for ing. universal military Taft, taking a five-week Canadian vacation in advance of a scheduled western tour that will largely one mndc by Dewey earlier jthis summer, long has been a roe iof compulsory training In peace- (i.'iie. His office aides said today he still Is "vigorously and completely Thus, he snid, Congress must ecide the answer (o these