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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 28, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Saturday, Continued Warm Dial 3322 To Place Your Want Ad VOLUME 53, NO. 163 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, AUGUST 28, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES Marine 1st Lt. George H. O'Brien Jr., is greet- ed by his family as he arrived home in Big Spring, Tex., Thursday from San Francisco where he arrived with the first group of repatriated POWs to land in the U. S. Lt. O'Brien will receive the Congressional Medal of Honor from President Eisenhower for action against the Communists in Korea before, his capture. He held his son, Mike, 5 months old, in his right arm and daughter Terry Jo, 3 years old, in his left in this picture. Mrs. O'Brien, his wife who met him in San Francisco, and Mrs. O'Brien's mother, Mrs. J. _Y. Robb, right, stood beside him. (AP Wirepho'to, to The Republican-Herald) Ike Budget Cut Billion More By CHARLES F. BARRETT WASHINGTON I.TI Congressional leaders today hailed a new, downward curving Eisenhower administration budget as a step toward lower taxes and a clincher against raising the federal debt limit. The new budget scaled down by two billion dollars the estimates of just a few months ago on federal spending, the deficit and the na- tional debt for this fiscal year, ending next June 30. Secretary of the Treasury Hum- phrey, pleased as punch, said the picture is now brighter than the administration's "best expecta- tions." We have definitely turned the he told a news con- jference yesterday. Humphrey said: 1. Barring unexpected changes in the picture, it will not be neces- r _ _ __ sary to call Congress back into TODAY Wide Gulf For U. S., ,urope Reds Continued Brutality Right Up to Armistice 144 More U.S. Soldiers Released By Communists By STAN CARTER PANMUNJOM wi Returning American prisoners today accused the Communists of continuing bru- tality and torture right up to the behind closed doors where they could not be seen. Of 144 exuberant Americans freed from Red prison camps to- day, many were captured in the first few weeks of the war. Some said they had been beaten and tortured almost until the' truce July 27. The Communists also turned over 4 British, 2 South Africans and 250 South Korean prisoners. The South Africans sported six- inch beards. The Americans were laughing 2 Refugee Red Leaders Caught In California special session to raise the federal debt ceiling. That question was left M >UP in the air when the lawmakers By STEWART ALSOP lrecessed four weeks ago. WASHINGTON Somebody in j 2. The administration will pro- Europe recently suggested an idea i pose a balanced budget for the iuiuyc icv j o -_rtnnT. i next fiscal year, fnr a nohtical cartoon, me cartoon ior a puiHivdi 3. Chances have lessened that was to show President Eisenhower total reyenue and Secretary of State Dulles roar- j wiU be to reach that ing a''ing at breakneck speed in a prime goal of the administration, vehicle labelled, perhaps, "Amer-JBut officials are considering all nnllM I sorts of tax changes, including a Jean World Leadership. inatlonal sales tax. was to be nudging Eisenhower, Peak Past and saying nervously, "Don't look Tfle new budget showed the peak now but nobody's following us." j has passed in spending by the miii- iripa mav be a bit prema-itary forces. This year's cash out- The idea may oe a y ture. But it is perfectly easy to m.m foresee a situation, starting per- But foreign ajd and atomic energy haps with a French failure to rat- j spending will reach a new crest ifv the European Army pact, in! this year, with substantial reduc- which the United States wil. be go- scheduled next year. ing one way and ail its allies going The figures, revamped in the light of congressional appropria- the other. There is no one in hur- tne end of the Korean War ope who does not agree that the 1 and new administrative surveys: American-led Western coalition is i Total government spending of American ieu this year; receipts in a fnghtemngly shaky condition. Qf a And there is no one, including the j of and a national debt Administration's major represents-, at the end of the year of tives abroad, who (iocs not agree j 000.000. The legal debt limit is 275 that this is largely because Amer-1 billions. ican prestige and thus the Amer-1 Those figures compare with a ican capacity to lead, has fallen j May estimate b> Eisenhower that off disastrously in recent months, i spending would pass 74 billion and SAN FRANCISCO fugi- tive Communist leaders and three alleged satellites, charged with harboring them in a remote moun- tain hideout, were swept tip in a dramatic capture yesterday by FBI agents posing as campers. A fourth follower was picked up late last night, 100 miles away. All were jailed of them in grim Alcatraz prison in San Francisco Bay. Sixteen FBI agents in campers' blue jeans caught Robert George Thompson and Sidney Steinberg in a cabin feet up in the rugged Sierra Nevada, about 200 miles east of San Francisco. Their arrest climaxed a relent- less two-year manhunt. Thompson, one of the 11 top Communist leaders convicted in 1951 of violating the Smith Act, was rushed to Alcatraz. He disap- peared two years ago when or- dered to report to Federal Court in New York for commitment for a three-year prison term. He will serve that three years at another prison, the FBI said. Steinberg, indicted with 21 other "second string" Reds in 1951 on similar Smith Act charges, was jailed here on bail. He will" be arraigned for removal pro- ceedings to face trial in New York. Steinberg protested the bail was excessive. U. S. Commissioner Jos- eph Karesh replied "It isn't for a fugitive for such a long time, since 1951 The other three captured in the Sierra hideout were locked up in San Francisco County jail on 000 bail each. The FBI identified them as Carl Edwin Rasi, 40, a Minnesota Communist leader; Samuel I. Coleman, 42, of New York described as a veteran Red and leader in the Communist un- derground since 1951, and Mrs. Shirley Keith Kremen, 21, a re- ported leader of leftist activities in Los Angeles. and happy. They seemed to be the most jubilant group of prisoners to return so far in the 24 days of Operation Big Switch. The promised to re- turn 145 more Americans, 3 Turks, 2 Australians and 250 South Ko- reans Saturday. Released Friday's delivery brought the number of Americans returned to of the the Reds said they held. The Reds have sent back I a total of of the Allied POWs they listed.. Some Americans returned Fri- day told of an infamous North Ko- rean death march early in the war when a French nun was dragged through the streets of a town and shot. Pfc. Reuben K. Kimball Jr. of Baytown, said he watched the bitter spectacle. He said he saw the Reds kill 30 American prisoners, all but 13 of them wounded men. The co-pilot of a U. S. B29 shot down in November, 1950, said he was taken to Manchuria for six days with three other survivors for questioning. The flier, Capt. Billy B. Foshee, 28, of Bowling Green, Ky., said more than 200 Air Force officers' held at his prison camp No. 2, are now at the Red exchange grouping point of Kaesong, awaiting re- patriation. Saw Gen. Dean Another American, Cpl. Thomas Kappel, 21, Homestead, Pa., said he saw Maj. Gen. William F. Dean, captured U. S. 24th Division com- mander, at a prisoners' athletic meet in Pyoktong in November, 1952. There still was no indication when the Reds would free Dean, As the last of the day's prison- ers were being exchanged, the Joint Military Armistice Commis- sion met at Panmunjom, Washington Negro- Hangs in Baltimore BALTIMORE Glover, mumbling prayers while a black hood was slipped over his head, was led to the gallows early today and executed for the slaying of a Beltsville, Md., filling station at- tendant during an attempted hold- up. The 33-year-old Washington Ne- gro became the first man to hang! at Maryland penitentiary in four j Warning Messages the deficit would pass 5l-b billion, This has in fact been the sub-! and a July forecast that the deot ject of a series of warning mes- j would wind up two billion higher. to Washington from the most i House Speaker Joseph W. Martin successful Eisenhower appointees j (R-Mass) said the announcement abroad Ambassador to Great Bri- tain Winthrop Aldrich and Ambas- sador to France Douglas Dillon. "is good news for the American people. The determined effort to reduce expenses and -bring the These Aldrich-Dillon cables have budget into balance is bearing dealt particularly with the impact j fruit. A balanced budget means we of McCarthyism on American pres-1 can begin to look forward to a de- tipe. i crease in taxes and that will be a These cables have been taken so j stimulant to prosperity." seriously in Washington that the I Hopeful Situation effect of McCarthyism on Ameri- Rep. Cannon .senior Demo- can foreign policy is reliably re- I crat on the Appropriations Com- ported to have become a subject mittee, said "It is a very hopeful for official review by the highest [situation." He added the Tiew budg- American policy-making body, the let proves Humphrey was "utterly National Security Council. The sub- 1 mistaken" in his unsuccessful ef- iect is one which certainly de- fort in the closing days of Congress serves to be taken seriously in Washington Such episodes as the Cohn-Schine iunket and the book-burnins non- sense have made the United States look ridiculous, which is something no great power can afford to look, McCarthyism and its twin. Me- Leodism are reducing all but the bravest American foreign rcpre- sentatives to timid automatons to get the debt limit raised from 275 bmion to 290 billion. Sen. George senior Demo- crat on the Finance Committee, snid there is no need to raise the debt limit now or later. Despite what Humphrey called bis improvements, the new budget k'ft some king-sized headaches in the tax field. The figures assumed that individual income taxes would _ be cut 10 per cent on Jan. 1 and (Cont.nued on Pagel, Column 2) prQfits tax as scheduled ALSOPS Fur Theft Reported in Kenosha die the same date, under present laws. But the real problem is what io do about four-billion-dollar cuts I in corporation income taxes and i in some excise or sales taxes, now KENOSHA, Wis. The theft j sct automatically for April 1. 'of furs valued ;tt was re- 1 Humphrey estimated the end of ported today by two salesmen from the Korean War saved one billion New York. They said they dis- 1 dollars in the spending budget for covered this morning that their jthi-s year, but that would be station wagon, containing the furs, offset in part by such items as aid was gone. 'for South Korean reconstruction, The station wagon, minus the The other savings, he said, are furs and fur boxes, was found later j the combined result of congres- in an abandoned used car lot near i sional action on appropriations and the Racine County line. I economies by the administration. Two Unidentified FBI Agents talked with handcuffed Sydney Steinberg in the U. S. marshal's office in San Francisco Thursday night. Steinberg and Robert G. Thompson were arrested by the FBI when they located them in a Sierra Mountain hideout near So- nora, Calif. The FBI said Steinberg had been evading arrest in the Communist "underground" since June 20, 1951, when 21 Commu- nist party leaders were indicted in New York City for violation of the Smith Act. Thompson was one of the 11 Communist leaders convicted on Oct. 14, 1949, for violation of the Smith Act. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) 2 Badger GIs Convicted in Raid ASCHAFFENBURG, Germany (ffl U. S. Army sergeants were convicted today of cracking an American Express Company safe and stealing and marks Sgt, Lloyd E. Eidson, 29, of Ra- cine, Wis., was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment at hard labor as the leader in the theft here the night of Nov. 21, 1951, and the one who opened the safe. Sgt. Arthur F. Schneider, 21, of Milwaukee, convicted of helping Eidson and sharing in the loot, was I sentenced to six years'. I Both were dishonorably dis- I charged from the Army. I Both sergeants pleaded guilty. Army investigators said the way 1 the two executed the theft and I cracked the safe was so clever I that they avoided describing it in the trial to keep from tipping off I other potential safe-crackers. About of the loot was in 1 cash, U. S. Army script, and the I sergeants said they spent all this I before they were caught. Morse Unlikely To Win Major Committee Posts By JACK BELL WASHINGTON help the Republicans get from Sen, Morse (Ind-Ore) in retaining GOP control of the Senate appeared unlikely today to alter their opposition to giving him major committee as- signments. Morse, who quit the Republican party during last year's presiden- tial campaign, has announced he will vote with the Republicans on any test of Senate organization. Despite such prospective help, lieutenants said they are certain that Sen. Knowland of California, the GOP floor leader, will oppose giving Morse seats he once held on the Armed Services and Labor committees. The Republicans stripped Morse of these assign- ments after he bolted. Morse's vote could become de- cisive if Gov. Frank Lausche of Ohio, a Democrat, names a Dem- ocrat to succeed the late Sen. Taft That would give the Democrats a 48-47 advantage over the Republicans. Morse could make it 48-48, and Vice President Nixon could break the tie in favor of the GOP. Even with a one-vote margin, there is doubt that the Democrats would attempt to take over Senate control unless further deaths or resignations should give them a clear majority of 49. Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson of Tex- as, the Democratic leader, has in- dicated to friends he wants no part of a responsibility that would be secure only through the vote of a non-party member, in this case, Morse. Bargaining Holds Up Deal With Spain for Bases By CARL HARTMAN WASHINGTON bar- gaining between the United States and Generalissimo Franco's Spain appeared today to be still holding up full agreement after nearly 18 months of talks on obtaining use of Spanish bases in return for U.S. aid. Among the issues remaining, au- thoritative sources say, are control of Spanish base facilities and the way in which U. S. aid funds would be "used in strengthening them. Maj. Gen. August Kissner of the U. S. Air Force head of the nego- tiation mission to Madrid, is back in Washington this week reporting on progress. He has not been available to re- porters. Despite the secrecy prevailing since the start of negotiations, it has become known that arrange- ments tentatively agreed on follow these lines: Fireman Convicted Of Careless Driving MINNEAPOLIS LH A fire truck driver, James J. Ouellette, 37, today was convicted of care- less driving in connection with an accident July 18 in which Richard Rogney, Richfield, was kH'.pd when the fire truck hit his station wagon. Judge Tom Bergin sentenced Ou- ellette to 90 days in jail Motorist Killed Near Chippewa Falls CHIPPEWA FALLS W-Orland Prince, former owner of the Eag- leton telephone exchange, was killed early today when the car he was driving overturned on Highway 53, near here. Prince was employed by an Eau Claire electrical appliance firm. U.S. Plan Only Russia's Andrei Vishinsky, second from right at table, didn't raise his hand as members of the United Nations political committee rejected Soviet proposal that Korean peace conference comprise six belligerent countries and nine "neu- trals." Vote was 5-41, with 13 abstaining and India not voting. Voting to reject proposal are Ura- guay's Enrique Rodriguez Fabregat, left; Henry Cabot Lodge, U. S., second from left; Britain's Sir Gladwyn Jebb, center, and J. R. Jordaan, right. (AP Wirepboto) State Fair Set for Opening on Saturday ST. PAUL own "greatest show on the riety of exhibits and live displays claimed to be the greatest samp- State Fair, opens its gates Satur- ling of Minnesota's agricultural day for a hoped-for record attend- and manufactured products ever ance before they close Labor Day. A veritable army of workers swarmed over the grounds today putting finishing touches on a va- 2nd Marriage Of Wife of Freed ROW Annulled MITCHELL, S.D. tm Release Wednesday of a South Dakota sol- dier who had been a Communist prisoner in Korea led to disclosure that his young wife had remarried in the belief he was dead, but that the second marriage was later j a ex- assembled. Topping a king-size entertain- ment, program are eight days of auto racing, 10 horse shows, after- noon and evening vaudeville per- formances in front of the grand- stand, fireworks displays nightly and a carnival midway boasting the latest in foreign as well as domestic rides and shows. in Prizes The big business aspect of the nation's largest State Fair is best pointed up in the prize list for the educational exhibits and sports contests. Livestock producers and horse owners will split the bulk of the big coin. Top- amount, goes to horses with cattle men getting S32.000, the swine department 000 and poultry, The fairgrounds literally becomes Only Allies in Korean War to Represent U. N. Russia Will Sit With Red China, North Koreans annulled. j Mrs. Ralph W. Meier, 18, wife of Cpl. Ralph Meier, was married to Herald Kapsch, Mitchell, March 3, 1953. She had married Cpl. Mei- position's 10-day run. Some 4-H Club members will live in dormitories on the grounds. There is a full-fledged fire department on duty and the police force num- er, White Earth, Nov. 8. 1950, j bers about 20o. The hundreds of shortly before Meier entered the Army. Meier was captured Dec. 31. 1951. and released Wednesday, Kapsch testified at the annul- ment proceedings he understood that Meier was dead when he mar- ried the girl at Luverne, Minn. Mrs. Meier now lives with an uncle, Noel Pixley, in South Bend, Ind. eating places will have menus ranging from seven-course dinners to the traditional hamburgers and hotdogs. Undoubted mecca for the visitors from outstate will be Machinery Hill, where the latest in crop plow- ing, planting, harvesting and stor- ing equipment will be displayed over an 80-acre setting. Mrs, Avis Meier, of Mitchell, S. D., visiting relatives in South Bend, Ind., drank coffee and read newspaper accounts of her odd" marriage mixup. Mrs. Meier remarried, believing her husband, Cpl. Ralph Meier of Mitchell was dead. She had the second mar- riage annulled when it was learned the soldier vtas alive as a prisoner of war in Korea. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) By MAX HARRELSON UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. W The U. N. General Assembly today gave an overwhelming endorse- ment to an American-backed plan for the Korean peace conference despite vigorous Russian opposi- tion. The plan provides that only countries who fought under the U. N. banner should represent the world organization at the parley. The vote was 43-5, with 10 ab- staining. The Soviet bloc cast the negative vote, India did not partici- pate. India averted a certain defeat by withdrawing as a possible par- ticipant just before the voting be- gan. With United States backing, the Assembly recommended that Rus- sia could take part in the con- ference "provided the other side desires it." This means that, if Russia goes, she will have to sit on the Communist side with Red China and North Korea. South Korea will sit with the U. N. delegation. Work Concluded Today's action concluded ths work of the special Assembly meet- ing which opened two weeks ago to choice U. N. representatives at the peace conference. Soviet delegate Andrei Y. Vishin- sky, however, has given a veiled warning that the Communists may reject the Assembly's decisions and try to reopen the whole debate when the Assembly convenes its fall session Sept. 15. The Assembly directed the United States to arrange the time and place of the conference after consultation with both sides. The meeting must be held by Oct. 28, under terms of the armistice agreement. Geneva appears to have the edge as the most likely site. The announcement of India's withdrawal was made by V. K. Krishna Menon in a surprise move just after the Assembly opened its morning session. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair to- night and Saturday. Continued warm. Low tonight 72, high Sat- urday 92. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 96; minimum, 70; noon, 93; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 94 at p. m. Thursday, low 72 at a. m. to- day. Noon are clear with visibility of 10 miles. Tem- perature 90 degrees, wind from the south southeast at eight miles per hour. The barometer is at 29.90 dropping slowly and the humidity is 43 per cent. ;