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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 28, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Showers Tonight, Cloudy Tuesday The Proof of FM Superiority Is In the Listening VOLUME 50, NO. 163 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, AUGUST 28, 1950 SIXTEEN PAGES TODAY- U.S. Forces Spring Taegu Trap By Joseph Alsop Wilh U. S. forces in Korea: "We're pretty far forward. The) First battalion holds this side of) the valley up ahead. The Second battalion has the otiier side. The South Koreans more or less hold j the flanks. We pushed in here j easily, but the ends have been! building up since then. They have! three positions at least in the areaj now, and I expect a big attack to-j night." j This summary of the local situa-j tion was cheerfully offered by the i brilliant young commander of the I 27th Regiment, Colonel John Mi-j chaelis. It did not seem exactly j ideal. Yet these scenes appeared! singularly peaceful when this porter entered the valley of Charp-j yongdong a few minutes later, to become the guest of the 27th Reg- iment First Battalion for some days. I A lowering sun gilded the eastern slope of this temporary home of these few hundred men. who have seen much of bitter fighting hardly won much honor in the Ko-j rean war. In a clear rocky brook) among the green rice paddies andj cotton patches, half a dozen young! soldiers were luxuriously bathing. On the road, one company was lining up for supper, and the smell of good food hung in the clear bright air. Further on, beyond a solitary scar of charred, still smok- ing thatched huts, the valley opened,, upon a glow- ing prospect of distant hills and skies. It was hard to believe that No; Man's Land began just down thej road, or that the occasional snick-1 ing sound above the chow line was! really a rather inefficient to whom nobody paid much atten- tion. The battalion commander, Lieutenant Colonel G. J. Check, a short, wiry, business-like man whoj once worked for the agriculture I department and "just stuck" In the: Army after the war, welcomed his guest like a hospitable subur- ban householder, THIS PEACEABLE ILLUSION was broken soon enough, however, when the. meal ended and Colonel Check's young executive and op- erations officer. Captain Don Hick- man, set off to see to the disposi- tion for the night. The 81-millimet- rive B ac kAII re Army Takes Over U.S. Railroads Labor Dispute Still Unsettled; Schedules Normal Greeted By Members of his family on his arrival at the Winona airport late Sunday afternoon on the first leg of his overseas flight to a Piper Pacer was Transport Pilot Max A. Conrad of Minneapolis and Winona. Left to right are Mrs. John Holdorf, Eau Claire, a sister; Mrs. Elizabeth Conrad, 32S West Sanborn street, his mother; Conrad, and another sister, Mrs. Betty Jenkins, 328 West Sanborn street. Conrad left Winona this morning for the East coast from where he will take off on his projected flight to visit his wife and children in Switzerland, Republican-Herald photo o Conrad Flies Despite Fog, Now En route to New York Spends Sunday Night With Mother and Sisters Here i By Lefty Hymes ____o___. ___ Out of the white haze and mist er'mortars covered both the valleyjwhich hung over the Upper Mis- approach and the flanking moun-jsissippl valley late Sunday after- tains. Tanks squatted heavily by the roadside and the streambed, menancing the prospect with their guns. In nearby foxholes, rnen nursed 3.5 bazookas. And the po- sitions of the battalion's three rifle companies. Able. Baker and Char- lie, bristled along fringing hills. the valley's Over Baker company's command post persimmon grove overlooking No Man's Land, dusk was already falling and there was a sharp rat- tle of small arms fire from the South Koreans defending the moun- tain crest far above. "It sure sounds said one officer at length. "But it makes me mad when their tanks won't come up far enough. I like to get them with bazookas." Here was the heart of the mat- noon came a small blue plane. It circled overhead, and landed gracefully on the long- runway of the Winona Municipal airport. Transport Pilot Ma'x Conrad of Winona and Minneapolis had com- pleted the first, leg of his newest adventure a trip to his family at Geneva, Switzerland. 4 Ex-Federal Employes Reds, Pressman Says Washington Attorney Lee Pressman testified today that John Abt, Nathan Witt and Charles A crowd had waited in the rainKrsmer were fellow Communists all Sunday afternoon at the air-jwith him when all were New Deal ter. The whole been efficiently little valley transformed had into a, grim trap for the enemy armor port. Max was scheduled, to arrive at 4 p. m. but did not land until p.m. The spectators rushed through the gates and crowded around the small Piper cub. It's a pretty frail ship to fly an ocean, they said. In the crowd hurrying about the plane was Max's 72-year-old moth- er, Mrs. Elizabeth Conrad, two sisters, nieces and nephews, and many friends. They all gathered about the plane. Airport attendants held back many others. The fence early 30's. and infantry that had to comeiaround the ramp was crowded with this way to gain the main road the South Korean provisional capi-j Max Conrad was still Winona's tal. Taegu. In a few minutes, just as we reached the battalion com- mand post in a rocky gully, the The 44-year-old attorney, form- er lawyer in federal agencies and Civil War Threat Hovers Over Crete Athens Premier Sophocles By Norman Walker Washington The nation's railroads maintained on-time op- erations today under the Army's direction but the labor dis- pute which had threatened to halt the trains was still unsettled. The Army took over the rail sys- tem at 3 p.m. (C.S.T.) yesterday. This was on orders from Presi- dent Truman, who last Friday or- dered the railroad industry seized by the government to avert a na- tion-wide strike. A half hour after Mr. Truman ordered seizure, the two strike- i threatening unions called off their I walkout scheduled for today. The jlabor groups the Brotherhood Railroad Trainmen and Order (of Railway their members will stay on their (jobs for the government. Routine So the actual taking over of the railroads by the Army was a rath er perfunctory affair. No troops boarded locomotives or manned depots. About 50 uniformed' Army officers assumed a general sort of supervision under Karl R. Bendet- sen, assistant Army secretary. The presidents of seven major railroads were put in charge of rail operations in various sections of the nation with the rank of Ar- my colonels. About the only difference under seizure that the public could notice! was placards telling of Army ieration posted in major railroad I in Minnesota and Wisconsin over (stations. the weekend d Line Northern Front Of 120-Mile Defense Sags Port of Pohang Again Periled By Attackers 15 in Minnesota, Wisconsin By The Associated Press Fifteen persons died in accidents The strike dispute threat back of the union involved trainmen and conductors pay demands. Thay asked a 40-hour week and 31-cenfc hourly pay boost for yard service workers and wage boosts for work- Mrs. Bay 51, of Bran- don, S. D., and Chris De Grott, George. Iowa, were killed in a two- car collision near Luverne, Minn., Sunday. Mrs. Knudson was riding in a car with her husband. Mrs. De Grott, riding in the second car Venizelos personally intervened to-jers on moving trains, day to try to restore calm on the] White House Proposal iwith her husband, suffered a leg stormy islands of Crete, where The carriers accepted a White jinjury. Their daughter and son-in il war threatens over the abduc-jHouse proposal for a 23-cent in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Willard van tion of a 19-year-old beauty by her crease and week for yardJHorn, and their daughter Susan, lover. I service employes and a five-cent Venizelos suspended parts of for train service workers, constitution covering personal lib-plus a three-year no-strike pledge erties and assembly to prevent "in-'and a living cost adjustment ar- fraction of public order." B'Ji the unions reject- suit of an auto accident on high- man today signed the revjsed so- meanwhile, on ancient Mount negotiations are off for the defying warnings that they might itlmj being. But talks are expected revive the bloody fued that has to be resumed after a few days. later general counsel for i split their families for years. Probably the White House will She is Stassoula, raven-haired !seek initiate and aid renewed three, were shaken up. Mr. and Mrs. Roy Frederickson, both 47, Minneapolis, died as a re- By Retman Morin Tokyo Red Koreans back the right wing of the 120- mile long jagged Allied defenso line Monday night in southeast Ko- rea. U. S. pilots said the whole north- ern and west from the Naktong river to the east was aflame. The most severe fighting was be- fore Pohang on the Sea of Japan east coast, and 22 miles north of I Taegu near the Red-held villags of Uihung. Red infiltrators were seen be- South Korean lines north of Taegu. The Reds were two and one-half miles out of Pohang. A.P. Correspondent Hal Boyle st Pohang. 65 miles north of the main Allied port of Pusan, reported a U. S. cruiser and three destroyers joined land artillery in pounding the advancing Reds. But the North Koreans advanced in the teeth of the fire. The Reds won Pohang earlier this month in a surprisft attack. They lost it a few days later to counter-attacking Allied troops. The United Nations troops drove them nine miles north from whence they sprang back to the ___ offensive that has carried them to of the 11 tne Bates of the No. 2 east coast leaders and gave them 30 days tojP0" in South Korea, try to stay their jail terms. Correspondent Boyle reported The order w-as in a two-to-one u_- infantry, powerfully support- decision by the three-judge court. U. S. Attorney Irving H. Saypol said the ruling in effect gave the Red leaders a 30-day stay of their prison terms. During the time he said, the con- victed men may apply to the U. S, Supreme court for a further stay of sentence pending determination of their case before it. The court of appeals, at the same time, denied a petition by the Bed leaders for a rehearing of their appeal. "What Do You laughs six-month-old Lewis Dean Mc- Kellips as he waves a draft board questionnaire he received August 21 at his home in Coffeyville, Kan., from Montgomery County Board No. 47. The letter, obviously misdirected, bore a registration num- ber. It sought information on Lewis' dependency status and related data regarding his family connections. The baby is the son of Mr. and Mrs, Carl McKeUips. (A.P. Wirephoto.) Bail Revoked for 11 Red Leaders New Yark The U. S. court of appeals today revoked the bail Social Security Revision Signed Washington Tru- fraction of public order." B'Jt the unions reject- way 100 near St. Paul. Their car Cjaj security bill adding approxi- young couple remained h i d d e n, ]ed Plan and called the strike, failed to make a curve. persons to the old j son, tne driver, was reported to age pension rolls. have had a fainting spell. Tne ed by armor, moved into position to backstop the South Koreans try- ing to hold Pohang. U. S. Fifth Air Force pilot ob- servers reported heavy fighting from Waegwan, 12 miles northwest of Taegu, all the way to the east coast 45 airline miles. The pilots said the Red drive was going strong. The South Koreans fought stub- bornly. But they were forced back by superior numbers. The Reds had tin-own into the Sattle of the troops they have pressing against the front, which is anchored on the south coast west of Masan port, 27 airline miles west of Pusan, In a message urging the South Koreans to hold, Lieutenant Gen- eral Walton H. Walker, U. S. Eighth Army commander, said: "It is my belief the over-extend- ed enemy is making his last gasp. daughter Kathryn. 15, was bc a statement'later. House indicated there Tear him apart now so that our T j .i. i TT- is ui-aaauuiti., laveu-iituieu C.I.O., denied that Alger Hiss of a Hbera! membel. The government has made _____ ,_.... a member of the Communist cellJGreece's Parliament, George Pe-jil; clear that it won't try to makelmachine. seriously. Four other persons in the car escaped serious injury. All occupants were thrown from the road to victory will be that mucli while he was in it. tracogeorgi. He with ae unions, but that! Accidents took 11 lives in Wis Pressman gave the names to thelbrother of Manuel IS up to the carriers and unionsjconsin over the eight of House un-American activities com-lpopulist member of Parliament. settle their own argument be- them in two traffic crashes. mittee although he said it was The two have been secretly in'fore the seizure order can be lift-j Four died late Saturday when fensive for him to have to do so. love for some time, but because' He testified he gave up his own of the political split'between their j indicated over the Communist connection after oneltwo families, no one has tried that permit any railroad to handle its own finances, 'retaining all profits as usual, if the carrier will waive any claim for losses which might occur un- der seizure. year. Like Pressman, Abt was a law- arrange a marriage. Charles Lindbergh and Winona hadjyer in the Agricultural Adjustment turned out to wish him Godspeed administration who later held oth- Five State GU3rd on his latest and greatest adven-er government jobs and then be-! active in Henry Wallace's! UttlCerS Honored came enemv announced his intention tojture. test the trap. There was a loud In the crowd was Frank party campaign in 1948. j whistling sound and a tremendous who remembered when Max had! Witt also worked for the Little Falls, Minn. Five ci-ish 01 the flank above. Colonel llanded his first and later became an official of] Minnesota National Guard officers _. fljg National Labor Relations I were awarded board. j medals at the AgTi-j ceremonies their car was struck by a Soo Line freight train near Sheldon. Four others were killed when two auto- mobiles collided headon Sunday near Cbippewa Falls, only 30 miles away. The victims of the collision near (Continued on Paice 3, Column 4.) ACCIDENTS Check, sitting on a rock in a tan- very small the Biesanz glc of telephones, grunted which later became the "That's the mortar he said. "We ought to clobber' them tonipht." DARKNESS FELL. and crashing of the? incoming tar went on interminably. Sudden-jeredil. flying field. Hours That was a long time ago when Whistling i Max logged the first of the 27.000 hours he now has to his Aviation in Winona has the radio, astonishingly clearJsone a long ways since that day spoke insistently. "Able Charlie to back so many years that none Kramer's culture brought out. position in department Ar.in7.in5 Able. over. Able Charliejremember the year. Max was in on said: to Amazing Able over." It was.his early 20's then. He is 47 now. Charlie Company, two hours' time! "I am not going on tonight I up this mountain, reporting both'am staying here" was his first re-! that the telephone line was out and [mark as the crowd surged around i that there was noise of tanks at [the wings of his tiny plane try-' the end of the valley. Captain John.'inp to reach him to shake fare-] L. Beard, the liaison officer of the well. Eighth Field Artillery, called his- "Are you disappointed" he was: forward observers, got an estimate 'asked. of nine tanks and much enemy "I passed the disappointment pe-[ fantry. and then directed his in flying long he smil-j ward batteries of 105-millimeter Jed. "It was pretty soupy the last) howitzers onto the target. Our gunsjso miles." I commenced a slower whistling and j But Max has flown planes! Ci a raore distant booming. The bat- through the Hiawiatha valley injthur tie was joined. The names of Abt. Witt and Kramer went into the record after Representative Nixon (R.-Calif.l said he thought Pressman should be required to identify them. Nix- not troops medals i'or standby control of 106 meritorious service! Th A Desk Men Pilots Unhurt Camp Rjpley as part of I The men supervising lifter BailinQ Out Saturday in 6000irunnmS of ihe railroads are head- "llcl were Brigadier General ,Unaer him is Major General O, Bettenberg, St. Paul; Briga-jFrank Heueman, Army chief of ier General Fritz A. Peterson, Min- transportation, whose assistant is dier neapolis: Colonel William E. John- son, Duluth: Colonel Robert P. Mil- ler, Appleton, and Colonel Richard Cook. Redwood Falls. IBrigadier General Andrew F. Mc- Kaymondville, Mo. First Lieutenant Joseph Frey, 26-year- old jet fighter pilot of St. Paul, hours ending at noon Sunday bailed out of his plane during a thunderstorm near Raymondville The millions of additional workersisurer and quicker." will come under the old age bene- Earlier Monday General Walker fit. program and begin paying pay- expressed concern over optimism roll taxes next January 1. Persons shown by some frontline troops now retired will start getting officers. He warned against it ger checks a few weeks hence, in'before taking off on an air tour October. the Korean front. The new law also more than) Before the late Monday air and doubles payroll taxes over the reports were rece'ived the 20 years, to help pay for the largerJEighth Army in Korea and General benefits. The payroll taxes will in-'MacArthur's headquarters in To- crease from thisjkyo had reported the Red drive year to about in 1970. j contained. At the Pohang airstrip, six miles below the No. 2 South Korean east coast port. Correspondent Boyle said American officers were op- timistic about the possibility of stopping the Communist assault. Boyle's report tallied with Air Force information that one of the roads south of Kigye, mountain town nine miles northwest of Po- hang, had been brought under mortar fire. Kigye has changed hands several times in the fight- ._ __, .__ HER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Cloudy to- night and Tuesday, showers tonight iLittle change in temperature. Low tonight 60. high Tuesday 75. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 n -O ti' AlCtU ijluilu mvre, a Reserve officer on leave Sunday and landed unlnjured. (Continued on Page 13, Column .5.) Maximum. 89; minimum, 65; precipitation, trace. Official observations for the 24: ing. The A.P. correspondent said it RAILROADS With infinite incident, with end- less uncertainly, the fighting con- much worse weather than t h a by holding a Pacific island which prevailed Sunday evening. He could fly the Winona area blind- tinued all through the night. Atjfolded. one moment the South Koreans' Some of those gathered at the on the mountain crest called, forlairport recalled his heroic flying support, and our big mortars at the time of the" Armistice day spoke. At another, the forward ob-jhunting disaster in 1940 when servers reported a tentative enemy ithe ducks came and men died, advance. Colonel Check ordered! That morning of November 12. flares, and as our firing testified, JMax defied gale winds and driv the attackers hastily retired, peev-jing snow to point out to rescuers ishly blasting, away with their flat trajectory puns. Linesmen went out to repair broken communica- tions among the dark precipices. Runners came and went. The noise of fighting rose and fell. Yet not even the wisest was sure was happening- whether the artillery really had knocked out its target; whether the enemy U. S. Must Help Protect Formosa, MacArthur Says General MacAr-1 MacArthur said that the Presi-, an enemy salient in the very center today "we may have! dent's -June 27 order to carry out: of this defensive perimeter." this patrol "marked for the Farj potential would East the focal and turning point I3gain be ful] exploited as tte in this area's struggle for freedom. to breach and neutralize our It swept aside in one great monu- western Pacific defense system and mental stroke all of the hypocrisy :mount a war o{ conquest against and the sophistry which has con-itne free nations of the Pacific Frey was flying from Omaha Scott Air pilot, Second Thompson 26, of Cusseta, Ga., also ending at noon today. i appeared from the air that Com- jmunist shells were reaching to- Base in Illinois. Another! Maximum. 69. minimum, 63. noon, d th roule an :ond Lieutenant Bruce precipitation, .40; sun sets 26, of Cusseta, Ga., also ni8ht at sun rises tomorrow at route was slm bei night at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on pafje 14. (Continued on Page 3, Column 1.) CONRAD DI-..J. CSCapC Blast Truck Bethlehem, Pa, Three men really had turned back or werej creeping across the rice paddies; the South Koreans still really held the mountain crest on the exposed flank. In night fight- ing, an infantry battalion is like (Continued on Pase S, Column 6.) ALSOP night as a big trailer-truck loaded with dynamite collided with another truck and then caught fire. AU three leaped dear of the wreckage seconds before the gaso- line tank of the larger rying 600 cases of ploded. defense line Formosa but "if we lose it, war is inevitable." MacArthur gave great military to Formosa, last major of Chinese Nationalist forces, in a cabled message to the Veterans of Foreign Wars. fAjter the message had been cabled to Clyde A. Lewis, com- of the V.F.W. to oe read at the annual con- vention oj the group in Chicago, General MacArthur requested that it be withdrawn. Mr. Lewis the-.i announced it would not be reait. Because it had already beei published by a news maga- zine, before the withdrawal re- quest was received, this news- paper and most others are using it as sent in advance Saturday fused ana deluded so many people 'basin. distant Iran the actual scene." The commander in chief of the United Nations forces fighting in Korea described a "natural" de- fense line of islands in the Pacific. _ The general said he was voicing misconceptions currently being voiced concerning From this ine 'every Asiatic port from Vladivostock relationship of Formosa to our strategic potential in the Pacific." He said the last war shifted our strategic frontier "to embrace the The United States has no armed forces on Formosa, but the U. S, seventh fleet has been patrolling the Formosa Strait to prevent an often-threatened attack by Chinese Communists, MacArthur said Formosa, if heldj by the 'enemy, "could be compared 1 to an unsinkable aircraft earner I and submarine tender ideally lo- The general declared that should Formosa fall, It "would constitute attack from amphibious effort, force can be suc- control of the sea (Contintiel on Page 10, Column 5.) MACAKXHUR bailed out and was uninjured. The two were flying F-80 jet fighters. Clyde A. Lewis, second from right, corrunander-in-chjef of the V.F.W., reads a cablegram early today to newsmen, left, at Chicago, from General Douglas MacArthur, The cablegram read, "I regret to inform you-that I have been directed to withdraw my message to the national encampment of the Veterans of Foreign Wars." At right is the Rev. John B. Dame university presi- dent. CA.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Monday night by the Allies to feed supplies into Taegu, -45 miles to the west. The battle north of Taegu was being waged over a narrow front through the mountains. The North Koreans kept pres- sure on American held sectors of the long battle line. This was true particularly along the Naktong riv- er, which snakes north and south on the west of Taegu, and the Nam river west of Masan, south coast port 27 airline miles xvest of Pusan. The Reds tried to shove rein- Iforcements across both rivers but jmet disaster in each attempt. American artillery and planes caught the Reds and In one place cut down half of a small North (Korean force. B-29s Monday ranged far north and plastered an iron and steel plant at Songjin with 300 tons of bombs. Songjin is 180 miles north of the 38th parallel, which divides North and South Korea. A Navy operations summary re- ported carrier pilots smashed II new Russian-type Yak fighter planes on the ground at Yonpo. This was the largest single group of North Korean fighter craft dis- covered in many weeks in Korea Possibly more significant was the appearance of corvettes, tank- ers and freighters in North Korean ports. Apparently tiiey were sup- plied to the North Koreans by an- other Communist nation, for the Red Koreans had none when the war started oa June 25. ;