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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 26, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Slightly Warmer Tonight, Sunday The Proof of FM Superiority Is In the Listening VOLUME 50, NO. 162 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, AUGUST 26, 1950 TWELVE PAGES TODAY- Arms Race Spotlights Missiles i By Stewart Alsop Washington A great new pro- ject, on the scale of the Manhattan. District project which made the] atomic bomb, is now being urged j on President Truman by some of; the ablest of his advisers. The pur-' pose of this new project would be to "make certain that the United States wins the guided missiles race." There is no doubt whatsoever that the world is now on the thresh- old of the grim era when guided j missiles will be a decisive probably the decisive factor in war. The first guided missile to be produced on a large scale Is I likely to be the ground-to-air, su- personic, target-seeking missile. If produced in quantity and effective- ly used, this weapon would render virtually obsolete conventional 8 D e as Sh Mangled Reds Retreat Headlong From Taegu Curb Aggression By Bombing Russ, Legion Chief Asks Washington YVaalMUgi'UU u" VI' i" t Craig, national commander of over-the-target bombing by demanded today Inntr-ranee bombers, i i K e tnci _ _, ..j George NJ American recognition of the Soviet U.S. Artillery Routs Attackers By Russell Brines Tokyo Mangled Red Kor- ean forces pulled back from the I blistering fire of American big guns today in the Kumhwa "death trap" corridor north of Taeju. But; 13 miles eastward, spearheads of at least Reds hammered at South Korean forces on the seventh consecutive day of the furious battle for Taegu. In a slashing counterattack, the I South Koreans erased the initial long-range bombers, American 3-36. communist satellite The meaning of this fact is very simple. The United States now re the Unlted St6tes construe aggressions as "the signal for our World our Craig said. "We cannot afford to engage in any more satellite wars. If Rus lies solely on its atomic superior- ity to deter the Kremlin, and on! Hi5 get-tough appeal was voiced its me. v juwiv, bombers to wing their way toward jsian puppets start trouble any- Three divisions of retreating Beds left behind a ghastly litter of corpses and the burned out Moscow." long-range strategic bombers to get the bombs to the targets. More than three years ago, this reporter and his partner made a long careful study of guided mis- siles. They then reported as fol- lows, in an article day Evening "FROM ITS LAUNCHING JPLATFORM (the ground-to-a i r missile) will soar in a few seconds to feet, and there, by radar in an address over a radio net work. Craig said he gave his views "as chief spokesman for the Amer- ican Legion." 11.J uctL, ixJ-iau i.i nal for our bombers to wing their way toward Moscow." Nonaggression Pacts Craig said the United Correspo head that the enemy troops were cut up so badly they could not launch a new attack in less than days. jsian puppets start trouble of tanks and guns. f I where in this (Monroe Doctrine) i Fjdd told Associated The Crippled Freighter Mary Luckenbich, docked at its pier in San Francisco this moinmg. Press Correspondent )fc Mf Beaevolence m a dense fog obscuring the entrance to San Francisco Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) aii .Legion ottiu ms. UBiya. wuay oi guiueu ujjs- ,-ir) Marshall plan countries i should demand abrogation or clar-. These officers said the immedi- ,en reported as fol- stop trad- Iflcatlon of nona egression pacts threat to Taegu in that sector rticle in "The Satur- Curtain nations, and tween England and Russia, and was ended -.Hart fnv o nrnmnt, world wide France and Russia. Bed Divisions guidance, will strike down the fast- est modern bomber as a hawk strikes down a heron.....proto- types may well be In the air, here or abroad, in two to five years' time." The forecast represented the es- timate of the best experts, given an all-oat effort. And it is deeply significant that the best current es- timate reflects very little change alter three forecast now is that this country may produce practical air-to-ground missiles in two to four years. This means that, although there has certainly been some progress, an all-out ef- fort has not Been made. Have the Soviets made an all-out effort in this vital field? This ques- tion cannot be answered positively. understanding where the vari- ous nations will stand if World War HE comes. j I lions oi aunuis, i The commander proposed: !neutrality in case of a final "We should not leave legal grounds upon which our Allies, we are financing with bil- Red Divisions Cut One said the effectiveness of ihe three beaten Red divisions 000 men and the North cominanuer .'neutrality in case of a final si 1. Extension of the Monroe the Legion chief added. ilnr. tr% all of til ft irr nT-waH A'om we are nan men i lions of dollars, might justify their Koreans to the east, was "cut in how-" trine to all the free areas of the world desiring such protection. 2. Ruthless economic sanctions against Russia, and withdrawal of Flood Control Funds Reduced Craig also urged: 1. Universal military training be enacted. 2 Immediate legislation to wipe out Communism in America, be- cause "The Communists now con- spiring and plotting in the United States are the same brand now killing American boys in Korea." 3. Political, economic and psy- chological offensives against Com- munism, co-ordinated and strength- U. S. and South Korean infantry- jmen antj Allied airpower joined in the blow that hurled back the three JRed divisions the 15th, 13th and! third. All along the 120-mile battle per- imeter in South Korea, the Allies or held on to posl-' Army Ready To Take Over Railroads By Harold W. Ward Washing-ton The Army tions. A company of battle weary G.I.'s blocked Reds on the southern front in a grenade and small arms battle. The G.I.'s, who for the last six tj position JD miles wesu Ul ivj.aoeui, grounds that Russia has broken gateway to Pusan port. Washington It will be up tlon cannot De answereu wasmngton it win ne uy But there are disturbing signs. For to President Truman and the Ar- tncf mnnt.h rmr Tnno-fnopi-c tn annlv a .t7fi.OOO example, last month "Pravda, echoing a previous statement by General Vassily Stalin, the dictat- or's son, announced flatly: "No air pirate on whatever airplane he might fly. however fast his air- plane might fly and however high he might try to fly, will dare to cross the air frontier of our great peace-loving country. This sort of thing may be mere bombast. But it is recalled that in October, 1948, Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Vishinsky remark- ed cryptically in the United Na my Engineers to apply a 000 cut which a joint House-Senate conference committee made in pro- posed appropriations for flood con trol and navigation projects. The committee reported to the House that it agreed on a bill pro- viding approximately for flood control and rivers and harbors work. The House late yesterday pass ed tie compromise general appropriations bill, includ- ing the waterways funds, and sent the bill to the Senate. ened under one government agency.: Idavs and nights have been u..Vi-. 4. Immediate abrogation of reDelIed a Red assault on E.S.T., Yalta agreement "and every trea-, g a vital observatior. ry we have with the Soviets, on 15 mile, west of the owners'and two disputing un- ions can agree on operating terms. President Truman directed Sec- retary of the Army Pace to take over the 131 major railroads criss GQ A" tne uin tu u.ic t tions that "it Is wrong to compromise total is some! j n PrmT Of rtnn Tlrhot 55pTAn t.p and this is a very great error of those who so there is onlv one state which possesses below what the Senate voted several weeks ago. Howev- er, it is above what the is only one stave n is uuuvc a monopoly of atomic energy and HoUse approved last spring, the atomic At the time, wn inrinHpe: MRa this too was considered mere bom- bast. But less than a year later, The bill now includes for general flood control projects, bast But less man a for rivers and harbors the 'Kremlin exploded its atomiciprojects and for 'control work on the lower Missis-r Speech Unofficial Washington (IP) The State department today ex- pressed sharp disapproval of a speech by Navy Secretary Matthews at Boston in which he said the United States should be willing to start a war in the interest of peace. Reporters were told'by Press Officer Roger Tubby that the speech "was not cleared by the Department of State." He add- ed: "Mr. M a 11 h e w s' remarks about instituting a war for pea.ce do not represent TJ. S. policy. The United States government docs not favor in- stituting a war of any kind." Lieutenant Colonel Thomas B. Roelofs of Corry, Pa., a battalion commander, said the defending company "hung on their toenails and drove the Communists back." "They were he said. I On the northern front, two South IKorean divisions opened the sec- 'ond day of a co-ordinated assault north of Pohang on the east coast, third division made slight tomorrow. ftt 4 This led the Canada Tied Up Other Survivors Of. The Hospital ship-freighter crash shown here after their rescue near San Francisco this morning. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Canada's crip- pling railway strike was In its fifth day today, with widening repercussions and no indica- tions of an early settlement. Renewed ed by the unprecedented per- sonal Intervention of Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent, were to be resumed here this morning'. gains around Hunghae, five miles north of Pohang. But to the west, i the Capital division was fighting to trainmen and conductors unions to (regain two miles lost to a Red at- tack Friday. The battle was 37 miles east- ward of the Taegu offensive. It! Russ Ship Korea Weapons, U. S. Says call off plans for walkout Monday of members. Washington By Max Boyd The Army reported new evidence today of rs unions to Washington me fuuiy nation-wide recent Russian shipments of fighting equipment to the Korean Com- Hospital Boat Upset in Crash With Freighter Remainder of 515 On Board Saved, Navy Believes San Francisco Eighteen persons died as the hospital ship Benevolence, with about 515 aboard, was rammed by a freight- er and overturned last night. The Navy said it believed all others were accounted for. The survivors were scattered through various hospitals in the San Francisco bay area, or had gone to their homes in nearby ci- ties. The crash occurred south of the main ship channel entering San Francisco bay, about four miles out from lie Golden Gate bridge. Visibility w-as zero as blind- ing white fog drifted in from sea. The outbound freighter, Mary Luckenbach, ripped into the flank; of the hospital ship which was en- tering the harbor after ft trial run. The freighter appeared little dam- aged. It crept into port during tha night. The Navy said it expected to have a casualty list available about 10 a.m. Pacific daylight time. Captain T. K. Wirth, chief of staff of the 12th naval district, said i the Benevolence keeled over with- in 15 minutes after the collision. Admiral George D. Murray, commander of the Western sea frontier, ordered a court of inquiry convened today to search out the cause of the accident. Testimony Scheduled Surviving Navy officers and, pre- sumably, the captain and other crewman of Uie Freighter Mary Lucfcenbach will give ineir ver- sions of how Uie two vessels came together in the dense fog obscur- ing the entrance to San Francisco bay. The until recently laid up with the reserve fleet at Island Navy Yard, had been pulled out for duty in the Korean war zone. She was on her last shakedown cruise preparatory to entering on duty. She was just off the gate, head- ing in for.her Mare Island dock, when the Mary Luckenbach loom- ed up out of the thick fog. Survivors said the Benevolence swung sharply to port (left) aoid the freighter rammed into her jstarboard side. The hospital ship capsized and went down in 75 feet of water, Managing to send out one call for assistance just before sink- ing. Aid Rushed The Coast Guard sent out 15 cutters, the Army dispatched half a dozen tugs and fishing craft con their tnunists. was a separate action. Formidable Defenses An estimted Red forces have dug formidable defensive po- pin the d treaties in recent bomb. IN BRIEF, IT MfST be as- sumed that the soviet anci their captive German bg cut lt cited a let. leagues are {rQm President Truman in- years. Craig said the United States has committee did not poured more than in sitions in a holding- battle to down Allied troops north of vital Pohang airstrip. So the President's seizure order yesterday restored peace for the time being, and assured that the time oeins, HMUICU mai, me Korea in July Irom tne trains will keep running. The un- controlied Macchurian pon ions said their members ------------------overnment.j Pace was expected to turn the] [verged from all over the area, officer at defense headers told the Pulling survivors from Uie debris- It was known that the Bene- volence carried, in addition to about 160 crew members and many staff doctors ar.-d other medical a number of persons came on the heels of a report from the source yesterday that 120 heavy tanks were shipped to North Korea in July from the Russian- Russian spokesmen have insist were Umitd to MkjoT General Korean Reds in Korea; trol action and artillery A. Heilman, chief of Army nulled out ofL 2' sence appeared possible: 1. They are to be thrown againstjpersonnel, a, numuer oi persons American and South Korean j who apparently had gone out Just beginning to hold for the cruise. leagues are ter from President Trurr means to perfect a pround-to-a ffle Armv gi- tarcet-seekmp supersonic to those activities spend more to com plete the economic rehabilitation ive first program. a spokesman at General MacAr- transportation, and Brigadier Gen eral Andrew Mclntyre, Phila- delphia, a Reserve officer on leave iredf more than to; the Marshall plan and must Admlral Arthur W. Radford. Pa- nnn nnn nnn mm-A to com- If their....... then "Pravda's" boasts have real substance. Not oven target-seeking missiles. [priority' to those "activities which! He said the EGA citic fleet commander, said at Pearl Harbor after returning from Korea that "the low point has been 2. They are a precautionary t) iney are a sian soldiers were pulled out OIjforce intendea to isolate Manchuria North Korea. i from "the" Korean fighting. Coupled with the repoH on 3_ are Many of the survivors were suf- fering from shock and the chill of immersion in the cold water. deipma, a neserve uiuuer uu "r :_., ,.r from the Pennsylvania an account of the massing 01 Assistant Army Secretary Karl R.Uwo Chinese Communist Bendetsen was designated as the [near the Korean border national de. ifense." A comnljttee member said the Not even target-seeking missiles re.examine all the deadly as they are. could hundred in all 48 whole industry of the J the whole industry of me Union or for that matter oi the slales- United States from atomic bom- bardment. But enough such mis- siles properly used, could make over-the-tarsfet bombing of the most vital areas intolerably cost- ly This moans that if the Soviets p'rodure this missile in WEATHER have 96 trade treaties, many of them secret, with Communist na- uje Kumhiva corridor battle than tions. During 1949, he said, t-heyihad been reported. exported more than North Korean commanders i overall superviser. The Reds threw more men into: Both sjdes in the 18-month dis- pute suggested that their differ- ences might now be allowed to sim mer for a while. The unions in goods to Russia and her satel- ro3ssed three infantry divisions of cauecj -ne seizure order a "tremen- "We just came across them like Iflsh in the said Tugboat i TT o onri G- J. Kauffman. "Radar the U- S' much good, the scope wa.s '.country more receptive to any u _ Waves and At this moVning's regular jw-kage-so it help ing at the Pentagon, the Army! spokesman said: I "Interrogation of North Koreanj prisoners tends to confirm reports "This included everything from monkey wrenches to jet engines, (locomotives, tool steel, ball bear massed three infantry divisions of called the seizure order a "tremen- s Russia has sent equip- men. They supported victory" because they to the North Korean Reds with an armored brigade urging such action since 1 40 tanks, a regiment of artillery igust 4 _ lings, electronic equipment, tires, j mac! everything and a motorized regiment. gust 4. Actually, however, seizure rer no a niuLuuieu Actually, nowever, ic: This force tried to drive through !lieves pressure from both sides, j Prisoner Reports one case a prisoner claim- macninerv "chemicals In fact! I two American regiments and a operate as usual ed to have seen as late as June, the Russians need! South Korean division. It stalled in FEDERAL FORECASTS e Winoria and vicinity: East- the corridor. OCCaslonal local showers Asia and to fight Flanking and infiltrating, is ni ht Sunday partly TTT-- sairf Reds slipped llli> CiOUQV UL'UtloiUJlCl.i before s counter-weapon is found. jtonjgnt. Sunday partly cloudy, very little will then stand between WRrmer tonight and Sun- World War Craig said. the'Kremlin anci world conquest. Low tonight 58; high Sunday As with all weapons, an to the pround-to-air missile exists "Materials of war bought with m e r i c a n i A m e r i c a u taxpayer uunaaaiauFtJ'.1 I through the Marshall plan are nowj But the big drive never was able ;in the hands of North Korean j to do more than dent the Allied troops and are be i American soldiers minimum, ,ro ,AH jn jjjg hands 0, __ Official observations for the 24itroops antJ are being used to killjpositions. jhours ending at 12 m. today: snlriiprs. .teximum. 71: minimum, 53; j ..since We are financing these cers said. i >n, 67; precipitation, none: sun Marsnaji cotmtries. we have General Paik Sun Yip, command- s tonight at sun rises to-r ri_ht to demand that thisling the first South Korean 'Vwliiran weapons, an answer ,u c i taxpayers missile exists LOCAL WEATHTER in theory. The intermediate answer is the missile's twin, an air-to- erounci missile. This would be car-j 'jfaximum'. ried by a conventional bomber, and re'leased perhaps fifty or tuulBI1 hundred miles from the target, outimorrow at enemies be s fnere'be' Additional weather on page T. ped at the'target, by a radar-television j device. And since it, too, would, move faster than the speed of sound, it would be virtually invul- nerable to interception. THE PRIMARY PURPOSE of the proposed new project would bej to produce both these weapons, by an all-out effort in the shortest- possible !ime._ I" Washington The _ dollars Reds slipped behind thel American lines and temporarily cut off the supply highway. JOU'lWilO- IT. is splintered now, field offi- (Continued on Page 7, Column 2.) ARMY Worker's Club Board Ousted By Eau >Claire Judge moral" rfzht" to'denVand that this ling the first South Korean division j and Colonel Paul L. Freeman, i Cigarette Price lMay Cost 5125, Eau Claire, Wis. OP} The! .....__jboard of directors of the .a., com-imember Rubber Workers club was mander agreed the crisis has today to turn the clubs (_ trt -nrouinin: Allies Rip Tanks 1350 the delivery of Russian weap- ons.' He said he saw the Russian (seal on boxes. Among the weap- ions he claimed to have seen were 24 7S-M.M. and 12 122-M.M. artil- lery pieces. Representatives of the United Nations other than can representatives witnessed the questioning of the above prisoner and stated that he made his state- ment without being subjected to threats or being offered any re- Roanoke, Va., a regimental Allied forces knocked out 30 Red tanks in the corridor battle. The report on the Chinese Com- munists massed at the Korean bor- der worried military strategists, .management over to the immediate questions of board. ,000 Circuit Judge Clarence Reinhard anded down the order in a deci- rCcU LallKS 111 LUC V.U1 s. IIAUI Liianuvvi Thev piled up huge Red casual- sion finding that the present board ties "with an intensive artillery bar-iwas not legally elected last De- which in one sector alone jcember 24. A group of club mem- mounted to rounds for had instituted the court ac- tion, contending that the purpose! Colonel Freeman told Whiteheadlof the December 24 meeting had whether these seasoned troops, reported unofficially to number more than will stay where they are or move southward to the aid of the stalled North Korean (week. Revised Plans The latter .step would mean e 30 a newj Colonel Freeman told Whiteheadlof the DecemDer meeting latter .step would mean a is 3000000000 that a triple check count showed loot been announced and that onlyjsharp revision of fighting plans for nroTH. r.nmmnnists' bodies in front about 30 of the members were pre-jUnjted Nations forces now seeking T'rttn f rlirPntfirS. i _ Vni-etfi vears, we have been spending; ;irecofd" This about a year on ajjump jn cigarette prices may cost ,-n the previ- 500 Communists' bodies in iruui, aouui ou ui mniiea inauuns groat variety of guided missiles; ke in country an extra of his regimental position. sent to vote for the directors jto liberate Korea. projects, run rather haphazardly, started the record consmnption.l Airmen had one of their biggest The board elected December 24, The unofficial estimte of SJWT ,'KKrv.isAEKK ssuffls' What is now needed is a vastlyjsaid today, accelerated effort, with all the The penny-a-pack price guided missiles projects brought was announced in July, under a single authority, and with) At the same toe, the depart that authority empowered to spend iment said in a report, a record between one and two billion dollars (probably will be set in tobacco ._ nf all kinds because ot cigarettes was about boost! less than in previous year, due to the smaller output for export, the ported Knocking out 10 tanss wruie or syunuu.c concentration is jnuie uuoji flvir" near 600 missions of allimembers when it decided to gJvejthe estimated size of American J _____i ..n lirfllnr lirPtlSP flnd f_____ T7-A.An report said. The department said cigars were smoked up about a new record. Nine tanks were hit near the front. Six were caught in transit at the Commu- hptween one and two billion douarsiprooaoiy wm oe sei. a to win the guided missiles purchases of all kinds because of three and one half per cent race And there may be very little high employment and income lev- than in.each of Uie two pre a fact of which Tru- els. years. It added however th preceding time to lose, a fact of which Tru- man's ablest advisers are, fortun- ately, wholly aware. It said the nation's smokers con- sumed cigarettes in years. It added, however, that the cigar demand is expected to pick up in the last half of this year. concentration is more than double up the club's liquor license and have a library instead. Club mem- o Pyongyan lo- bers stopped the action in court fewer comotives destroyed and 23 forces in Korea. As to what the two Chinese Red armies poised in Manchuria may :n lo- and later voted in a referendum to and how u. S. forces would load-'have a bar. which was installed in moved into ed boxcars added to the new club quarters the spokesman would ex- bag. B-29s poured 600 tons of] Members of the club -work at .Q-ZyS uULliCG wv "i. bombs on four industrial plants in the U. S. Rubber Company plant North Korea. here. press no opinion Three explanations of their pre-! One Of The Survivors From The Sunken hospital ship Bene- volence, right, seems contented again at Letterman Army hospital in San Francisco in a dry blanket and a new suit of underwear. A reporter talks with him at the Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) ;