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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 25, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Partly Cloudy, Warmer Tonight And Tuesday Read Wilson Page 4 That's Earl, Brother VOLUME 52, NO. 161 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, AUGUST 25, 1952 EIGHTEEN PAGES Rams elson 2 Dwight D. Eisenhower's familiar grin is partly hidden by his car's rear window as the GOP presidential candidate leaves La Guardia airport in New York Sunday after arriving from Denver. Ike faces a heavy schedule this week, starting with an address to the American Legion convention. (AP Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald) Ike UrSes Stiff Warning to Reds 4 Weary Explorers i Escape 'Hell's Hole' I MUOTATHAL, Switzerland UP) Four weary underground explorers dumbfounded their rain-stymied would-be rescuers Sunday night by walking unheralded and unharmed out of the sub-Alpine "Hell's Hole" caverns where high water had trapped them for 9Va days. The plight of the explorers here had set off one of Switzerland's most extensive rescue operations. But new rains Sunday brought threats of more water rises and temporarily halted the rescue ef- forts. Thus no one was on hand when the quartet walked from the cave and down the slope of Sil- beren Mountain to startle a crowd gathered in a cafe under rescue headquarters. By R ELM AN MORIN NEW YORK UP) Dwight D. Eisenhower said today that, be- cause of the Soviet master-plan of conquest, "this nation today stands in greater peril than at any time in OUT history." He called for a clear, strong to the Russians from the American government: must tell the Soviets with cold finality that never shall we rest content until the tidal mud of aggressive Communism has re- ceded within its own borders." Eisenhower's remarks were con- tained in the written text of a speech prepared for delivery to the American Legion National Conven- tion. Only WNYC, New York City municipal radio station, made plans to broadcast the speech at Madison Square Garden. The general, a Legionnaire, flew to New York from Denver last night, and the New York speech was designed to step up his cam- paign as the Republican candidate for the presidency. Non-Political The speech was billed as non- political, but it contained several passages that appeared to refer directly to some of the charges the Republicans are making against the Truman administra- tion. While he emphasized today the danger to the United States posed by the Soviet menace, he said he does not beb'eve the Russians are ready, now, to kick off a third world war. "We still have he said, and he outlined a program de- signed to present counter-measures to the Soviet movement. They en- tailed: 1. Creating a security force "with such offensive impact that the massive potential of their blows will haunt the Kremlin with night- nu.res of punishment to be visited on Russia should it violate the peace." 2. "Greater co-operative unity with every nation in the free world that is prepared to stand with us, work with us, build with us, for the security of all of us." 3. A warning to Russia that the United States will "never recog- nize the slightest permanence in Russia's position in Eastern Eu- rope and Asia." He spoke of corruption in gov- ernment with the words: "Let us bend ourselves to end corruption in public office, at every level of government. In world opinion and in world effec- tiveness, the United States is no better, no more efficient, no stronger than the moral firmness of its public officials." He referred several times to in- filtration of Communists into American government. He said the American Legion "has helped cleanse the American government and American commu- nities of subversive influence and traitorous conspiracy." And he pledged himself to co-operate with the Legion in that work. Eisenhower added: "You have done your work with- out recklessly injuring the repu- tations of innocent people." He also said: Fundamental Concept "Let us never tolerate in any area of our community life those criminal malefactors who by stealth or by subversion or by treacherous betrayal attempt to weaken and destroy the American constitutional system. "But, at1 the same time, let us forever hew sharply to the funda- mental American principle that every man is innocent until he is proved guilty. "The assassins of character and the promoters of witch hunts are dangerous to our freedom at home and to our world positions of lead- ership.'. Nixon Lambasts 'McCarthyism' WASHINGTON Richard Nixon said today that "the way to get rid of so-called 'McCarthyism' is to elect a new administration." And, he said, "I think 'McCarthy- ism' has been created by- Truman. I believe it is the creature of Tru- man." The California Republican, his party's candidate for vice presi- dent, said that the term "means lot of different things to different people" and "To the extent that the Ameri- can people have been convinced that so-called 'McCarthyism' means smear, unfair charges, charges not based on fact, to that extent who- ever has to carry the McCarthy issue will have a liability on its back." Truman Urges Legion to Put Facts to People NEW YORK W President Truman today urged the American Legion to help "put all the facts before the people" in the present political campaign. The presidential message was read by National Commander Don- ald R. Wilson at the opening ses- sion of the Legion's 34th annual convention in Madison Square Gar- den. "In our country, the people have an opportunity xto determine their own destiny by deciding the vital issues at the ballot the Pres- ident said. "I ask the Legion to help America choose wisely by seeing that all the facts are put before the people in free and fair debate." Gov. Thomas E. Dewey of New York, wel-coming the Legion, praised it for .its.efforts in behalf of universal military Dewey told the pected to reach a total of before the convention ends Thurs- the contin- ue its drive to enact UMT if the nation is to keep strong. With their families, the men who met in army camps and on battle- fields and battleships are expected to swell New York's population by as they gather here for serious to have a little fun. 11.S. AJlai Given Edge In 106 Big Cities By PRINCETON RESEARCH SERVICE Kenneth Fink, Director PRINCETON, N. J. A new United States Poll, just completed by Princeton Research Service, shows Adlai Stevenson leading Dwight E'isenhower in the nation's 106 biggest cities from which came tlfe de- cisive strength of the Democrats in the 1948 "upset" election of Harry Truman. A cross-section of voters in these 106 cities all of them over 100- 000 in population were asked: "Right now, which of the two candi- dates Stevenson, the De'mocrat, or Eisenhower, the Republican, dp 11932 with no important splinter 16 States, 8 In Midwest, Held Crucial Ike and Adlai Will Concentrate In Tough Areas you personally favor for presi- The result: Big City Vote, Nationwide Stevenson 51.3% Eisenhower 44.0% No opinion 4.7% All those who voted "No opin- ion" on the question were then ask- ed: "Well, if you had to decide right now, which of the two would you rather see win the Republi- can candidate Eisenhower or the Democratic candidate Answers to the second question gave Stevenson an additional 2% and Eisenhower with 1.6% still "No opinion" making up the 4.7% answering "No opinion" on the first question. Combining these results with the vote on the first question, the figures become: Big City Vote, Nationwide Stevenson 53.3% Eisenhower 45.1% No opinion 1.6% Eliminating the undecided group, the vote would be: Stevenson 54.2% and Eisenhower 45.8% of those ex- pressing an opinion. A comparison of the above fi- gures wiUi big city returns in the 1948 presidential election indicates Gen. Eisenhower now is running 5.8% better in the nation's 106 big- gest cities than did Thomas E, Dewey in 1948, when there were four candidates who received more than 1% of the total vote. The 1948 presidential big city returns broke down as follows: Truman Dewey Wallace Thur- mond A comparison of Eisenhower's standing, as indicated by today's United States Poll, with results of five previous elections, shows Ei- senhower is running better than any Republican candidate since parties in the field. Big City Vote Presiden- tial Elections 1932-1948 Republicans 1932 Hoover 38.1% 1936 Landon 30.5% 1940 Willkie 39.3% 1944 Dewey 39.3% 1948 Dewey 40.0% Today Eisenhower 45.8% However, Stevenson's 54.2% of the voters expressing an opinion in today's poll, is the same per- centage the Democratic candidate and winner President Truman had in 1948's result. The significance of the big city vote this year is underscored by the fact that Dewey and Truman ran neck and neck outside the big ci- ties in 1948. Only four-tenths of one per cent .separated them, with Dewey, the leader, having more votes. Here are the Truman-Dewey election returns in 1948 with the big city vote excluded: Communities Under Nationwide 1948 Election Returns Dewey 47.6% Truman 47.2% Others 5.2% Total vote outside big cities Truman's lead in the big cities and so he led Dewey by in the nation as a whole. From the above, it can be seen why Eisenhower and Stevenson may be expected to spend consid- erable time in the nation's big ci- ties between now and November 4. A new United States Poll report will appear in The Republican- Herald on Wednesday. By JACK BELL NEW YORK'W Sixteen states eight of them in the Midwest appear likely to get the full cam- paign treatment from Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower and Gov. Adlai .E. Stevenson of Illinois. The Midwest, regarded as the No. 1 battleground by many Dem- ocratic strategists, is likely to see more of the two presidential can- didates personally than any other section, with the possible exception of California and New York. Republicans are more inclined to regard the East as their tough- est political nut to crack, but un- less plans are changed Eisenhow- er, the GOP nominee, will give early and thorough attention to the Midwest. There Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio and Wisconsin offer a total of 131 electoral votes toward the 266 needed to win the presidency in November.' Must Hold South If the Democrats keep the South intact and carry the borderline states, they could win with a Mid- western sweep. If the Republicans could take the Midwest solidly, they could win with the addition of California, New York, Pennsylvania, Massa- chusetts and New Jersey, even if they were shut out of the South border states. oth sides seem to agree that the chief Eastern battles will be fought in Connecticut, Massachu- setts, New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania. Those states have a combined total of 117 electoral votes. In the Far West, both, candi- dates will visit California, Oregon and Washington. Stevenson has planned two trips through Califor- nia. Eisenhower already has been there since his nomination and will go back for intensive campaigning. The Republican nominee's hop- skip trip to the South, beginning Sept. 2, is regarded in most politi- cal circles as largely designed to meet pre-nomination commitments to campaign in every section of the country. The GOP doesn't have the rosy view of a major Southern break- through it once held, though it does retain hopes of winning Virginia and possibly Texas. Ike Going South Eisenhower has announced he plans plane stops at Atlanta, Ga.; Jacksonville, Miami, and Tampa, Fla.; Birmingham, Ala., and Little Rock, Ark. Later trips may take the general into his native state of Texas, and into Virginia, Tennes- see and Kentucky, Democratic leaders said Steven- son will touch base in several Southern states either late in Sep- tember or early in October. Both candidates will make ap- pearances in such borderline states as Kentucky, Maryland, Oklahoma j and Tennessee. But they may limit i themselves to one stop in such states to save more time for cam- paigning in the East, Midwest and Far West. Sen. Richard M. Nixon of Cali- fornia, the Republican vice presi- dential nominee, has been assigned the job of taking on what has be- come known as the "Kefauver type" of campaign. Sen. Estes Kefauver of Tennes- see won most of the Democratic not the party nom- handshaking tours and folksy talks in as many hamlets as he could reach. Snow Fence Was used today to cover the gaping hole in a Wabasha-Nelson dike road bridge into which the truck crashed. All three occupants of the vehicle plunged into the water after the A Group Of Nelson, Wis., youngsters inspect a -truck involved in a fatal traffic accident on the Wabasha-Nelson dike road Sunday night. Pro- truding from the truck grill is a bridge timber which was thrust through the vehicle and caused the gasoline tank to explode. (Republican-Herald photos) WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy and warmer tonight and Tuesday. Low tonight 62, high Tuesday 88. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 81; minimum, 55; noon, 81; precipitation, none. Official observations for the. 24 hours ending at 12 m, today: Maximum, 86; minimum; 58; noon, 82; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) Max. temp. 80 at noon, min. 53 at a. m. today. Noon read- 18 miles per hour from southeast, clouds thin and broken at feet, visibility 12 miles, humidity 64 per cent, barometer 30.16, falling. Additional weather on Page IS. U. 5. Bombers Pound Red Supply Bases By WILLIAM C. BARNARD S50UL, Korea S. bomb- ers delivered a one-two blow at Communist supplies last night. Flying through stormy weather they hit a 40-acre supply area in Northwest Korea and pounded be- hind-the-front storage depots. A rain storm swirling over Ko- rea bogged down troops on the 155-mile ground front. Forty Chi- nese firing burp guns made a thrust at Bunker Hill on the Western Front but a U. S. Eighth Army staff officer said the Chinese were beaten back in a torrid 15- minute fight. There were only patrol clashes and light enemy probes elsewhere. Communist artillery fell off to 968 Sunday rounds compared with 111 rounds on Saturday. The Navy said its operations were curtailed by heavy weather but reported that carrier pilots strafed and bombed Red targets around Hungnam and Wonson in Northeast Korea Saturday, Jap-Based Superforts A dozen Japan-based Superforts flew through moderate to intense flak in their first raid of the war on the 40-acre supply area at Anju, 100 miles'north of the Red capital of Pyongyang. The Air Force said one Commu- nist night fighter was sighted but did not attack, On Saturday night, the Air Force reported, Superforts raided the Su- pung rail yeard near the Manchur- ian border. It said one of three Red fighters that challenged the bombers was shot down. U. S. Fifth. Air Force B-26 light bombers bombed a rail intersection at Sandung, east of Pyongyang. Bomber crews reported three big secondary explosions and three huge fires, Other B-26 pilots bombed and strafed supply targets at Tosang, south of Chongju; at Anak, Hwang- and Anbyon, the latter two villages south of Wonsan. Lt Gen. Glenn 0. Barcus, Fifth Air Force commander, said in an interview that the stepped-up raids against Red supplies "seem to be hurting him (Communists) from the way he is sounding off." Communist radio broadcasts have been especially bitter in re- cent days in blasting U. N. air attacks. This Is The Fire-Swept interior of the truck cab in which two persons were carried to their death and a third critically injured. Beneath the steering wheel can be seen the charred portion of a bridge timber which was pushed through the trtick. Bribed to Quit Race, Stafford King Claims ST. PAUL OB-State Auditor Stafford King, candidate for the He- publican nomination for governor, Sunday night disclosed two bribe offers to get him to withdraw from the race. The offers he said, were made by two men. Names of the men were not revealed. One offer was for King to receive if he would switch his campaign to a congressional post, with another 000 to be paid in the next two years. The other offer, made by the first man to visit him, King said, was to provide a build-up of King avajiable. In addition, contributors as savior of the Republican party' if he withdrew; pushing through the legislature of a retirement act to allow his retirement when his job as state auditor was over; no opposition would be put up for his re-election, and funds for his cam- paign, together with full support of Third Seriously Injured, Blast Wrecks Vehicle Three Believed Blown Out of Burning Car Into River By GORDON HOLTE Republican-Herald Staff Writer NELSON, Wis. (Special) Two persons are dead and a third lies critically injured in a Wabasha, Minn., hospital today as a result of a nightmarish traffic accident on the Wabasha-Nelson dike road Sunday night, r Identified by Buffalo Traffic Officer Henry Zeichert, Buffalo City, as the accident vic- tims were: Norman Bucher, 27, Nelson, the driver of the pickup truck which crashed into a wooden bridge structure on Highway 25, about one mile west of here. Bucher died at a Wabasha hospital at a. m. today of third degree burns suffer- ed in the mishap. Miss Marine Hermanson, 20, Misha Mokwa (three miles east of who was drowned in the waters of the Nelson bottomlands after being hurled out of the truck. Woman Badly Burned Miss Frances Braun, 23, St. Charles, who is receiving treatment at a Wabasha hospital today for severe burns and head injuries suffered in the mishap. Her condi- tion was described this afternoon as "critical." The accident occurred at about 10 p. m. Sunday while Bucher driving across the dike road toward Wabasha. As yet Buffalo County authori- ties have been unable to determine the exact cause of the accident The truck, however, plunged into the side rails of the bridge struc- ture, tore a gaping hole along north side of the bridge for a di> Inquest Called District Attorney Belmont W. Schlosstein. Cochrine, Wif., an- nounced this afternoon that an inquest will be held in the death of Miss Hermanson. After conferring with Buffalo County Traffic Officer Henry Zeichert, Buffalo City, dis- trict attorney laid that a cor- oner's jury would be drawn at Alma this afternoon. the organization, would be made ger." to his campaign for governor would be paid off, along with existing bills. First word of the development came from the Rev. Ivan S. Cow-, man, rector of Cleveland Avenue Methodist Church, The Rev. Cow- man said King's rejection of the offers offered a "good use of an- tance of almost 40 feet and final- ly came to a stop after one of the timbers had been thrust through the chassis of the vehicle and struck a gasoline tank below the truck cab. The force of the impact caused an immediate explosion of the gasoline and the truck was trans- formed into a blazing inferno. On Edge of Bridge When the truck came to a stop, it was balanced precariously along the outside edge of the bridge and was prevented from dropping a distance of some 12 feet into tbet backwaters of the Mississippi by the bridge timber that pierced the truck. What happened immediately after the explosion is a matter of con- jecture but Traffic Officer Zeichert cites the possibility that all three occupants of the vehicle might have been hurled out of the truck at once by the blast from the ex- ploding tank. When the first persons to arrive at the accident scene reached'the blazing truck, both doors were open and the windshield had been blown out. Also considered was the possibil- ity that the two women and the driver had sought to escape from the fiercely blazing machine, and stepped out of the truck and plung- ed into the water. Mr. and Mrs. Earl Wayne. Du- rand, were returning to Wisconsin and passed the truck on the dike road moments before the mishap. "We passed them just on the other side of the Wayne related, "and I'd only driven about 500 feet or so when I could see the reflection of this big flash." Winonan Sees Explosion Wayne looked around, noticed the blazing truck and immediately re- turned to the bridge. Sydney Johnstone, 120 Washing- ton St., Winona, meanwhile, was about one-half mile away from the accident site when he noticed the sudden flash of the explosion. Johnstone continued to drive" along the dike toward Minnesota and a few moments later saw flames leaping 30 feet and higher into the air. "As soon as I stopped my Wayne said. "I could hear persons screaming down in the water so I pot out and went down the bank." There he found Miss Braun floundering near the shore and as- sisted her to land. He then helped the critically injured woman up the steeti 15-foot embankment to the road. Johnstone had arrived by this (Continued on 3, Column 5) TWO DEAD ;