Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 25, 1950, Winona, Minnesota
Cooler Tonight, Fair Saturday The Proof of FM Superiority is In the Listening VOLUME 50, NO. 161 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, AUGUST 25, 1950 SIXTEEN PAGES TODAY- Hypocrisy Perils Economy By Stewart AIsop Washington The level of hy-l pocrisy is rarely low in Washing-i ton, but it is now reaching a new high water mark. This is best il- lustrated by the current wrangling! between Congress and the Admin-; istration in the matter of economic: controls. All concerned are aware j that rigorous, and painful, con- trols are going to be necessary. And all concerned are chiefly ested in unloading any unpleasant! political consequences on the oppo-! sition. On the one hand, the Truman ad-j ministration is as usual talking out! of both sides of its mouth. Secre- tary of Defense Louis Johnson has now said publicly what he has been! saying privately that defense! costs will go up to the billion! level In the near future. This John-j son policy means something likej total mobilization. And no sensible! man has the slightest doubt that if defense spending really goes up to this level, total economic controls.! including rationing and price and! wage controls, will be absolutely) essential. Yet. while Johnson is attempting to conceal the tragic consequences of his "economy" program by out- bidding everybody else on rearm- ament, the official Administration line on rationing, price and wage controls still is that "the President doesn't want them." Thus the John- son policy on defense spending and the Truman policy on economic con- trols neatly cancel each other out. THIS IS PRECISELY the sort of messy nonsense which has been causing the political stock of the Administration to slump steadily ever since Korea. In the meantime, the conservative coalition In Con- gress in also Indulging to sly politi- cal shenanigans. For example, the Wherry-Bricker amendment to the defense production bill Is quite ob- viously designed to "put Truman on the spot" by handing him tot- ally unworkable legislation. This amendment provides thatj Rail Seizure Ordered Sunday Conrad to Stop Here Sunday On Round-Trip to Europe Winona's Max Conrad waves a goodbye from his four-place Piper he prepares It for a flight from Minneapolis to Geneva, Switzerland, and return. Winonan to Fly Light Plane to Visit Family If the Administration -wants to control anything, it will have to control everything. If It becomes de- sirable to hold meat or steel prices in line, for example, it will also be Sunday afternoon, about 4 o'clock, Winona's Max Conrad will set his little Piper Pacer plane down at the municipal airport here to end the first hop of a flight. necessary to freeze the price The landing will be after the Morris chairs or the wages of bean-jshortest hop of the trip: The 110 pickers. In the meantime, no ad- miles from Minneapolis, The long mlnistrative machinery is provid- ed to enforce this legislation, which goes further than O.P.A. ever did In war time. The explanation of this sudden apparent thirst for controls in men like Wherry and Brlcker is really very simple. The Administration is to be confronted with the alterna- tive of attempting to enforce the est: the miles from New York to Gander, Newfoundland. After an hour with his mother! in Winona. Max will take off for New York, to begin In earnest the 10.000-mile round-trip solo flight to Europe. Headed for Switzerland Sometime next week the Wino- na-bom flier hopes to set his 125- Max, who loves his family real ly isn't making the round-trip! flight to Europe; he's making a unenforceable, or of having no con-l horsepower plane down at Geneva, trols at all. The latter is, of the real objective of many who vot-j Meeting him there will be his ed for the amendment. But these wife and their nine children, most! statesmen will then be able whom have been in Europe! answer the anguished protest of since the summer of 1947. the hard-pressed voters by saying, "We voted for controls, but Tru- man won't use them." This kind of petty political ma-'round-trip flight to his family, neuvering is nothing less than tra-l He's written a song for gic in these times. And the mostly for his wife, the former dy is compounded by the fact Betty Biesanz of Winona, daugh- in the view of those best qualified'ter of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Bie-, to judge, this country is perfectly sanz. It's titled "It's and! capable of supporting a very high'it's in popular vein about his wife! level of defense spending for a and the distances separating them. I long period, without wrenching theiTwo pages of the song are written! whole economy out of shape. Jon the plane's fuselage. j Songrs Recorded Reds Begin Big Drive Toward Taegu Allies Hold As Airmen Rip Attacking Troops By Bussell Brines Tokyo, Saturday A. major j battle over a new road to Taegu' city broke out Friday in the Ko- rean central warfront mountains. It was being fought between Al- lied South Koreans and the invad- ing Reds 12 to 25 miles north and east of Taegu. Counter-attacking South Koreans regained ground they lost Friday morning. The first blows had been dealt by a forward force of troops and tanks, prodding before a Red force. It was the Communists' fifth try of the week to open a road down from the mountains to the largest city left in 1iie Allied southeastern corner of Korea, An Allied spokesman said late Friday the South Korean sixth di- vision was holding back Reds who drove southward toward Yongchon from positions east of the Kum- hwa. The Beds turned to this route from the "bowling- alley" corridor where they failed four times in five days to crash through at a! cost of men. Kumhwa is 121 miles north of Taegu. Yongchon is Jinked to Taegu by a major road. The battle line was astride a main highway and rail- road running from Uisong to Yong- chon. The road passes through flat country good for tank fighting, south the mountains. I Airmen Active All through Friday, the 62nd day of a war that has already claimed more than lives, Allied bombers and fighters beat at the ten divisions the North Koreans X. North Koreans (1) are on the attack northeast of Taegu near Chongno, apparently aiming at a flanking drive on the city via the Ulsong-Yongchon highway. South Koreanj have regained some ground they lost at the start of the drive. Other Red units are attacking near Kumhwa. Communists on the east coast (2) drove back South Koreans In the Kigye-Pohang area. On the southern front (3) TJ. S. troops are battling Reds in close fighting. North Koreans still have a Naktong river bridgehead at Hyongpungr. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) have around the whole 120-mile battle perimeter. From the east coast to Taegu and south to coastal Chinju Allied planes bombed, strafed and rock- leted the Red troops. Fire bombs were heaped on supplies behind the lines and on installations and airfields. The main fighting raged east of the blood-soaked "bowling alley" corridor near Kumhwa. The blood- iest combat was around Chongno, 25 miles north of Taegu and seven miles east of Kunwl, spreading the combatants over a blazing 12-mile St. Laurent Intervenes To Curtail Strike Ottawa Canada's Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent today jintervened personally in his coun- loaded. There were dangers fresh food, coal, and power short- ages; spoiled harvests, newsprint mill shutdowns, stoppage of the Ca- Truman Tells Army to Run Lines for U.S. Trainmen Will Stay on Job For Government Tru- man today ordered seizure of the nation's railroads at 4 p. m. (E.S.T.) Sunday. Acting because of the nation-wide strike called for Monday by two railroad unions, Mr. Truman direct- ed that Secretary of the Army Face Stake over and operate the roads "in the name of the United States government." In a statement, Mr. Truman also called upon "every railroad worker to co-operate with the government by remaining on duty." The unions have said they would j work under government seizure. In (fact, they have several times urged that the government take over the railroads because of their 18 month! old wage-hour dispute. While the cabinet was in session, railroad trainmen and conductors sent to the White House a denial that they had broken any pledge when they called a strike, Mr. Truman told a news con- ference yesterday that the strike call issued by the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen and the Or- der of Railway Conductors late Wednesday was put out within an hour after he had been assur- ed by both management and un- ions that there would be no walk- out, Deny Delay The unions' telegram to the Pres- ident this morning said: "We wish to personally vou that at the concluding confer- ence presided over by Doctor Steel- man, in the east wing of the White House from 3 to 4 p.m., Wednesday, August 23, 1950, no mention what- soever wai Made regarding the calling of any nation-wide strike, and therefore any statement to-the effect that -we had arokea our pledge is one hundred per cent prime additional pro- ter in a Canadian labor dispute, j Facing these prospects, St. Lau- St. Laurent scheduled separate scheduled meetings today with meetings with rail and unionpe disputants, _wilh Labor Minis- Here shouldn't need the sheet music because he wrote "It's True" on the harmonica. Allies Holding With War 2 Months Old By Eelman Morin war in Korea is two calendar months old today. That is not a long time for a military operation. American troops front. On the Sea of Japan coast 25 miles east of this battle, North Koreans stabbed down from Yong- dok and shoved back a South Ko- chiefs. He was expected to urge resumption of direct negotiations under threat of a government crackdown. The Montreal Gazette reported that union leaders would give St. Laurent new proposals on their de- mands for higher pay and a work- week reduction from 48 to 40 hours, More than persons ter Miltoii Gregg and Transport Minister Lionel Chevrier sitting in. The first conference was to bring in Frank H, Hall, negotiations chairman for 15 international un- ions with members; A. R. Mosher, president of the Canadian Brotherhood of Railway Employes! and representing the other striking- workers, and other union! In advance of the cabinet meet- ing a prominent administration of- ficial said seizure of the rail industry either today or tomor- row probably will be the Pres- ident's method of dealing with the crisis, "I don't believe the President can do anything else but said this official, asking that his name not be used. "The only ques- tion is when." He added, however, that he ex- Thi _____ rean regiment before Kigye, nine I a shudder throughout Canada's eco- ready were idled, directly or directly, by the four-day rail and! The second meeting was to be telegraph walkout, which has sent with Donald Gordon, chairman anc EVEN BEFORE KOREA, th e. Among Ills 20 pounds of baggage'fought longer for a single position, Cassino, in the last war. national economy was moving- rap- wiu be a do2en records of ae B0ngj But an enormously bigger segment of history has been telescoped i. t rtH'o thfi T-ai.-ral nf __ _ idly towards the level of output of _ S300 Cities these two months. projected lor law recorded it and two doseni The military movement was swift. The North Koreans rolled south- chairman of the economic of Leon Keyserhng. Indeed, the ex-iTnafs bei sheet music for it ward like an avalanche over 240 airline miles and probably 400 actual miles northwest of Pohang port. The South Koreans dropped back a mile and a half before a tank-led smash by the Beds. East Coast Battle The east coastal battle was touched off by a twin South Korean attack to the north from Kigye and the coastal Hunghae area im- mediately north of Pohang. Two South Korean Cap- itol and off in the offensive. On the extreme southern front between Chinju and Masan port, 27 air miles west of Pusan, the being printed in road miles. All of Korea except for psinsion has beeij so rapid that the] record nas an postage stamp on the economic advisers nave now raisedit00_ That has a recording fell into their hands. their sights to a fantastic 5330j-.proro My Cabin anoth-j nomic life. Remaining transport and communications were over- Senator Taylor Officially Beaten Boise, Glen H. Taylor's defeat in the August 8 Idaho primary WELS made official yesterday by the Idaho canvassing ooard. Taylor's bid for renomination as Democratic candidate for the six- No. 1 Allied port, two Red divi-jyear Senate term was turned away sions appeared to have built 948 votes. billion level by ;er recent composition Dy Conrad This means that thD Musician fecundity of the national -j-0 Deliver' the .should supply enough for all, farm-iv ne'n with a high pe-rcentape of the na-' Sixty-two days in that Umeiof wounds. some suddenly violence, more in slow torture a sweep to the east. music, and be making the fiery Red scythe of war i swept over Korea from the Man. the the !churlan border to southern- MAX CONRAD tionnl product going into guns in-l (Continued on Page 13. 4.) stead of butter, tanks instead of au- tomobiles. The best estimate of sen-! sible men, who. unlike Johnson, do not have to cover up frantically lor past errors, is that defense spending can be held to a level of about 35 billion dollars a year. This is only about 13 per cent even oil the present national product of t..p Qf me burning, killing and destroying. Well over people, soldiers and civil- Wage, Price Control Links Being Fought This Diary of Days is the diary of the American artillery and mortar fire stalled an estimated 300 Reds in front of the U. S. 2ath division's critical of the 62 days: Jwest of battltag In tte D. Worth Clark, former senator from Taylor's home town of Poca- tello. won the nomination with votes to Taylor's A third candidate, Representative Compton I, White, received president of the government-owned Canadian National Railways, and W. A. Mather, president of the Canadian Pacific Railway Com- pany. Informed sources said the prime minister probably would urge both sides to resume negotiations im- mediately. There have not been any talks between both sides since last Friday though a government med- iator continued talks with each fac- tion until the strike began early Tuesday. Behind such advice, it was not- ed, would be a government club: Preparation if necessary of legis- lation to end the strike. Parlia- ment has been summoned to an emergency session next Tuesday, the rail- and possi- ble advance curtailments in serv- ice at a time when the are moving troops and supplies for the Korean fip.hling. Other Courier The official known to have at- tended a number of Whi.e House meetings on the situation said the President has two othtt- courses resides seizure, but they are un- likely possibilities. One would to to apply for M. court injunction to forbid the walk- out of trainmen and conduc- ors. But isgal ground for such action is not. settled. The other would be a personal appeal from Mr. Truman for the unions and carriers to speed a set- lement. But the wage-hour dispute has dragged on now since March, 1949, and it is Iwrdly likely that unlikely that St. Laurent would dis- close at today's meetings the ac- tual nature of legislation under con- sideration. THIS SORT OF SPENDING needj by no means spell economic dis-j aster. About 40 per cent of thej Washington With one and price curbs simultaneously al4UUum.eu. natioiial output was going to the'tory to their credit. Truman virtually everything if he j-iiled or wounded, 192 miss- June 26 North Korea forces i poured southward toward the nation's ancient capital, with a tank-led drive. June 27 The tanks entered Seoul. President Truman ordered U. S. planes and warships to aid j the South Koreans, June 29 General Douglas Mac- Arthur flew to the battle' zone. July 1 American ground troops landed and started toward Taejon, 90 miles from the foremost Communist forces. July 8 The first casualty fig- Ameri- military during: tie Inst war, forces striving for a at al Undr House the real standard of livins actually improvctl. This miracle cannot be) ing. repeated, of course, without a sens-ihome front mobilization bill train-lany overall program. ible control program. To their fire today on a provision I President Truman has said that if a ruinous inflation, painful meas-jtightly linking any wage and gives him authority to J version, he could invoke those con-1 juiy u _ A tragic date. Ameri- ajtrols on a selective basis, ahead of can soldiers were found with arms bound and shot in the back of the head. Two war correspondents ures will be necessary very taxes, tough allocation, commodity had already succeeded (control prices and wages, he wants were reported killed. July 12 The Americans fell credit and farm price measures, almost certainly some selective knocking out of the bill an they shall be imposed. in! a free hand to say whether across tne Sum river, de- tration-opposed section which would Another provision of the Senate i scribed as a natural defense line. July 19 MacArthur, calm and price, wage, and rationing controls, have turned the' operation of any (bill of which he expressed disap- j appraising m the midst of continu- for which standby administrative i allocations over to the Commerce' proval was stricken out of the bill retreat told the world: "The be authorized i department. jlast night. C0TV machinery should immediatelv. With a sensible control program, the garrison state which this coun- Senators Maybank (D.-S. C.) and I The Senate-House committee vot- Sparkman (D.-Ala.) predicted that the Senate-House committee trying try must now become can be iron out differences in Senate apparent contradiction in terms House bills will also delegate ed to give Mr. of Secretary of Commerce Sawyer- full power to allocate scarce defense materials. That action wiped out North Koreans have lost their] chance for victory." July 20 The bitter battle for Taejon. It was epitomized in the story of Major General William F. Dean, probably the last Amer- a reasonably prosperous and con-'the provision tying wage-price con-] a provision in the Senate-bill which I jc'an soldier to leave the burning portable garrison state. But if tightly together. would have bypassed the President city _ jf he got out at all. The Truman administration continues indefinitely to talk out of both sides of its mouth, while the opposition in Congress slyly maneuvers for the economy our garrison Senator Bricker (R.-Ohio) has said there will be a "terrific squab- ble" in the Senate if they do. Both the Senate and House must approve any compromise. The provision, attached to the bill and handed Sawyer's Commerce de- partment exclusive handling of al- locations and priorities. The conferees adopted the House version giving Mr. Truman full dis- cretion to operate the program, par- last words he is known to have spoken: "I just got me a tank." He was smiling and holding a ba- zooka. July 21 The first American political advantage, will go smash, and uui izie provision, an-acnea to i-ne 0111 creuuii u> operate me program, par- minnr state will be very far from com-jin the Senate by Bricker and Sen-celling allocation and priority con-i 5l sluuoz fortable. This now seems ratherlator Wherry would re-jtrols on various agencies as he (Continued on Page 13, Column likely to be our well-deserved President Truman to impose wishes. I KOREA (local the strike deadline. The unions have said their mem- bers will work in the event of seiz- U. S. Tanks Moriujr Up on Korea's southwest front crowd the inspection party of General J. Lawton Collins, U. S. Army chief of staff, off the road during the general's inspection trip near the front. General Collins stands in the jeep, second from foreground, right, to view the passing armor. (A.P. Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald.) ure. They then would be govern- ment employes and could be com- pelled by the courts to continue working, anyway. Under seizures the government would let the rail- roads operate as usual, with the same pay and other working con- ditions for employes, until the labor dispute Is settled. Urgency Apparent Pointing up the urgency of the situation was tie-up of railroads in Canada, bringing hardship to many communities and touching off Imove for emergency legislation to Ideal with the crisis. On Capitol Hill, Senator Morse (R.-Ore.) urged President Truman to declare what a fair settlement of the trainmen-conductor de- mands would be and to ask both sides to accept it. The dispute is over union de- mands for a 40-hour week and 31- cent hourly pay boost to replace the present 48-hour week for yard service employes, plus a pay boost for train service employes. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS For Winona and vicinity: Fair and cooler tonight; lowest 52 in the city, 48 in the country. Saturday generally fair and quite cool; high- est 75. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 80; minimum 51- noon, 61; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 13.