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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 24, 1949, Winona, Minnesota FAIR TONIGHT AND THURSDAY VOLUME 49, NO. 160 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 24, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY VELVET VOICE OF RADIO SIXTEEN PAGES The Alsops New War Threatens In Asia Washington What now clearly threatens in Asia is' nothing less than a third world war. What is needed to avert this catastrophe is to treat the situation in Asia as a warlike situation, which it is. A policy of business as usual in Asia will make a third world war inevitable. The Soviets are already direct- ing their drive for power in Asia as though it were a major war effort. The supreme commander of this effort is no less a man than V. M. Molotov. The American re- sponse to the Soviet power drive is feeble, diffuse, and lacking in di- rection. It is absolutely essential that the United States should be able to respond to every challenge rapidly, sometimes secretly, and always powerfully. This can only be done by conferring great per- sonal authority on a man of real stature whom the Congress and the country can trust. The British have already done just this, by giving great power to Malcolm MacDon- ald, high commissioner for South- east Asis. 1 Action Needed The kind of power which must be granted is suggested by the nature of the most immediate prob- lem in of finding a real- istic American course of action 'in China. The Molotov-Mao Tse Tung strategy is obvious. It is to press down to the borders of Burma and Indo-China, and link up the vast Chinese communist armies with the strong communist under- grounds these countries. If this can be done before the resistance to the communists in Burma and Indo-China Is strengthened, Burma and Indo-China will go. And they are the keys to Southeast Asia. Therefore any action which will slow the communist push south is in the vital American interest. Yet a public, official American commitment to what is left of the Chinese Nationalist governmen would in the end confront the Unit- an impossible send% troops to back up the commitment. Or we could welch on the commitment, whiich would finally destroy Amer- ican influence in Asia. Consolidation Required What is needed instead is an un- public, realistic, clandestine effort to shore up the many independent remaining centers of resistance to the communists in South China. A comparatively small investment in arms, and above all silver, astute- ly distributed, might hold up the communist push south for a long time. And a few months, even a few weeks, may spell the difference between holding Southeast Asia and Indiana Tourist Forgets Wife At Gas Station Virginia, Minn. An In- diana, tourist left his wife at a filling station yesterday and drove a hundred miles before discovering his slip. He thought she was in the back seat napping. Police and Lawrence Le Claire, the; filling station opera- tor, said this is how the tourist got his rod face: The couple, who didn't give their names or address, pulled up to the filling station. He went to the rest room; she to get some groceries. When she returned, her hus- band was still in the rest room. She took a short walk. When she came back this time, husband and car were gone. Le Claire took the woman to his home after notifying police. They waited. hours after he had driven off, hours afterhe had driven off, back sped the husband, filled with apprehension. "I discovered she wasn't with me when I turned to awaken her at the customs office in In- ternational said he. "I wasn't too said she. They continued on their fish- ing trip. ed States with choice. We could losing it. This sort of clandestine effort, which promotes American interests without publicly committing the United States, can only be success- fully undertaken if something like war time powers are granted. War time authority is also essential if the only remaining instrument of Western power in communist Chi- economic to be effectively employed. The Chinese communists must trade with the West, and they know it. Mao Tse .Tung has already an- nouned that the greedy capitalists, in their hunger for markets, will be forced to trade with him on his own terms. If the West proves him right, the West deserves to lose Asia. But there is no reason why he should be proved right. For it is quite possible so to control trade with China that the threat of a partial or complete economic blockade can become a powerful instrument of policy. Supplies Short For example, Mao Tse Tung has publicly promised "material assis- tance" to the communists in South- east Asia. If Shanghai and other big Chinese cities are not to wither away, they must have what only the West can oil, cot- ton, machinery, a dozen other com- modities. It must be made crystal clear to the communist leaders that infiltration or supplying of arms to Southeast Asia, or pres- sure on Hong Kong, or any other aggressive action beyond China's borders, will mean economic block- ade and the death of Chinese In- dustry. Thus the Chinese commu- nists can be constantly confronted with the conflict between self-inter- est and ideology which led to Ti- to's break with the kremlin, If this economic weapon is be used, firm agreement with the British Is essential. But it is also essential that Congress grant the great power necessary to control every dollar's worth of trade with China. Indeed, whatever facet of the struggle for Asia may be exa> mined it is clear that great pow- er, exercised with the speed and flexibility of war time, is wholly necessary. It is necessary, too, for a final and compelling reason. Every- where in Asia, the conviction is growing that the United States has written off not only China, .but all Asia. This conviction is Molotov's greatest single asset. Asia must be convinced, first that' the United States has no imperial ambitions, but second that Asia will not be allowed to succumb to a new So- viet imperialism. The best way to do this is to appoint a supreme commander to direct a great Amer- ican effort in Asia, and to grant him the money and the authority he must have if the Soviet drive for power in Asia is to be halted. Fires Whiplash Forest Areas By The Associated Tress Fast-moving fires whiplashed new areas of the nation's forests today. Flames were reported out of con- trol in at least three states. In other areas fires were still burning but had been checked. Fire has blackened more than 000 acres of National forest lands in Idaho, California and Montana alone so far this month. The fire conditions are considered the most critical in the past decade. i'n Idaho's National forests, an aerial survey showed fires had gained 2.000 acres in the last two days. The ames have blackened acres in the state. Winds up to 40 miles an hour sent a-forest fire in the Black Hills of South Dakota out of control. The flames swept out of the hills into the rlains country. All ivaiiable men and equipment were massed between the fire front and the town of Tilford, S. D. While western states struggled to halt the flames, forest fires also flared in northeastern United States and Canada. Maine Blaze Dangerous Maine's fire hazard was rated class State Forestry Commissioner Albert D. Nutting. Blazes were reported Roxbury and Allagash forests of northern Arrostoock county near the Canadian border and in the Flagstaff-Stratton area. More than 200 fires were scat- tered through the Canadian prov- inces of Quebec and Ontario. Yellowstone Blaze Checked Rains have checked Yellowstone park's largest fire since 1931. For- estry officials estimated the fire cov- ered acres. Earlier estimates had placed it at acres. Lyle F. Watts, chief of the U.S. Forest service, said in Washington that more than acres of Na- tional forest lands in Idaho, Cali- fornia and Montana have been burned so far this month. Losses in timber, water shed, wild life and recreational value have been tremendous, he added. Sixteen men, most of them parachutists, have died in the past three weeks while fight- ing the fires. In Idaho Payette and Boise Na- tional forests and a portion of the Sawtooth forest have been closed to vacationers because of the hazard- ous conditions. The Black Hills fire swept Armed Forces Plan Employe Slash Civilian Workers Being Discharged To Cut Spending Washington Secretary of Defense Johnson announcced today that civilian workers for the armed services will be laid off in his drive to slash military spending. Navy installations were the hard- est hit in the civilian cut. They were ordered to reduce by the Army by and Air Force 000. This program, going into effect immediately, will result in aa esti- mated saving of in the current fiscal .year ending next June 30. Then it is calculated to bring a saving of a year there- after. A total of 50 installations will be closed down, many will' be cut se- verely. Reserve Officers The number of reserve officers now on active duty will be reduced. In the next two to three months, will be returned to inactive status. Of these, are in the Army, in the Navy and in the Air Force. The full effect of the cut is'not expected to be felt until the next fiscal year beginning July 1, 1950, Johnson is reported to be aiming to hold defense spending in that year to That Would be less than proposed for the current fiscal year. The cut in employment for the Army will bring its total civilian force down to for military and civilian functions, including rivers and harbors work. The Navy reduction of will lower its civilian employment to 000. The Air Force slash of will leave At the time the reductions were made public, Johnson met with con- gressmen to tell them how their home districts will be affected. He said there is no plan to use military personnel to fill the civilian jobs. In addition to establishments in this country, military installations in Puerto Rico, Hawaii and Trinidad will feel the economy axe. Aside from the Long Beach and Brooklyn shipyards, other major cuts in civilian employment will in- clude: Army installations listed for civil- ian personnel cuts include the fol- lowing (first figure is estimated strength November 1, second figure is estimated decrease from June Minnesota (total) Du- luth engineer district 15-119; Fort Snelling national cemetery. 22 1; Minneapolis recruiting service; Min- neapolis 14-2; O. B. C. Senior state Town Heads to Meet Monday To Name Beach's Successor President Truman today signed a proclamation declaring into effect the 12-nation Atlantic pact binding North America and Western Europe in a common defense alliance. Top-ranking officials of this country and other pact nations witnessed the signing at the White House. CAP. Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald.) Fiery Ex-Minister Seeks Klah Throne Gov. Youngdahl Asks Objective Study of Fund St. Paul Governor Young- dahl today told an advisory com- mittee on investment of the state's trust funds that he wanted the study to be "purely and "without interference from the governor's office. The governor appointed a seven- member committee to explore the most efficient means of investing the many millions of dollars in various trust funds after disclosure in the Arkansas bond transactions, instructor, Minneapolis 116-2; Twin! Youngdahl has charged that the Cities arsenal St. Paul en- gineer district Wisconsin (total) IT. ger Ordnance Works U. S. Armed Forces Institute, Madison, Milwaukee: Engineer dis- trict N. Branch U. S. dis- ciplinary barracks O.R.C. state senior instructor group Wisconsin recruiting district House Votes For Recess Washington House vot- ed today to take a 25-day holiday, starting Friday and ending at noon September 21. There were only a few scattered and laughing "noes" as the recess resolution shot through on a voice vote. It now goes to the Senate, which approve it before the house acres in less than 12 hours.lcaa officially start its vacation. More than 500 men were fighting it.! senate approval was expected No injuries were reported but 15Jpromptly, even though that chain- men were caught in a gully by a her has no plans for a recess and sudden shift of the flames. All escaped. the resolution applies only to the House. minutes of the state investment board were falsified by the secre- tary, Charles Poster. After a brief initial meeting with the governor, the group met in- dependently in another room at the state capitol and elected T. A. Phillips, head of the board of the Mutual Life Insurance Company, St. Referee Proposed St. Paul The Arkansas bond controversy took a new twist today when it was learned that John F. D. Meighen of Al- bert Lea has been proposed as a referee to sit at a suggested re- moval hearing involving Charles Foster, secretary of the state in- vestment board. Attorney General Burnqnist made the proposal to the gover- nor this morning; and at a sec- ond conference this noon, the two were locked in heated dis- cussion over the matter. Meighen is a former district court judge. This Crown Fire, leaping through the tops of huge ponderosa pines in the Black Trills National forest, was burning out of control today. The flames were spreading into prairie land, endangering the town of Tilford, S. D. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Paul, as committee chairman. The group then decided to meet in ex- ecutive session in Phillips' office to "shake down the basic princi- ples" on which the study will be based. Present at the meeting in the governor's office was Richard Gol- ling, state public examiner, who has been making an investigation of the state's investments, includ- ing the Arkansas matter. 'We want constructive sugges- tions, in order to protect the state's trust the governor told the committee. "I desire this study be purely objective and without in- terference from the governor's of- fice. 'I don't want to be around for your meetings-or any part of your investigations. I want you to op- erate independently. Mr. Golling and his staff, who have been mak- ing a routine investigation, are available for' any assistance the committee might need." Investment Problem The governor also called atten- tion of the committee to another phase which has entered the pic- of the state's sur- plus funds. He asked the commit- tee to make recommendations as Montgomery, Ala. A fiery- tongued, silver-maned former Bap- tist minister reached out today ..for new power as the nation's imperial emperor of the Ku Klux Klan. Lycurgus Spinks, who recently de- scribed himself as the "fightingest buck private in the rear ranks of the has been enthroned to lead an ambitious new union of theif0rce today. Dignitaries Sign Atlantic Pact At White House By John M. Hightower Washington The 12-nation Atlantic pact binding North Ameri- ca and Western Europe in a com- mon defense alliance went into Officials Slated To Appear in Court Thursday The judicial machinery for the five accused Winona county com- missioners is ready. Tomorrow's the day. County Attorney W. Kenneth Nis- sen said today that State Public two minutes. robed order. The group has invited other Klans throughout the nation to join their organization. a- bespectacled, heavy-set orator of the old school, was selectr ed by Ku Kluxers from six states to head their combined order. The new imperial emperor, whose long, silver hair curls under his coat collar, once lived near Meridian, Miss. He ran unsuccessfully for gov- ernor there in 1946. The 64-year-old Spinks boasts he has been a klansman-for more than a quarter of a century. Robed and masked, about 60 Klan leaders from Alabama, Mississippi, Missouri, Arkansas, Tennessee and Louisiana met yesterday in private in a Montgomery hotel room. Only Spinks was bare faced. They met within a few blocks of the state capital, where legislators recently enacted a law banning masks or hoods in public. Spinks says the new organization has members. Included among the groups join- The historic moment came when President Truman signed a procla- mation declaring the treaty to be in hearing to determine whether there effect. Top-ranking officials of this country and most of the 11 other pact nations witnessed the sign- ing at a White House ceremony. Although the alliance was frank- ly formed under the threat of Rus- sian aggression, Mr. Truman said ter-sitting for Judge Karl Flnkeln- in a statement "no nation need fear the results" of the co-operation of the Western powers. "This is a momentous occasior not only for all the signatories ol the Mr, Truman said, "but for all peoples Who share our pro- found desire for stability and peace- ful development. "By this treaty we are not only seeking to establish freedom from aggression and from the use of force in the North Atlantic community but we are also actively striving to promote and preserve peace through- Standing immediately behind Mr. ing yesterday were the Impendent Truman at the big desk in his oval Klans Seashore Klans Osark Klans, ff H Bonnet the arKaIRlver VaUey pledges the 12 allies to strike back in the case of an attack against any one of .them. Already representatives of these 12 nations are at work at the State department planning for- the first "denouncer meeting of the council of the At- a grand jury, denounce uie tin rob. Allied Klans: Not included wefe the Federated Ku Klux Klans, Inc.; principal tar- gets of Alabama officials, and the Association of Georgia Klans. Spinks, who now lives at Thomas- ville, Ala., said an organization cam- paign would be begun in all 48 states and that "all legitimate Klan groups" would be welcomed. Meanwhile, "William Hugh Morris, chief of the Alabama Klans who is now in jail >at Birmingham for re- fusing to reveal Klan membership to a grand jury, denounced the new organization as being "the idea of one or two men." Morris said he did not think it would last long. The imperial emperor attacked government bureaucracy in accept- ing the Klan leadership and said, "Bureaucracy is the graveyard in which mutilated and crucified bodies of American liberty and free- dom are being buried." He said the organization would sponsor "wholesome and oppose such proposed legislation as may be designed to defeat the in- terest of the people as a whole." A spokesman in Atlanta said the Association of Georgia Klans could take no steps toward affiliation with Spink's outfit until a new leader is chosen to take the place of the late Dr. Samuel Green, imperial wizard of the Georgia Ku Kluxers. Hope Wanes For Boy Lost McGregor, Minn. Hope fad- ed fast today as 300 Minnesota Na- Guardsmen moved into the ern forestland. if no trace of the lad is uncovered ;oday, "he will never be found." to procedures in investing the idle wilderness Saturday while hunting Dine cones on his grandparents' farm with an older brother and sister. funds, as authorized by the 1949 legislature. The governor then emphasized Guardsmen and several hundred that his primary desire was to civilian volunteers have concen- trated their efforts in a five mile area around the farm. protect the funds for the purposes for which they have been set up." French. ambassador. Bonnet had just deposited his country's "instrument of ratifica- tion" by which the French govern- ment formally notified the Ameri- can government that it adhered to signed last April 4, the pact. The treaty alliance_ prob. ably will be convened in Washing- ton along about the middle of next month. Chiang Fights Move to Quit Canton Chiang Kai-shek today flew to Chungking in an ap- parent attempt to foil any secret agreements between warlords of Szechwan and the communists. Chiang's flight apparently was one of great urgency. He postponed a meeting of the Kuomintang par- ty's emergency council to make it. Szechwan's warlords are known to be eager to keep their fences mended at all times. They have been at odds with Chang Chun, commander of the Nationalists in Southwest China. His jurisdiction embraces the prov- inces of Dzechwan, Kweichow, Yun- nan and Sikang. Rumors here are current Chang wishes to resign. Chiang, these ru- threatened from within and with- out. In Central China the Nationalists mv Lieutenant Colonel William John- "reports of son, Guard commander, said that successes. Chiang named a new army chief during the day. General Pai Chung-hsi, corn- Larry was swallowed up in the mander in Central China, announced his counter-offensive had rolled on- to two new victories'over the com- munists on both eastern and west- ern flanks of Hengyang. This is the Hunan province defense bastion 265 miles north of Canton on the Can- ton-Hankow railway Chairmen to Convene Wednesday To Fill Roberton's Vacancy; Other Two Decline to Resign By Adolph Bremer Notices were served today on six township chairmen to meet next Monday for the selection of a commissioner to succeed Fifth District Commissioner William K. Beach, one of two Winona county commis- sioners who resigned yesterday. Resigning with Beach at a special hurry-up meeting of the board of county commissioners was Its chairman Fred J. Roberton, commis- sioner from the fourth district. They are two of the four present commissioners accused by State Public Examiner Richard A. Goll- ing of "bribery and corruption." The remaining Dis- trict Commissioner Carl J. Goetz- man and Third District Commis- sioner August H. Gensmer, clined to resign and Indicated there- by that they will fight the charges to be brought against them Thurs- day. Shakes Head 'I have nothing like that In Gensmer said after Beach and Roberton had offered their res- ignations, and Goetzman merely shook his head. The 3 o'clock yester- day no more than For nearly an hour and a half the commissioners had been sitting as members of the county welfare board. After its adjournment, sev- eral commissioners left the corn- Examiner Richard A. Coiling, the accuser, will be in Winona at 9 a.m. tomorrow to sign complaints against the five accused.________________ The complaints, said the county mlssioners' room. One of them was attorney, will charge various Beach, who walked into County "phases of bribery." He added that Auditor Richard Schoonover's of- It would be improper to reveal the specific charges before the Winona municipal court arraignment, scheduled for about a.m. Mr. Nissen said that he would personally, or through the defend- ants' attorneys, request the com- missioners to be present, and that no warrants would be issued if they do appear. At the arraignment before Mun- icipal Judge E. D. Libera, the com- missioners cannot enter a plea, but they can request a preliminary is sufficient evidence to bind them over to district court. If they waive 'this preliminary hearing, the commissioners will be immediately bound over to district court in the courthouse, where Dis- trict Judge Vernon Gates, Roches- fice, and told him he wanted t meeting. With the commissioners all back in the room, Beach explained that he wanted a meeting so that he could quit. A motion was passed to title statutory requirement for a ten- day notice of the special meeting. First to Resign Beach was the first to resign: "I called for the meeting to tender my resignation to the board." After a moment's silence, Rob- erton added: "Yes, I tMnlr I will. burg-will hold court at 11 a.m. World War II Vet May Head Legion Ranks Philadelphia A veteran of World War II may be named na- tional commander of the American Legion at the organization's 31st annual convention here next week. Four of the six candidates for the post are World War EC veter- ans. Three opened campaign offices yesterday for the election to take place September 1. A Legion spokesman said nation- al chieftains are ready to transfer the command to 32-year-old James F. Green, of Omaha, Neb. Green was defeated for national com- mander a year ago by Ferry Brown, Beaumont, Texas. Green's principal opponents are expected to' be George M. Craig, Brazil, lawyer, and Erie Cocke, Jr., 28-year-old commander of the department of Georgia. Donald R. Wilson, partner in De- fense Secretary Louis Johnson's law office, is the fourth World War n veteran with his hat in the Le- gion ring. He is from Clarksburg, W. Va. The World War I candidates are Arthur J. Commel, Legion national committeeman from Connecticut, and James F. Daniel, Greenville, s. c. Truman Plans Three Flights Washington President Tru- man is planning to make three.air- plane flights on Labor day Septem- ber 5, concluding them with Ms first visit home to Missouri since Christmas. His schedule for that day as now planned calls for flights: From Washington to Pittsburgh for an address around noon to the Allegheny county free fair. From Pittsburgh to Des Moines, Iowa, to address the annual conven- ;ion of the Amvets, an organiza- tion of veterans of World War II. This address will be made in the afternoon. From Des Moines to Missouri, af- ter the Amvets talk, to spend a cou- ple of nights at his home, in In- lependence, where Mrs. Truman and daughter Margaret are spending their vacation. Mr. Truman is going to Philadel- phia next Monday to address the innual convention of the American Legion, too." Goetzman and Gensmer declined to join in the walkout, but Goetz- man, apparently briefed on the res- ignations, was ready with the mo- tion to accept the resignations "if that is their intention." First District Commissioner Teo- fil Pellowski, who alone escaped attention in Golling's report, was asked to second, but declined, say- ing "I'd rather leave that to you four." So Gensmer seconded it, the mo- tion was passed, and the meeting was. adjourned. Within a few minutes Schoonover was preparing the notices for the boards of appointment. The board that will name the successor to Beach will meet at 10 a.m. Monday in the Auditor's office, while the board that will select the successor to Roberton will meet at 10 a.m. next Wednesday in his office. Long Service The resignations ended long ser- vice on the board for both Beach and Roberton. Beach, who has been chairman of the board, has been commissioner since 1933, while Roberton has been commissioner since 1940, whetf he was appointed to fill an unexpired term. Their successors will be appoint- ed to unexpired terms. Roberton's four-year term will expire the first Tuesday after the first Monday in January, 1951, and Beach's in Jan- uary, 1953. i Beach is 64 years old, Rob- erton 71. After their resignations had been accepted yesterday afternoon, Beach and Roberton stayed a full half hour, talked with Goetzman and cleaned out the contents of their drawers in the commission- ers' table. talkative as Roberton is out that he was leaving the key to the county gar- 'So if they get in there and something, don't say that age, steal Beach did it." No Statement However, he declined to make any statement about the charges Drought by Gelling, who reported that Beach admitted receiving be- tween and in bribes on equipment deals. He did think that you've had enough about us in the paper al- ready." He felt the same way about a last picture "with the boys." Roberton was similarly reticent to talk, apparently unwilling to quarrel with Golling's report. Ac- cording to Golling's report he has admitted nothing. He did recall the first day he (Continued, on Page 13, Column 2.) TOWNSHIP c WEATHER FEDERAL FOBECASTS Winona and tonight and Thursday with moderate temp- erature. Low tonight 68; high Thursday 86. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 95; minimum, 66; noon, 91; precipitation, 0; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on Page 13. ;