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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 23, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Sunday, Warmer Sunday VOLUME 52, NO. 160 Chiefs vs. Waseca Tonight and Sunday KWNO AM-FM SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, AUGUST 23, 1952 FOURTEEN PAGES Nation in Need of Leaders By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON As one of these reporters leaves Washing- ton to cover the campaign, it is perhaps permissible to take stock of this campaign's true meaning. Maybe it is heretical to say so, but this meaning is emphatically not conveyed by any of the current slogans "It's time for a change" "Don't let them take it away" and so on. Halting bureaucratic encroach- ment, cleaning up the mess in Washington, conserving social gains and the other things candi- dates talk about in campaign time, are no doubt very important. But they are not nearly so important as the survival of this Republic, which will be the chief problem of the next president of the United States. In two previous reports in this space, an attempt has been made to suggest why the survival of this Republic may be a more pressing problem for the next president than for any of his predecessors, even including Abraham Lincoln. One is tempted to continue the do- cumentation. Problem of Korea Take, for instance, the problem of Korea, or "Truman's as some of the Republicans call it If we had not answered the aggres- sive challenge in Korea, the whole of the Far East and a good part of Europe as well would undoubted- ly be in Communist hands today, But although this horrible alterna-' live has been avoided, the alter- natives which now confront us arc far from attractive. We cannot resume the offensive in Korea, because our national strength is not sufficient. We can- not build greater national strength without going on a full-war basis. We cannot expect the enemy to sign a truce unless punishment it worth his while to do so. And we cannot sign a truce of surrender ourselves. Hence, we are reduced for the present to such expedients as taking the prisoner- of-war issue into the United Na- tions, in hopes of getting some help from world opinion. This is not the kind of equation that any president is likely to enjoy solving. Yet the Korean equation is easier to solve, or at least less fearful in its implications, than the problem of the economic and political strains within the Western alliance; or the problem of the pressures and other weak points on the peri- phery such as Iran and Indo-China; or above all, the problem of the world balance of military power. Tough Job Who would wish to assume the presidency at a time when the So- viet Union is rapidly acquiring the power to deliver a crippling atomic attack on this country, while this country is equally rapidly losing the power to retaliate in kind? What president would wish to order the tremendous emergency mea- sures perhaps the total mobili- zation of the entire electronics in- dustry, for example which may be needed to rebuild cur air de- Democrat Accuses Ike of Puttins GOP Above Right, Wrong By WARREN ROGERS JR. WASHINGTON (1ft A Democratic party leader today accused Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Republican presidential nominee, of plac- ing "party responsibility above any questions of right or wrong." "This is a peculiar way to lead a said a statement by Rep Michael J. Kirwan, of Ohio, chairman of the Democratic Na- tional Congressional Committee. Kirwan's blast was one of a volley of hoots exchanged by leaders of both major parties amid confusion over how much the GOP s J f _ presidential election nominees would support Sen. Joseph R, Mc- Carthy of Wisconsin. Eisenhower and Sen. Richard M, Nixon of California, GOP vice- presidential candidate, in separate statements yesterday pledged sup- port to McCarthy if he is renomi- nated. Explains Views Nixon told a reporter in Wash- ington he and Eisenhower, by backing McCarthy, would not necessarily be endorsing his views jand methods. At a Denver news conference, Eisenhower qualified the endorse- ment even further. He said he would support McCarthy as a Re- publican but would not "campaign for or give blanket endorsement to any man who does anything I be- lieve to be un-American in its me- thods or procedures." Kirwan and Sen. A. S. Mike Mon- roney, of Oklahoma, chairman of the Democratic Campaign Speak- ers Bureau, quickly hopped on those statements. Sen. Karl Mundt of South Dakota, Monrpney's coun- terpart in the Republican organi- zation, was just as quick to fire back. Monroney said he did not -see how Eisenhower cpuld "swallow" McCarthy's criticism of Gen. George C. Marshall. Kirwan took up Eisenhower's heated statement that he had no Massachusetts Youth, 18, Wins JC Car Road-e-o By ARTHUR EDSON WASHINGTON (a You can re- lax now, men. A steady-nerved 18- year-old boy is the teen-age auto- mobile driving champion. Those girls some men feared might win and humiliate the male race were far behind. Martin G. Desilets of Longmea- dow, Mass., who can drive a car unswervingly down a line and then back straight along it, too won the first national teen-age Road-e-o title yesterday with an amazing display of control and driving skill, 34 Other Champs He defeated 34 other state cham- pions including two girls by piling up 801.18 points out a pos- sible That's 27 points better patience" with people who criticize than the runnerup: Milton J. Va-jhis former Army boss and bene- Ike Explains Support of Sen. McCarthy Only Nominal Backing Assured Wisconsin Solon verek of Pontiac, Mich. factor, Gen. Marshall. who has been driving for j two years and five months, fin- ished the way a champion should. He started out only, so-so on the written tests, but when it came to chief of staff and former secretary of state with an alleged world- wide conspiracy to weaken the United States and strengthen Rus- sia. testing driving skills, he was su-j general believes that Gen. perb. He scored 375.70 points out of a possible 400, far ahead of anyone else in this department. The simplest looking test proved to be the hardest. It consisted of driving a car in a straight line, j Marshall is a great Kir wan said in a statement, "so he says he will support Sen. McCar- thy, who has sought to besmirch the character of Gen. Marshall. Decent and Fair '.'The general believes in being and stopping it so that the bumper 'decent, fair and just' so he says that he will support a man who does not meet those standards be- cause he believes in party respon- and then the wheels would be inches from a finish line. Almost all contestants had trou- ble with this, losing as high as two-thirds of their points here. Des- ilets was almost perfect. sibility." Monroney leveled his statement at Nixon, accusing the Californian In the celebrated tennis ball test, of "begging the question which a driver had to drive a "It isn't a question of a differ- in which a driver had to drive a car between balls set so closely together only an inch and a half clearance was left on each side, the champ did all right, too. He knocked off only four. ence in political views or even a difference over McCarthy's met- Monroney said. "What is at issue is the vile, scurrilous attack McCarthy made in the Senate on His reward: A George C. Marshall, who sponsored Eisenhower's rise from which he'll use at the University of Virginia. No Novelty Vaverek got a S500 scholarship. Fighting through to victory is no novelty for him incidentally. He was a victim of polio which left one of his legs shorter than the a colonel to a five-star general." Monroney added: "If Eisenhower swallows that be- cause of the Republican party la- bel, people who respect decent, human loyalties will have just cause to wonder what kind of UIJC Ul 1113 1CKS O11U1 UJ111 UH- j other. But he proved that need be Eisenhower intends to no insurmountable obstacle. Other winners: Kenneth McGarr, Akron, Ohio, third, scholarship; Ed Miller, head." ?e- State College, Pa., fourth, fense and restore our effective scnolarship; and Dale P. Hopkins, striking power? What president would wish to reveal this new trend St. Albans, Va., fifth, scholar- ship. in our affairs to the country and file contest, sponsored jointly the world? by the National Junior Chamber of Such are the choices, nonethe- less, which will unavoidably con- front the next president. This alone gives quite sufficient meaning to this truly portentous campaign and to the election which will be its climax. But this is far from being all of this campaign's meaning. Commerce and the Liberty Mutual Insurance Company, is aimed at teaching youngsters the importance of skillful driving. Oh, yes, the girls. There had been considerable worry among some males lest the girls should come in first and give women enough The masters of a free society, backseat driving ammunition to after all, are the members of the jasj a lifetime. But Gay Holleron of Houston and Claudette Westerfield of Menden- hall. Miss., wound up out of the running, 23rd and 30th respectively. Claudette won the u n o f f i- cial honesty award, though. "I ran right through a stop sign on my road she reported. "I didn't even see it." society the people, the elector- ate, or what you will. By the same token, the efficient working of a free society wholly depends upon the interest, the understanding, the degree of information of its mas- ters. If the people do not under- stand the society's problems, if they blind to its needs and un- aware of its dangers, they will not support the measures that must be taken to preserve and defend the society. That is our con- dition today. Fault in Leadership By a curious fault in leadership, j a situation with a touch of night- mare in it has now been produced. The menaces, the dangers, the problems above-listed truly and de- monstrably exist. They are not mere figments of lurid reportorial imagination. They are there, and they cannot be wished away. But in some cases their existence has been elaborately concealed, while in others their purport has not been explained. So that at this moment, if any one uses such a phrase as "the survival of this he is suspected of mild hysteria. Leadership, leadership and more leadership is therefore the central need of this country leadership to acquaint the members of the American society with their true situation; leadership to point the best way out; leadership to organ- ize the ensuing effort. The mean- ing of this campaign is that it will determine what leadership Ameri- ca will have. Burglar Holds St. James Girl Captive ST. JAMES, Minn, (.fl A 12- year-old girl, staying home with a younger brother, was tied to a chair with dishtowels by "a terri- ble green-eyed" intruder who went through the house and took about S9 in cash Friday night, Police Chief H. S, Strommer said he was told. The girl, Kathleen Hackett, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Gerald Hackett, was staying with a 15- month-old brother, Dick, while the parents and two other sons went to the Watonwan County Fair. Martin Desileti of Longmeadow, Mass., left, winner of the first annual Junior Chamber of Commerce Teen-Age Road-e-o, chats with second place winner Milton Vaverek of Pontiac, Mich., after trophies were presented in Washington, D. C. (AP Wirepboto to The Republican-Herald) By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH DENVER D. Eisen- hower says he would support Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy as a Repub- lican nominee but will withhold blanket endorsement from "any man who does anything I believe to be un-American." The Republican presidential nominee's associates said privately meant Eisenhower will give only nominal backing of McCarthy if tie Wisconsin senator is renom- inated. The anti-Communist crusader's name came up in a news confer- ence late yesterday after Eisen- i bower's attention was called to a statement by his vice presidential running mate, Sen. Richard M. Nixon of California. Nixon told a Washington reporter he and Eisen- hower will support McCarthy, if renominated, without necessarily endorsing his views and methods. Looks Angry Eisenhower took on the look of an angry man when reporters, prodding for details after his ini- tial response, asked what he thought of McCarthy's accusations against Gen. George C. Marshall. The Wisconsin lawmaker, in a sen- ate speech, linked Marshall, Eisen- hower's World War II superior and one-time secretary of state, to what he called a "conspiracy" aimed at weakening the United States and strengthening Russia. Eisenhower got to his feet and, in hot terms, described Marshall as a patriot and "a man of real selflessness." i "I have no Eisenhow- er said, "with anyone who can find in his record of service for this country anything to criticize." The first thing Eisenhower said about Nixon's statement was: "I would say to you that I would (Continued on Page 10, Column 3.) EISENHOWER Texas Governor Quizzes Adlai On States Rights By DON WHITEHEAD SPRINGFIELD, 111. Gov. Adlai Stevenson faced a sharp quiz- zing today from Texas' Gov. Allan 'Shivers on whether he favors fed- eral or state control of the nation's rich off-shore oil deposits. Shivers was due here for a con- ference with the Democratic presi- dential nominee at 10 a.m. EST. Their talk could have heavy politi- cal repercussions in Texas and other states fighting for control of their so-called tidelands oil re- sources. Stevenson returned to his head- quarters here last night from a three-day rest in the seclusion of a friend's home in Minocqua, Wis. Feels Fine "I feel he told reporters. And then he quipped: "I am par- tially restored to health. I got a lot of sun and a lot of rest." j Asked about the fish he caught, j Stevenson confessed: "I didn't j catch any." i GOP presidential nominee i Dwight D. Eisenhower has said he I would favor legislation by Congress j restoring full control of the tide- j Hands oil deposits to the states. j The Supreme Court has ruled that the federal government holds "paramount interest" in the off- shore deposits. But the states rights proponents have continued to fight against the decision undisputed state control through legislation. Such legislation has been passed by Congress twice, and twice it has been vetoed by President Truman, Stevenson has not yet taken a clear and unqualified stand on the tidelands question. He has said that he does not favor any private in- terests gaining control of such fed- eral properties as grazing lands, national forests, and the like. But he also has said that he wants to know more about the tide- lands question and for that rea- son would like to discuss the mat- ter with Shivers. Other Callers Among the other callers on the governor's calendar for the day were three of Kansas' leading Democratic leaders T. Anderson, national committeernan; Mrs. Georgia Clark, national com- mitteewdman; and John Young, Kansas state Democratic chair- man. Stevenson also was scheduled to see Beardsley Ruml of New York, recently named finance chairman for the Democratic National Com- mittee. Ruml was author of the pay-as-you go income tax collec- tion plan. John E. Nickelson of Chicago, representing the American Bar As- sociation, and Frank G. Dickinson of Chicago, representing the Amer- ican Medical, Association, also were listed as callers. in ew 2 Kill California Quake T A Policeman Stands guard at the rear of the Kern County Equipment Co. in Bakersfield, Calif., after Friday's earthquake almost demolished the 32 injured, Damage Goes Into Millions Heart of Tremor In Bakersfield Business Action BAKERSFIELD, Calif. OR A second major earthquake in a lit- tle over a month struck Bakers- field yesterday, killing two per- sons, injuring 32 and causing pro- perty damage which may total millions of dollars. The dead are Mrs. Edna Led- better, 26, of nearby McFarland, caught under the collapsing roof of a store in which she was shopping and George Patman Cozby, 67, a Southern Pacific Railroad engine- man of Bakersfield. He was trapped in the wreckage of the Kern County Equipment Company. More than 100 city blocks in the business districts of Bakersfteld. and East Bakersfield, hardest hit by the quake, were roped off. Hardly a business block in the en- tire city of population es- caped damage. Disaster Area City Manager C. Leland Gunn declared Bakersfield a disaster area and proclaimed a state of emergency. The County Board of Supervisors put all county depart- ments on an emergency basis and arranged for county offices to be transferred from the courthouse, already damaged in the July 21 quake, to tents on a nearby park- ing lot. Brick and metal cornices top- pled from many business build- ings, and the walls of others ST PAUL (Jfi Close to one million visitors were expected as Min- crashed down into the streets or nesota'went on parade today for its annual state fair. Ont0 nearby structures. Everything from the makings for an atom bomb to whirligig rides on the big Midway was in order when the gates swung open for the 10- day run, ending on Labor Day. Every square inch of the sprawl- ing grounds was covered with ex- hibits and entertainment fea- tures to make the 1952 exposition one of the best ever, said Doug- las Baldwin, fair secretary. ''All we need for a record crowd of happy customers is a break i from the weather Baldwin i commented. Sole flaw in an otherwise com- plete show of the state's wares was the absence of a swine exhibit. j Such a display was ruled out as a j precaution against spread of the hog disease, vesicular exanthema. building. When the roof caved in Pat Cosby, a salesman, was crushed to death. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Million Expected As State Fair Opens The Clock Tower at Bakers- field, Calif., which has been a land mark of distinction for 46 years, was severly damaged in yesterday's earthquake. The face of the clock on the side shown was shattered and crashed to the street. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) But the space thus released af- forded wider showings of cattle, sheep and horses. Draft Won't Hit Fathers Until Next Summer NEW YORK Sen'- _ _ ice Director Lewis B. Hershey said 140 million dollars. At least four churches, some of them already damaged in the July quake, suffered from yesterday's shock. At least one schoolhouse was so badly damaged the school i board ordered it closed. The j board will make a survey of pos- sible damage to other school build- ings before the opening of classes j Sept. 8. Unlike last month's quake, near- by communities reported no casu- alties or serious damage from yes- terday's temblor. The July shock caused 11 deaths at Tehachapi, 40 miles from here, and three else- where, with total damage through- out the affected area estimated at Friday that the draft is "not going to take fathers until next summer." he added, "next summer Judges scurried about Friday in gotag to have to take some, a final rush to affix blue, red and j purple ribbons to such varied or else decrease the armed hibits as Red River Valley spuds! forces." and pastries from the kitchens of I He told the American Legion's j national security commission that Twin City housewives. That the state's orchard and gar- den harvest has been bountiful was attested in near-record numbers of canned goods, from spiced crab- apples to sweet corn and pickled beets. U.S. Jets Shoot Down 22 MIGs in 26 Days "we'd be lucky to get of the fathers who might California Institute of Technology seismologists said the magnitude of the latest shock was 6, com- pared with 7.5 for the July temblor. They placed the epicenter of yes- terday's jolt only five to eight miles from here, along the Kern River fault. The July 21 quake centered at least 20 miles away, along the Bear Mountain fault. The scientists said yesterday's temblor was a sort of "sympathetic qualify under selective service j reaction" to the July 21 shock, laws Various deferments and I which was followed by r.umerous screening tests which they might i aftershocks, some of them damag- fail "either becuase they know too j ing. little or because they know too j Automobiles Bounced much" would cut the number j Of the 32 injured, only six were available, Hershey said. hospitalized after treatment. He noted that in the year ending j Jim Day, managing editor of the next June 30 the armed forces j Eakersfield Californian. said that By WILLIAM C. BARNARD SEOUL, Korea Wi The U. S. Fifth Air Force jubilantly an- nounced today that in the first 22 days of August, U. N. Sabre jet pilots shot down 26 Russian-built jets in aerial battles over North Korea in which only one Allied plane was downed. The North Korean radio violently Friday to the intensified Allied aerial effort. A Pyongyang broadcast, heard in Tokyo, called for an immediate halt to what was called "murder- ous American bombing of ci- vilians." The U, S. Air Force said, how- would need men. Dog Bite Leaves Girl in Bad Shape MINNEAPOLIS I.T> when the quake hit with a great rumbling sound, automobiles "bounced up and down on the I streets and people bounced as they i walked along." It lasted just 10 seconds, he added. I "Automobile traffic stopped al- I most Day said. Almost I "People left their cars to stand in An Air Force spokesman said j ever, civilians were urged with the record "represents what is pro- leaflets to evacuate target areas bably the most clean-cut victory prjor to tne two big Allied raids of the Korean War. The near-1 jast Thursday and Friday. est thing I find to it is for the entire month of last June, when 22 MIGs were shot down and only one Sabre jet was shot down." The new total followed today's report that Sabre pilots shot down three MIGs the past week without losing a single plane. Six Commu- nist jets were damaged, making a total 29 MIGs crippled during August. The Air Force said. however, The broadcast called Gen. Mart, Clark "the American executioner" and the Far East Air Forces "Tru- man's butchers." Far East Air Forces announced Allied pilots have shot down Red planes during the war, against 753 losses. The figures do not in- clude Navy carrier-based planes, OnHhe ground, U. N. soldiers drove back seven Red probes Fri- day and today including threo two Sabres and four other U. N. I at Allied-held Bunker Hill, the planes failed to return from mis- sions the past week. Two propeUor- driven planes were downed by anti- aircraft fire. Loss of the others was unexplained. This made a to- tal of 17 U. N. planes lost during August, but only one in air com- bat. The swift Sabres kept Commu nist fighters from interfering with piles ail along the front Fr The bomb raids were partf stepped-up campaign, discroS ly this week by the-chief of the Far East Naval Forces, fav.hifrj.he Reds where it hurts most. scene of bloody fighting a week ago. Honeywell Workers Split Back Pay MINNEAPOLIS Some. employes of Minneapolis- Honey- scalped when bitten on the face the street and look around them. I and head by a large dog, an If: saw no hysteria, I heard no months old'Minneapolis girl was j screams. in critical condition at Fairvicw "People streamed from the side- Hospital today. i walks and from stores and other Sixty-five stitches were necessar? buildings and raced to the center to close wounds on Barbara Anne of the street. There_ they; stopped Bazinet, daughter of and Mrs. Robert Bazinet. Barbara was eating a cookie on the street when the dog bit her. Police impounded j windows. and looked around them and wait- ed. Bricks were falling and broken. glass was spraying shattered the animal. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST by the regional Wage Stabilization Board. The increases retroac- tive-to date of A few seconds later, when the temblor had stopped and the rum- bling was an echo, I saw injured people stagger into the street. By I then the dust had begun to rise. It was a great pall of gray dust in itself, a terrifying thing. This Winona and Vicinity Generally j had been a bright, sunny day, and fair tonight and Sunday. Not so cool tonight, warmer Sunday. Low tonight 55, high Sunday 84. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for 24 hours ending at 12 m. Maximum, 53; noon; 74; rione; sun sets.tonight to- "t f AIRPORT WEATHER Max. 50 at a.m. Noon none, wind 10 miles from southwest, hum- idity 69 barometer 30.26, falling. Additional weither on Page 3. this dust rose and blotted out the sun and sky." Car Rolls Over, Misses Baby Boy KENOSHA wv- Three-year-old David McKenzie escaped with a few bruises Friday irtien a neigh- bor drove her car 01 er him as he' hid-in a pile of he ivy furniture wrapping paper in the street. of the wheels of the car guided by Mrs. Donald Ruppa touched the lad, who later re- marked at the hospital: "I almost be dead." ;