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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 23, 1950, Winona, Minnesota MUCH COOLER TONIGHT, THURSDAY VOLUME 50, NO. 159 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 23 1950 The Proof of FM Superiority Is In the Listening TWENTY PAGES TODAY- Victory Requires Training By Joseph Alsop Tokyo The best way this report can begin is with a curious recent experience of the reporters. At the front that morning, a crack Marine battalion was sorely hurt: and temporarily pinned down byj the sudden appearance of the ene- my on a seemingly unscaleable mountain crest on the flank. Later, other units were similarly harassed. And all day long the North Koreans also demonstrated their knack of omnipresence on the main supply road, with occasional road blocks and sniper fire that still punctuated the jeep trip to the rear in the dusk. That evening, glancing through a pocket edition of Plutarch, this rive on Taegu Repelled By The Associated Press In primary elections in three states yesterday, most of the "ins" stayed in, or with the still "the Ibeln8 counted, looked likely to win troubles of the Roman republican .elr races for renomination, Incumbents Hold Primary Lead In Three States N. Y. to Pick Governor, Senate Foes at Conventions general. Meteilus, with the wild Iberian tribes in Spain. Nearly In all, candidates were picked for 54 House seats in New York, 000 years ago, the old Wyoming and Dela. wrote in part as follows: jware. "Metellus had had experience ini Conventions September 6 battles fought by regular legions of and 7 wi" name New York's can soldiers, fully armed and drawn up in due order, admirably trained for encountering and overpowering an enemy who came to close com- bat, but entirely unfit for climb- ing among the hills, and compet- ing incessantly with the rwift" at- tacks and retreats of fleet moun- taineers, or to endure hunger and thirst, or to live exposed to wind didates for governor and U. S. sen- ator. Only five out of New York's 45i congressmen faced opposition inl yesterday's balloting. Winning renomination were Vet- eran Upstate Republicans W. Ster- ling Cole of the 39th district and Clarence E. Kilburn of the 34th. and Democrat Louis B. Heller of and weather, without fire or cov- ertag." In the forcfolng- passage, yoa may simply substitute the name of Lieutenant General Walton H. Walker for that of his Roman predecessor, Metel- lus. You will then have the most succinct possible state- ment of one of our main dif- ficulties In Korea today. The Marines above-mentioned had actually been trained In moun- tain war, but most of the troops thus far available to Walker have been trained on occupation duty. Until they have been fighting for a while, a good many of the men and even officers would literally rath- er die than climb a hill, and this in a country in which every key position is on a hill or mountain. Meanwhile, this age-old advan- tage of the Iberian over ibe Ro- ._ the seventh in Brooklyn. Democrat Joseph L. Pfeifer, who has represented Brooklyn's eighth for 16 years was defeated by a political newcomer Attorney tor L. Anfuso. j Representative Edwin A. Hall's bitter four-way fight for Republi- can renomination in the 37th was undecided. With 213 of 232 pre- cincts counted, Hall led Lester R. Mosher by 108 to 15 494. Unofficial returns from other states showed: Mississippi: Representative Ar- thur Winstead (fifth) apparently won the Democratic renomination, ]s the same thing as elec-l ion in four op-1 Jonents. Representative John Bell Wil- !ams, (seventh) the state's only ther congressman with opposition, was renominated easily. A run-off September 12 between man legionary the Indian over tate Senators Prank Smith and thft Nnrtn ltnrpft.Yis _jit _i-i___.-_- ai-_ the over our men, is North Koreans a major factor in any calculation of the odds in Korea. Transport-less North Kore- an divisions today have far more mobility in the actual zone ol com- bat. Time, training and bitter ex- perience can also correct this sit- uation. What is worse, the main prob- lem will only Just be reached when this special advantage of the en- emy has at last been overcome. In the matter of the main problem of how we can take the offensive Oscar Wolfe will determine the victor for the seat of Representa- tive Will M. Whittington (third dis- trict) who is retiring. With 129 out of 135 precincts in, Smith had 627 votes to Wolfe's A third candidate, Lomax Lamb, Jr., had Wyoming: Representative Frank) A, Barrett Was well out in front! of three opponents for the Republi-j can nomination for governor, with! about half the precincts reported. Former Representative John J. Mclntyre was ahead of two op- Desiyn Of The Exterior Of The New Cathedral Of The Sacred be con- structed on Main street at Wabasha been completed by the architects. Details or the blueprints are still incomplete. Facing; Main street, the Cathedral will be 191 feet long and 60 feet wide. It will extend from Main street to within four feet of the present Pro-Cathedral. No details of construction can be announced regarding the type of stone, glass and other materials, until blueprints have been completed and bids advertised and received. John J. Flad Associates, Madison, Wis., are archi- tects lor the building. Establishment of the Sacred Heart parish, which will amal- gamate the present parishes of St. Thomas and St. Joseph, was voted unanimously by the consultora of the diocese of Winona at a meeting in Rochester February 23. Articles of incorporation have been, prepared. Present are His Excellency, the Most Rev. Edward A. Fitzgerald, bishop of the diocese, president and pastor; the Very Rev. Joseph P. Hale, vicar general and pastor of St. Joseph's parish, vice-presi- dent; the Rt. Rev. Robert E. Jennings, pastor of St. Thomas parish, treasurer; Chester A. Fockens, secretary, and Carlus E. Walter, member. The 15 Isymen who serve on an advisory committee are from both the St. Thomai and St. Joseph Thej' are Frank Boland, Leo Curran, Karl Conrad, Leonard Dernek, E. P. ESertx, Charles Fischer, E. J. Hartert, E. D. Libera, Arnold Mayer, August D. Meier, Marvin Meier, Leo F. Murphy, Joseph. Page, V. A. Schneider P. Bulijvan. KepubHecir-Herald pholo Heavier U. S. Tanks Malik's Speech IRailmen to Avoid in Korea, all correspondents no- ponents for the Democratic nom- tice the same singular phenome- non, when they make necessary trips from the front to the Surpass Russ Foes By C. 1'ates McDanie] for tank, the heavier American models now fighting in Korea were reported today to be more than a match for the best the Communists have thrown against them. Army officials who made this claim also said.a new light tank gun the House whjch wi" shortly should be able to "handle any Russian ination for governor. mand post to forward headquarters city, in order to to this drepry send off copy. The further from the front you get, the more hopeful grows the forecasts, until you reach Tokyo and they talk of victory by Christmas. This makes you wonder Just who has gone mad. Certainly, unless the Pentagon D ceitine; ready to unveil its once House seat. (Wyo- ming's only one) State Represent- ative William H. Harrison led Mondovi Soldier Wounded in Korea Homer Oxley for the Republican vote and John B. Clark was com- fortably ahead of other Democratic candidates. Delaware: Delaware Democrats! picked Henry Winchester of Bran-1 jdywine hill as the party's candi-j Mondovi, Wis. A I date against Republican Repre-i Mondovi soldier is a casualty of the jsentative J. Caleb Boggs, Like Ko Is Wyoming, Delaware has only one! He is Private First Class Edward Mahlum, 20, son of Mr. and Mrs. Selmer Mahlum, Mondovi route two. Private Mahlum, in combat, was shot in the hand and is now prob- ably in a hospital in Tokyo. In a medium tank." Much of thg Korean Reds' early success was attributed to superior tanks. United States forces had few tanks and frontline dispatches reported that the General Chaffee, the first American mode! used there, was no match for the sian. T-34. Army officer! said, however, that the Patton and Pershing models rushed to Korea have proved far superior to the T-34, a 30-ton tank. Scrutinized for Extending Walkouts Hint of New War By Harold W. Ward U. S. Forces Strengthen Right Flank 5 Red Divisions Attempting Drive On Allied Center By Russell Brines Tokyo Doughboys drove back vanguards of Red Ko- reans pressing down from the north against Taegu on tile Korean centra! warfront Wednesday. A combined American-South Ko- rean attack was hurled at North Korean flanked infiltrators at 'dawn. Some Reds had penetrated within eight miles of Taegu. The heaviest fighting on the whole 120-mile long Korean battle- line was on the American right flank before Taegu. A break-through by Red forward elements would unleash five Com- munist divisions for a drive on Taegu, 12 miles to the south of the bloodiest fighting. A big push for Tacfru was considered imminent but there was no official mention of it at headquarters. General Mac-Ar- thur omitted his early morning war summary, a usual indica- tion that the situation is gen- erally unchanged. On the Taegu front troops fought over a 100-yard-wide no-man's land. Big guns and planes poured deadly fire into the narrow line I and casualties were believed to be heavy. The Reds brought out hoarded tanks but kept them out of range They lost 11 of them in four days fighting before Taegu. Artillery Attacked A.P. Correspondent Tom Lam- bert reported from the Taegu front that hundreds of Reds attacked American artillery positions that were pounding a wedge the Com- munists had shoved into the front- line. No IT. s. guns were knocked out in that attack. Lambert said iie Worth Koreans tried to cut the Allied road from Taeffu but succeeded in slowing supplies only briefly Wednesday. The main Kumwha-Taegu moun- tain highway from ibe north was the battleline. Ridges lining it were commanded by the Reds when tie doughboys Jumped off against them. In an all-day fiffht the Amer- icans drove the Reds from sev- eral commanding: ridges. One annoying Red artillery posi- tion was silenced early. The Communists met the Amer- ican-South Korean attack with striking rail unions promised "for the artillery and mortar fire inir" fnrfnv fn tViptr tnlrpri frnm tnfn f.itann i_ I being" today to keep their token walkouts from spreading into a tieup lot nation-wide proportion. Lake Success security Leaders of trainmen and conductors agreed to withdraw council delegates studied Russian Jakob A. Malik's latest speech j-j t T_ j. closely today for hints of a new .var threat. They weighed Malik's statement ;o the council yesterday that "con- inuation of military operations in1 Korea would lead not to a local- their threat to strike one or more major railroads when this week's five-day shutdowns at three termi- steel.carrying rRll. roads have run their course. The White House kept up its de- ent was expected to set the lime for Parliament's meeting prob- termined prodding for a solution! ably Monday when he has an to the long wage-hour dispute be- tween the two unions and the na- letter received recently by parents the Mondovi you'Ji his said famous secret weapons, there seems m be nothing in the facts to just- ify such a hopeful Tokyo. It is not PremduCtlOD NotlCCS sustained by the facts which snn c all too simple and all too bleak.IrOT in btatg In brief, no less than thirteen! North Korean divisions are surely St. men in in the field. Two more are were receiving preinduc-lthat he had had an operation on iibly in action, and the intelligence I toon notices from their draft boards I his hand as a result of the wound indicates that four new divisions [today to flll the October draft quotajand that he expected to be trans- will be ready before long. Against (of 1.009 men. iferred to Tokyo. this enemy force, and po-l The new call supplements the! The Department of LCIC- v, initial, wo have the rough cquiva-J3.600 men ordered to take physical I gram informing his parents of the I ft lent of eight divisions, including examinationsi for the said that They said that under some condi- tions the General Patton's 90 milli- meter guns would give "consider- able trouble to the Josef Stalin III, the Red army's largest known ization of the conflict, as the rep- resentalive of the United States so r" diligently tries to convince us, but] Presidential Assistant would inevitably lead to a broad- Steelman John R. First Americans to break through the Communist vanguard took high ground, silencing- Red ar- tillery that had been hampering Al- lied advances. Right Flank Strengthened One U. S. unit, attacking over ridgas to the east of the main sup- ply road, drove the Beds back on can reach Ottawa. St. idea how soon distant American right flank, Corre- spondent Lambert said. The shifting Norlh Koreans fore- will hold a cabinet ed some U. S. Engineers from i their positions in the line enln's oi the carriers and unions! Meanwhile steel rusted on thej The Engineers, who called them- sTr'ous confeauences'' fraugnt to be ready to resume talks at lines end their selves counter-at- 4 subsidiaries, and trains gathered tacked and regained their positions negotiations "The consequences" responsibility for would lie fully upon the govern- ment of the United States of Amer- ica and their delegation in the se- curity Malik declared. The United States had demand- moment. The union chiefs said through a spokesman that they would forego any new walkout orders out of con- sideration for President Truman's peace efforts. They said the move dust wVre the strike's start atj after killing 52 North Koreans. 6 a.m. yeterday found them. Tel-i Lieutenant Anthony Pecoraro of graph service also was halted. All negotiations between the un- ion leaders and heads of the rail- tank- u weigfts an estimated 50 to led TJ- N- members work to lo-jhad not been requested by seemed to be st a stand- i70 tons and a 122 milii-icalize the Korean war and thatident Truman but was out of "re-isti11- South Windham. Maine, his voice trembling with rage, told Corre- spondent Lambert of one incident of the battle: "I got word one of my machine- meter gun. The 47! i-ton General Fatten is the heaviest U. S. tank now in ac- tual production, Army spokesmen (said. They .described it as the tran- i ITT TTT between World War, the North Koreans withdraw to the 38th parallel. Russia has call- ed for withdrawal of all foreign troops from Korea. 48-Minute Speech In a 48-mmute attack the Rus- and st. Paul, and two short spect for him." There was no in- The strikers are seeking! (Continued on Page 3, Column 1.) dication how long the voluntary a shorter work week and higher moratorium on strikes would last. KOREA Three terminals were struck (Monday in Cleveland, Louisville four Souih Korean divisions rated Quota of as useful as ours for defensive Some more strength is on the way. But the classical ratio ofj strength, declared by all prudent commanders in order to assume tho offensive, is at least two to one. On the basis of this i-atio, we should need at least 26 American and South Korean divisions to undertake a big push northwards. Of course, on the other hand, our division- al fire power is superior, and we enjoy total air supremacy is all that has kept us from being thrown out of Ko- rea before this. No Deer Season For Minnesota states. (strategic railroads were shut down rates second and protection third. World War H tanks stressed mobil- lity first and firepower second. In any future conflict Amer- ican tanks will not be inferior j in fire power to any foreign tank, one officer said. The air is the great hope. W'he: the battlefield is isolated, when th enemy's supplies are not replenish ed. when he is expending his for ward supply stocks, then the class leal two-to-one strength ratio wil cease to hold. The North Korean power will then wither and decay But a "day of supply" for th< North Koreans, who use so littli mechanized equipment, who eat on Jy one main meal, who can get by on a daily handful of rice anc enough ammunition for their weapons, is less than one-tenth oJ the day of supply of an American division. Thus the air task is ten times harder than in a more con- ventional war. So the factors in the complex calculation interlock and alter one another, backwards and forwards. One man speaks of great power (Continued on Page 11, Column 6.) AISOP St. Paul There will not be a deer season in Min- nesota this year. Chester S, Wilson, state com- missioner of conserva- tion, made this announcement today on recommendation of Frank Blair, frame and fish director. Commissioner Wilson re- viewed reports of deer condi- tions throughout the state at a meeting of game and fish divi- sion officials and biologists which recommended a closed season. i "In some areas there are are plenty of deer to stand Wilson said. "How- ever, the present distribution of the herd is very irregular. "In large sections, especially in the northeastern part of the state, severe conditions last took a. heavy toll of yearling fawns, as well as new fawns born early in the spring. This resulted in a considerable loss of future breeding stock in those areas. of the irregular size of depleted "Because shape and areas, it is impossible to work out an effective zoning plan for closing them, while open- ing other areas where deer are more plentiful. "Therefore, we have decided to close the whole state to build up the breeding stock for the future." Wilson explained that reports show that even in well-stocked areas there is little danger that a closed season will result in any serious over population or damage. "Cases of deer damage in farming regions will lie han- dled by special control mea- sures as far as necessary with the co-operation of local farm- er and sportsmen's Wilson said. Minnesota had a five-day deer season last year when licenses were issued. The kill was estimated at 195 deer. The license fee was for residents and for nonresidents. sovereignty." The U. S., he assert- ed, attempts "to cover up this ag- gression with the label of the flag of the United It was the ninth "no action" ses- sion of the council since Malik for only nationally days. in a maneuver by the The first member of the new ended the seven-month Soviet boy- tank family, known as the and took over the group's will be produced by the Cadillac j Presidency August 1. His term unions to avoid any strike-ending injunction but to hasten govern- ment seizure of the roads. Three times the unions have formally called upon Mr. THiman to seize the properties, saying they'll work for the government at the present division of General Motors, which was alerted to the task long ago. Details of this new light tank, j which so far has been given jno nickname, are still secret. Of- ficials said, however, that it has far superior fire control, sighting equipment and engines than any used in the last war. The officer made no claim that aay but the new light tank would be available for use in the near future. ends August 31. Both U. S. Representative War- ren Austin and Britain's Sir Glad- wya Jeb'o in reply charged lualik with using Hitlerian propaganda WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Partly cloudy and much cooler tonight. Pair and unseasonably cool Thurs- day. Low tonight "48 in the city. 45 j in the country; high Thursday 68. LOCAL WEATHER techniques. The Russian charge, said Austin, is "a lie, a Jebb termed Malik's statement a "giyantic add- ing- that in propaganda, "the bigger the falsehood, the bet- ter the chance it has of Austin said Malik was employ- ing Hitler's trick of "concealing guilt by Jebb recall- and hour contract. Both sides acknowledged there had been no progress at yester- day's White House meetings. Still in the picture was an offer made by the railroads last Satur- day to grant wage increases in ex- change for a three-year no-strike agreement. The wage hike to mem- bers of the unions in yard serv- ice would amount to 23 cents an hour, to help offset the loss Of pay in cutting back from 48 hours toi 40 a week. The unions want the shorter (week at the same pay for work in 'the yards. They are asking for wage hikes for those in train serv- ice outside the yards. ed that Stalin in 1939 had charged The employers also offered a France and Britain with D0urly pay increase for Germany. He queried: i those in train service. "If Stalin himself subscribed toj remarkable analysis of ag- Canada Plans New Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 83; minimum, 53; noon, 81; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- charged was a "colcssal gressioii in 1939, who is going to believe Soviet theories of aggres- sion in Malik repeated his demand that the U. N. withdraw foreign troops from Korea and end what morrow at Additional weather on page 15. (Continued on 11, Column 5.) 1 MALIK I Rail Strike Moves Ottawa Members of Cana- da's Parliament started a hasty air and highway trek toward the [capital today for an emergency ses- of Parliament to deal with railway Prime Minister Louis St. Laur- Dark Arrowi show where North Korean forces are making prob- ing attacks against U. S. and South Korean defenders, indicated by open arrows. North of Taegu a Red spearhead is within eight miles of the city. North Koreans have massed In this sector for what may be an all-out drive against Taegu, The Communist Nak- tong river bridgehead at Hyonpung (2) has been brought up to men. U. S, troops beat off two assaults by the enemy in the Chun- gam-Tundolc area (3) in the south. North of Pohang (4) Reds have been softened fay attacking Allied units. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) ;