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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 21, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Saturday, Temperature Same Have Your Paper- Sent to You Daily On Your Vacation VOLUME 53, NO. 157 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, AUGUST 21, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES Washington State risoners Riot Two Years of Waiting Ends In Joy for Family of ROW Sgt. John Lubinski TODAY France Set To Quit In Indochina By STEWART ALSOP PARIS It is time to face a couple of unpleasant facts. The defense of Indochina is the heart of American policy in Asia. Yet the French have no stomach for the Indochinese war, and it is entirely likely that a government dedicated to the liquidation of the war by almost any means will soon come to power here. The creation of a European army, within the framework of which Germany can be rearmed, is the heart of American policy m Europe. Yet the French have no stomach for the European army, and it is entirely likely that the French Parliament will finally kill the whole idea before months have passed. If neither of these things hap- pen it will be something close to a miracle. If happen, a Franco-American crisis of the most dangerous sort, cap- able even of wrecking the NATO alliance, is almost certain to en- sue. Not Surprising The French attitude in both re- spects is not surprising. In Indo- china the French are being asked to continue an immensely costly, interminable war from which they cannot hope to gain. In Europe, the French are being asked to sacrifice their national sovereignty in order to permit the rearmament of their traditional enemy, while the bulk of their own forces are engaged half a world away. In these circumstances, it is rather strange than any optimism at all still exists in American official circles about the future of Franco- American relations. The reasoning of the official op- timists, as far as the European army is concerned, runs about as follows. The British are ready to fii go much further than is generally vvnen supposed to promise active collab- j oraticu with the French in the Eur- j Happy, Excited and almost too tired to talk were Mr. and Mrs. Felix Lubinski after receiving the news that their son, John, was among the American prisoners released Thursday night by the Communists in Korea. The Lubinskis were beseiged by phone calls from well-wishers and would-be informers at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Hartson, next door neighbors. The Lubinskis live at 611 E. Wabasha St. (Republican-Herald photo) By ROBERT EGGLESON Republican-Herald Staff Writer A happy Winona couple, surrounded by friends and well-wishers, Thursday night came to the end of more than two years of waiting, hoping and' praying. Tired but happy, Mr. and Mrs. Felix Lubinski, 613 E. Wabasha St., realized that their patient waiting had been rewarded as their son, Sgt. John Lubinski, was reporteti prisoners of war returned by the Communists at Freedom Vil- j m _ lage. And the Lubinskis weren't alone in the exuberance of the occasion. Families throughput the city shar- ed their joy as Winona's lone pris- oner of war was included in the largest group of POWs released during Operation Big Switch. But the 29-year-old soldier's par- ents weren't home when the Jong awaited news arrived. Hope Had Faded The Lubinskis had listened to most of the earlier lists of Ameri- cans returned during the two-week exchange, but as the lists arrived without the name of their son they began to lose hope, as did many of their neighbors. So last night Lubinski went to Gabrych Park to see the Chiefs pound out a victory over Faribault and Mr.s. Lubinski was around the neighborhood. Thanks to neighbors, the word wasn't long in reaching them. When a Twin Cities television station called for the family, the call was directed to the home of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Hartson, who live next door to the Lubinskis. This set off a frantic search of the neighborhood for Mrs. Lubinski while Hartson went to the ball park. Doesn't Hear Paging The public addres.s system an- nouncer at the park paged Lubin- ski, who is a bit hard of hearing and didn't hear the call from his position among the crowd in the outfield. And Hartson had a merry chase until he located Lubinski and then had some difficulty pulling him from the game with the ahead 10-3 in the seventh fears that the project will lead to German domination of the contin- j ent. Will Ratify Pact j West German Chancellor Konrad j Adenauer has privately indicated to the French that he will be will-1 ing to settle the tortured Saar is- sue, on a basis acceptable to the French, after the German elec- tions. This should clear away an- other roadblock Meanwhile, all the other partic- ipating nations will soon ratify the pact. This will greatly increase the pressure on the French, who, after (Continued on Page 7, Column 4.) ALSOPS WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair to- night and Saturday. Not much change in temperature. Heavy fog again Saturday morning. Low to- night 54, hish Saturday 83. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, S7: minimum, 5T; noon. 81; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 80 at p. m. the happy parents were finally together they agreed it was the most won- derful news they'd ever had. Between the greetings of the iends that came to see the Mrs. Lubinski recalled a Others Still Await News While Winana joins the Lub- inski family in rejoicing over the release of a soldier-son, the news brought hope into oth- er homes in the area, where parents, wives and other rela- tives are anxiously awaiting word of other American sol- diers that are.missing or pris- oners in Korea. Among them are the fam- ilies of M. Sgt. Donald Caturia, Arkansaw, Wis.; Sgt. l.C. Hen- ry G. Leerkamp, and Pfc. Raymond Reed, both of Min- nesota City; Cpl. Roger Shaw, Preston, and Pfc. John Ryan, Caledonia, all of whom have been listed as prisoners. Area men listed as missing include Pfc. Ferdinand Blech- inger, La Pfc. John Bolster, Chatfield, Pfc. Donald Dapont, Alma Center, Wis.; Pfc. Francis Stutlien, Blair, Wis.; Pvt, Glenn Hovey, Spring Grove; Cpl. Vernon Johnson, Alma Center, Wis., and 1st Lt. Leonard Button of Reads Landing. U. S. Should Get Tougher With Says Sen. McCarthy CLEVELAND Wl Joseph McCarthy (R-Wis) said Thursday night the United States should tell re American ..or we will wipe your accursed Communist 150 Americans In New Group Freed by Reds Report Communist Brutality and Mistreatment By FORREST EDWARDS PANMUNJOM roUicking 150 Americans, the largest single- day delivery yet in the Korean War prisoner exchange, rode out of Red captivity at this wayside village today. Eager as youngsters, they rliout-j ed and danced as they were freed I with 300 South Koreans. j The Americans were from Camp 1 at Chongsong on the Yalu River, the Red stockade for "incorrigi- Foreign Aid Must End, Says Senator TYLER, Tex. W) Unless the situation changes and "some na- tions put their houses in order, I have voted for ray last foreign aid Senate Minority Leader Lyndon B. Johnson said yesterday. Johnson spoke here at a country club luncheon. "We will have to find a stopping point on foreign .spending before we bleed ourselves he said. "If Chancellor Adenauer (of West Germany) goes under in Sep- Johnson warned, "we will have to rely largely upon our- selves to face our big enemy in the Thousands of Frenchmen Go Back to Work bles" who actively resisted Com- pARIS ,..n_ThouSands of strik. mumsm. j frencji postal, telegraph and The repatriates said the first I telephone workers started back to group of Americans from a fourth Red 9 rived Thursday night at Kaesong, the Red clearing site just north of Panmunjom. All other American POWs sent back have been from Camps 1, 3 and 5, including some men trans- ferred to these camps from other stockades. work today. It was the first break in the wave of walkouts that dras- tically slowed the nation's eco- nomic Me for 16 days. The trek to work began after the two big non-Communist unions Socialist Workers' Force (FO) and the Christian (Catholic) Labor Federation (CFTC) reached an agreement early today with Saturday's shipment was expect- i Premier Joseph Laniel's govern- ed to include some Camp 9 pris- oners, a number of whom were reported only recently captured. More Saturday The Reds said Saturday's deliv- ery would include 94 30 of them sick or South Koreans, 23 British, 13 Can- .adians, 3 Australians, 2 French, 1 Turk and 1 Colombian. Three Canadians, 2 British, 1 Australian and the Turk were list- ed as sick or wounded. The 150 Americans returned Thursday brought the total to of the the Reds said they held. In all, Allied prisoners have been returned of the listed by the Communists. No Communist POWs were sent north Friday for the second straight day, but more were sched- uled to be handed over Saturday. Typhoon winds earlier in the week halted shipments from the Allied island prison camps off Southern Korea. The Americans returning Friday were in high spirits, but they also bore more reports of Red brutal- ity and mistreatment, especially against Allied airmen. ment. Though other government work- ers were expected to join the re- turn movement, observers warned that plenty of trouble may still lie ahead on the nationalized rail- roads. Bulk of Rail Workers The Communist-led General Con- federation of Labor left out of the negotiations, had not yet indicated any end to its walkout. The CGT controls the bulk of the railroad, workers and transporta- tion officials said the lines could operate only on a reduced scale, without its members. The agreement between the gov- Two Prisoners Wounded in a riot at the Washington State Re- formatory at Monroe, Wash., Thursday night are shown being guarded by state patrolmen and deputy sheriffs after they were brought out of the prison yard. Nearly 300 inmates started rioting during recreation period and set fire to five buildings. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) Iran Welcoming Shah Back Home By RICHARD EHRMAN ROME lift Triumphantly smil- ing Mohammed Reza Pahlevi, Shah of Iran, flew homeward to- day for a royal welcome in the explosive country he fled five days ago. Awaiting him in his land of car- pets, caviar and oil were a new Premier loyal to the monarchy, jubilant crowds cheering their 33- year-old ruler and a panama-clad prisoner under heavy ernment and the two non-Commu-1 old ex-Premier Mohammed Mossa- nist unions followed two days of degh. negotiations prodded by a delega own country's next-door neighbor, Iraq. The young monarch planned to lunch early this afternoon with Iraq's King Faisal, then perhaps fly on to Tehran later today. Buildings Set Afire by Rioters Strike Without Warning During Recreation Period MONROE, Wash. _ Three- hundred inmates of the Washington State Reformatory last night went on a destructive spree that ended hours later with one man dead, three injured and five of the in- stitution's sprawling buildings de- stroyed by fire. Half of the rioters were in a cell block, the others on the grounds in the center of the buildings they had set torch to in a sudden out- break of frenzied viciousness. The rioters struck without warn- ing during the evening recreation period. One group took over one of the reformatory's two large cell blocks and the other ran through the- grounds setting fire to the buildings surrounding the recrea- tion area. Three hundred other prisoners took no part in the uprising. Guards at first made no effort to stop the stone-throwing, bat- hurling, cursing, howling convicts. The Monroe volunteer fire depart- ment was called and was inside the walls within minutes. But they were driven back by stones and bats. Other fire equipment arrived but none ever got inside the walls de- spite the hundreds of peace of- ficers who came from all over western Washington, including Se- attle, 20 miles to the southwest. No attempt was made by the convicts to communicate with Warden P. J. Squier or other of- to hurl taunts, im- precations and debris through windows and at guards. No explanation for the outbreak could be had from Squier. One week's excitement, re- mamed in Rome to rest up. He no, expjain Also left behind was the Shah s I Most of inmates at the re- strong-willed twin sister, Princess j formatory are younger offenders Ashraf. Mossadegh had exiled her because she fought his encroach- ments on the royal power. She hur- ried from the Riviera to her broth- Rome's Iranian colony and lega- er's side yesterday. Last night she tion from Laniel's own MRP (Pop- tion, which turned its back on the i told newsmen she might drop in ular Republican Movement) party, j shah's arrival as a fugitive Mon- Despite its anguished pleas, the CGT was not taken into the ne- gotiating circle. Although only the postal, tele- graph and telephone employes re- ceived immediate return-to-work orders, the pact also covered work-' ers in the nationalized industries, The Reds were "death against the railroads, gas and electric serv- American aviators" said Cpl. Phil-1 ice employes and miners, lip E. Rogers of Denver. He said I In a communique early today, one Navy flier from the U. S. Car- j Laniel promised to consult inter- rier Leyte was stripped to a light shirt and summer pants, and forced to remain outside in 25 be- low zero weather. Tied to Tree to Die Another repatriate told of a men- tally-ill American soldier tied to a tree outside the hospital at Camp 1 and left there until he died. "I think they tied him to that tree and let him die there because they just did not want to take proper care of said Cpl. Mel- vin R. Heath of Indianapolis. Others told of beatings for minor infractions of prison camp rules, imprisonment in dungeons and small cages for men who opposed Communist indoctrination, lack of food and medical care, and small groups 'of POWs who collaborated with the Reds and informed against their fellow Americans. Cpl. Gildo Rodriguez of New York Citv said he saw Commu- ested unions before putting into effect decrees cutting public pay- rolls and increasing retirement age limits ployes. for government em- day with 20-year-old Queen Soraya, came out in force to cheer his departure by plane early today. In a chartered Royal Dutch (KLM) airliner, the Shah and a party of officials and newsmen headed for Baghdad, capital of his letter which they received last are responsible from nists machine gun five truck-loads if I get out." Get Official Notice son's release in a telegram from china into the United _ the adjutant general of the Army. tions> fte United states walks out The telegram, like the notices' Thursday night, listed him as "Sgt. John Lubinski" but Mrs. Lubinski said it was the first word they had that he had been promoted to the rank of sergeant. He hasn't been in Winona since u' the face of the earth." He said 1J that kind of policy would regain I American prestige abroad and be I the best assurance of peace. This morning, the Lubinskis re-! The 'natj'on aiso should "notify thought they were firing at Allied ceived official notification of their thg worM that on day Red of wounded American POWs just after they had been captured. He said he thought it possible the Reds were confused, >and 1949, shortly after re-enlisting for his third tour of Army duty. Born and raised here, he attend- ed St. Stanislaus school and work- ed in St. Paul before entering the Army in 1943. Lubinski served in Germany and Italy during World War II, and 21st the former Marine captain told an audience of 600 at a Marine Corps League banquet. He slapped at Great Britain as an ally "who has recently insisted that Red China rather than Chiang Kai-shek's government be a mem- ber of the United Nations" and "bragged that she is stepping up her shipments to Red ment of the sinews of war to the enemy that has been killing the sons of Britain as well as the sons of America, he was sent to Japan. He was with Company E, Regiment of the 24th Infantry Di- vision that began fighting in Ko- rea early in 1950. Missing in 1951 Lubinski was reported as miss- ing in action April 27, 1951, but the first word of his status as a Red prisoner came Dec. 19 of that year when The Republican-Herald statement recently made by that great longer with us Taft, when he said we might ultimately have to 'go it McCarthy said. "We do not want allies who U. 5. Warned Not To Underestimate Powers of Russia State Halts Oil Drilling Project jlnWillmarArea j By JACK B. MACKAY j ST. PAUL UP) drilling i for oil in the Willmar area in Kandiyohi County has been halted following notice to promoters by the State Securities Division that a jackpot was collected il- legally, The Associated learned today. Press Survey and a member of vehicles because they riddled the drivers' cabs as well as the can- vas-covered truck bodies. Harold Knutson, Ex- Congressman, Dead at Wadena WADENA, Minn. Itfl Harold Knutson, former representative in Congress from Minnesota's 6th Dis- trict, died today. He was 72. ......__ Knutson was stricken with sev- assembling for a clos'ed session to eral heart attacks last week and I discuss "current events." By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON Wl Lewis L. Strauss of the Atomic! Professor George M. Schwartz, EnergV Commission (AEC) says director of the Minnesota Geo- "It is idle to assume that it is I beyond the capabilities of our po- tential enemies to develop atomic weapons with a tremendously de- structive capacity." "It is also a he said, "to assume that a stockpile of atomic weapons in our hands is in itself any longer a complete de- terrent to aggressive action." Strauss made the statements in a letter to Sen. Wiley (R-Wis) dated Aug. 19 and evidently writ- ten a few hours before Moscow announced that a type of hydrogen bomb had been exploded in a So- viet experiment. The AEC chairman shortly there- after issued a statement confirm- ing that U.S. monitors had detect- ed an atomic explosion in the So- viet, on Aug. 12, and that it in- cluded "thermonuclear" reactions scientific name for the hydro- gen fusion process. His letter, made public today by Wiley, came as members of the Senate-House Atomic Energy Com- mittee who -could get here were had been in critical condition since. He served in Congress for 32 years, from 1917 to 1949 when he was defeated by the incumbent, cringe and surrender in the Marshall (D-Minn.) of an enemy threat or who lick the boots of the enemy and give him weapons of war. "We do not want to go it alone, but if the United States is as we may well an island I ASHEVILLE, N. C.. UPl Last Water Carnival Called Off on Account of Rain itin LJ. UU d L .JU U. ill. 11 J ii_ r x j-i Thursday, min. 52 at a. m, to- caUed the family to re' day. Scattered layer of clouds at that he had been officially an- %vc wcu ue_uu au ,T1 _ feet, visibility 10 miles, wind as a prisoner on the list j in a Communist sea] then we wiu night's .scheduled opening of the calm, barometer 30.25 steady, hu- j (Continued on Page 10, Column 6.) j go it so help'us midity 62 per cent. LUBINSKI I we will win." West Asheville water carnival was called account of rain. Obviously, the latest Soviet atom- ic development was the big item on the agenda. Asked to brief com- mittee members were officials of Strauss' commission and of the Central Intelligence Agency It seemed doubtful that there would be much elaboration, for the public, on Strauss' statement of early yesterday, which said the United States had produced in 1951 and 1952 atomic tests the same sort of reaction detected in the Aug. 12 Soviet blast. nesota, had informed securities of- ficials that "as far as available information permits us to judge, there is no possibility of commer- cial gas or oil in Kandiyohi Coun- Number of Inquiries Following a number of inquiries to his office, Securities Commis- sioner Theodore N. Ofstedahl as- signed Deputy Commissioner Charles L. Hayes and examiner Robert C. Hahnen to make an in- vestigation. The investigators found that about 50 residents in Kandiyohi County had contributed checks ranging from to or an aggregate of about for pro- posed drilling. The officials advised the promoters that they were vio- lating the "Blue Sky" laws. Subsequently, -those spearhead- ing the proposed drilling indicated the money, would be either re- turned to the individual, or the group would proceed to register their oil interests in a legal man- ner. Examiner Hahnen, who spent three days this week in the Will- mar area, brought back several jars filled with a substance that has been characterized by the pro- moters as "gas." Hahnen then put a match to the liquid and it burned. But that, Hahnen and Hayes agreed, is "where many people are fooled." "It's nothing but decayed vege- tation or marsh or methane Hayes said, "and it's not suitable or feasible for commercial uses." on Tehran later for a visit. Baghdad had been the Shah's first haven Sunday after Mossa- degh's armed forces foiled the at- tempt of palace guards to enforce a royal decree naming Maj. Gen. Fazollah Zahedi premier. Fleeing to Iraq in his own plane, the Shah and his wife went on to Rome Monday by British airliner. He dashed homeward almost as hurriedly after Iran's masses and its army rallied to Zahedi and their ruler's standard and drove Mossa- degh from his heavily-fortified home Wednesday. Three hundred or more died in the fighting. The weepy-eyed old Premier, who drove the British out'of his nation's vast oilfields and then tried so hard to clip his ruler's power, surrendered yesterday to Zahedi at his headquarters in the in their 20s, Older and more hardened criminals are kept in the Washington State Penitentiary. Inmates rioting in the cell block tore up plumbing, broke windows and destroyed furnishings. They, too, howled and cursed. Then, several hours after the first outbreak at 7 p.m. PST, a group of the men on the grounds tried to break through the gate. Guards, almost shoulder to shoul- der atop the 30 foot high walls and armed with everything from riot guns to tommyguns, opened fire. Four men fell. One was mortally wounded. Another, struck by a ricocheting bullet which passed through his head right behind his eyes, lay on the ground screaming. Doctors said later he would be forever sightless. The other two were not wounded seriously. Then, the law officers started moving into the cell block and onto the grounds. They were greet- ed with a barrage of debris and curses. But this subsided quickly. Central Tehran officers club. I The inmates on Weak and limping, he still had on huddled in circles his habitual pink pajamas. His future was uncertain. Zahedi, in a "give yourself up" broadcast 12 hours earlier, had said, will wait for the nation to say what should be done with him." the grounds as midnight came, stark figures under the pitiless glare of the prison's bright floodlights. They started bonfires to ward off the night chill, using wood which littered the grounds from one end to another. France Has Deposed Sultan Sidi Mohammed Ben Youssef, left, as ruler of Morocco and exiled him and his two sons, Moulay Has- san, nearer camera, and Moulay Abdullah, center background, to the Mediterranean island of Corsica. This picture was made in November, 1952, at Rabat, at a ceremony marking the 25th anniversary of the accession of Ben Youssef. Today a new sultan was named. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) ;