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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 20, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Friday, Temperature Same Faribault at Gabrych Tonight at 8, KWNO AM-FM VOLUME 53, NO. 1S6 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, AUGUST 20, 1953 TWENTY PAGES Reds Promise 150 American POWs Friday Exchange Reported Past Halfway Mark in Korea By WILLIAM J. WAUGH PANMUNJOM great Ko- rean War prisoner exchange passed the halfway mark today and there was every indication the Reds will start .sending back larger numbers of Americans daily. They promised 150 tomorrow, the biggest U. S. group yet, and it appeared the stepped up rate would continue indefinitely. Three hundred South Koreans also will be freed tomorrow. Sixty Americans, 90 British and 300 Koreans were freed today in the 16th day of exchange at this tiny village. No British were scheduled to re- turn Friday, The Reds have de- livered 809 of the 922 British prom- ised. They have turned over only Americans, well under half of the they listed. Thursday's shipment brought the number of Allied troops freed to just over half of the the Reds promised. Shipping Disrupted No Communists were sent north Thursday and no more are sched- uled until Saturday. Typhoon con- TEHRAN Iran FazolJah Zahedi's forces today ar- ditions disrupted Allied shipping j d Moharnmed Mossadegh and three of his lieutenants in a house from the Island prison camps cmter TehrM off southern Korea. arrest of the former premier, who until Wednesday held One weary Amencan repatriate j dictatorsnip quashed earlier reports that he had escaped { lhe shambies of his bunker-like house in Zahedi's U.S. Years Ahead OfR usson Demonstrators In Tehran's Sopah Square cheered as the statue of Reza Shah, father of Mohammed Reza -Pahlevi, Shah of Iran, was lop- pled from its base during Monday's uprising fol- lowing flight from the capital city of the young Shah and Queen Soraya. Today the Shah planned a return flight from. Rome to Tehran where Roy- alists took over the government from Premier Mossadegh. Mossadegh was reported to have been arrested today. All communications in Tehran were cut during Monday's riotings. This is one of the first pictures to come out of the city since Mossadegh was deposed. (AP Wirephoto via radio from London to The Republican-Herald) New Premier of Iran Arrests Mossadegh Thursday was startled with the news that he had won America'-s highest combat award, the Medal of Honor. The story had been kept secret to prevent any Red repris- als against the 27-year-old Japan- ese-American sergeant, Hiroshi Mi- yamura of Gallup, N. M. The stream of happy men Thurs- day told more of the grim stories of life in the Red stockades. One prisoner told a heartbreak- ing story of an American airman staked in the sun and left to die because he would not back up phony germ warfare charges by the Communists. Shortly after the prisoners re- turned, the joint Military Armistice Commission met at its Panmun-1 evidence that a new regime headquarters on Red request, j Iran, though born of The Reds gave no indication would quickly be able to sHfbJize Americans Hope NewRegimeWill Stabilize Iran By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON of- watched hopefully today for Released Nisei POW Awarded Medal of Honor By ROBERT GIBSON FREEDOM VILLAGE, Korea UP! shy young Japanese-American who all alone held back attacking Reds while his men withdrew re- royalist counter-revolution and tak- turned {rom a communist prison en refuge with friendly Kashgnai today to ]earn with astonishment tribesmen, strong, in the that he had won the Medai Of south. j Honor. Massadegh was taken to a secret Sgt. Hiroshi H, Miyamura of Gal- strongpoint somewhere in the capi- tal for safekeeping. His diehard Brig, bodyguard put up a desperate Wednesday at his fortified home where 200 of the 300 casual- looked bewildered when Gen. Raipji Qsborne said news that Sgt. Hiroshi H. Miyam- ura, 27, of Gallup, N. M., had won Arneriea's highest award for hero- they wanted to discuss. Americans Accused Red China's Peiping radio charged that American authorities have obstructed Communist Red the country and secure it against any Communist bid for power. The task falls to 56-year-old Fazollah Zahedi, a major general and friend of 'shah Mohammed! day said he had been "torn to lid ve uuou, uuiuu tj Cross teams visiting prison camps Reza Pahlevi. He is regarded here Pieces in South Korea to the point that the teams "have virtually suspend- ed their operations." Peiping accused the Americans ties in the counter-revolution was kept secret because he curred. was a prisoner and "the Commu- Earlier today Shah Mohammed [nists might have made it rough Reza Pahlevj had sent instructions for him" if they had known. There were no official records here to show when Miyamura won the medal, but after much coaxing he shyly acknowledged that it prob- ably was in the battle just before his capture April 25, 1951. He commanded a machine gun squad of 13 men from the 3rd Di- vision when thousands of Chinese attacked along the Imjin River. When the Reds overran part of Russians Claim Test Blast of 'Great Strength' Urge Acceptance Of World Ban On Atomic Weapons MOSCOW The Russians an- nounced today that they have ex- ploded a test hydrogen bomb of I "great strength." They coupled j their claim with a new call for j international acceptance of a Rus- sian disarmament plan including a ban on atomic weapons. (In Washington, the Atomic En- ergy Commission confirmed thatj it had information on a Soviet) "hell-bomb" test conducted Aug. 12 but implied that the United j States had produced similar reac-j itions in the 1951 and 1952 tests at j Eniwetok Atoll.) j This was the official Soviet an- nouncement, as reported in the Communist party newspaper Prav- da and broadcast by the Moscow radio to the Soviet people: "Recently in the Soviet Union, the explosion of a type of hydrogen bomb was carried out with experi- mental aim. As a result of the possession of the mighty power of thermonuclear fission in the hydro- gen bomb, the explosion was of great strength, First American from Rome to Zahedi to safeguard Mossadegh's life. Mossadegh's right-hand man, former Foreign Minister Hossein Fatemi, was still listed as missing despite a flood of unconfirmed rumors of his death. Tehran radio broadcasts Wednes- mob. Adlai Stevenson and his son, John Fell Stevenson, 17, arrived at International Airport in New York today, completing a 6-month world tour. The defeated Democratic presidential candidate said only the United States can hold the free people of the world to- gether, and that he found his trip a "sobering experience." (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Three Villages To Share Estate as both anti-British and anti-Soviet, Meanwhile, trouble was reported j hi. -dd ralist stirrin in the Kashhai tribal but also as a hard-headed realist stirring in the Kashghai tribal who will seek practical solutions j area. for his country's difficult problems. I Estimates gut the dead at 300 or of "openly persecuting" the teams Foremost among those problems m o r e in yesterday's fighting and restricting interviews with the is the long and bitter dispute with around key points in Tehran, but POWs, i Britain over nationalization of j officials of the new government However, Allied representatives I Iran's billion-dollar oil industry, j saiij the royalists took over with a accused the Communist workers of I The deposed Premier, Mohammed activities bordering on spying and Mossadegh, repeatedly failed to find a way out of the oil crisis; there is hope here that Zahedi may eventually take a more "realistic" approach than, in the American minimum of bloodshed elsewhere in the capital and in the provinces. told my men to pull back a little. I stayed and fired until they got t ST. PAUL Wl Three small "The test showed the power of midwestern villages and the Anti- the hydrogen bomb is many times Cruelty Society of Chicago are the greater than the power of atomic principai beneficiaries of the bombs-" j 000 estate left by a St. Paul man. The communique received only j This was revealed today when routine treatment in Pravda, ap- i a petition to prove the will of Willis pearing on page 2 under the head- IB. Ray, St. Paul, was filed with ing: "Government Information on I Probate Judge Edward Devitt. the Test of the Hydrogen Bomb in j The will makes small bequests the Soviet Union." The communique declared Soviet possession of no cause for of other countr. totalling to several friends and to his only two living relatives. U4UC the H-bomb offered The balance of the estate is to be Free World Winning Cold War, Adlai Says By RELMAN MORIN NEW YORK (ff> Former Gov. Adlai Stevenson said today the free world is winning the cold war Tests Made in '51 at Eniwetok AEC Experts Know Soviets Made Test on Aug. 12 By DONALD SANDERS WASHINGTON United States countered Russia's claim to have Jested a hydrogen bomb with a statement today that this nation produced a similar reaction more than two years ago. A statement issued by Chairman Lewis L. Strauss of the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) also gave some credit to the Russian claim, published in the Communist paper Pravda, that "the explosion of a type of hydrogen bomb was carried out with experimental aim." Strauss' statement issued short- ly after midnight, said: "The Soviet Union conducted an atomic test on the morning of Aug. 12. Certain information to this ef- fect came into our hands that night. Subsequent information on the subject indicates that this test involved both fission and thermo- nuclear reactions." Explosion Described "Thermonuclear" is the word scientists use to describe a hydro- gen explosion. Unlike conventional uranium bombs, which produce their energy from the fission or splitting of atoms, the hydrogen bomb would get its explosive force from the fusion hydrogen atoms to produce helium'. Scientists have said that the only way to produce the terrific heat required to start this fusion pro- cess would be by the detonation of a conventional atomic bomb. That might account for The ex-Premier's furniture, pil-1 them with an M1 rifie. laged by the mob, was on sale in I would move quickly to settle Mos- told them to stop it. They told the Reds to limit their activities to au- thorized humanitarian missions. A .South Korean repatriated Thursday added to the stories of view, Mossadegh was willing to a Red POW holdout. He said the try. North Korean Army has a brigade I At the State Department it was of at least South Korean pris- evident that officials were main-, Rritiih ownpd oners who wouldn't be repatriated. taining an attitude of watchful! erties He said thousands of other South waiting toward the outcome of the. Korean prisoners were working revolution itself. None knew pre-i more than 20 hours a day in forced j cisely what remnants of popular itna'- s labor. support the ousted Mossadegh might have or what new explosive j Clements could conceivably enter soviet into the situation. there, then I went back sian government still favored in- "There were just five of us left. In our new positions we fired the guns and threw grenades until we ran out of ammo and grenades. Then I told the men to withdraw. I Tet them go and I was covering the danger of a third world among peoples i divided equally between the towns! war has decreased, at least for reference to "both ftssion and entries. It said the Rus- of_Parker.sburg, Iowa; Whitewater, j the present. Wis.; and Palmyra Wis., to be, Stevenson, Democratic candidate ternational disarmament and a ban j used for whatever public Purposes for the presidency last year, re- the towns choose, and the Anti- (turned today from a s- i Cruelty Society. Blast Shatters "After they took off I went my- the city bazaar-at reduced prices, j selH ran and Officials in London Zahedi j they threw some grenades and WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair to- Iranian Oil Co. Some London news- expressed fear, however, .lossadegh's upset would bring new pressure on Iran from her big neighbor to the north, the Union. wounded me in the leg, I kept going but got hung up on our own wire." Nisei Wife Asks 'Was He Hurt' GALLUP, N. M. Told that her husband has won the nation's on weapons of mass destruction. Recalling that Prime Minister j Georgi M. Malenkov told the -Su- preme Soviet (Parliament) Aug. 8 that the United States no longer i held a monopoly of the hydrogen bomb, the statement charged that j I Malenkov's remarks had been used I abroad "to cause alarm, using it j with the aim of intensifying the' armaments drive." "The Soviet government p f siders it necessary to declare there j I is not, and was not, any foundation j V tVlllwIl for the communique con-j tinued. I "In accordance with the trip around the world. His over-all conclusion, he said, was that American postwar poli- i cies have been successful. thermonuclear reactions." "It will be Strauss continued, "that more than three ago the United States de- to accelerate work on all forms of atomic weapons. Both the 1951 and 1952 Eniwetok test series included tests involving similar re- action." "We have been winning the cold While there was no official elabo- war step by Stevenson told i ration, this seemed to imply a a news conference. con- sequence, the danger of world war has diminished, at least for the claim that the United Slates may have reached in the spring of 1951 a stage in hydrogen bomb devel- present. But this is no time to! opment near that at which the relax or lower our guard." i Soviets now stand. Stevenson said He traveled: The statement also, without say- through 30 countries. jing in so many words that this un- changing policy of the Soviet Un- American officials in Washing-1 highest military honor, a diminu- tive, dark-haired Nisei wife s first However, it was felt that Mossa- ton were hopeful the new govern- ment would be able to stabilize j reaction was. "Ohhh, was he hurt." degh's it re high Friday 79. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 86; minimum, 57; noon, 79; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 77 at p. m. "Wed- j moved one element of danger to the country and secure it against< U. S. interests in the Middle East, j any Communist bid for power, j The aging Premier had recently! State Department officials were given the Communist Tudeh party j reported maintaining an attitude a freer rein, in apparent belief watchful waiting, this served his own political endsj Shah to Return in trying to consolidate his power.! The 34-year-old Shah cabled a American officials believe he was call from Rome for the Iranian taking a grave risk in permitting people to obey the Zahedi govern- the Reds to build up power at a ment and announced he would re- timo of great unrest. How much i turn promptly. He was reported solid strength they still may have i trying to charter a plane to Bagh- Mrs, Terry Miyamura was awak- give her her second piece of news in a few hours. The 28-year-old Japanese-Ameri- can wife was, in her own words, "thrilled speechless" by award of the Medal of Honor to her newly liberated husband, Sgt. Hiroshi H. Miyamura. Miyamura entered the Army PICACHO, Ariz. W giant cobblers to he said. B50 bomber was shattered by a Some of his conclusions, in an- tremendous explosion over the Arizona desert early today and plunged to the ground in flames. The 12 man crew of the four- engine ship parachuted into the i darkness and came down in the _ remains to be seen. dad, capital of Iraq, so he could j snortly after his graduation from Gallup High School in 1944. He wife, served during World War II with Zahedi is expected to follow a fly to Tehran. nesday, min. 53 at a. m. to-i strongly nationalistic line. At the! He and his 20-year-old day. Noon scattered'same time, he is said to be a' Empress Soraya, had fled after i Nisei troops in Italy. The Miyam- layer of clouds at feet, visibil-! strong friend and supporter of the i Mossadegh's forces in the Army uras were married here five years ity 15 miles, wind three miles per ;Shah. And the Shah has generally thwarted an attempt by the palace jago. Mrs. Miyamura met Hiroshi hour from northwest, barometer been counted here to be reasonable j guard to enforce a royal decree on a visit from her home in Los 30.25 falling, humidity 52 per cent. I in his attitude toward the West. i installing Zahedi. j Angeles. ion, directed toward the strength- ening of peace and security of peo- ples, the Soviet government re- peatedly offered to the govern- ments of other countries the carrying out a considerable r0cky reduction of armaments and the forbidding of the .use of atomic and other kinds of weapons of mass destruction, establishing within the framework of the United Nations organization a strict international I control of this prohibition. "The Soviet government stands severeiy injured and one had died j on this position at the present time." Russia announced her first suc- did immediately after the 1951 and 1952 test series at the Eniwetok swer to a wide variety of questions i proving Ground in the Pacific. were: j On May 25, 1951, the AEC an- "1. The spread of Communism pounced successful conclusion of has been arrested. Signs of strain 1 "experiments contributing to the and defiance are evident, cracks are opening in the and thermonuclear weapons research." _____ Iron At the time, the general interpreta- cactus and mcsquite-cover- curtain, notably in East Germany, tion was that perhaps a small j ed wasteland near towering Pi cacho Peak. I They were apparently mauled by the impact. badly The Final County sheriff's office I at Florence, some 25 miles to the j north, reported that many were Casa Grande. cess in the atomic field five years and nine months ago when Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov told the United Nations that the West's monopoly of the atom bomb "had long since ceased to exist." j stationed. "2. Since Stalin's death, it ap- pears that Russia has changed its tactics and begun a cautious re- treat, but there is yet no certain evidence that the long-term objec- tive of world domination has changed. "3. Just now, unhappily, our prestige and moral influence have at the scene. Ambulances rushed two of the declined, together with faith in our airmen to Hoemako Hospital atl judgment and our leadership." quantity of hydrogen had been fused to produce an explosion. Tests Completed Employing almost identical lan- guage after last autumn's series, the commission plelion of tests Doctors sped to the crash area with a ground rescue team from i States announced com- which "included experiments contributing to ther- monuclear weapons research." Shortly before that announce- ment, however, letters began ar- Expandins that point, Stevenson j riving in this country from mem- said the image of the United i bers of the task force conducting in its broad outlines re- Davis-Monthan Air Force Base at I mains clear and radiant. The de- Tucson where the plane was j tails however, have been blurred and distorted, he said. the Eniwetok tests. A number of them spoke of an unprecedented explosion which made an entire island disappear. Here It of Second Kinsey Book on Human Behavior By ALTON L. BLAKESLEE Associated Press Science Reporter (Editor's Note: The following summary of the new Dr. Alfred C. Kinsey book, "Sexual Behavior in ihe Human has been prepared by Alton L, Associated Press Science editor. Dr. Kinsey does not maintain that the findings of his study arc nec- essarily average for the nation. Of the 5.940 women interviewed, some were volunteers, these facts in mind the following sum- mary is BLOOMINGTON, Ind. new Kinsey Report released to-- day finds women stay young longer than men in sex activity. Human sex lives, it also finds, are as different as fingerprints. The only basic sex difference between men and women is men- tal or psychological, the female book says. Most some surprising aroused as often as men- by sights, talk, or anticipation of sex. Most women need steady physical contact to achieve sex satis- faction. As many persons suspected, it finds the roaring 20s really brought a sharp change in American women's sex lives. They changed toward less frigidity in marriage, and more experience and freedom before marriage Dr. Alfred C. Kinsey authorized publication today of the scien- tific findings in his long-awaited second book, "Sexual Behavior in the Human Female." It. is more than just satisfies or candid confessions of what wom- en do. By comparing men and women, it offers keys for happier marriages and sounder sex laws. Five unusual chapters tell _the full science of'sex. Some main findings are: Ten per cent of wives remain frigid, never experiencing a sexual climax. So do 2S per cent of older single women. Yet many such inexperienced women advise youths about sex, or help draft sex laws. One in four per cent or some time com- mits adultery, ultimately have extra-marital affairs. Some hus- bands encourage wives to do so. About half of all women have sex'relations before marriage, about half of them just with fiances. Only about two-thirds ever reach a climax in these pre-marital relations. Most women reach ;i peak of sexual activities about the age 27 or 28. Once they reach can be earlier or later than that usually maintain a steady level of activity until their 50s or 60s, with little decline from aging. But most men reach a peak of activity in their late 'teens, then steadily decline with age. The male peak is most often far higher than women's, so that male activity remains higher throughout life than the activity of most females. But the fact is most men are growing old in sexual capacity when their wives are becoming more interested and less inhibited in sex. This difference often leads to marital problems. It's still a mystery why women don't show this aging effect. Of 33 kinds of psychological arousals toward sex, only three stimulated higher percentages of women than men. These included seeing romantic movies and reading romantic literature. A third of women are not aroused at all by -any psychosex- ual stimuli. But 2 to 3 per cent are far more aroused than any man. Trouble often comes when men expect women to react psycho- logically as men do. Men often fail to realize that women are more easily distracted from sex by noises or interruptions. The ease of male mental arousal accounts for husbands' wanting more frequent sexual contact, and men's difficulty in getting along with- out it. Wives often fail to understand that. The sex response involves 20 bodily or physical changes, includ- ing faster pulse, higher blood pressure, shortage of oxygen, rapid breathing, lessened ability to see and hear. Anger involves 14 of these same changes. Anger thus equals sex minus six. This could explain some sex crimes, "why frustrated sexual response so readily turns into anger or or anger can lead on to sex. It could explain why marital quarrels sometimes lead to love-making. Basically, there's no difference in the anatomy and physiology of sex response in men and women. The nerve endings involved are the same. At marriage, about one-third of women have never had a sexual climax, through any method. But almost 100 per cent of men have. The woman who experiences a climax before marriage, by any method, has a two to three times better chance of achieving sex- ual success earlier in marriage. Kinsey says the meaning of this must be studied. No two persons are exactly alike in their sex lives, none fits en- tirely into all the averages Kinsey has yet found. Each person can easily believe that what she or he does is normal. This individual variation "is the most persistent reality of hu- man sexual qualities found in only one sex or the other." Women show greater extremes in sex than do men. While some remain frigid, 14 per cent regularly have multiple cli- maxes during one sex act. One woman of 90 is still having regular sexual experience. Women sense this greater variation, and so hesitate to dis- cuss their sex lives with other women. This lack of comparing notes is often a reason for women's ignorance about sex. Parents in the 20s, -the time of the big change, were right in complaining about wildness of the younger generation. Since then there's been little change, and less criticism, from parents because the parents had done the same things themselves. The change in the 20s has reduced frigitity in marriage by one- third to one-half what it was among wives born before 1900. Females do not develop earlier sexually than males. It is a mystery why adolescent girls are slower than boys to develop in sexual responsiveness, KINSEY BOOK (Continued on Page 7, Column 2) ;