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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 20, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Cooler Tonight, Generally Fair On Thursday VOLUME 52, NO. 157 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 20, 1952 Do Your Back-ro-School Shopping Now TWENTY-FOUR PAGES' Winona Flier Killed In Texas Air Crasri First Lieutenant Verne Armstrong, 33, former assistant manager of the Winona Municipal Airport, was killed Tuesday in an aircraft ac- cident near San Marcos Air Force Base, Buda, Tex. Notification of their son's death, received at 5 p. m. Tuesday by Mr. and Mrs. Jan Armstrong, 817 W. Wabasha St., did not include any details of the mishap. The telegram from Col. William F. Stewart, commanding officer of the base, stated simply that Lt. Armstrong had been killed in the accident about four miles north of San Marcos. Up to noon today, the air base public relations office had not re- leased any information to The Republican-Herald. A veteran of Air Force service in World War II, Lt. Armstrong was commissioned as a pilot March 12, 1944, after graduation from the Air Force two-engine school at Wil- liam Field, Chandler, Ariz. Later, he served as a fighter pilot in the South Pacific. At the time of the dedication of the Municipal Airport in June, 1949, Armstrong was appointed as- sistant manager and served in that capacity until last summer. His resignation from the post became Tst Lt. Verne Armstrong effective a year ago today. After leaving Winona, he was employed as a civilian instructor for the Air Force and later re- turned to active duty with the Air TODAY Top Issues May Not Be Aired By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON is practical- ly certain by now that none of the real issues confronting this country will be realistically dis- cussed in the presidential cam- paigns. After four years away from Washington, Gov. Stevenson presumably doesn't know the size of the skeleton in the policy-mak- ers' cupboard. Gen. Eisenhower, who does know, won't tell; or at least the general has shown no sign of telling to date. Take, for instance, the dispute that has recently riven the higher echelons of the State Department, the Defense Department and the National Security Council with de- bate and discord. A review of American's strategic situation, present and projected, was quietly initiated some time ago. In part, the purpose of this review was to get a firm foundation for the 1954 foreign and defense budgets, which must be presented to Congress just after the New Year. In part, al- so, it was desired to have a con- cise, over-all picture ready for President Truman's successor. Brutal Truth No sooner was this strategic re- view launched, however, than a very great and fundamental ques> tlon brutally presented itself. The question was indeed the ques- tion still is whether to shape American policies by estimates of Soviet capabilities, or by estimates of Soviet intentions. The question cannot be avoided for a reason as simple as it is bleak. A great many authorities, including some of the wisest men in the government, do not think the Western defense effort, as now planned, can possibly reach its an- nounced goals. Despite the hopeful public talks, the balance of power in the world is not shifting in our favor. We are growing stronger, but the Soviet empire is growing stronger still. The arguments for this pessimis- tic estimate are part secret and part obvious. In the decade, 1945- 1955, for instance, any student of the subject can perceive that the total Soviet military investment will be far greater, in real terms, than Western investment. We are investing more now, proportional- ly. Yet over-all, in the ten years since the war, many hundreds of millions more man hours will be devoted, directly and indirectly, to the Soviet war'effort than to West- ern defense. By the same token many tens of millions more tons_of raw. materials will have been in- vested in Soviet war preparations than in Western reasonable guess is that the ratio of steel investment will finally work out at two and a half to one in favor of the Kremlin. Measure of Deficit These figures, and not the dol- lar of ruble costs, are the right measures of Soviet and Western effort in the postwar- decade. To judge the dimensions of the mili- tary machine which is the Soviet end product, one need only look at the balance of forces in Europe. In comparatively prosperous West- ern Europe, with important Amer- ican aid, Gen. Matthew B. Ridg- way will hardly be able to muster 25 ready divisions and 20 rather dubious reserve divisions by the end of this year. The NATO force may balance the Russian force in Europe or in reserve for Europe. But in the satellites, with their ALSOPS (Continued on Page 21, Column 5.) Force at Texas. stations in Florida and 15 Head of Cattle Killed at Kenyon KENYON, Minn. Fifteen head of cattle, six of them reg- istered Ayrshires, were killed by a lightning bolt early today on the George and Tom Henry farm ten miles southeast of here. The cattle were standing on a slab of concrete next to a silo when they were struck. Loss was estimated at Corporation Tax 3 Billion Less Than Estimates By FRANCIS J. KELLY WASHINGTON dfi Congres- sional money experts expressed surprise today at President Tru- man's estimate that direct taxes on corporations this fiscal year will yield three billion dollars less than he had figured in his budget seven months ago. However, among the few law- makers available for comment on the revised budget estimates re- leased last night, none challenged the possibility that the drop-back point has been reached. Rep. Daniel A. Reed of New Lt. Armstrong was last in Wi-jyorki ranking Republican on the nona about a month igo he tax-writing House Ways and Means came here to attend the funeral of his grandmother. Approximately two weeks ago, Mrs. Armstrong and their five chil- dren Gregory, 11; Sharron, 9; Christene, 6; Robert, 2, and Scott, B to Texas to visit Lt. Armstrong until the beginning of the school term here this fall. The" Armstrongs reside at 4864 6th St., Good view. His parents said that he recently had been a student in a helicopter school at San Marcos. In Winona, Lt. Armstrong had been active in activities of the Junior Chamber of Commerce and was a former regional vice presi- dent of the Jaycees. He also held several offices in the local Junior of Commerce organiza- served as chairman of Chamber tion and various ccmmittees charged with arrangements for Steamboat Days activities. Prior to entering service, he was a member of Flight 9657th Air Reserve Training Squadron in Winona. Born in Pleasant Hill Township near Ridgeway May 28, 1919, Lt. Armstrong moved to Winona with his parents when he was an infant. He attended the Winona Public Schools and was a graduate of the Winona Senior High School, He married the former Rosellen Lyons, Minneapolis, June In addition to his wife, children and parents, he is survived by a brother, Allyn Armstrong, current- ly serving aboard a Merchant Ma- rine vessel at sea, and a sister, Mrs. Delbert Maus, Minneapolis. The body will be returned to Wi- nona for burial, but funeral ar- rangements as yet are incomplete. Painter Electrocuted MINNEAPOLIS HV- Trying to Committee, said it had been evi- dent to him for some time that re- tail business- has been lagging. He observed that such a condition could hardly exist without a back- last on manufacturers. Expected Higher Rep. Herman P. Eberharter of Pennsylvania, a ways and means Democrat, called the decrease in the probable take from corpora- tions "unexpected." He said his personal opinion had been that business tax receipts would have been somewhat higher than the January estimate of The Budget Bureau's of government' income estimate has run rather consistently lower than ac- tual receipts on most recent years. In his new look at the budget, Truman figured that not only re- ceipts but spending and the year- end deficit are coming down for the fiscal year which ends next June 30. He lowered his estimate of receipts from 71 billion dollars to of expenditures, from to 79 billion dollars; and of the deficit, from to One exception to the downtrend was individual income taxes, which will bring in about 33Vi billion dol- lars, or half a billion more than the January estimate. Truman said his current esti- mate that corporation taxes will be was instead of based on two factors: a lower estimate of corp- oration profits for calendar years 1951 and 1952, and added experi- ence with the provisions of the excess profits tax of 1950 and last fall's tax increase bill. Out of Military Funds All but 100 million dollars of the estimated decrease in expenditures was out of military Ike Calling on U.S. to Follow Middle Ground Urges Nation to Reject Extreme Right and Left U.S. Asks Britain To Give Iran Aid regain his balance while on a military foot perch, a painter put out his right hand Tuesday. He inadvert- ently touched a power line carry- ing volts, and was electro- cuted. The victim, 41-year-old Harold Nuquist of Minneapolis, was paint- ing a guard tower on the main gate at Northern Ordnance's plant in suburban Fridley. assistance. Truman explained that been not reductions in appropriations but some slowing of military produc- tion resulting from the work stop- page in the steel industry." Other segments of the budget were up or down' a few hundred million dollars from the first of year estimates. Buster, Whose Owner is teaching him. to be a roller-skating rooster, glides under a playmate's legs during a practice run at Los Angeles. Buster's legs are taped to the skates. His owner, Billy Lehr, gives him a push and Buster rolls along until his mo- mentum stops. Once in a while Buster lifts one skate as if he's al- most getting the idea. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH DENVER UP) Dwight D. Eisen- hower loaded his campaign guns for a speech today attacking the Democrats and calling on America to follow a middle-ground course, "rejecting both the extreme left and right." The Republican presidential nom- inee flies from his Denver head- quarters to Boise, Idaho, to make a major address tonight from the State Capitol steps. Aides were de- scribing it as the general's first frankly political speech since he became the party's standard bear- er July 11. To Meet Governors Eisenhower arranged to confer first in Boise with the Republican governors of 10 Western states. They planned a campaign discus- sion of matters of special interest to the West such as reclama- tion, soil conservation and water power. In advance of the campaign j speech, Eisenhower's executive! secretary, Arthur H. Vandenberg Jr., put out a statement setting forth points the general expected to cover. Vandenberg said: "Gen. Eisenhower in his speech today at Boise will denounce the attempts of leftist political groups to monopolize agreed social goals and to claim that theirs is the only way to achieve them. Raps Wild Schemes "The present administration, the general will charge, is running this year with new faces but will con- tinue to offer schemes like the Brannan farm plan, socialized me- dicine and bigger and more cen- tralized government as its only so- lution to some of the pressing problems that confront America today. "The general will say that some goals on which Americans today i are agreed employment and good wages, adequate security for old age, better education, better housing, protection of the rights of labor, protection of the right to earn and save, stable agriculture _ can be won only if America chooses a course squarely down the middle, rejecting both the ex- treme right and extreme left." Vandenberg's reference to a middle-ground course and rejection of both the extreme right and left recalled advice given to Eisenhow- er recently fay Republican Gov. Val Peterson of Nebraska. Great Middle Ground Peterson told newsmen at the time that he had advised the gen- eral that the "great middle ground of America" was where the votes are. He said Eisenhower ought to ignore the extremes. j Eisenhower himself told a group i jof prominent Republican women yesterday that his goal is to in- sure peace and progress for Amer- ica and to prevent the "creeping paralysis of any kind of 'ism." He told the group of GOP lead- ers that women can be a great help in helping to achieve that goal because "I believe their hearts and minds turn in the directions of peace, fairness and justice in the world." The purpose of the conference was to map plans to woo the women's vote in November. To that end, the general an- nounced appointment of Mrs. Kath- erine G. Howard of Boston, nation- al committeewoman from Massa- chusetts, to his personal staff. She will serve under Gov. Sherman Adams of New Hampshire, the general's political chief of staff. Eisenhower told the women to feel free to bring him their prob- lems and suggestions "so we canj be together as one team and one body, not only in November but to make sure that in the next four years there is intelligent, for- ward-looking progress to charac- terize this any creep- ing paralysis of any kind of 'ism' that is not American." Mrs. Eisenhower attended the luncheon meeting along with the general. Moving to New York In another development yester- day, a key Eisenhower associate told a reporter that the general's headquarters would be based in New York after the nominee flies there from Denver next Sunday for a speech the next day before the American Legion Convention. Temporary headquarters will be set up in New York while the general is there, but his per- sonal headquarters will be mobile as staff members accompany the general on campaign trips. Vandenberg said a political and strategy office will be opened in Washington by Gov. Adams so that the general's personal policies and decisions "may be constantly available to the Republican Na- tional Committee." A small headquarters staff, Van- denberg said, will remain in Den- ver, which he added would be the general's "main headquarters." 2 Die of Polio, 38 New Cases MINNEAPOLIS Minnesota counted 38 new cases of polio to- day and two more deaths caused by the disease. The State "Health 'Department said the new figures raised to 674 the number of cases reported for the year to date. The death total went to 38. Latest fatalities were an 18- month-old boy from Nicollet County and a 24-year-old woman from Scott County. The figures were still far below those of 1946, when Minnesota had cases reported and 226 deaths attributed to polio. Alaska Termed Safe Under New Defense Plan ANCHORAGE, Alaska ka is safe from enemy attack as a result of perfection of the "heart- land concept" in the last two years, the acting chief of the Air Force told the Anchorage Chamber of Commerce Monday night. Fresh from briefing on the la- test problems and achievements in the defense program, Gen. Nathan S. Twining was introduced as the originator of the defense concept which has been set up to make the territory invulnerable to a sur- prise attack. He pointed out that Alaska is too big to plan defenses for every mile of the vast interior and exten- sive shorelines. The heartland con- cept was adopted to give the mili- tary a strong core near Anchorage and Fairbanks from which opera- tions could be extended quickly to the far corners of the territory. "You can relax now for the first time because you are safe. Nobody is going to bother the place. And we are going to keep it that way. We are always plugging to get the job done." he said. Gen. Omar Bradley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, told the chamber he was encouraged by the progress made in Alaska's j defense program. "Three years ago I was consid- erably worried about what we had he said, "The short build- ing season made it difficult to build defenses but when I see what we have here today I am encour- aged. I am not worried the way I was." 2 Million Dollar Manganese Plant Set (or Riverton MINNEAPOLIS two mil- lion dollar pilot plant will be built near Riverton, Minn., to recover manganese from low grade ores on the Cuyuna range, with con- struction due to begin within 30 days. That announcement was made here late Tuesday by Manganese] Chemicals Corporation, a Minneap- olis firm. A spokesman predicted the plant will be completed within a year. He said operations will commence as soon as the construc- tion is completed. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy and a little cooler tonight. Thursday fair with moderate temp- erature. Low tonight 62, high Thursday 78. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 in. today: Maximum, 81; minimum, 67; noon, 81; precipitation, .26; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) Max. temp. 81 at noon today, low 66 at p. m. Tuesday. Noon five miles per hour from northwest, clouds at feet broken and feet overcast. Visibility 15 miles, humidity 76 per cent, barometer 29.80 steady. Additional weather on Page 21. The John P. Crarys of Fargo, N. D., hold their third consecutive set of boy-girl twins, born recently. Crary has an unamused Jo Anne in his arms. Mrs. Crary, 35. who says twins are "less trouble than is holding her newest son, Timothy. In front are Maura and Michael, four-year-old twins. Behind them are Kath- leen and William, 7. Nine-year-old Jack, the only Crary child not a twin, poses between his parents. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) Adlai Won't Come Plans Complete for Ike Talk at Kasson ROCHESTER, Minn. Dwight D. Eisenhower, Republican presidential nominee, will be the sole main speaker at the National Plowing Contest at Kasson Sept. 6. This became apparent after the executive committee for the event met Tuesday night without men tioning the name of Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Illinois, the Demo- cratic nominee. The session came after a con- flict arose when both candidates had accepted dates for speeches on the same day. Robert Hurrle, Rochester, platform program chairman, ruled that was too much because "we'd never get any plow- ing done." Monday night, Hurrle's group asked Stevenson to advance his speech to Sept. 5, when the Min- nesota state plowing contest is to be held over the same Kasson terrain. Stevenson spokesmen turn- ed that suggestion down. Eisenhower will be introduced by Gov. C. Elmer Anderson, whose 'Queen of Rainy Lake' to Reign On Mississippi INTERNATIONAL FALLS, Minn. long known as the "Queen of Rainy Lake" is on her way to a new Mississippi River. Eva is a 60-foot yacht, believed among the largest ever to sail in _.____________ Minnesota waters. She James Faber, attended j was owned until this week by Ray the Tuesday night committee meet- ing. Under present plans, the general will fly here the morning of his speech "and leave immedi- ately after. Hurrle said both Minnesota sena- tors, Democrat Hubert H. Humph- rey and Republican Edward J. Thye, would be invited to occupy the speakers' platform when con- test prizes are awarded late on the afternoon of Sept. 6. Justice Loring's Son Honored in Korea ST. PAUL Major Gladdon L. Loring, son of Chief Justice Charles Loring of the Minnesota Supreme Court, "has been awarded the Bronze Star medal for "merit- orious service" in Korea. Major Loring's wife and two children reside in St. Paul. Mrs. Loring received a copy of the cita- tion from' her husband, now on duty in the Pacific. Indian's Oil Dividend CARDSTON, Canada of the Blood Reservation near here have just received their first divi- dend from the sale of their oil rights. The initial dividend was Several companies now are making tests on the reservation and two oil wells are being drilled. B. Sullivan, International postmaster. Sullivan sold the craft to Her- Move Suggested To Help Avert Communist Coup Would Keep Oil From Falling Into Hands of Russians By JOHN A. SCAL! WASHINGTON W The United States reportedly has urged Britain to join in an Anglo-American emer- gency aid program for strategic Iran to avert a possible Commu- nist coup. Secretary of State Acheson is re- ported to have made this plea in a memorandum to British Foreign Secretary Anthony ESen within the past 10 days. Acheson is said to have stressed the need for quick joint action, to keep Iran's vast oil resources from falling by default into Russian hands. American diplomats who dis- closed this to a reporter today in- dicated the British are decidedly cool to Acheson's idea, but appar- ently have not flatly rejected it. Acheson told Eden, they -said, the United States is prepared to give an immediate "token" grant of around five to 10 million dollars to Iran if Britain simultaneously would: Buy Tons of Oil 1. Buy the two million tons of refined oil and oil products now stored in huge tanks along the Per- sian Gulf. This would bring the Iranian government about 35 to 40 million dollars, at present world market prices. 2. Declare Britain's willingness to abide by international arbitra- tion of its long-standing dispute with Iran over nationalization of the IVi billion dollar Anglo-Iranian Oil Co. Under pressure from Washing- ton, American and British diplo- mats are urgently exploring possi- ble solutions to the British-Iranian argument. The oil dispute has blocked the flow of petroleum to the West for 14 months and has choked off the Iranian govern- ment's main source of revenue. Britain's coolness to the Ameri- can idea, officials said, stems from a belief that to buy any oil would undercut Britain's legal argument that the oil already belongs to the British. The British Cabinet is scheduled to meet in London today with Prime Minister Churchill to con- sider a reply to an invitation from Iranian Prime Minister Moham- med Mossadegh to resume oil ne- gotiations. West's Only Hope Acheson's suggestion apparently was intended to guide the British in drawing up an answer. Ameri- can officials believe that Mossa- degh's regime, nationalist as it is, Falls represents the West's only hope of averting chaos. Further, they be- man Belz. Dick Hollenback and R. iE. Hacking. Hacking, operator of 'the Machinery Exchange Mar- ket, Inc., in Minneapolis, said the craft was being trucked there to be put into the river. Boy Killed, 13 Hurt in Brainerd Area Accidents BRAINERD, Minn, iffl A boy was killed Tuesday and 13 other persons were hospitalized as the result of three accidents in the Brainerd area. Billy Holsapple, 11, son of Mr. and Mrs. James Holsapple, of near Brainerd, died when he fell or jumped from a truck in which he i was riding with his father this morning. An accident about noon today put four-year-old Stuart West, son of Mr. and Mrs. Howard West, Rochester, in St. Joseph's Hospital where he was reported in fair con- dition. The boy was struck by a car while crossing a street. A headqn collision involving two cars on Highway 18, at the 17-mile corner east of Brainerd, late Mon- day sent 12 persons to Brainerd and Crosby hospitals. lieve an emergency aid program is essential to stabilize conditions, pay civil servants and lessen the threat of a Communist-led up- heaval. Such an aid program, they rea- son, would also prove to Mossa- degh that Britain and the United States intend to support his gov- iernment and may persuade him to I make concessions on his side. Behind the American attitude is a fear that Iran's oil wound re- lieve a shortage now hampering the buildup of the Soviet war ma- chine. Any Rusian takeover of Iran also would put the Russians astride the Mideastern corridor with particular threat to Turkey. Pakistan and India, and would seriously jeopardize Western de- fense plans. Chippewa Falls Woman Killed EMMETSBURG, la. A high- way accident four miles west of here Tuesday killed Mrs. George Marshall, 61, Chippewa Falls, Wis., and injured two others. Miss Jean Daleen, 56, Minne- apolis, driver of the car, said the left rear tire blew out and caused her to lose control of 4he vehicle which careened across'a highway and overturned in a ditch. Merchants Feature Supplies for School Opening ;