Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 19, 1953, Winona, Minnesota
Fair, Little Change in Temperature Take Your Republican-Herald On Your Vacation VOLUME 53, NO. 155 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 19, 1953 TWENTY-TWO PAGES Royalists in Iran Oust Mossadegh Four-Year-Old Diana Brusca tugged for the attention of her daddy, Patrolman Sebastian Brusca, at a New York City Hall ceremony Tuesday when he was sworn into the police force. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) U.S. Fears Chiang Attacks on China By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER "WASHINGTON united States is supplying substantial modern military equipmenfto Chi- nese Nationalist forces on Formosa bility of attacks on the Communist mainland which could be expected to provoke Red retaliation and thereby involve the U. S, 7th Fleet. Information available here indi- Ilcac nauujjtfiiai. iuiuca vii A uiniujci but has reserved for itself a power- i cated that an agreement with the ful voice over anv possible major government of Chiang Kai-shek to operations by them against Red assure tne United States a voice China. Officials who reported this said the American government is espe- cially concerned about the possi- TODAY 2 Issues Hurt U.S., France By STEWART ALSOP in major strategic decisions did not affect the kind of harassing operations which Chiang's forces have long been carrying on against Communits units on islands near the mainland. U.N. to Insist On Return of All Prisoners 75 More U. S. POWs Released By Communists By WILLIAM J. WAUGH PANMUNJOM Seventy five 'more Americans were liberated here today as the U.N, Command prepared to deliver a stern note to the Communists demanding re- turn of all Allied captives. The note, which one Allied of- ficer described as "very was to be handed the Reds at Wednes- day's session of the Joint Com- mittee for the Repatriation of Pris- oners of War. The largest group of Allied soldiers yet turned back in one day rode into Panmunjom to- day in open trucks. And 130 Americans liberated earlier anxiously awaited the jour- ney home aboard the hospital ship Haven, scheduled to leave Inchon harbor for Japan Thursday. Only sick and wounded are aboard. Another 400 able-bodied Ameri- can repatriates start the voyage home Saturday. They will make the two-week trip from Inchon to San Francisco on the troopship Marine Adder. The Communists said 450 Allied prisoners would be repatriated from North Korea Thursday. The group will include 60 Amer- icans, 90 British and 300 South Koreans. In addition to the 75 Americans j McCarthy (R-Wis) today denounc- Koreans, raising the total in 15 U.N. Delegates To Get Russian Views on Korea Vishinsky Slated To Put Proposals Before Committee It's A Natural Smile, but with false teeth, which lights the face of Ronnie Milligan, 4, of Wedron, 111. Ronnie lost his baby teeth because of decay. A dentist created this set of false teeth. The dentist how- ever, expects Ronnie's perma- nent teeth to be all right. (AP Wirephoto) Sen. McCarthy Denounces U.S. Printing Off ice WASHINGTON W) Sen. on its payroll days to of the Allied j various workers named in FBI soldiers the Reds said they held. reports as Communists, He ques- HTmilwrt lifa iinHar' i back to life under Com- Moving oacK TO iiieunaer uom-, u d h ft that munist rule were 602 shouting flag- vaving North Koreans, the small-) remotely intelligent security pro- group of Reds yet delivered by cedure. he U.N. Command. UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. Wary United Nations delegates waited for an explanation later today of the Soviet Union's Korean political conference proposals from Russia's Andrei Vishinsky. Chief U. S. Delegate Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. called them a "sleazy maneu- ver." Lodge declared the resolution Vishinsky put before the U.N. As- sembly's Political Committee yes- terday was designed to let the Communists dominate the peace. parley. Other delegates reserved comment on the Russian proposal. Vishinsky was expected to speak j before the committee today. i The Soviet program called for the peace conference to be made up of 11 countries, including five "neutrals." This ran directly coun- ter to American desires to limit the talks to nations whose troops fought in Korea. Russia proposed these confer- ence members: 1. Three U.N. members whose troops fought on the U.N. United States, Britain and France South Korea; 2. The two Communist belliger- ents-North Korea and Communist cast which said followers of the Shah had taken over the govern- ment and that Mossadegh had been replaced by Gen. Fazollah Zahedi. For the time being the broadcast account was unconfirm- ed by any other information. Authorities here were initially somewhat surprised by the Tehran broadcast. Since Royalists had to seize the government Mossadegh four days ago Partially Disguised by dark glasses, the Shah of Iran, Reza Pahlevi and his attractive Queen Soraya arrived at Rome's Cam- pino Airport Monday from Baghdad, Iraq. The monarch was forced to flee Iran when his abortive coup to depose Premier Mossadegh failed. Back in Tehran, it was reported that a member of Mos- sadegh's government was demanding that the Shah be returned to stand trial for "treason." Today Royalist insurgents overthrew the Mossadegh government. State Dept. Keeps Close Eye on Iran By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON State Department kept close watch on turbulent Iran today, keenly aware that great issues are at' stake in the struggle for power between Premier Mossadegh and Royalist supporters. Little concrete information was available here at an early hour China; 3. Two Communist the Soviet Union and Poland; 4. Three other Sweden and Burma (all three have recognized Red The remainder of Vishinsky's :even a' proposal provided that "the de- cisions of the conference will be deemed to have been adopted if i they have the consent of the parties In reply the GPO's top personnel 1 which have signed the armistice Transfer of Reds from prison j security officer, S. Preston Hips- j agreement." off South Korea to the mainland has been hampered by typhoon wealher and the U.N. Command said it would be unable 3aiil it. VYUUJU uc uuaiuc Under some conditions, it was I to retunl more prisoners until I clear that the U. S. right to share Saturday, when it will hand over I in decisions on operations could the usual i give this country a virtual veto. while the flow prisoners con. iSuch a veto presumaoly would incident, neutral exercised on projected Nationalist mspection teams started operations military operations which would jn-1 at ports OF cntry South Korea. After a week of ironing out ad- volve American forces in a manner or to a degree inconsistent with American interests, i Officials declined, however, to say that it was in fact a right of veto which was provided in the agreement. The arrangement apparently PARIS -A great crisis, capable Srows out of, President Eisenhow- of shaking the Western Alliance i er's action last February in re- to its roots, seems -to be shaping i vokmg an order to the Fleet up here. A head-on clash between 1 prevent Chinese Nationalist at- France and the United States on tacks on the mainland 1 Subsequently, officials said last night, the United States stepped up its program of military aid to the Nationalists on Formosa. From the point of view of putting the Communists on the defensive IPV did nlant's we in all such cases. Hipsley told Mc- Carthy sharply: "I will not plead guilty to being completely stupid." The McCarthy-Hipsley exchange came after Mrs. Esther Rothschild, wife of a GPO bookbinder, refused to say whether she ever committed espionage or helped her husband, ministrative problems, the 11-man i Edward, do so. teams from four neutral nations The GPO suspended Rothschild began inspecting U.N. military Tuesday after he refused to tell personnel and supplies pouring in McCarthy's Senate Investigations and out of five South Korean j Subcommittee whether he is a ports. This raised the question of nations Vishinsky considers armistice. The document bears the signatures of only Gen. Mark Clark for the U.N. Command of 16 U.N. nations and South Korea, Gen. Peng Teh- huai. commander of the "Chinese People's and Gen. Nam II of North Korea. I Communist or whether he stole And Peiping radio said the Com- j .secret documents from the print- munists have set up offices at the ing office. One question Rothschild five North Korean ports of entry i refused to answer was whether he to maintain liaison with inspection i engaged in espionage as recently teams which arrived Monday. as 10 days ago. two vital issues the Indo-Chinese war and the European now appears almost inevitable. Of these two issues, the Indo- Chinese war may well present the most dangerous possibilities. This is true, paradoxically, despite the fact that the French government has communicated to Washington the most hopeful program yet put forward for bringing the war to a successful conclusion. This plan, jointly conceived by Prime Minis- ter Joseph Laniel and General Hen- ri Navarre, French commander in Indo-China, can be reliably outlined and possibly causing them to tie up forces in the area opposite For- mosa, this fitted in with American plans. However, the President had left the 7th Fleet with the responsibility of protecting Formosa against as- sault by the Communists. This meant that as the Nationalist forces became stronger, they DIGGING SINCE ARMISTICE as follows: Offers 9 Battalions First, for their part, the French Jn ght undertake a big operation Young Marine Busy After Korean Truce By FORREST EDWARDS WESTERN FRONT, Korea young Marine straightened up from the newly dug trench, massaged the small of his back and mopped sweat off his face. "We've been digging, digging, ever since the said Miss. promise to send nine fresh bat- talions of troops from metropoli- tan France, to strengthen the ex- military action with Chinese W. Blackwell "But don't get me wrong. I'm Communist forces. That, in turn, could have an incalculable effect i on the whole international situa- i j tion. As a j tions result of such considera- in the decision. isting French forces in Indo-Chi na. Gen. Navarre originally asked for 12 men in all. But after a good look at the bare French military cupboard, j; Laniel countered with an offer of woum nine battalions, which Navarre jn advance of any such opera- cepted as a reasonable minimum. tlon and that lf have a voice Second, the French government is ready at last to offer genuine, rather than mere paper independ-1 k ence to the associated states of In-1 IVllS. do-China. The Laniel-Navarre plan j -j- _ A calls for actually turning over pow-1 (0 AppOmi er from French to Indo-Chinese j officials, as rapidly as possible, in) order to make independence real and visible to the Indo-Chinese. I ST. PAUL Mrs. Mike Holm, Third, the French promise to secretary of state, told the Execu- make a really serious effort to Stive Council today she hoped to build a genuinely independent Viet! save the state to Namese nationalist. anti-Commu- year by appointing deputy motor nist army in Indo-China, modeled -vehicle registrars in every county kicking. I'd rather do some- thing like this than have men get- ting killed like before the armis- tice." All across the 150-mile front, Al- a vi jutd vt'ii-xut. i vi i informants said, the United Ilicd were swinging picks got an agreement with the I and f abbmg spades into Korea's neat red clay hills. They were building arid consulted Inew earthen fortifications south of t'np r'AfnilitnriTorl on the ROK army in Southern Ko- rea. The theory is that such an in the state. She said mailing of automobile demilitarized zone. Others engaged in dangerous mine removal work. Scores of small parties went over ground us- ing the most modern of detectors i but' even so risking accident and death. Clean Equipment Some men in the forward areas were in salvage operations, bring- ing back equipment for cleaning, repair and further use. Engineers were repairing roads and bridges. North of Munsan, Army engineers were hard at work on a huge tent city for North Korean and Chinese prisoners of war who have said they do not want to be sent back behind the "Bamboo Curtain." The tent city will house army, plus the strengthened! license plates will cost approx- Prpnrh armV Will be able tO dp-'im-ltnlv i noiV thic vesv "ul iljc i-uiuyouj noa ioiu wiic, uu5 feat dcffil, the Communist i.ploUs from a ylar their fate is decided. trenches, built bunkers and cleared armies in Indo-China. short of Ai- R" troops flew to Japan. From the air, the new Allied front looks quite different from the old one with its connected trenches. from Ike in New York For Busy Round Of Conferences Appeal Sent To Young Shah To Return Home General Zahedi New Premier, Reports Claim BULLETIN LONDON OP) Don Schwind, Associated Press correspond- ent in Iran, said tonight in a broadcast over Tehran radio that forces loyal to the Shah had overthrown Premier Mo- hammed Mossadegh "in nine hours of bloody street fight- LONDON Tehran Hadio said Royalists today seized the Iranian government, sent aged Premier Mohammed Mossadegh fleeing for his life and called the Shah to return at once to his throne. The terse broadcast gave no de- tails. All other communications with the Middle East oil capital were shut off, so that there was no way of confirming the dramat- ic report. The report said Mossadegh had escaped, but that his foreign Min- ister, Houssein Fatemi "had been torn to presumably by a mob. Dispatches filed earlier from Teh- ran told of mob violence and po- lice gunfire. But these accounts said the dis- orders were caused by police ef- forts to halt Nationalist supporters of Mossadegh and Communists I from continuing frenzied demon- strations against the Shah. Iran's handsome 33-year-old rul- er, Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi, Western delegates pointed out j cnoice they undoubtedly would pre- that the Soviet conference lineup jfer to sce the Shah's people rather when the Shah fled the country, it j had been assumed that their abili-) NEW YORR- Eisen. ty to act effectiveiv was probably crippled for the time. hower flew into New York today United States Ambassador Loy for a busy round of conferences Henderson saw Mossadegh Tues- and a speech at the dedication of a day and gained the impression that Mossadegh was firmly in the saddle despite the great ferment among the population. If the United States, Britain and other Western countries had a would include only four countries I than which under the flag in power. Offi- night from i diiu uiiJiuuicn-ii'diiy, nOvVeVGr, j and that a combination of the Com-1 their attitude so far has been one I tafing 32. million dollar federal housing project. The President, interrupting his Western vacation for 24 hours, ar- rived at New Field aboard his plane, Columbine, 7 a'm' He made the flight over" munist nations and the "neutrals could outvote the others. A lull in the Assembly's busi- of hands-off neutrality. Officials here and in London have felt for a long time that I Eisenhower left the field to go I directly to his suite at the Wal- dorf-Astoria towers for an appoint- ness was expected after Vishinsky Mossadegh, an ailing old man and speaks while delegates study his extreme Nationalist, was impossi- statement, confer with one another and consult their governments at home. A scheduled meeting this morning was canceled because no delegates wanted to speak before the Russian explained his resolu- tion. Wife, 3 Children See Farmer Killed In Tractor Mishap LANCASTER, Wis. A farm- er's wife and three children were shocked witnesses Monday when j triumph over the followers of the the tractor Don Kaufman, 27, was Shah. driving toppled into a ditch, pin- ning him beneath it to cause his to do business with in a ra- tional manner. Several attempts to settle Iran's basic economic-political problem- its paralyzing dispute with Britain over oil nationalization two have failed in negotiations with Mossadegh. Mossadegh has also shown a tendency, alarming in the Western view, to give rein to Iran's Tudeh Communist party when it suited his own immediate political pur- pose. The Communists, for ex- ample, have recently been active and Tuesday claimed credit in con- nection with Mossadegh's apparent Mohammed Mossadegh ment with Vice President Nixon fled from the country with hij and other newly appointed mein-j beautiful queen, Soraya, last Sun- bers of a government committee j day when Mossadegh's forces to help prevent employment dis-1 crushed an attempt to oust the old crimination in plants with federal j premier and install the Shah's contracts. Later in the morning the Presi- dent has appointments with J. Russel Sprague, Republican na- choice a pro-western general, Fazollah Zahedi. The Shah and Queen arrived in Rome Tuesday. The report from Tehran today tional conimitteeman from New said Zahedi had been installed as York; William L. Pfeiffer, GOP chairman of New York state; Harold Riegelman, GOP candidate the new' premier. Rode f0 Power Hawk-nosed, weepy old Mossa- death. Kaufman's wife and children were following him in a car when the accident occurred. Kaufman apparently turned in the tractor The new line is more a series of i seat to call back to his wife and islands" of dug-in positions on key j lost control of the machine, which hills. Bunkers Dismantled I plunged off a town road. Dropped to The old line looks like a jagged I scar across the ridgetops. Bunkers have been dismantled. Sandbag) Victims in Formosa barricades are gone. j The halt in the shooting did not j TAIPEH, Formosa ffl Chinese mean the end of soldiering. Day Nationalist Air Force planes are and night, security patrols move just ahead of the new Allied lines, always on the alert. Everywhere the men who fought in the bloody battles must stay in condition for any further fighting which might be necessary. Every divisioa has its own training pro- gram. Let's look at what one company has done since the Charlie Company of one battalion of the 1st Marine Division on the Western Front. That's Blackwell's outfit. The company has laid wire, dug rect Chinese Communist intervcn- tion, within two years or less. Thereafter, the evacuation of the French army from Indo-China can begin. So much for the French part of the bargain which Laniel has proposed to American Ambassador (Continued on Page 16, Column 2.) ALSOPS To Country Home has been mostly little play for U. N. troops since the armistice was signed July 27 but an easier life lies ahead. The JU. S. 8th Army is planning a big LONDON I.TI Minister j move in its recreation and study Churchill returned to his country I programs. home today after a visit to Lon- j Already there has been a marked don. He looked pale and walked I increase in the number of men slowly as he left his official resi-Iflown out daily from Seoul for five dence to take a car for Chart- well, his country estate. day' rest and relaxation in Japan. Sunday, more than "R and fields of area north of the line into which they would shoot if the Communists broke the truce. The men complain about the work but are aware it is necessary. "I don't think we will need these new said Pfc. Walter Ackerina of Brooklyn, N. Y. "But I don't believe in taking chances." "These positions are the finest we ever boasted 2nd Lt. Richard J. Bryne of Newark, N. J. dropping food to residents of three villages cut off by flood wat- ers in west-central Formosa since Monday, when the Ta-An River burst through dikes. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and with little change in temperature to- night and Thursday. Low tonight 56, high Thursday 82. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 84; minimum, 56; noon, 78; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 81 at p. m. Tuesday, min. 50 at a. m. today. Noon readings sky clear, visibility 15 miles, wind 3 miles per hour from northeast, barome- ter 30.27 steady, humidity 49. It is the Communist threat to !ule takes mm to the board of elec' Iran with its rich oil resources and !tlons' where ne Wl11 register for the its strategic position between the I November municipal elections, and key countries of India and Turkey then to the Baruch houses and which is the principal source of playground, where he is to speak worrv here. briefly. for mayor of New York City; andjdegh rode to power in April 1951 Ogden Reid, president of the his powerful Nationalist de- ropean edition of the New York! mands for government seizure of Herald Tribune. the vast 30-million-ton a year oil U. S. Secretary of Labor Martin I industry from the British, who had Durkin is to lunch with Eisenhow- j controlled the country's life blood er. for half a century. His refusal The President's afternoon sched- to compromise in his program na- tionalizing the billion dollar Anglo-Iranian Oil Co. shut off the flow of oil to the West and caused a bitter break in diplomatic rela- tions between Iran and Britain. The Shah and his queen were eating lunch at their Rome hotel when they heard the report of the overthrow. Excitedly, the Shah said he was eager to return to his coun- try. The man who read the invitation to the Shah over Tehran radio said: "At this time the people have been able to capture the capital. We are eagerly waiting for your return." Before this, the first announce- jment of the Royalist overthrow of I Mossadegh followed much confused shouting in the radio station, ac- cording to monitors in London. The latest revolutionary bid may out to be shortlived be- cause the Nationalist-minded Mos- sadegh still commands tremendous support in the bazaars and in the slums. The Tehran broadcasts were picked up here by monitors of the British Broadcasting Corp. The Royalist broadcast built up a picture of complete victory, with Mossadegh fleeing for his life. Harold Riegelman, left, enjoyed a joke today with President Eisenhower during a visit by the Republican candidate for mayor of New York City to .Ike's one-day headquarters in the Waldorf- Astoria Hotel in New York. Riegelman recently resigned as act- ing postmaster of New York City to accept the GOP nomination. Ike flew from Colorado and his vacation to attend .a round of meetings in New York and to speak at a dedication of a housing project. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) i1 i' Gravel Truck Kills Boy BURLINGTON, Wis. W- Keith Bergdahl, 8-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Hudson Bergdahl, was killed Tuesday when a gravel truck hit him., The truck driver said Keith shot out of an alley on his bicycle and into the path of the truck.