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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 18, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Wednesday, Temperature Same Chiefs at Rochester Tonight at 8, KWNO AM-FM VOLUME 53, NO. 154 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 18, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES Reds Release 75 More U.S. War Prisoners Americans Returned in Last 14 Days By WILLIAM J. WAUGH PANMUNJOM ue> -Seventy-five more Americans streamed back to freedom today as the great Korean War prisoners exchange entered its third week. Besides the Americans, the Reds turned back 75 British and 300 South more than the 400 daily the Reds originally prom- ised. Again tomorrow, the Communists planned to step up deliveries. They said they would return 456 Allied Americans, 75 British and 356 South Korean. It will be the largest single group returned. In 14 days, the Reds have re- turned of the Ameri- cans they claim they held, a figure far less percentage-wise than the number of of turned. Brig. Gen. Ralph Osborne, chief of the Munsan Provisional Com- mand, said the number of Ameri- cans repatriated probably will in- crease when the Reds start empty- ing the next prison camp. Camp 3 Next Several liberated Americans said they believed the next POWs will come from Camp No. 3 at Chong- song. One prisoner estimated it holds 200 to 300 Americans cap- tured in the early months of fight- ing. I Two days of bad weather, thejwhether he is of U. N. Command reported, pre-1 _ ,.1.1. vented nf Red nrisonprs Communist party or whether he Executives Of The Chicago and North Western Railway System were in Winona today to inspect facilities of the company here and to meet local shippers. Left to right in the above picture are: B. R. Meyers, chief engineer; T. L. Norton, gen- eral traffic manager; G. E. Kelley, vice president and general manager of the Bay State Milling Co.; J. E. Goodwin, vice president in charge of operations; Mayor Loyde E. Pfeiffer of Winona; P. E. Feucht, president of the North Western, and F. V. Koval, assistant to the president. A Winona delegation lunched with the railroad men in their private car in the North Western yards at noon. (Republican-Herald photo) Printer Mum On McCarthy ted Charges WASHINGTON Edward M. Rothschild refused today to say vented shipment of Red. prisoners from Koje Island to Panmunjom and will cut deliveries to 600 North Koreans Wednesday and none on Thursday. The daily aver- age had been about The U. N. Command said it hoped to re- sume regular schedule Friday or Saturday. Tuesday's liberated Americans and British came back smiling, but their gaunt bodies showed the ef- fects of many months in North Ko- ever stole secret documents from the Government Printing Office. Rothschild, a bookbinding ma- chine operator at the government printing plant, told the Senate in-1 vestigations subcommittee he de- j clined to answer on the ground that he might incriminate himself. Chairman McCarthy (R-Wis) told the slightly built, bushy haired Too Many Chiefs On Police Force ENGLEWOOD, Colo. Engle- wood's police department is facing the old problem of "all chiefs and no Indians." Chief Joe Kollar said yesterday that three patrolmen may resign because of an internal squabble and another will be promoted to fill a sergeants vacancy. That would leave two patrolmen in the 15-man department. rean stockades. I witness that the charges made One repatriate, a prisoner for, against him in secret testimony 2Lmonths> Wryly de" I before the subcommittee scribed the food. "We ate like said Pfc, Earl C. Barnard of Martinez, Calif. "I cringe when I think of it. "They brought the food in wood- en troughs. It was soupy sorghum and rice. Of course you had meat are per- haps "the most serious charges ever made against any government official." "We have testimony to the effect that you stole secret documents ill Strengthen Hold in House, Republicans Say By WILLIAM F. ARBOGAST WASHINGTON A Republican claim that the GOP strengthen its control of the House next year brought a Democratic retort today that it's too early to make pre- dictions on the outcome of the 1954 West to Resume Work on Treaty For Austrians Re-examination Of Grants to States Sought Highway, Farm, Health, Housing Study Suggested By JOE HALL WASHINGTON Sen. Hend- riekson (R-NJ) said today the new commission on intergovernmental relations should examine every federal grants-in-aid program to see whether it should be continued. More than two billion dollars a year now is poured out from Wash- ington to the states under these programs. The grants make up about one-fifth of the state reve- nues. Hendrickson, who has been ap- pointed to serve on the commission, said he would press for a close study of every one of the grants- in-aid fields: Highways, agricul- ture, health, public housing, muni- cipal airports, hospital construc- tion, and several others. Gas Tax Field The conference of state gover- nors has demanded that the fed- eral government get out of the gasoline tax field, and leave road financing to the states. The New Jersey senator said he long has been sympathetic to this. In the past year, the states re- ceived 500 million dollars in fed- eral highway grants. But the fed- eral gasoline tax of two cents a gallon brought in about 850 mil- lions. The states figure they would do better to add the two cents U. N. Rejects eman WASHINGTON UP) The Big to their own gasoline levies. Three Western Powers have agreed Hendrickson also pointed to health to Russia's demand that work be fants-in-aid as a field that should i be carefully explored. Washington resumed on a comprehensive peace now makes grants totaling 143 treaty with the Soviets millions a year for 10 separate are willing to stick to the issues health activities, he said in an in- and finish the job. The United States, in a note sim- ilar to ones dispatched from Lon- don and Paris, said it is willing to shelve the abbreviated treaty j which the Western nations have terview, Hendrickson conceded there would be a fight to continue some of the grants-in-aid. Several mayors already have ex- pressed alarm over the idea of cutting out federal public housing Sen. Alexander Wiley, left, U. S. delegate to the United Nations, made a jovial sparring gesture as he talked with equally gay Andrei Y. Vishinsky of Russia on the political conference floor at the U.N. building in New York today. In the center is Georgi Zarubin, Soviet ambassador to the United States. Vishinsky de- manded that Red China and North Korea be invited to take part in the current U.N. Korean debate in his speech before the po- litical committee. The committee vetoed the Soviet delegate's idea. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) in your in the i the Government sorghum, that is. "At times there was enough all of us. At times there wasn't." consm lawmaker said. voting. Democrats are counting heavily Orants. They say this would be a been pressing on this understand- i biow to slum clearance, because ing: I Congress has been more willing "That there will be no extrane- 1 to vote money for housing projects ous issues raised and that the So- viet government is prepared to than Popular Bill conclude a treaty for Austria The Hill-Burton act, under which which will insure Austria's political grants are made through the states and economic independence." to cities to help in building hos pitals, also has been popular in Red Hungary Frees Briton Held as Spy NICKELSDORF, Austria Sanders, British businessman jailed by Communist Hungary for nearly four years as a spy, crossed into Austria today a free man at p.m. a.m. The Red Hungarian government pardoned the 47-year-old Briton Monday night and expelled him from the country where he and After more than 200 sessions by Congress. A two-year extension of deputy foreign ministers of the four the law was voted this year. Both Rothschild and his wife, Ethel, were named as Communists by witnesses who testified before the Senate group Monday. With a .shake of his head, Roths- child declined McCarthy's invita- tion to comment on the charges. Then, in a reedy voice, he par- ried all questions about his asso- ciations, alleged Communist con- nections and other activities with the repeated statement: "Under the Fifth Amendment I refuse to answer that question." McCarthy has declared there is every indication the printing office has had an "extremely slipshod" security setup in the past. Gunmen Escape With From N.Y. Vault 2. Replied to Communist charges of "atrocities against Allied-held I. FLORAL PARK, N.Y. l.fl Dar- Communist prisoners." jing gunmen grabbed an assistant Communist propaganda mills j cashier on the lawn of his home continued to pour out stories of 1this morning, forced him to open what thev call the brutality andjhis bank's vault and escaped with They took the cashier with them, Other liberated Americans again told of fellow prisoners being taken away by the Reds at about the time they were scheduled for re- patriation. Couldn't Be Too Popular "They took away at least Sgt. George W. Burke of Saratoga Springs, N. Y., recalled. "They just pulled them out after telling them 'We don't know where you're going.' "If you were too popular you stood a good chance of being taken out. The guys they took were clas- sified as 'reactionaries' ers who stubbornly resisted Com- munist indoctrination. ThS U. N. Command reportedly renewed demands Tuesday for the return of all Allied prisoners. Re- liable sources said the U. N. Com- mand handed the Communists a strongly worded statement at Tues- day's meeting of the joint commit- tee for repatriation of prisoners of war. The U. N. statement reportedly: 1. Demanded that the Commu- nists give assurances they will re- turn all captured Allied soldiers. Ike Believes I from the Government Printing Of- on tradition to recapture House nations met with no success in I 25-member commission on i jfice among other things that control in November 1954. Tradi-1 agreeing to a full Austrian treaty 1 intergovernmental relations was flfirPnil I llirP you stole a secret the Wis-jtion says that the party Jn power [the United States, Britain and! set up by Congress at President IWl VUil I I Mvv Will Be Lasting China, N. Korea horrors of U. N, POW camps. Interior Dept. To Tell Details Of Power Policy WASHINGTON Inter- ior Department planned to spell out further details of its power loses seats in an off-year election, j ;prance proposed an abbreviated I Eisenhower's request. in which there is no presidential version. American Robert Vogeler were sentenced in February, 1950, on charges of espionage and sabo- tage. Vogeler was released in [April, 1951. Like Vogeler, Sanders came across the frontier to freedom at Nickelsdorf, a little Austrian Peace Debate Lodge Opposes Roundtable Idea Advanced by Reds UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. The United Nations Political Com- mittee today rejected a Soviet de- mand that Red China and North. Korea be invited to take part in the current U. N. Korean debate. The vote on the two countries was taken separately. The pro- posal to invite Communist China was 14 in favor, 34 against and nine abstaining. The vote against inviting North Korea was 18-34 with seven abstaining. 'No Solution' Soviet delegate Andrei Y. Vishin- sky warned before the decision that "no solution is possible in their absence." He also disclosed that the Soviet Union wants the forthcoming Ko- rean peace conference to include a broader membership than the actual countries who participated in the fighting, as the United States has been demanding. Immediately after the vote, the U.S. delegate, Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., opened the general debate with a strong plea that the peace parley be limited to the "two sides" as opposed to the so-called roundtable idea. It was on this ground that Lodge opposed the invitation of the Chi- nese Reds and the North Koreans. He said it was a question solely for the U.N. to determine which countries should sit on its side and that the Communist aggressors should pick their own representa- tives. Vishiniky Argues Vishinsky took issue with this interpretation of the armistice agreement. The Korean conference, contest. The main point of difference be- Only once in modern times, inUween the two drafts is that the 3d rlin tho vntin ff a to -frnm -t_ the voting deviate from that tradition. Rep. Richard M. Simpson (R- who, as chairman of the Re- publican Congressional Committee, has the job of directing the GOP's bid for continued control of the House, claims Republicans will pick up 25 more seats next year. He conceded, in an interview, the possibility of some Republican short form omits a clause calling for the return of industries which the Soviets are holding on the ground that they belonged to the German Nazi regime of Adolf Hitler, The notes delivered to the For- eign Office in Moscow yesterday and made public last night sug- gested that diplomats appointed by j the Western Powers and "Russia Eisenhower has expressed hope I it can make a big contribution to- j ward reversing a trend to centraliz- i ed federal government. The 10 con-1 gressional members have been! By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH named, but Eisenhower has not yet made his 15 selections. The commission was instructed j hower's top aide says the Chief to report by next March 1. Hen- i Executive believes the Korean drickson said he did not think that I truce is "oing to last DENVER Eisen- losses but said there would not be meet in London to resume talks i enough to change the balance of ion the long treaty. I They were in reply to a Russian j Simpson said about 15 present (note of July 30 asking that the Republican seats might be called Western nations drop the short "shaky." These include seats in I form treaty, which Russia has con-1 which the Republican margin of tended is a violation of the Big'! victory last year was 5 per cent! Four agreement made at Potsdam or less. in 1945. Simpson's Democratic counter-1 In another note on Aug. 4, the part, Rep. Mike Kirwan of Ohio, j Soviets had said that "it goes with- j chairman of the Democratic Con-1 out saying that a possible success-! gressional Committee, wasn't available for comment but his top political aide, Victor Hunt Harding, said: authorize an extension. Former Democratic E, J. flynn Dies lists the signing of the truce as the administration's "greatest deed" during its first seven months in office. Adams, former governor of New Hampshire, arrived at Eisenhow- er's vacation headquarters here yesterday and will remain for a few days. The President will leave Denver by plane tonight for New York, where tomorrow he will take part in dedication of a 32 million dol- 3W w-'v i i LCI 1U1 LUC I> G W I Ul IllUIllUllJdl ful solution of the German prob-jfwmer Democratic National Chair-ielections to be held tMs {all employed by a Hungarian lem could also helt> a solution of i man j. nynn aiea Irt nf comoanv. border station. Russian tanks on he said, should be a political con- maneuvers and Austrian farm! ference in the broad meaning of combines cluttered the narrow j the term and not merely of the road on the Austrian side of the two sides, frontier. j It is incorrect and unjust to consi- Sanders crossed the frontier in a jder the composition of the con- car of the British Legation in'" Budapest. He looked pale, wore his cus- tomary glasses and a grey suit. Shortly after Sanders crossed, the Italian Legation car bearing Vincenze Sciotto, an Italian, also reached Austria, Sciotto was convicted of espio- nage and sentenced to four years in prison in 1951. An Italian Foreign Ministry spokesman in Rome earlier today declined to comment upon Sciotto. Spokesmen said that publicity on the case might harm members of Sciotto's family who are still in Hungary, The spokesman said the ministry j had known of Sciotto's arrest and j that the Italian government had sought repeatedly to have him freed. The spokesman said Sciotto lem could also help a solution of the Austrian question." In reply, yesterday's U. S. note day mght in Ireland, where He was night. Foreign Office [spokesman said no negotiations di- preceded Sanders' release, .jujvj. ln lei-jiy. yesLtuuay a u. o. noie I -CM c-, j lugm. "I am making no predictions at I said it was assumed this did not j p JSn was orpditpd with i Adams talked about Korean preceded Sanders' release, this time. It's .too early to make mean that hope for an Austrian A rarw in obtainine the DemoHtruce in a radio interview over exchanges have been continu- predictions on an election more treaty would _ be deferred "until Z nationwide network last night. _ I jng since he was arres ed Nov. 21, than a year away.' policy today. In advance of a scheduled news around' conference at 10 a.m. (CST) Acting' but dumped him out a few miles away. Eric Gronewall, -'A told police that as he was leaving his Belle- more home to go to a branch of the Franklin National Bank, a man .stepped out of the bushes. He had a gun, and a canvas bag. Jamming the gun into Grone- wall's side, he warned him not to cry out, adding, "We know all about you and the bank." They got into Gronewall's car and drove to the bank. Gronewall became aware another car was following, but the gunman said Other Democratic strategists claim that preliminary reports indicate President er, while still popular Delated conditions cratic presidential nomination for are I Franklin D. Roosevelt in spite the opposition of He was asked whether he be-11949- The spokesman said his re- lieves the administration can make jlease the waX for resump- tion of normal trade, which Britain ference in the absence of the Chi- nese" Communists and North Ko- reans, Vishinsky said. Most of Russia's support in the voting came from the Arab and Asian countries. Abstentions in- cluded Mexico, Bolivia, Israel and Guatemala. No complete record of the voting was available since there was no roll call. Labor Should Have Patience With Ike, Badger Group Told GREEN BAY MV-Labor should have patience with the Eisenhow- er administration in its efforts to amend the Taft-Hartley labor law, the Wisconsin State Federation of Labor was told Monday. Under Secretary of Labor Lloyd A. Mashburn told delegates to the Federation's 61st annual conven- tion that Eisenhower has held con- sultations'1 with his executives to voters, isn't as strong a year ago. If the Russians should insist on I sternly, "don't you dare turn Secretary Ralph A. Tudor told a reporter that was the purpose, but he would not enlarge on what be revealed. The department announced mere- ly that Tudor and Asst. Secretary Fred G. Aandahl would discuss The gunman, about 30, dark haired and medium height, chatted as they drove along, said he had been in the Army and before that had worked in a bank, but didn't say where. Arriving at the Franklin branch power. Aandahl has jurisdiction 1 in Floral Park, a prosperous Long over water and power activities j Island community, the gunman of the department. Secretary McKay, now winding up a vacation in the Pacific North- west, is expected to discuss pow- er policy further in a speech at marched Gronewall into the bank, forced him to open the vault and after taking the money, marched him back to his car again. They drove to Bellerose, Queens, San Francisco Friday. Gronewall was told to get out. He The Interior Department is got a good look at the man marketing agent for all federally; in the other car, he said His own produced power from dams was found a short distance by the Reclamation Bureau and (away after he notified police of the Army Engineers. the holdup. Firemen Futilely battle roaring flames which engulfed this gasoline tank truck after it collided with a flat bed tractor-trailer iruck, left, trapping the gasoline truck driver in the cab of his truck. The dead driver was identified as Joseph Spence, 48, Wilmington, Del. The second trucker es- caped serious injury. Flaming gasoline ran througn storm sewers and threatened homes in Claymont, Del. (AP Wirephoto) 1. He believes Eisenhower can avoid calling a special session of Congress to consider increasing the 275 billion dollar national debt ceiling, "but it is going to be nip and tuck." 2, His (Adams') "purely wild guess" is that an additional 5 to said Mashburn. He remarked that the AFL was 42 years old when the Wagner Act was passed and 54 when the Taft- Hartley bill became law. "If you have to wait a few months longer for appropriate amendments to the Taft-Hartley Weather Pleasant Over Most of U.S. By THE ASSOCIATED nn There were a few wet spots but Act to be enacted, I am sure that 10 billion dollars can be pared! generally it was fair and pleasant i both this organization and its from the budget weather over most of the country which former President Truman today. proposed for the fiscal year which! Temperatures were around'sea- started July 1. The administration j sonal levels except for some cool says a 13 billion dollar reduction spots in the Great Lakes region. already has been made. It was near freezing early today Adams talked of further savings i in Pellston, Mich, through "internal reductions" in I Monday's top mark was 114 at "current departmental Thermal and El Centre, Calif., but he did not elaborate. and Yuma and Gila Bend, Ariz, 3. Eisenhower is bearing up "amazingly tempera- mentally and the heavy burdens of the presidency. License Costs Too Much, Says Motorist SARATOGA SPRINGS, N Y. ffl A. McMuUen told the judge he had never taken out a driver's license because they cost too much. City Judge Stanley L. Vanrens- selaer fined him Driver's li- censes in New York state cost for three years. members will have the wisdom and patience not to be disturbed by such a short delay." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Generally fair tonight and Wednesday. Not much change in temperature. Low tonight 57, high Wednesday 82. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Uncooperative POWs Got Only Hot Water FREEDOM VILLAGE nese doctors at Campii prescribed j MaximumT 87; minimum, 56; only hot water for seriously ill pris- onsrs who did not cooperate, a prisoner liberated today said. "A lot of fellows died because of holding said Sgt. Walter Kreman of Natrons, Pa, "If you didn't get along with them you got no treatment if you were sick. They'd tell you just to go back and drink hot water. Or if you had an injured bone, they'd say go back and put water .on P.ut noon, 79; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max, temp. 81 at p. m. Mon- day, min. 58 at a. m. today. Noon readings thin scattered layers of clouds at and feet, visibilty 15 miles, wind calm, barometer 30.22 falling slowly, hu- midity 60 per cent. ;