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  • Location: Winona, Minnesota
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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 18, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Warmer Tonight, Showers Saturday Are You Registered? City Recorder's Office Open Daily, 8 to 5 VOLUME 50, NO. 155 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA. FRIDAY EVENING, AUGUST 18, 1950 FOURTEEN PAGES Red Attack Stalled Near Taegu GANGSTERS MOVING INTO MANY LINES Compete Unfairly With Legitimate Businessmen An Ayrshire And A Brown Senior Year- ling were selected as grand and reserve champions over all breeds in the 4-H dairy division at the 1950 Winona county fair late Thursday afternoon. Don Nisbit, 15, left, and Marlln Fritz, 18, are shown above Just after the championship ribbons were handed out about 6 p. m. at St. Charles. Nisbit is member of the Clyde Live Wires club and lives three miles south of St. Charles. Fritz belongs to the Stockton Pioneer Plungers club and was also named top showman at the fair. He won. a. blanket .awarded by the Tri-State Breeders co-operative in connection with the showman- ship prize. Frances Pierce, Utlca, also got a show- manship blanket. Republican-Herald photo TODAY- Business As Usual Criticized By Joseph Alsop 4-HWs Take Over Winona County Fair By Al Olson St. Charles, of activity at the 41st annual Winona, county fair here was stepped up today as hundreds of 4-H boys and sign follow a common pattern By Gordon Brown I Washington The Senate crime committee told Congress to- day that organized criminals notj only have a strong grip on gam- bling and related illegal activities but also are fast moving into legi- Itimate business fields. The committee, organized las spring to investigate organized crime, reported on its work thus far work devoted chiefly to anj inquiry into gambling in Florida.' Organized criminals, the com- mittee reported, "are able to compete unfairly with legitimate businessmen because of their ac- cumulations of cash and their vic- ious methods" which include vio- lence, bribery, corruption and in- timidation. The gangsters have been attract- ed particularly to enterprises I where large amounts of cash are handled or which have black-mar- ket potentialities, the committee, said. These enterprises include ho-j tels, restaurants, night clubs, meat and provision companies, liquor stores, beer and whisky distribu- torships, automobile dealerships and even small steel companies. Control Some Banks "Recently transportation com- panies and public utilities, which have large purchasing programs, have been added to the the report said. "They control some 'banks and are in a position to pro- vide large sums of cash capital for many purposes." Senator Kefauver (D.-Tenn.) heads the investigating committee, lother members are Senators O'Conor Hunt Tobey (R.-N.H.) and Wiley (R.- In its report, the committee concluded there is con- vincing evidence that organized groups of criminals have engaged in illegal activities in many parts of the country, are strong: and wealthy and have monopolized cer-jbreathed easier today as a severe hurricane changed its course and lumbered northward in the Atlantic. No part of Florida was on the alert. Danger to any portion of the U. S. mainland lessened hourly. Today the big, whirling mass lo- Hurricane Off Florida Changes Path Miami, Fla. Of) Floridians Open Arrows Show where U. S. and South Korean troops are attacking again. North of Taegu defenders are counter-attack- ing Reds attacking the city. At Changnyong U, s. dough- boys and Marines have driven a crack Communist division back three miles. On the coast sector Kigye and Pohang have been recaptured by the Allies. On the deep'sou them, front west of Masan, American troops have lashed at Red attackers and driven them back. (A.p, Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) tain channels of interstate com- munication. But its investigation, it said, I "has not yet proceeded far enough jto warrant a conclusion as to whether or not the various crim- inal organizations are knit into one or more nation-wide syndicates." Taegu in Panic As Reds Approach By HaJ Boyle girls inaugurated 4-H day. With judging of all exhibits completed, the 4-H club members "took jover" the grounds at 8 a. m. today and "possession" was theirs until With Vnited States Forces in Ko-jlate tonight. rea. __ Our thin lines here in Ko-l Before the day ends a long and rea are held by increasingly ex- carefully-planned program will have hausted whose customary been presentee; all local rest is n few moments of troubled i talent and designed as an experi- sleep in n ditch or fox-hole. jment being watched by county fair; When these men attack, their I officials from all over the state. that has shadowed a half million hearts j cated by radar plane at about 350 i here exploded in panic today as a mass exodus began from this be-1 SrXr'bv co'ncitnce fa" hours chaos ruled the streets of this refugee-swollen and eithei bj- coincidence or de-ing north nonhwesterly about 10 to j provisional capital Oj South Korea. The civilian populace was swept by hysteria. The scene on the ground was utter confusion. From the City Evacuated; Batflefront 12 Miles Away Vital Pohang Air Base Recaptured By South Koreans By Relmaii Morin Tokyo Allied troops, tanks, airbombs and artillery stall- ed the Red Korean drive on Taegu city tonight. The Allies then counter-attacked for- ward Communist units 12 to 15 miles away. The emergency South Korean capital itself was being emptied of civilians by hundreds of thou- sands in a mass evacuation order- ed to clear the city for use solely as a military fortress base. The South Korean government went on to a new unspecified refu- gee capital. The most, threatening Bed ap- proach was in steep hills a dozen miles north of Taegu. Forty-five ton Fershing tanks were used in the counterattack spearheaded by the U. S. 27th reg- iment and the South Korean first division. The South Korean sixth division had lost contact Friday night with Reds. It had held before Taegu. Other Triumphs Allied troops tasted triumph on lall other fronts Friday. For the i first time in 13 bitter days of fight- i ing Americans rolled back some of the Red infantrymen who had bulged across the Naktong riv- er below Changnyong, 23 miles southwest of Taegu. U. S. Marines and 24th infantry division troops gained up to three miles in the Changnyong sector and chased terror-stricken end weaponless Reds back across the Naktong in droves. One battalion of about Communists broke for the western bank of the river first. They were followed by oth- ers. Some Communists voluntarily crossed over to American lines and surrendered. Pohang and Kigye on the Ko- rean east coast were recaptured by South Koreans. In the deep south, at the other end of the line, the U. S. 25lh Infantry division turned back a dawn attack by the North Korean Sixth division driving eastward from rubbled Chinju. The Red threat to Taegu came from troops bombed by 98 U. S. B-28s Wednesday in the Waegwan area. They drove south on Taegu from Kunwi, 25 miles north of Taegu and recaptured the town of JKumwba after a substantial ad- and it is clear that there is suf- ficient co-operation and interrela- task is to scale precipitous mountain heights in blazing heat under enemy fire. And when they are attacked, which is more usual. All major events, usually scat- tered throughout the three days of county fair time, have been booked Cool Weather Covers Region tionship for them "at least casionally to combine their activ-jditions were favorable for the storm ities." 'to continue in the open sea. Ship- The 12 miles per hour. A high pressure area was behindjair the exits leading south looked ilike clogged lanes of frightened white ants. The story of this flight of an en- oc- it and weather forecasters said con- committee was advised to avoid it. that the public be made aware "ofj The hurricane, first of the season the basic'menace involved in gam-land packing winds up to 140 miles tire city can best be told by telling what happened to one household. This family lives beneath the for today. Bis Crowd Expected By The Associated Press enace involved in gum-iand pacKiag wmus up (.u iw miico Wing on a widely organized basis! per hour near the center, headed'window of a rmssion school where because it brings corruption toward the Bahamas and [foreign government." Prison Sentences Urged Committee recommendations so included these: i Highest winds are estimated at Immigration laws should be 140 miles per hour near the center toward the Bahamas -j i Florida yesterday, then turned and! been billeted more than one month, i 'moved north northwestward up Balloon Causes Wide Alarm ridor that looked like the shanty j I.. Tiiim communities that spring up American city dumps except the huts here are covered with pic. vastly more numerous. Add to that the want of Re- serves, which makes it neces- sary to keep even the worst- mauled divisions in the line in- definitely, with almost no re- lief. It may then be under- stood why this Korean fighting is as cruel and disheartening as any that American troops have known, despite our im- provinc ground fire power and complete air supremacy. And it is then also understandable why anyone who lias been with these Americans at the front. ?rows bitterly indignant at the all too visible signs of busi- ness-as-usual in tile rear areas. MD il bv a seeminglv omnipresent in mountain fisht-! Attendance is expected to soar-' It was below freezing in Michi-tightened; stiffer prison sentencesjand extend outward 100 miles. Gales in? 'fatalistically tenacious andifor afternoon and evening grand- gan today. The coolest weather of should be imposed in narcoticsicover an area about 350 miles ln, R d slashed clos- istand performances especially. Op- the ,uirmer season ove, the and other criminal cases; income I diameter. I As Red siasnea _ cms jening day crowds were about aver- j .tax laws which now permit racke-j After standing age although the turnout could not Great Lakes reglon and the uppei teers to report huge cash income'hours, the storm jbe classified as :Mississippi valley. or disbursement without support-jwestward yesterday. Florida was. Farmers were m the fields' Temperatures of 30 above were -ing detail should be tightened; placed on the; alert and Nassau, TouVKo-i the western sky. throughout the area rushing to early todav in Grand Ma-Untitrust laws should be usedjcapital of the British Bahamas, be- munistsjhan anj other .ou.h KO I ---------__> iplete threshing and harvest work.' M, h Superior'aSainst monopoly in the dissem-jgan battening down m iriplavpd this veir bv a late season ination of gambling information1 of the worst blow since, 1929. 'However judging from talk at Granwburg. Wif., which earlier this: across state Iines: there is needj Ships found safe anchorage and! Reports spread ithe fair most of these people were week, sweltered in 98 readings, shiv- of a law to prohibit sere flown to safety. _ i trying to get as much accomplished ered in near temperatures.'of slot machines: there should al-itary fields and air lines planned rlse .'yesterday so that they could turn The coolest air was in Upper Michi-so be a law to prohibit The Red Cross alerted out in larger numbers for the 4-H gan. northern lower Michigan and transmission of gambling informa-j disaster workers and stocked storm program today. northern Wisconsin. 'tion. _________shelters. i Judges Busy Judges worked from 9 a.m. Thurs-: .day until after 10 p.m. to complete 'their work. Henry Bartel, Franlo; [Farms superintendent, was kept ;busy in the livestock ring until 6 These unpleasiug hints of yesterday, doing a very timu'ne complacency and political i thorough job. take two weU-defin-j A" Ayrshire and Brown Swiss, ed forms. First, things are not senior yearling copped top beiii: done that obviously ought toe division of 4-H judging; i vance. Taegu was ordered evacuated of its to war-swelled population. Authorities said the removal oj civilians was dictated not so much by immediate threat as it was by the need to make Taegu an all- military base. Problem for Police The masses of refugees who had poured into Taegu ahead of the Reds from the North presented a grave problem for overworked lo- cal police. There was a threat of an infil- trated Communist outbreak inside the city among- the refugees. Taegu itself was home to some Reds and suspect elements. Minneapolis .cilities ol federal agencies, police newspapers and radio stations; South Koreans permitted U. s. to resume using the air- rated, plastic balloons hovered Ini strip six miles southeast of Po- Some of the thousands of per- isons who called the Armed Forces; ,ed .sons who caJled the Armed t the Commu-Air Base at U f armed excitedly reported mh A headonr.rlers in Ko- riot of the Russian were launch- Jt described the Red an aeriel attack. But it was just a 110-foot in; Upside- Down Man to Take Off Weird Glasses Tonight ilireat against Taegu as the most one in Korea. UJJC 111 diameter plastic sphere, sent aloft, The Marjne bri d to garner cosmic ray information u 24Ul Manlrv aivisiol t klei for the Navy. The balloon was an 12000 river-.crossjng Reds an, estimated 60.000 feet m the air. .___ !A prisoner of war had boasted that 'Taegu would fall by "liberation day" last Tuesday, fifth anniver- estimated 60.000 feet m the air. sary of VJ day [where it caught the sun s rays j Two weeks ago the young Old Sol had disappeared on er of the family beneath our win- already darkened earth Th dow dug a deep pit in bis back- was sent up 'yard and buried all the household's was spotted in it I day night over Bismarc. led .r.d e well into their bridgehead m the eastern allied bank of t'ae hours done almost all our huge1 yesterday, while a four-year-old: trans-Pacific air transport was named grand cham-! ocean cargo capacity is still over all breeds in the open' over to profitable commerce dairy section. j a luxurious tourist trade, while re-1 A 1500-pound Shorthorn bull wasj mforcements and supplies are long Delected as grand champion in the! '.ind breathlessly awaited in class beef is; rea. [being awarded a new trophy, pre-; Second, and almost worse, thejsented for the first time this year; real gravity of the situation cerejoy the Winona office of Swift andi m Korea is still being elaborately Company. concealed from our people at home Quality Up j dreadful toll of the fighting! Quality of beef, dairy, swine is being hidden, for example. open and 4-H greatly delaying announcement cljwas up this year, officials of thej totals of known dend, missing pointed' om today, wounded. I Proof of this was evident in the 'fact that only three white orj i were given out (in the 4-H dairy division Thursday j afternoon. In thai same division there were 52 blue ribbons for first places and 20 red ones for seconds. I Sheep entries were net of such! (Continued on Page 11 Column 2) j (Continued on Pace 5 Column 3.) j FAIR I Furthermore, shocking though it may seem, this ten- dency even seems to have in- vaded actual battle planning. In two previous reports in this space, the bird fisrhtinsr en the Chinju approaches, the first By Ed Crcagh New Vork For 30 days, Fred Snyder has been looking at the world upside down and backward. Tonight Fred will take off h i s special, binocular-1 i k e glasses. The floor will shoot up to the ceiling. The ceiling will come down to the floor. Or.ce again Pred will see the world as other people see it, "I'm not sure I'll recognize Fred said with an uncer- tain laugh. "I've got pretty used to leading this upside- down existence. Things look right to me when they're up- side down and backward to ev- erybody else." Fred is a friendly, 25-year- old graduate student at the University of Wichita. He un- dertook the upside-down, ex- periment as part of his work in psychology. His teacher. Dr. N. H. Pronko, who came along to New York, thinks it's a pret- ty valuable piece of work. "We're not trying to prove anything." Pronko said. "We're trying to learn some- thins about how people see. Apparently it's something we have to learn. In some ways Fred already has learned to see as well as, or better than, he did with 'normal' vision.'' But it wasn't easy. First Fred put on his strange, projecting glasses. A light metal headgear supports them and sponge rubber pre- vents a .chafing. They make him look like a man who is going blind. New murmur sympathetically when they see him. He couldn't do scything right at first. The food on his dinner plate seemed to be sus- pended in air, ready to fall in his lap except that his lap was up where his shoul- ders should have been. He fell over tnings. They were on his right when he "saw" them on his left. "But I Fred said. "I can sort playing cards and get through otter laboratory tests just about as fast as I ever could, sometimes faster. Tve even driven a car for a few miles on a country road. In time I suppose I'd forget all about bow things used to look." By now Fred is over the butterflies in the stomach that bothered him for the first few- days. Back in Wichita, his wife (they have a four-months-old daughter) is humorously rec- onciled to his weird appear- ance and topsy-turvey way of life. most precious belongings in it. I day Thousands of other fathers must! have been doing the same thing; jtaey had no better place to put j their simple treasure than in a hole in the ground. But the young mother each twi- light lit a fire and cooked rice (Continued on Pate 11 Column 4.) TAEGU WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS i Winona and vicinity: Increasing! cloudiness and warmer lowest 54. Scattered local showers Saturday forenoon, becoming cooler Saturday evening; highest in the afternoon 76. LOCAL WEATHER j Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 78; minimum, 52; noon, 69; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at (Continued on Pafe li-) D. The U. S. Eighth Army in (Continued on Page 12 Column. 1) KOREA Major General Edgar E. Hume, chief surgeon, G.H.Q., Far East command, chats with Private Eugene O'Neal, Stillwater, Minn., be- fore presenting a Purple Heart decoration to the wounded soldier aboard a casualty evacuation plane in Korea. (A.P. Wirephoto to The ;