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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 15, 1947, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER _ lonlrhl nnd Full Leased Wire Report of The Associated Press 127 DAYS Swlmmlnr Tool Member of the Audit Bureau of VOLUME 47. NO. 152 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY 15, 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY FOURTEEN 118 Feared Dead in British Mine Blast County Fair Opens at St. Charles Beef Calves Rambunctious at Judging By Staff Writer St. Charles, Minn. Vine weather, a crowd in which 4-H exhibitors predomlnntecl, and a rambunctious bunch of beer calves of which had to be taken 100 M.P.H. Hurricane Lashes City of Tampico Tampico, Mexico A major tropical hurricane with winds well over 100 miles an hour struck the coast nenr this oil city at dawn today, ravaging Tampico 00 to 05 mile winds. For two days the storm had moved along the Mexican coast, playing with Tampico like a cat toying with a mouse. Streets were deserted at struck, the wind decreased slightly to 86 miles an hour. The captain of the port said the actual center of the storm struck the coast near Soto La Marina. No reports on damage could be obtained immediately, lor communications, normally poor, were virtually dis- rupted. Sparsely Settled Soto La Marina is a sparsely set- a, m. today as winds uprooted fishing and ranching area, lo- home before the rho opening hours of the WInont county fair here today. By noon, the crowd was coming faster. Judging was being pusbcc along and completion was cxpectcc before evening. In the 4-H division, swine, sheep, garden and some food classes hac been Judged by noon. Janice Wiltse. St. Charles, show- ed the grand champion cwc, and Clifford Pierce, Utlca, the grand champion market lamb. Heading the 4-H swine show were. owned by Joyce St. Charier., grand champion win- ning gilt was a purebred Duroc, and Gerald Theslng's grand champion barrow, also a Duroc. In the garden class, Martha Bab- Irr of Houston was Judged grand champion, and Louis Kleffer, Utlca, the reserve champion. One of the Saturday even which has always drawn wide Inter rst Is the 4-H livestock auction This will be held nt 4 p. m. Assist :ng lr. the auction will be the ag ncultural committee of the Wlnon Association of Commerce. A health king and queen were I be chosen this afternoon, and B Ward Bfam's thrill show was sched tiled both this afternoon and eve rung. Prejudging of dresses whici girls U'lll wear in ihc style reviei was also scheduled as was com pletlon of all other judging cxcep that of 4-H demonstrations am shattered windows and destroyec signs and foliage. Damage to ol wclJs was expected. The Weather bureau here sale many of Its instruments were broken measurements The full force of the hurricane la expected to become apparent later in the morning. A U, s. weather bureau report at Brownsville earlier had said the storm "definitely" was moving In- land. Waves 15 feet high rolled Into Tampico beaches. Small lakes and rivers were rising. Visibility was low Movable objects swirled down de- serted streets. Several hours after the ntorm India Joins Free Nations Of World Nation Divided Into Two Parts Under Agreement New Delhi The vast sub- icntinent ol India, though still tor- imcnted by bloody communal con- Tho hurricane is expected to con-1 filets, split itself in two today and 1939 Dollar Worth 50 Cents Price Surveys in 13 Cities Reveal Sharp Irregularities catcd on a large ranch once owned i by American interests. tinue throughout the day in un- dlmlnlshed force if It follows usual patterns. Winds blow from one di- rection for as long as 12 hours, then lull sometimes lasting an hour occurs as the center passes. The wind returns In full force from ex- actly the opposite direction, blowing another ten or 12 hours. Earlier Indications that It might veer northeast and strike the Texas coast proved groundless. Warnings hod been Issued to (Continued on Page 4, Column 3) HURRICANE Jubilantly Joined the world family of free nations as two new and sep- arate Pakistan and Hindu India. In New Delhi, Lord Mountbat- ten, the last viceroy of British In- dia, who turned over the reins of authority to the Indians at the last stroke of midnight, was sworn in as the first governor-general of Hindu by most of India's Hindus. In Karachi, Mahomed All Jln- By The Associated Press Your 1938 dollar is worth only about 50 cents today in buying the ordinary necessities of life, but it buys a lot more in some parts of the United States than in others. An Associated Press survey of retail prices in 13 leading cities in all sections of the nation revealed strikingly irregular increases. Some products have soared out of nil relation with others compared with prewar days. Some' cities where living costs were lowest in 1939 pay the most now. The survey showed: You can cat for less, by and large, in Minneapolis than in most cities. You pay more for meat in the lacking capital of Chicago than World Bank Fund May Aid Marshall Plan By John Scall Washington The r million dollar world fund and bank appear certain today to play a part n the Marshall plan to revive Eu- rope's war crippled economy. Camllle Gutt, head of the other cities. multl- elsewhere. Meat Leads Advance Sail Francisco and St. Louis, and! least in Denver, compared with the monetary fund, will final selection of the stylo queen slated for Saturday and Sunday, Preceding the thrill show to n preliminary drum rovlc1 was hfld before the grnndntund nnd 4-H Junior and senior leaders wcri honored in a recognition ceremony open. 0 a. m. to S p. dem- p. concert. 2 p. racing. p. acts. p. running races. 4 p. livestock auc- tion. p. concert. X p. revue. There will be dancing nnd roller skating every day of the fair, skat- ing in the afternoon nnd dancing In the evening. Truman Demands Fully Equipped National Guard Foreign Ministers of 20 American Nations Open Brazil Parley Three Killed in Illinois Coal Mine Explosion Frankfort, III. Thre ncn were killed and two other slightly injured last night In a mine explosion which brought hun- clrod.i of people to the shaft ng It wan a third major disaster n Southern Illinois within five months. For more than two hours, a rowd of about milled around he property in the belief that many of the night crew of about 00 men had been killed or trapped. Not until about 11 o'clock when many of the workers came to the urfacc, unaware -of the blast, was hc worst of the shock and two- our suspense dispelled. On Drllllnr Crew The dead, members of a drilling ew, are Charles H, Clark, Walter Icments, Jr., and George L. Pil- ns, all of West Frankfort. The Agree on Conclave President, Pick Five By Philip Clarke Petropolls, Brazil Foreign j ministers of 20 American nations assembled here today to write an historic treaty of mutual defense against aggression. A preparatory commission rep- nah, the monocled leader to whom for todny to joint plans being drawn up the new Moslem dominion chiefly Masthead Changed many years the front page masthead of the London Dally Mall had borne the slogan: King and Em- pire." This morning' it read: "For King and Commonwealth." It was one small mcnnure of simplicity and. quiet with which Britain marked the transition to independence for India, brightest jewel of British pos- sessions for two centuries. there by representatives of 16 na- tions. Although no official announce- ment has been made, the purpose of Gutt's trip undoubtedly will be to advise the 16-nation committee how his International agency can help. President John J. McCloy al- ready has pledged the full coopera- :ion of the interna- tional bank, companion institution the fund, in carrying out the Vour clothing dollar goes about as far one place as another, but buys a lot less, than in cither or 1D4G. Your meat bill has gone up much more, percentagewise, your bread or milk bills. Butter and eggs rate much higher on your sudget than they did comparatively before the war. In most items, half or more of the increase has comeMn the last year. But while your housing dollar buys only half as much most places as in 1939, in Columbus and San than it did Dr. Louis G. Dunn, above, a rocket scientist, says construc- tion of man-made satellites re- volving miles above the. earth is possible with engineer- ing knowledge now available. (A.P. Wirephoto.) Aerican government officials are.. typical products in the mown to be hoping both the fund fluids of food, clothing and owes its existence, was sworn in as overnor-general of ulated by most of India's Moslems. Historic Moment Mountbatten said it was an "his- toric an "event in his- rcsnnting all 20 nations planned aitory'" preliminary meeting at 10 a. m on -a-conference- president and create flva .committees. The president was expected to re tall, scholarly Raul Fernandas, BD-year-old Brazilian foreign min- ster. Ho was a delegate to the DIB Paris peace conference and to he League of Nations. The commission was to pick a teering committee and committees n credentials, aggression, xnlscel- aneous matters and an Inter- security be ap- roved at a conference of Amer- can states In Bokota, Colombia, next anuary, But -in tho Punjab, the great northern--.province- which is to be split' between Pakistan and India, the flames of communal strife still raged. Moslems and non-Moslems Sikhs and to the death and Whole sections of the capital city of Lahore were ablaze. Unofficial counts fixed the death toll there since Wednesday morn- ing at 153 apd the number of in- and bank will step in with loans and thus reduce the amount the United States will have to provide. Program Awaited The 16-nation program Is Eu- rope's answer to Secretary of State Marshall's Implied promise that the United States will provide ad- ditional billions for their recovery if they agree to coordinated ap- proach to the problem, making full use of all European resources. the' -main- 'pur- pose of the international monotry fund is to keep the currency of its 43 member governments on an even keel. However, It can lend funds to nations temporarily short housing marked by the Department of Justice for "price conspiracy' investigation. The Associated Press survey found, in the 13 cities, item by item: Bacon Prices Jumped 30 oto 400 per cent in many cities in all sections of the country between 1939 and the pres- ent. In money, the range of In- crease was from 30 to 63 cents a. xmnd. The packing center ot Chi- cago reported.thc, greatest ..hike. Pork Chops Chicago led the nation, paying the highest present price, 85 cents No. 2 Spot Not For Wallace, Pepper Believes By Jack Bell Pepper predicting thnt President! Explosion In Pit Under Irish Sea Surviving Worker Brought to Surfacd Tells of Disaster Wliilchavcii. Kneland A rcmendou.s explosion in a coal nine under the Irish sea near lore tonight was believed to have tilled 318 miners in what appeared o be Britain's worst mining dis- sler in years. The blast occurred in the 135- year-old William mine in Cumber- land county at tlic northwest com- er of England. Rescue parties entered the pit Immediately nfier tin; explosion, at 7 in., local limp, but they have not yet contacted the miners be- lieved trapped und killed. The William mine nt one Uma extended seven miles under Solvay firth, near the entrance 10 the Irish sea, but its deepest workings were sealed off three years ago after ten men were killed in an explosion. One who had working underground .vnno di.-Ouncr from the- explosion was brought to the surface unhurt, but he said he had seen nothing of the other mtaers. If the toll of the explosion is as high as feared. It would be Britain's worst disaster since 178 persons were killed and GO Injured when a bomb exploded in a subway shelter in London In March, 18-13. Well over two hours after the ex- plosion rescue workers groplnc through the darkness and smoke had found no trace of the miners known to be at work in the pit. Harry Allen, the man who was working near the scene of the ex- losion and brought to the surface uninjured, was badly shocked. One of the missing- mea iris AUen's son. Three in Boat Killed by Lightning Syracuse, X. Y. Three 15- Truman will hand-pick tho Kil'ls- ridlnK ln a sma11 crntic vice-presidential nominee wrc by lightning -presidential nominee suggested today thnt he choose cha.mpioii of the working man." The Florida senator told a rc- >orter, however, he doesn't believe ftnry A. Wallace nnd Mr, Trumai; a pound, and reporting the greatest.could "pull together as a team.' ncreose, 66 cents, over 1930, and of money needed lor current greatest jump, 48 cents, sine transactions. Junc> 1MG- _ Gutt's summons to Paris coincides with the news that the United ured at 136. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the Hindu leader who was sworn in this morning as the first prime min- loncommunist Italy, a major ke; I to European recovery, and, is pre paring to hear pleas for help from Britain. In a move to help the moderate The conference itself lone de- ster ol Hlndu India, and Dr. Ra- De Gosperi regime withstand com- ayed by Ifferences, was scheduled to start t 4 p. m. On the program were n opening speech by President man declared today that national M-curtty demands that tho United States have n "fully manned, equip- ped and trained" National Guard ready to take the field "in time of national danger." He made this statement in a proc- lamation dcslgn.-itlng September 16 injured who were treated at the mine for minor burns nnd went home arc Mike Stlnklewlcz and W. A, Bliilr, c'lcctriclan.M of nearby Bunion. Harold L, Walker, Btatc super- intendent of mines and minerals, said the blast "probably was a local pas explosion." One man, working In a neighboring cntryway, said ho' saw n cloud of smoke and dust In Umiiuon September lojlhc nrcft but thtlt hc not know a.-. National Cunrd dny. Its bccn an exlosion until unco will be part of a rccrultlngihc tnurc bccn an explosion until drive to strengthen the National O.uiird. Mr. Truman n.sked Kpvi-rnors to Iv.ur proclamations for the observ- the surface nftcr the night's work, Mine companyspokesman urico Caspar Dutra of Brazil, a response for the delegates by For- eign Minister Jaime Torres Bodot of Mexico und an address by Scc- retary-Oeneral Trygve Lie of the United Nations. stituent assembly, were rudely man handled by unruly celebrating mob earlier as- they went to notify Mountbatten that the assembly hai endorsed him as governor-general They were not injured. Gandht Threatened Even Mohandas K. Gandhi, who is counted almost a saint by his The seat of the meeting was encountered hostility and block-long former grill room of threats' of violence In Calcutta, A (Continued on 4, Column who resented his PARLEY preachings of nonviolence hurled _____________ stones, at his house, but he was un- Injured and faced them down when inree japs Mlled he cmerged in Mt.> Asama Eruption Mountbatten, addressing the Hln- Tokyo Hot ashes thrown du constituent assembly after be- up in Thursday's eruption of.. Mt. ing sworn in, paid high tribute to Asama, DO miles northwest of Tokyo, Gandhi as India's "architect only five men were in tho bias not Injured, of thr National Guard Into the, na- tional .-.crvlre prior to World Wnr II Income Tax Sought for Minneapolis Declared Illegal St. General J, A. A. Burnquist todny held that ih? proposed graduated Income tax amendment In the city of Minne- apolis would be invalid. The legal opinion, requested by the Minneapolis city attorney, holds thnt the proposed amendment, as now framed, "is subject to a va- riety of legal objections which may require the courts to find It in- valid." Burnquist cites as one particular I objection the "indpflnlteness Insofar prevention WCCK as tfie tax on corporations is con- cerned." "The proposed tax affects no One-Shaft Mine The accident occurred between and 0 p. mine -offilcals siild, In the new Orient mine of the Chicago, Wilmington Franklin Coal Company. It is the largest one-shaft mine In the world, em- ploying more than men who produce about tons a day The mine Is about a mile north of here. In two recent southern Illinois disasters, 111 men were killed in in explosion at a Centralla mine March 25 and on July 24 nn ex- plosion In a mine across town here rom the New Orient killed 27 men. Truman Fire for October 5-11 only the citizens who reside In Mln. neapolls but other citizens within the state." Burnquist said. Eisenhower Action on Charges Kort Lrwli, Wash Gen- rml Dwlirht Elsenhower pre pared to fly to Denver today on the Ifg his trip eastward nftcr having stated that "If there hiivc been well-founded charges of lavish living by Mediterranean theater officers, "we won't have to wait for Congress to investlffwte." The churncN were first made while the army chief of staff In Aliiskii. from where hc returned week. Eisenhower suld hc had not heard of the matter. The Mediterranean theater com- mimdcr Is Lieutenant General John C. H. Lee. who said through the Wttr department yesterday he had "no on the published charges. Asserting that loss by fire has "almost doubled; during the past decade, Presiden Truman today called for the ob- servance of the week beginning Oc tobor 5 as "Fire Prevention week.' The President's prftclamatlon sale flrcN cost the United States more than in 1948. If he said, "flro threat- ens an more calamitous loss ol life and waste of material wealth.' He said preventable fires annually claimed the lives of thousands. London Daily Goes Along With Garbo Daily Ex- c.sB couldn't go all the way, but t did make a concession today to Greta darbo's wish to be alone. "This Is the smallest type we've the mass circulation daily announced, printing a seven-line skeletonized account of her first day's visit In London In tiny type. killed three Japanese and left two and to Nehru as "a world- missing, army headquarters renowned leader of courage and nounccd today. Round Steaks Wide variations, both in preseir States ted "new help" to and ln increases in the last eight years, were reported by vari- ous cities. Chicago has the highes present price, 95 cents a pound, anc (Continued on Page 10, Column 4 PRICE SURVEY Model Plane Meet in State Next Week Monllrcllo, Minn. Fifteen hundred boys from three nations, who do their flying witli minia- tures, will compete here next week for worth of trophies and prizes offered in the five-day jsa- ;lonal model airplane meet. The contestants will represent all of the 48 states In this country ,nd Mexico and Canada. Included munist pressure, the United States yesterday wrote off in asserted debts owned to this coun- try by the Italian government. This agreement, climaxing three months of discussions, was design- ed to take some of the sting out of the Italian peace treaty, which the American government tried vainly to soften during the peace confer- ence. Claims Waived Waiving eight separate claims against the Italian government, the State department announced it will seek no repayment for .11 postwar relief supplies, )00 in occupation expenses or 000.000 In smaller items. Simultaneously, the "nited States 'unfroze" in vested Ital- an property and frozen assets, turn- id over 23 merchant ships and prom- sed to pay up to to Italian prisoners for work done in he United Stales. As Us contribution, Italy agreed yesterday. The three. Patricia Hocle and Dorothy Zollns, both of Jordan.-and ScRi-ld Anderson, of Preblc, wlUa Joan Qulraby, also of Jordan, had. been swimming in Cross lake, near this upstate city, and sailing home on the Seneca river when the slorm broke. The Quimby was rendered temporarily unconscious by the bolt. Whon she revived, she swam ashore nnd ran to the HoRle home nearby for help. The boat remained afloat Weather Therefore Pepper said he is not proposing Wallace for the No. 2 spot despite the former vice-presi- dent's strong support of organized labor's The Florida senator snid he has no doubt that Mr, Truman will se- lect the man who is to run with him and that the convention will accept lii.s choice. That happened in 13'H when the late President Roosevelt cn-st Wallace adrift and chose Mr. Trumsin. he contended. Wallace, who was fired as sec- retary of commerce in a disagrcc- ncnt with the President over for- eign policies lost September, has suid hc is not Interested in the vicc- Di-c.sidOTil.inl nominiUlon. But, there oxiroiiie northwest tonight; m: indications that "orihrrn border Sat- cabinet member expected Popper's Slightly wnrmor Saturday, upport in any riKlU Wallace in nokc against Mr. Truman's loiiiinatioii. FEDERAL FORECASTS Winon.-x nnd vicinity: Generally 'air tonight and Saturday, somc- warmer Saturday. 'LOW to- 62; high Saturday ST. Minnesota: Fair south and partly iloudy north portion willi scattorod Pepper killed off any such hope vitli his assertion after n. White Wisconsin: tonight and Sat- urday. Somewhat warim-r west and central portions Saturday. FORECAST Minnesota-Wisconsin: Tempera.- a comes aroun to a possl will be the cream of some in Uie party, Pepper th model airplane builders. couid do worse than all of lost year's champions will louse visit yesterday Ihc lure will average from near normal President should be nnd will beiexlremc north fb four to eight dc- lomlnnl.ed and should be and above extreme south. Xor- clecled." jmal maximum 70 north to 85 south. if It; comes around to a possible Normal minimum 5-i north to 6- participate, but will find themselves pressed closely by model plane cn- huslasts who have developed mod- Is which recently hnvc unofficially iroken records. nominate "some outstanding tiiry man." He meiil.ioned Secretary of State Marshall. Genwnl soulh. Warmer Saturday and Sun- day with mild change to cooler around Monday or Tuesday. PivoilDitaunn will be quite spotty. oin- quarter Inch o turn over to meet the I There will be two grand prizes laims of American citizens Who'21 permanent of D. Elsonhowcr and Admiral Cho.sler wit.h Iiiirly frequent, hhowers nonh- W. NlmkK in thnt liiUor MIDIHV.OI.II MID period. President Trumiin lefl, tho Umi-'Klsrwhi-rr .scniu-ivil will property and other assets 01 laims destroyed or damaged during the war. Six claims against the American military and civilian forces also were dismissed By tht, Italian government.' The chief aim of the understand- ing, signed with a visiting Italian economic delegation, is to restore the close commercial ties that ex- isted in prewar years between Italy and the United States. Mahomed All Jlnnah, who today was sworn In as governor-gen- eral of the new Moslem dominion of Pakistan which he engineered into being, addresses delegates to the Pakistan constituent assembly after his election as the first president of the assembly. CA'.P. Wire- photo to The Parking Meter Hitching Post For Girl's Pony Potsdam, N. Y. yp) The streets of Potsdam no longer have hitch- ng posts, but the new parking meters serve the purpose. them donated by leading aviation enthusiasts and manufacturing con- 104 trophies to be won by first to fourth place winners in the various classes of competition. In addition there will be in cash prizes and merchandise prizes for winners down to 12lh place. The meet will be sponsored by the Minnesota department of the Amer- ican Legion and its service organi- 40 ct 8 society. The first day's events will be held; cd Increasing severity of at the Monticello airport. Indoor'ncsinn lie-publican ait-ncks on Dutch eunilned mnMly between Sunday ;ind Tiitj.silay. LOCAL IVKATllKR. Official observations for the 24 and place of jinny's eomvn lion wide open at his news con fercnco yesterday. Hi> answered re- ports ihnl il would bn held on Uic West coast, in July with t.he state-1 hours ending in 1U in" incut that iho national committee-' Maximum, 83; must decide such mailers. Indonesians Attack Outposts of Dutch Batavia, Java A minimum, 60: noon, 7S; precipitation, none; sun. .sets loniKht at sun rises to- ir.oiTow at: TEMPEUATUniCS Max. Min. Pet. nnds army communique today nol-. Duluih 81 69 55 59 Paul 81 .01 events, confined to the fifth day. outposis in Uie Indies nnd i will be run off in the University Dutch soldiers wore killed 93 T Minnesota fieldhouse. Admission, 14 wounded yesterday. .............101 jf will be free. Both sides have madu mutual 81 rnsnt-nns nf inns nf I QQ 7; Infant Cries Before Birth A A nickel a meter, and parked her pony by tying it to the meter shaft. police called It. George Pritchard, 33, Mill City Writer, Dead A six-week ill- ness with a heart ailment ended yesterday in the death of George Pritchard, 33, reporter for the Minneapolis Tribune. Pritchard atcnded Hlbblng Junior college and worked as .a reporter and copyrcader on the Hibbing Tribune several years ago. At one lime hc WILS employed by the Du- uth News Tribune and was editor of the Moose Lake Star Gazette. He received his degree from the Jnivcrsity of Minnesota in June, ust three weeks before hc was stricken with his fatal illness. Mrs. Lydla Pritchard, and a survive. a full hour before birth was "doing nicely" today in Good Samaritan hospital here. So was a twin sister, born a short time later yesterday, anc their mother, the hospital reported. Dr. Joseph Crotty, Cincinnati obstetrician, said it was the first time he had heard an infant crying before birth "In more than ten years In specializing in this field." Frog Find Body of Woman, 88 young couple muling- frogs in marshland near Cedar Lake, in the cily limils, yes- ;erday found the body of Mrs. Bertha Wingc, 88, who was last! seen June 28 when she left ionic to go for her customary walk. A friend identified the body. Cor- oner Russcl R. Helm said she had) died of natural causes. 59 76 80 58 cusations of repealed violauons of a'ccase-Jire order made eflectivc at..' midnight August by request- of; the United Nations security coun- _ cii. Dealer Gives Up Hope of Finding He Lost New Wor- t'nborg