Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 14, 1953, Winona, Minnesota
Fair Tonight And Saturday; Cooler Tonight VOLUME 53, NO. 151 Receive Your Paper At Your Vacation 3321 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, AUGUST 14, ,1953 SIXTEEN PAGES Argestolion, Naval Base and chief town on the Greek island of KefaUinia, presented a scene of destruction in this low level air view. The shells of wrecked homes and the rubble-filled streets illustrate the devastation wrought by the current series of earthquakes on KefaUinia and the neighboring Ionian Sea islands of Ithaca and Zakinthos in which people are estimated to have lost their lives. (AP Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald) Wheat Control Plan Up to Farmers Today By OVID A. MARTIN WASHINGTON Lfl Wheat farmers took off from crop work today to ballot in a nationwide referendum on a proposal that the federal government be allowed to restrict production and marketing of wheat nfixt y62r I The purpose of the proposal made by Secretary of Agriculture j Benson under terms of farm-aid law is to prevent the production nex, year of a wheat crop that would z.dd to a staggering surplus of the grain. The vote thus has important economic significance, and politi- cal overtones as well. An affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of those voting is re-1 quired to put the proposal into j effect. Some growers are j eligible to vote in polling places j established in all wheat-growing) communities by local and state More Tremors Strike Greek Quake Victims farmer committees. Maurice A. Kutcheson, above, president of Brotherhood of Carpenters, sat in his hotel room in Chicago after the 000-member group severed con- nections with the American Federation of Labor. Action by other AFL leaders in okaying an agreement with the CIO to ban "raids" on rival union membership was given as the reason but Hutchcson said: the climax of something that's been going on for a long time in the AFL." (AP photo) By ALLAN JACKS PATRAI, Greece. UP) Eleven more earth tremors shook the Ion- ian islands Kefallinia, Ithaca and Zakinthos today. Landslides, fire and death continued to stalk the survivors, already stricken by modern Greece's worst earthquake disaster. But the new tremors were of sub- siding intensity and air-sea aid and rescue units from many nations were reaching the scene. There still was no accurate ac- count of dead and injured. Ameri- can observers said they believed a Greek government estimate of Little Hope Seen For Unified Korea SEOUL Korean Prime Minister Paik Too Chin said today he sees "little prospect of the Reds relinquishing the spoils of their banditry" in the political confer- ence on Korea. Paik made the statement in con- nection with the fifth anniversary tomorrow of the founding of the Republic of Korea. "An attempt will be made at the coming political conference to unify us with our brothers in the Paik said. "I see little prospect of the Reds relinquishing the spoils of their banditry except as they may be compelled by force of arms." New Hampshire Lawyer Named ToTobey'sSeat CONCORD, N. H. W) Gov. Hugh Gregg (R) today appointed Robert W. Upton, 69-year-old Con- cord lawyer, to the U. S. Senate seat vacated by the recent death of veteran Sen. Charles W. Tobey Upton, a Republican, will serve until January, 1955. The remaining two years of Tobey's term will be filled in the 1954 election. A full six year term candidate also will be chosen in that elec- U. 5., Britain Differ on Having India at Parley Final Decision Will Be Made by 60-Nation Assembly Secretary Benson and some oth- er officials said they expected the proposal to win approval. But re- ports circulated yesterday among wheat traders that private polls showed a possibility quotas would jfaU m the be defeated. naval forces, flew over Zakinthos, the main city on the island of the same name, and reported by radio that he saw "a large part of a cliff Heavy selling on the Chicago Board of Trade forced wheat fu- tures down yesterday to the lowest prices in more than six years, but by the close they had recovered to to S1.S2 "a bushel, to of a cent lower than Wednesday's finish. The referendum is the first held Rages Fires still raged over the city of be the second time in New Hamp- shire history that the state elected two senators in the same election. Letters Offer Aid to Senate Teen-age Prober By JOHN CHADWICK WASHINGTON letter TODAY Russian Plan Sure To Fail By STEWART ALSOP a little while, when a junketing reporter has left one country for another, things which seemed important and at the time tend to fade and blur, until only a queer dim mixture 01 population, he reported, and oil and gasoline storage drums were exploding. He added: two or three modern buildings in Zakinthos are surpris- ingly undamaged, the rest of the town is in even a worse condition than Argostolion. It has been gut- ted by fire in addition to receiving serious earthquake damage." British and Greek sailors form- ed fire fighting parties. British Navy planes dropped relief sup- plies along the coast. The fire menanced by exploding grenades the fishermen kept in their cot- By MAX HARRELSON UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. Both the United States'-and Britain stood their ground today in a split over the proposed seating of India at the forthcoming Korean politi- cal conference. Indian sources conceded, how- ever, that the United States ap- peared to have the most support among the 16 countries trying to work out a joint proposal on the composition of the conference, Britain and Canada both feel strongly that India should be among those chosen to represent the world organization at the par- ley. Most of the others were re- ported either indifferent or on the side of the United States. The final decision, however, will be made by the 60-nation U.N. General Assembly, convening here Monday. Chief U.S. Delegate Henry j Cabot Lodge Jr. brought the split i into the open last night, declaring that the U.N, should be represent- ed only by countries which fought I for it in Korea. That :d the United States has nothing against India, but feels the armistice agreement made it clear that the U.N. should be represented by countries who had armed forces under its flag. The British declined to com- ment, but they were understood to feel strongly that both India and Russia should sit at the conf er- I ence. along with those who did the I fighting. i The British reportedly believe that India, which has close contact with Communist China and which authored the U.N. resolution on which the Korean armistice was based, would be a constructive force 'in the parley. The British also feel that exclusion of Russia unrealistic." or TO By Hurricane fil'cf nff of juvenile United States, Britain, France, Canada, The Philippines, From all parts of the country j Thailand and Colombia letters have begun to flood in from i These sources said the parents, judges, church groups, j social workers, bar associations, I colice officials and others. Ameri- cans are willing to add such coun- tries as Australia and Turkey, i which sent troops to Korea, but The U.N.C. made its first official whether all eligible Chinese POWs already had been freed. U. S. Secretary of State John ources j hurricane moved steadily north- ward and headed for southern New Jersey where it was expected to send back every Allied prisoner were dispiayed as far north demand for an answer in a meet- -ininf TT i adIU and threatened to hold back some Communist POWs as a safeguard against any Red holdouts. The Reds' Peiping radio in turn charged Dulles with "blackmail" and accused the Allies of illegally holding out 120 Chinese. Peiping ur Panmun of triation jom. The Reds gave no answer. Col. Louis C. Friedersdorff, chief as the Massachusetts coast. The Norfolk Weather Bureau re- ported shortly after 6 a.m. that the winds had begun to diminish, dropping to an average of 35 miles an hour with top gusts of 56 miles an hour. The wind had reached its prisoners charged with an "indicta-i peai< at Norfolk at a.m. with immediate table offense." jan average of 53 miles per hour But the U. S. State Department j and a top gust of 76 miles per striking feature is the number want no more than 12 nations on, of' persons, volunteering _to help in i y R S S aU POWs XwTn? return must non, apparently an-j back all prisoners who insist on be sent back with no exceptions. denied the Red and said j hour. At Cape Henry the average any way they can withou i publicity. pay or Krishna that t velocity was 55 miles per hour. 80 MPH Winds The hurricane itself bears winds But a glance through the letters Inoyed by the fight, told newsmen] repatriation. indicates hat the theme recurring that India is no "candidate" for As the commission met 84 Amer- most frlauertly is that grownups membership in the conference. Scans and 322 other Allied captives mobt frequently is .l. Red cativit The tense further b y debate was conflicting snarled reports any countries side. i Because of the possible sharp! The committee was set up last decline in wheat prices that would I spring by Sec. Benson after he had 'follow a defeat of controls, Chair- called upon dairymen to develop man Hope (R-Kan) of the House j a program that would end heavy i Agriculture Committee has urged government buying of butter, [farmers to vote for them. Benson cheese and other dairy products i has kept hands off, except to urge I for the purpose of supporting pro- all eligible farmers to vote. aucer prices. are to blame for wayward youth. I "This is "There is no juvenile delinquen- j he said. cy: it is adult wrote one woman. A man long active in church I Communists are work expressed "belief that "Sun- day desecration, broken homes, absence from Sunday school and church, and ignorance are the i reasons we are the most lawless I nation in the world." I "We trust you will probe deep, and in doing so know you will i render a real service to your the letter added. I Public officials were taken to task by the man writing from Call- fornia. He wrote: "If our officials would go to ......_____ ________ whether all Chinese who want to not' like "a race for of-1 rode eagerly from Red captivity j go home have been returned to the to freedom at the exchange point Reds at Panmunjom, He maintained that, under terms I here. The U. N. Command said Thurs- of the armistice agreement, the Both Reds and U. N. accused day that its shipment of 222 Chi- free to choose the other of holding back prison- j nese that day was the last de- to represent their ers entitled to go home. And on the Allied side, there was church on Sundays and have fes- tivals, rodeos and the like on week- days, we would have less delin- quency among both our adults and juveniles." A letter from a school athletic coach said he was interested in particularly betting on school athletic games." Other letters suggested steps that might prove helpful in getting at the problems of narcotics, alcohol and gang warfares among young.- Struggle Grows Between Strikers, French Premier PARIS settled down was the strike generally effective, today to a bitter struggle between There still was no sign of any striking labor and economy-minded I move to end the walkouts. The ad- Premier Joseph Laniel. With mil- amant unions already have widened their .demands to include a call for a general wage increase. And Laniel, a hard-headed multi- millionaire textile manufacturer, insisted he would not be pressured into revoking his cost-cutting de- livery of Chinese scheduled to return. However, Secretary of the Army Robert T. Stevens stepped from his plane in Washington after a Korean visit and said 250 Chinese Reds involved in crimes during their captivity might be held back. He said he understood that not all eligible Chinese POWs had been repatriated. already off their jobs, the walkouts spread to civilian work- ers in the nation's arsenals, army hospitals and quartermaster out- fits. Only workers were in- volved in the 24-hour walkout atjcrees. The government made no the military installations, but they step to dramatized the unions' determina-1 tion not to stop until Laniel aban- doned plans to trim government even negotiate. Network of Planes U. S. Army and Air Force units in France set up their own "Oper- payrolls and up the retirement ation strike" to cope with the up- age for the civil service. In voting for ttejnvesti-1 with no end in sight) the nation's railroads were still paralyzed, her gation, the directed that I to the extent specifically I iuiiiuuuj service "dirn'in- Comrnunicati0n SyS- tern tied in knots. "to which juveniles are'violating federal laws relating to the sale or use of narcotics." The probe by Hendrickson's Senate judiciary subcommittee is more than a mil- expected to start public hearings, ,ion workerSj were out for an in. Indefinite Period Employes in these and other gov- Greek Women, one carrying her baby, leave a rescue boat at Piraeus with salvaged belongings on arrival from the earth- quake-wrecked island of Kefallinia off the Western coast of Greece in the Ionian Sea. All available craft were engaged in rescue work as tremors shook the island of Zakynthos, Ithaca and Kefallinia for the fifth successive day. (AP Wirephoto via radio from Rome) (definite period. Their ranks were swelled yesterday by more than j three million others in numerous and quit for 24 hours to support the civil servants' demands. here and elsewhere, in the fall. Overparking Cheaper Than Jaywalking Fine ASTORIA, Ore. Hjor-1 But yesterday's response to the and George Sullivan saw po-1 strike call was only partially ef- licemen preparing to write over- j fective, indicating the wave might parking tickets for their automo-1 have reached its peak. Banks and bjles i insurance companies remain e d They sprinted across the street j open, as did department stores. to put nickels in the parking! The stock market functioned. So meters As a result they paid fines did most other private businesses, though all have been slowed by of SI each for jaywalkin. The fine for overparking lack of communications. Only have been 50 cents. [in the metal working industries heaval. They flung their own net- work of planes and buses across the nation, keeping food, mail and personnel moving to fill their forces' needs. Convoys of American vehicles brought in fresh milk and other perishables "from Holland and Germany. Army buses and Air Force planes hauled stranded sol- diers and mails to France, Britain and Germany. New walkouts threatened. News- paper workers were ordered out for 24 hours on Monday. The Com- munist Building Trades Union met to discuss a strike of its members. up to 80 miles per hour over a small area near the center and gales extend outward 140 miles. Arrival of the hurricane coincid- ed with low tides in the Hampton Roads area. The Weather Bureau said the tides were only a little above normal and a minimum of flooding was expected. Heavy rain squalls developed at 3 a.m. and continued for several hours. North Carolina fared worse un- der the beating of the wind, which reached 90 miles per hour, killing at least one man and injuring five other persons. Lines Down Power and communication lines j were torn down, trees uprooted torrential highways Asked to explain the apparent I and broken, roofs and signs blown conflict, a U. N. C. spokesman said away. High tides and the POW situation and all related! rains flooded streets, matters have been reported to land basements, "high authority in Washington." j Forewarned, however, residents He said any comment would have I battened down everything that could be, evacuated the most dan- to come from Washington. Fifty more Americans are sched- i gerous areas and braced for the uled to be freed at Panmunjom in j blow. Damage, as a result, was Saturday's exchange, along with I relatively light. Much of the North 50 British and 300 South Koreans. Carolina area swept by the storm The 84 Americans who returned j is sparsely populated. Friday brought the U. S. total freed Called Barbara for the second in 10 days of the exchange to 907; letter of the alphabet, the storm of 3 313 the Reds said they held, i'was discovered only Wednesday The Reds also returned 74 Brit-1325 miles east of Daytona Beach, ish, 1 Canadian and 247 South Ko-1 Fla. reans, eight of whom were litter j cases although classed "able-bod- j ied" by the Reds. i The shipment of 406 made a total of Allied prisoners re- turned of the Reds listed. The Americans who came back I night and-Saturday. Cooler tonight. Friday added to the stories of cal-1 Low tonight 65, high Saturday 78. lous mistreatment in Red LOCAL WEATHER murder and beatings and near-1 Official observations for the 24 starvation and turncoat Ameri- hours ending at 12 m. today: WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair to- cans who went over to the Reds. They also told of other Ameri- Maximum, 92; minimum, 64; noon, 80; precipitation, none; sun The unions continued a tieup of I convicted on trumped up charges the Paris subway and bus system j in courts-martial as late as July. into its third day. One independent day after the armistice union balked at the continuance and was signed and the shooting a few subway trains operated. But I cans, the tough sets tonight at sun rises to- men who refused to buckle to the (morrow at Communists. Some of these die- hard Americans, they said, were Parisians had to depend mostly on taxicabs and nearly army trucks which continued to haul ci- vilians about the city. "Coming back here is like com- ing into another said Cpl. James R. Young, 21, of Queen City, Tex. AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 86 at p. m. Thursday, low 71 at a. m. today. Noon readings temp. 79, scattered layer of clouds at feet, visibility 15 miles plus. The wind was from the northwest at 17 miles per hour, the barometer rising slowly at 30.05 and the hu- midity was 51 per cent.