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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 14, 1947, Winona, Minnesota EATHER filr lunlrhl >ml J'rlrtay. Ctmfcr tnnllht. Full Leased Wire Report of The Associated Press 126 DAYS gwlmmlnr Pool EnibUac Art Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME 47. NO. I5I WJNONA, MINNESOTA. THURSDAY EVENING. AUGUST 14, 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES Truman Doubts Special Session Needed Moslems Obtain Part of India Hindus Will Get Powers Tomorrow British Formally Yield Authority After Generations Karachi (fit Viceroy Lord Mountbatten relinquished the reins of British power today to the new Moslem dominion of Pakistan, the birth of which at midnight tonight he called "an event In history." "Tomorrow." the viceroy declared in farewell address before the Pakistan constituent assembly, "two new sovereign states will take their place in the commonwealth; not young nations but heirs of an old ?xnd proud civilization; full Inde- pendent whose leaders are .'.talesmen already known and re- spected throughout the world; not immature governments, or weak, but fit to carry on their great .-.hare of responsibility for peace and prog- ress in the world." diinhrn Ilrporlrcl Thr viceroy returns to New Delhi tomorrow to surrender Jlrlllsh rr to Hindu India and become gov- ernor grnrnil of that new dominion Even as he spoke In Karachi blood was being spilled In communa In tho where fighting brtwern Moslems on the ono hanc and and Hlndu.i on the other rruchrd nrw heights of destruction nnd vlcilrncr. Lahore, the capital of the vast 22 Buchenwald Attendants To Hang for Camp Crimes 1'. Wlmilinto to Thn ItfipubHcan-IIernlcl Hue Koch northern province which is being split between Moslem Pakistan and Hindu India, counted Its casualties in the hundreds after long hours of rioting and flames swept through much of the city. The fighting also fanned out Into Amrlt-iur and other outlying areas of the Punjab. In predominantly Hindu city thousands of cheering persons lined the route from government house to the constituent assembly hall, wav- ing green and white Pakistan rings as Mountbattcn passed. Mahomed All Jlnnah, president o: the Moslem league and the iendlng advocate for Pakistan, already has been chosen governor-general of the new dominion nnd president of Its constituent assembly, The birth of freedom means that for the first time In nearly three centuries Indians will have complete control over the destinies and vast resources of their own people. Becomes Two Nations It means that the teeming sub- continent which has been a rich Jewel In the British empire for long a time now becomes two na- tions, a Hindu dominion of 000 stretching from the Himalayas to Calcutta; and a Moslem dominion of two parts populated by Moslems. Sikhs. Parsls and the countless other communities of India divided between the two. Waupun Prisoner Who Escaped Guards Caught Madlnon, Win. prisoner serving three to 15 years In the state rirlNon at Waupun who escaped rrom the Juncaq county courthouse at Mauston last night was arrested here early today after he had forced ft Wonewoc man to drive him to Legion Elects Farmington Man New Commander Madison, The prisoner, Olenn Lester DCS 24, made his escape from an ante room on the second floor of the courthouse wherV 'he "wtfs 'nclng charges of automobile theft jcfore circuit Judge Roland J. Stelnle. He brushed past an armed guard when his attorney, J. John But whether the birth of freedom will bring peivce to the tormcnlcc land is another question. In Lahore, unofficial sources esti- mated that S.'> per cent of the Pun- Jab capital's 500.000 Hindu and Sikh population had fled the city and that It now was populated principal- ly by Moslems. Communal rcglsicrs kept by vol- ur.trcris lit Mayo hospital in Lahore that DO Sikhs and Hindus wr.-c kllJrd In knife attacks last niKht and that Moslems wen; by military and police gunfire. Mn-N raged thrcuiRli five Sikh through tin- Anarkull ba- r-imr and elsewhere In the city and nfficul reports said Hindu and Sikh nhops had been looted. The criminals of some provinces hnvr been promised that death m-n- trnrri nnd juii tcrrn.-i be remitted h.-. jmrt of Ihr- feNllvl- tlr.t. The will Ijr given .twcetn. TJirrr will and Micl flrcwfirk.1.'. There- will be pniy-! rr.t and offerings of thanksgiving ti strange to Christians, N. D. Wheat Yield Good Petrous of Madison, stepped Into the hall to call the 'district at- torney, Charles P. Curran, Dane Nash of Wonewoc told Madison police that, as he was putting his car away at the rear of his residence, Des Bouillons ap- proached him with his right hand In his Jacket pocket, telling Nash he was holding a gun. Nash said DCS Bouillons told him to drive "where he was told or suffer tho Upon tho orders Nash drove to Madison, Stopping at a Madison oil station Des Bouillons ordered Nash to re- main In the car but when Sam Cuc- cla, station attendant, went to get some change. Nash Jumped out of the car and crouched behind It. s'ash shouted to Cuccla that Des Bouillons had a gun, and the- prisoner Jumped Into the car and drove away. Dachau, Germany An American war crimes court to- day sentenced 22 Buchenwald concentration camp attendants to hang for atrocities committed against Inmates during the Nazi regime. Five others were sentenced to life Imprisonment, among them Frau Use Koch, widow of the former Buchenwald commandant, who Is expected to give birth next month] to a baby conceived while a prisoner One defendant was sentenced to 20 years Imprisonment, two to 15 years and one to ten years. Died In Camp The 31 defendants were convicted Tuesday after a four-months trial More than prisoners died in the notorious camp, which was situated on the outskirts of JVeimar, a quiet town in the Thurlngla prov- ,nce famed as the residence of the German poet Goethe. Among those condemned to die were Hermann Plster, a former camp commandant, and Max Scho- bcrt, former camp leader. Those sentenced to life imprison- ment included Edwin Katzenellen- bogcn, a former American citizen elected from among the Inmates to become a trusty, and former Prince Joslas Waldcck, a high-ranking S. S. (elite guard) officer and the first German of royal blood to be tried for war crimes. The courtroom, where several hundred Germans have been tried for war crimes in tho last two years, was jammed as tho court president. Brigadier General Emil Police officers patrolling the area saw a man Jump aboard a running board of u car, jerk open the door C. Keil, read the sentences. Most of the defendants received their sentences with outward calm. Tried to Escape Trial A doctor was In attendance for Frau Koch, because of her ad- vanced pregnancy. The hard-faced, red-haired widow, who allegedly shored the camp rule.vwltli her com- mandant husband, was accused of having prisoners killed so the could make lamp shades, purses and book bindings out of their tatooed ikln. She tried unsuccessfully to escape trial because of her pregnancy which has never been officially ex- plained. Her husband was executed jy the Nazis several years ago. It has been estimated that ap- proximately prisoners were held in the Buchenwald camp at one time or another during the Nazi Price Probe Endorsed By Truman President Not Planning Labor, Management Talks Tru- man Indicated today he has noj plans to call a labor-management conference, such as the C.I.O. pro- posed as a move to seek voluntary cuts in prices. Mr. Truman was asked to com- ment at a news conference on the C.I.O. proposal. In Mr. Truman recalled that in November, 1045, he called a labor-management conference. He commented that It was not success- ful. The, 1945 conference was con- cerned with labor relations and economic matters. Endorses Trice Probe The President said he heartily en- dorsed the price investigation Jusl undertaken by Attorney General Clark, and hopes it will obtain re- sults. Clark has ordered the Justice de- partment's anti-trust division, to .nvestigate food, clothing and hous- ng prices to determine whether Eight Firemen and two volunteers were injured when an explo- sion razed this three-story building housing the Knights of Pythias hall, and the Harpster-Helser Hardware Company In Lancaster, Ohio. Three of the firefighters were plunged from the second floor to the first and buried under debris, by the explosion. They remained con- scious and helped direct rescuers. (A.P. Wirephoto.) Georjre K. Kalsematt By Don Brannon there are any conspiracies to raise }rlces. A reporter asked Mr. Truman if le meant by his remarks that he loped Clark could check the rise n prices or simply point out those who have combined to keep prices up beyond normal profit margins. The President said the reporters; would have to wait and see, but he! thought that the investigation would be mare likely to point out those who are holding prices up un- Faribault, some necessarily. residents Faribault took on the! On a related matter, Mr. Trumani aspects of a "ghost town" today as paid he has a cabinet food commit-i U. S. Sets August 2 1 Deadline on Korea By Edward E. Bomar Washington. (7P) The United States gave Russia one week from today to "put up or shut up" In American-Soviet efforts to achieve a united Korea. Stripped of its diplomatic language, that is the essence of Sec- retary of State Marshall's letter to Soviet Foreign Minister Molo- tov, setting an August 21 deadline for a report on the long stalemated negotiations by a joint commission in Seoul. If the Russians fall to put up by then, Marshall said, "each govern- ment may immediately consider what further steps may usefully be taken to achieve the aims of- the Moscow agreement, namely the es- tablishment of regime. the Minnesota Legionnaires sped'tee looking into the crop outlook toward their homes.after four determine whatever steps may packed with parades, both sched- be necessary as to exports. uled and impromptu, drum and bugle corps exhibitions and other activities associated with Legion affairs. The Minnesota department wound up its four-day convention last night after electing George J MacArthur Warns Efforts Needed To Secure Peace By The AMOclated Press The greatest war in history came to an end two years ago today with the surrender of Japan. _ _____ The surrender announcement was, defeated, and the original' resolu- Kalsersatt of Farmington com- mander to succeed E, B. Miller Bralnerd, and a slate of other offic- ers to direct activities for the com- ing year. Most of yesterday's session was ,aken up by consideration and ac- tion on resolutions. The only pro- posal that brought a controversy was that suggesting that a state bonus, if one is approved, be paid out of the state's revenue funds. An attempt to amend the resolution by "Jharles S. Bellows, commander of He said this when a reporter asked if the reduced crop outlook (Continued on Page 6, Column 1) PRICE PROBE U. S. Agrees to Cancel Debt Owed by Italy Washington (JP) The United States today agreed to cancel about In debts owed it by independent, Korea which can take its place among the United Nations." Warns Russia American authorities who left no doubt as to the new "put up or shut up" attitude represent Marshall as determined that the Korean nego- tiations must not bog down com- pletely as have efforts to reach other method for reaching an agree- ment. As a last resort, they added, this 4-. i country might simply give up the rf nf Project and concentrate on retauild- department sold, to ease the'bur- ,__J the Italian government. agreements with the some other issues. Soviets on State Payments To Local Units To Be Increased St. Paul Minnesota's state government will pay out in state to local units of. gov- ernment during the blennlum. just ments in Germany, at least. New Funds For Europe Must Wait Reiterates Support for St. Lawrence Seaway Project man declared today that ho scca nothing on the horizon to require a special session of Congress, thus virtually eliminating possibility of egislative action this year.on new unds to aid Europe's recovery. The President's remark came at i news conference at which he declined to comment on the current oiks of Increasing Ruhr coal pro- duction or on the general British inancial crisis. Mr. Truman said that he -would unable to supply figures on how much the Marshall plan will cost. He pointed out that any estimate vill depend upon surveys by this ountry as well as the results of he Paris conference on Secretary f State Marshall's suggestion they ct together on a self-help plan. He said, however, that he would urnlsh these figures when re complete and results of the onfcrcncc are known. Asked If iic had any comment n the "clamor" for a Marshall plan or the western hemisphere, the resident said that there hnd al- ays been a Marshall plan In ef- ct for the western hemisphere, ddlng, that 't was known as the :onroe doctrine. Meanwhile, efforts to force a. showdown on how far the United States Is willing to go In cosine Britain's'economic plight may fea- ture next week's Anglo-American financial talks. Talks Called Those discussions have been called specifically to consider possible re- visions in the year old loan agreement in order to prevent. Britain's Collar reservoir from run- ning dry. But American officials privately concede the probability that British delegation -will try to wldea the scope of the conference to In- clude a cut in Britain's comznlt- started, or approximately 000 more than in the last two years. Earl Berg, state commissioner of administration, disclosed today In an analysis prepared at the request of Governor Luther Youngdahl that ,he boost is about 45 per cent more n aid which the state government While the letter made no mention s contributing to help local gov- of what "further steps" this gov- 1 ernments meet their financial prob- ernment might have in mind, some i officials suggested the United States I might take the issue back to a four- power conference in quest of some Star post in Minneapolis, was peace. treaty. densome clauses" of the Italian made In a broadcast by Emperor tion adopted. Hlrohlto, the earnest little mani whose powers have been wlptd away in these last two years, but whose people still treat him with reverence. and try to force the driver to move General Douglas MacArthur is in over so that he could get behind charge now. And from him today the wheel. The officers blocked the cur's path und apprehended DCS Bouillons. lie was not carrying i gun. Nosh's car was found later on the west side of the city.- Des Bouillons was sentenced in 1045 to concurrent terms totaling three to 15 on .six counts Of operating automobiles without the owner's consent, three counts of larcc-ny from persons and three counts of larceny. ItKmarrk, N. n. This Trapeze Artist at Owatonna Killed Owiitiiiinit, Minn. Tvatihoff wan fatally injured and his wifu shaken up and bruised when a pole on which they were performing broke, dropping both to Lho ground late Wednesday. They were trapeze artists performing at the Steelc county free fair. Ivanhoff was about 21 feet from the ground, holding a trapezo on Others Elected Other officers elected were: First vice-commander ing southern Marshall's communication, deliv- Kremlln Tuesday by The State department to ed the decision in making public an I Ambassador Walter Bedell Smith was made public by the State de- Victor Zlebarth, Pine City, outgoing tenth district commander, unopposed. Second Darst. Rochester, unopposed. Third E Brady, Minneapolis, victor In a three-way contest. Biller of Will- mar. National commltteeman for two T. Anderson ol Austin, (Continued on Page 3, Column 1) LEGION came n message to his occupation forces reminded them that "the vic- torious end of battle became the beginning of an equally vital cam- paign to secure the peace." "We now enter the lost phase in Japan of this test of our he added. "It Is you men and women, military and civilian, who have composed the Allied forces of occupation who are bringing this task to a successful The socialist premier of Japan, Tetsu Katayama, noted the anni- versary, too. He called upon his countrymen to stress science, labor and an International outlook If they would become a thoroughly peace- ful nation. Conquered Japan will be opened ;omorrow to limited foreign trade, jut the peace treaty for which the Japanese yearn is still in the future.! tion but that the President Preliminary talks may start shortly. Pepper Endorses Truman for Race Washington From the White House steps Senator Pepper (D.-FIa.) voiced his support <5f President Truman for re-election. Low tonight 60; high Friday 88. "I don't think there is any ques-' accord concluded with an Italian financial mission after three months of negotiation. Under the pact, the United States waives all claim to payment for ap- proximately in civilian supplies furnished by the American army to Italian civilians and owed for occupation costs. Polio Victim, 9, Flown to Minneapolis Grant Larson, nine, of Minneapolis, was admitted Wednesday to Elizabeth Kenny Institute. He was stricken with polio August 6 at Devils Lake, N. Institute officials said. His father, Selmer Larson, had him brought to Minneapolis by plane. Weather FEDERAL. FORECASTS Winona and Vicinity: Fair and to- Cooler tonight partment while the -secretary was en route by plane to the Inter- American defense conference at Rio- de Janeiro. Deadlocked Since July The Korean negotiations have been deadlocked a second time since July 2. They were resumed at Molotov's suggestion May 20 after a year's lapse. The joint commission's quarrel is over the same issue which Marshall undertook to clear up lust, May be- fore agreeing to resume negotiations. That Is the question of which dem- ocratic political parties and social groups should have a hand In work- ng out plans for the unified, pro-j visional government. The United States has chtirgcc he Russians with trying to bar all jut communists and their .satellites The Russians have contended in Governor Youngdahl wanted to know how much increases in school aids the and 1945 welfare funds, voted by legislature, and other changes had increased the state's share toward the local costs and how large Minnesota's extensive grants in aid system had grown. Total payments of grants in aid for the present fiscal year will amount to Berg found: This will exceed by almost 300 the total for the first year of the last biennlum and by approxi- mately the. amount for the second year, which came to an end June 30, Grants in aid paid out by the state for the first year of that biennium totaled 390 and for the second year, Just closed, the total is estimated at Berg said amount to be paid out n grants in aids in the second ,-ear of the current blennlum, which :nds June 30, 1949. will reach a lew peak of which his wife, Lolna, perform- ing. He suffered Internal Injuries, several broken ribs nnd shock. He died early today. John Anelrus, 64, Dead in Minneapolis yr-ar's wticiit. crop rcilli-d In otf hurvc.vt firld.s of south central North Dakota today with early re- ports Indicating a good crop, al- though intense heat of the pant! Minneapolis John E. An M-vf-ml days, rms shrivelled some ofjdus. Jr., C4, former Mlnneapoli, the wheat, contractor and real estate operate Kirs: shipment t.o Jamestown but a resident of Daytono-Beach nvcruccd between sit and 02 pound! Fla., since 1030, died yesterday in Minneapolis hospital. Ho had been spending the summer at hl.s Tlanna farm near Walker, Minn. Andrus win: the- -ion of John E. Andm-i, Sr. who was ranked nn one of the na- tion's wealthiest men when he died at In 1934. Hl.i fortune was esti- mated at cur .situation bu.shel, It, F, IJoi-hm, a grain firm operator, Biilil. He iiflded that the box i< "far from t.'iiit tic felt elevators will bu clog- In the vicinity of Bismarck yleld.'i have been running from 14 to 30 bushels per acre, with an average of about 18 bushels to the acre. PiiUl Kwald. manager of fcn elevator, .said that some wheat fhrivclled by the heat, has been graded No. 2 and No. ;i but most tin- criiln n-i'flvi'd IIIIM rains have c-ontrtit of laercased .some 0[ wtirut to us much us 'M jivr cent, fir added, making It m-crx.siiry to lo Mich wlirni it dries. Odom Presented to President Washington Captain Wil- liam P, Odom, 27 year-old flier who been circled the world alone In record time week, received President the Truman'.1! congratulations today, the Odom, who Hew here from Now York Iruit night, attended tho Presi- dent's weekly news conference as a visitor nnd a.'terwardfi was present- ed to tho chief executive. lowcver, at tho Insistence of the Upltcd States. A call for a prompt peace was made in a VJ-day broadcast by President Manuel A. Roxas of the Philippine republic. He said the peoples of Asia "arc clamoring for speedy conclusion" of a treaty. In Allied capitals of the world, VJ-day passed quietly. The peace was still to be secured. Russia Assails Greek Officials Take S decent Russia charged today that former Axis collaborators held prominent posi- tions In the Greek government and contended that foreign Interference vas worsening the situation dally nslde Greece. be and will be nominated, and should be and will be Pep- per declared to reporters after a cal on the President. Adding political significance to the Florida senator's remarks are the particular position he occupied in the Democratic party. Pepper Is close to the C.I.O. and other labor groups. He also is a warm friend of Henry A. Wallace, former vice-president who was ousted by President Truman as commerce secretary after they clashed over foreign policy. Furthermore, Pepper has been a frequent critic of the present ad- ministration although he applaud- ed President Truman's, labor and tax bills vetoes. Canada Protests Embargo on Coal Ottawa The Canadian overnmcnt has made "vigorous cpresentatlons" to the U, S. State cpartment about the embargo laced on American coal shipments vcr Canadian National railway lines, n senior government official sold today. Left on Subway Train New subway car (doors closed behind him and the train started out of the station before Frank Wortenberg of Sacra- mento, Calif., remembered he had left a briefcase containing on a scat. The money, In and bills, was lost yesterday and had not turned Uj3 today despite a re- ward of Wortenberg told police he brought the money here to buy used autos.l this Cool- er southeast and warmer northwest this afternoon. Warmer Friday. Wisconsin: Generally fair this afternoon, tonight and Friday. Cool- er this afternoon and tonight. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 92; minimum, 63; noon, 78; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min, Pet. Chicago 94 74 Duluth 75 59 Los Angeles 81 60 Miami 84 79 vllnncapolls-St. Paul 88 50 New Orleans ......87 73 York D7 74 Seattle 80 56 .23 T .09 RIVER BULLETIN Stage Change Today 24-Hr. Hastings 4.4 Red Wing 2.2 3.1 Winona 5.4 La Crosse 4.6 Tributary Streams BJack at Galcsvlllc 2.3 0.01 0.0! 0.0 -0.1 turn that the Americans have .spon- sored unacceptable "reactionary" groups. Wisconsin Bank Examiner Dead Madison, DavJes, 39, examiner with the state bank- ing department, died In a Madison hospital following heart attack last night. Before Joining tho staff of the banking commission in 1942, Davlcs served the Wisconsin State Journal at Madison as office manager and advertising executive. HIVER FORECAST From St. Paul to Lock and Dam No. 10: During the next 48 there will be very little change in' the stages throughout this district with normal base flow at all tribu- taries. Janice Carter, young film tress whose eyes, 'her studio says, are "the sexiest in the world." signs an application to insure them for She may, or may not be granted the policy, but her press agent fig- ures the idea will be worth plenty or publicity. (A.P, Wire- photo.) Transfer of Inmates Not Provided for by Law, Burnquist Says St. Paul Attorney General Burnquist today held there Is no statute 'authorizing transfer by the director of public institutions of inmates of the state training schoo for boys at Wing or the home school for girls at Sauk Centre to a state hospital for confinement as insane persons if they develop mental Illnesses. If commitment Is advisable, Burn- quest said, proceedings must be in- stituted for commitment as insane "It is the duty of the director to provide such needed care as is ad- visable for those committed to state training the attorney gen- eral said. Marshall Reaches Rio for Conference By Philip Clarke de S. Rio Sec- retary of State George C. Marshall andcd today at the Ponta Do Ca- cao military air base for tomorrow's opening of the Inter-American con- erencu on hemisphere defense. Delegates eagerly awaited his re- nciion to an Argentine proposal to nclude economic matters in the alks. A pair of big question hang over the coining deliberations. The first concerns the reaction of Congress to plugging Europe's leaking economic dikes with, more dollars, the second just what plan will emerge from the current Paris conference on Secretary of State Marshall's plan for a mutual self help program. With Prime Minister AtUee's La- bor government holding "crisis- powers over Britain's labor and industry, the British loan delega- tion is reported to be eager to get a Quick commitment on the scope of any new American economic stability program abroad Under Sccretajy of State Robert Lovett told a news conference yes- terday there has been no request for movement of American troops now stationed in Europe to Greece. This would indicate an agreement on the part of Britain to keep th< Tommies now stationed in Greece on duty there. It would not. at the same time, rule out the pos- sibility of Britain's seeking a sharp cut in her occupation forces in Germany, Assails ConRTess In blunt language. President Tru- man accused Congress today of tearing up the Labor department. That was one of the accomplish- ments of Congress, he said. Quickly then, Mr. Truman added that he lias no doubt the Labor department will be rebuilt event- it can't be permanently torn up. Congress made appropriations cuts which Labor department offi- cials have declared will mean a. cut of one-third to one-half in the department's payroll. As a result of these cuts, officials say, the division labor standards will be abolished and operations of other divisions reduced. The labor standards division has been making studies dealing with safety and other industrial matters. Also, the T.ift-Hartley labor law took the U. S. conciliation sen-ice (which seeks to settle strikes and labor disputes) from the Labor de- portment and mndc it an inde- pendent agency. Mr. Truman gave his appraisal of what Congress did to the de- partment after a reporter asked him about the future of various labor agencies. Hopeful of Peace The President said that he still is hopeful of the permanent world peace which he regrets has not yet been secured. Speaking on the second anni- versary of VJ-day, Mr. Truman said he had anticipated when he an- nounced the surrender of Japan two years ago that the peace would have been securely established by this time. He said he regrets to say that it lias not. But he has not abandoned his belief, he added, that the nations will eventually accomplish a peace :or the benefit of all the peoples of the world. The President said he has never iod any doubt about the wisdom of dropping atomic bombs on Jap- anese cities since he figures it saved ihe lives of American boys. President Truman said he would Continued on Page 3, Column 2) TRUMAX ;