Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 12, 1953, Winona, Minnesota
Fair Tonighf And Thursday, Cooler Tonight Chiefs at Albert Lea Tonight at 8 KWNO AM-FM ITOLUME 53, NO. 149 SIX CENTS PER COPY "WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 12, 1953 TWENTY PAGES Sportsmen Asked About Duck Date ST. PAUL UP) The Minnesota Conservation Department to- day was sounding out the sentiment of state sportsman organizations before selecting an opening date for the 1953 duck season. Under federal regulations the state can open the season on Oct. 1, which falls on a Thursday. The Conservation Department is trying to learn whether there is strong sentiment for opening the season the following Saturday, Oct. 3. Regardless of what date is chos- en, hunting on the opening day can- not start before noon. Monday is the deadline for the opening date decision, said Ches- ter S. Wilson, state conservation commissioner. Two Fugitives, Eugene Juelich of St. Paul, left, and Lewis Woodward Larson, raised their hands as they surrendered meekly after being flushed from a ditch near Adairsville, Ga., by -Na- tional Guardsmen who surrounded them. They were the object of a 4-day manhunt after killing a U.S. deputy marshal and grab- bing a guard as hostage. The deputy had 13 children. (AP Wire- phots to The Republican-Herald) St. Paul Gunman Caught in Georgia '54 Corn Crop Faces Federal Output Controls Voluntary Acreage Planting Allotments Would Be Assigned By OVID A. MARTIN WASHINGTON year's corn crop faces federal production controls, but they may be limited to voluntary acreage planting allotments. An Agriculture Department crop report Tuesday forecast this year's corn crop at a level which would put the supply of this livestock feed grain in a surplus level. In general, the big- gest U. S. crops since 1948 were foreseen. Secretary Benson, in comment- ing on the corn estimate, said it was his feeling that controls of some kind would be necessary. He already has invoked rigid market- ing quotas on the 1954 wheat crop, subject to a vote by the growers, and fprecasts of this year's cotton crop indicate they may be neces- sary for the fiber crop next year. Benson did not rule out the i possibility of quotas on corn next j year, but Department officials who j Strikes Spread In France With No End in Sight PARIS UP) France's growing general strike pushed the nation deeper and deeper into chaos to- day with no end in sight, but multi- millionaire Premier Joseph Laniel stuck by his. economy guns. Furious at the government's plans to balance its budget by trimming payrolls and upping the administer grain programs said retirement age for civil servants, crop would have to reach. Hold! ng POWs Truce Violation more than a million railwaymen, around bushels to miners and government workers I make quotas necessary. The quota kept up their indefinite walkout, level is determined under a formu- Ratoads, ADAIRSVILLE, Northwest Georgia 4-day manhunt through the rugged hills ended today when two fugitive killers of U. S. deputy marshal surrendered meekly before the guns of a National Guard squad. With them in the woods when they were captured was a guard TODAY U.S. Awaits Red Test of H-Bomb whom they'd seized as a hostage after the killing last Saturday. He was unharmed. Although the men were armed there were no shots fired and the surrender came quietly when a squad of National Guardsmen mines, public utili- ties, government services, posts, telephone and telegraphs were all paralyzed or hit hard. The Socialist Workers Force (FO) called on white collar dentists, lawyers and office join the strikers for 24 hours tomorrow. Paris subways and buses halted late last night for 24 hours. Disgusted tourists fled the strike- bound country. With trains and buses halted, every outgoing plane was jammed. Shipping lines scur- ried for special buses to take their passengers to channel ports, and Express and to collect arrivals. The American came on the trio a woods on I Cook's travel agency were be- the Bramlett farm only about! sieged with travel applicants, all the Bramlett farm" only about'sieged three-quarters of a mile from the wanting out. Many vacationers point where the slain marshal's I were running out of money; the car was abandoned last Saturday. communications strike kept them The prisoners are Herbert from getting more from home. Eugene Juelich, 25, of St. Paul, I Minn., and Lewis Woodward Lar- son, 31, of Butte, Mont, With them By JOSEPH ALSOP was George Hightower of Nash- right waylville, Tenn., who was deputized as I a special guard and went with Sam to understand Geotgi Vaughlli a dcputy LT s Marshal) claim to know the secret of Jueljch and Larson were hydrogen bomb, is as part of a j started from Nashville to Atlanta's much larger whole. Even a Soviet federal penitentiary to start serv- v _nf hp a in? 5-year auto theft sentences, hydrogen bomb would not be a danger to this country, ail b> 11- Vaughn was shot with his own self. But it is a very great danger pistol and his body dumped from indeed, as one part in a gigantic car Saturday afternoon. Hold- machine of Soviet power which is; ;ng Hightower captive, the pair 17 Seriously Sick Ex-POWs Arrive in U.S. TRAVIS AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. were smiles and tears today as 17 seriously ill Americans released by the Com- munists in Korea came home aboard a big military transport plane. cording to reliable report, at any j and days in the open. The 16 Army and one Marine rate, no sign of an explosion has; Thev said been j veterans of the Korean War all yet been picked up by the Amen- j ]argeiy on corn and berries. I came off the C54 on litters after can long range detection system. The capture was made by a! their arrival from an overnight now nearing completion. sped awjy in the automobile but As to the specific problem of the j soon abandoned it and took to the bomb, it now seems to be fairly i Woods. well established that no Soviet testj When found, all three seemed in explosion has occurred as yet. Ac- j goocj physical condition despite What is now expected, therefore, is a Soviet repetition of our own Eniwetok test of 1951. Before very long, if the forecasters are cor- squad of Co. E of the 122nd Na-1 stay m Honolulu. tional Guard Regiment from Rome, i The men were carried aboard Ga., under command of Lt. John I a waiting ambulance for transfer F. Yarbrough. to the base hospital here. Maj. reel, they will try out a weapon! The FBI custody of the Thomas Barbour, base PIO, said like the chief bomb of our 1351 j men at once and for the the men will be sent to hospitals Eniwetok series. This bomb had ai Bartow County Jail at Carters-1 near their homes. power of more than 200 Ga xo planeside interviews were t 'permitted. Parents of only two of the re- more than the explosive force of tons of it con. Guard units numbering a b o u t 150 men were called into. the j la in farm law, using production supply, and prospective demand statistics available next Nov. 15. Thus a 70 million bushel improve- ment in prospects in the next three months would bring the rigid rules into force, if the growers agreed to them. The grain officials said it was virtually certain that acreage al- lotments would have to be applied to corn. Allotments give each farmer in a commercial corn pro- ducing area a planting share. Farmers would be free to abide by or ignore the allotments. However, only those abiding by them would be eligible for corn price supports. Quotas are more rigid in their effect. Under them farmers would be free to sell or use only that portion of corn grown on their acreage allotments. Com grown on excess acres would be subject to a penalty tax equal to 45 per cent of the parity price of corn. Parity is a price designed to be fair to farmers in relation to prices they pay. Marketing quotas would have to be approved by at least two-thirds of the growers voting in a referen- dum. I Wheat farmers will vote Friday I on quotas for their crop. Benson has until mid-October to announce quotas for cotton. Quotas have never been invoked on corn, but have been applied in the past on cotton and wheat. They are in effect this year on major types of tobacco and peanuts. There have been acreage allot- ments for corn, however. Gas From Closed Coal Mine Kills 3 Iowa Youths CENTERVILLE, la. Deadly gas in a closed coal mine claimed Charred And Twisted Furniture was amid the wreckage of a suburban Jacques Cartier, Que., frame dwelling struck Tuesday night by a crippled RCAF CF100 fighter. The plane's two crew mem- bers and seven other persons died in the disaster. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) By FORREST EDWARDS PANMUNJOM hundred hale and Plane Crashes Into Quebec Houses, 9 Die VILLE JACQUES CARTIER, Que. Canadian Air Force jet fighter crashed into two homes last night, killing five children and two women in the houses and the two airmen in the plane. The charred bodies were taken to the morgue in Montreal, just across the St. Lawrence River from here. The civilians were all able- tified as: Thursday's swap, the Mrs. _ Marcel Bourassa, 30; smce tne exchange started. 100 More American Prisoners Released happy Americans streamed through the Bamboo Curtain at Panmunjom today to start the second dramatic week of Korean War prisoner exchange. But their South Korean comrades again came home in wretched shape. Pitiful living skeletons were passed tenderly from. Com- munist ambulances to litters car- ried by Allied soldiers. Four hundred in all got their freedom during the day: 100 Amer- icans, 25 British, 25 Turks, 250 South Koreans. The Communists promised to hand over 75 Americans, 75 British tained a small quantity of the senrch Tuesday night" patriates were waiting when the the lives of three 14-year-old boy heavy hydrogen _ mixture _which j of ,00 and mQ'e Ffil plane at a. m. forms the core of a true hydrogen pntrolmcn and county officers hadia. m. bomb. failed to find the men. The search- First to be carried from the Double Purpose Our Eniwetok tests had a double experiment with one of the very powerful atomic bombs that are needed as triggers for i ers included three of Hightower's Radio Stations Radio stations at Nashville, At- lanta and other nlnces Tuesday hydrogen bombs, and to gain data broadcast a plea bv and Mrs. on the hydrogen fusion reaction..' was Marine Pfc. Alfred P. Graham Jr. The two litter carriers paused to let Graham reach up and em- brace his mother and father, Mr. A similar Malenkov's boast. It is in order Alfred Arlington, Va. P. Graham of for the Soviets, whose biggest! immediately determined Both parents smothered whether onb' son with kisses. their explorers here Tuesday. The victims were Carl Hobart, Charles Dunham, and Mickey Coulter. The three boys were inseparable pals and Mickey was an Explorer Boy Scout. They left home in the morning and mentioned they planned to explore a cave. organized when return, A search was they failed to Mrs. Frances Hudelson of Battle Mickey's father, Craig, was in Mountain, Nev., broke down as she a trio which found his body just his! saw her son. Army Cpl. Richard 10 feet from the entrance to the i the fugitives heard this tearful eighty kilotons. And such a test! will not delay the Soviet over-all toe field'bv C Davis, who was next off the P1RM- produce large quantities of tritium, i FBI offlce at Atlanta- was that toe fantastically costly very heavy hydrogen that is the most import- ant component of a true hydrogen bomb. If this is the sort of thin Larson and Hightower named Mal- enkov was talking about, there is no reason to adjust past estimates of the Soviet atomic progress, which placed the beginning of the time of real danger toward the end of next year. Unfortunately, however, there are excellent rea- Shamrock Slope mine which was I closed for the summer. a 54-year-old father of 13 children. Juelich told officers he didn't re- member what had happened. They told agents they had been i in the hickory thicket where they were captured continuously after fleeing to it immediately after abandoning the car. They had planned to make a break for it Sunday and again sons to adjust past estimates of a Monday but were kept under cover related Soviet thc searching planes which of the Soviet Army, which Long Range Air' were cruising over the area, gives meaning to i Soviet atomic power. In brief, it is now confirmed that (Continued on Page 11, Column 5) ALSOPS 7 Allied Soldiers Killed Since Truce SEOUL 8th Army said today seven Allied soldiers have been killed and 38 wounded since the armistice. All were clearing mine fields or moving stores of ammunition. There was no indication whether any or all of the casualties were Americans, 4 Navy Airmen Die In Takeoff Crash WEST'OVER AIR FORCE BASE, Mass, (.71 Navy men died today in the takeoff crash of a R6D Douglas Liftmaster of Naval Air Transport Squadron 6 assigned to Westover Air Force Base. Base officials said there may have been a fifth person aboard. There were no survivors. Cause of the crash was not known immediately. Names of those aboard were withheld pending notification of rel- atives. Pfc. Alfred Graham Jr. greeted his mother on his arrival at Travis Air Force Base, Calif. He was the first to leave the first planeload of POWs to arrive in the United States. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) two children, Michel, 6, and Gin- ette, 2, and her mother, Mrs, Emil- ien Fournier, 57. They were in Mrs, Founder's house. Pierre, Colette and Normand La- years, 4 years and 2 months old, respectively. They were the children of Mr. and Mrs. Omer La- voie, residents of the other house which the plane hit. The Air Force withheld the names of the plane's crew. Mrs. Fournier's husband Emilien and their two other daughters, Si- mone, 32, and Denise, IS, were treated at a Montreal hospital for shock. They were not in the house at the time. Bourassa and her children had arrived to visit her mother only a few minutes before the crash. Witnesses said the pilot of the plane, a CF100N all-weather fight- er, tried to clear the two houses but could not reach an open field beyond. Dulles Accepts Malenkov's Claim Wiih Skepticism WASHINGTON W Secretary of State Dulles said today he accepts with some skepticism Rus- sian Premier Malenkov's implied claim that Russia has mastered production of the hydrogen bomb. Malenkov said last week-end that the United States no longer has a monopoly on H-bomb apparently meaning the Soviet Union knows the secret, too. Dulles told a news conference the United States has no independ- ent evidence that Russia has the super-powerful bomb. Specifically, he said, American authorities have not detected evi- dence of a hydrogen bomb explo- sion within the Soviet Union, either before or after Malenkov's surprise assertion Saturday. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair to- night and Thursday, cooler to- night. Low tonight 56, high Thurs- day 82. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 82; minimum, 62; noon, 82; precipitation, .28; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 81 at noon, min. 60 at a.m. today, noon readings- sky clear, visibility 15 miles, wind nine miles per hour from west, barometer 30.10 58 per cent. rising, humidity This will boost the number of Americans liberated to 823 of the Reds said they held. A big transport carrying the first Search for Airmen In Crash Abandoned LONDON search for survivors of the 10-engine U. S. Air Force atom bomber which plunged into the sea west of Ire- land last Wednesday has been abandoned, the Air Force announc- ed today. Four airmen were rescued, five bodies were recovered, and 14 of the freed prisoners lands at j other memDers Of the 'crew are Travis Air Force Base near San Francisco today. Fourteen serious- ly ill former prisoners and three neuro-psychiatric cases were re- ported aboard. En Route Home After transfer to Letterman Army Hospital in San Francisco, the men will be moved to hospi- tals nearest their homes or best suited to handle their ailments. And 328 healthy ex-POWs were en route home aboard the trans- port General Walker, which left Korea Tuesday for the two-week journey. Another 60 liberated Americans, classed as sick and wounded, were aboard the hospital ship Haven in Inchon harbor on Korea's west coast. The Haven's departure date has not been announced. The Reds were 2 hours and 25 minutes late in making the last delivery Wednesday of 25 Ameri- cans and 25 British. It was the first flaw in an otherwise smooth operation. The Communists said the reason for the delay was that they had been unable to get men from Camp 1 at Changsong to the Kaesong col- lecting center just north of Pan- munjom in time to meet the de- livery schedule. Americans is the last batch de- livered Wednesday were from the Changsong camp. All previous Allied repatriates (Continued on Page 10, Column 4) KOREA Mystery Surrounds Kidnaping, Freeing Of Stanton Boy, 9 STANTON. Minn. UP) Goodhue County authorities today sought to solve the mystery surrounding the Tuesday kidnaping of David Muel- ler, 9, who was freed, unharmed, 90 minutes after a motorist had abducted him. David, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Hugo Mueller of Stanton, was playing with a group of boys when a car pulled up. A man grabbed the boy around the neck and pul- led him into the auto. The driver forced David to lie in the back seat while he drove, apparently aimlessly, about back roads for an hour and a half. The lad said the man twice threatened to kill him. He was finally pushed from the machine in about the same place where he was picked up. Officers searched in vain for the car described by the boy, believed to have been a 1947 green Buick. now presumed to have been lost at sea. Rhee Opposes fi" lif'lL Coalition With Reds in Korea SEOUL Rhee today declared South Korea will never agree to a coalition government with Communists in the North as a means of unifying Korea. The fiery South Korean President said in an interview: "Under no circumstances will I even listen to the suggestion of coalition with the Communists." At the same time, Rhee reiter- ated that South Korea will go itim_______ alone if the impending Korean po-1 Korean search "oTlegal litical conference fails within 90 ammunition to reinforce his stand. Reds Warned Prisoners Must Be Returned Dulles Orders Legal Study Of Situation WASHINGTON of State Dulles warned the Commu- nists today the United Nations will withhold "to the last" Red war prisoners charged with or convict- ed of make sure Reds return U.N. prisoners in same category. In a prepared statement Dullei also declared any Communist plan to withhold American prisoners guilty of so-called crimes would violate the Korean armistice agree- ment. The secretary of state handed out the statement at his first for- mal question-and-answer session since his return from Korea. He already had ordered his legal aides to study the international as.- pect of the prisoner could snarl the Korean truce. Dulles said the "have a bad record in this mat- ter" of holding back war prisoners, adding there is ample evidence they kept hundreds of of German and Japanese prison- ers after World War II. Some Sentenced Reports by returning American prisoners which tell of prison sen- tences given some American POWf he said, have not yet been officially evaluated. But he said these charges pro- vide reason for "suspicion and Dulles went on to say: "The United Nations Command! hold a substantial number of Com- munist prisoners of war who hava committed crimes and I under- stand that it is the intention of the United Nations Command to withhold the return of these pris- oners of war to the last so that we shall first know whether or not the Communists intend to withhold the return of any condemned by them to sentences. "I repeat that for the Cqmmu- nists to do this would be considered by us to be a violation of the ar- mistice terms. Until, however, it is clear that there is agreement that the armistice' is being applied in the same way by both of us, we should not adopt one construc- tion while the Communists adopt another." Study Ordered Later, answering questions, Dul- les said the Communists might claim they have a right to with- hold some POWs under the provi- sions of the Geneva Convention. The American position, he said, is that the truce agreement takes pre- cedence over the Geneva regula- tions. Dulles ordered his legal aides to study the international aspect of the could snarl the days to solve the explosive prob- lem of unification. Informants said the legal experts carefully weighed the Korean truce "We shall do anything we can i agreement and the Geneva Con- possibly do to restore the unifica-1 vention, which lays down inter- tinn of our countrv." the 78-vear- nsfirmsi nf tion of our the 78-year old patriot said, adding: "And we shall act whether friendly nations help us or not." Rhee said he felt "nothing will be accomplished" at the peace conference, scheduled to begin by Oct. 27. "Since he said, "Ameri- cans have tried a hundred ways to come to agreement with the Communists. They have talked for two years just to stop the fighting." The U. N. General Assembly will meet this week to select the site and makeup of the conference. Cey- lon was named as a possible site. "I cannot approve of Rhee said, because of its closeness to India, a nation he has labeled pro-Communist, and because British influence in the island. Campaign Started For Nordbye on 8th Circuit Court MINNEAPOLIS Members of the Minnesota State Bar Asso- ciation have started a campaign to have Federal District Judge Gunnar Nordbye' appointed to the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals. The circuit court vacancy exists because of the death July 31 of Judge Walter G. Riddick, 69, Little Rock, Ark. The Eighth Circuit Court district includes Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa, Nebraska, Arkansas, and Missouri. national rules for handling of war prisoners. They said it was tenta- tively decided that both documents would be violated if the Reds held onto the prisoners convicted of crimes. These informants conceded that, in looking over the Geneva war prisoner provisions, they found the Communists could legally insist up- on completion of sentences meted U, N, prisoners while under cap- tivity. But, they said, in such cases the country holding the prisoners must notify their government and iden- tify them, The Communists have made no move to inform the U. N. Com- mand of any such detention plan and, accordingly, could be charged with violating the Geneva pact. Overriding the Geneva Conven- tion, however, is the detailed truce agreement signed with the U. N, by both the North Korean and Communist Chinese representa- This agreement makes no men- tion of the right to hold onto pris- oners convicted of crime. It.speci- fies that all prisoners are to be freed. State Families Get Million Benefits NEW YORK W) Minnesota families received in death benefits from policies in the first six months of this year, the Institute of Life Insur- ance reported today.