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View Sample Pages : Winona Republican Herald, August 11, 1950

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 11, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Unseasonably Coo! Tonight, Saturday Baseball Saturday p. m. KWNO-FM VOLUME so, NO. 149 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, AUGUST 11, 1950 SIXTEEN PAGES RESERVE OFFICERS CALLED TODAY- Alsop Has Answer for McCarthy i By Stewart Alsop Washington Senator Joe Mc- Carthy has now discovered yet an- other nest of potential traitors. The: identity of the inhabitants o! this1 newest nest will perhaps surprise' even the most casual readers of, the reports appearing in this, space. For the newly discovered servants of the Kremlin are none other than this reporter and his partner. I This startling revelation was contained in a letter to the editors of "The Saturday Evening which Senator McCarthy read on the Senate floor last Tuesday. Re- ferring to" a recent "Post" article: by these reporters. McCarthy an-; nounced; "this article is almost! 100 per cenlj in line with the offi-; clal instructions issued to all Com-j munist and fcllow-traveiing mem- bers of the press by Gus Hall, Na- tional Secretary of the Communist party." No doubt a full confession might as well be made. Before the linx-eyed McCarthy spotted the connection, the secret liai- son between this column and Mr. Hall had seemed well-cam- ouflaged. Mr. Hall's favorite newspaper, "The Daily Work- had co-operated nobly. But the facts that these re- porters are regularly referred to as "Fascist "lackeys of Wall and even "prcsstitutes" in "Daily Worker" circles did not fool Senator McCarthy. Even the active co-operation of the highest Kremlin circles was not, sufficient protec- tion. When Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Vyshinsky went out of his way a few months ago, to describe these 'reporters in a most unkindly fashion as "bandits of the pen" and "congenital this seemed to offer some security ev- en from the astute McCarthy. But no, McCarthy, armed with his new doctrine of "special dispensation." according io which one is exempt from suspicion, wasj not to be fooled. The fact is that in other times- say -in the McCarthy, so inexpert a dema- gogue that he is constantly falling flat on his face, might have sup- plied some welcome comedy relief. But because of the times, and thej Reds Push Into Pohang, Supply Port for Yanks Americans Battle To Retain Airport Near City By Russell Brines Tokyo, troops last night seized the important port oJ Pohahg on the east coast and fought virtually to the edge of the U. S. air base to the southeast. The Eighth Army, announcing the Republicans apparently were Higher Income Taxes Slated To Begin Oct. 1 Salary Withholding Rate Will Jump To 18 Per Cent A D Army Issues Austin blames u._iL Fo 71-Month ar m Korea Service Edict By Francis M. Le May ffall of Pohang, said the city was to team up today to ram [flames as Americans withdrew through the Senate finance commit- a savage night battle. Pohang is a boost in person- By A. I. Goldberg Lake Sir Gladwyu Jebb was slated to pick up the oratorical ball today in Western attempts to counter the Russian-im- posed stalemate on security council consideration of the Korean question. With the West unable to persuade Russian President Jakob A. Malik in both private and public meetings yesterday to lift his blockade, the council went into the second meet- ing of a campaign to out-talk Malik. Jebb headed the speaker's list for today. The word war was open- yesterday by U. S. Delegate! Warren Austin with a 3.000-word, i gioves-off attack. It likened the October 6 Set As Deadline For Active Duty miles north of the main U. S. sup- Iply port of Pusan, Small U. S. forces battled in the Russian-backed North Korean gov-i ernment to a i'zombie govern-j ment" and blamed the Soviet j Bridges Called Enemy Agent i al incoraa taxes. It means Uncle Sam may begin gov- Washington Army an- I nounced today that it is calling up to active duty whether they like it or not reserve cap- tains and lieutenants who are not assigned to units of the Organized Reserve Corps. The officers, all men, will be on early morning darkness to save the digging deeper into the pockets of air field, which is on a spot about [over taxpayers on Octo- six miles southeast of Pohang. i. U. S. tanks and more infantry were rushing up to the rescue of the air field. At the other extreme of the Allied batteline, the Eighth army reported North Korean troops were abandoning their Chinju base .Union for the North Koreans' at-1 San Francisco -W- The _ _ on the U N-sponsored Soulh'ernment Harry Bndgesiactive duty by October 6, the Ar- :_._'_ (should be kept in jai! because the my said. They are being ordered Co-can regime. Malik announced would answer Austin's biting j vpsiprdav free speech doesn't "pro- _ Jn Hme Q{ ou ans charges at length. He was expect- armed conflict.. ed to wind i'0 today's meeting with And the armed forces today took The increases may be as give it wide cir-lsteps to subject to loyalty checks as 20 per cent for many _' without an immediate jail members of Bridges C.I.O. The committee yesterday proved unanimously a 000 annual boost in corporation _ I answer during the weekend re- Longshore Union who work on Ar near the south coast before raising the top levy on cor Allied offensive that began Sun-jporale income from 38 per cent to day effective as of July 1, 1950. The Dark Arrows Show the main North Korean threats along the Korean battle line. Red artillery (1) is reported south of Yongsan on the road to Masah. Invading troops (2) fought at close quarters with defending troops in Pohang., Trapped North Koreans were bat- tling American forces in a slowed down drive toward Chinju in the south. Northwest of Waegwan, Red, forces were building up west of the river for a push, on Taegu. On the northern part of the battle line, South Koreans hurled back an assault. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) In the letter which he read on the Senate floor, for exam- ple. Senator McCarthy waxed indignant at these reporters, not only for obeying the in- structions of Mr. Hall, but al- so for describing as "nauseat- ing" (a rather mild adjective under Ihe circumstances) his o w n and Senator Kenneth Wherry's abortive attempt to elevate the subject of sexual perversion into a serious politi- cal issue. 4 in S. D. Drown House Approves As Boat Upsets powers For President Brookings, S. D. OP) A Brook- and niece drowned last night in a boating accident in nearby Lake Campbell. A fifth member of the party survived. The dead were Carl Reports of the Reds' Chinju pull- back came as the U. S, 35th regi- mental combat team occupied high ground immediately east of the ci- ty Friday afternoon. The 8th Army communique re- leased in mid-evening Friday said this "successfully completed" the 35th's "phase of the first major U. N. counter-offensive in the Ko- rean War." On the extreme southern' flank of the offensive, the 5th Marine regiment occupied the town of Ko- song "against strong enemy resist- j higher rates thus would apply to one-half of 1950 corporate income. New individual and corporate in- ccme levies, along with plugging of tax law loopholes, are the ma- jor items in President Truman's first installment tax increase to help pay for the Ko- rean war and American's arma- TJse Kuss Tanks Austin charged that the my and Navy docks. Government arguments placed before the U. S. ed sooner. The Army said simultaneously that it will recall involuntarily J.582 male officers of (he active and inactive medical, dental, vcterin- ary and medical service corps. were Medical Corps Ranks .tiiaucu uCiuIC me w. circuit This call-up will affect officers of yesterday. to the grade of major in the .--------lUUUTu ui appeals yesLeiUtty. .iiiCjUK ui JJJijjui jji uje Koreans were using Russian-made jcourt js weighing several motionslmedical and medical service corps, tanks and guns. Malik, replyingjby Bridges' attorneys to free colonel in the dental briefly, acknowledged the Soviet'on corps and major in the veterinary Union had furnished supplies to I He was on bail after his perjury corps, the North Koreans but asserted (conviction last April until Saturday) The company grade officers be- these were all sold to them Federal Judge George B.jing recalled include captains fore Russian occupation t r o o p SjHarris at the government's re-iand lieutenants in 16 arms withdrew from Korea in 1948. [quest revoked the bail and services. They will come from Malik termed Austin's chargesjbeled him a menace to the secur-jall parts of the country. 'slanderous statements and of the U. S. Malik also said that other The conviction is awaiting ment against Communist aggres-lgates had failed to shake before the appeals court. views in a closed meeting thatj (preceded the open session. slon. Nonobjections Meanwhile, Mr. Truman let it be known that if Congress wants to tack on, extra, a multi-billion dol- ance." Marine patrols had moved I'ar excess profits tax aimed at into the town Thursday. i profiteering-, he will not object. But inland on the central front, Senator O'Mahoney (D.-Wyo.) the Communists put thousands of said he is ready to make a Sen- troops over the Naktong river. I ate floor fight for a They were reported building up'jexcess profits levy. This would be four or five divisions addition to the increase Jn the men for a new blow aim-1 normal corporation tax rates, ed at Taegu if they can keep cross-) O'Mahoney said the new 45 per ing the river in strength. jcent corporate rate would not Most of the crossings have been I stop inflation. by night. Point-blank fighting But the President advised Con- teethed Inisress it would be better to take up this highly controversial subject in November when the lawmakers get over their election jitters. Eventually there will be an excess profits levy, the President said. By Marvin L. Arrowsmith Washington A sweeping 32; his son Gaylord, ten; a grant of authority Jelene Beckman, eight; and a President Truman to invoke phew. Robert Beckman. nine. controls mov- lene and Robert were the children Jed today to the Senate, where Dem- __ __ of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Beckman, ocratic leaders predicted defeat division made its dry-foot _ _. _____ efforts by some Republicans toi ._ _ _ _. the extreme south between Amer- ican forces and North Koreans they trapped in the slowed-down Allied offensive on Chinju. An American general staff offi- cer called the Reds' -Naktong riv- er buildup the greatest massed concentration per mile on the whole 140-mile battle perimeter. A tough Red spearhead won its way into Pohang after a daylong battle, But at nightfall Friday Allied forces clung onto their half of the port. It is the No. 2 United Na- tions supply funnel on the east coast and is 55 miles north of Pu- san, the No. 1 base. The threatened airfield _ miles southeast of Pohang on that Later he said flatly, to a protest! by the U. S. and Cuba, that he would not rule on the right of thej South Korean representative to sit in the meeting. His statement left the council still in the procedural tangle which has blocked further decisive action on the Korean question since he became council president August 1, Austin assailed the North Korean government as an instrument of Russian imperialist designs and as nonrepresentalive of the Korean people. Full Blame on Russia. Crown Prince Takes Over Belgium Rule Brussels, Belgium Crown Prince Baudouin today became ruler of all the Belgians in the This was the first Army call-up re- of individual officers who are not members of the Organized Re- I serve. A week ago it. announced I the recall to active duty of Reserve enlisted, men. to report in [September and October. The Army did not say so, but (presumably tie officers being call- led up will help to fill the officer i complements of National Guard and Organized Reserve units be- jing summoned to activ'e duty. I The quota for the Fifth Army (Illinois, Indians, Michigan, Wis- Iconsin, Missouri, Iowa, Minnesota, iNorth Dakota, South Dakota, Ne- braska, Kansas, Colorado and. Wyo- To call them representative of i place of his father, King Leopold service officers mlng Is 384 captains, lieu- tenants, 133 medical, eight veterinary 97 dental, 73 medical the Korean people, he declared. III. "must be only a tragic witticism He took the oath as prince roya when addressed to those who know how quickly nationalism, patriot- Finance Chairman George (D.-jism and independence m other Ga.) told newsmen the countries have been crushed to 000 tax bill will pass without thej produce subservient puppet gov- excess profits amendment, orleraments zombie governments there will be no bill. He said he that breathe and speak and act, is not against such a tax as anibut have no soul." emergency measure, but it needs; Austin told Malik, slowly and study before Congress acts. May Yield 1 emphatically: "I am sure the distinguished j thinks the expansion of business is the new armament effort will on tllat higher tax rates coastal spur that sticks out into I Proposed by Mr. Truman will yield These figures are on the basis of representative of the Soviet Un- the level of the economy prior to lion will agree that it must have the Korean war. Senator George [taken many months to train the the Sea of Japan. Pohang was the scene of the first in Wessington Springs farm couple. j Mrs. Houghlund and Mrs. Beck- man are sisters. efforts whittle by somi it down. Administration leaders expressed! confidence that the Senate next week will (Continued on Page 9, Column I.) KOREA were still in will pass substantially the, same kind of home front i that ninety suspected perverts hadjprogress this morning in an bju thg House did yesterday lllll ACIfC been discharged from the Stateito recover the bodies. ;a rousing 383 to 12 vote. JVIIUI vlllll Department. According to Messrs.] survivor> Larry Dyball, The House bill would give Mr.) Wherry and McCarthy, this proved: imablp to eive ajTruman a free hand to put that the State Department was unable to a, rationlng ,nto ef_ not only towards account of the accident. ;fect whenever he saw fit. The Pres- nism, but also toward sexual per-! Witnesses on shore gave officers ident dld not ast for those anti. version. conflicting reports but seemed to tofl b t h said over a year instead of Here is what the President pro- posed for individuals: 1. The withholding rate o n wages and salaries, in excess of personal exemptions, would jump October 1 from 15 per cent to 18 per cent. 2. The higher tax rates would be applicable to one-fourth of 1950 in- If this charge taken at face conflictmg reports but seemed _ that the powerful peed bc to get lhem witnout verts out of, more than 20.000 em- ployes. West to Set Up Unified Army drivers and gunners who are now massacring their fellow country- men and defying the United Na- tions" in a long-planned invasion. Russia, Austin said, has the pow- er to call off the North Korean in- vaders and stop the bombing and blof.dshed. Instead, he charged, Russia is supporting the North Ko- rean regime in the security coun- cil and is the only great power refusing to denounce the North Ko- rean aggression. "One has only ask whose planes, whose tanks and whose come, yielding the Treasury have made it possible for in Parliament, where s e v e r a; hours earlier the Senate and Chamber of Deputies in joint ses- sion had given final approval to the bill transferring Leopold's roya] powers to his 19-year-old son. The final vote was 349 in fav- or with eight abstentions. This was the final act in a royal drama that began with Leapold's banishment Jn 1945 for his action in surrendering to the invading German armies In World War EC. His supporters, the Social Chris- tians, waged a five-year struggle and brought him back last month. The anti-Leopold Socialists unleas- ed a series of strikes and demon- strations which brought Belgium to the brink of Civil war. An uneasy calms was restored August 1 when Leopold agreed to a slowmotion abdication under ;erms of which Baudouin would take over the actual powers today and become king in name also on his 21st birthday, September 7, 1351. Since then, however, rabid sup- porters of Leopold have staged Aye, Physical Requirements Officers in the general arms and services must meet age and phys- ical requirements. In the combat arms engineers, signal, infan- try, armored, field and coast artil- age limit for second lieu- tenants is 30, for first lieutenants 35, and for captains 41. In the services such branches as adjutant general, chemical, or- dnance, quartermaster, finance, security and intelligence the age limit for second lieutenants is 38, for first lieutenants 41 and for captains 45. Officers overage for combat arms may be ordered to active duty in the service tranches. All officers selected will be or- dered to the nearest Army post for physical tests, the Army said. If found physically fit, they will be given 21 days to wind up their private affairs unless they are willing to report sooner. The Army said it anticipates that one-third of toe total group will report by September 22 and another third by September 23. It said Army commanders, unless 1951. a year beginning ij.-iiue North Koreans to defy the U. scattered demonstrations on hisj otherwise ordered by'the depau.- Austin said. I behalf. Recently many Belgian ar- ment of the Army, will not call up. 1. Reserve medical officers who 3. The per person exemption and the income-splitting (between Malik's previous proposal for ajmy officers have privately ex cease fire and withdrawal of U.N. (pressed disappointment over the troops, Austin asserted, "w o u 1 husband and wife) provisions of send the U. N. police away and I Felice identified the bomb-throw- the present law would remain leave the bandits to plunder Korea iing officer as Major Deloze de changed. I at will." Corswaren. t... h. Djba" was a'ole man was accident. ington police, found guilty, and) fined, on charges of perversion.; This unpleasant episode is only L. worth mentioning because, by Me- Train Collision ployes on the public payroll Cnrthy is statistically I.OIHP twenty times as "soft" as the- State de- partment. It is also perhaps ivorth re- t-allinsr that McCarthy. habitually assumes such a hisrh moral tone, has himself been f i ,day, however, that the time for use "such all-out mobilization author-1 Strasbourg, France Win- ity was not yet in sight. jston Churchill today urged the im- The House bill also authorizes mediate creation of a Unified Eur- other economic controls which the opean army to shield the West President did request. 'against the Soviet Union. May Seize Plants i Britain's wartime prime miuis- Those include allocation of scarce iter formally introduced a motion [industrial materials, priority for the floor of the European con- ifense contracts, and authority assembly asking for such requisition materials and to army "subject to proper dem- privately owned plants, if control." ;essary. Churchill's motion said such a j The bill also would clear the way European force should act in full (for a government loan1 co-operation with the United States .program to spur defense Canada in support of the Unit-; ition. And it authorizes consumer !ed Nations security council. controls and real estate curbs! Churchill demanded the prompt! collided with a iMonh Western rail-ion new buiiding and major remod-icreation of "a real offensive front road passenger train at a crossingielmg starting alter Augus[ 3 !in Europe." just north House passsd its bill Sn0rtly "The United States and Britain! The impact caused derailment tne senate opened debate send large forces to the con-! ,w..e _. _f trams similar measure. A final Senatejtinent. and France must revive its -when the automobile he was his native state "srnilty of an infraction of the moral code." The fact is that McCarthy and all he stands for. his er.dlcss frauds most thoroughly expos- ed, would by now be no more than a rather stale and sour joke, if tiie times were differ- ent. Even now, in the light of what is happening in Korea (where this reporter's partner has just arrived at Ihe front) McCarthy's ungainly antics seem drearily unimportant. found by the Supreme Court of press car, but no passengers were in-jvote may come next Tuesday or: army Churchill declared, calling ijured. Kane, alone m the auto, wasiWednesday> the nations of the West to do i thrown 81 feet from the crossing. The Senate discussion had scarce- their share in protecting civiliza- The and passenger beeun Vhen Senator Taft 'switched to a.bypass and continued ;5hio) let fly with a sharp attack on; The wartime leader asserted) jto Minneapolis. itne senate-House provision the whole West is "in great! j igives the President discretion to im-jdanger" with the "freedom !pose wage-price-rationing controls.'civilization of Western Europe un Taft, Senate Republican policyjder the shadow of Soviet aggres- leader, shouted that Congress would sion." be "completely abdicating its au- The British leader ridiculed the five-cation Brussels treaty as com- pletely ineffective. "Committees have been set up .which have been talking ever i Other Republican members of he said. "Conferences iiive 'Senate banking unit talked of held with high officials and Bright scuttling of the wage-price- statesmen, A pretentious facade has WEATHER FORECASTS en such controls should be fr nn duernoon u Official observations for the 2- (rationing provisions so far as action Yet McCarthy still has his im- portance. These reporters are. as, it happens, peculiarly invulnerable! to the McCarthy brand of poison, j hours ending at 12 m. today: t_. t, j concerned partly because of the public nature, Maximum, 75: minimum, 58; of their record on political issues.174: precipitation. .05; sun sets to- vofed f or the committee -Dart from partly because a useful means iSjnight at sun rises tomorrow (Continued on 11, Column 2.) jto strike those provisions from thejtain, nothing has been done to pro. ALSOP Additional weather on page 12. Ibill. [tect our people." been displayed by the governments responsible for our safety. "But in actual he said. Firemen Battle a spectacular blaze which did extensive damage at the refinery of L. Sonneaborn Sons in Petrolia, Pa. A big storage tank of gasoline exploded and the fire spread quickly to 12 adjoin- ing tanks. One employe was hurt. (A.P. to The Republican-Herald.) have not completed a year's intcrne- 2 Reserve medical and denial of- ficers who are senior residents prior to completion of the current years training. 3 Reserve officers in. four corps taking full-time postgraduate courses, until completion of the current academic year. 4 Reserve officers in all four corps whose activity in teaching, research or other activities is neces- sary in the national interest. 5, Reserves in all four corps whose call-up would unduly jeopardize the health of communities in which they live. The Army said selection will be made, as 'far as possible, from among reserves of the medical and related corps with no previous mili- tary experience, followed by of- ficers with less than a year of active duty, and so on. Russians Occupy Oid Morgan Home Glen Cove, V. J. P. Morgan's old home is going western. The 57-room mansion now oc- cupied by nearly 80 Russians as a summer resort soon will be a lit- tle-bit of California on Long Island. The plan is to knock off the top story of the stately build- ing and remodel the lower floor into a California, ranch-style house. The city of Glen Cove holds the property lor back taxes but has had a hard time getting rid of zoned for only one-family use. As a stop-gap, it's been rented to the Russian U.N. delegates and their families until October 1. Even as a "ranch house, it won't be any basement bargain. Talk about a sale figure hovers about the mark. ;