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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 9, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Clearing, Cooler Tonight, Sunday Fair, Pleasant Chiefs vs. Albert Lea p. m. Sunday KWNO AM-FM VOLUME 52, NO. SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, AUGUST 9, 1952 FOURTEEN PAGES v Starting its journey, the dredge Louise heads east_____.......reaches the half-way point a Huff Street dike cut...........and joins her the Walter, in East Lake Winona. _ Al Loeske Photos TODAY Negroes Hold Key In Voting Jy JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON way both major parties are sniffing nerv- ously at the civil rights issue pro- vides the least edifying spectacle of this campaign. The candidates have got to decide soon just how badly they need the Negro vote, and just how far they will go to get it. President Truman himself has often said privately that the Ne- groes gave him the margin of victory in 1948, by voting for him in sufficient numbers to provide his slim majorities in Illinois, Ohio and California. According to the Negro leaders, Negroes feel even more deeply about the civil rights issue this year than in 1948, and more of them will go to the polls than ever before. There are more than in the key Northern states which could go either way, including more than half a mil- lion in New York, more than a third of- a million in Illinois and Pennsylvania, and well over 000 each in Ohio, Michigan, Cali- fornia and Maryland. Civil Rights Top Issue The way Dwight D. Eisenhower and Adlai E. Stevenson deal with the civil rights issue could obvi- ously determine the outcome of a close election. Eisenhower's pre- convention campaign manager, Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge, and his allies are trying to persuade Eis- enhower to reverse himself on the issue. Although Eisenhower has flatly said that he opposes com- pulsory Federal fair employment legislation, the Lodge group is willing to risk a public flipflop by their because they think it will pay off in November. Lodge and his allies are clearly much more wdrried than they were in the pre-convention period, when there was talk of an Eisen- hower sweep which would carry Southern Democratic states like Texas. An Eisenhower switch on civil rights would knock out his chance of winning Southern elec- toral votes. But Lodge now consid- ers it much more important for Eisenhower to have a solid chance to carry the key Northern indus- trial states, where the Negro vote is concentrated, rather than an outside chance of winning a scatterirfg of Southern states. Chance for GOP Moreover, the Lodge group is convinced that the Democratic nomination for vice president of Sen. John Sparkman of Alabama gives the Republicans a real oppor- tunity to recapture the bulk of the Negro vote. Since he was visited a few days ago by a Negro delega- tion, Eisenhower seems to be thinking of taking Lodge's advice. But "after what he has already said on the subject, it will not be easy for Eisenhower to reverse himself. Eisenhower's running mate, Sen. Richard Nixon, moreover, has repeatedly voted with the South- erners on civil rights issues. He has opposed cloture, and on the Senate's labor subcommittee which was considering the Hum- phrey-Ives fair employment bill, Nixon joined Sen. Lister Hill of Al- abama in opposing the bill. Thus, the Republican vice presidential candidate would have to do a pub- lic flipflop too. The curious fact is that Steven- son's problem is easier than Eis- enhower's, despite the presence of Sparkman on the ticket. For the time being, Stevenson has played down the civil rights issue. Mean- while, many Southern leaders, like Sen. -Richard Russell of Geor- gia Sen A. Willis Robertson of Virginia, Gov. Hugh.L. White of Mississippi, and the last into the fold, Gov. James F. Byrnes of South Carolina, are declaring for Stevenson. Stevenson electors will appear on the ballots in these and other Southern states. Task for Stevenson With the South thus tidied up, Stevenson will then be in a posi- tion to make a speech firmly fav- oring' Federal civil rights legisla- (Continued on Page 12, Column 2.) 1 ALSOPS Lake Dredging Project Finished The noise of machinery on Lake Winona has stopped, the dredges have moved into the east section of the lake their two-year job completed. It marks the end of one phase of a tremendous lake and park im- provement project undertaken by the city of Winona at an estimated total cost of During the two-year dredging period, cubic yards of material have been excavated from the lake. The entire western body of water has been dredged to a minimum depth of feet, according to City Engineer W. 0. Cribbs, with a deep area running the entire length of the lake on the north side. In some spots the lake is now 28 to 30 feet Duluth to Vote On City Income Tax on Sept. 9 DULUTH, Minn. vot- ers will ballot Sept. 9 on a char- ter change which would authorize a municipal income tax. The special election was set by the council to coincide with the Minnesota primary. The tax proposal would provide for a levy of not less than one-half of one per cent nor more than one per cent on all income earned by individuals and businesses for work and services performed in the city. Proceeds would be used to re- duce taxes on real estate and carry out a five million dollar capital improvement plan, including a new civic auditorium to cost Another charter proposal would delegate to professional depart- ment heads certain duties now per- The dredge Louise and smaller working "companion Six Sailors Dead in Car, Tractor Crash LITCHFIELD, HI. Mi-Six sailors, including one from Wisconsin, were killed today in the collision of their car and a tractor-trailer truck on U. S. 66 twelve miles north of Litchfield. State police said the sailors were j from the naval station at Memphis, Tenn. 4 Killed in 3-Car Crash At Deforest the! DEFOREST, Wis. per- Walter were moved out of the j sons, including a brother and sister, west end of the lake Thursday and Friday, through a cut in the Huff Street dike. Cre'ws were rushing today, Cribbs said, to close the gap and apply Jlijiiul> iu> UIUU1C1. black top surfacing, so that trat- ry Roeskei 8( Route 2> Madison; fie may be resumed. He thought Austin Tyrer, 65, and Mrs. Axel the road would be opened again both of Madison. were killed and seven others in- jured in a three-car collision near here today. The dead: Myrlin, 10, and her brother. Jer- past five days perhaps the most victorious of the the fact that the win-lose ratio of i iAttugcHj U.-LI ui j.rj.auioun. the first of next week. Thg Sabre jets has usually been eight Tied Up at Franklin St. i jto one over the streaking MIGs. The two dredges are being tied Mrs. Austin Tyrer. 65, and Axel; ____ ISMIGsShot Down Without Loss to U.S. Four American Planes Lost to Ground Fire By WILLIAM C. BARNARD SEOUL, Korea U) The Air Force today triumphantly an- nounced it didn't lose a single plane in aerial combat this week while Allied jets blasted 18 Com- munist MIGISs out of the skies and damaged 19 others. Four U.S. Air Force planes were lost to Red ground fire and four to unknown causes in action over North Korea this week tha Air Ike Criticizes Force said. The announcement made the up at Franklin St., Cribbs explain ed, until their owner the Walter W. Magee Co. decides future destinations for the crafts. Delayed Report Air Force also announced Haugen, 62, of Madison; Peter i Schmitt, 58; his wife; and son, Eli, The 19, and daughters, Janet, 16, and it had been determined that "one Margaret, 21, of Route 1, Dane, iFS6 Sabre jet was lost in air to :stinationsior ore wis.. Mrs_ Ernest Pl0eske Routejair encounter during the previous Dredging of the east end of the Thjs wgs a dfi lake was completed in 1951, with cubic yards of sand and mud-silt excavated. Another esti- mated cubic yards have come from the west end of the lake, Cribbs said. Total cost to the city for dredg- ing the west end of the lake has formed by the elected commis- been estimated at .The sioners. i exact cost cannot be determined until soundings are taken through ice this fall and winter, the city engineer pointed out. Cost of dredging the east end in a committee composed of Chamber of Commerce and labor-organiza- tion representatives. The group now however, is fighting the pro- gram as proposed by the council, claiming it is inadequate as com- pared to the committee's sugges- tion of ar ten million dollar civic betterment plan to be carried out in 10 years. Capture Ailing Elk GAYLORD, Mich. more ailing elk have been captured by Conservation Department officials in an effort to track down the con- dition that has plagued Michigan's fading elk herd in recent years. Of undetermined cause, the ill- ness leaves the wapiti weak, with- out fear of humans and in some cases blind. 2, Madison. The crash occurred at intersec- j d tion of State Highway 51 and Dane Unrelenting Allied fighter bomb- County Trunk V. ers swept up to the Haeju Penin- Accordiug to unofficial reports !sula near 38th Parallel today two cars were traveling on the 1to del'ver a sudden, stunning blow county road and the third on the j against a big concentration of state highway when the accident i enemv occurred. Other details available. were not i Sixteen buildings were knocked lout by the angry, diving fighters The accident scene is about 10 I j which hurled rockets and bombs land doused the area-with flaming i napalm. They left four roaring Tyrer died outright, the others fires behind them. miles from Madison. shortly after arrival at Madison hospitals. 1951 was he added. More Sand Taken More sand was taken from the] end of the lake than wasjraTner ana earlier anticipated, Cribbs reveal- Killed at Winchester ed, with a total of cubic WINCHESTER. Wis. It was another day of fine, bright weather and the warplanes were out in force. On the ground, the Army today disclosed a bold foray which a U.S. Eighth Army tank and infan- try team made into enemy terri- arflc hpino rpmnvprl rnmnar vvis. U'y learn maue Jinu enemy iciii ards being removed, as Qf Cni was killed ,t on the Central Front_an in. d With an estimate Of snn vasim, which was mpt hv a rp. with Cost for sand excavation totaled in the west end of the lake. Silt excavated totaled cu- bic yards at a cost of Last spring" it was estimated that cubic yards of silt would be dredged, but when the amount of sand was increased, the silt ex- and his 15-year-old son, injured critically today while en route to Northern Wiscon- sin on a fishing trip. Stratton' lost control of his car on a cirsvc at the foot of a hill on Highway 110, according to Win- nebago County traffic police, and it crashed into a tree about four miles northwest of here. (Continued on Page 12, Column 5.) I The father and son were on their LAKE way to Tomahawk to fish. vasion which was met by a re- markable rounds of Commu- nist mortar and artillery fire. The Eighth Army raiders struck a Red position southeast of Pyong- yang early Friday and a bloody battle raged for four hours and 15 minutes. Mrs. Mertice Cartner Leitner, who is only 13, looks at her son, Roy Chester, in the hospital in Okeechobee, Fla. The baby was born the day before at the hospital. The mother was married nearly a year ago at the age of 12. Her husband, Chester, is a 20-year-old cowhand. (AP Wirephoto) A Sudden Collapse of a street and sidewalk along a main traffic artery in West Philadelphia today created this gaping, 35-foot crater, swallow- ing up two vehicles and forcing hundreds to flee from homes lining the cave-in. (AP. Wirephofo to The Republican-Herald) 79 Killed Seventy-nine enemies were killed or wounded, 11 bunkers were blown clean of Reds, six communication trenches were knocked out of oper- ation. There was no report of Allied casualties and the Army made no report as to whether all tanks returned. The daring raid was made into the heart of an enemy artillery stronghold which has been deliv- ering strong volleys of fire at Allied lines. On the sarae sector of the battle- front, 400 Chinese Communists last night made an unsuccessful eight- hour fight to retake Capitol Hill, west of the Pukhan River, from crack Republic of Korea troops. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Clearing and cooler tonight, Sunday fair and pleasant. Somewhat warmer in af- ternoon. Low tonight 54, high Sun- day 78. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 79; minimum, 63; noon, 74; precipitation, 1.08; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) Max. temp. 75 at p. m. Friday, Min. 65 at a. m. to- day. Noon visibility 15 miles, wind from west, northwest at 18 miles per hour. Humidity 72 per cent, barometer 29.84, steady. Additional weather on Page 12. McGranery Opens Corruption Probe By JACK ADAMS WASHINGTON by an array of new top assistants, Attv Gen. James P. McGranery moved forward on a number of fronts today in his battle to clean up any corruption m the federal gov- McGranery assembled a news conference to disclose a number of chief assistants and Red Bulgaria Charges Greece Started Shooting shifts in his to announce that: 1. His department is investigat- ing alleged job sales in the Chicago largest in the at S500 per throw. McGranery said "It is only a question of who and how many we are going to indict." 2. He has ordered a grand jury investigation into the 1946 public auction of the government's 19Vi million dollar St. John's River shipyard at Jacksonville, Fla., sold as.surplus to the Tampa Ship- building Company for A House committee investigating the Justice Department said allega- tions bribery and collusion in the shipyard case were referred to the department six years ago when Supreme Court Justice Tom C. Clark was attorney general but that no action "resulted. McGranery told his news con- ference that "the matter should have been investigated more tho- oughly and should have been pre- sented to a grand jury then." The attorney general also said he has just signed a con- tract with tile private. New York auditing firm of Arthur Young and Company to check the books of the alien property custodian, long un- der fire by Republican senators. The attorney general called his news conference immediately after President Truman announced three new major appointments in the Justice Department, on McGran- ery's recommendations. They are: Ross L. Malone, 42, Roswell, N. M., attorney never before as- sociated with government, as de- puty attorney general, No, "2 post in the department. UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. Communist Bulgaria charged Greece last night with "provoca- tive" and "aggressive" action in shelling the disputed Island of Gamma on the Greek-Bulgarian border. The accusation was made in a formal Bulgarian protest to the United Nations. Bulgarian Foreign Minister Mint- cho Neytchev cabled the U. N. that shells and mines fell on Bul- garian territory during the Greek Array's attack Thursday on the tiny spot of land in the Evros River. It was not clear whether he was charging that shells overshot their target and landed on the Bulgarian side of the river or., whether he was referring to Hie island as Bul- garian territory. Both countries have claimed it. The U. N. secretariat promptly sent Neytchev's protest against "the new provocations of the Greek authorities and the aggres- sive acts undertaken by them" to the Athens government. It also cir- culated the Bulgarian message among U. N. members. Dulles Reports On Conference With Candidate By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH DENVER U) Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower believes, says John Foster Dulles, that President Tru- man's foreign policy is placing America in the greatest peril in its history. And Dulles, Republican interna- tional affairs expert who until re- cently was an adviser to Secre- tary of State Acheson, says only election of Eisenhower as president can block Soviet domination of the free world and avert a third world war. Gov. Adlai Stevenson, Eisen- hower's Democratic opponent for the presidency, "lacks the exper- ence, the stature and the power of decision in great world matters which are so necesssry to save our nation at this Dulles told a news conference yesterday. James A. Farley today charac- terized as "illogical and silly" a criticism of the Truman adminis- tration's foreign policy Friday by John Foster Dulles. Farley said: "I think his criticism of the ad- ministration's foreign policy is il- logical and because it isn't accurate and silly because it comes from a man who has helped create it and has partici- pated in it for a number of years and who, under it, had held posts of great distinction." Agree Dulles, chief author of the for- eign policy plank of the GOP plat- form, spoke out after a two-hour conference with Eisenhower and his vice presidential running mate, Sen. Richard M. Nixon of Cali- fornia. "I think we all said Dulles, "that the trend of our pre- sent foreign policies is to put our nation in the greatest peril it has ever been in the entire course of our national Then he went on to blast those policies and to say: "I would not be here expressing the views I have if they were not in accord with Gen. Eisenhower's views." Virtually all credit for improve- ment of morale in Western Europe belongs to Eisenhower who was North Atlantic commander until last June 1 and not to the ad- ministration, Dulles declared. "At the end of World War he said, "Russia was a relatively weak and terribly devastated coun- try. The United States had unpre- cedented power and prestige in the world. "Since then the balance of power has been steadily' moving against us. of all the people of the world are already under Soviet dictatorship as a hostile force against us. The remainder of the world, which we call the free world, is held together very pre- cariously. "The Russian leaders have been picking off the free world piece by piece and if this process goes on, there will be a balance of power against us so great that I do not think that general war can be avoided because the Communist leaders will then have a good hope of victory. "I am absolutely convinced that Gen. Eisenhower, by reason of his experience, stature and prestige throughout the world and poli- cies I feel confident he will pursue will check that trend. I believe he alone can check that trend." ;