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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 8, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Clearing, Colder Tonight; Partly Cloudy Saturday VOLUME 52, NO. 147 SIX CENTS PER COPY W1NONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, AUGUST 8, 19M Winona County Fair August 14-17 SIXTEEN PAGES TODAY No War Over Split Germany Jy JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON report of a hitherto unpublished interview with Russian dictator Joseph Stalin is receiving powerful and puzzled at- tention in Washington and other Western capitals. The interview was granted by Stalin to Pietro Nenni, the Italian Socialist lead- er, who has just returned from a month's stay in the Soviet Union. Nenni, who went to Russia to receive a Soviet "peace is universally regarded as a captive of the Italian Communist party, and thus of the Kremlin. On his return to Rome, he made no pub- lic report of his conversation with Stalin, confining himself instead to the expected pro-Soviet propagan- da. But immediately after he talk- ed to Stalin, he went to the Italian Embassy in Moscow and describ- ed to Italian Ambassador, Mario di Stefano, the substance of what Stalin said. Nenni's report is ac- cepted as accurate as far as it goes. Understood Italy Stalin started the conversation by saying the expected things about the Soviet "will to peace." This formality over, he question- ed Nenni at length, displaying a surprising grasp of the details of Italian politics, about the crucial Italian election next spring. Stalin then began to talk about Germany, and it is this portion of the inter- view which is considered particu- larly interesting. Stalin noted that the Bonn agree- ment had been approved by the United States Senate. He predict- ed as "very probable" the election as president of Gen. Eisenhower. He remarked that, for these rea- sons, he considered any further diplomatic exchanges on the sub- ject of Germany with the Western bloc was no more than a "propa- gandistic and marginal expedient" __jn other words without real meaning. And, he said, he had further considered that it Tiad be- come impossible to prevent the di- vision of Germany into two parts on a permanent basis. Therefore, Stalin told Nenni, it necessary to substitute anoth- er formula for the "formula of a united and neutral Germany." This new formula called for the creation of two entirely separate German- ics, which would be, he said, "mil- itary and ideological counter- weights to each other." In this situation, the "independence and security" of Eastern Germany must be "reinforced." Will to Peace Stalin then reverted to the theme of the Soviet Union's "will to and on this note the inter- view ended, without reference to Korea or other problems, Nenni reported that Stalin seemed in ex- cellent health and spirits, and "calm and confident" throughout the interview. Stalin's attitude, Nenni implied, was that of a man who certainly has no intention of making war, but who is in no hur- ry either to make unnecessary concessions to the Western bloc. Having thus described the inter- view, Nenni then asked Ambas- sador Di Stefano certain significant questions about Di Stefano's Amer- ican opposite member, Ambassa- dor to Russia George Kennan. How, he asked, was Kennan regarded in Western diplomatic circles? Was Kennan sincere? Did he speak for his government when he referred, in conversations with Soviet officials, to the possibility of easing tension and eventually negotiating a peaceful settlement of the differences between East and West? Di Stefano replied firmly that Kennan was wholly sincere, and that the Soviets were making a most serious mistake in isolating him and paralyzing his efforts. So ends the Nenni story. As to what, if anything, it means, one man's guess is about as good as another's. And certain points do stand out. Nenni almost certainly reported the Stalin interview to his ambassador with the full knowl- edge and consent of the Kremlin. Equally certainly he also asked the questions about Kennan with the Kremlin's encouragement. Situation Studied Thus it is obviously dangerous to interpret the episode on its face value. Yet it is at least true that Stalin's statements on Germany seem to support the views of the more optimistic of two schools ol thought which have long existed in the American government. One group of specialists has held that the Soviets would ultimately be willing to go to war if necessary to prevent the rearmament of West Germany in alliance with the West. Another group has held that the Soviets in this situation would re- act simply by heavily rearming East Germany and isolating the Eastern zone absolutely from con- tact with the this, in ef- fect, is what Stalin said to Nenni. Nenni's questions about Ambassa- dor Kennan are also considered of possible interest. It is at least conceivable that they might mean that the men in the Kremlin are considering some sort of approach to the American government through Kennan. Dead of Blast Burns This Giant Crane sent to dismantle a dredge docked, along the -Mississippi--River at St. Paul, ended up needing help itself when the pavement collapsed to leave it in this ignominious position. No one was injured and damage was called slight (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Gore Eliminates McKellar In Tennessee Senate Race BY A. P. BRYAN NASHVILLE, Tenn. UPI Albert Gore, handsome young Tennessee I congressman, wrote finis to the Hong career of 83-year-old Sen. (Kenneth D. McKellar of Tennes- j see in nearly complete returns from yesterday's Democratic pri- mary. In another ousting of the 32-year-old Frank G. Clement ed Gordon Browning's four-year reign as governor. Browning was seeking a third two-year term. The '14-year-old Gore, who cam- paigned "long and earnestly throughout the state after his Fourth District was eliminated in a 1951 redistricting act, piled up hotel room at Memphis, refused to r Estes_ supported McKel- concede defeat in his try for an unprecedented seventh term in the Senate. The winner in the Democratic senatorial primary faces only to- ken Republican opposition in the November general election in overwhelmingly Democratic Ten- nessee. lar and Clement. Crump, always a McKellar stal- wart, could not stem the tide against the aging senator. Just what his support of Clement meant was a matter of conjecture. McKellar, chairman of the Sen- ate Appropriations Committee, has Chatfield Man Killed By Auto In Mankato Hit While Crossing Street, City's 1st Fatality in 1952 CHATFIELD, Minn. A former Chatfield resident, John P. Lynch, 43, was killed Thursday night at Mankato when struck by a moving automobile. Lynch was Mankato's first auto- mobile fatality of this year. He was hit just as he started to cross a street in the middle of a block. Surviving are three brothers in California and Sister Norbert, Wi- nona. His parents, Mr. and Mrs. William Lynch, are dead. Lynch's father operated a grain elevator here for many years. The traffic accident victim had not made Chatfield his home for some time, although he visited here fre- quently. Funeral arrangements are pend- ing, but will be handled by a Chat- field mortician. Agreement Near On German Debts LONDON agreement to pay off the huge prewar private German debts and end West Ger- many's status as a bankrupt na- tion was approved here today by a 27-nation conference. The agreement now goes to a United States-British-French gov- ernment commission on German debts, A conference statement said that, "broadly speaking, terms of the settlement adhere as closely as possible to the terms of the original contract and do not in most cases involve any reduction in the origin- al principal amounts. This means West Germany will pay off nearly all of Germany's private prewar debts, estimated at to three billion dollars. Separately, the United States, Britain and France are now ex- pected to agree on a scaling down of their multi-billion dollar post- war government relief loans to West Germany. Conference sources hailed the private debt agreement as a mile- stone in the restoration of West Germany's credit and financial in- dependence. It is expected to open Crew Saves Carrier Boxer in Explosion By GEORGE McARTHUR TOKYO Wl U. S. Far-East Naval headquarters today described how heroic crewmen saved the aircraft carrier Boxer from flaming explosions which killed nine shipmates.' Minutes after flames broke out below decks at dawn Wednesday, crewmen braved smoke and inferno-like heat to unload bombs and am- munition from planes readied for strikes against the Communists in North Korea. Hoba'rt Knoxville ap-1 Washington political scene for parently was an easy victor in a j more than a quarter century. He was a strong supporter of the been a powerful figure on the j West Germany once again to a flow of private capital and investment. three-man race for the Republican senatorial nomination. Returns from precincts gave Clement, a former FBI agent, votes, Browning and Clifford Allen Jr. The Nashville Tennessean, a staunch Browning supporter, COD- what seemed certain to- be an in-1 ceded Clement's victory shortly be- surmountable lead over McKellar j fore midnight last night. Browning during the night-long tabulation of unofficial returns from Tennessee's Democratic and Republican pri- maries. Returns from of the state's j approximately precincts gave I Gore votes, a lead of about over McKellar's I But McKellar, remaining in his himself had no statement. Results of the two major races left the Tennessee political picture somewhat scrambled. Memphis political leader E. H. Crump, on the comeback trail after his gubernatorial and senatorial candidates were defeated four years ago by Browning and Sen. Navy Plane Crashes In Japan, 10 Killed TOKYO Wi A Navy patrol bomber crashed early today on Shikoku Island in Southern Japan, killing all ten crew members, the Navy announced. The names of the victims were j withheld pending notification of next of kin. State College Board To Meet at Mankato ST. PAUL The State Teach- ers College Board will meet at the Mankato State Teachers College at a.m. Monday, Dean M. Schweickhard, state commission- er of education, announced today. Rotary President Named Chippewa Indian WALKER, Minn. J. Brun- nier, San Francisco, president of Rotary International, was inducted into the Chippewa Indian tribe dur- ing a visit here. He became Chief Ke-we-tah-cum- ig, meaning "Around the World." The ceremonies were headed by Chief Bill Mprrill of the Indian vil- lage of Onigum across; the bay from Walker. Police Seek Clue In Girl's Murder CHEBOYGAN, Mich. UP) State police and Cheboygan County au- thorities, handicapped by lost tmie, sought a solution today in a 14-year- Other seamen donned oxygen masks and rescued comrades trapped by smoke and flames. Their skipper called it an "inspir- ing performance." The Navy here said the fire and explosions injured 32. The injury toll reported in Washington was 75, but a Navy spokesman here said that probably included those temporarily overcome by smoke but not injured. 12 Planes Lost The Washington account differed in other respects. The Navy De- partment said one exploding jet plane touched off the disaster and 12 other planes were destroyed. Headquarters said the cause was undetermined and did not reveal extent of the damage. The fire and explosions seared the flattop's hangar deck level immediately below the flight deck. A Naval court of inquiry was ordered to investigate. Rear Adm. Herbert C. Regan, commander of Carrier Division One, was appoint- ed its senior officer. Although Capt. Marshall B. Gurney, the skipper, said the Box- er was able to carry on its mission, the carrier was sent to Japan for repairs. The explosions occurred while the Boxer was 90 miles east of Wonsan, Korean East Coast j port. I Navy Doctor Dead The nine dead included a Navy doctor and two hospitalmen who braved nearby flames to care for wounded shipmates. An exploding shell got them. One man was lost overboard. Helicopters and small boats rescued 62 others who were forced into the sea by the choking smoke and flames. Seconds after the first fire was discovered, the Navy-said, smoke, flames and explosions filled the hangar deck. In the engineroom, perspiring crewmen wore oxygen masks and stuck to their posts. Mrs. George L. Holm, above, of Chicago, will be the new na- tional president of the Ladies Auxiliary of the Veterans of Foreign Wars. She was aomi- nated without opposition at the group's national encampment in Los Angeles Thursday. (AP Wirephoto to The Repubiican- Herald) Greeks Ordered To Guard Border AgainstBulgars ATHENS. Greece Wi Acting Premier Sophocles Venizelos told a packed press conference today that Greek forces had been order- ed to keep Bulgarian troops off the border Evros Island of Gamma, from which the Communist Bul- gars were driven by Greek fire Thursday. j Venizelos said Greek troops at] Donald Annis Succumbs, Pal Improving Father of Younger Lad May Be on Way Home From Korea Eleven-year-old Donald Annis died at the Winona General Hos- pital at a.m. today 29 hours after he had suffered severe burns in an of an empty alcohol barrel. The condition of the second ex- plosion victim, Richard Constable, 7, meanwhile, was reported to be slightly improved but- still critical today.-Richard is confined in the hospital for treatment of second and third degree burns suffered in the mishap. The sons of Mr. and Mrs. Earl Annis, 74% .E. 3rd St, and Sgt and Mrs. Charles Constable.- 63V4 W. 2nd St., the two boys apparent- ly touched a flame to the spout of the empty barrel it the rear of the Marshall-Wells Store, 59 E. 2nd St. The flame ignited alcohol fumes in the barrel and the clothes of both youngsters were ignited by flames that followed in the wake of the explosion. Born in Winona July 21, 1941, Donald had been a student at the St. Joseph's School. In addition to his parents, he is survived by three brothers, Darrell, James and Joseph, and his grandmother, Mrs. Louise Knopf, Winona. Funeral services will be held Monday at 9 a.m. at St. Joseph's Church, the Rt. Rev. Joseph Hale officiating. Burial wfll be in St. Mary's Cemetery. Friends may call at the Burke Funeral Home Sunday afternoon and evening. Msgr. Hale will say a rosary at the funeral home at p.m. Sunday. Sgt. Constable has been serving with the Army in Korea and may be returning to the United States under the armed forces' rotation program. The assistance of the Winona County chapter of the Red Cross has been enlisted in efforts to not- ify him of his son's accident The injured and smoke-stricken I the river border between Greece streamed to emergency medical facilities set up in the wardroom and on the flight deck. Sailors and seagoing Marines lined up to offer blood. J. B. Frazier Jr. grabbed a com- manding lead over two opponents in the Third District. Rep. Joe L. Evins won easily in the Fourth District. Rep. Pat Sutton had a two-to-one lead in the Sixth District ,and Rep. Percy Priest, Democra- old Cheboygan girl's brutal slay-1 tic whip, was well ahead in the was a strong supporter Tennessee Valley Authority. Gore, although still in his early 40's, is a veteran of seven terms in the House. He, too, is a long- time supporter of the TVA and the nation's atomic program. He has served on the House Appro- priations Committee for years. The young congressman cam- paigned on a plea for the voters to "send a young man to the Senate." R. Beecher Witt of Madisonville was unopposed for the Republican nomination for governor. Also un- opposed were the state's two Re- publican congressmen, former Na- tional Committee chairman Carroll Reece of Johnson City and Howard Baker of Huntsville. Democratic incumbents won eas- to country ily in congressional contests. Rep. j he lrft wnen a Of 13. Vet Sons Ask Truman To Let Father Stay WENDELL, N. H. two war veteran sons of Carl iatva, 49-year-old Finnish-born mill work- er ordered deported because he signed a Communist membership card in 1934, say they will appeal to President Truman in the hope "he'll now fight for us." His sons, Carl and Paul, told newsmen last night they will send a telegram to Mr. Truman asking him to save their father from de- "My brother and I fought for the things President Truman be- lieves they said. "We hope he'll now fight for us." They Served in Navy served in the Navy ing. The body of brunet Margaret Byrne was found in a' gravel pit at the end of a lover's lane near here yesterday. At first Margaret was believed slain by a heavy blow on the head. However, a post mortem exam- ination showed today she had been strangled. The cause of strangu- lation was not determined. Margaret, who had been missing from her home since July 14, was large for her age. She was 5 feet 7 and weighed 158 .pounds. Fifth District So was in the Dr. Harold Black, Lansing path- It will be the board's regular quar- ologisti said blow on her head terly meeting. was insufficient to cause death. One theory was that she was smothered under debris. Although the girl had been miss- ing since July 14, she was reported missing to police one July 27 by her parents, Mrs. and Mrs. Alfred Byrne of Cheboygan. Before that, the parents said, they thought she was visiting her grandmother, Mrs. Everett Ben- nett, in Onaway, 30 miles southeast of Cheboygan. A check there re- veialed she wasn't with the grand- mother. Then they thought she had gone to visit relatives in Missouri or1 taken a job as her mother said she had threatened to do. San. McKellar World War II. Carl said the President "seems the type of man who would be interested in what happens to peo- ple like us." Their father said he planned to go to Boston today to confer with his attorney, Frederick Frank Co- hen, about appealing the deporta- tion order to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. George Dorr, president of the Dorr Woolen Mill in nearby Goshen where Latva has worked for 30 years, has given his "faithful work- er" a day off. In Washington, meanwhile, Sen. Lehman. (D-Lib-NY) said the de- portation order "dramatizes the shameful inequity" of the McCar- ran Act and Sen. O'Conor (D-Md) said he was asking the Justice Department to make certain no injustice is done Latva. Federal Judge Charles E. Wy- zanski Jr. of Boston ruled "with reluctance" yesterday that Latva must be deported under the Mc- Carran Act. Admitted Signing The act bars immigration or na- turalization of all aliens and au- thorizes deportation of aliens who ever belonged to the Communist or Fascist parties. Latva said he told immigration officials in applying for citizen- ship in 1949 that he signed the Potato Blight Noted in State and her Soviet satellite neighbor on the northwest had been ordered to stand by on the alert until the United Nations back Greek de- mands for unquestioned soverign- ty over the tiny island. No New Activity A dispatch from Istanbul, Tur- key, said reports from the Turk- ish border 10 miles from Gamma indicated no new activity in _ the area and that Turkish authorities appeared unexcited over the latest Greek-Bulgar flareup. At the United Nations headquar- ters in New York Thursday, the Greek firing on a Bulgarian patrol on the island generally was consid- ered just another one oi the bor- der incidents which have been a washing potatoes after they common feature of Greek-Bulgar dug. He warned that this will relations in recent years. j The Greeks earlier had reported j a Bulgarian patrol probably of 11 or 12 men on the island and ordered them off by Wednesday morning. Thursday the Greeks said the Bulgars were still oa the is- land and fired on them for several hours with mortars and machine- guns. The Greeks said the Com- munists withdrew after the firing. Situation Crucial Responsible quarters here in the j tioris to better jobs are being in- Greek capital regarded the situa-1 vestigated. don as crucial and speculated as I "A continuing investigation is in ST. PAUL Late potato blight has been noted in some Minnesota fields, R. C. Rose, plant patholog- ist at University Farm, said Thurs- day. He .gave growers this three step method for handling potatoes from infected fields: 1. Treat affected plants with chemicals to Jail the vines. 2. Postpone digging potatoes un- til plants have had a good chance to dry out. 3. Allow potatoes to dry as quick- ly as possible after they have been dug. Rose said some farmers are are Carl A. Latva Communist party membership card because "they told me they wanted to win a strike in which I was involved." He said he paid a man 50 cents when he signed and an additional 10 cents a month for four months and "never heard from them again." Latva is free on bail pend- ing an appeal. Latva had no comment as his neighbors, fellow workers, and vet- erans organizations came to his aid and a spokesman for Gov. Sherman Adams announced that the governor would take up the case with the New Hampshire con- gressional delegation "with a view to having something done in Wash- ington." spread the blight. Chicago Post Office Probed WASHINGTON iff) Attorney General McGranery said today charges that some Post Office em- ployes in Chicago paid for promo- to the results if the Greeks landed on Gamma, A Greek general staff announce- ment said, however, that no Greek troops had been sent to the island since the only objective was to get the Bulgarians out. In New York, the United Na- tions received a report from its Balkans commission both countries had large forces ready for action and that the situa- tion was "very dangerous." The observers urged Greece to ask for U. N. intervention but Greece's del- egate at. the U. N. already had said his country was not contem- plating such a request. 2 Die in Virginia Plane Disaster BERRYVILLE, Va. twin- engined private plane crashed on a fog-shrouded mountainside. 10 miles east of here today, killing at least two persons. Wing Agnew, keeper at the Mt. Weather weather station, said two persons were thrown from the plane and killed. Their identities" were not immediately determined. Agnew said the plane struck the side of the mountain near the West Virginia line, exploded and burned. he said in response to an inquiry. He declined to elab- orate. At the Post Office department, aides to Postmaster General Don- aldson said postal inspectors have been in Chicago recently for a rou- tine, periodic check. They said no report from the inspection staff has been received. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Clearing and colder tonight. Saturday part- ly cloudy but no marked change in temperature. Low tonight 60, high Saturday 78. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 88; minimum, 65; noon, 67; precipitation, .23; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) Max. temp. 82 at p. m. Thursday, min. 66 at noon today. Noon 3 miles an hour from east and southeast, visi- bility one-half mile, clouds feet, overcast, humidity bar- ometer 29.81, steady. Additional -weather on Page 2. ;