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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 8, 1949, Winona, Minnesota FAIR, CONTINUED WARM FM RADIO IS PERFECT RADIO VOLUME 49, NO. 146 WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, AUGUST 8, 1949 SIXTEEN PAGES Ecuador Quake Toll Up to Johnson Aid Pledged to End 5 Per Centers Public Hearings Begin in Arms Contract Probe By Marvin L. Arrowsmith Washington Secretary of Defense Johnson promised today to help "got rid of unscrupulous men who prey on both business and gov- ernment by peddling influence" In federal contract-letting. Johnson was the first witness as the Senate's special investigations subcommittee opened public hear- ings into the so-called "five per- who arrange to get contracts for a fee. Telling the subcommittee "You can count on our wholehearted co- Johnson added: "We arc in entire sympathy with your determination to get rid of those unscrupulous men who prey upon both business and government by I would call it Johnson said he has been hearing for some time that "the number of so-called five percenters has been on the increase in Washington and other cities where the dollar vol- ume of government procurement runs high." He added: Audacity Amazing "I was amazed at their audacity and at the extent of their opera- tions. When I became secretary of defense I vowed that I would break their power, and began to measure my sights on them almost as soon as I took office." The Senate group wants to find out whether any of the contract agents have tried to influence fed- eral officials. The small hearing room was packed as Johnson took the witness chair. About half the space was occupied by newsmen, leaving only about 35 chairs for government of- ficials and the public. After Johnson's curtain-raiser testimony, the investigators plan to hear the man whose statements touched off the inquiry. He is Paul Grindle, a Massachusetts furniture manufacturer who has said he paid a middleman for help in seeking a government contract. Tanforan Check Scheduled Scheduled after Grindle's testi- mony is a searching inquiry into the Tanforan race track case. The subcommittee wants to find out just how the track at San Bruno, got government approval for use of scarce building materials shortly after the war. The hearings are expected to run at least two weeks, capping six weeks of private preliminary in- vestigation by the subcommittee. Sumner Welles' Wife Succumbs In Switzerland By Lynn Heinzerlinc Lausanne, Switzerland Sumner Welles, wife of the former U.S. undersecretary of state, died here last night. She had made the trip to Switzerland with her hus- band in an attempt to restore him to health. The former undersecretary said Mrs. Welles died "most unexpected- ly." She was taken ill several days ago and had been confined to bed in her hotel room. Welles said relatives of his 'wife are flying to Europe, He said he would return to the United States as soon as possible. Friends of the family said Mrs "The "been looking into Welles was stricken with peritonitis the activities of "five percenters" she had declined to undergo an who charge a fee for operation. The Duchess Of Kent, left, looks at BeBe Shopp, Miss America of 1948, as they both visit the film studios at Pine Wood, Friday. Noel Coward, center, whose first picture in seven years is being filmed at the studios, acted as host to the duchess and the Minnesota beauty. (A.P. Wireplwto to The Republican-Herald.) Federal Union Of 7 Democratic Nations Urged Congressman Claims Proposal Has Support of People By Max Hall Washington Senator Ke- fauver who wants seven democratic nations to join ift a federal union something like our own union of 48 states, said today that "Congress is far behind the people on this subject." On behalf of a group of 20 sena- tors, Kefauver has introduced a resolution asking the President to invite Canada, Britain, France, Bel- gium, the Netherlands and Luxem- bourg to a "federal convention" to explore how far they can apply Anti-Red Pacific Alliance Proposed By William K. Moore Chinhae, The leaders of Nationalist China and the Korean republic called today for a conference of Asian powers in the immediate future to draft a Pacific alliance against communism. The request came in a joint statement by Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek and President Sygman Ehee ol South Korea after two-day conference here. "the principles of 'Too Weatherman Admits No Real Relief in Sight Q. "How hot is Mr. Weatherman: "Too hot." Q. "Exactly how Mr. Weatherman: "93 at noon." Q. "Cooler tonight, I Mr. Weatherman: "74." Q. "Cooler tomorrow, I Mr. Weatherman: "Nope; it might be hotter." Q. "How Mr. Weatherman: "Don't know. Maybe 95, maybe more. Too hot anyhow." Q. "Cooler day after tomorrow, I Mr. Weatherman: "I doubt it, but it could be." Q. "Where can I go in the meantime to cool Mr. Weatherman: "You got me there." It Q. "How about the Mr. Weatherman: "You must be kidding, was up to 108 some places there Sunday." Q. "Wisconsin, Mr. Weatherman: "It wouldn't be worth the effort." Q. "Iowa Mr. Weatherman: "Now you're crazy again. Q. "Well, I'm off for Canada then. Keep me posted so I know when to come back." Mr. Weatherman: "Go ahead, stupid. But you might be interested to know that Canada's where the heat's coming from. It was 105 in Winnipeg yesterday." Q. "Oh Maybe it'll Mr. Weatherman: "Sure, son, maybe it'll rain, maybe it will. Doubt it though." ________ Montana Forest Fire Deaths Mount to 13 Helena, hundred fire fighters hurled their might today at the fiaming three-mile front of a timber blaze that has killed the men and burned nearly acres since f air torce terriea doctors, nurses Armed with axes and shovels, two separate battalions of smoke chanoe to Uve removal of d medlcal aid to thousands of in- to themselves free federal framework of the United Nations, i tnnt wiiinw i, blackened men attacked from the north and south on wuiow The sponsors see this men move. comparable to the constitutional) fa timber in the gates of mountains mvention held by the 13 mles northeast of Helena. American states in 1787. I Kefauver, in an interview, saidj that during the two weeks since j the resolution was introduced, "in- terest has been increasing dously all over the country." Urges Common Policies Huge Tumor Removed From Tot Ann Arbor, Mich. Two- year-old Judy Rae Carpenter today was given better than an even Damage to 20 Towns in Area 34 in Mercy Plane Crash En Route To Disaster Region By Jorge Mantilla Quito, Ecuador The un- official death toll In earthquakes ravaged Ecuador soared above 600 today as damage estimates from some 29 mountain towns reached Countless thou- sand were reported hurt. The Ecuadorian cabinet voted in emergency session last night to take immediate action on Presi- dent Galo Plaza Lasso's plans to rebuild the stricken areas most populous in Ecuador. The defense .mininstry saici troops were oil duty In the worst hit zones and order was being maintained. Communications were being re- stored slowly as the Ecuadorian air force ferried doctors, nurses When asked whether he thinks nut ions co formiriE EL union TbV'askecf the 13 American states did, Ke- the Philippines to summon the na- lauver replied. tions. ing the picture has been changed federal -union at least for "some- thing else" beyond the Atlantic pact, the Marshall plan, and .the piece- meal "pouring out of money" to European countries. help in getting federal contracts for others. Their commission usu- ally is five per cent of the gross suffered a collapse last winter, was The Welles' arrived here July 19 The former undersecretary, who extremely weak when he sailed suouuiimuiicc c, probe the French liner De Grasse ready has led to the suspension of from New York, two Army major Mrs. Welles, the former Mathllde proceeds. The subcommittee's H. chief of the chemical corps, and Herman Feldman, the quartermaster general. In relieving them from duty tem- porarily. Secretary of the Army Gray said they had failed to ex- hibit judgment "expected of per- sons in their positions." Townsend, was Welles' second wife His first marriage, to Miss Esther Slater, was dissolved by divorce in 1923. Welles had two sons by his marriage. The former undersecretary and his wife sailed to Europe a month ago on a trip planned to restore The subcommittee is attempting health, which was damaged by to learn (li Whether anyone has tried to Influence government of- ficinls in charge of buying or the administration of federal regula- tions, and (2) Whether government officials have gone out of their way to be helpful to anyone seeking favors, __v_ _ In a policy statement setting was confined to her bed. She died in forth the purpose of the inquiry, the night. The official said no definite ar- rangements have been made for the funeral, but the body will be sent back to the States. Fire Hits St. Paul Bar St. Paul A fire swept through the Skweres Bar and Cafe in downtown St. Paul Saturday night, causing an estimated damage. Ten firemen were injured or overcome by smoke. The blaze forced patrons of the Atlantic hotel and Lyceum movie theater into the streets, WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and continued warm tonight and Tues- day; somewhat cooler Tuesday night. Low tonight 74, high Tues- Maflison, Wis. Fifteen new day 95. cases of polio, nine of them in Mil- waukee, were reported to the state Chairman Hoey (D-N.C.) said the Senate group is trying to help the small businessman get govern- ment contracts- without feeling he needs to turn to a five percenter for help. Alabama Surgeon Dies in Rochester Rochester. Julius E. Beck, 71, proirilnent Mobile, Ala., surgeon, died Sunday of a stroke at Colonial hospital in Rochester. Dr. Beck, came to Rochester sev- eral days ago. He underwent sur- gery for another ailment Friday. 1 Wisconsin Has 15 New Polio Cases board of health today, The 1949 total for Wisconsin is 171 113 more than a year ago. Other incidence was reported by Owen, Clark county; Cudahy, Mil- waukee county; town of Garfleld, exposure when he fell unconscious last Christmas night in a snow-cov- ered field near his Maryland estate. They had been living quietly in their hotel since their arrival In Lausanne July 19. Mrs. Welles became ill several days ago, hotel officials said, and LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 94; minimum, 69; noon, 91; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 96; minimum, V75; Jackson county; Town of Mequon, noon, 93; precipitation, none; pun Ozaukee county; Town of Grand sets tonight at sun rises to- Rapids, Wood county, and Stanley, morrow at in Chippewa county. Additional weather on Page 3. Quirino, in San Francisco on his way to visit President Truman, had no comment. He and Chiang laid the foundation for a Pacific pact last month in a similar conference at Baguio in the Philippines. Since the Chiang-Quirino meet- by these developments: 1. Quirino recast last week his entire concept of the projected Pa- cific union and eliminated all refer- ence to Chiang and his crumbling nationalist regime in China. 2. The United States issued its white paper on China two days later and labeled the Chiang gov- ernment a failure in the civil war against the Chinese communists. "Not quite that far, to begin with. But I think they might set up a Rutledge Gets 70-Year Term On Slaying tumor as big as a man's head from her tiny chest. _______---------..... I The tumor, said by university Wilderness area hills and stafi members to be the parties of fire fighters had f it th had ever the flames In the rest of the removed last week. It components of an- Rapids, Iowa Dr. _.. common foreign policy, common de-jRobert c RUuedge, Jr., of St. Louis common currency, postal sys- tem and trade relations." He said he and other senators are convinced that a majority of the people are ready if not for sentenced to 70 years prison for the love triangle slaying of Byron C. Hattman. District Judge J. E. Eiserman told pediatrician a serious the flames yesterday but a 20 mile an hour wind fanned the fire in! the northeastern section. The fire devastated from 800 to acres yesterday. Willow mountain is east of Mann gulch, where the lightning blaze started Friday. The fire has moved four miles east of where the Miss- ouri' river winds picturesquely through the mountain. Calls for volunteers went out again yesterday. Forest Service of- ficials sent fresh men in to relieve offense. also in a long time The judge stipulated that the sen- Big Liner Lands Safely After Air Collision Milwaukee A Capital Air- lines DC-3 with 23 persons on boarc landed safely yesterday after six feet of its right wingtip was !taoDythe ripped off in a collision with a light e ure crosses service has not sent "The he said, "must bejany of its parachuting fire-fighters and others. It has outside back- i, Upon JLZie juage tiiaw me tjue aijiuzLC wnVi Jhvltence be served at the Fort Madison fered its worst tragedy in its nouse penitentiary "at hard labor." year history. The court said that because or the Fifteen smokejumpers, ing from Union Tom- statutes and honor time for good college> student mlttee, whose officers include for-behavior Rutledge's period of 1m- fire when the wind shuted ..._______ jr____. t__, _ _ Ho I -lY cllwCi LUCj' WCiC the smoke jumping program suf- plane. prisonment would be approximate- A spokesman for the Philippine R0bert p; Patterson, and former president said last night Secretary of state wffl ciay. would make no statement on- any j phase of the projected alliance until] he had talked with Mr. Truman. .In their call, for a conference, Chiang and Rhee said: "We are strongly of the opinion ton. It is one of several pending res- olutions designed to bring nations closer together to get a firmer grip on world peace, either by strength- ening the United Nations or by that countries of the Pacific in methods, eral and Far Eastern countries inj Ong Qf these resolutions may be particular are facing a greater fe congress next year. It ger from international communism turn QUt tQ m. today than any other part of as did tne Pulbright world- iing peace" resolution of 1943, the "Solidarity and concerted action connally resolution of 1943, and the among these countries is more ur- gently needed than elsewhere. It is our firm belief that the world cannot be free if Asia is to go under and mankind cannot afford to be divided into half freemen and half slaves." They suggested Quirino set the conference for Baguio. After issuing the 'statement, Chiang boarded his plane and left, presumably for his holdout bastion1 Vandenberg resolution of 1948. Proposals to Be Studied Senator Elbert Thomas (D-Utah) foreign relations subcommittee to study all the new proposals. He told a reporter the subcom- mittee will spend the rest of 1949 getting ready, and will open hear- at this time" on white paper. the Americanlhere are some of the major resolu- tions now pending; 1. A resolution by Thomas and The Chiang-Rhee statement said we have1 arrived at full agreement senator Douglas to concerning the idea of a union as set forth in the joint statement is- sued by President Quirino and Gen- eralissimo Chiang Kai-shek on 12 July 1949 at Baguio." The TJ. S. too has been cold to the idea ofa Pacific counterpart of the Atlantic alliance. Secretary of State Acheson has told the Asian nations, however, they should go ahead if they desire without American parti- cipation. Since Quirino came out with his new non-Chiang slant, dispatches from Manila and Washington have strengthen the United Nations by eliminating the veto power and set- ting up a method by which a victim of aggression may be defended by the collective power of the other, countries. tions with defined and limited powers adequate to preserve peace and prevent aggression through the indicated the U. S. is warming up enactment, interpretation and en to the alliance plan Casual Observer Will Write for Republican-Herald Beginning tomorrow, The Re- publican-Herald will publish a local column, Ihe Casual Ob- server, by Gretchen L. Lamber- ton. The column will contain items personalities about Winona and its people, and observations of interest to this community, including recipes and travel notes. Mrs. Lambertpn, a lifelong resident of Winona, will be remembered as the writer of the personal column, The Casual Observer, in a local weekly paper no longer published. She also edits a cookery column for a farm magazine and has pub- lished several cookbooks. The Casnal Observer will appear five days a week from Monday through Friday. mlttee, whose officers include for- mer Supreme Court Justice Owen J. Roberts, former Secretary of War 17 30 years "at worst. Major Mining Disasters Lag Over All U.S. escaped. In addition to the 12 smokejump- jured. Three U. S. Caribbean air com- mand planes from Balboa took six tons of relief supplies to Quito yes- terday. They included blood plas- ma, serums and drugs. Four towns which virtually dis- appeared from the map were Guano, Fatate, Pelileo and Pillaro. Eyewitnesses returning from Ambato, largest city to receive the full force of the shocks, said the number of dead and Injured un- doubtedly had been underesti- mated. These witnesses said the rav- aged area now is only a cemetery where the odor of death is almost unbearable. Slides Bury Many They said the number of persons buried along the slopes of Tungur- ahua volcano may never be known. They reported that when the quakes struck.masses of earth slid away .from the mountainsides and the volcano erupted. Frantic relatives who fought their way into the earthquake area in search of loved ones found mostly of Milwaukee, was killed. None of the 20 passengers or three crew members of the' airliner was hurt. The twin-engine DC-3 and single- engine Cessna 140 collided feet over Maitland field, Milwaukee's lake front airport. The Cessna ers, the fire killed a prevention spun into a parking lot. near the guard from nearby Canyon Ferry field and was demolished, ranger station. A helicopter brought the charred bodies to a Helena morgue where fellow firefighters identified them. I some six miles south of where the One of the dead was Joseph Silva, a University of Minnesota student. Mopping up operations continued The pilot and sole occupant of mountains of debris instead of com- the light plane, Arthur Rapps, 33, today on three smaller Montana. Vet has been appointed chairman of a of the absence of major disasters." The Bureau Mines crossed its fingers today andj Officers to Meet' said the nation's coal mines are ap- preaching "the second longest period; St. Faul-W- William E. Revier, At the same time it reported that 333 miners were killed through June this year in accidents involv- ing one to four men each. "No major in whichjv five or more men lost their county veterans and post service >e Paul August 22-23-24. of the bureau said in a news Appendicitis Hits Two in Family munities. This was the latest breakdown of the death toll by towns and cities taken from official and unofficial ources: Felileio, 3.200; Patate, up- wards; Ambato, 400 to 500; Pil- laro, more than 20, Latacunga, 11, Guano, ten. Quakes again shook the slopes of Captain Jack Bofick of Andes yesterday. Shocks were guided the crippled ajfelt in Ambato and RIobamba safe landing at BiHy Mitchell field, i where rescue workers were digging through the debris. The catastrophe was responsible for another tragedy late Saturday when a mercy plane crashed in the quake area, killing all 34 per- sons aboard. The dead were identified as four government officials, two crewmen and 28 Shell Oil Company em- ployes. The workers were being taken in a company plane from Shell- Mera, a company outpost supply base at Ambato, to see how their families had fared. Some persons live In the area affected by the quake. It em- braces about square miles. Much of the area is divided into small farms, devoted to the grow- of fruits, vegetables and forage collision occurred. Bolick said he did not see the Cessna, but added that the impact fires In "was quite a jolt." Stewardess Shirley Davidson, Coldwater, Mich., said she was standing in the aisle when the planes collided. "There vwas a dull she said, "But it didn't throw me at all. 'I had no idea what happened. state commissioner of veterans af-JThe very much at fairs, has called a conference of ease. At first they didn't even realize what had happened, but officers to study the bonus law and then all of us saw the torn wing, application blanks. The conference "Even then, there was no release. "Two, killing a total of 14 men, occurred in the'flrst six months of; 1948. The most recent disaster, onjtor Newhaus of ThiensviUe took his nap she added. The airliner had stopped at De- jtroit and Muskegon, Mich., on its) way here from Norfolk, Va. It wasj just crossing the Lake Michigan Port Washington, shoreline to enter the Billy Mitchell field traffic pattern when the mis- November 4, 1948, claimed five son, Jimmy, ten, to the hospital Fri- lives. day night for an emergency appen- dectomy, iast night, just 48 hours later, he "The only two longer periods In which the mines had no disasters, according to records dating from made 2. A one-paragraph resolution in-; troduced by Senator Tofaey J1839, were for months between July 1, 1938, and July 14, 1939, and for about nine months between for a group of 19 senators, designed Aprij 18i 1946, and January 15, to strengthen the United Nations 1947." and "to seek its development into a world federation open to all na- forcement of world law." One of the main differences be- tween this and the Kefauver res- olution is that the Tobey "federa- tion" would be open to all nations, but the Kefauver "federal union" would be only to democratic countries starting with the seven by two men. Herbert Eggert, Min- democracies that first sponsored the 12-nation Atlantic pact. Other Morgan with a rock while trying democracies could be invited to join to hold him under water. They es- by the original seven. caped. The Tobey resolution also has been introduced in, the House with the claimed support of more than 100 representatives, and has the time with his daughter, Judy, seven, fdr another emergency appendec- Mill City Man Beaten, Tossed Into River Minneapolis George Mor- gan, 27, Minneapolis, was beaten and tossed into the Mississippi river neapolis, told police the men beat St.faul Ford Plant backing of United'world Awarded iof-e I I Unemployment Pay ists. 3. A resolution introduced by Senator Sparkman (D-Ala.) for a group of 11 senators, designed to strengthen the United Nations by removing the veto power and estab- lishing "an effective but tyranny- proof international police force." Some senators have lent their names to more than one of those resolutions. For example, Sparkman, who introduced one of them, is list- ed as a sponsor of the Kefauver and Tobey resolutions also. St. Paul The state's em- ployment and security division ruled Sunday that employes of the St. Paul Ford plant who .were Idled by a strike in May are entitled to unemployment compensation. When the main Ford plant in Detroit was closed by a strike, the St. Paul plant was forced to close from May 10 until June 8. Benefit claims totaled about The passenger 'ist, released py Patate valley, which is crossed by the river of the same name, is a fertile area where small farmers grow sugar cane. Accord- ing to information from that zone Capital at Washington, included the quake created great gullies, only two Wisconsin persons, mourKls m once-level fields and Mrs. Earl Charlson of Wau- watosa. The Missing Six-Foot Section of right wingtip of this DC-3 Capital airliner tore loose yesterday when ship in midair with small cabin plane. Despite damage, the DC-3 flew on for six miles and landed safely at its county air- port. None of 20 persons aboard were hurt. Pilot of the small plane, Arthur Rapps, 22, Milwaukee, was killed when his plane crashed after collision. (AP. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) and choked the river. It was said the transformation ruined the val- ley for agriculture. Pillaro was the center of an area devoted to the growing of corn, potatoes and wheat and the raising of cattle Ecuador Quakes Worst Since '39 New York The Ecuador earthquakes, in which the death toll is over is South Ameri- ca's v.'orst tragedy of this kind since 1939. In that year, were- killed in earthquakes in Chile. Other major earthquake catas- trophes of the last two decades: killed at Fukui, Ja- pan; more than killed at Lih- wa, Sikang province, China. 1939 Erzingan, Turkey, killed. India, killed. 1934 India, more than killed. 1933 Island, Japan, 535 dead. 1932 China, kill- ed. 1931 Managua, Nicaragua, 000 killed. 1930 Italy, killed. The greatest toll of lives taken by earthquakes this century was In 1920, at Kansu, China, when 000 were killed. In the big San Francisco earth- quakes of 1906, there were 452 fa- talities. But property damage ran to heaviest toll in earthquake property damage on record. ;