Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 5, 1953, Winona, Minnesota
Thundershowers Tonight and Thursday VOLUME 53, NO. 143 Mankato at Gabrych Tonight at 8 KWNO AM-FM SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, AUGUST S, 1953 TWENTY PAGES Three Unidentified Sick or wounded Ameri- cans, released in the initial exchange of prison- ers of war, rested 01: stretchers today at "Free- dom Munsan, after being brought down from Panmunjom, the exchange point. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) W w w _ _ 70 Americans Among 400 Released POWs By GEORGE McARTHUR PANMUNJOM hundred happy Allied war captives rode Russian trucks down the dirt road from. North Korea to freedom to- day. The massive, five-week Korean had finally ended, nine days after I State Department spokesmen de- firing stopped at the front en July dined comment. The 400 Allied troops released However, the sharp joy was blurred by a grim report from the first American officer released. Maj. John Daujat of Richmond, War prisoner exchange was on-1 Calif newsmen the Reds had U. N. troops, including j sentenced some y. S. officer cap- Americans, for Reds. tives to jons priSOn terms only The Communists said 392 more prisoners, including 70 Americans, will be liberated Thursday (6 p.m. CST, Seventy Americans came out ofj the bleak Communist prison camps j in the first day's exchange, many two days ago for "instigating against peace." i That was seven days after the Keturn Daujat was swept into the home- n with laughs and shouts, all with ward processing before he could heartfelt thanksgiving to be home- 1 elaborate. In a later interview at ward hound nearby Freedom Village he didn t ward bound. For them and 330 other former Allied captives the Korean War add to his first report. la Washington, Pentagon and McCarthy, Douglas, Nixon Highlight VFW Conclave i included 250 South Koreans, 26 I British, 23 Turks, 12 Filipinos, 7 Colombians, 7 French and 1 each from Greece, Australia, Canada, Belgium and South Africa besides the 70 Americans. The Allies sent back Chi- nese and North Koreans. Seventy more of them sick and be in- cluded with 250 Koreans and 72 other Allied personnel in the sec- ond day's exchange. The Reds who went north in the first day's exchange erupted at the last minute in defiance of the Al- lies. Many ripped and ruined their new American-provided uniforms, snarled and cursed American offi- cers and flashed anger. The dis- play obviously was aimed at prop- Al Jolson award tonight for out- standing work in entertaining servicemen and veterans. More than 60 bands and 100 MILWAUKEE Sens. McCar- thy (R-Wis) and Douglas Vice President Nixon, Comedian Joe E. Brown, and a drum and bugle corps and band contest were among the highlights of to- s day's program at the 54th national which wm end with a firevvorks Iran Weakest Link in Ring Around Soviet Ike Tells U. S. Governors Southeast Asia Vital Spot WASHINGTON but dollar-poor Iran stood out today as the weakest link, from the Amer- ican viewpoint, in the chain of na- tions standing against the Commu- nist threat of expansion into south- ern Asia. Furthermore, U. S. officials give no evidence of any fresh ideas for dealing with the situation. The spot in which American lead- ers find Iran was dramatized by President Eisenhower in his speech to the Governors Conference at Se- attle yesterday. With the administration's fight for a full 400 million dollars ap- propriation for aid to embattled Indochina apparently still fresh in his mind, the President pictured Southeast Asia as an area of vital concern to the United States. It is one of the world's last great population centers not dom- inated by the Communists, he said, and if Indochina fell to the Reds, the free nations would lose their chief supply of tin and tungsten. Iran Weak Of Iran, lying on the western flank of India and the eastern flank of the strategic Middle East, Eisenhower said it is "in a weak- ened condition." He added that Premier Mohammed Mossadegh's recent attempts to dissolve the Iranian Parliament were "support- ed by the Communists." "Only last week Secretary of State Dulles expressed concern over the activities of the Red Tu- deh party in Iran. Unless it is curbed, he said, the United States might not consider sending assist- ance to Iran. Iran's official reply was that the Tudeh party had been outlawed and that, to cut off American aid, would not help at sll in combat- ting the human misery on which Communism feeds. American apprehension about the i possibility of an eventual Commu-, nist takeover in Iran rises and) MINNEAPOLIS Iff) A 26-day falls according to Mossadegh's be-1 strike which curtailed some serv- havior. At the moment, there is a ices in 11 major Minneapolis hotels strong feeling among U. S. author- j was over today, following a union- ities that the Iranian leader is j management agreement, playing with fire in apparently al-j Some hotel employes had lowing the Tudeh party freedom walked out and posted pickets to of action for his own political pur-) enforce demands for a reduction in the work week from 6 days and r lunges Into N. Atlantic West Berlin Police riot squad trucks stood guard outside a food distribution station in the Neukoelln district of the American sector after East Berlin Communists staged an attack on the station. In the background an orderly line of applicants wait for distribution of the American food under protection of the police, who had broken up earlier attempts by Communist sym- pathizers to prevent the distribution. (AP Wire- photo via radio from Berlin) 26-Day Strike In 11 Mill City Hotels Settled 37 E. German Police Flee to West Berlin BERLIN East German soldiers and policemen fled to West Berlin today in the second largest desertion of aganda for the Red newsmen and poses, photographers who stood nearby, j Eve- since, 1951, when the Iran-1 45 hours to 5 days and 40 hours, East German revolt, when 46 sol- In contrast, the Allied troo'ps ian government took over the coun- without reduction in pay, plus (jiers and policemen applied here showed what they j try's oil industry in a dispute with other adjustments. for political asylum. The total for to be j British operators, the American] The settlement'signed Tuesday 11953 is of them "Welcome answered sol-j government has made periodic most Of the employes a 7 j Army troops. Red armed forces this year. The fugitives, including one officer, deserted from the food block- ade which the Soviet Zone government set up around Berlin last Saturday to kill off American re lief for 18 million East Germans. Twenty were from the Red Wehr- macht and 17 from the People's Police. The record for one day's flight was set June 24, a week after the 23 Air Force Men Jump From Flaming Plane Searchers Sight 5 Survivors Off Coast of Scotland LONDON Wl A giant U.S. Atr Force RB36 reconnaissance bomb- er plunged in flames into North Atlantic today and several hour.s later a searching aircraft re- ported spotting wreckage and sur- vivors. Twenty-three men jumped into the Atlantic from the downed plane. A search plane reported sighting five survivors bobbing on a raft. Four of the men stood up and waved. The fifth man was lying on the raft. The survivors were first spotted on the high seas 420 miles west of Prestwick, Scotland. The rescue plane tried to estab- lish radio contact with the raft, which is equipped with a small transmitter. The merchant ship Uruguay also radioed it had reached scene. Reach Two seaplanes also reached scene but were unable to land be- cause the waves were too high. They were ordered back to Prest- wick, Scotland. A drizzle reduced visibility to ont mile, and the cloud ceiling wai down to 100 feet. However, Operations officers said the boats dropped were large and diers and newsmen. Some Break Down Some South Koreans broke down and wept. Some didn't even know ium tonight. Brown will receive encampment of the Veterans of display. Foreign Wars here. j Douglas and Nixon were to i speak this morning was to address an afternoon ses- 5-Hour Parade Police estimated persons ;u7rni-thv i squired through alternating rain and MCCaiUiy walph a cnPrtar-iilnr sion. Brown, comic star of stage, screen and radio, will receive the Foreign Committee drum and bugle, corps will com- there was a truce. They had left pete in the contest at County Stad-1 their northern prison camps not inm tnnioht Rrnwn win rpfpivfi knowing what awaited them. One tearful ROK repatriate bit a fingertip and traced in blood: "The Communists never defeat- ed us." Most of the Americans were sim- ply, quietly happy. One returning prisoner threw his Chinese blue clothing sharply to the ground. An- other laughed. Some waved. And mingled with the brightness was a touch of tenderness as wait- ing hands picked up stretchers of sick and wounded men who came from prison camps on their backs. About half of the 70 Americans were sick and wounded. and sun to watch a spectacular five-hour parade through down- town Milwaukee Tuesday after- noon. The weather was good when the marchers first strode forth, but nearly all of them were soak- ing wet long before they reached the end of ihe route. Units from throughput the na- tion joined the procession and four jet airplanes roared overhead. Youthful buglers tooted manfully as raindrops pelted their instru- ments and beat an unscheduled tattoo on the drums. One South Carolina unit, fed up with squeak- ing, squishing shoes, pulled off the waterlogged brogans during a halt and tramped the rest of the route By JOE HALL barefoot WASHINGTON Sen. Aikcn Business Side (R-Vt) said today he has about j Qn the more businesslike side, j decided to take one of the vacant two encampment committees ap-1 places on the powerful Senate For-1 proved a resolution calling upon eign Relations' Committee in the, the United States to oppose entry forts to settle their get Britain and Iran cent hourly pay increase, but ir differences. The lack of j reduees the work week to oil sales for the past two years has hours. Union spokesmen estimated deprived the Iranian government that employes who do not work of what had been its greatest j any overtime will actually receive source of revenue. 514 per cent less pay under the Several Proposals I new contract. Some workers are The Eisenhower administration j guaranteed overtime, sponsored several proposals last The workers are represented by February. Under these proposals, the AFL Bartenders; Cooks, Wait the United States would have put ers and Waitresses; and Miscel- up more than 100 million dollars lancous Workers Unions, against future oil purchases and i Hotels involved were the Nicollet, would have joined with Britain in) Curtis. Leamington, Dyckman, An- arranging for marketing oil, pro- Continental, Minnesotan, vided Iran and Britain would agree Normandy, Sheridan, Plaza and on a formula of compensation for Hampshire Arms. the nationalized companies. The strike had lasted through Rash of Trials The Communist hunger blockade and a rash of terror trials cut sharply today the rush of East Germans to receive free American food packages in West Berlin. Despite police threats and rain, hundreds of people from Soviet East Berlin still came over for aid as the giveaway swung into its 10th day and toward the million- and-a-half parcel mark. But the 18 million Germans in the rest of the Russian occupation zone were barred by a virtually airtight blockade on rail travel to Berlin imposed last weekend. Pro- test demonstrations against.the Mossadegh seemed cooperative the Minneapolis Aquatennial, 10- travel ban were put down by Ger- at one point but later backed! day annual summer festival, and man Communist police. away. Such hope as there is rests! most of the five-day state Ameri- The Communist government on the admittedly slight possibility can Legion convention. Hotels added terror with a series of that Mossadegh and the British might still be able to get together. claimed they maintained normal room operation during the strike. ussia Renews Plea For New World Talks next session of Congress. i of Red China into the United Na- This appeared to make it vir-jtions. The measure, to be present- luallv certain the two openings I cd to a general session today, de- would "0 to Son. Capehart (R-Ind) clares the United States should and either Aiken or Sen. Flanders withdraw from the U.N. if Red (R-Vt) I China gains entry. r-! The VFW Ladies Auxiliarv plan- aid program this year. Aiken Flanders have supported -the ad- ministration's foreign programs generally. The foreign relations groi'D will have a particularly important role to play in the session beginning next Jan. 6. The Mutual Security Act, under which overseas military and eco- nomic assistance is authorized, ex- pires next June 30. It will be up! to the committee, along with itsi House counterpart, to make the initial decision as to whether to extend it. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly MOSCOW Soviet Union announced today it is ready for a Big Four meeting on Germany but differed with the West on what should be discussed. In identical notes to the United States, Britain and France, the Russians also renewed their long- standing proposal for a big power Communist Chi- other problems threatening world peace. eign ministers. "It goes without saying that a possible successful solution of the German problem could also help a solution of the Austrian ques- tion the latest note said. (In Washington, State .Depart- ment officials said the Soviet note was under study. These officials said they welcomed the Russian acceptance but that some of the conditions laid down by the Rus- I sians might be unacceptable to the The three Western ministers, aft-1 West. They expressed particular er their Washington meeting, had concern over the suggestion that proposed July 15 that Soviet For- eign Minister V. M. Molotov meet cloudv tonight and Thursday. Lo- j with them to discuss an Austrian thundershowers late tonight and I independence treaty and, for Ger- cal Red China be brought into future talks.) drumhead trials to punish people who had come to Berlin to fetch the "American Judas parcels" last week. Communist papers printed long "blacklists" of East German reliefers, sometimes with pictures, denouncing them as "traitors and provocateurs." Red Press Silent The Communist press was stonily silent about the United States offer to release of frozen East German funds in American banks if it is used only to buy food for the Soviet zone. But the Communist party's Cen- tral Committee indirectly answered even without attempting to j implement free discussion of ripe international the note said. The note charged the Western invitation "ignored the necessity to settle the basic problems" of Ger- many, which the Russians termed "the" realization of the national unity of Germany and the conclu- sion of a peace treaty." The Western call for discussions on "organization of free (German) Proposing a separate and wider I said the Russians, hle matter to ca unerso Thursday. No important tempera- many the gamzation rf f ree j seek, conference of foreign ministers to "reduces the whole matter to mtonatonal lengthy dlscussions on wheth Thursday 82 r plpr'tinnc: ard thp establishment of i tension, the Russian nun, Low tonight 64, should be discussed and nhe jor should not be investigated by LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 76; minimum, 63; The vacancies on the Senate! noon, 75: precipitation, none; sun group are caused by the recent sets tonight at sun rises to- deaths of Senators Robert A. Taft (R-Ohio) and Charles W. Tobey A decision by Aiken to go on the committee would have the ef- fect of shutting out Flanders, who also has expressed keen interest in the post. The committee posts probably will not be filled again until Jan- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Maximum temperature 73 at p. m. Tuesday; low at a. m. today, 61. Noon ture 71; overcast at feet; vis- ibility 15 miles. Wind is from the east at three miles per hour; the barometer is steady at 30.10, and the humidity is 81 per cent. Peo- i certain foreign oo 1. "Measures to decrease ten- sion in international relations." 2, "The German problem includ- ing the problem of re-establish- ment of German unity and the con- clusion of a peace treaty." now justly demand the ures being taken for the militanza- establishment of their legal rights j tion of Western Germany, but in all international the j said despite these "considera- Kremlin declared. the Soviet government at- The note repeated charges pre- taches great importance to a joint viously made in the Russian press I examination of the German prpb- The Soviets said they had voiced that ihe July conference of the lem and hopes such a discussion ir, Three foreign masters had will make it possible to examine made "preliminary agreements" thoroughly the problems concerned can have a negative in- with the re-establishment of Ger- their attitude on Austria in a note July 30 to the Western Powers, in which they asked the West to drop the "short form" treaty it, iiul_utl_ uii -T1___ i.._o___ has proposed and return to nego- thT'conference' of'the foreign min- tlement of the problem of a peace which t-au. u- fluence on the whole progress of man unity which together with set- tiations on the detailed draft long isters of the four powers." under discussion by deputy for- "Such a conclusion is naturally treaty with Germany will help to consolidate peace in Europe." Dulles Outlines Peace Plan to ROK President By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN SEOUL S. Secretary of State Dulles today delivered an oral message from President Ei- senhower to President Syngman Rhee and reached quick agreement with the fiery South Korean leader on the ground they will cover in vital post-armistice talks. Emerging from an hour and 50 minute visit with Rhee, Dulles told 1 newsmen the session "went veryj well-equipped and any of the sur- vivors who reached them, would be safe until rescuers arrive. The meager reports received here indicated that, the men para- chuted from the huge bomber, world's largest plane in regular operation, at feet, Reconnaissance Venion The 10-engine plane, a reconnais- sance version of the atom-bomb- carrying B36, was en route from Travis Air Force Base in California to England on a training mission. The U.S. Air Force Aircraft Con- trol Center in suburban Ruislip said there were nine officers and 14 airmen aboard. First indication of trouble shortly after 9 p.m., CST Tuesday when the plane reported that an en- gine was on fire. The RB36 has six gasoline piston engines and four jets. Nineteen minutes later the pilot messaged Ruislip that the blaze was out of control and "we well We had a good prelim- 'Blue Angel' Bails Out at Feet PICKENS, Miss. A jet pilot of the Navy's famed "Blue out at feet over this central Mississippi city Tuesday and "blacked out" three times before he landed. Lt. Cmdr. Ray Hawkins, 28, of Corpus Christi, Tex., was taken to the Naval Air Station at Memphis. He 'suffered minor rib injuries. A Navy spokesman said Hawk- ins' plane "went out of control." He did not elaborate. He was ferrying a new type jet ing Dulles visit i from Sewart Air Force Base at S.American economic aid to Smyrna Tenn., to the Naval Air South Korea, 200 million dollars j of which was approved by gress last week. Dulles said he would call on Rhee daily until Saturday, with the next meeting set for 10 a. m. Thursday (8 p.m. Wednesday, Meantime, members of his party will meet with South Korean gov- ernment officials to work out de- tails of the policy issues. inary talk and agreed on topics to be discussed." Dulles did not disclose the nature of the message he brought from Eisenhower. But he told reporters he and Rhee agreed to discuss these points at their four-day con- ference which may determine if the Korean truce becomes lasting peace: 1. The Korean political confer- ence which, by terms of the stice, must be held by late October and, presumably, the joint U. S.- Korean stand which will be taken there. 2. A mutual security pact be- tween the United States and South Korea which may be drafted dur- I miles north of Pickens. The crash- ed plane was not located imme- diately. The "Blue Angels" appeared in Winona at the dedication of the Winona Municipal Airport on June 19, 1949. At that time Lt. Cmdr. Hawkins was not a member of the team. 2 B47s Fly Non-Stop From England to U.S. Sen. William F. Knowland of California smiled broadly in Washington after he was elect- ed Republican leader in the Senate as successor to Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio, by a vote of GOP senators meeting in a party caucus. fAP Wire- photo) MACDILL AFB TAMPA, Fla.lffl Air Force B47s flew non- stop from England to Florida and Georgia Tuesday in a dramatic demonstration of the tremendous range of the world's fastest known atomic bomber. They were the longest known point-to-point flights by jet bomb- ers, and the longest jet transat- lantic hops. One B47 flew miles from Fairford, England, to Tampa in 9 hours and 53 minutes. Part of the flight was at an altitude feet. The average speed if38 454 miles an hour. The other Stratojet alio was scheduled to fly directly to Tampa, but because of a fuel shortige put down instead at Hunder ff B, Sa- vannah, Ga., after a flight of 9 hours, 26% minutes from Tairford. Its average speed for the miles was 440 miles an hour. Both planes also set new speed marks in flying to England last week.