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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 4, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Clearing and Cooler Tonight; Fair Tuesday Read 'Eisenhower' By John Gunther Page 1 Today VOLUME 52, NO. 143 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, AUGUST 4, 1952 EIGHTEEN PAGES EISENHOWER- BY JOHN GUNTHER Move to Elect Ike Spread Like Fire (In this, the third in a series of IS articles, Mr. Gunther tells why Eisenhower refused to throw his hat into the presidential ring in 1947-48, and how he has accepted the 1952 boom.) The iirst Eisenhower boom started in the summer of 1947, though he had several times been mentioned for the presidency before that. What set it off was Eisenhower's announcement in June that he would retire as chief of staff and go to Columbia. The movement to make him president spread like a fire, various polls showed that Eisenhower had an immense lead over Truman or any Republican; one disclosed that of the people favoring him, 58 per TODAY Me Carthy Problem For Ike cent did not know whether he was a Republican or Democrat. The standpat Republicans and organiza- tion dinosaurs were terrified. Dewey, Taft, and other candidates had the nightmare that Eisenhower might stampede the convention. On the Democratic side the full impetus of Eisenhower sentiment did not develop till later in 1948. General Reaction j Eisenhower's own reaction to the 1947-1948 boom was in keeping j with his impulses at the time. He [tried to ignore the whole thing. j One of his few pronouncements Jy JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP 1 was, "I haven't the effrontery to WASHINGTON __ A great many j say I would not be President. No voters perhaps enough to has asked me." He did not mine the outcome of the election j know what to do. Yet he felt if the anxiously awaiting the an- j huge majority of the people in- swer to a simple question. What is j sisted on calling him, he could not Navy Plane Hit Over Yellow Sea WASHINGTON The Navy reported today that one of its patrol planes fought off two Rus- i sian built MIG jet fighters over j the Yellow Sea Sunday, and re- turned to its base in Korea. Two of its crew were killed and two were wounded in the fight. The Navy said the plane, a Mar- tin Mariner, was on routine pa- trol over the sea area west of Korea when it was attacked by two Chinese Communist MIG-15" fighters. In a running figiit, the American plane, a 200-mile-an-hour flying boat, was damaged but was able to limp to the west coast of Korea where it received spot repairs be-1 The fore proceeding to Iwakuni in Japan. Stevenson Sees GOP Split on Foreign Policy Cites Differences Between Bricker and Eisenhower COLUMBUS, O. Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Illinois messaged Ohio Democrats today the Repub- lican party is "split down the cen- ter" in a "contortion of bitter di- vision" Makes Mossadegh Dictator By NATE POLOWETZKY I" iiiu LUC VjUt i w j uu..-.u .mv J _r c j. Dwisht D Eisenhower going have the presumption to refuse to six months was ready for Senate en. Jo- serve. "No man could be that action today after winning over- TEHRAN, Iran A bill to make Premier Mohammed Mossa- Segh virtual dictator of Iran for to do about Wisconsin's Sen. Jo- serve. "No R McCarthy" He said once, "What kind I whelming approval in the lower R McCarthy" van e sa once, a n Eisenhower and his chief advis-iof a democracy is it if the people house of the Iranian Parliament. ers according to Republican lead- 1 of this country can't get what they j All but one or two of the 68 depu- ers' close to the Eisenhower high do ties in the lower house (the Maj- e: GTS command, have now agreed on at least a tentative ;mswer. The Eis- enhower plan for dealing with Mc- Carthy and McCarthyism starts with a major speech early in the campaign. In this speech, Eisen- hower will warn solemnly of the dangers of internal subversion and Communist infiltration into the government. But at the same time he will also voice an equally sol- emn warning of the dangers of in- discriminate hate-mongering and character assassination. He will not mention McCarthy by name, but his meaning will be clear enough. It will become clear- er as time goes on, in that Eisen- hower does not intend, according to this present plan, to appear at all in McCarthy's native Wiscon- sin Eisenhower also at present does not plan to appear in Indi- ana, where Sen. William Jenner is running for re-election. The reason Jenner, among sev- eral other cut-rate McCarthy's, has also been chosen to receive the silent treatment from Eisen- hower, is rather obvious. McCar- thy has as much as said that Gen. George Marshall is a traitor, while Jenner has said it outright, call- ing living lie" and a frtnt man for traitors." Marshall is, of course, deeply admired and respected by Eisenhower, who per- haps owes more to Marshall than to any other man. The silent treatment for McCar- thy and Jenner is only the first part of this plan, however. The second part is to'do everything possible, from personal appeal to public endorsement, to appease the extreme right wing of the party. Thus Sen. Everett Dirksen, the protege of Chicago's Col. Robert R. McCormick, has been invited to take his place in the inner Eisen- hower circle. Some Appeasement Dirksen bitterly attacked Gov. Thomas E. Dewey, and by implica- tion the whole moderate wing of the Republican party, at the recent convention. He used an unpleasant mixture of McCarthyism and phony evangelism in his election campaign in 1950. Wisconsin's pow- erful Tom Coleman, a chief Mc- Carthy backer, is also to be ap- peased. Wayne J. Hood, a Cole- man aide, and a McCarthy man, has been made executive director of the Republican National Com- mittee. Meanwhile, the vice-presidential nominee, Sen. Richard Nixon, has been given the special assignment of binding up the wounds inflict- ed on the right wing of the party at the convention. Nixon set to with a will at the recent convention in Sen. Robert A. Taft's native Ohio, distributing handsome compli- ments wholesale to the Taftites present. Finally, Sen. Taft himself has agreed to take a major part in the campaign, making a num- ber of important speeches. In short, the intention is to try to isolate McCarthy and Jenner only, and to unite the rest of the party firmly behind Eisenhower. It remains to be seen whether the plan will work. The Eisenhower managers are certainly wise to avoid the mistake made by Wen- dell Willkie, who conspicuously snubbed the regular leaders. and leaned heavily on his amateur ad- mirers, undoubtedly losing hun- dreds of thousands of votes in the process. Certainly, if Eisenhower is to win, the regular organization work- ers, most of whom were Taft men before the convention, must be persuaded to work hard and en- thusiastically for Eisenhower. The trouble is that, despite the sur- face show of amity, many of these people are still bitter about what happened in Chicago. Any devia- tion by Eisenhower from the true faith of "anti me-too" Republican- ism will increase this bitterness. Sen. McCarthy, moreover, espe- cially since he was invited' by the (Continued on Page 5, Column 7) ALSOPS Confusion went on till Jjm. 22, 1948, when the general released a letter to Leonard V. Finder, pub- lisher of the Manchester (New lis) yesterday rose to affirm the far reaching measure when it came up for a standing vote on its third and final reading. The same Hampshire) Evening Leader de-ifavorable reaction is expected dining to allow his name to be j from the Senate. used as Republican candidate in the New Hampshire primaries. In the light of today several pas- sages from this letter have consid- erable importance: I have hitherto refrain- ed from making the bald state- ment that I would not accept nomination, although this has been my intention since the subject was first mentioned to me. This omission seems to have been a mistake, since it has in- advertently misled sincere and disinterested Americans. But my reticence stemmed from cogent reasons. The first was that such an expression would smack of effrontery. .A sec- ond and even deeper reason was a persistent doubt that I could phrase a flat refusal without appearing to violate that concept of duty which calls upon every good citizen to place no limitation upon his readiness to serve in any des- ignated capacity. It is my conviction that the necessary and wise subordina- tion of the military to civil power will be best sustained, and our people will have great- er confidence that it is so sus- tained, when lifelong profes- sional soldiers, in the absence of some obvious and overrid- ing reasons, abstain from seek- ing higher political office. Politics is a profession; a se- rious, complicated, and in its true sense a noble one. In the American scene I see no dearth of men fitted by train- ing, talent, and integrity for national leadership. On the oth- er hand, nothing in the inter- national or domestic situation especially qualifies for the most important office in the world a man whose adult years have been spent in the country's military forces. At least, this is true in my case In any case, my decision to remove myself completely from the political scene is defi- nite and positive. In a no-holds-barred campaign, Then the aged Premier will have a free hand to govern by decree and push through a drastic pro- gram he says is needed to ease the country through its present economic crisis-. Iran has been headed for bankruptcy since her giant British-run oil industry was nationalized last year and produc- tion fizzled out. Unlimited Power Though the bill gives Mossadegh unlimited power over nearly every phase of Iranian life for the next six months, his actions come up for parliamentary review at the end of the period. Strong backing for Mossadegh was reflected also yesterday in the quick passage of a bill to confis- cate the multi-million-dollar prop- erties of his political rival, Ahmed Qavam. His whereabouts have been unknown since wildly dem- onstrating Mossadegh followers forced him out of the premiership two weeks ago. The bill calls for Qavam's for- by some lawmak- ers at about 16 million be divided among the survivors of persons killed in the street fighting which resulted in his overthrow. Mossadegh has said his reform program will include sweeping new taxes, banking controls, work projects and resumption of oil pro- duction. Ouster Demanded In yesterday's debate, Majlis deputies loudly demanded anew the ouster of American Military and Technical Aid Mission in Iran. The Premier's son, Dr. Gholam Hussein Mossadegh, was reported to have called off plans to visit the United States soon as a guest of the State Department. No reason was given. The semi official newspaper Bakhtar Emroos said yesterday that Shah Mohammed Reza Pah- levi was sending his family out of the country to "remove misunder- standing." The paper obviously re- ferred to declarations by Mossa- degh supporters that some mem- this letter haunt Eisenhow- may (Continued on Page 5, Column 2) EISENHOWER utKU auiJUUlLCia uiaL aumc aucm- bers of'the royal household have day, _ at a.m today opposed the Premier. The paper's statement coincided with an announcement that the Shah's twin sister, Princess Ashraf and her three children had left Tehran by plane. about foreign policy. Democratic __ presidential nominee cited foreign policy dif- ferences between Republican Sen. John W. Bricker of Ohio and Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, the GOP standard bearer. Although he did not mention Ericker by name, Stevenson said the Ohio senator has "chiefly dis- tinguished himself" by being against the foreign policy position of Gen. Eisenhower. Stevenson said Michael V. Di- Salle. former price stabilizer who is opposing Bricker for his Senate seat, is close to Gen. Eisenhower's foreign policy views. Message Ready Gov. Stevenson's message was prepared for reading to the Ohio Democratic convention, opening today in Columbus' Memorial Hall. Bricker, who backed Ohio Sen. Robert' A. Taft against Gen. Eisen- hower for the GOP presidential nomination, told a reporter when informed of Gov. Stevenson's state- ment: "He (Stevenson) might do well to concern himself with the split in bis own party. The Republican party is more nearly united than the New Deal party." Stevenson told Ohio democrats they have a "special responsibil- ity" to keep Democratic Gov. Frank J. Lausche in Ohio and to send DiSalle to Washington. He said Lausche has "given Ohio a decent, progressive, effect- ive state I think I have learned something of how important and how difficult it is." Lausche and DiSalle are sched- uled to address the convention tonight. Lt. Gov. Gerge D. Nye was slated to give the keynote address this morning. Contrasting with the Republican split, Stevenson said, is a Demo- cratic party "united, determined and aggressive as seldom before." Cites Depression He told the Ohio Democrat- ic delegates the American people must decide whether to entrust foreign policy based on co-opera- tion among free nations to the party "which has created and cherished that to the party which has opposed that pol- icy and is today split down the center in a contortion of bitter division about it." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Clearing and cooler tonight. Tuesday fair and not so cool. Low tonight 55, high Tuesday 80. LOCAL WEATHER, Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday. Maximum, 93; minimum, 67; noon, 83; precipitation, None. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 83; minimum, 60; noon, 60; precipitation, .93; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) Max. temp, 77 at p.m. Sun- Texas This Wai The Early Morning Scene on U.S. Highway 81, just south of Waco, Tex., today after two Greyhound buses met head- on and both vehicles burned. Firemen and rescue workers went through the wreckage for victims. At least 28 are known to dead. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Victims Trapped In Burning Buses After Collision Many Soldiers Believed Among Charred Bodies This Picture Shows an exterior view of one of the Southwest Greyhound buses involved in a head- on crash just south of Waco, Tex., early today. Noon readings Wind 15 miles from west, northwest. Clouds feet, overcast, visibility eight miles, humidity 98, barometer 29.86. ris- ing. Additional weather on Page 9. Sen. Everett M. Dirksen of Illinois who supported Sen. Robert Taft for the Republican presidential nomination, shakes hands with Gen. Dwight Eisenhower, the man who beat Dirksen's favorite, at Eisenhower's Denver headquarters in Denver. Dirksen said he would stump "with vigor" for Ike. Pleased participants are Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge (center) of Massachusetts and Sen. Richard Nixon (right) of California, Republi- can vice presidential candidate, (AP Wirephoto) Truman Ends Vacation in Kansas City By ERNEST B. VACCARO KANSAS CITY UP) President Truman today rounded out the last day of a restful vacation before flying back to Washington to get ready for the fall election cam- paign as "just a buck private in the rear ranks." That was the way he described himself to a friend who inquired about his plans in the Stevenson- Sparkman campaign. Truman is awaiting word from Adlai Stevenson, the new Demo- cratic presidential nominee, as to the part he will play for.Stevenson and his running mate, Sen. John J. Sparkman of Alabama. Truman looked fit after ten days at home during which he has car- ried on routine White House busi- ness but freed himself of much of the Washington strain. He will fly back to Washington tomorrow. Before doing so, he will vote for State Atty. Gen. J. E. (Buck) Taylor in the race for the Democratic nomination for the Sen- ate seat now held by Republican James P. Kem. Kem is an out- spoken foe of Truman policies. Taylor is opposed by Stuart Symington, Truman's own former secretary of the Air Force and RFC cleanup administrator. The President's close friends here say that the odds favor Sym- ington over Taylor. j Four Charged With I Robbery of Couple Milwaukee- ans and a Marathon County man were charged today with the brutal robbery of an aged couple near Mosinee 10 days ago. Accused of breaking and enter- ing and of armed robbery were Edward Werchowski, 39; LeRoy Miller, 20; and Felix Wendt, 37, all of Milwaukee, and Peter Grab- ko, 24, of Hadley. They will be arraigned in County Court late today. The four are charged with break- ing into the Leo Zmycwski farm WACO, Tex. Greyhound buses collided head-on today, erupt- ed into flames, and became funeral t pyres for at least 28 persons. The toll may go to 33. The big vehicles smashed togeth- er seven miles south of here just before dawn. A death count was difficult be- cause many bodies were so badly burned they fell to pieces. Funeral homes which bad reported 34 bodies at 8 a.m. (CST) revised the total down io 28 two hours later. Many servicemen returning to their bases from weekend leaves were among the dead and injured. Twenty-four passengers were brought to Waco hospitals, many critically hurt. Five of the 57 pas- sengers were missing. Almost Rubbish The buses themselves burned al- most io rubbish. Burned shoes, parts of purses and their scorched contents, luggage tags and other clues to identity of the victims were sifted from the blackened wreckage. Survivors told of the gray-dawn horror when the buses met at about 4 a.m. (DST) on Highway 81, heavily traveled route between Dallas and the state capital at Austin. Authorities were at a loss to ex- plain the accident, which may have occurred on a straight stretch of WASHINGTON Air Force i highway. general and a psychology professor j The south-bound bus carrying 37 both discounted flying saucer re-j persons had en route to ports, but the nation's capital still buzzed with them over the week- Rescue workers probe through the still smoldering wreckage for victims. (AP Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald) Capital Buzzes With New Flying Saucer Reports Brownsville at Texas' southern tip. The north-bound bus was about to end. home and beating 70-year-old Mrs. I The Rev. Edward B j reach Waco. Lewis of! Drivers Killed Nellie Zmyewski to make her tell where the couple's money was hid- convinced and saved them Mrs. there Zmyewski was none in her dress. Red Wing Woman Faces Arraignment On Slaying Charge MUNICH. Germany teen- age American mother two baby Washington's Union Methodist; The drivers were both Church drew a moral from it all. is a good id Su M. D. Herring of Waco, who had i wheel of the north-bound vehicle, day from his pulpit to have some- M f w of thing happening like flying sau- j ysouth.bound bus. cers' that demands that people j chief Jcsse Gunterman look up and study some of Herrmg had just the wonders of nature. crest of a slight hill "If we can get excited about the eternal truths of the grace of God, It was on the same highway earlv 1928 that ten members of the then we can learn how to live University basketball team nally and still be interested in such Of were killed in a bus-train things as flying saucers." collision. Maj. Gen. Roger M. Ramey. who heads the Air Force's investigation of the current rash of reports, said six years of study has convinced That accident occurred near Round Rock, Tex., considerably to the south of today's crash. With many of the injured in crit- him "reasonably well" there is nojical condition, it appeared the ac- such thing. daughters, Mrs. Martha Wage, 19, Dr. Jessie Sprowls, professor of of Red Wing, Minn., today faced abnormal psychology at the Uni arraignment on charges of slaying her husband, Dan, a staff sergeant. The young mother wept hysteri- cally at funeral services for the slain sergeant. "I love him." she sobbed, "I didn't mean to kill him." In a written statement after the killing a week ago, she said she accidentally shot him after he had brought a German girl home with him and said, "Look what I have here." Friends are caring for the two children, one IS months old and the other three months. versity of Maryland, apologized for his grammar but said flying sau- cers "just ain't there." But within hours after Gen. Ra- mey made his the CBS television show "Man of the Week" started ringing at newspapers and TV stations in Washington. The callers said they had seen a light shoot through the sky across the capital about 8 p.m. (EST) yesterday. The Washington Nation- al Airport's radar team reported it had picked up no unidentified ob- jects around that time. cident may be recorded as Texas' worst. The record number killed in a traffic accident in the Lone Star State is Latin American citrus workers who died in a truck- train collision in March, 1940, near Alamo in South Texas. Scene Horrible, Eyewitness Says WACO, Tex. was horrible. People were screaming and knock- ing each other down trying to get out. They couldn't find the exit door. "It sounded like thunder. It (Continued on Page 10, Column 4) BUS CRASH ;