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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 2, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight; Thundershowers Sunday Afternoon Read 'Eisenhower' By John Gunther Page 1 Today VOLUME 52, NO. 142 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, AUGUST 2, 1952 FOURTEEN PAGES By JOHN GUNTHER Ike ToU He Not Stop '52 Boom SHAPE was what Eisenhower promised Truman. But events came too fast. By December, 1951, it was clear that the general would have to commit himself very soon, or lose his chance. Senators like Duff and Lodge went all the way out on a limb for him. Campaign headquarters were set -up in various states. Emissaries who visited the general in Paris told him that he could no more stop the boom than wipe up the Seine with a sponge. When on Oct. 25, 1951, the New York Herald Tribune came out editorially for the general, Mr. Truman said at once that the newspaper had picked "a fine man." This should not surprise people. Mr. Truman is a patriot. As a good American, he wants the Republi- can party to have a good can- didate, if he cannot get him for the Democrats. Moreover, he is very fond of Eisenhower personally. TODAY Stevenson Did 'Connive t By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON "No man could be wise old Sen. Ar- thur Vandenberg used to say, when he himself was being promoted for the Republican nomination in 1948, "without conniving." He meant, of course, that no man can get his On Nov. 1, 1951, the White House announced that Mr. Truman had i summoned Eisenhower home for "military talks." The general ar- rived in Washington on Nov. 4, and stayed there for less than 60 hours. The country erupted with specu- political Famous Announcement Eisenhower gave a press confer- ence just before returning to Par- is and continued to leave the door open on the presidency. When questioned as to whether Sen. Duff had been authorized to work for him. he replied, "If I have friends I that party's nod without some sort of seen my friends so long p they believe they know how I would prior commitment to his party s act and react under given condi. key chieftain. The Vandenberg rule tJ0nS) thdr own business held true in his own case, as it and nave never attempted to in. >1QC1 hpfnrp j r___ __ i almost always had before. Did Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Il- linois "connive" in order to get citizen." Also: "If the time ever terfere with any man exercising his own privileges as an American This Little Miss, wearing only the traditional three-cornered pants common to the 20-month- old age class, wears a police- man's oversize sweater and hat after she was found alone in a furnished apartment in Philadelphia. Police said there was no immediate clue to the identity of the tot's parents. (AP Wirephoto) Truman Ratifies West German Republic Pact New High in Living Costs Seen for U. S. Price Stabilizer Blames Republicans For Hurting Curbs WASHINGTON W) Govern- ment stabilization chiefs look for the over-all cost of living to hit another new high later this month. "The ugly picture of rising prices is plain to anyone with a desire to see Price Stabilizer Ellis Arnall said. His comment last night followed a bureau of Labor Statistics re- port that food prices have jumped to a new 1.2 per cent for the two-week period ended July 15 and almost 16 per cent above June 1950 when the Korean fight- ling began. Food makes up about j a third of the average urban fam- j ily's budget. Republicans were blamed by Economic Stabilizer Roger.L. Put- uperior-Huron ana I -J the Democratic nomination? This seems a good time to ask this question. A good many peo- ple are saying that Stevenson won the nomination in a particularly wily maneuver, and a good many more people are likely to say so before the presidential campaign ends. Sen. Paul Douglas, for ex- ample, has pictured the Stevenson draft as an exercise in "planned and Republican na- tional committee chairman Arthur Summerfield charges that Steven- comes when I feel that my duty compels me to say a word of any kind, I will say it and it will jnam. i "There's no question that the j cost of living is going to rise some- what and that the 82nd Congress (only recently adjourned) did curb our Putnam said in a radio broadcast. i ''There's just no question that the Republican party was voting KANSAS CITY W cripple controls. The Democrats Truman today ratified the agree-1 were fighting to keep the power of ment setting up a Free West I controls where they're needed." German Republic. The report, Arnall told a reporter be stated positively and definitely. Iirst nation jatify documents The United States became the shows the public can expect "rising I hope that's very clear." son is the hand-picked candi- The Dcmocrals have been in date of President Truman. In i power for 20 long enough. short, the Stevenson draft was sup- j People want a change carrying out this action, which abolished the existing three high L t u 1ot I commissioners of the United States think that he would necessarily be ancj jts aiijes 1 president. Those who ar-1 The President signed the neces- think the opposite have sev-1 sa documents in his penthouse eral counterpoints to offer. 1. He is not a politician, and the country is mortally sick of po- liticians. He is decent and en- lightened. prices, higher living costs, further depreciation of the dollar; and few- er airplanes, tanks, guns and equip- ment for the amount of money we are spending for national defense." He added: j "The constant increase in living suite at the Hotel Muehlebach here. I costs, especially the steady rise j In a statement the the cost of food, is a strong! Officials Check Loss Caused by Opening of Gates Experts Disagree On Tide Damage In Lower -Areas The Driver Of This Car apparently escaped with only cuts and bruises in a collision with a cattle truck near Eyota this morning. The driver, Stanley Peterson, Red Wing, is hospitalized at posedly put over, with Stevenson's j knowledge, consent and secret co-' operation, by Truman and a hand- ful of powerful professionals. Far From Truth In fact, this is so far from the truth that both Truman and the said: "Ratification of .these instru- ments represents the latest in a long series efforts on the part of this government to establish long iand friendly relations between the 3. Though not a professional po-! United States and Germany. Rat- litician, he is a genius at personal jification is also a further step relationship. If his military career has shown only one thing, it is his consummate ability to create a good team and make it work to- gether. Nor did he ever abuse the professionals, like Col. Jacob Ar-1 vast and unprecendented powers he vey of Illinois, actually gave up on Stevenson before the convention was called to order. Tremendous pressure was brought to beav on Stevenson by these men, not to be- come an active candidate, but sim had. Personal Standards High 4. His personal standards are high to the point of austerity. He is an absolutely honest man. to ward...assuring .of. Western Europe and the whole North Atlantic area." The President pointed out that the Senate, in approving the agree- ment, emphasized the constitutional procedures of this government in a special interpretation. interpretation" the Presi- dent declared, "refers only to in- ternational relationships between the component parts of the United argument against those siren voices among the business commu- j nity who have been telling Con-1 gress and the people that .the need for concern about the cost of living is over." Meanwhile, government officials estimated that increased ceiling prices -on .Aluminum, scheduled to be ordered "Monday will boost na- jtional defense costs by from 15 to 20 million dollars. j Arnall's previous estimate that j the recent increase in steel prices j will add a year to the average living cost of the American family was challenged by Ernest T. Weir, chairman of the National Steel Corp., the country's fifth largest steel producer. U.N. Forces Holding on ToOfdBaldy By The Associated Press The director of Michigan's Wa- terways Commission flew to the St. Mary's River today to survey a flood caused by the opening of 15 to 16 gates in a compensating dam between Lake Superior and Lake Huron. As Bert Robb. the commission director took off in a state plane from Detroit, there was sharp dis- agreement between state and fed- eral officials on what effects the gashing tide from Lake Superior would have on the lower Great Lakes. Appeal Made Gov. G. Mennen Williams ap- pealed to Washington authorities to- designate shore of the St. Ma- ry's from Whitefish -.Point to Lake i Huron as a disaster area. This j would permit residents to borrow 'from the Reconstruction Corporation to repair damages. i Williams also predicted that I increased flow, designed to lower [Lake Superior levels, ultimately I would cause "tremendous" proper- ty damage along the lower Lakes, I which already are at or near rec- iord highs. j The gates were ordered lowered j by the International Joint Commis- EYOTA, Minn. An automobile was virtually sheared in sion- made UP of Canadian and Rochester where preliminary examinations re- vealed no fractures. None of the three occupanis of the truck involved in the crash was injured. (Republican-Herald photo) Truck Smashes Car Fog Near Eyota j half but its driver miraculously escaped death in a collision with a SEOUL, Korea i.fl United Na-1 semi-trailer near here this morning. Superior SakeXluse had risen in recent _jy pass that he would 5. The best people in America i States government and does not Weir said that if the industry run if nominated. iare his fr'ends> and he would j affect American obligations or! operates at capacity during the 'Almost tearfully, Arvey pleaded choose a first-class cabinet. j those of other signatory states. with Stevenson to allow him to pass this word. When Arvey's ef- forts were unavailing, Truman dispatched Democratic Chairman Frank McKinney to Illinois to try again. Various other leaders, like Gov. Paul Dever of Massachusetts and Mayor David Lawrence of Pittsburgh, also tried to get Stev- enson to make this simple com- 6. The country needs unity above "Furthermore, the interpretation all at the moment, and Eisenhower, does not in any way lessen the who is by far the most popular living American, would become a symbol of national unity. 7. Above all consider his record as an organizer, a doer. He cross- ed the channel with the greatest military force ever assembled, Pushed the Germans out of France, mitment. And finally, shortly be- j and won the war- fore the convention, Samuel Car- 1 8. He has great experience in dinal Stritch of Chicago saw Stev- international affairs, a'nd a sound, enson in order to assure him that intimate grasp of world problems. his divorce was no bar to his He is certainly not an appeaser, candidacy. but he stands for peace. determination of the United States to carry out its commitments. "This convention does not in my opinion grant to the President any new legislative authority, nor does the interpretation adopted by the Senate increase or diminish the powers the President has under the Constitution." ticns infantrymen on top of Old! Olmsted County Sheriff Gerald Cunningham, Rochester, who in-1 months to within fractions of a Baldy last night withstood a thun- i vestigated the accident said that the collision occurred during a dense of set joint derous shelling and beat back two I fog on Highway 14, one mile west, small Chinese counterattacks. j of here, at a.m. today. j The Communists hurled more Taken in an ambulance to a Ro-1 than rounds of artillery and Chester hospitarfor treatment of! next 12 months, the actual price mortar shells at the embattled hill j injuries suffered in the crash was j increase on steel will be "only (west of Chorwon on the Western j 24-year-old Stanley Peterson, 1425! about per family per year! spread over automobiles, washing machines, refrigerators, tin cans and everything else made of steel that the family buys." Arnall told a reporter he does not plan to resign next week. There have been reports that he would resign when President Truman re- turns from Missouri. E. Ave., Red Wing. Truck Driver Unhurt The driver of the stock truck, The U.S. Eighth Army said U.N. troops twice shoved back 50-man i Chinese attacks. Later, a huge j Buddy Maisel, 33, Stratford, la., searchlight picked up about 351 was uninjured as were his wife and W. Berlin Cops Alerted on Red Youth Invasion Chinese trying to sneak through their lines. A staff officer said 5-year-old son who were passengers BERLIN West Berlin police American-Canadian agreement. Lt. Col. John D. Bristor, Army i engineer for the Detroit district, said release of Lake Superior wa- ter at the current rais at Sault :St. Marie "will have practically I no effect on Lakes Huron and j Michigan and certainly none at Detroit." "The 15-inch rise." he contin- lued, "will stay at the Soo. Half jway down the St. Marys River it I will be only two or three inches. In Lakes Michigan and Huron it will be hardly measurable." in the "semi." All this effort was absolutely un- availing. As a result, Truman and the key leaders like Arvey reason- plenty of historical pre- no convention was going to nominate a man who might turn the nomination down. Truman therefore let it be known that Vice Alben Barkley Wcs "acceptable" to him. Arvey, Lawrence, and the other leaders also turned to Barkley. Arvey even telephoned Barkley in Kentucky a few days before the convention, to promise the vice president his sup port. Caught Flat-footed The plain fact is that Truman and the "bosses" who are ed to have maneuvered the Stev- enson draft were themselves caught flat-footed when it became clear that the convention wantec Stevenson and nobody else. In ef- fect, the professionals simply rush- ed to the head of the Stevenson parade which was already form- ing, and began frantically waving their banners. The only shadow of substance in the charge that Stevenson "con- nived" lies in the fact that he could have taken himself straight out, and that he never did so. In fact, he came very near to doing so on at least three occasions. The first time was just after President Truman's withdrawal, when Stev- enson wrote out in longhand his own version of Gen. Sherman's famous statement. He was only barely prevailed upon to keep it locked in his desk. The second time was shortly be- fore the Republican convention, when W. Averell Harriman's man- ager, Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr., al- most persuaded Stevenson to issue the withdrawal statement, and throw his whole weight behind his friend Harriman. And the third time was on the second day of the ;onvention, after the Illinois dele- gation had infuriated him by defy- flg his express wish not to support ais nomination. Stevenson tele- iContinued on Page 9, Column 3.) AUSOPS At any rate the Eisenhower en- thusiasts believe firmly that the general will sweep the country and make a superlative President. Monday: Eisenhower's reac- tions to presidential booms. U. S. Wins Team Olympics Honors i Robb, advised of Bristor's cora- I today alerted not squads to com-] ment replied sharply: "I have artillery killed 20. Machine) Examinations at the hospital re-1 bat a planned invasion of western (figures that disagree violently." gunners got seven more. j vealed that Peterson suffered head, j sectors by thousands of fanatical' Gov. Williams wired Bristor ._ i__ i "vigorously protesting" lowering of the 15 flood gates. He said shore residents along the St. Mary's were demanding immediate action to Old aldy, scene of bloody, see- j shoulder and leg lacerations and {Communist youths, saw fighting re- j bruises. Preliminary X-rays, how-1 The Communist press has egged failed to reveal any frac-ion Red Free Youth (FDJ) to rush to West Berlin Sun- By BEN PHLEGAR captured by the Allies in a 12-hour battle Frid'ay morning. The Com- munists had held its crest 10 days. Associated Press Correspondent Milo Farnoti said the Reds would have trouble moving supplies to- ward Old Baldy. All heavy duty j States clinched the unofficial team championships of the 1952 Olym- 101, Dies Pics today with a scoring outburst that carried them well ahead of SAN JOSE, Calif. Alva Cul-jthe erstwhile leader, Russia, ver, San Jose's oldest resident, With all points included except died yesterday at the age of 101. Culver had said his recipe No matter what the Soviet bridges on the Yokkok River on HELSINKI The United j making its first appearance in the the Chinese side of Old Baldy had long life was "hard work." He was 90 before he retired from ac- tive work as a carpenter. for events to be concluded either tonight or tomorrow, the U.S. forces had 557 with Russia, leader for the past 12 days, second at 529Vi world games, does in the remain- few events it can not dislodge the Red, White and Blue. I A clean sweep of the women's diving, in which Mrs. Pat McCor- mick of California registered a double, shot the Americans far to the front after tiny Ford Konno's victory in the meter free style swim had put the Americans ahead. been washed away by floods or tures. The accident site was on a curve just west of here. Sheriff Cunning- ham said that Peterson was driv- day to "demonstrate we are for peace.' stop flooding. 30 Homes Surrounded Victor Knox of Sault Ste. Marie, In whipping up enthusi-j speaker of the Michigan House of ing east and the truck was travel- jasm, the Communists have recall- 1 Representatives, told newsmen- ing when they met on the ed The sheriff said that evidence at bloody street fights on the "Possibly 30 permanent homes are surrounded bv water in the east largest shelling since July 18. They hurled rounds in the 124 hours up to 6 p.m. last night, 'an increase of more than rounds over the preceding 24 hours. Rain and heavy clouds moved in again on much of North Korea to- knocked clown by Allied shells. Ithe scene of the accident indicated Except at Old Baldy, ground that the truck struck the car on the fighting yesterday was relatively 'Ieft; rnwarri thp rpnv anri thst light. The Reds, however, stepped up their artillery and mortar bom- bardment of Allied positions along the 155-mile battle line with the are surroune v war boundaries a year ago m which end a'nd dcKvn more than 300 persons were injur- j road. The river is inadequate for ed. Western authorities alreadv have the impact was almost "As far as anv derails the demonstration, scned- far as any details regarding j this sudden narrow throat can't swallow it." Knox reported the ferry dock at Sault Ste. Marie, Ont., across the the cause of the crash are con- i to be held "J a Park river from the Michigan Soo, is Sheriff Cunningham de- the British sector, but the Com- under six inches of water, through clared. "it is just impossible at mumsts claim they not automobiles must drive to the present time to determine what told of the prohibition. the cause was." Sheriff Cunningham pointed out that the highway was shrouded by a relatively dense fog at the time of the crash and that this might i board the international ferry. day and tht air war drew to a 1 have been a contributing factor, halt after yesterday's brief spurt. I To Interview Drivers During the week, only one Al- lied plane was F80 Shoot Red youth leaders announced He said a causeway on Sugar Is- this morning the meeting would be j land is under water, hampering op- held as planned and that at least demonstrators would attend. erations of a Chippewa County ferry from the mainland. ing Star to Communist ground fire, the Fifth Air Force reported. U.N. jets shot down three MIG jets and damaged two yesterday in the only jet battle oC the week. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Generally fair tonight. Variable cloudiness Sunday with local thundershowers in afternoon. No important change, in temperature. Low tonight Approves West high Sunday 82. j _ _ LOCAL WEATHER Germany sovereignty Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: LONDON IB-Britain jouied the Vers Other evidence at the curve fail- j ed to give any reliable clues as to I the cause, however, said that a fuller The sheriff explanation would have to await interviews with the drivers of the two vehicles. Peterson was hurled out of the car by the impact and was lying in a ditch approximately 20 feet from the demolished c'ar when the first persons arrived at the acci- dent site. A nassing motorist notified the sheriff who, in turn, summoned an ambulance from Rochester. Maximum, 87; minimum, 66; noon, 84: precipitation, .07; sun U. -S. last night in approving the Allied contracts granting West. Cor- A Wing, Broken Segments of the fuselage and part of the tail of a Navy torpedo bomber are shown after it crashed northwest of Denver, Colo., Friday night. The three crew members, all from Salt Lake City, parachuted to safety after the engine of the plane caught fire near the end of a flight from Salt Lake City to Buckley Naval Air Station, east of Denver. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) sets tonight at sun rises to- maW "ear-compiete sovereignty morrow at the right to rearm for west- AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) Max. temp. 82 at p. m. Fri- day, Max. 61 at a. m. today. Noon Wind two miles per hour from southwest, clouds, and feet scattered, visibility 12 miles, humidity 82, barometer 29.96, steady. Additional weather on Page J. ern dei'ense. France and West Ger- many still must okay Uie meas- ures before they can become ef- fective. The House of Commons voted .93-253 to ratify the contracts, which will replace the occupation statutes under which West Ger- many now is governed. The House of Lords had given its assent Thursday. Ending A Record-Breaking distance flight on the last leg of their Atlantic crossing, two U.S. Sikorsky H-19 helicopters cross coastline of Scotland, near Ayrshire. Capping the first helicopter flight across the Atlantic, the Air Sea Rescue Squadron 'copters broke a distance record by flying the 850 miles from Keflavic, to Prestwick, Scotland. The hop-skip flight began at Westover, Air Force Base. The'giant "eggbeaters" will be attached to rescue squadron at Wiesbaden, Germany. (AP Wirephoto radio from London) ;