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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 1, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Thundershowers Tonight and Early Saturday 'EISENHOWER' By John Gunther Starts Today VOLUME 52, NO. 141 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, AUNNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, AUGUST 1, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES EISENHOWER- By JOHN GUNTHER Common Sense Helps Ike in Peace Efforts (In this, the first in a series of IS articles, Mr. Gunther out- lines Eisenhower's basic beliefs.) The presidency was one subject on which the fluent Eisenhower seldom spoke, except to those really intimate while at SHAPE. His aim had been to give SHAPE every- thing he had. Many Europeans felt that the general is so vital not merely as a leader but as a symbol that when he left, a serious letdown might come in the whole establish- ment, I asked one prominent French politician if he would prefer to have Eisenhower at SHAPE or in the White House. The answer was logical: "In the White House, of .course, because it is the White House that gives SHAPE If he can be presi- TODAY Reds Build A-Bomb Stockpile By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON existence of a Soviet stockpile of atomic bombs has now become an almost unmentionable subject. There was serious discussion of this sub- ject at all at the recent conven- tions, at one of which the next president of the United States was nominated. Yet Soviet atomic pro- duction may well overshadow ev- president will to face. Consider the facts. In the first place, previous estimates of So- viet atomic stockpiling have now been upped about 20 per cent. In the second place, this probably means that the Soviet stockpile will begin to approach the number of bombs required for an attempted knock-out blow at the United States, before the end of 'the next president's four-year term. Previous estimates have assum- ed Soviet production of about 50 bombs up to -the beginning of this year; and thereafter, as the result of the completion of a great new atomic, plant in central Russia, monthly production of five to seven bombs.- These estimates have been upped for several reasons, but es- pecially because it has been found that atomic bombs of medium power can be produced consider- ably more rapidly than had previ- ously been thought possible. 20% Bomb Increase Given this 20 per cent increase in current estimates, the follow- ing table will serve as a rough guide to the expected minimum and maximum stockpile in the years immediately ahead. At the end of this year: 130 to 150 bombs. At the end of 1953: 200 to 250 bombs. At the end of 1954: 275 to 370 bombs. At the end of 1955: 350 to 450 bombs. At the end of 1956: 420 to 550 bombs. This sort of estimate is, of course, no more than an informed guess. No one can possibly pre- dict what successes or failures may attend the efforts of Soviet Secret Police Chief Lavrenti Beria, who is charged with the Soviet three or four Moreover, the above table leaves out account atomic program, years from now. the this hydrogen country bomb, on has little which head orders. dent, he must be." In order to explore what kind of president Eisenhower would make we must outline his basic beliefs. He is an obvious idealist, a markedly decent human being with a great deal of 'common sense who likes to believe in the essential decency and common sense of other human beings. He believes in peace above all, in unity of effort by the Western Al- lies, and in a world order secured by American strength. He is ar- dently anti-isolationist. "No intelli- gent he declared once, "can be an isolationist." And he is a distinct conservative. He said of a friend recently, "That fellow thinks the way I is a con- servative, but an extremely lib- eral conservative." Actually Eisen- hower is probably more conserva- tive than that. If he ever mentions the New Deal these days, it is with a quiver of horror. In 1949 Eisenhower took a public stand against federal aid to edu- cation. This, it seemed to many, showed a certain lack of genero- sity, inasmuch as he himself was totally educated at public expense. Labcr's Attitude Largely through the influence of his close friend and admirer Anna Rosenberg, he made a famous ad- dress to the CIO convention at At- lantic City in 1946. The brass hats in the Pentagon fought this ap- pearance bitterly, but Eisenhower went through with it. He was re- assured, getting off the train, to see that the welcoming commit- tee consisted largely of former GI's. He paid a handsome tribute to the job labor did in the war "American labor rightly shares in a nine-year-old Schnauzer, chews contendedly on a bone in Philadelphia af- ter the will' of his master, Lhoe Oscar Thieme, was pro- bated. The dog was left 000 in cash for the purchase of a place in the country so he would "have a place to play" and for "living expenses" ua- til his death. Thieme was an expert in drawing up other persons' wills. (AP Wirephoto) Mental Hospital Fire Warnings Ignored, Claim ST.' PAUL (hat the 1951 legislature ignored warnings of -fire menaces to patients in the state's mental hospitals were made today by Dr. Reuben K. Young- dahl, president of the citizens men- tal health committee of Minnesota. Rev. Youngd.ahl, a brother of former Gov. Youngdahl, claimed that despite reforms that have been of the mental hospitals "still fail to meet mini- mum standards of health, sanita- tion, and safety." Gamble With Livei "We are, in fact, gambling with human Dr. Youngdahl said. "Take the simple matter of fire escapes crucially important in old buildings housing persons of- ficially judged unable to care for themselves.- "Our superintendents asked for a chance for their patients, should strike. Hastings asked for the laurels won by American troops striKe. castings asKea tor on the battlefield" and talked! WV-wd was granted Who eloquently about the virtues of the free enterprise system. He said, "Enslaved labor, regimented farm- ers, and chained management proved to be no match start OD the Soviet Union. But the estimates above at least serve to suggest what the planners call "the dimensions of the problem." Mighty Problem The dimensions of this problem which will confront tJe next presi- dent are also suggested by other estimates the experts have made. These estimates concern the num- ber of medium bombs on target re- quired to destroy this country's military potential. This, again, is something which even the best of the experts, poring over their tar- get analyses and production fig- ures, can only guess at. But for what they are worth these guesses range from 450 to 660 medium atomic bombs delivered on target. Here it should be pointed out, of course, that there is a great dif- ference between bombs hidden in a stockpile 'and bombs deliver- ed on target. For one thing, the continental United States does not contain by any means the only atomic targets in the world. Sec- ond, no country can afford to ex- pend its whple atomic stockpile at a single blow. Third, some gets are sure to be missed. And finally, the effectiveness of the de- fenses of a country attacked can make the difference between the success or failure of an attack. All-Out Attack As already reported in this space, .the air defense specialists are beginning to believe that the effectiveness of our defense against air delivered attack can be increased very sharply indeed, given an all-out national effort in this field. For all these reasons, it would be all wrong simply to (Continued on Page 8, Column 8.) ALSOPS for free labor, free agriculture, and free management." Also: "A pros- perous, virile citizenry is both the purpose and' strength of democra- cy." The speech contained little that was controversial, and it was enthusiastically received. Labor has cooled on him since that date, though he has never taken an anti-labor stand. But it is generally believed that he is out of sympathy with much that labor advocates, and he dislikes the extreme pro-labor orientation brought about by the Truman gov- ernment. He said in one speech, "We seek an illusory thing called and added that men kill- ed in the war "believed in some- thing more than merely assuring themselves that they weren't go- ing to be hungry at the age of 67." Eisenhower's remarks on social security have on other occasions got him into mild trouble. In a speech at the Waldorf-Astoria he mentioned that too much emphasis was being placed in the country on personal security at the ex- pense of individual liberty. Greed Antagonizes Ike On the other side of the fence Eisenhower