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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 1, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Cool Tonight and Wednesday Baseball Tonight, p. m. KWNO-FM VOLUME 50, NO. 140 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 1, 1950 FOURTEEN PAGES s Only 40 Miles From Pusan TnmmWooU Accept A Controls Washington President Truman said today he his no objection to enactment of stand-by powers to control wages and prices, and to ration consumer goods. Mr. Truman set out his position In a letter to Senator Maybank (D.-S. chairman of the Senate banking committee, lhat group is now working on controls legislation. The President's nod of consent made it virtually certain that Congress would put in his hands the power to clamp on wage-price- rationing whenever he feels they are needed. Sentiment among -the legislators for giving him that authority has been growing ever since Bernard Baruch, a mobilization adviser in two world wars, made a strong plea, last week for all-out eco- nomic mobilization. Leopold Abdication Faces New Delay Minnesota, Wisconsin Units Not Included More Money to Be Asked for Navy Planes By Jerry Korn Washington The nation's ground forces will be strengthen- :ed this month by the addition of 'four National Guard divisions and 'some smaller units. By Godfrey Anderson ;ask Parliament to vote a delega-j They were ordered into federal' Brussels. Hclffium Kingition of his powers to his son, 19-jservice __but not identified yes- Leopold III bowed to the threatjyear-old Prince Baudouin. Leopold j terday bv Secretary of Defense of civil war today and offered a would remain king in name only, j Johnson. slow-motion abdication which The king impijed a promise ofj threw the thorny royal question back into the lap of Parliament. Peace-minded Belgians hoped the king's offer would ease the! critical tension which had mounted; in recent weeks. Many Brussels! citizens feared, though, that Social-1 1st leaders of the anti-Leopold movement might not be able to control their forces. Leopold, in a broadcast state- ment early today, said he would. TODAY- How Much Controls Top Issue By Stewart Alsop tJoscpli Alsop is to Korea, and tiis reports on the var thers mil soon appear in this spa.e.' Washington Must we go the abdication with these words: "This attribution of royal powers to Prince Baudouin seems to me a necessary step towards the solution which ought to clear the way for ac- cession of the rrown prince to the throne when he reaches his civil majority (it 21) If, as I hope and desire, the reconcili- ation promised about my son takes place." Baudouin will be 21 on Septem- ber 7, 1951. Some anti-Leopold socialist lead- ers termed the king's offer "sat- (Major General J. E. Nelson. Minnesota adjutant general, said no orders have been received for any units of the state's National Guard division the 47th infan- try. (He said lack of orders may mean no Minnesota units are af- feeted. i (In Camp McCoy, Wis., Major j General Jim Dan Hill said Wiscon- son's 32nd division is not one of! (the four divisions ordered to ac-i tive duty.) i Replace Regular Units No announcement was made by! the Defense department on howj Troops Of The TJ. S. Second Infantry division under Major General Laurence B. Keiser, above, landed with tanks in Ko- rea Monday (Korean time) and sped forward to help brace shrinking Allied lines. Keiser, veteran of 33 years Army serv- ice, assumed command of the division at Fort Lewis, Wash., April 1. (A.P. Wirephoto from Department of Defense.) isfactory." However, the Tradejthe National Guard troops will be Union Federation, which had spon-jused. Previous assurances have! sored widespread strikes dernand-jbeen given, however, that National ing abdication, called for its re-1 Guard troops will be used to re- [gional committees to meet for a fresh evaluation of the new situs- Itlon. Leopold had offered yesterday to abdicate, then qualified his offer with conditions the Socialists and Liberals termed unacceptable. Kis latest move came as Brussels al- ready waited behind closed shut- place regular units which have gone, or will go. Into the fighting !in Korea. In World War n trained Nation- al Guard troops, including the 34th division with many men from Min-j nesota and Iowa, were the first to For Anti-Red Arms Aid Asked CAB Awards Parks Route to Mid-Continent Decision Clears Way for Service Into Winona By Adolph Bremer The Civil Aeronautics board has upheld its examiner's decision in giving the North Central which includes Mid- Continent Airlines. The announcement was made in Washington, D. C., this afternoon. The board canceled a permit for more than miles of air line routes It issued to Parks Air Lines, Inc., East St. Louis, 111., and award the routes to Mid-Continent and Ozark Airlines. Numerous other air- lines had applied for portions of the routes. Examiner's Stand Upheld Today's CAB decision affirms the stand that Examiner Ralph L. Wiser took in his report to the CAB April 25 after lengthy hearings andi deliberations. His report was followed by oral arguments and filing of further written briefs, which, further delay- ed the ruling of the CAB. In the course of the proceedings to acquire the North Central route Mid-Continent officials have stated that they would be ready to begin flying the routes 30 to 60 days after all legal barriers are cleared. The five routes in the North Cen- K NORTH 1 i f t KOREA jtral area includes this one: i Chicago to Minneapolis-St. Paul Washington Tru-lvia Elgin and Rockford. HI.; Beloit today inarch on the capital thousands of strikers. Organizers of the march called it off immediately after the broad- said the divisions former already en route to Korea will be brought to full strength, and two Marine reserve squadrons called up for active du- go into action against crack Ger-'man told Congress today Madison, Baraboo-Por- tage and La Crosse, Wis., and Wi- nona, Rochester and Red Wing. Red Wing and Baraboo-Portage now do not have adequate airports. man troops in North Africa, same time, Deace nas nas endargered whole hoc? Must the American casj Oj tne Icing's message. Butj-y. economy be placed on a full mobi-Une marchers were already in mo-j Plans also were reported un- lizatior. basis, with all the wearily tion and some had arrived in Bras- familiar paraphernalia, rationing gels. by the Korean crisis and asked it to vote quickly of new money to arm anti-Communist al- lies. and price and wage control and Leopold's latest offer was the all the rest? Bernard M. Baruch, sarne he April 15 when Bel whose testimony on this opposing political parties air power and to put more four- Discussing the decision to cancel Parks' certificate, the board noted its original awards were in 1946 and Speed in getting production of 1947 and said Parks -has nad ample equipment under way to establish service." In Public Interest interests of the the Info Lines way to to Present said _T 1 Tl 1_ i a letter to House Speaker Baybuinj engined bombers into the sky over (D.-Texas) formally asking lor saidj "preclude any further Korea. i money. Members of the House appropri-1 Mr. Truman added: not to be lightly negotiating for a solution ofjations committee said President! "It Is now clear that the free is not to be lightly negotiating for a solution committee said President has answered these questions with (the royal crisis. It was rejected jTruman will ask Congress soon for T i.n n npTV annrnnriatlnn nf IVirt fVn a flat "yes. It is hardly a secret art Symington, chairman .then by Socialists and Liberals appropriation of that W. Stu-jcause the king refused to buy plane? for the Navy, of the I to leave the country while Baudou-j Bombers for Korea National Security Resources held the roj'al aiiLhority. strongly agrees with Baruch. Yet the majority view among Presi- dent Truman's advisers is against anv demand for all-out control The statement today made no mention of what the king planned in this respect. The king's statement appealed to powers at. this time. The most Belgians to close ranks and international the country. spokesman for this view up to the urgent oddly, in view of his confronting ticulate rather oddly, in view of his reputa-jprob' lion as a leftwinger thirsting forj controls of all sorts is Chair-] man Leon Keyscrling of the Coun-j rfl of Economic Advisers. Key- sei'liiiR is also supported in gen- era! by olher influential admin- istration figures, like W. Averell Harriman, able special adviser to the President. This majority view is based in part on a purely practical consideration. It is argued that a demand for full controls meet fierce opposition from the conservative's in Con- gress, and that while Congress debating, the whole eco- nomic situation might get out of hand. But the view is also liasrd on more general They said the new request just about doubling the number of planes the Navy expected to buy this year will be in addition to the extra Mr. Tru- man asked last week for armed forces spending in the year end- ing next June 30. The Air Force announced yes- terday thst bombers identified nations must accelerate the efforts they are making to strengthen j their common security. "They now have no alternative but to increase rapidly their pre- pampering of an air carrier that has repeatedly delayed using its authorization. "As has been pointed out in this proceeding, the investment of Parks is insignificant when con- sidered in the light of. the long delayed needs of the area for ser- paredness to defend the' principles as well as the investments UJC ollu of international law and justice for iby the communities and by agencies thfi Korean q.aesUon at the r which the United Nations stand. the state and federal govern- ,top of the agenda. This course provides the bestiments i" .1 Maliic revealed the latest Soviet proposed agenda {Qr tQ_ hope of deterring future calculated outbreaks against the peace of the world." .aiiiinui vvisci ____., Mr. Truman had advised tne Great Lakes ro.ates be by an official as B-29s and B-50s Sessional leaders at a White Houseieiven to Turner Airlines. Inc.. In- are being sent to Korea. The B-50 conference yesterday that he would: di u Ind and the Mississippi a later version of the B-29, with ask for the _ ire powerful engines and other The reaction in Congress mdicat- ed there was general sentiment to is more improvements. Johnson's announcement c o n-IProvide cernicg the National Guard did However, the Senate took occa- name the units involved. Besides !sion. in acting on another foreign the four divisions, he said, measure, 'o serve notice that it regimental combat teams andjthinks the time has come for ome supporting units will be call- nations to stand up and be count Valley route to the Ozark Air Lines, St. Louis. Mo., but the board gave both routes to Ozark. ed in the munism. fight against Com- Any man must rerog. nize Lhat, bar a general war, the of defense spending will continue for years. No sensi- We man welcomes the prospect of an American economy saddled in-: u definitrly with price controls and' "I the king said, "now that a solution of ap- peasement has come after the grave difficulties of the last days, the important social, cul- tural and regional problems which arc beinj posed in the country will soon find their solution in the normal way of our Democratic regime." The 48-year-old Leopold, who !was exiled in 1945, because he had [surrendered to the Germans dur- World War It, returned to the Dcf, i throne July 22. _______________ ______ He had been called back by thelafter they had been notified of tions bill power for the President) 'Social Christian major-] their activation. [to cut off economic recovery j ity in Parliament at a session boy-' There are 27 National from any country that re-incurs ending at 12 m. today: cotted by the Socialist, Liberal and'divisions and 20 regimental com-i fuses help for the United Nations, Maximum, 84: minimum. Communist opposition. ;bat teams. At Since his return the king hadJGuard division numbers about iremnined in seclusion at his heav-l000 meni a combat, team about for arms aid to nations outside v. 'nnn t AHHIH ily guarded palace in suburban jwu- Laeken while demonstrations and strikes protesting his presence rag- control of application was denied. I day's meeting, submitted late yes- i Examiner Wiser recommended terday and listing the China recog- nition issue ahead of the Korean WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and ___ ___ r____..... rather coo! tonight and But the council majority! 27 Divisions in TJ. S rnunism. rather coo! tonight and But the council majority V -V ense officials said the Guard It did this by writing into a tonight 56; high Wednesdayjhas the power to adopt any order fast or the plant nit nara would be identified publicly N.OOO.OOO one-package _ appropria-j 78. _....._______ of work it desires. two days ago The plane LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the Southern Attack Pressed to Stop Reinforcements Tokyo North Korean Red forces moved tonight to within 40 miles of Pusan, vital American seaport base in southeastern Ko- rea. gain was made as more fresh U. S. troop's poured ashore to bolster the Allied. defenses. A dispatch from Don Whitehead, Associated Press correspondent in Korea, said the Communists were 15 miles west of Masan, which Is 25 air miles west of Pusan. This represented a gain of about ten miles since Monday. Other Red thrusts were develop- ing around Kochang and flaming Hyopchong in the southern sector and at Adong in the North. But no serious gains had been reported made at these three points. The Reds apparently hoped to jpush United Nations troops off the Korean peninsula before sufficient arriving U. S. aid could reach them. But hour by hour anxiously awaited American troops stepped ashore at a South Korean port. Some rushed to the front to brace battered American and South Ko- reans who have been shoved back for days by the Red hordes from the North. These fresh troops included ele- ments of the TJ, S. Second infantry division, which landed Monday, and two following Army units not otherwise Identified. In addition, the main force of the TJ. S. First Marine division units was looked for by j weary of retreating. An advanced administrative unit of the Marines has arrived In Ko- rea from the United States to pre- pare for the oncoming Leatherneck fighting forces. But they had not been sighted In Korea at 10 p.m. Frontline troops 'had been given a breather since the Reds broka through in the South Monday morn- ing. The Americans had braced and dug into new positions. The Red thrusts around Kochang: and Hyopchong headed toward Taegu, trail hub on the main cen- tral frontline supply route from Pusan. Byopchong was set ablaze Tuesday morning by American fire bombs. U. S. planes sought out and bombed Red troops in villages, hamlets and rice paddies. Steady Red Pressure Plane pilots reported the Reds kept steady pressure on the north- :rn front where South Korean :roops abandoned Yechon Monday. Yechon is an important link on .he east-west highway route across the Hamchang-Andong front. There was fighting in the streets of Andong at sunset. But the city was still reported in Soutii Korean hands at that time. On the central front the First, cavalry division reported it was under heavy pressure all Tuesday and made a short withdrawal on Council delegates generallyjsives center on North Koreas eastjits norlh jlcnk. It claimed the des- agreed that a. Qoas{ Explosions rocked the area.jtruction of 16 enemy tanks during fjghfjfjg The U. S. 25lh infantry division also made a planned withdrawal to stabilize its central north sector lines. The Eighth Army reported buildup of Communist twin thrusts through narrow valleys toward Taegu from Kochang and Hyop- Exerting Pressure all along the defense perimeter, North Ko- rean Communists drove five miles beyond Chinju, bottom arrow, to within. 50 miles of Pusan today. In a double pronged drive to the north, one column rolled 16 miles southwest of the breakthrough at Kochang into Hypochon while another column pushed into Chirye. Reds also recaptured Yechon, at the north part of the Jine, from South Korean forces. At Tongdok, on the east coast, Reds still held out against a drive of U. S. and South Korean forces. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Russ Seek Delay On Korea in U.N. By Max Harrelson Lake made it clear today that she will discuss peace in Korea only after the United Nations has considered her re- newed demands for seating Red China. The Russian position was disclosed as Soviet Deputy Foreign Min- ister Jakob A. Malik ended his seven-month boycott of the U.N. and assumed the presidency of .the se-------------------------------------------- curity council as it met this after- 50 B-29 s Bomb Chemical Center In North Korea The Western nations, headed by the United States, appeared assur- ed, however, of enough council votes to overrule the Soviets and conflict This dashed the hopes of I xokyo-in-AoouJ 50 B-29 bomb- those who had looked for Russia's! return to signal an important a Eew aUack change in Soviet foreign policy. on, chemical and expio- battle would be waged over any i Russian attempt to delay debate a Korean air release said, and S council president for August under I the monthly rotation system, sub- andjmits the peace body's provisional The target was the chemical and plant of the Chosen (Ko- Nitro Fertilizer Company, The stage was set for such a j fight by U. S. Delegate Warren R. showered 400 tons of bombs on the today's run. oke and flames 20 regimental com-i fuses help for U full strength, a (fight in Korea. moon. 68: precipitation, .15: sun There were also rising demandshonight at sun tomorrow i Atlantic pact. I Additional weather on Page 10. drur.iiflv with price controls ana Witnesses Pledge Not devices aiv used really toughly, j even ruthlcsslv, all-out controls! can still be avoided. These mea-j _, siircs may be listed roughly as fol-j Q lows: j much higher taxes. The; S5.nOO.ooO.000 tax raise demanded! by Truman is only a first bite.) There is much more to come, if Truman has his way with Con- cress. Second, really lough consum- er credit control. Consumer credit is now at the level, pressing explo- sively against the whole price structure. Drastic consumer credit control will elicit howls of pain and raec from all sorts of powerful poople. from man- ufacturers to home builders. But tanks are now more im- portant than cars, radar sets than apartment houses. At the same time, of course, there should be tiffht control over a I nondefense government spending, state and local as vrll as federal. Third, equally tough use of the I i (Continued on Page S, Column 4) ALSOP New York Massed thousands of Jehovah's Wit- nesses, from all over the U. S. and from 67 foreign countries, yesterday renewed their pledge not to salute the flag of any nation. The witnesses gathered 000-strong at Yankee stadium for the second day of the eight- day international assembly of the Watch Tower Bible and Tract society. Hayden C. Covington, a San Antonio, Texas, lawyer, said at last night's session, that clergymen who have opposed street preachinff by the Wit- nesses arc "tools of the devil." Covingtoo declared: "It is so much easier to wheedle the money from their congregations to build big, ex- pensive buildings and then scare the flock inside to be fleeced while they feed them fodder." countries to try to stop the fight- ing or at least prevent it spreading. It chong. arose from! It said the Americans and South Koreans generally fell back on the North and central fronts, i There was no mention in the Tues- thick, greasy smoke had (day night communique of the 'eet." southern advance reported 15 miles Putnam of'west of Masan. asked that his resolutionune the mission! The Kochang-Hyopchong spear- this 'was even more successful than our (july 30 attack, if such a thing is be taken up at council meeting. But the wording of the draft 'possible." agenda submitted by Malik would) bar discussion of the American proposal. The Soviet work sheet is word- ed this way: 1. Adoption of agenda. 2. Recognition of the representa-j tive of the central peopel's govern-] ment of the Peoples Republic ofj China as the representative of Chi- 1 U. S. Eighth Army Headquarters 'in Korea Associated Press A.P. Newsman Missing in Korea heads joined with a companion movement through Red-held Chirye, south of Kuncaong, would jimperil the.First cavalry front now 'established a few miles west of Kumchon. A general adjustment of Ameri- can and South Korean lines in an arc from Kurnchon through Ham- chang and Andong followed the Red capture of Yechon, key high- way city on the northern front. Captain Howard L. Reed of Sher- man, Texas, one of the pilots who 3. Peaceful settlement of the Correspondent William R. Moore flew over the fronts, said the Com- rean question. I has not been heard from since imunist drive 01, Andong seemed Austin filed his resolution under j Sunday afternoon when he went to have been stopped after some the original Korean item, which] to the Chinju battle front. refers to "aggression" in Korea. U. N. officials appealed to Malik to change his wording, or at least to add a new item which would permit discussion of the U. S. reso- lution. The Soviet delegate refus- .ed. The U. S., however, was under- i stood to have enough support to (overrule any Soviet objections to revising the work sheet. Experts were quick to note that, A Tankman stands alongside the nigh velocity 90mm turret gun of the Army's M-26 "General Persh- ing" tank in South Korea during tests of the big tanks before they were sent to the front to strengthen the American defenses. The gun is capable of knocking out enemy tanks at ranges of two miles or more. The M-2S has a low silhouette, is heavier than the Sherman tank and has increased armor pro- tection, (A.P. Wirephoto.) He last was reported with an fighting in the streets. Pilots claimed the destruction of element of the 24th division thatjbetween 20 and 24 Communist ve- was, split in two by the Red drive, hides. In addition B-26 pilots said The unit fled Monday morning from Chinju. Moore, 40, was born at Nowata.iAnsong, south. they set four hangars afire near Pudae, eight miles southwest of Okla., and worked on the Daily Oklahoman at Oklahoma City. He joined the Associated .Press at Enemy dead were reported pil- ing up in front of American posi- tions along the 160 mile land peri- in the draft Soviet agenda, the, Russians now are demanding rec-jwith the U. S. Army of ognition of Red China by the Korea. He returned there as Denver m 1937 served in the Army imele, of the box-like front, from 1942 to 1946, and rejoined A MacArthur spokesman said the. Associated Press in New York. Red losses have been "frightful" Wfnnrfi o n i- n n J o Moore had served as a !cil instead of demanding the ous- jter of the Nationalist Chinese rep- resentatives, as they did last Jan- iuary. Associated Press correspondent in April, 1943. When the war broke out, he was on his way back to Korea from vacation. major and added "they are probably greater than we realize." The last official estimate of en- emy casualties given at MacAr- (Continued on Page 10, Column S) KOREA ;